CN106719225B - A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device - Google Patents

A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106719225B
CN106719225B CN201611106736.2A CN201611106736A CN106719225B CN 106719225 B CN106719225 B CN 106719225B CN 201611106736 A CN201611106736 A CN 201611106736A CN 106719225 B CN106719225 B CN 106719225B
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China
Prior art keywords
feeding
motor
throwing
fish pond
batch mixing
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CN201611106736.2A
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CN106719225A (en
Inventor
田昌凤
陈晓龙
刘兴国
车轩
杨家朋
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of mobile fish ponds to feed material device, including floating body, straight walking mechanism, material storing box, feeding device, material-throwing device;Straight walking mechanism includes the hawser being fixedly connected with fish pond two sides, and hawser is driven by the walking power mechanism being fixed on floating body, drives entire fish pond to feed material device and moves back and forth on the water surface;Material storing box is fixed on floating body, is internally provided with feeding device, and feeding device includes vertical flood dragon sleeve, feeding flood dragon;The sealing of material storing box lower end, more than half volumes are located at below the water surface;Material-throwing device includes material casting motor, batch mixing pan, and material casting motor is set to the top of batch mixing pan, and material casting motor and batch mixing pan are sequentially connected;Feeding device is coaxial docking with batch mixing pan from bottom to top, and feeding flood dragon connect with material casting motor drive.The present invention expands the range of feeding significantly, reduces center of gravity, promotes the stability of water surface walking, only with a material casting motor as power mechanism, realizes feeding from bottom to top, laterally a wide range of material casting.

Description

A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mobile fish ponds to feed material device, belongs to fish pond and feeds material engineering device technique field.
Background technique
With the continuous development of intensive culture technology and perfect, adopts to install machines to replace manual labor and gradually be approved by people, Breeding facility is also rapidly developed with equipment.Wherein feeder is because it saves artificial and feed, remarkable in economical benefits, gradually by Numerous raisers are approved, component part important in present fishery cultivating is become.The rapid development of China's fish farming industry is supported The continuous expansion of scale is grown, fish crop also rises year by year.Guarantee that the stable yields and high yield of fish culture, feeding mode are that its is important Factor, only feeding mode and current fish rapid growth development situation be adapted, could improve cultured fishes' Yield and quality.
Can present most of feeder method for all using fixed feeding, there is feeding apart from short, range is small etc. Disadvantage, concentration when feeding a large amount of fishes be gathered in around device for feeding fish bait and rob food, local dissolved oxygen can be significantly caused and declined, usually feeding intake 30 When minute, dissolved oxygen will decline 3mg/L or so, lead to appetite stimulator.
Therefore the fish pond for how providing a kind of packaged type feeds device, solves above-mentioned technology existing in the prior art and asks Topic, becomes this field technical problem urgently to be solved.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of fish ponds of packaged type to feed device, allows to walk on the water surface, expands The range fed greatly improves the uniformity of feeding;The structure for simplifying feeder simultaneously reduces the center of gravity of feeder to improve and to throw The stability of feeding machine water surface walking.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device, including floating body, straight walking mechanism 1, material storing box 2, feeding device 4, throwing Expect device 3;The straight walking mechanism 1 includes a hawser being fixedly connected with fish pond two sides, and the hawser is floating by being fixed on Walking power mechanism driving on body drives entire fish pond to feed material device and moves back and forth on the water surface;The material storing box 2 is fixed On floating body, it is internally provided with feeding device 4, feeding device includes vertical flood dragon sleeve 401, feeding flood dragon 402;The storage The sealing of 2 lower end of hopper, more than half volumes are located at below the water surface;The material-throwing device 3 includes material casting motor 307, batch mixing pan 302, institute The top that material casting motor 307 is set to batch mixing pan 302 is stated, the material casting motor 307 is sequentially connected with batch mixing pan 302;The feeding Device 4 is coaxial docking with batch mixing pan 302 from bottom to top, and feeding flood dragon 402 and the material casting motor 307 are sequentially connected.
On the feeding device that the technical program is utilized using straight walking mechanism the range of feeding is expanded significantly, together When, completely new design has been carried out to the structure of material-throwing device, by the way that material storing box to be arranged in the bottom of entire material-throwing device, has been reduced Center of gravity, promotes the stability of water surface walking, and realizes and send from bottom to top as power mechanism only with a material casting motor Material, laterally 360 degree of a wide range of material castings.
Further, the material-throwing device 3 further includes the fixed frame 301, motor fixing frame 305 and motor cover integrally fixed 306;The material casting motor 307 is fixed on 305 top of motor fixing frame, and the batch mixing pan 302 is fixed on the upper of fixed frame 301 Portion;The motor cover 306 is located at the outside of the material-throwing device 3, and there are will for batch mixing pan 302 between fixed frame 301 Expect the annular gap thrown away.
Further, the material-throwing device 3 further includes drive plate 304, ratchet 303, and the drive plate, ratchet are electric by material casting The output shaft of machine and batch mixing pan 302, feeding flood dragon 402 are coaxially connected.
Further, 2 top of material storing box is equipped with feed opening.
Further, the feeding device 4 is located at the middle part of the floating body.
Further, the straight walking mechanism 1 includes a pair of of the winding plant for being located at the two sides of the floating body.
Further, the motor cover 306 of the material-throwing device 3 is equipped with a pair of of the through-hole passed through for the hawser.
Further, the hawser is wirerope.
Further, the revolving speed of the material casting motor 307 is 300r/min, power 100W.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1) range of feeding is expanded significantly on the feeding device utilized using straight walking mechanism.
2) completely new design has been carried out to the structure of material-throwing device, by the bottom that material storing box is arranged in entire material-throwing device Portion lowers the center of gravity, and promotes the stability of water surface walking.
3) only with a material casting motor as power mechanism, feeding from bottom to top is realized, laterally a wide range of material casting.
4) material casting range is 360 degree, no dead angle.
5) feed mechanism and material-throwing device share a motor, can save space and save energy consumption.
6) material-throwing device structure is simple, has the market prospects promoted and applied on a large scale.
7) setting of ratchet effectively prevent wiring or other irregular operations to cause motor reversal, to keep feeding flood dragon anti- Turn that flood dragon sleeve bottom is caused to block.Since material storing box is sealing structure, cleaning is extremely inconvenient, therefore must not select and reverse Ratchet replaces the effect of shaft coupling.It is ingenious in design.
8) straight line traveling device structure is simple, and walking is stablized, and run trace is not interfered by extraneous factor.
9) present apparatus structure is simple, at low cost, easily manufactured;Due to material storing box lower end Seal Design, structural focus is big Big to reduce, biggest advantage is to walk and feed in pond compared with modern dried diet feeder for fish pond, can satisfy big-and-middle The requirement that type fish pond is fed, the method for changing conventional fixed-type feeding are fed region and are greatly increased, solve large and medium-sized fish This disadvantage of mode is still fed using fixation in the pool.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the front schematic view that material device is fed in mobile fish pond of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view that material device is fed in mobile fish pond of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structure sectional view of feeding device.
Fig. 4 is the structure sectional view of material-throwing device.
Fig. 5 is the range schematic diagram that feeds intake that material device is fed in mobile fish pond of the invention.
In figure, 1. walking mechanisms, 2. material storing box, 3. material-throwing devices, 4. feeding devices, 301. fixed frames, 302. batch mixing pans, 303. ratchets, 304. drive plates, 305. motor fixing frames, 306. motor covers, 307. material casting motors, 401. flood dragon sleeves, 402. Feeding flood dragon.
Specific embodiment
Existing fish pond is fed substantially using fixed feeding method, but due in large-scale pond, and fish are looked for food range Limited, fixed point, which is fed, will cause ischaemia, so as to influence fish feed.This develops device using wirerope as operation Track, the mode that vertical feeding is shed carry out material casting.Its running track and feeding range are as shown in the figure.
The present apparatus is mainly made of material storing box 2, feeding device 4, material-throwing device 3 and straight walking mechanism 1.In material storing box 2 Feed is added, feed is sent into scattering mechanism 3 by feeding device 4, by motor high speed rotation, feed is shed away. Entire mechanism is mounted in walking mechanism, is travelled under the traction of wirerope along fixation locus.
It is further described with reference to the accompanying drawing:
1, material storing box
Material storing box 2 is welded by 2mm stainless sheet steel, and lower end is in 45 ° of infundibulates, facilitates blanking, due to hopper lower end It is submerged in water, therefore material storing box lower end is enclosed construction.The material storing box useful load can be designed according to different feeding volumes.
2, feeding device
Feeding device 4 uses flood dragon type feed mechanism, and is vertically fixed in hopper, and lower end uses labyrinth sealing side Formula, the particle powder sealing effect after feed is squeezed for flood dragon are more preferable.Overall structure is still formed using stainless steel welded.Knot Composition is as follows:
3, material-throwing device
Material-throwing device is mainly made of material casting motor 307, batch mixing pan 304, ratchet 303, motor cover 306 etc..
Due to using feed mechanism 4 and material-throwing device 3 to share a motor in this secondary design, can save space and Save energy consumption.But since feeding speed is 40/s in feed mechanism, feeding speed is slower, so motor speed is slower;But To guarantee to throw away in material throwing mechanism feed radius is larger, satisfaction feeds demand, thus get rid of material motor must revolving speed it is larger.Therefore The revolving speed of motor is a contradictory selection.By calculating and testing, final choice 300r/min, 100W motor is most suitable type Number, it eventually passes through overall test and similarly demonstrates this type selecting.
And ratchet purpose is used in this material-throwing device 3 primarily to preventing wiring or other irregular operations from causing electricity Machine reversion, to make the reversion of feeding flood dragon that flood dragon sleeve bottom be caused to block.Since material storing box is sealing structure, cleaning is extremely Inconvenience, therefore must not select the ratchet that reverses and replace the effect of shaft coupling.Specific structure is referring to fig. 4.
4. straight walking mechanism
This straight walking mechanism is mainly by wirerope, capstan winch, motor, the composition such as pontoon.Entire power mainly uses steel Cord is walked in pond as traction, wirerope by motor-driven windlass whole device.Its structure is in installation diagram In embodied.Run trace is straight line, as shown in figure 5, can satisfy feeding area requirement.Running gear structure letter Single, walking is stablized, and run trace is not interfered by extraneous factor.
Present apparatus structure is simple, at low cost, easily manufactured;Due to material storing box lower end Seal Design, structural focus is significantly It reduces, biggest advantage is to walk and feed in pond compared with modern dried diet feeder for fish pond, can satisfy large and medium-sized The requirement that fish pond is fed, the method for changing conventional fixed-type feeding are fed region and are greatly increased, solve large and medium-sized fish pond In still using fixation feed this disadvantage of mode.
It is the preferred embodiment of the present invention above, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes on this basis It changes or improves, under the premise of not departing from the present invention total design, these transformation and improving all should belong to that the present invention claims guarantors In the range of shield.

Claims (5)

1. material device is fed in a kind of movable type fish pond, it is characterised in that:
Including floating body, straight walking mechanism (1), material storing box (2), feeding device (4), material-throwing device (3);
The straight walking mechanism (1) includes the hawser being fixedly connected with fish pond two sides, and the hawser is by being fixed on floating body On the driving of walking power mechanism, drive entire fish pond to feed material device and move back and forth on the water surface;
The material storing box (2) is fixed on floating body, is internally provided with feeding device (4), and feeding device includes vertical flood dragon set Cylinder (401), feeding flood dragon (402);Material storing box (2) the lower end sealing, more than half volumes are located at below the water surface;
The material-throwing device (3) includes material casting motor (307), batch mixing pan (302), and the material casting motor (307) is set to batch mixing pan (302) top, the material casting motor (307) and batch mixing pan (302) are sequentially connected;
The feeding device (4) is coaxial docking with batch mixing pan (302) from bottom to top, and feeding flood dragon (402) and material casting electricity Machine (307) transmission connection;
The material-throwing device (3) further includes the fixed frame (301), motor fixing frame (305) and motor cover (306) integrally fixed;
The material casting motor (307) is fixed on motor fixing frame (305) top, and the batch mixing pan (302) is fixed on fixed frame (301) top;
The motor cover (306) is located at the outside of the material-throwing device (3), and there are for getting rid of material between fixed frame (301) The annular gap that disk (302) throws away material;
The material-throwing device (3) further includes drive plate (304), ratchet (303), and the drive plate, ratchet are defeated by material casting motor Shaft and batch mixing pan (302), feeding flood dragon (402) are coaxially connected;
The straight walking mechanism (1) includes a pair of of the winding plant for being located at the two sides of the floating body;
The motor cover (306) of the material-throwing device (3) is equipped with a pair of of the through-hole passed through for the hawser.
2. material device is fed in movable type fish pond as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: material storing box (2) top is equipped with Feed opening.
3. material device is fed in movable type fish pond as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feeding device (4) is located at institute State the middle part of floating body.
4. material device is fed in movable type fish pond as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the hawser is wirerope.
5. material device is fed in movable type fish pond as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material casting motor (307) turns Speed is 300r/min, power 100W.
CN201611106736.2A 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device Active CN106719225B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611106736.2A CN106719225B (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611106736.2A CN106719225B (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of movable type fish pond feeding material device

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CN106719225B true CN106719225B (en) 2019-07-16

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108200877A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-26 湛江市渔好生物科技有限公司 A kind of fish meal floats delivery device
CN107950445A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-04-24 安徽理工大学 A kind of energy saving, simple type fish pond oxygenation feeds the all-in-one machine that spreads pesticides
CN108338111A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-07-31 安徽云帆科技咨询有限公司 A kind of modern agriculture charging device used for aquiculture

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN202425456U (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-09-12 金湖县华能机电有限公司 Movable rotary dried diet feeder
CN203528772U (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-04-09 上海海洋大学 Shrimp and crab pond feeding and water quality monitoring remote control catamaran
CN205492144U (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-08-24 丽江绿雪庄生态文化发展有限公司 Salmon is bred to shed and is thrown material device
CN205682183U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 天津滨海新区海通水产养殖有限公司 A kind of floatability aquaculture charging device

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