CN106720461A - A kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method - Google Patents

A kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106720461A
CN106720461A CN201611024684.4A CN201611024684A CN106720461A CN 106720461 A CN106720461 A CN 106720461A CN 201611024684 A CN201611024684 A CN 201611024684A CN 106720461 A CN106720461 A CN 106720461A
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China
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oil
linseed
ready
mixed oil
mixed
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CN201611024684.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪元颖
刘冰
岳宝
温馨
王宇晓
李茉
彭郁
王坤立
陈小松
耿娜
韩倩云
郭梦迪
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中国农业大学
河北爱度生物科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201611024684.4A priority Critical patent/CN106720461A/en
Publication of CN106720461A publication Critical patent/CN106720461A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23DEDIBLE OILS OR FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS
    • A23D9/00Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils
    • A23D9/007Other edible oils or fats, e.g. shortenings, cooking oils characterised by ingredients other than fatty acid triglycerides

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method.The linseed ready-mixed oil is made up of linseed oil and safflower seed oil;The mass percent composition of the linseed ready-mixed oil is as follows:Linseed oil 71%~79%;The safflower seed oil of surplus;The mass percent composition of the linseed ready-mixed oil is concretely:Linseed oil 74.82%;Safflower seed oil 25.18%.The linseed oil and the safflower seed oil are mixed, it is agitated uniformly to obtain final product linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention.Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention has the effect of reduction blood fat, can maintain blood fat in reduced levels.Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention has the function of reducing blood sugar.Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention can suppress the incidence of tumour (such as breast cancer).The present invention 1:The advantage of 1 linseed ready-mixed oil is, its allocating technology is simple, strong operability, and can mix required ready-mixed oil with the grease of less kind, needed for meeting the life of people.

Description

A kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method, belong to edible oil processing technique field.
Background technology
The aliphatic acid contained in edible oil is divided into saturated fatty acid (saturated fatty acid, SFA), single unsaturation Aliphatic acid (monounsaturated fatty acid, MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (polyunsaturated fatty Acid, PUFA), wherein, the alpha-linolenic acid of ω -3 series in PUFAs and the linoleic acid of ω -6 series are fat necessary to human body Acid, it is necessary to which, by food supply, it is primarily present in vegetable fat.
Ready-mixed oil is according to using needs, two or more refined greases (except flavor oil) are allocated in proportion and is made Edible oil.Ready-mixed oil is primary raw material typically from purified soyabean oil, rapeseed oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil, cottonseed oil etc., It is also provided with the extraordinary grease such as rice bran oil, maize germ, camellia seed oil, safflower seed oil, wheat germ oil for refining.Ready-mixed oil root The features such as according to its cost and purposes, generally can be divided into nutrient blend oil, economic ready-mixed oil, local flavor ready-mixed oil, frying mixed oil and The major class of high-end ready-mixed oil five.
The defect of single variety edible oil and fat trophic function unreasonable structure can be made up because of ready-mixed oil, and with satisfaction The characteristics of different consumer group's demands, increasingly liked by consumer, had become the favorite food of in the market consumer With one of oil product.
Currently, with the popularization of knowledge and constantly delivering for achievement in research, intake of the compatriots for PUFAs, care is not It is minimum intake level, but suitable intake and optimal proportion.
Suitable intake (AI) is the average nutrient intake that certain healthy population is able to maintain that good nutrition state, it It is to study the data for obtaining rather than individual observation or experiment by colony.Suitable intake is mainly used for as individual , when healthy individuals intake reaches suitable intake, there is the danger of nutritional deficiency very in the target of body nutrient intake It is small《DRIs checks handbook quickly》The PUFAs Dietary reference intakes of recommendation are as shown in table 1:
Chinese residents dietary fatty acid Dietary reference intakes (DRIs) of table 1
The not specified reference value persons of a are represented with "-".
B%E is the percentage for accounting for energy.
C is arachidonic acid.
d DHA.
For compatriots be concerned about from meals absorb PUFAs optimal proportion, scientists conduct extensive research and Report, is present than larger arguement.Many researchers are drawn a conclusion by the experiment to small white mouse, it is believed that ω -6/ ω -3 ratios exist (1.0~7.0):It is advisable between 1.Some statistics show, the absorption ratio of ω -6/ ω -3, the drink of the developed country such as America and Europe Ratio is about (10-11) in food:1, Japanese (1985) ratio is 3.3:1, Dane (1986) is 3.5:1, Ace base The people that rubs (1986) is 0.33:1.ω -6/ ω -3 recommendations that Countries and tissue are proposed are as shown in table 2.
ω -6/ ω -3PUFAs the recommendations that the Countries of table 2 and tissue are proposed
Because habits and customs are difficult to change for the moment, Chinese residents still have that fat intake is excessive, China city City, rural area dietary fat intake are respectively daily 85.6g, 72.6g, have substantially exceeded China's meals recommended amounts of 25g.And In city, the average dietary fatty acid intake in rural area and the whole nation, the ratio of ω -6 and ω -3PUFAs is respectively 9.58:1、9.17: 1 and 9.21:1, the standard of Chinese Soclety of Nutrition's proposition is not met, especially general lack of ω -3PUFAs.Accordingly, it is desirable to provide The ratio of a kind of ω -6 and ω -3PUFAs is close to 1:1 new ready-mixed oil.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid content nearly 1:1 linseed ready-mixed oil, the present invention The characteristics of alpha-linolenic acid content high with reference to linseed oil, and the universal not enough present situation of compatriots' intake ω -3 series fatty acids, with Linseed oil is main material, safflower seed oil allotment higher with linoleic acid content, obtain a kind of ω -3 series fatty acids content high, The ready-mixed oil of PUFA reasonable mixture ratios, helps Chinese residents to reach the optimal absorption ratio of aliphatic acid.
Linseed ready-mixed oil provided by the present invention, it is made up of linseed oil and safflower seed oil.
The mass percent composition of the linseed ready-mixed oil is as follows:
Linseed oil 71%~79%;
The safflower seed oil of surplus.
The mass percent of the linseed ready-mixed oil is constituted:
Linseed oil 71.08%~78.56%;
The safflower seed oil of surplus.
Further, the mass percent composition of the linseed ready-mixed oil is as follows:
Linseed oil 74%~75%;
Safflower seed oil 25%~26%.
Further, the mass percent composition of the linseed ready-mixed oil is as follows:
Linseed oil 74.82%;
Safflower seed oil 25.18%.
It is 41.5% according to the content of alpha-linolenic acid in the linseed oil in the linseed ready-mixed oil of above-mentioned mass ratio, Linoleic content is 15.50%, and the content of alpha-linolenic acid is 0.15% in safflower seed oil, and linoleic content is 77.40% Calculate, alpha-linolenic acid in the linseed ready-mixed oil:Linoleic acid nearly 1:1, i.e. ω -6PUFAs:ω -3PUFAs are close to 1:1.
The weight/mass percentage composition of essential fatty acid can be 61.41%~62.95% in the linseed ready-mixed oil, specifically may be used It is 62.17%.
The linseed oil and the safflower seed oil are mixed, it is agitated uniformly to obtain final product linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention.
Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention has the effect of reduction blood fat, can maintain blood fat in reduced levels.
Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention has the function of reducing blood sugar.
Linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention can suppress the incidence of tumour (such as breast cancer).
The present invention 1:The advantage of 1 linseed ready-mixed oil is that its allocating technology is simple, strong operability, and uses less product Kind grease can mix required ready-mixed oil, needed for meeting the life of people.
Specific embodiment
Experimental technique used in following embodiments is conventional method unless otherwise specified.
Material used, reagent etc. in following embodiments, unless otherwise specified, commercially obtain.
Embodiment 1, preparation 1:1 linseed ready-mixed oil
Linseed oil:Hebei Ai Du biotech inc provides.
Safflower seed oil:The happy profit safflower seed oil of purchase China Oil and Food Import and Export Corporation of supermarket.
Constituted using the aliphatic acid of gas phase-MS (GC-MS) detection linseed oil safflower seed oil, specific steps are such as Under:
First by methyl esterification of fatty acid, specific method is that grease (linseed oil safflower seed oil) is placed under Nitrogen evaporator to be blown to Liquid level is no longer reduced, and after adding 0.4mol/L potassium hydroxide methanol solution 3mL, concussion to mix, is placed in 65 DEG C of water-baths, is being filled The lower water-bath 15min of nitrogen protection, completes saponification, is subsequently adding 3mL's 14% (volumetric concentration of quality, m/v, mg/ml) BF3- methanol solution, continues to react 3min.After the completion of reaction, centrifuge tube is taken out from water-bath, add 2mL n-hexanes, 2mL Saturated nacl aqueous solution, acutely shakes 10s after covering tightly, stand 10min, upper strata organic solution is drawn after being layered and is centrifuged in 5mL Guan Zhong, 10 times of dilution is filtered with 0.45 μm of organic system filter membrane to dilution afterwards, takes the μ L of filtrate sample introduction 1, and each sample is repeated 3 times.
Analytical conditions for gas chromatography is as follows:
Chromatographic column:DB-WAX capillary columns (30m × 0.25mm, 0.25 μm);
Carrier gas:He, purity >=99.999%;
Heating schedule:140 DEG C of holding 2min, then rise to 220 DEG C with the speed of 20 DEG C/min, then with 4 DEG C/min speed 240 DEG C are risen to, 9min is kept.Injector temperature:230 DEG C, do not shunt.
The μ L of sample size 1.
Mass Spectrometry Conditions are as follows:
Ionization mode:EI;
Electron bombardment energy:70eV;
Interface temperature:250℃;
Ion source temperature:230℃;
Level Four bar (ion hydrazine) temperature:150℃;
Mass scan range:40.00-450.00amu;
The solvent delay time:6min.
Result is calculated:Data processing software preliminary treatment data are carried using GC-MS systems, integration draws peak area, root According to total retention time and ion stream peak area, usable area normalization method is (with reference to 2005 editions《Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China》It is attached The area normalization method of record VI E is detected) carry out quantitative analysis and obtain all kinds of aliphatic acid percentage contents in sample.Wherein:
Linseed oil:Alpha-linolenic acid percentage composition is 41.50%, and linoleic acid percentage composition is 15.50%;
Safflower seed oil:Alpha-linolenic acid percentage composition is 0.15%, and linoleic acid percentage composition is 77.40%;
By both greases according to linseed oil:Safflower seed oil=74.82%:25.18% mass ratio mixing, you can Obtain alpha-linolenic acid:Linoleic acid=1:1, i.e. ω -6:ω -3=1:1 and contain the ready-mixed oil of 62.17% essential fatty acid Finished product.
Influence of the linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention to blood fat:
Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid in PUFAs play the role of to adjust blood fat well, but PUFAs different ratio pair The influence result of blood fat is different.Masana et al. (Masana L, Camprubi M, Sarda P, et al.The Mediterranean-type diet:is there a need for further modification[J].American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,1991,53(4):Result of study 886-9.) shows, the PUFA of ratios: SFA has a preferable lipid-lowering effect, therefore former scholar is in real work, also commonly uses PUFA:SFA values are a kind of as evaluating Food, the especially index of oil product nutritive value, it is believed that PUFA:SFA values are higher, and nutritive value is higher.But Mata et al. (Mata P,Alonso R,Lopezfarre A,et al.Effect of dietary fat saturation on LDL oxidation and monocyte adhesion to human endothelial cells in vitro.[J] .Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis&Vascular Biology,1996,16(11):1347-55.) send out under study for action It is existing, the diet rich in PUFAs can reduce the level of HDL-C (HDL-C), Kratz et al. (Kratz M, Cullen P,Kannenberg F,et al.Effects of dietary fatty acids on the composition and oxidizability of low-density lipoprotein.[J].European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,2002,56(1):72-81) also have been reported that and find the oxidation rate of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and containing for PUFAs Amount is proportionate, i.e., the Excess free enthalpy of PUFAs can also increase atherosclerosis, the risk of coronary heart disease.
From this, the intake of PUFAs is not The more the better, and will be together with other kinds of aliphatic acid according to suitable ratio Example intake.Metabolism disorder of blood lipid is the important mechanisms of atherogenesis, by change the ratio of aliphatic acid in meals come Improve metabolism disorder of blood lipid, be likely to become the effective ways of atherosclerosis preventing and treating.(Guo Yan, Su Yi perfume are different for Guo Yan et al. Fatty acid compositions compare experimental study [J] Journals of Nutrition of lipid of mice influence, 2004,26 (01):Difference 5-8.) is carried out Fatty acid compositions compare the experimental study of lipid of mice influence, as a result show, SFA:MUFA:PUFA is 1:1.7:When 1.2, ω- 6/ ω -3 is in (1~5):1 can maintain blood fat in reduced levels;If Fatty acid compositions ratio is 1:1:When 1, needed for the relatively low blood fat of maintenance ω -6/ ω -3 be 1:1.
Influence of the linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention to blood sugar:
PUFAs concentration mainly by increasing the activity of insulin to reduce blood sugar.Storlien(Storlien L H, Kriketosd A D,Calvert G D,et al.Fatty acids,triglycerides and syndromes of insulin resistance.[J].Prostaglandins Leukotrienes&Essential Fatty Acids, 1997,57(4-5):379-385.) research finds:Compared with ω -6PUFAs, ω -3PUFAs can more make insulin keep higher Sensitiveness, so as to play stronger function of blood sugar reduction.Happy praising waits people (happy good quiet, Li Zhanjun, the gloomy seal oils ω -3 of Xu Kang quietly Blood sugar reducing function research [J] the Chinese Clinicals pharmacology and treatment of polyunsaturated fatty acid to insulin-resistant diabetes rat Learn, 2005,10 (03):321-325.) using insulin-resistant diabetes rat model from In vivo study seal oil ω- The effect that is hypoglycemic and increasing insulin sensitivity of 3PUFAs, result of study shows:Seal oil ω -3UFAs blood sugar reducing functions are non- Chang Mingxian, while sensitiveness of the body to insulin can be strengthened, can also reduce resistance of the body to insulin.Tower Na et al. is inquired into Influence of the linoleic acid to gestational diabetes Rat Placenta adiponectin gene expression level, as a result shows:Linoleic acid can improve The glycolipid metabolism of gestational diabetes rat, reduces blood sugar level.The achievement in research of stone seedling madder et al. also indicates that PUFAs has Certain hypoglycemic effect.And Budohoski et al. (Budohoski L, Panczenko-Kresowska B, Langfort J,et al.Effects of saturated and polyunsaturated fat enriched diet on the skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in young rats.[J].Journal of Physiology& Pharmacology An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society,1993,44 (4):Research 391-8.) is thought:When PUFAs heating loads account for total amount of heat 30% in food, Rat muscle tissue is to insulin Sensitiveness significantly improve, grape it is glycoxidative utilization and Glycogen synthesis also substantially increase.
As can be seen here, although a certain class PUFA has certain hypoglycemic effect, PUFAs but is excessively taken in simply and is unfavorable for Glycometabolism, internal PUFA levels are raised for a long time can also cause insulin sensitivity to decline.In many cases ω -6 and ω - 3PUFAs functionally mutually coordinated restrictions, the vital movement of common regulation organism, including the regulation to blood sugar concentration.Therefore Hypoglycemic effect for PUFAs, will also focus on the ratio of all kinds of aliphatic acid in PUFAs, and a point concrete condition is treated.
Influence of the linseed ready-mixed oil of the present invention to tumour:
(Noguchi M, Rose D P, Earashi M, the et al.The Role of Fatty Acids such as Noguchi and Eicosanoid Synthesis Inhibitors in Breast Carcinoma[J].Oncology,1995,52 (4):265-71.) think that ω -6PUFAs (mainly linoleic acid) can promote the generation of breast cancer, promote the propagation of cancer cell; ω -3PUFAs (mainly EPA and DHA) can suppress the generation of breast cancer and the propagation of cancer cell.Jho et al. (Jho D H, Cole S M,Lee E M,et al.Role of omega-3fatty acid supplementation in inflammation and malignancy.[J].Integrative Cancer Therapies,2004,3(2):98- 111.) research also confirms that, ω -3PUFAs such as fish oil has and suppresses the antitumor of tumor cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis of tumour cell Effect, and ω -6PUFAs such as soybean oil, corn oil can promote tumour to occur and growth of tumour cell Tumor acceleration, feed Support SFA, MUFA and ω -6PUFAs be obviously promoted methyl-nitroso-urea (MNU) induction rat mammary gland carcinogenesis, and feed ω - 3PUFAs inhibits Carcinogenesis (Yu F L, Greenlaw R, Fang Q, the et al.Studies on the of MNU chemopreventive potentials of vegetable oils and unsaturated fatty acids against breast cancer carcinogenesis at initiation.[J].European Journal of Cancer Prevention,2004,13(4):239-248.).But also have exception, gamma-Linolenic acid and linoleic effect phase Instead, with substantially antitumor and suppression metastases effect (Colquhoun A.Gamma-linolenic acid alters the composition of mitochondrial membrane subfractions,decreases outer mitochondrial membrane binding of hexokinase and alters carnitine palmitoyltransferase I properties in the Walker 256 rat tumour[J].)。
(Wang Jing, rotten boundless, Wei Na, waits different dietary fatty acids to constitute and breast cancer BRCA1 is expressed Wang Jing et al. Influence [J] practicality medical magazine, 2007,24 (1):Different proportion ω -6/ ω -3PUFAs 84-86) have been inquired into induce MNU Rat mammary gland cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA1) expression influence, research shows, different dietary fatty acid is constituted to MNU inductions Rat breast tumor makes a difference difference, wherein with ω -6/ ω -3=1:The 1 groups of Tumor incidence of dietary fatty acid structure is most It is low.
Above result of study shows, when ω -6 and ω -3 the series unrighted acid of PUFAs occur with certain proportion, Result when individually being taken in ω -6PUFAs to the role of human body is probably antipodal, when ratio is suitable, can Effectively reduce the probability that human body suffers from tumour.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of linseed ready-mixed oil, it is made up of linseed oil and safflower seed oil.
2. linseed ready-mixed oil according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mass percent of the linseed ready-mixed oil Composition is as follows:
Linseed oil 71%~79%;
The safflower seed oil of surplus.
3. linseed ready-mixed oil according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The mass percent of the linseed ready-mixed oil Composition is as follows:
Linseed oil 71.08%~78.56%;
The safflower seed oil of surplus.
4. linseed ready-mixed oil according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The mass percent of the linseed ready-mixed oil Composition is as follows:
Linseed oil 74%~75%;
Safflower seed oil 25%~26%.
5. linseed ready-mixed oil according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The mass percent of the linseed ready-mixed oil Composition is as follows:
Linseed oil 74.82%;
Safflower seed oil 25.18%.
6. the linseed ready-mixed oil according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:In the linseed ready-mixed oil The weight/mass percentage composition of essential fatty acid is 61.41%~62.95%.
7. linseed ready-mixed oil according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Essential fatty acid in the linseed ready-mixed oil Weight/mass percentage composition be 62.17%.
8. the accord method of linseed ready-mixed oil any one of claim 1-7, comprises the following steps:
The linseed oil and the safflower seed oil are mixed, it is agitated uniformly to obtain final product the linseed ready-mixed oil.
CN201611024684.4A 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 A kind of linseed ready-mixed oil and its concocting method CN106720461A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102308889A (en) * 2010-07-06 2012-01-11 上海良友(集团)有限公司 Edible blend oil or combined edible oil more suitable for residents in Jiangsu
CN102742675A (en) * 2012-07-14 2012-10-24 山东渤海实业股份有限公司 Nutritionally-balanced edible blend oil
CN102845539A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-01-02 河南茗轩食品科技有限公司 Dietary flaxseed blend oil and preparation method thereof
CN104509599A (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-04-15 中粮营养健康研究院有限公司 Edible oil blending method for reinforcing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and apparatus thereof
CN105918505A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-07 厦门农特康生物科技有限公司 Blend oil rich in alpha-linolenic acid and capable of protecting cardiovascular system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102308889A (en) * 2010-07-06 2012-01-11 上海良友(集团)有限公司 Edible blend oil or combined edible oil more suitable for residents in Jiangsu
CN102742675A (en) * 2012-07-14 2012-10-24 山东渤海实业股份有限公司 Nutritionally-balanced edible blend oil
CN102845539A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-01-02 河南茗轩食品科技有限公司 Dietary flaxseed blend oil and preparation method thereof
CN104509599A (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-04-15 中粮营养健康研究院有限公司 Edible oil blending method for reinforcing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and apparatus thereof
CN105918505A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-07 厦门农特康生物科技有限公司 Blend oil rich in alpha-linolenic acid and capable of protecting cardiovascular system

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