CN106721875A - A kind of food cleaning processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of food cleaning processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106721875A
CN106721875A CN201611265088.5A CN201611265088A CN106721875A CN 106721875 A CN106721875 A CN 106721875A CN 201611265088 A CN201611265088 A CN 201611265088A CN 106721875 A CN106721875 A CN 106721875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrouding
bearing plate
sterilized
cylinder
sterilized cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611265088.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106721875B (en
Inventor
周长义
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Zhouyi Food Co Ltd
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Chongqing Zhouyi Food Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611265088.5A priority Critical patent/CN106721875B/en
Publication of CN106721875A publication Critical patent/CN106721875A/en
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Publication of CN106721875B publication Critical patent/CN106721875B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L3/00Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs
    • A23L3/10Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by heating materials in packages which are not progressively transported through the apparatus
    • A23L3/14Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by heating materials in packages which are not progressively transported through the apparatus with packages moving on the spot
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of food cleaning processing unit, it is related to the equipment that sterilization is carried out to food;Including sterilized cylinder, vaporium, delivery section and elevating mechanism, sterilized cylinder is vertically arranged, heater and temperature sensor are provided with the top of sterilized cylinder, shrouding and bearing plate are slidably connected in sterilization tube body, taper hole on shrouding, the frustum matched with taper hole is slidably connected on shrouding, and is provided with the drawstring that one end is connected with frustum, the other end is connected with sterilized cylinder top;Elevating mechanism is connected with bearing plate, and support column is provided with bearing plate;The bottom of sterilized cylinder is provided with the charging aperture and discharging opening being oppositely arranged, and conveyer belt includes feeder and discharging portion;The upper end of sterilized cylinder is provided with air inlet, and the vaporium is connected by air inlet with sterilized cylinder, and Pneumatic valve is provided with vaporium, and the opening and closing of Pneumatic valve is by the Stress control in sterilization tube body.The device can improve the utilization ratio of steam heat.

Description

A kind of food cleaning processing unit
Technical field
A kind of equipment the present invention relates to carry out sterilization to food, and in particular to food cleaning processing unit.
Background technology
Sterilization mode majority now is all that the material that is sterilized in sealed packed food is placed in high-pressure bottle and adopts Sterilization is carried out with the mode of high temperature, to eliminate the object bacteria being sterilized in material, extension effective period of food quality is reached, is beneficial to expansion The purpose of big sales range.
High temperature sterilization is mainly carried out in sterilization kettle, and its sterilization process is that food is put into sterilization kettle, is then shut off killing Bacterium kettle and to being passed through high-temperature steam in sterilization kettle, and sterilization kettle is pressurized, make in sterilization kettle in high-temperature high-pressure state, pressurize A period of time can take out food.When taking out food, to ensure safety, need first to lower the temperature sterilization kettle, condense steam, Then the pressure reduction in sterilization kettle, then can open sterilization kettle and take out food.
From the foregoing, after sterilizing kettle in sterilization, after the steam in sterilization kettle still has surplus heat, therefore sterilization terminates, directly will Steam condensation in sterilization kettle so that the utilization rate of heat energy is relatively low.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of heat utilization rate food cleaning processing unit high.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, base case of the invention is as follows:
Food cleaning processing unit includes sterilized cylinder, vaporium, and also including delivery section and elevating mechanism, the sterilized cylinder is erected It is straight to set, heater and temperature sensor are provided with the top of the sterilized cylinder, slidably connected in sterilization tube body shrouding and Bearing plate, shrouding be located at bearing plate top, the shrouding be provided with lower end more than upper end taper hole, slidably connected on shrouding with The frustum of taper hole matching, and it is provided with the drawstring that one end is connected with frustum, the other end is connected with sterilized cylinder top;Elevating mechanism with Bearing plate is connected, and by elevating mechanism bearing plate can be made to be slided up and down in sterilization tube body, and support column is provided with bearing plate; The bottom of the sterilized cylinder is provided with the charging aperture and discharging opening being oppositely arranged, and the conveyer belt includes feeder and discharging portion, Feeder is corresponding with charging aperture, and discharging portion is corresponding with discharging opening;The upper end of the sterilized cylinder is provided with air inlet, the vaporium Connected with sterilized cylinder by air inlet, Pneumatic valve is provided with vaporium, the opening and closing of Pneumatic valve is by the pressure control in sterilization tube body System.
The principle of this programme food cleaning processing unit is:
Sterilized food will be needed to be positioned in delivery section, then food will in delivery section continuative transport.When elevating mechanism makes load-bearing When plate is moved down, shrouding will be moved down together with bearing plate under gravity, then shrouding superjacent air space gradually increases, and pressure is gradually Reduce, therefore steam between shrouding and bearing plate enters shrouding top by taper hole;After drawstring is stretched, then shrouding can not Continuing to move down, because drawstring is connected with frustum, therefore under gravity, frustum coordinates with taper hole, so that the top of shrouding Space and lower space are isolated by shrouding, therefore steam is isolated in shrouding superjacent air space.Before drawstring is stretched, shrouding top The pressure in space is gradually reduced, and because in sterilization process, some vapor will be condensed after being contacted with food, therefore work as air pressure During less than preset value, Pneumatic valve is opened, and vaporium will be to supplementing steam in sterilization tube body.
After shrouding stops moving down, bearing plate will continue to move down, until bearing plate is displaced downwardly to charging aperture and discharging opening lower section; Under the mutual squeezing action of food, food will be on bearing plate, then making to be moved on bearing plate by elevating mechanism.Work as load-bearing After support column on plate is contacted with shrouding, bearing plate will promote shrouding one ibid to move, then frustum departs from taper hole and coordinates, on shrouding Side space is connected with shrouding underlying space.During being moved on bearing plate is continuous, shrouding top steam enters shrouding by taper hole Underlying space.Moved with bearing plate, the pressure of bearing plate superjacent air space will also be continuously increased.Heater is added to steam Heat, and temperature is detected by temperature sensor, to maintain the high temperature of steam;So that food is in high temperature, high pressure In sterilized environment.
In this programme, when bearing plate is in charging aperture and discharging opening top, the support column on bearing plate is just de- with shrouding From such that it is able to prevent cool exterior air from passing through the space that charging aperture and discharging opening enter above shrouding, making shrouding shrouding top The temperature reduction in space.
This programme produce beneficial effect be:
(One)When bearing plate is moved down, the steam between shrouding and bearing plate will be into shrouding superjacent air space, so as to prevent high temperature Steam leaks, and steam is utilized by sterilization next time;Steam is set to condense to reduce pressure without by cooling simultaneously Power, therefore the utilization rate of steam thermal energy can be improved.
(Two)The mobile change space size that this programme passes through bearing plate, can be pressurized and be depressured with F.F. scanning frequency;So that can So that food quickly enters bactericidal nature, and reduction of blood pressure in high-speed, food can be taken out rapidly.
Preferred scheme one:Used as the further optimization to base case, the upper end of the sterilized cylinder is provided with removably Closure, after pulling down closure, can overhaul to the top of sterilized cylinder.
Preferred scheme two:Used as the further optimization to preferred scheme one, the bearing plate is provided with roll shaft, consequently facilitating Food slips into bearing plate and skids off bearing plate.
Preferred scheme three:Used as the further optimization to preferred scheme two, the bottom of the sterilized cylinder is provided with cooling water Circulating line, it is external that cooling water circulation spiral pipeline is wound in sterilization tube.When in bearing plate folding process, food will be by killing Cooling water circulation pipeline below bacterium cylinder body, so as to can lower the temperature to food, instant food is easy to manually remove from after discharging opening discharge Fortune.
Preferred scheme four:Used as the further optimization to preferred scheme three, the sterilized cylinder lower end is provided with linked switch, Linked switch is electrically connected with delivery section, and bearing plate pushes linked switch, then linked switch will control delivery section operation, such that it is able to Make delivery section more intelligent, prevent food to be accumulated at charging aperture.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of food cleaning processing unit embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Sterilized cylinder 10, bearing plate 11, support 111, roll shaft 112, shrouding 12, Frustum 121, drawstring 122, heating wire 13, closure 14, cooling water circulation pipeline 15, vaporium 16, Pneumatic valve 161, charging aperture 17th, discharging opening 18, linked switch 19, feeder 21, discharging portion 22, hydraulic jack 30.
Embodiment is substantially as shown in Figure 1:
The food cleaning processing unit of the present embodiment includes sterilized cylinder 10, vaporium 16, delivery section and elevating mechanism, sterilization tube Body 10 is vertically arranged, and the top of sterilized cylinder 10 is provided with heater and temperature sensor, and the heater of this programme includes electricity Heated filament 13 and controller, temperature sensor and heating wire 13 are electrically connected with the controller, and temperature is carried out by temperature sensor Detection, and controller is fed data back to, so as to be regulated and controled to heating wire 13 by controller.The company of slip in sterilized cylinder 10 Shrouding 12 and bearing plate 11 are connected to, shrouding 12 is located at the top of bearing plate 11, and shrouding 12 is provided with cone of three lower ends more than upper end Hole, slidably connects the frustum 121 matched with taper hole on shrouding 12, and be provided with one end be connected with frustum 121, the other end with it is sterilized The drawstring 122 of the top of cylinder 10 connection.Elevating mechanism is connected with bearing plate 11, and bearing plate 11 can be made in sterilization by elevating mechanism Slided up and down in cylinder 10, the elevating mechanism of this programme uses hydraulic jack 30.Support column, support column are provided with bearing plate 11 After shrouding 12 can be held up, so that shrouding 12 forms food loading space with bearing plate 11, the bottom of sterilized cylinder 10 is provided with relatively The charging aperture 17 and discharging opening 18 of setting, conveyer belt include feeder 21 and discharging portion 22, and feeder 21 and discharging portion 22 are adopted With conveyer belt, feeder 21 is corresponding with charging aperture 17, and discharging portion 22 is corresponding with discharging opening 18;In addition, can be suitable for the ease of food Profit is slipped on bearing plate 11, and bearing plate 11 is provided with some roll shafts 112.The upper end of sterilized cylinder 10 is provided with air inlet, vaporium 16 are connected by air inlet with sterilized cylinder 10, and Pneumatic valve 161 is provided with vaporium 16, and the opening and closing of Pneumatic valve 161 is by sterilization tube Stress control in body 10;When the pressure of sterilized cylinder 10 is less than preset value, vaporium 16 will be supplemented in sterilized cylinder 10 Steam.
Overhauled for the ease of the top to sterilized cylinder 10, the upper end of sterilized cylinder 10 is provided with closure 14, sealed Lid 14 is hinged on the upper end of sterilized cylinder 10, and closure 14 can be fixed with sterilized cylinder 10 by bolt.Sterilized cylinder 10 Bottom is provided with cooling water circulation pipeline 15, and cooling water circulation pipeline 15 is helically wound around outside sterilized cylinder 10, when under bearing plate 11 During shifting, food will pass through the cooling water circulation pipeline 15 of the sterilized lower section of cylinder 10, so as to can lower the temperature to food.
The lower end of sterilized cylinder 10 is provided with linked switch 19, and linked switch 19 is electrically connected with delivery section;After bearing plate 11 is moved down Will top pressure linked switch 19 so that linked switch 19 is turned on, delivery section operation;When bearing plate 11 departs from linked switch 19 Afterwards, linked switch 19 is closed, and delivery section is out of service.
Sterilized food will be needed to be positioned in delivery section, then food will in delivery section continuative transport.When elevating mechanism makes When bearing plate 11 is moved down, shrouding 12 will be moved down together with bearing plate 11 under gravity, then the superjacent air space of shrouding 12 is gradually Increase, pressure is gradually reduced, therefore steam between shrouding 12 and bearing plate 11 enters the top of shrouding 12 by taper hole;Work as drawstring After 122 stretch, then shrouding 12 can not continue to move down, because drawstring 122 is connected with frustum 121, therefore under gravity, Frustum 121 coordinates with taper hole, so that the superjacent air space and lower space of shrouding 12 are isolated by shrouding 12, therefore steam is isolated in The superjacent air space of shrouding 12.Before drawstring 122 is stretched, the pressure of the superjacent air space of shrouding 12 is gradually reduced, and due to sterilized Cheng Zhong, some vapor will be condensed after being contacted with food, therefore when air pressure is less than preset value, Pneumatic valve 161 is opened, vaporium 16 will be to supplementing steam in sterilized cylinder 10.And before drawstring 122 is stretched, bearing plate 11 is still in charging aperture 17 and discharging opening 18 Top, such that it is able to prevent, cool exterior air from passing through charging aperture 17 and discharging opening 18 enters the space of the top of shrouding 12.
After shrouding 12 stops moving down, bearing plate 11 will continue to move down, until bearing plate 11 is displaced downwardly to charging aperture 17 and goes out The lower section of material mouth 18;Under the mutual squeezing action of food, then food will make load-bearing on bearing plate 11 by elevating mechanism Moved on plate 11.After the support column on bearing plate 11 is contacted with shrouding 12, bearing plate 11 will promote shrouding 12 1 ibid to move, then bore Platform 121 departs from taper hole and coordinates, and the superjacent air space of shrouding 12 is connected with the underlying space of shrouding 12.Journey is moved past on bearing plate 11 is continuous In, the top steam of shrouding 12 enters the underlying space of shrouding 12 by taper hole.Moved with bearing plate 11, the superjacent air space of bearing plate 11 Pressure will also be continuously increased.Heater is heated to steam, and temperature is detected by temperature sensor, to tie up Hold the high temperature of steam;So that food is in high temperature, the sterilized environment of high pressure.
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic is not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It should be pointed out that for a person skilled in the art, on the premise of structure of the present invention is not departed from, can be with Some deformations and improvement are made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are implemented all without the influence present invention Effect and practical applicability.This application claims protection domain should be defined by the content of its claim, in specification Specific embodiment etc. records the content that can be used for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of food cleaning processing unit, including sterilized cylinder, vaporium, it is characterised in that also including delivery section and lifting Mechanism, the sterilized cylinder is vertically arranged, and heater and temperature sensor, sterilized cylinder are provided with the top of the sterilized cylinder Shrouding and bearing plate are inside slidably connected, shrouding is located at bearing plate top, and the shrouding is provided with taper hole of the lower end more than upper end, The frustum matched with taper hole is slidably connected on shrouding, and is provided with one end and be connected with frustum, the other end connects with sterilized cylinder top The drawstring for connecing;Elevating mechanism is connected with bearing plate, by elevating mechanism bearing plate can be made to be slided up and down in sterilization tube body, and hold Support column is provided with weight plate;The bottom of the sterilized cylinder is provided with the charging aperture and discharging opening being oppositely arranged, the conveyer belt Including feeder and discharging portion, feeder is corresponding with charging aperture, and discharging portion is corresponding with discharging opening;The upper end of the sterilized cylinder sets Have an air inlet, the vaporium is connected by air inlet with sterilization cylinder, be provided with Pneumatic valve in vaporium, the opening and closing of Pneumatic valve by Stress control in sterilization tube body.
2. food cleaning processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the upper end of the sterilized cylinder is provided with can The closure of dismounting.
3. food cleaning processing unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the bearing plate is provided with roll shaft.
4. food cleaning processing unit according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the bottom of the sterilized cylinder is provided with cold But water circulating pipe, it is external that cooling water circulation spiral pipeline is wound in sterilization tube.
5. food cleaning processing unit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the sterilized cylinder lower end is provided with linkage Switch, linked switch is electrically connected with delivery section.
CN201611265088.5A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Food cleaning device Active CN106721875B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611265088.5A CN106721875B (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Food cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611265088.5A CN106721875B (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Food cleaning device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106721875A true CN106721875A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106721875B CN106721875B (en) 2020-06-02

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110141175A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-20 九阳股份有限公司 A kind of magma machine cleaning method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351907A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 何隆涛 Scraper type high-viscosity fluid food sterilizer
CN105901469A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-31 江苏楷益智能科技有限公司 Continuous food sterilization device

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351907A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 何隆涛 Scraper type high-viscosity fluid food sterilizer
CN105901469A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-31 江苏楷益智能科技有限公司 Continuous food sterilization device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110141175A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-20 九阳股份有限公司 A kind of magma machine cleaning method
CN110141175B (en) * 2019-06-04 2021-09-10 九阳股份有限公司 Cleaning method of raw stock machine

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