CN106734116B - A kind of electronic waste processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of electronic waste processing unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106734116B
CN106734116B CN201710053699.1A CN201710053699A CN106734116B CN 106734116 B CN106734116 B CN 106734116B CN 201710053699 A CN201710053699 A CN 201710053699A CN 106734116 B CN106734116 B CN 106734116B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
outlet
shaking
feeder
screw
type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201710053699.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106734116A (en
Inventor
杨生强
徐正平
宦勇
周扬建
Original Assignee
杨生强
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨生强 filed Critical 杨生强
Priority to CN201710053699.1A priority Critical patent/CN106734116B/en
Publication of CN106734116A publication Critical patent/CN106734116A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106734116B publication Critical patent/CN106734116B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/80Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving an extraction step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass

Abstract

A kind of electronic waste processing unit, is related to technical field of waste treatment.The pollution-free processing that electronic waste not only may be implemented is provided, but also the utility in electronic waste can be recycled, innoxious, the recycling, the electronic waste processing unit of minimizing of electronic waste processing are reached.Including crushing system, separation system, grinding system and the separation system set gradually, the crushing system includes infeed belt conveyor one, crusher, cyclone separator one and discharging spiral conveyor, the outlet of the infeed belt conveyor one connects crusher, the top air outlet connection cyclone separator of the crusher, lower part are equipped with discharge gate, the bottom of crusher is equipped with discharge port, and the import of the discharging spiral conveyor is located below the discharge opening;The present invention facilitates operation, improves work efficiency.

Description

A kind of electronic waste processing unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment more particularly to the processing units of electronic waste.
Background technique
It is Chinese to scrap more than 5,000,000 television sets, 4,000,000 refrigerators, 5,000,000 computers and 60,000,000 hands every year Machine, the electronic waste generated every year is more than 2,300,000 tons, and is increased year by year, and the electronic waste by illegal channels import is more than 14000000 tons.Therefore, electronic waste to be treated reaches 16,300,000 tons or more every year in China.It is opened from January 1st, 2011 in China " waste electric appliance and electronic Product recycling handles management rules " the regulation waste electrical and electronic equipment for beginning to implement recycles operator couple The waste electric products of recycling are handled, and waste electrical and electronic equipment processing qualification should be obtained.Even but having obtained Waste electrical and electronic equipment handles the enterprise of qualification, and treatment process still continues to use traditional " baked wheaten cake ", and (burning-off plastics leave gold Belong to, generate a large amount of exhaust gas and residue) and " washing " (use strong acid or " chloroazotic acid " to dissolve metal, the plastics through acid soak are discarded into For new rubbish), resource utilization rate is low, a large amount of waste water,waste gas and industrial residue is generated in treatment process, to air, river, It is lauched, soil etc. causes serious pollution.Therefore, there is an urgent need to one kind not to produce secondary pollution, can be to waste electronic in China The processing unit of the recyclings such as plastics, copper, aluminium, iron in product.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, but also can be by electronics in view of the above problems, provide the pollution-free processing that electronic waste not only may be implemented Utility in rubbish recycles, reach the innoxious of electronic waste processing, recycling, minimizing electronic waste processing Device.
The technical scheme is that including the crushing system set gradually, separation system, grinding system and sorting system System,
The crushing system includes infeed belt conveyor one, crusher, cyclone separator one and discharging spiral conveyor, The outlet of the infeed belt conveyor one connects crusher, the top air outlet connection cyclone separator of the crusher, under Portion is equipped with discharge gate, and the bottom of crusher is equipped with discharge port, and the import of the discharging spiral conveyor is located under discharge port Side;
The separation system includes oscillating feeder, belt conveyor, magnetic separator, three outlet vibrating screens, rotary drum magnetic separator One, rotary drum magnetic separator two, current vortex sorting machine one and current vortex sorting machine two, the import of the oscillating feeder are located at discharging spiral shell Below the outlet for revolving conveyer, one end of the belt conveyor is located at below the outlet of oscillating feeder, other end connection three Export the import of vibrating screen;Three outlet vibrating screen is equipped with the outlet of bulk materials feed back, coarse fodder outlet and fine material outlet, institute Coarse fodder outlet connection rotary drum magnetic separator one is stated, the fine material outlet connects rotary drum magnetic separator two;The rotary drum magnetic separator one and electricity Vortex sorting machine one connects, and the rotary drum magnetic separator two is connect with current vortex sorting machine two;
The grinding system includes feeding spiral conveyer, grinder and cyclone separator two, the feed auger conveying One end connection current vortex sorting machine one and current vortex sorting machine two of machine, the other end connect grinder, the top of the grinder Air outlet is connect with cyclone separator two, lower part is equipped with outlet;
The separation system includes infeed belt conveyor two, five separation vibrating sieve extension sets, screw(-type) feeder one, shaking table One, screw(-type) feeder two, shaking table two, screw(-type) feeder three, shaking table three, screw(-type) feeder four and shaking table four,
One end of the belt conveyor two is located at below the outlet of grinder, and the other end is located at five separation vibrating sieve extension sets Import above,
Set the outlet of maximum sphere feed back on the five separation vibrating sieves extension set, remaining four outlets respectively with screw(-type) feeder One, one end connection of screw(-type) feeder two, screw(-type) feeder three, screw(-type) feeder four;The other end of screw(-type) feeder one with shake Bed one connects, and the other end of screw(-type) feeder two is connect with shaking table two, and the other end of screw(-type) feeder three is connect with shaking table three, spiral shell The other end of rotation batcher four is connect with air-flow shaking table four.
It further include dust collecting system, the dust collecting system includes dust-precipitator, the blast pipe and cyclone separator of the dust-precipitator One air outlet, the air outlet of cyclone separator two are connected.
The outlet of copper material and the outlet of aluminium material are respectively equipped on the shaking table one, shaking table two, shaking table three and shaking table four.
The shaking table one, shaking table two, shaking table three and shaking table four are air-flow shaking table.
The present invention includes the crushing system set gradually, separation system, grinding system and separation system, passes through crushing system Electronic waste be crushed and forms fragment;
Electronic waste fragment carries out screening operation by separation system, forms bulk materials, coarse fodder and fines, bulk materials Crusher is returned to, coarse fodder and fines are further separated out copper aluminium mixture;
Copper aluminium mixture forms copper, aluminium spherical particle by grinding system;
Copper, aluminium spherical particle are sieved by separation system, and maximum sphere returns to grinding, other specifications carry out sorting will The copper of different size, aluminium ball shape grain sorting are at copper and aluminium, and copper enters copper collector, aluminium enters aluminium collector, complete electronics rubbish The automatic sorting of rubbish is handled.
The present invention facilitates operation, improves work efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention,
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of crushing system,
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of separation system,
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of grinding system,
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of separation system;
1 is infeed belt conveyor one in figure, and 2 be crusher, and 3 be cyclone separator one, and 4 be discharging spiral conveyor, 5 It is oscillating feeder, 6 be magnetic separator, and 7 be belt conveyor, and 8 be three outlet vibrating screens, and 81 be that bulk materials feed back exports, 82 It is coarse fodder outlet, 83 be fine material outlet, and 9 be rotary drum magnetic separator one, and 10 be rotary drum magnetic separator two, and 11 be current vortex sorting machine one, 12 be current vortex sorting machine two, and 13 be feeding spiral conveyer, and 14 be grinder, and 15 be cyclone separator two, and 16 be charging skin Band conveyer two, 17 be five separation vibrating sieve extension sets, and 170 be maximum sphere feed back outlet, and 18 be screw(-type) feeder one, and 19 be to shake Bed one, 20 be screw(-type) feeder two, and 21 be shaking table two, and 22 be screw(-type) feeder three, and 23 be shaking table three, and 24 be screw(-type) feeder Four, 25 be shaking table four, and 26 be dust-precipitator.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is as shown in Figs. 1-5, including crushing system A, separation system B, grinding system C, separation system D and gathers dust and be Unite E;
Crushing system includes infeed belt conveyor 1, crusher 2, cyclone separator 1 and discharging spiral conveyor 4. One end of infeed belt conveyor 1 connects electronic waste preprocessing field (kinescope, fluorescent screen in manual demolition electronic waste Deng the device containing noxious material), the other end connects crusher 2, and crusher is equipped with discharge gate;The air outlet of crusher 2 connects Connect cyclone separator 1.
Separation system includes oscillating feeder 5, belt conveyor 7, the outlet of magnetic separator 6, three vibrating screen 8, rotary drum magnetic separator One 9, rotary drum magnetic separator 2 10, current vortex sorting machine 1 and current vortex sorting machine 2 12.Oscillating feeder 5 is connected to broken system The discharging spiral conveyor 4 of system, one end of belt conveyor 7 connect oscillating feeder 5, three outlet vibrating screen 8 of other end connection; Three outlet vibrating screens 8 are equipped with bulk materials feed back outlet 81, coarse fodder outlet 82 and fine material outlet 83, coarse fodder outlet and rotary drum magnetic separation Machine 1 connects, and fine material outlet and rotary drum magnetic separator 2 10 connect;Rotary drum magnetic separator 1 and current vortex sorting machine 1 connect, and turn Drum magnetic separator 2 10 is connect with current vortex sorting machine 2 12.
Grinding system includes feeding spiral conveyer 13, grinder 14, cyclone separator 2 15.Feeding spiral conveyer 13 One end connection current vortex sorting machine 1 and current vortex sorting machine 2 12, the other end connects grinder 14, and grinder 14 goes out Air port is connect with cyclone separator 2 15.
Separation system includes infeed belt conveyor 2 16, five separation vibrating sieve extension sets 17, screw(-type) feeder 1, shaking table One 19, screw(-type) feeder 2 20, shaking table 2 21, screw(-type) feeder 3 22, shaking table 3 23, screw(-type) feeder 4 24, shaking table 4 25. Five separation vibrating sieve extension sets 17 are equipped with maximum sphere feed back outlet 170, remaining four outlets respectively with screw(-type) feeder 1, One end connection of screw(-type) feeder 2 20, screw(-type) feeder 3 22, screw(-type) feeder 4 24;One 18 other end of screw(-type) feeder with Shaking table 1 connects, and the other end of screw(-type) feeder 2 20 connect with shaking table 2 21, the other end of screw(-type) feeder 3 22 with shake Bed 3 23 connects, and the other end of screw(-type) feeder 4 24 is connect with shaking table 4 25.
Dust collecting system: it is made of dust-precipitator 26 and network management (attached drawing is not drawn into air hose).The blast pipe of dust-precipitator 26 and broken One 3 air outlet of cyclone separator in system, separation system air outlet, 2 15 air outlet of cyclone separator, sorting in grinding system The connection of system air outlet.
The present invention is at work: the electronic waste after the device containing noxious material such as manual demolition kinescope, fluorescent screen is logical It crosses and is crushed by infeed belt conveyor 1 into crusher 2, be broken into piece material by discharge port by discharging spiral transferring Machine 4 is sent to be transported to oscillating feeder 5.2 repeated stock of crusher and the bulk iron charge that can not be smashed are by the discharging lock on crusher 2 Door is discharged into iron collector.The material that the gas of broken crusher discharge is taken out of enters powder after the separation of cyclone separator 1 Collector.
Electronic waste fragment enters belt conveyor 7 by oscillating feeder 5, is divided by magnetic separator 6 except (iron enters iron charge to iron Collector) enter the three outlet screenings of vibrating screens 8 afterwards, bulk materials return to crusher 2 by feedback outlet, and the coarse fodder screened out enters Rotary drum magnetic separator 1 further separates the mixing of copper aluminium by current vortex sorting machine 1 except iron (iron enters iron charge collector) Object, fines enter rotary drum magnetic separator 2 10 and further separate except iron (iron enters iron charge collector) by current vortex sorting machine 2 12 Copper aluminium mixture, the copper aluminium mixture isolated enter non-ferrous metal collector, and remainder is (mainly in electronic waste Plastics) enter non-metal collection device.
Copper aluminium mixture by feeding spiral conveyer 13 be transported to grinder 14 carry out grinding be granulated form copper, aluminium ball shape Grain discharge grinder;The material that the gas of grinder discharge is taken out of enters powder collector after the separation of cyclone separator 2 15.
Copper, aluminium spherical particle are sieved by infeed belt conveyor 2 16 into five separation vibrating sieve extension sets 17, most Big sphere passes through maximum sphere feed back outlet and returns to grinding;The copper aluminium spherical particle of other four kinds of specifications passes through screw feeder respectively Machine 1 enters shaking table 1, shaking table 2 21 is entered by screw(-type) feeder 2 20, enters shaking table by screw(-type) feeder 3 22 3 23, shaking table 4 25 is entered by screw(-type) feeder 4 24, shaking table 1, shaking table 2 21, shaking table 3 23 and shaking table 4 25 will not The copper aluminium ball shape grain sorting of same specification is at copper and aluminium, and copper enters copper collector, aluminium enters aluminium collector, completes electronic waste Automatic sorting processing.
Gas is discharged in cyclone separator 1 in crushing system, gas is discharged in separation system, cyclone separator 2 15 in grinding system Discharge gas and separation system discharge gas pass through steel pipe enter dust-precipitator 26 handle it is up to standard after discharge, the dust of collection enters powder Collector.Entire processing unit is nearly free from secondary pollution.
The shaking table one, shaking table two, shaking table three and shaking table four are air-flow shaking table.Air-flow shaking table is the wind in separation equipment Optional equipment and gravity screening plant, principle are that material is fallen on compass screen surface, with the shake of shaking table, lightweight object such as paper, plastics, ash Dirt etc. is separated under the action of the wind, other substances reach lightweight object, low because density difference separates under the shake of shaking table The separation of density and high density object.
Electronic waste is handled by the present apparatus, and the final product of processing is iron, copper, aluminium and plastics, and iron, copper, aluminium can be made For the raw material of related smelting enterprise, the plastics sub-elected are mainly ABS engineering plastics, can be used for being poured municipal inspection shaft cover, water conservancy And plumbing small-sized gate, garbage grille, catch basin etc..
The cleaning of electronic waste processing, minimizing, innoxious can be achieved for the processing of electronic waste in apparatus of the present invention And recycling.
Working method of the invention the following steps are included:
1) method manually dismantled takes out the device of the noxious material contained in electronic waste, separately deals with;
2) remainder the crusher in crushing system is put into be crushed;
3) broken mixture passes through separation system, is divided into iron, copper aluminium mixture, plastics three parts, wherein iron enters Iron charge collector, plastics enter non-metal collection device;
4) copper aluminium mixture enters the grinder in grinding system grinding glomeration copper, alumina particles mixture;
5) spherical copper, the sorted system of alumina particles mixture are divided into copper, aluminium, and then, copper enters copper collector, aluminium enters aluminium Collector;
6) it completes.
Wherein, the dusty gas generated in crushing system, separation system, grinding system and separation system is collected into through pipeline Discharge after deduster processing is up to standard.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of electronic waste processing unit, which is characterized in that including set gradually crushing system, separation system, grinding system System and separation system,
The crushing system includes infeed belt conveyor one, crusher, cyclone separator one and discharging spiral conveyor, described The outlet of infeed belt conveyor one connects crusher, and the top air outlet of the crusher connects cyclone separator one, lower part Equipped with discharge gate, the bottom of crusher is equipped with discharge port, and the import of the discharging spiral conveyor is located below the discharge opening;
The separation system includes oscillating feeder, belt conveyor, magnetic separator, three outlet vibrating screens, rotary drum magnetic separator one, turns Drum magnetic separator two, current vortex sorting machine one and current vortex sorting machine two, the import of the oscillating feeder are located at discharging spiral transferring Below the outlet for sending machine, one end of the belt conveyor is located at below the outlet of oscillating feeder, three outlet of other end connection The import of vibrating screen;Three outlet vibrating screen is equipped with the outlet of bulk materials feed back, coarse fodder outlet and fine material outlet, described thick Material outlet connection rotary drum magnetic separator one, the fine material outlet connect rotary drum magnetic separator two;The rotary drum magnetic separator one and current vortex Sorting machine one connects, and the rotary drum magnetic separator two is connect with current vortex sorting machine two;
The grinding system includes feeding spiral conveyer, grinder and cyclone separator two, the feeding spiral conveyer One end connects current vortex sorting machine one and current vortex sorting machine two, and the other end connects grinder, the top outlet air of the grinder Mouth is connect with cyclone separator two, lower part is equipped with outlet;
The separation system includes infeed belt conveyor two, five separation vibrating sieve extension sets, screw(-type) feeder one, shaking table one, spiral shell Batcher two, shaking table two, screw(-type) feeder three, shaking table three, screw(-type) feeder four and shaking table four are revolved,
One end of the infeed belt conveyor two is located at below the outlet of grinder, and the other end is located at five separation vibrating sieve extension sets Import above,
Set the outlet of maximum sphere feed back on the five separation vibrating sieves extension set, remaining four outlets respectively with screw(-type) feeder one, One end connection of screw(-type) feeder two, screw(-type) feeder three, screw(-type) feeder four;The other end and shaking table one of screw(-type) feeder one Connection, the other end of screw(-type) feeder two are connect with shaking table two, and the other end of screw(-type) feeder three is connect with shaking table three, and spiral is given The other end of material machine four is connect with air-flow shaking table four.
2. a kind of electronic waste processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include dust collecting system, it is described Dust collecting system includes dust-precipitator, and the air outlet of the blast pipe of the dust-precipitator and cyclone separator one, cyclone separator two go out Air port is connected.
3. a kind of electronic waste processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shaking table one, shakes shaking table two The outlet of copper material and the outlet of aluminium material are respectively equipped on bed three and shaking table four.
4. a kind of electronic waste processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shaking table one, shakes shaking table two Bed three and shaking table four are air-flow shaking table.
CN201710053699.1A 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of electronic waste processing unit Active CN106734116B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710053699.1A CN106734116B (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of electronic waste processing unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710053699.1A CN106734116B (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of electronic waste processing unit

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106734116A CN106734116A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106734116B true CN106734116B (en) 2019-08-02

Family

ID=58941784

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710053699.1A Active CN106734116B (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of electronic waste processing unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106734116B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106824986B (en) * 2017-01-24 2019-06-21 杨生强 A kind of method of electronic waste pollution-free processing and resource utilization

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201385037Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2010-01-20 深圳市格林美高新技术股份有限公司 Device system for reforging plastic wooden products in glass-plastic-copper circulating mode through reclaiming discarded circuit boards
CN101474675B (en) * 2009-01-19 2011-01-05 深圳市格林美高新技术股份有限公司 Method for recycle of copper alloy from waste circuit board and cyclic reconstruction of powder metallurgical product as well as device system thereof
CN102671916B (en) * 2012-05-21 2014-05-28 宁波天地回珑再生资源科技有限公司 Recycling processing technology for waste circuit board
CN102962244B (en) * 2012-12-07 2015-07-08 桑德环境资源股份有限公司 Waste PCB (printed circuit board) crushing and sorting system
CN206483801U (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-09-12 杨生强 Electronic waste processing unit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106734116A (en) 2017-05-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106824986B (en) A kind of method of electronic waste pollution-free processing and resource utilization
CN105597915B (en) The wide dual Jie's whole coarse slime separating process of grade can be achieved in one kind
US20080295740A1 (en) Production of glass powder from waste glass, and products made using the same, especially concrete
CN102279552B (en) Method and device for recovering waste and old selenium drums
CN104690063B (en) Domestic garbage crushing method for separating
CN101716588A (en) Waste circuit board recovery system
CN103045777A (en) Dry processing technique for iron-containing steel slag
CN106903138A (en) Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique
CN102151684A (en) Process for treating and recycling waste motor
CN206483801U (en) Electronic waste processing unit
CN106734116B (en) A kind of electronic waste processing unit
CN102989598A (en) Method for separating fine powder from limestone
CN103100546A (en) Stainless steel slag dry and wet combination treatment process
CN203091402U (en) Household garbage integrated treatment carbon rod producing system
CN202460738U (en) Rough material regrinding device for producing slag micro powder
CN202516839U (en) Furnace slag treatment device
CN102151685B (en) Scrap metal recycling process
CN207138082U (en) Dry method building waste process for producing line
CN104138852A (en) Method for separating miscellaneous stone from talcum mine
CN209191063U (en) Plastic cleaning equipment
CN215743997U (en) Pretreatment device for electronic garbage
CN206184902U (en) Household refuse sorting equipment
CN109806959A (en) A kind of building waste processing system
CN104511356B (en) A kind of sandstone chopping sorting unit
CN107971223A (en) The copper aluminium separating treatment system and method for particulate matter pneumatic separator, lithium battery

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant