CN106726102A - Jet cryotherapy apparatus - Google Patents

Jet cryotherapy apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106726102A
CN106726102A CN201710025565.9A CN201710025565A CN106726102A CN 106726102 A CN106726102 A CN 106726102A CN 201710025565 A CN201710025565 A CN 201710025565A CN 106726102 A CN106726102 A CN 106726102A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flow passage
chamber
member
nozzle
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710025565.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨戈尔
轩连
孙美珍
王爽
柳江林
Original Assignee
镇江市宜尔医疗器械有限公司
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Priority to CN201710025565.9A priority Critical patent/CN106726102A/en
Publication of CN106726102A publication Critical patent/CN106726102A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M35/00Devices for applying, e.g. spreading, media, e.g. remedies, on the human body
    • A61M35/003Portable hand-held applicators having means for dispensing or spreading integral media
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F2007/0059Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with an open fluid circuit
    • A61F2007/0063Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with an open fluid circuit for cooling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/33Controlling, regulating or measuring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/04Skin

Abstract

The invention provides a jet cryotherapy apparatus and belongs to the technical field of medical instruments. The jet cryotherapy apparatus comprises a flow passage for delivering low-temperature fluid from a steel cylinder to a nozzle; an ejector pin mechanism for piercing seal film at the opening of the steel cylinder so that the low-temperature fluid in the steel cylinder is jetted into the flow passage under second jetting pressure; a stop valve configured to be capable of moving towards the nozzle along the flow passage under the action of second jetting pressure so that the flow passage is closed; a manually operable brake component allowing the stop valve to move away from the nozzle along the flow passage under the operational force of the brake component so that the flow passage is opened and the low-temperature fluid is jetted from the nozzle under the first jetting pressure. The jet cryotherapy apparatus is convenient to carry and simple and compact in structure; in addition, a user may jet low-temperature fluid just by simply operating the brake component and may control the dosage of the low-temperature fluid by adjusting the operation time of the brake component, and user experience is improved greatly.

Description

一种喷射冷疗装置 An injector cold therapy apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及医疗器械技术领域,特别是涉及一种喷射冷疗装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, particularly to a device for spraying cold therapy.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]喷射冷冻治疗是一种高效的低温疗法。 [0002] Cryosurgery is an efficient injection of cryogenic therapy. 治疗时,低温流体经特制的冷疗设备,即冷刀,以一定的高喷射压力作用在皮肤病灶处,使降温区域达至皮肤表面以下浅层组织。 Treatment, cold cryogenic fluid through a special treatment device, i.e. cold knife, a constant high injection pressure is applied to the skin lesions, to make the supercooling region below the surface of the skin superficial tissue. 喷射冷冻治疗可较长时间地维持病灶处于较低治疗温度,因此,与传统的接触冷冻治疗相比,其具有更好的效果,且副作用小,成本较低。 Injection cryotherapy lesions can be maintained for a long time at a low temperature treatment, and therefore, as compared with the conventional contact cryotherapy, with better results, and side effects, and low cost.

[0003]目前,喷射冷冻治疗在皮肤美容和宠物医疗等方面得到应用。 [0003] Currently, injection cryotherapy applied in skin care and medical care, pet. 但是该种治疗方法对所使用的治疗设备具有较高的要求。 However, such treatment methods treatment with high requirements for the equipment used. 现有的治疗设备均存在使用不方便、易损零部件较多、低温流体容易泄露和结构复杂等问题。 Existing treatment facilities are present inconvenient to use, more vulnerable parts, cryogenic fluid leak and easy to complex structures and other issues.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的一个目的是要提供一种喷射冷疗装置,以解决现有技术中的喷射冷疗装置结构复杂、低温流体容易泄露、易损零部件较多和使用不方便的问题。 [0004] An object of the present invention is to provide a device for spraying cold therapy, in order to solve the complex structure ejecting cold therapy apparatus of the prior art, the cryogenic fluid is easy to leak, many problems are inconvenient and vulnerable parts.

[0005] 本发明一个进一步的目的是要实现低温流体的可控喷射。 [0005] A further object of the present invention is to achieve a controlled jet of cryogenic fluid.

[0006] 本发明提供的喷射冷疗装置,用于将低温流体以第一喷射压力从喷嘴处喷出,包括: [0006] The injection device of the present invention to provide cold therapy for cryogenic fluid ejected from the nozzle at a first injection pressure, comprising:

[0007] 流动通道,其一端与装有低温流体的钢瓶相连通,另一端与所述喷嘴相连通,用于将所述低温流体从所述钢瓶处传输至所述喷嘴处; [0007] flow passage, and the cylinder having one end in communication with a cryogenic fluid, and the other end communicates with the nozzle for the cryogenic fluid from said cylinder to said nozzle at;

[0008] 设置在所述流动通道中的顶针机构,用于刺破所述钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜,以使得所述钢瓶内的所述低温流体以第二喷射压力喷入所述流动通道; [0008] positioned in the flow passage of the ejector mechanism for piercing a sealing membrane of the bottle at the cylinder, so that the cryogenic fluid in the cylinder at a second injection pressure is injected into the flow channel ;

[0009] 设置在所述流动通道中的截止阀,其构造成能够在所述第二喷射压力的作用下沿着所述流动通道朝着所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; Shut-off valve [0009] disposed in the flow passage, which is configured to be movable in the direction of the nozzle along said flow path under the action of the injection pressure of the second to close the flow passage;

[0010] 设置成接触或靠近所述截止阀的制动组件,所述制动组件是可手动操作的,以使得所述截止阀在所述制动组件的操作作用力下沿着所述流动通道朝着远离所述喷嘴的方向移动,以打开所述流动通道,使得所述低温流体以所述第一喷射压力从喷嘴处喷出。 [0010] disposed in contact with or near the cut-off valve of the brake assembly, the brake assembly is manually operated, so that the shut-off valve in the flow along the operating force of said brake assembly passage moves toward a direction away from the nozzle, to open the flow channel, so that the cryogenic fluid is ejected from the nozzle to the first injection pressure.

[0011] 进一步地,所述制动组件构造成在所述操作作用力消失时能够恢复至初始位置, 以使得所述截止阀在所述制动组件的操作作用力消失时能够沿着所述流动通道朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; [0011] Further, the brake assembly is configured to be able to resume operation when said force disappears to the initial position, so that the shut-off valve when the operating force of the brake assembly can move along the disappearance flow passage movable in a direction close to the nozzle to close the flow passage;

[0012] 其中,所述初始位置是在所述操作作用力作用之前的位置。 [0012] wherein, in the initial position is a position prior to the operation of the urging force.

[0013] 进一步地,所述喷射冷疗装置还包括: [0013] Furthermore, the injection device further cold therapy comprising:

[0014] 设置在所述流动通道中且与所述顶针机构相连接的第一支撑元件,其具有第一腔室,所述第一腔室与所述流动通道相连通; A first support member [0014] disposed in the flow passage and the ejector means are connected, having a first chamber, said first chamber communicating with said flow channel;

[0015] 设置在所述第一腔室内的第一复位元件,其构造成在所述流动通道被打开时,所述制动组件的操作作用力通过所述截止阀传递至所述第一复位元件,使得所述第一复位元件发生形变并处于压缩状态,且在所述制动组件的操作作用力消失时,所述第一复位元件能够带动所述截止阀朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; [0015] disposed in the first cavity of the first chamber of the reset member, which is configured in the flow passage is opened when the brake operating force by said shutoff valve assembly is transmitted to the first reset element, such that the first reset element is compressed and deformed state, and when the operation force of the brake assembly disappears, the first reset element can be driven toward a direction of the shutoff valve near the nozzle movable to close said flow channel;

[0016] 其中,所述截止阀设置在所述第一腔室内,并与所述第一复位元件相连接。 [0016] wherein said shut-off valve disposed in the first chamber, and is connected to the first reset element.

[0017] 进一步地,所述第一腔室具有一尺寸缩小的缩小部; [0017] Further, the first chamber having a reduced portion of a reduced size;

[0018] 所述截止阀具有靠近所述制动组件的第一端面,所述制动组件具有靠近所述截止阀的第二端面; [0018] The shut-off valve having a first end surface adjacent to the brake assembly, the brake assembly having a second end surface adjacent to the shut-off valve;

[0019] 其中,所述第一端面的尺寸稍小于所述第一腔室的尺寸,且不小于所述第二端面或所述缩小部的尺寸。 [0019] wherein said first end surface is slightly smaller than the size of the first chamber, or not less than the second end surface of the reduced size portion.

[0020] 进一步地,所述喷射冷疗装置还包括: [0020] Furthermore, the injection device further cold therapy comprising:

[0021] 设置在所述流动通道中且与所述第一支撑元件相连接的第二支撑元件,其具有第二腔室; [0021] positioned in the flow passage and a second support member and connected to the first support member having a second chamber;

[0022] 其中,所述制动组件设置在所述第二腔室内。 [0022] wherein said brake assembly disposed in said second chamber.

[0023] 进一步地,所述制动组件包括: [0023] Further, the brake assembly comprising:

[0024] 设置在所述第二腔室内的推动件,其包括第一端部和与所述第一端部相反的第二端部,所述第一端部设置成接触或靠近所述喷嘴,所述第二端部能够插设在所述第一腔室的所述缩小部内;和 [0024] The push member disposed in said second chamber including a second end opposite the first end and the first end portion, said first end portion disposed in contact with or close to the nozzle the said second end portion can be inserted in the first inner chamber portion is reduced; and

[0025] 可手动操作的制动件,其与所述推动件固定连接,以使得在所述操作作用力下带动所述推动件沿着所述缩小部向远离所述缩小部的所述第一腔室的方向移动,以推动所述截止阀在所述第一腔室内朝着远离所述喷嘴的方向移动,以打开所述流动通道。 [0025] The manually operable brake member, which is fixedly connected to the push member, so that the pushing drive in the operating force to the second portion narrowing away from the member along the reduced portion a moving direction of the chamber, to urge the shut-off valve moves toward the direction away from the nozzle in the first chamber, to open the flow passage.

[0026] 进一步地,所述推动件具有与所述第一腔室相连通的第一流道,所述第一流道构成所述流动通道的第一段; [0026] Further, the pushing member having a first flow passage and said first chamber communicating, the first flow passage constituting the flow channel of the first section;

[0027] 其中,所述推动件的所述第二端部处具有引流通道,所述引流通道用于在所述推动件沿着所述缩小部向远离所述缩小部的所述第一腔室的方向移动时,将从所述缩小部与所述截止阀的空隙处流入的所述低温流体引流至所述第一流道。 [0027] wherein the second end portion of the pushing member has a drainage channel, said drainage channel for the push member along said narrow portion away from the reduced portion of the first chamber when the moving direction of the chamber, said cryogenic fluid from the narrow portion of the gap at the cut-off valve flows into the first flow path of drainage.

[0028] 进一步地,所述第二支撑元件的表面处开设有限位孔,所述限位孔用于限定所述制动件的行程。 [0028] Further, a surface of the second support member defines a limiting hole, the aperture stop for defining the stroke of the brake member.

[0029] 进一步地,所述制动组件还包括: [0029] Furthermore, said brake assembly further comprises:

[0030] 设置在所述第二腔室内的第二复位元件,其一端与所述第二支撑元件相连接,另一端与所述制动件相连接; A second resetting element [0030] disposed in the second chamber, one end of which is connected to said second support member, the other end is connected to the brake member;

[0031] 其中,所述第二复位元件构造成在所述流动通道被打开时,所述制动件的操作作用力作用在所述第二复位元件,使得所述第二复位元件发生形变并处于压缩状态,且在所述制动件的操作作用力消失时,所述第二复位元件能够带动所述制动件朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道。 [0031] wherein the second member is configured to reset when the flow channel is opened, the brake operating force acts on said second member resetting element, such that the second return element to deform and in a compressed state, and upon operation of said brake member biasing force disappears, the second reset element can drive the braking member is moved toward a direction near the nozzle to close the flow passage.

[0032] 进一步地,所述顶针机构包括: [0032] Further, the ejector means comprises:

[0033] 针头,用于刺破所述钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜;和 [0033] needle, for piercing said sealing film finish at the cylinder; and

[0034] 与所述针头相连接的固定件,用于与在其内容纳有所述钢瓶的钢瓶套件的端部相连接,以固定所述针头; [0034] The fixing member is connected with said needle for the connecting end portion of the cylinder which houses a kit of the cylinder, to fix the needle;

[0035] 其中,所述固定件具有与所述第一腔室相连通的第二流道,所述第二流道构成所述流动通道的第二段; [0035] wherein said fixing member having a first chamber and said second flow path communicating the second flow passage constituting the flow channel of the second segment;

[0036] 其中,所述第一流道和所述第二流道通过所述第一腔室相连通,所述第一流道、所述第一腔室和所述第二流道一起构成所述流动通道; [0036] wherein said first flow path and the second flow passage by said first communicating chamber, the first flow passage, said first chamber and said second flow path configured with the flow passage;

[0037] 可选地,所述针头具有与所述第二流道相连通的第三流道,所述第三流道、所述第二流道、所述第一腔室和所述第一流道一起构成所述流动通道; [0037] Alternatively, the needle having a third flow passage communicating with the second flow passage, the third flow passage, the second flow passage, said first chamber and said second together form a flow channel of the flow channel;

[0038] 可选地,所述喷嘴具有与所述第一流道相连通的第四流道,所述第三流道、所述第二流道、所述第一腔室、所述第一流道和所述第四流道一起构成所述流动通道。 [0038] Alternatively, the nozzle having a first flow passage communicating with the fourth flow passage, the third flow passage, the second flow passage, said first chamber, said first flow and said fourth runner channel together form the flow passage.

[0039] 本发明的方案,由于钢瓶、顶针机构、截止阀、制动组件和喷嘴可以组装在一起,因此,该喷射冷疗装置携带方便,且结构简单紧凑。 [0039] The embodiment of the present invention, since the cylinder, needle mechanism, shutoff valve, a nozzle and brake assembly may be assembled together, and therefore, the ejection cold therapy apparatus easy to carry, compact and simple structure. 此外,在使用时,使用者仅需简单操作制动件即可实现低温流体的喷射,且可以通过调节制动件的操作时间来调控低温流体的剂量, 如此,极大提高了使用者的使用体验。 Further, in use, the user need only simple operation can realize the brake member cryogenic fluid injection, and may be regulated by adjusting the dose of cryogenic fluid operating time of the braking member, so greatly improves the user's using experience.

[0040] 根据本发明的方案,在钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜被刺破后,且在制动件没有被操作时, 低温流体便密封在第一腔室和顶针机构的流道内,只有在该制动件被操作时,低温流体才从第一腔室喷出,最终由喷嘴喷出并作用在皮肤病灶处。 [0040] The solution according to the present invention, in the cylinder after the sealing film is pierced at the finish, and when the brake member is not being operated, the cryogenic fluid will be sealed within the first chamber and the flow path of the needle mechanisms, only when the braking member is operated, only the cryogenic fluid discharged from the first chamber, and discharging the final role in skin lesions from the nozzle. 由此,由于通过截止阀将低温流体密封在一段流道通道内,而不是直接密封在钢瓶内,使得在制动件被操作时,低温流体是从该段流动通道喷出,而不是直接从钢瓶喷出,实现了低温流体的可控喷射。 Accordingly, since the cryogenic fluid shutoff valve sealing over a period of runner channels, rather than directly sealed in the cylinder, such that when the brake member is operated, the fluid is discharged from the cryogenic section of the flow passage, rather than directly from the cylinder discharge, to achieve a controllable ejecting cryogenic fluid.

[0041] 此外,由于钢瓶可以独立于其它机构单元,并可以制造成具有不同大小或型号,因此,在治疗时,可以根据病灶深度和治疗剂量要求,选用不同容积的钢瓶。 [0041] Further, since the cylinder mechanism may be independent of other units, and may be manufactured to have different size or type, and therefore, in the treatment, according to the depth of the lesion and the therapeutic dose required, the choice of cylinders of different volumes. 并且,本发明对钢瓶没有特殊要求,仅需常规钢瓶即可。 Further, the present invention is no special requirements on the cylinder, the cylinder can only routine.

[0042] 根据下文结合附图对本发明具体实施例的详细描述,本领域技术人员将会更加明了本发明的上述以及其他目的、优点和特征。 [0042] The accompanying drawings in conjunction with the detailed description of specific embodiments of the present invention Hereinafter, the present will become more apparent to those skilled above and other objects, advantages and features of the invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0043] 后文将参照附图以示例性而非限制性的方式详细描述本发明的一些具体实施例。 [0043] Hereinafter the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings in some exemplary and non-limiting embodiment of the present invention is described in detail. 附图中相同的附图标记标示了相同或类似的部件或部分。 In the drawings the same reference numerals designate the same or like parts or portions. 本领域技术人员应该理解,这些附图未必是按比例绘制的。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that these drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale. 附图中: In the drawings:

[0044] 图1是根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置在密封膜被刺破前和密封膜被刺破后的示意性剖视图; [0044] FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a jet cold therapy apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention before the sealing membrane is punctured, and the sealing film after being punctured;

[0045] 图2是图1所示喷射冷疗装置的推动件和截止阀相接触的接触位置的局部放大图; [0046]图3是根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置在密封膜被刺破后且制动件被操作后的示意性剖视图; [0045] FIG. 2 is a partial enlarged view of FIG contact position of the ejection pusher and cold therapy shutoff valve apparatus 1 shown in FIG contact; [0046] FIG. 3 is a sealing film ejecting a cold therapy apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention a schematic cross-sectional view after being operated and the brake member after being pierced;

[0047] 图4是根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置的使用方法的流程示意图。 [0047] FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a method of ejecting using cold therapy apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0048] 图1是根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置100在密封膜被刺破前和密封膜被刺破后的示意性剖视图。 [0048] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view after being punctured according to the puncturing before the sealing film is sealed and a film ejection cold therapy apparatus 100 of the present invention embodiment. 该喷射冷疗装置100用于将低温流体以第一喷射压力从喷嘴107处喷出,以使得将该低温流体作用在皮肤病灶处。 The cold therapy apparatus 100 for ejecting cryogenic fluid ejected from the ejection nozzle 107 to a first pressure, such that the cryogenic fluid in lesions of the skin. 如图1所示,该喷射冷疗装置100—般性可以包括钢瓶108。 1, the cold therapy apparatus 100 of the injection cylinder 108 may include a generality. 该钢瓶108可以是便于携带的小型高压钢瓶108,且其可以制成不同大小和/ 或型号。 The cylinder 108 may be a portable small-sized cylinder 108, and which may be made of different sizes and / or models. 在一个实施例中,钢瓶108的壁厚为2mm,且采用镍钢材料制成。 In one embodiment, the wall thickness of the cylinder 108 is 2mm, and the use of nickel steel material. 在钢瓶108内可以预充高压低温液态气体,且在瓶口处可以密封有密封膜。 In the cylinder 108 may be pre-charged high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas, and the bottle may be sealed in the sealing film. 该密封膜可以采用金属耐压薄膜制成。 The sealing film may be made of thin metal pressure-resistant. 可以理解的是,在制造时,该钢瓶108可以单独制造,不需与喷射冷疗装置loo的其它机构单元一起构造,仅需该钢瓶108可以与其它机构单元一起使用即可。 It will be appreciated that, during manufacture, the cylinder 108 may be manufactured separately, with other construction without the injection mechanism unit to loo cold therapy apparatus, only to the cylinder 108 may be used with other mechanism unit.

[0049] 如图1所示,为了使得该钢瓶108可以与其它机构单元适配,该喷射冷疗装置100还可以包括一钢瓶套件1〇9,用于装设该钢瓶1〇8。 [0049] As shown in Figure 1, in order to make the cylinder unit 108 may be adapted to other mechanisms, the ejection cold therapy apparatus 100 may further comprise a cylinder 1〇9 kit, for mounting the cylinder 1〇8. 该钢瓶套件1〇9的端部可以制造成能够与其它机构单元中与其相连接的机构单元适配。 An end portion of the cylinder may be fabricated to suite 1〇9 mechanism unit adapted thereto can be connected to other units in the mechanism. 在图1所示的实施例中,钢瓶套件109可以为与该钢瓶1〇8适配的钢瓶1〇8套筒。 In the embodiment illustrated in Figure 1, the cylinder 109 may be a kit with the cylinder adapted 1〇8 1〇8 cylinder sleeve. 该钢瓶1〇8可以嵌套在该钢瓶108套筒内,且该钢瓶108的尾部嵌套在该钢瓶108套筒的尾部,该钢瓶1〇8的瓶口靠近该钢瓶108套筒的端部。 An end portion of the cylinder 1〇8 can be nested within the cylinder sleeve 108, the cylinder 108 and a tail at the end of the nested cylinder sleeve 108, the cylinder adjacent the cylinder 1〇8 finish sleeve 108 . 为了方便将该钢瓶套件109与其它机构单元一起携带,该钢瓶套件109的端部具有螺纹结构,用于与其它机构单元螺纹连接。 In order to facilitate carrying the cylinder 109 together with other kit mechanism unit, an end portion of the cylinder 109 is threaded suite structure for connection with other units screw mechanism. 该钢瓶套件109制造成可以适配多种不同大小和/或型号的钢瓶1〇8, 也可以制造成一个钢瓶套件109仅适配一种大小和/或型号的钢瓶108。 Kits manufactured with the cylinder 109 can be adapted to a variety of different sizes and / or types of 1〇8 cylinders, cylinders may be manufactured as a kit adapted to only one size 109 and cylinder / or model 108. 可以理解的是,在制造时,该钢瓶套件109也可以单独制造,而不与钢瓶108—起构造,以使得在需要更换钢瓶108时,直接将已使用的钢瓶108更换为所需钢瓶108即可。 It will be appreciated that, at the time of manufacture, the kit cylinder 109 may be manufactured separately, and the cylinder rather than from 108- configured such that when the cylinder 108 needs to be replaced, directly cylinder 108 has been used to replace the required cylinder 108 i.e. can.

[0050] 可以理解的是,为了将该高压低温液态气体喷出至皮肤病灶处,该喷射冷疗装置100—般性还可以包括喷嘴107。 [0050] It will be appreciated that, in order to discharge the high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas to the skin lesions, as the injection of cold therapy apparatus 100 may further include a nozzle 107. 该喷嘴107可以包括第四流道1071和与该第四流道1071相连通的喷口。 The nozzle 107 may include a fourth flow channel 1071 and is connected to the fourth flow passage 1071 through the spout. 在一个实施例中,该第四流道1071的流道直径可以为2mm,喷口直径可以为0 • 1mm。 In one embodiment, the fourth flow channel diameter passage 1071 may be 2mm, nozzle diameter may be 0 • 1mm. 在其它实施例中,该喷口直径也可以为0.01-0.1mm中的任一直径。 In other embodiments, the orifice diameter may be of any of a diameter of 0.01-0.1mm.

[0051] 如图1所示,为了使得该高压低温液态气体从该钢瓶108可控地以第一喷射压力喷出至皮肤病灶处,该喷射冷疗装置100还可以包括流动通道、顶针机构101、截止阀102和制动组件103。 [0051] 1, so that this high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas 108 to controllably ejected from the first injection cylinder pressure to the skin lesions, cold therapy apparatus 100 may further include the injection flow channel, needle mechanism 101 , cut-off valve 102 and the brake assembly 103. 该流动通道的一端与装有该高压低温液态气体的钢瓶108相连通,另一端与该喷嘴107相连通,用于将高压低温液态气体从钢瓶108处传输至该喷嘴107处。 One end of the flow passage of the high pressure cryogenic liquid with the gas cylinder 108 in communication, and the other end communicates with the nozzle 107 for high pressure gas from a cryogenic liquid to the transfer cylinder 108 of the nozzle 107. 该顶针机构101设置在该流动通道中,用于刺破该钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜,以使得该钢瓶108内的高压低温液态气体以第二喷射压力喷入流动通道。 The needle mechanism 101 disposed in the flow passage, piercing a sealing membrane of the cylinder 1081 of the bottle, so that the high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas in the cylinder 108 at a second injection pressure is injected into the flow channel. 该截止阀102设置在该流动通道中,其构造成能够在第二喷射压力的作用下沿着流动通道朝着该喷嘴107的方向移动,以关闭该流动通道。 The shut-off valve 102 disposed in the flow passage, which is configured to be movable in the direction of the nozzle 107 along the flow path at a second action of the injection pressure, to close the flow passage. 该制动组件103设置成接触或靠近截止阀102,其是可手动操作的,以使得该截止阀102在该制动组件103的操作作用力下沿着该流动通道朝着远离该喷嘴107的方向移动,以打开该流动通道,使得高压低温液态气体以第一喷射压力从该喷嘴107处喷出。 The brake assembly 103 disposed in contact with or close to the cut-off valve 102, which is manually operated, so that the shut-off valve 102 facing away from the nozzle 107 along the flow path at the operating force of the brake assembly 103 direction, to open the flow passage, so that the high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas is ejected from the nozzle 107 at a first injection pressure.

[0052] 本发明的方案,由于钢瓶108、顶针机构101、截止阀102、制动组件103和喷嘴107可以组装在一起,因此,该喷射冷疗装置100携带方便,且结构简单紧凑。 [0052] The embodiment of the present invention, since the cylinder 108, needle mechanism 101, closing valves 102, brake assembly 103 and the nozzle 107 may be assembled together, and therefore, the ejection cold therapy apparatus 100 portable, compact and simple structure. 此外,在使用时,使用者仅需简单操作制动件1032即可实现低温流体的喷射,且可以通过调节制动件1032的操作时间来调控低温流体的剂量,如此,极大提高了使用者的使用体验。 Further, in use, the user need only simple operation can realize the brake member 1032 cryogenic fluid jet, and may be regulated by adjusting the dose of cryogenic fluid operating time stopper 1032, so greatly improves the user experience. 由于通过截止阀102将低温流体密封在一段流道通道内,而不是直接密封在钢瓶108内,使得在制动件1032被操作时,低温流体是从该段流动通道喷出,而不是直接从钢瓶108喷出,实现了低温流体的可控喷射。 Since the cutoff valve 102 through the cryogenic fluid is sealed within the channel section of the flow passage, rather than directly sealed in the cylinder 108, such that when the stopper 1032 is operated, the fluid is discharged from the cryogenic section of the flow passage, rather than directly from the cylinder 108 is ejected, to achieve a controllable ejecting cryogenic fluid. 此外,由于钢瓶108可以独立于其它机构单元,并可以制造成具有不同大小或型号,因此,在治疗时,可以根据病灶深度和治疗剂量要求,选用不同容积的钢瓶108。 Further, since the cylinder 108 may be other mechanisms independent units, and may be manufactured to have different size or type, and therefore, in the treatment, according to the depth of the lesion and the therapeutic dose requirements, use different volumes of the cylinder 108. 并且,本发明对钢瓶108没有特殊要求,仅需常规钢瓶108即可。 The present invention has no special requirements on the cylinder 108, the cylinder 108 can only conventional.

[0053] 为了使得使用者操作方便,且在没有操作力作用在制动件1032时能够及时关闭流动通道,以防止高压低温液态气体的泄漏。 [0053] In order to make easy, and the user does not operate the brake operating force acting member can be promptly close the flow passage 1032 in order to prevent leakage of high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas. 该制动组件103构造成在该操作作用力消失时能够恢复至初始位置,以使得该截止阀102在制动组件103的操作作用力消失时能够沿着该流动通道朝着靠近该喷嘴107的方向移动,以关闭该流动通道。 The brake assembly 103 is configured to be able to resume operation at the initial position to the urging force disappears, so that the shut-off valve 102 to close towards the nozzle 107 along the flow path when the operation force of the brake assembly 103 to disappear direction, to close the flow passage. 其中,初始位置是在该操作作用力作用之前该制动组件103所处的位置。 Wherein the initial position is a position at which the brake assembly 103 prior to the operation force action.

[0054] 如图1所示,该顶针机构101可以包括针头1011和与该针头1〇11相连的固定件1012。 [0054] 1, the needle mechanism 101 may comprise a needle 1011 and a fixing member connected to the needle 1〇11 1012. 该针头1011用于刺破该钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜。 The needle 1011 is used to pierce the sealing membrane 1081 of the cylinder finish. 该固定件1〇12与该钢瓶套件1〇9的端部螺纹连接,一方面用于固定该针头1011,另一方面用于通过该固定件1012和该钢瓶套件109的相对转动,使得该针头1011可以接触并刺破该钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜。 1〇12 the fixing member is connected to the end of the threaded cylinder 1〇9 the kit, the needle 1011 for fixing the one hand, on the other hand by the fixing member for rotation relative to the cylinder 1012 and the package 109, such that the needle 1011 may contact and pierce the sealing membrane of the cylinder 1081 finish. 可以理解的是,该固定件1012的表面具有与该钢瓶套件1〇9的端部螺纹相配合的螺纹。 It will be appreciated that the surface of the fixing member 1012 has a threaded portion cooperating with the threaded end of the cylinder 1〇9 kit. 此外,该钢瓶套件109的端部与该固定件1012的连接方式有多种,其中一种方式可以是该钢瓶套件1〇9的端部可以套设在该固定件1012的外部,此时,该钢瓶套件109的内表面具有螺纹,该固定件1012的外表面具有与该钢瓶套件109的内表面处的螺纹相配合的螺纹。 Further, the end portion of the cylinder 109 and the package is fixed to the connection member 1012. There are various ways one of which is an end portion of the cylinder sleeve may 1〇9 kit provided outside the fixing member 1012. In this case, the kit cylinder 109 has a threaded inner surface, an outer surface of the fixing member 1012 having threads cooperating with the threaded inner surface of the cylinder 109 kit. 另一种方式可以是该固定件1012可以套设在该钢瓶套件109的端部的外部,此时,该固定件1〇12的内表面具有螺纹,该钢瓶套件109的外表面具有与该固定件1012的内表面处的螺纹相配合的螺纹。 Another way that the fixing member 1012 may be provided at the outer end of sleeve portion 109 of the cylinder kit, in which case, the inner surface of the fixing member 1〇12 threaded outer surface of the cylinder 109 having a kit with the fixed mating threaded surface of the threaded inner member 1012. 在上述两种连接方式中,可以是旋转钢瓶套件1 〇9,使得针头1 〇11可以朝着该钢瓶瓶口1 〇81处的密封膜方向移动,直至听到有气体喷出的细微声响,可以确定该钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜被刺破。 In the above-described two connections, the kit may be a rotating cylinder 〇9 1, so that the needle 1 can move toward the sealing film 〇11 direction of the cylinder 1 at 〇81 finish, until you hear a slight discharge gas sound, the sealing film can be determined with the cylinder 1081 is punctured finish. 在图1所示的实施例中,该针头10H具有与装有高压低温液态气体的钢瓶108相连通的第三流道11。 In the embodiment illustrated in Figure 1, the needle equipped with a high-pressure cylinder having 10H cryogenic liquid gas is communicated 108 to the third flow channel 11. 该固定件1012具有与该第三流道11相连通的第二流道12。 The fixing member 1012 has a third flow path 11 communicating the second flow path 12. 如图1所示,该第三流道11位于针头1011的中心轴线处,该第二流道12位于该固定件1〇12的中心轴线处, 且该第二流道12和该第三流道11的直径基本上相等。 The third flow passage 11 is located at the center axis of the needle 1011 shown in Figure 1, the second flow passage 12 is located at the center axis of the fixing member 1〇12, and the second flow passage 12 and the third flow substantially equal to the diameter of the channel 11. 在一个实施例中,该第二流道12和该第三流道11的直径可以为1mm。 In one embodiment, the diameter of the second flow passage 12 and the third flow channel 11 may be 1mm.

[0055] 如图1所示,为了使得该高压低温液态气体可以顺利可控地从流动通道喷射至喷嘴107处,该喷射冷疗装置100还可以包括第一支撑元件1〇4和第二支撑元件106。 [0055] 1, so that this high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas can be controllably ejected smoothly from the flow channel to the nozzle 107, the ejecting cold therapy apparatus 100 may further include a first support and a second support member 1〇4 element 106. 该第一支撑元件104设置在流动通道中且与顶针机构101相连接,其具有第一腔室1041,该第一腔室1041与第二流道12相连通。 The first support member 104 is provided in the flow channel and connected to the ejector mechanism 101, having a first chamber 1041, 1041 of the first chamber 12 communicates with the second flow path. 该第一支撑元件104用于支撑设置在该第一腔室1041内的器件。 The first support member 104 for supporting means disposed within the first chamber 1041. 该第二支撑元件106设置在流动通道中且与第一支撑元件104相连接,其具有第二腔室。 The second support member 106 is provided in the flow channel and connected to the first support member 104 having a second chamber. 该第二支撑元件106还与喷嘴107相连接,用于支撑设置在该第二腔室内的制动组件103。 The second support member 106 is also connected to the nozzle 107, is provided for supporting the second chamber 103 of the brake assembly. 其中,该第一腔室1041和该第二腔室相连通。 Wherein the first chamber and the second chamber 1041 communicates.

[0056] 该第一腔室1041具有一尺寸缩小的缩小部1042,该缩小部1042靠近该第二腔室。 [0056] The first chamber 1041 having a reduced size portion 1042 is reduced, the reduced portion 1042 adjacent the second chamber. 该第一腔室1041内设置有该截止阀102。 The shut-off valve 102 is provided within the first chamber 1041. 为了使得截止阀102在制动组件103的操作作用力消失时可以沿着该流动通道朝着靠近该喷嘴107的方向移动,如图1所示,该第一腔室1041 内还可以设置第一复位元件105。 In order to make the cutoff valve 102 during operation of the brake assembly 103, the biasing force can disappear towards the direction toward the nozzle 107 moves along the flow path, shown in Figure 1, within the first chamber 1041 may be provided a first element 105 is reset. 该第一复位元件105与该截止阀102相连,该第一复位元件105—直处于被压缩的状态,在该第一复位元件105的作用力下,该截止阀102—直位于第一腔室1041内并靠近缩小部1042的位置。 The first return element 105 is connected to the shut-off valve 102, the first return element 105- straight in a compressed state, the urging force of the first return element 105, the shut-off valve located in the first chamber straight 102- the narrow portion 1041 and a position close to 1042. 并且,该第一复位元件105构造成在该流动通道被打开时,该制动组件103的操作作用力通过该截止阀1〇2传递至该第一复位元件105,使得该第一复位元件105被进一步压缩变形,且在该制动组件1〇3的操作作用力消失时,该第一复位元件105能够带动该截止阀102朝着靠近该喷嘴1〇7的方向移动,以关闭该流动通道。 Further, the first member 105 is configured to reset when the flow channel is opened, the operating force of the brake assembly 103 is transmitted to the first element 105 is reset by the 1〇2 shut-off valve, so that the first return element 105 It is further compressed and deformed, and when the operation force of the brake assembly 1〇3 disappeared, the first return element 105 can be driven off valve 102 moves toward the direction of the nozzle close to the 1〇7, to close the flow passage . 在一个实施例中,该第一复位元件105可以是弹簧。 In one embodiment, the first reset element 105 may be a spring.

[0057] 如图1所示,该制动组件103包括推动件1〇31和制动件1032。 [0057] As shown in FIG. 1, the brake assembly 103 comprises a pushing member and the braking member 1〇31 1032. 该推动件1031设置在第二腔室内,其包括第一端部21和与该第一端部21相反的第二端部22,该第一端部21设置成接触或靠近该喷嘴107,该第二端部22能够插设在该第一腔室1041的该缩小部1042内。 The urging member 1031 provided in the second chamber, which comprises a portion 21 and a second end opposite the first end portion 21 and the first end portion 22, the first end portion 21 provided in contact with or near the nozzle 107, the the second end portion 22 can be interposed within the first chamber of the narrow portion of 10,421,041. 该制动件1032是可手动操作的,其与该推动件1031固定连接,以使得在该操作作用力下带动该推动件1031沿着该缩小部1042向远离该缩小部1042的该第一腔室1041的方向移动,以推动该截止阀102在该第一腔室1041内朝着远离该喷嘴1〇7的方向移动,以打开该流动通道。 The stopper 1032 is manually operated, the pushing member 1031 which is fixedly connected to drive the pushing member such that in the operating force away from the first chamber 1031 to the narrow portion 1042 along the narrow portion 1042 the direction of movement of chamber 1041, to push the shut-off valve 102 in the first chamber away from the nozzle 1041 toward 1〇7 movement, to open the flow passage. 为了使得该截止阀1〇2在该第一腔室1〇41内朝着远离该喷嘴107的方向移动时,能够打开该流动通道,需要满足以下条件:该截止阀1〇2设置在非缩小部1〇42的第一腔室1041内,且该截止阀102具有靠近该推动件1031的第一端面,该推动件1031具有靠近该截止阀102的第二端面,其中,该第一端面的尺寸稍小于该第一腔室1〇41的尺寸,且不小于该第二端面的尺寸,该第二端面的尺寸基本上等于缩小部1〇42的尺寸。 In order to make this shut-off valve in the 1〇2 1〇41 first chamber facing away from the direction of movement of the nozzle 107, it is possible to open the flow passage, the following is required: reduction of the shut-off valve is provided in the non-1〇2 the first portion of the chamber 1〇42 1041, and the shut-off valve 102 having a first end proximate the pusher 1031, the pushing member near the second end 1031 having a cut-off valve 102, wherein the first end surface size slightly smaller than the first chamber 1〇41, and is not smaller than the size of the second end, the second end surface is substantially equal to the size of the reduced size portion 1〇42. 在图1所示的实施例中,可以看出,该截止阀102的截面高度稍小于该缩小部1042的截面高度,且大于该推动件1031的截面高度。 In the embodiment illustrated in Figure 1, it can be seen, the shut-off valve 102 is slightly smaller than the cross-sectional height of the reduced cross-sectional height portion 1042, and a height greater than the cross section of the urging member 1031. 此外,图2示出了图1所示喷射冷疗装置1〇〇的推动件1031和截止阀102相接触的接触位置的局部放大图。 In addition, FIG. 2 shows a partial enlarged view of the cut-off of 1031 and a contact position in contact with the valve 102 shown in FIG ejection pusher cold therapy apparatus of 1〇〇. 图3示出了根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置在密封膜被刺破后且制动件被操作后的示意性剖视图。 FIG. 3 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the injection operation is a cold therapy apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention and the brake member after the sealing film is punctured. 如图2和图3所示,为了使得该推动件1〇31在将截止阀1〇2向远离缩小部1042的方向推动时,该高压低温液态气体能够沿着该缩小部1〇42与该截止阀102 的空隙处流出至推动件1031处,该推动件1031具有与该第一腔室1041相连通的第一流道23,且该推动件1031的第二端部22处具有引流通道24。 2 and FIG. 3, in order to make the pushing member when the pushing 1〇31 the direction away from the narrow portion of the shut-off valve 1〇2 1042, the high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas to the narrow portion along the 1〇42 gap at the cut-off valve 102 flows out to the pusher 1031, the pushing member 1031 having the first cavity 1041 of the first flow passage 23 communicates, and the pushing member at the second end portion 1031 has a drainage channel 22 24. 该第一流道23—端与喷嘴107相连通,另一端与该引流通道24相连通。 23- first flow passage end of the nozzle 107 communicating with the other end communicates with the drain passage 24. 该引流通道24—端与该第一流道23相连通,另一端与该第一腔室1041相连通。 24- The end of the drainage channel and the first flow passage 23 communicates, and the other end connected to the first chamber through 1041. 该引流通道24用于在该推动件1031沿着该缩小部1042向远离该缩小部1042的第一腔室1041的方向移动时,将从该缩小部1042与该截止阀1 〇2的空隙处流入的高压低温液态气体引流至该第一流道23。 When the moving direction of the drain passage 24 for the pushing member away from the first chamber 1031 to 1041 along the reduced portion 1042 of the reduced portion 1042, portion 1042 from the narrow gap at the cut-off valve 1 is 〇2 high-pressure low-temperature liquid gas flowing into the first flow passage 23 and drainage.

[0058]如图1所示,为了使得该制动组件103可以在该操作作用力消失时恢复至初始位置,该制动组件103还可以包括第二复位元件。 [0058] 1, so that the brake assembly 103 to be restored when the operation force to the initial position disappears, the brake assembly 103 may further comprise a second reset element. 该第二复位元件一端与该第二支撑元件106 相连接,另一端与该制动件1032相连接。 One end of the second reset element is connected to the second support member 106, and the other end connected to the brake member 1032. 该第二复位元件构造成在该流动通道被打开时,该制动件1032的操作作用力作用在该第二复位元件,使得该第二复位元件发生形变并处于压缩状态,且在该制动件1032的操作作用力消失时,该第二复位元件能够带动该制动件1032 朝着靠近该喷嘴107的方向移动,以关闭该流动通道。 The second element is configured to reset when the flow channel is opened, the operation of the braking force acts on the second member 1032 is reset member, such that the second return element is compressed and deformed state, and the brake when the operating force disappears member 1032, the second return element can drive the braking member 1032 moves toward the direction approaching the nozzle 107, to close the flow passage. 此外,为了限制制动件1032的行程,可以在第二支撑元件106的表面处开设限位孔1061。 Further, in order to limit the stroke of the brake member 1032, 1061 may be limiting hole at a surface of the second support member 106.

[0059] 在图1至图3所示的实施例中,该第三流道11、第二流道12、第一腔室1041、第一流道23和第四流道1071—起构成该流动通道。 [0059] In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 to 3 shown, the third flow path 11, second flow path 12, a first chamber 1041, the first flow passage and the fourth flow passage 23 constituting the flow from 1071- aisle. 此外,为了进一步实现低温流体的可控喷射,该第一腔室1041内还可以设置压件201。 Further, in order to further achieve a controllable ejecting cryogenic fluid, the first chamber 1041 may also be provided with the compression member 201. 该压件201 —端连接第一复位元件105,另一端靠近或接触顶针机构101。 The pressing member 201 - terminals of the first reset element 105, the other end 101 approaches or contacts the needle mechanism. 该压件201是中空的,该中空结构形成第五流道2011,该第五流道2011的尺寸小于第一腔室1041的尺寸。 The pressing member 201 is hollow, the hollow structure forms a fifth flow path 2011, the fifth flow path 2011 is smaller than the size of the size of the first chamber 1041. 通过设置该压件201,相当于延长了从钢瓶108到截止阀102 的距离,同时由于第五流道2011的设置降低了低温流体的流动速率,因此,能够更加精准地控制低温流体的流量。 By providing the pressing member 201, to extend from the cylinder 108 equivalent to the distance 102 of the shut-off valve, and since the fifth flow channel 2011 reduces the flow rate of the cryogenic fluid, it is possible to more accurately control the flow of cryogenic fluid. 此时,按照第三流道11、第二流道12、第五流道2011、第一腔室1041、 第一流道23和第四流道1071的顺序一起构成该流动通道。 In this case, according to the third flow path 11, second flow path 12, a fifth flow channel 2011, a first chamber 1041, the order of the first flow passage and the fourth flow passage 23 together constitute the 1071 flow channels. 并且,为了防止低温流体泄漏,可以在第一腔室1041内设置密封圈,截止阀102在第一腔室1041内移动时可以接触到该密封圈。 In order to prevent leakage of the cryogenic fluid, the seal ring may be disposed within the first chamber 1041, cut-off valve 102 in the first chamber 1041 may be in contact to the sealing ring moves.

[0060] 结合上述图1至图3的实施例的喷射冷疗装置100,其包括三种状态,分别为钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜被刺破的瞬间的状态、密封膜被刺破后制动件1032被操作后的状态和制动件1032的操作作用力消失时的状态。 After spraying cold therapy apparatus [0060] Example embodiments described above in conjunction with FIGS. 1 to 3 100, which includes three states, namely a sealing film bottle cylinder 1081 is punctured transient state, the sealing membrane is punctured a state when the stopper 1032 disappears after the operation state of the operation member and the braking force of 1032. 可以理解的是,图1中虽然是一幅图,但是其包括两种状态,即钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜被刺破前和被刺破后的状态。 It will be appreciated that, although FIG. 1 is a drawing, but including two states, i.e. a state before and after being punctured puncture the sealing film of the cylinder bottle 1081. 这是由于在这两种状态下,只是截止阀102位置的细微变化,这种细微变化,在图中没有反应出。 This is because in both the state just cut valve 102 subtle changes position, this subtle change, not in the reaction shown in FIG.

[0061]如图1所示,该钢瓶瓶口1081处的密封膜被刺破的瞬间的状态的原理为:随着该钢瓶套件109的旋转,针头1 〇11接触并刺破密封膜,钢瓶1 〇8内的低温流体以第二喷射压力顺序喷入第三流道11、第二流道12、第五流道2011和第一腔室1041,使得设置在第一腔室1041 内的截止阀102迅速地被顶至紧贴缩小部1〇42的第一腔室1041处,在一个实施例中,由于截止阀1〇2的第一端面不属于刚性材料,从而使得低温流体能够被密封在第三流道11、第二流道12、第五流道2011和第一腔室1041内。 [0061] 1, the principle of the punctured state of the moment the cylinder spout sealing film 1081 is as follows: With the rotation of the cylinder 109 of the package, and pin contact 1 〇11 puncture sealing film cylinder 1 〇8 cryogenic fluid in the second pressure sequence is injected into the third injection flow channel 11, the second flow path 12, a fifth flow passage 2011 and the first chamber 1041, so that the cut-off disposed in the first chamber 1041 valve 102 is rapidly reduced close to the top of the first chamber portion 1〇42 1041, in one embodiment, since the end surface of the first shut-off valve is not 1〇2 rigid material, so that the cryogenic fluid can be sealed in the third flow path 11, second flow path 12, a fifth flow passage 2011 and the first chamber 1041.

[0062]如图3所示,该密封膜被刺破后制动件1032被操作后的状态的原理为:在该制动件1032被推动时,其带动推动件1031向远离喷嘴107的方向移动,该推动件1031随之带动截止阀102沿着第一腔室1041向着远离喷嘴107的方向移动,使得密封在第三流道11、第二流道12、第五流道2011和第一腔室1041内的低温流体从缩小部1042与截止阀102的空隙处喷入推动件1031的引流通道对,进而顺序喷入第一流道23和第四流道1071,并由该喷嘴107的喷口处以第一喷射压力喷出。 Principle [0062] As shown, the sealing film after puncture state after the brake operating member 1032 is 3: When the stopper 1032 is pushed, the pusher 1031 which drives a direction away from the nozzle 107 move, driven by the pushing member 1031 along a first shutoff valve 102 along the chamber 1041 toward a direction moving away from the nozzle 107, such that the seal in the third flow channel 11, 12, a fifth flow channel and the second flow path 2011 of the first cryogenic fluid within the chamber 1041 from the gap at the narrow portion 1042 and the shut-off valve 102 is injected into the drainage channel of the pushing member 1031, and then sequentially injected into the first flow passage and the fourth flow passage 23 1071 by the nozzle 107 of the nozzle at a first injection pressure discharge. 其中,可以通过调节制动件1032的操作时间来调控低温流体的剂量。 Wherein the dose of the cryogenic fluid may be regulated by adjusting the operation time of the brake member 1032.

[0063]制动件1032的操作作用力消失时的状态的原理为:当作用在制动件1032处的操作作用力消失时,该制动件1032在第二复位元件的作用力下朝着靠近喷嘴107的方向移动,以恢复至初始位置,此时,截止阀102在第一复位元件105的作用力下朝着靠近缩小部1042的方向移动,以将低温流体继续密封在第三流道11、第二流道12、第五流道2011和第一腔室1041 内。 State when the operating principle of force [0063] disappearance stopper 1032: 1032 when the acting force of the brake operation member disappears, the brake member 1032 toward the second reset element under the force of the direction of movement near the nozzle 107, to restore to its original position, this time, the cutoff valve 102 under the force of the reset element 105 towards a first direction toward the narrow portion 1042 moves to a low temperature fluid continues to seal the third flow channel 11, the second flow path 12, a fifth flow passage 2011 and the first chamber 1041.

[0064] 图4示出了根据本发明一个实施例的喷射冷疗装置的使用方法的流程示意图。 [0064] FIG. 4 shows a schematic flowchart of a method of using a jet of cold therapy apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention. 特别地,如图4所示,本发明还提供一种上述喷射冷疗装置的使用方法,包括如下步骤: In particular, as shown in FIG. 4, the present invention also provides a method described above using a jet of cold therapy apparatus, comprising the steps of:

[0065] S100、根据皮肤病灶区域的大小和深浅,选择合适大小和/或型号的钢瓶以及与该钢瓶配套的钢瓶套件; [0065] S100, depending on the size and depth of a skin lesion area, select an appropriate size and / or type of cylinders and the cylinder supporting cylinder kit;

[0066] S200、旋转钢瓶套件,以使得顶针机构刺破钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜,并将低温流体密封在第三流道、第二流道、第五流道和第一腔室内; [0066] S200, the rotation cylinder kit, so that the needle mechanism to pierce the sealing film cylinder at a bottle, and the cryogenic fluid sealing in a third flow passage, the second flow passage, the fifth flow channel and the first chamber;

[0067] S300、按压制动件,以推动截止阀沿着第一腔室向着远离喷嘴的方向移动,以使得低温流体以第一喷射压力从喷嘴处喷出; [0067] S300, the brake pressing member, to push the shut-off valve in the direction away from the nozzle moves along the first chamber, so that the first cryogenic fluid is ejected from the nozzle ejection pressure;

[0068] S400、松开制动件,以使得截止阀在第一复位元件的作用力下朝着靠近缩小部的方向移动,以将低温流体继续密封在第三流道、第二流道、第五流道和第一腔室内。 [0068] S400, the brake release member, so that the shut-off valve under the force of a first return element toward the direction narrowed portion moves closer to the cryogenic fluid continues to seal a third flow passage, the second flow path, The fifth channel and the first chamber.

[0069] 为精确地将低温流体喷射在病灶区域,而不对周边正常组织造成损伤,需要在治疗过程中反复按压和松开制动件。 [0069] To accurately cryogenic fluid ejection lesion area, without damaging the surrounding normal tissue, needs to repeatedly press and release the brake member during treatment. 本发明中的喷射冷疗装置能平稳且迅速地实现钢瓶内的高压低温流体的喷射和停止喷射,而按压和松开制动件的实施方式也充分考虑了使用者的使用体验,便于操作。 In the present invention, cold therapy ejecting means can be implemented smoothly and rapidly stop the high pressure injection and the cryogenic fluid injection in the cylinder, pressed and embodiments of the brake release member and taking into account experience of a user, easy to operate. _ _

[0070] 至此,本领域技术人员应认识到,虽然本文已详尽示出和描述了本发明的多个示例性实施例,但是,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的情况下,仍可根据本发明公开的内容直接确定或推导出符合本发明原理的许多其他变型或修改。 [0070] Thus, the skilled artisan will recognize that although in detail herein, have been shown and described, a plurality of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, however, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, still according to the present SUMMARY disclosed determined directly or derived numerous other variations or modifications consistent with the principles of the present invention. 因此,本发明的范围应被理解和认定为覆盖了所有这些其他变型或修改。 Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be recognized and understood to cover all such variations or modifications other.

Claims (10)

1. 一种喷射冷疗装置,用于将低温流体以第一喷射压力从喷嘴处喷出,包括: 流动通道,其一端与装有低温流体的钢瓶相连通,另一端与所述喷嘴相连通,用于将所述低温流体从所述钢瓶处传输至所述喷嘴处; 设置在所述流动通道中的顶针机构,用于刺破所述钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜,以使得所述钢瓶内的所述低温流体以第二喷射压力喷入所述流动通道; 设置在所述流动通道中的截止阀,其构造成能够在所述第二喷射压力的作用下沿着所述流动通道朝着所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; 设置成接触或靠近所述截止阀的制动组件,所述制动组件是可手动操作的,以使得所述截止阀在所述制动组件的操作作用力下沿着所述流动通道朝着远离所述喷嘴的方向移动,以打开所述流动通道,使得所述低温流体以所述第一喷射压力从喷嘴处喷出。 A cold therapy ejection means for ejecting the cryogenic fluid at a first pressure ejected from the nozzle, comprising: a flow channel, and the cylinder having one end in communication with a cryogenic fluid, and the other end communicating with the nozzle for the cryogenic fluid from said cylinder to said nozzle at; needle mechanism disposed in the flow passage, the sealing film for piercing the bottle at the cylinder so that the cylinder the cryogenic fluid in the second injection pressure is injected into the flow passage; shutoff valve disposed in the flow passage, which is configured to be along the flow passage towards the action of the injection pressure of the second the direction of the nozzle to close the flow passage; disposed in contact with or close to the cut-off valve brake assembly, said brake assembly is manually operated, so that the shut-off valve in the system the operation force of the movable assembly moves toward a direction away from said nozzle along said flow path, said flow path to open, so that the cryogenic fluid is ejected from the nozzle to the first injection pressure.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述制动组件构造成在所述操作作用力消失时能够恢复至初始位置,以使得所述截止阀在所述制动组件的操作作用力消失时能够沿着所述流动通道朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; 其中,所述初始位置是在所述操作作用力作用之前的位置。 The cold therapy ejection apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said brake assembly is configured to be restored to the original position when the operation force disappears, so that the shut-off valve in the brake assembly can be close to the operation force disappears towards the flow passage along the direction of movement of the nozzle to close the flow passage; wherein the initial position is a position prior to the operation of the urging force.
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,还包括: 设置在所述流动通道中且与所述顶针机构相连接的第一支撑元件,其具有第一腔室, 所述第一腔室与所述流动通道相连通; 设置在所述第一腔室内的第一复位元件,其构造成在所述流动通道被打开时,所述制动组件的操作作用力通过所述截止阀传递至所述第一复位元件,使得所述第一复位元件发生形变并处于压缩状态,且在所述制动组件的操作作用力消失时,所述第一复位元件能够带动所述截止阀朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; 其中,所述截止阀设置在所述第一腔室内,并与所述第一复位元件相连接。 The injection or cold therapy apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, further comprising: a first support member disposed in the flow passage and the ejector means are connected, having a first chamber, the said first chamber communicating with said flow channel; provided in the operation force of the first chamber of the first reset element, which is configured to be opened when the flow channel, said brake assembly by the said shut-off valve is transmitted to the first reset member, such that the first reset element is compressed and deformed state, and when the operation force of the brake assembly disappears, the first reset element can be driven by the shut-off valve is moved toward a direction near the nozzle to close the flow path; wherein said shut-off valve disposed in the first chamber, and is connected to the first reset element.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述第一腔室具有一尺寸缩小的缩小部; 所述截止阀具有靠近所述制动组件的第一端面,所述制动组件具有靠近所述截止阀的第二端面; 其中,所述第一端面的尺寸稍小于所述第一腔室的尺寸,且不小于所述第二端面或所述缩小部的尺寸。 4. The ejection cold therapy apparatus according to claim 3, wherein said first chamber has a reduced size reduction portion; said shutoff valve having a first end surface adjacent to the brake assembly, the brake assembly has a second end adjacent to the shut-off valve; wherein, said first end surface is slightly smaller than the size of the size of the first chamber, or not less than the second end surface of the reduced size portion.
5. 根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,还包括: 设置在所述流动通道中且与所述第一支撑元件相连接的第二支撑元件,其具有第二腔室; 其中,所述制动组件设置在所述第二腔室内。 The cold therapy ejection apparatus according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein, further comprises: a second support member disposed in the flow passage and the first support member are connected, with a second chamber; wherein said brake assembly disposed in said second chamber.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述制动组件包括: 设置在所述第二腔室内的推动件,其包括第一端部和与所述第一端部相反的第二端部,所述第一端部设置成接触或靠近所述喷嘴,所述第二端部能够插设在所述第一腔室的所述缩小部内;和可手动操作的制动件,其与所述推动件固定连接,以使得在所述操作作用力下带动所述推动件沿着所述缩小部向远离所述缩小部的所述第一腔室的方向移动,以推动所述截止阀在所述第一腔室内朝着远离所述喷嘴的方向移动,以打开所述流动通道。 The ejection of the cold therapy apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein said brake assembly comprising: a second chamber disposed in the push member comprising a first end and opposite the first end portion a second end, said first end portion disposed in contact with or close to the nozzle, the second end portion can be inserted within said first chamber, said narrowed portion; and a manually operable brake member, which is fixedly connected with the pushing member, so that the driven member moves along the pushing direction away from the narrow portion of the reduced portion of the first chamber in the operating force to push the shut-off valve moves toward the direction away from the nozzle in the first chamber, to open the flow passage.
7. 根据权利要求6所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述推动件具有与所述第一腔室相连通的第一流道,所述第一流道构成所述流动通道的第一段; 其中,所述推动件的所述第二端部处具有引'流通道,所述弓丨'流通道^用于在所述推动件沿着所述缩小部向远离所述缩小部的所述第一腔室的方向移动时,将从所述缩小部与所述截止阀的空隙处流入的低温流体引流至所述第一流道。 7. The injection of the cold therapy apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said pushing member having a first section with a first flow passage communicating said first chamber, said first flow passage constituting the flow passage; wherein the said pushing member having a second end portion of the primers 'flow channel, said bow Shu' ^ for the flow channel member along the narrow portion away from the reduced portion of the pusher when the moving direction of the first chamber, the first flow path from the narrow portion of the cryogenic fluid void at the shut-off valve to the drainage flows.
8. 根据权利要求5-7中任一项所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述第二支撑元件的表面处开设有限位孔,所述限位孔用于限定所述制动件的行程。 The cold therapy ejection apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 5-7, wherein a surface of said second support member defines a limiting hole, the aperture stop for defining said brake member stroke.
9. 根据权利要求8所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述制动组件还包括: 设置在所述第二腔室内的第二复位元件,其一端与所述第二支撑元件相连接,另一端与所述制动件相连接; 其中,所述第二复位元件构造成在所述'流动通道被打开时,所述制动件的操作作用力作用在所述第二复位元件,使得所述第二复位元件发生形变并处于压缩状态,且在所述制动件的操作作用力消失时,所述第二复位元件能够带动所述制动件朝着靠近所述喷嘴的方向移动,以关闭所述流动通道; 可选地,所述第二复位兀件是弹簧。 9. The injection of the cold therapy apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said brake assembly further comprising: a second cavity disposed in the second chamber resetting element, one end of which is connected to said second support member, the other end is connected to the brake member; wherein the second element is configured to reset when the 'flow channels are opened, the brake operating force acts on said second member resetting element, such that the second reset element is compressed and deformed state, and when the operation force of the brake member disappears, the second reset element can drive the braking member is moved toward a direction near the nozzle, to close the flow passage; alternatively, the second member is a spring reset Wu.
10. 根据权利要求5-9中任一项所述的喷射冷疗装置,其中,所述顶针机构包括: 针头,用于刺破所述钢瓶瓶口处的密封膜;和与所述针头相连接的固定件,用于与容纳有所述钢瓶的钢瓶套件的端部相连接,以固定所述针头; 其中,所述固定件具有与所述第一腔室相连通的第二流道,所述第二流道构成所述流动通道的第二段; 其中,所述第一流道和所述第二流道通过所述第一腔室相连通,所述第一流道、所述第一腔室和所述第二流道一起构成所述流动通道; 可选地,所述针头具有与所述第二流道相连通的第三流道,所述第三流道、所述第二流道、所述第一腔室和所述第一流道一起构成所述流动通道; 可选地,所述喷嘴具有与所述第一流道相连通的第四流道,所述第三流道、所述第二流道、所述第一腔室、所述第一流道和所述第四流道一起构成所述流 As claimed in any one of claims 5-9 ejecting cold therapy apparatus, wherein the ejector mechanism comprises: a needle, for piercing said sealing film finish at the cylinder; and said needle relative a fixed member connected to an end portion of the cylinder containing the cylinder is connected to the kit, to fix the needle; wherein said fixing member having a first chamber and said second flow path in communication, the second section of the second flow passage constituting a flow path; wherein said first flow path and the second flow passage by said first communicating chamber, the first flow passage, said first chamber and the second flow passage constituting the flow channel together; alternatively, the needle having a third flow passage communicating with the second flow passage, the third flow passage, the second flow passage, said first chamber and said first flow passage constituting the flow passage together; alternatively, the nozzle having a first flow passage communicating with the fourth flow passage, the third flow passage the second flow passage, said first chamber, said first flow passage and the fourth flow passage of said stream together comprise 动通道。 Moving passage.
CN201710025565.9A 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Jet cryotherapy apparatus CN106726102A (en)

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