CN106717851B - A kind of method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation - Google Patents

A kind of method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation Download PDF

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CN106717851B
CN106717851B CN201611086986.4A CN201611086986A CN106717851B CN 106717851 B CN106717851 B CN 106717851B CN 201611086986 A CN201611086986 A CN 201611086986A CN 106717851 B CN106717851 B CN 106717851B
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nursery stock
red
reefs
islands
hole
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CN106717851A (en
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王发国
简曙光
刘东明
任海
邹碧
邢福武
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South China Botanical Garden of CAS
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South China Botanical Garden of CAS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, include the following steps: (1) culture and selection nursery stock: for Hai Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and perhaps sapling wood is planted to the nothing containing cultivation matrix respectively and imitates in cloth bag, Bermuda grass takes its rhizome and moisturizing, and nursery stock is robust growth seedling;(2) dig seedling growth hole: the length in smooth islands and reefs sand ground , Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth hole is respectively 0.5m, isosceles triangle arrangement, the spacing 1.5m of plantation hole;Adjacent four arbor seedling growths hole center, which is dug, is permitted sapling wood plantation hole, and the length of sapling wood plantation hole is respectively 0.3m perhaps;(3) seedling growth.The invention discloses a kind of methods for carrying out southern tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation using indigenous plant, and this method is simple and easy, at low cost, can effective, fast greening hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs.

Description

A kind of method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation
Technical field:
The invention belongs to ecological, environmental protective science and technology fields, and in particular to a kind of side of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation Method.
Background technique:
Tropical forest insect islands and reefs refer to the islands and reefs of China's tropical area, including island and artificial hydraulic reclamation sand island reef, are substantially coral Coral islands and reefs.Reef in Chinese South Sea is mostly formed by coral reef sand hydraulic reclamation, lacks real soil and fertility, and have with high salt, highly basic, high temperature Certain vegetation landscape and corresponding Easy Living Envi-ronment can not be formed almost without plant growth with extreme environments features such as strong light.For Building hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs vegetation ecosystem as early as possible, the functions such as performance is windproof accordingly, fixes the sand, shades, covers, cools down and shelters, Livable ecological environment is built, needs to carry out fast greening to the tropical forest insect islands and reefs of hydraulic reclamation, and form matching technology, meets country Actual demand.
Since hydraulic reclamation, some ornamental plants or mountainous region tree species such as great Ye have planted successively on hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs in units concerned Banyan, banyan, heavy curtain umbrella maple, palm etc., but by these plants mostly not saline-alkali tolerant, not drought-enduring, anti-wind power difference power, as a result many plants survivals Rate is low, and also face the high cost often watered and because caused by eluviation degenerate and problem of death.This not only makes At a large amount of material resources, the waste of manpower, financial resources, and expected afforestation effect and target is not achieved.
This is primarily due to lack understanding, the floristics of selection and the plantation of use to hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs Eco-environmental Characteristics And maintenance technology etc. lacks caused by science.South China Botanical Garden Chinese Academy of Sciences early period tentatively grinds with military's cooperation development is some Study carefully, discovery hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs lack real soil, and coral reef sand (" soil "), which lacks soil texture, (leads to stability and water conservation Nutrient preserving capability is poor), nutrient is lacked, water content is extremely low;In addition local high temperature, Qiang Guang, more typhoons and rain drought replace the climatic environments such as obvious Condition, the extremely difficult survival of common plant or colonization.Therefore, the difficulty pole of vegetation newly-built (or recovery) is carried out in South Sea hydraulic reclamation sand island reef Greatly, need extremely strong technical support, there is no at present both at home and abroad this respect successful case and referential correlation theory technology with Experience.In natural conditions, speed about 1cm/ 10000 years of soil are formed on these hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs, and it is (similar to form corresponding vegetation In the South Sea now with the island of vegetative coverage) then at least take 400 years or more.Obviously, this is unable to satisfy the demand of country at this stage. Therefore, it may be currently the only feasible approach that the vegetation of human assistance is newly-built.By being planted to wild saline-alkali tolerant, drought-enduring, wind resistance Object takes a broad survey, and filters out the characteristic indigenous plant for adapting to hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs extreme environment feature, passes through systematic research and test Related matching technology is obtained, for the Urban Greening in hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs area.
Summary of the invention:
The first purpose of the invention is to provide a kind of methods of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, include the following steps:
(1) nursery stock: is cultivated and select Jiang Hai Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and perhaps sapling wood is planted to respectively containing cultivating The nothing of matrix is imitated in cloth bag, is taken Bermuda grass seed and is kept drying, nursery stock is robust growth seedling, the cultivation matrix: is pressed Mass fraction meter, including 40~50 parts of normal soil, 35~45 parts of leaf mould and 15 parts of sea sand, added with compound in cultivation matrix Fertilizer adds 15~20g compound fertilizer in every 5kg cultivation matrix;
(2) seedling growth hole: the length point of smooth islands and reefs sand ground , Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth hole is dug Not Wei 0.5m, isosceles triangle arrangement, the spacing 1.5m of plantation hole, two adjacent plantation hole centers, which are dug, is permitted sapling wood plantation hole, perhaps The length of sapling wood plantation hole is respectively 0.3m, in the extra large Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and Xu Shu seedling growth dug Hole in be added planting matrix, planting matrix with a thickness of 15~20cm;The planting matrix, by mass parts Number meter, including 30~40 parts of sea sand, 20~25 parts of red soil, 15~20 parts of coco bran, 15~20 parts of sheep manure and water-retaining agent 5~10 Part;
(3) seedling growth: Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth: in the nothing of Zhuan Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock The side of imitative cloth bag is equidistant to cut off 4 cracks, after " ten " font crack is cut off in bottom, is vertically put into and completes plant species phytyl In the Qiao Hai Mango nursery stock of matter and red thick shell seedling growth hole, Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell then are filled and led up with planting matrix Seedling growth is cheated and is compacted;
Perhaps set seedling growth: dress permitted sapling wood nothing imitate cloth bag side it is equidistant cut off 4 cracks, cut off in bottom Behind " ten " font crack, vertically it is put into the sapling wood plantation hole perhaps for completing planting matrix, then uses planting matrix It fills and leads up sapling wood plantation hole perhaps and is compacted;
Draft seedling growth: extra large Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock are being finished and on the vacant lot of sapling wood is spreading thick 5cm's perhaps Red soil uniformly sprinkles one layer of coco bran and sheep manure on red soil, finally uniformly spreads Bermuda grass seed, then covers one layer thin Planting matrix and be compacted.
The invention discloses a kind of methods in southern tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, carry out south using indigenous plant The method of square tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, this method is simple and easy, at low cost, can effective, fast greening hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs.
The present invention carries out a large amount of botanizings according in southern china such as Hainan Island and the Xisha Islands first, analyzes plant Ecological and biological characteristic filters out the south China strand indigenous plant Hai Mango Cerbera of suitable islands and reefs Coastal Sandy Land plantation Manghas, red thickness shell (calophyllum inophyllum) Calophyllum inophyllum, Xu Shu (false jasmine) Clerodendrum inerme, 4 kinds of plants of Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon, are combined plantation, by dug on hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs kind of a plant hole, apply it is organic Fertilizer, compound fertilizer, water-retaining agent, backfill is husky and soil moved in improve the original, conventional maintenance can finally form more natural group, can afforest hydraulic reclamation rapidly Islands and reefs.
Compound fertilizer in step (1) is potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, is purchased from refined Ran international corporation, Norway;In step (3) Coco bran dosage is 1kg/m2, sheep manure dosage is 1kg/m2, planting substrates quantity is 1.5~2kg/m2
Preferably, the Mango nursery stock root high 1.2~1.5m Hai merging 10~25cm of diameter, high 15cm in step (1) Without imitating in cloth bag, red thick shell nursery stock root merging 15~20cm of diameter of high 1~1.2m, the nothing of high 15cm are imitated in cloth bag, high by 0.6 The nothing for being permitted sapling wood root merging 10~12cm of diameter of~0.8m is imitated in cloth bag.
Further, step (3) the Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock interval plantation.
Preferably, the component red soil in planting matrix described in step (2) and coco bran carry out disinfection before mixing Processing.Component red soil and coco bran in planting matrix described in step (2) carry out disinfection processing before mixing, specifically Are as follows: red soil and coco bran that mass ratio is 5/3:1 are uniformly mixed, are added according to every kilogram of red soil and the mixture of coco bran The formalin of 50% carbendazol wettable powder 800~1000 times of liquid and 0.04~0.05g of 0.04~0.05g, by 50% Uniformly spray is carried out to red soil and the mixture of coco bran respectively for 800~1000 times of liquid of carbendazol wettable powder and formalin Disinfection, by after disinfection red soil and coco bran be uniformly mixed according to formula ratio with sea sand, sheep manure and water-retaining agent, as plant species Phytyl matter is covered planting matrix 2~3 days with black net, is used after drying.
Preferably, arbor plant root described in step (3) nearby has built a 25~30cm of diameter centre it is low, around arch The spill ditch risen, and 4 vertical hole ditches are dug in spill ditch.
Preferably, further include step (4): binding a height of 1.5m by arbor nursery stock, the hollow stainless steel tube that diameter is 2cm Support, and trimming and finishing is carried out, it is watered with root water in spill ditch, draft growing area, in plantation one week, every morning and dusk are each A water is poured, then conventional maintenance.
Preferably, the implantation time of nursery stock described in step (4) is 4~May of summer.
A second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of planting matrix, according to the mass fraction, including sea sand 30~40 Part, 20~25 parts of red soil, 15~20 parts of coco bran, 15~20 parts of sheep manure and 5~10 parts of water-retaining agent.Plant proposed by the present invention Planting matrix can build the microenvironment of a growth for plant, successively provide nutrition for the early stage rejuvenation of plant.
Preferably, the water-retaining agent is super absorbent resin.Super absorbent resin water absorbing properties are to absorb own wt 1000~3000 times of water.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, it seedling treatment and is shipped using jumbo bag, frame of plastic, can be convenient transport and handling, improve Survival rate of nursery stock Rate;
2, hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs matrix often has a large amount of hard and coarse reefs, excavates arbor kind plant hole using digging machine and saves largely Manpower;
3, the planting matrix of red soil, coco bran, sheep manure, water-retaining agent is added in the kind plant hole of excavation, it can Think that plant builds the microenvironment of a growth, successively provides nutrition for the early stage rejuvenation of plant;Coral reef sand lacks soil Earth structure lacks nutrient, and water content is extremely low, and the coco bran being added can play the role of ventilative, moisturizing;
4. extra large Mango, red thick shell, Xu Shu and Bermuda grass are the wild indigenous plant of South China's coastal region, it to be used for hydraulic reclamation island Reef greening, tall, filling, grass are reasonably combined, can be rapidly reached ecology and landscape planting effect, while the not danger of ecological invasion.
Detailed description of the invention:
Location map when Fig. 1 is extra large Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and sapling wood is planted perhaps, 1, extra large Mango in center Fruit nursery stock;2, red thick shell nursery stock;3, permitted sapling wood.
Specific embodiment:
The following examples are further illustrations of the invention, rather than limiting the invention.
Except special instruction, experimental material and reagent in the present invention are the art regular market purchase product.
A kind of method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, includes the following steps:
(1) the nursery stock , Hai high 1.2~1.5m of Mango nursery stock is cultivated and selects, root is placed in 10~25cm of diameter, high 15cm's Nothing containing cultivation matrix is imitated in cloth bag;Red thickness shell nursery stock (calophyllum inophyllum) high 1~1.2m, root is placed in 15~20cm of diameter, high The nothing containing cultivation matrix of 15cm is imitated in cloth bag;Perhaps sapling wood (false jasmine) high 0.6~0.8m, root merging diameter 10~ The nothing containing cultivation matrix of 12cm is imitated in cloth bag;Nursery stock is robust growth seedling;Bermuda grass takes its this local products seed and keeps It is dry;Cultivation matrix according to the mass fraction, including 40~50 parts of normal soil, 35~45 parts of leaf mould and 15 parts of sea sand, cultivation Compound fertilizer is also added in matrix, the cultivation matrix of every 5kg adds 15~20g compound fertilizer;
(2) nursery stock shipment prepares before cultivating, and Dai Zhuan Hai Mango nursery stock and the red thick neat stratification of shell nursery stock are put into jumbo bag (modeling Expect textile bag) in, sapling wood is neatly placed in stackable frame of plastic perhaps, about 1/3 side leave piece of shrub seedling is cut off with scissors, Terminal bud retains;Bermuda grass grass-seed is placed in ventilative cotton bag, is tamping sack, is placed at dry and ventilated;All nursery stocks disappear Poison processing, nursery stock first use 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid to be sprayed complete stool, then with 500~600 times of phoxim Spraying root sterilizes, and eliminates germ and pest, for example flourishing mosquito of pest etc.;
(3) smooth islands and reefs sand ground, with excavator arbor nursery stock (Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock) plantation hole, arbor The length in seedling growth hole is respectively 0.5m, and isosceles triangle arranges, and the spacing 1.5m in arbor seedling growth hole is visited before excavating Whether bright underground has cable or water pipe, if favorably manually digging pit, carries out drainage measure;In the arbor seedling growth hole dug Place mixed planting matrix, planting matrix with a thickness of 15~20cm, planting matrix, by mass fraction Meter, including 30~40 parts of sea sand, 20~25 parts of red soil, 15~20 parts of coco bran, 15~20 parts of sheep manure and water-retaining agent 5~10 Part, red soil and coco bran carry out disinfection processing before mixing, specifically: by red soil that mass ratio is 5/3:1 and coco bran mixing Uniformly, 50% carbendazol wettable powder 800 of 0.04~0.05g is added according to every kilogram of red soil and the mixture of coco bran The formalin of~1000 times of liquid and 0.04~0.05g, by 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and formal The mixture that standing forest is not sprayed to red soil and coco bran uniformly carries out disinfection, by the red soil and coco bran and sea sand, sheep after disinfection Muck and water-retaining agent are uniformly mixed according to formula ratio, as planting matrix, are covered planting matrix 2~3 days with black net, It is used after drying;
Arbor plantation: 4 are cut off the side that the nothing of Zhuan Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock imitates cloth bag is equidistant with scissors A crack is vertically put into the arbor seedling growth hole for completing planting matrix, sea after " ten " font crack is cut off in bottom Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock interval plantation fill and lead up arbor seedling growth with planting matrix and cheat and be compacted, in arbor seedling The spill ditch that the centre that a 25~30cm of diameter has nearby been built in the wooden plant root is low, surrounding arches upward, and with band point in spill ditch The waddy of head digs 4 vertical hole ditches;
Shrub plantation: after finishing arbor nursery stock, arbor nursery stock plant spacing area center is manually dug with hoe and spade and is filled The length of wooden seedling wood plantation hole, shrub nursery stock plantation hole is respectively 0.3m, is then equally planted with arbor seedling growth method Plant shrub Xu Shu;
Draft plantation: Bermuda grass grass-seed is soaked in water 3-4 days, wait broadcast after sprouting.Finishing arbor nursery stock, shrub nursery stock The red soil of thick 5cm is spread on vacant lot, and one layer of coco bran and sheep manure are then uniformly sprinkled on red soil, takes the Bermuda grass sprouted Grass-seed mixes the sea sand of some dryings, to increase the weight and volume of seed, helps sowing more evenly, mix 1 in a seed~ 2 parts of sands are uniformly spread, and thickness of sowing presses 2~3g/m of Bermuda grass seed2, gently covered with spike-tooth harrow, then cover one layer of thin plant species Phytyl matter about 2cm is simultaneously compacted;
(4) 1.5m high is bound by arbor nursery stock, the hollow stainless steel tube that diameter is 2cm supports, prevents typhoon from blowing and cover, and Carry out rational pruning shaping;It is watered with root water in spill ditch, draft growing area, in plantation one week, every morning and dusk are respectively poured Water, then conventional maintenance.
In the present invention, without imitating, cloth bag is interior to use degradable, environment-friendly type without imitative cloth;In nursery stock shipment, by packed arbor The neat stratification of seedling is put into jumbo bag (plastics textile bag), and shrub seedling is neatly placed in stackable frame of plastic, is cut off with scissors About 1/3 side leave piece, terminal bud retain.Bermuda grass grass-seed is placed in ventilative cotton bag, is tamping sack, is placed at dry and ventilated, It is soaked in water, post blend of sprouting sea sand.All nursery stocks 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and phoxim 500~600 times of solution sterilize by spraying.
Arbor seedling growth, is digged pit using wheel excavator, and the length in arbor seedling growth hole is respectively 0.5m, product Font arrangement, spacing 1.5m.Red soil and coco bran carry out disinfection processing before mixing, specifically: it by mass ratio is the red of 5/3:1 Loam and coco bran are uniformly mixed, and more than 50% bacterium of 0.04~0.05g is added according to every kilogram of red soil and the mixture of coco bran The formalin of clever wettable powder 800~1000 times of liquid and 0.04~0.05g, by 50% carbendazol wettable powder 800~ The mixture that 1000 times of liquid and formalin are uniformly sprayed to red soil and coco bran respectively carries out disinfection, by the red soil after disinfection It is uniformly mixed with sea sand, sheep manure and water-retaining agent according to formula ratio with coco bran, as planting matrix, covers plant with black net It planting matrix 2~3 days, is used after drying.
The seedling growth time, 4~May of summer, progress was best, and at this moment sea wind is little, and rainfall is plentiful, is conducive to nursery stock and deposits It is living, nursery stock is planted in 7~September part, the sprouting of arbor seedling can be dried up withered by typhoon.
Seedling growth mode equidistant cuts off 4 in the side that the nothing of dress arbor nursery stock, shrub nursery stock imitates cloth bag with scissors Crack is vertically put into the plantation hole for completing planting matrix after " ten " font crack is cut off in bottom, to be sufficiently reserved root Portion's matrix avoids naked and root damage, improves plant percent.
After plantation hole finishes nursery stock compacting, the centre for having built a 25~30cm of diameter near plant root is low, around arch The spill ditch risen, and 4 vertical hole ditches are dug with the waddy with tip in spill ditch, in order to which moisture is dredged.Nursery stock maintenance Mode, binds 1.5m high by arbor nursery stock, and the hollow stainless steel tube support of diameter 2cm prevents typhoon from blowing and covers;Plantation one week Interior, every morning and dusk moisture respectively irrigate once.
Hydraulic reclamation islands and reefs vegetation is newly-built or restores to select adaptation local climate environment and islands and reefs coral sand matrix condition, resistance to dry Drought, high temperature, barren and saline-alkali property, and the floristics for having preferable wind resistance, fixing the sand with covering function.The present invention is according in China South such as Hainan Island and the Xisha Islands carry out a large amount of botanizings, analyze the ecological and biological characteristic of plant, and it is real to carry out cultivation Test and evaluation analysis, filter out the extra large Mango of suitable islands and reefs Coastal Sandy Land plantation, red thick shell, four kinds of wind resistances of Xu Shu and Bermuda grass, It fixes the sand, drought-resistant and saline and alkaline good plant, by cultivating seedlings and selection, nursery stock shipment, islands and reefs sand ground is smooth and digs pit, seedling The wooden collocation and plantation are fixed with maintenance, are reached Qiao, are filled, is careless reasonably combined, and is green again rapidly.
Since required time is longer when nursery stock shipment reaches islands and reefs, need 4~6 days, therefore encase nursery stock using without imitative cloth For rhizome in order to the rhizome water-permeable and air permeable of plant, arbor nursery stock is put into jumbo bag, and shrub nursery stock is neatly placed in stackable plastics Convenient for a large amount of nursery stock handling of harbour in frame.Bermuda grass grass-seed is small and light, blends the sea sand of some dryings, to increase the weight of seed With volume, sowing more evenly is helped.Reef coral sand matrix is not retained, and quickly, planting matrix includes red for water loss and evaporation Loam, coco bran, sheep manure, water-retaining agent, wherein coco bran can play the role of ventilative, moisturizing, be easy life using the new root of plant Long and extension, red soil indigenous plant seed rich in play the role of seed bank, the plant species for increasing growing area are more Sample.A large amount of manpowers can be saved by planting preceding place excavator arbor kind plant hole, and the arrangement of plant isosceles triangle and holding are reasonable Spacing can make arbor, shrub, draft reasonable disposition, form preferable landscape.When arbor seedling growth, with scissors without imitative cloth The side of bag is equidistant to cut off 4 cracks, after " ten " font crack is cut off in bottom, together with plant root and without imitative cloth bag It is put into kind of a plant hole, root matrix can be sufficiently reserved, avoids naked and root damage, improves plant percent, and can without imitative cloth With degradation, environment is not polluted.
Embodiment 1
In the experimental tests of Nansha 7 and Demonstration Base, first the coral island sand ground of hydraulic reclamation is cleared up, removes slope surface float stone, miscellaneous Object carries out smooth, total 3000m with wheel loader2, then cheated with minitype wheeled excavator arbor seedling growth, arbor seedling The length of the wooden plantation hole is respectively 0.5m, isosceles triangle arrangement, spacing 1.5m, avoided before excavating land burial cable or Water pipe carries out drainage measure;Shrub nursery stock plantation hole, shrub nursery stock plantation hole are dug in adjacent four arbor seedling growths hole center Length be respectively 0.3m, dug tree and shrubs seedling growth hole in be added planting matrix, planting Matrix with a thickness of 15~20cm;Extra large Mango, red thick shell, Xu Shu, Bermuda grass are cultivated and screened in the base of Wenchang, hainan nursery Nursery stock that is healthy and strong, meeting above-mentioned requirements, arbor seedling are 2 years raw healthy seedlings, carry out cutting lateral root before arbor seedling and shrub seedling transplanting, It is sterilized before shipment together with draft seedling.In April, nursery stock, cultivation matrix, tool etc. are transported from Hainan to Nansha with steamer No. 7 point Demonstration Bases, nursery stock are placed on yin and cover place.
Place mixed planting matrix in the arbor seedling growth hole dug, planting matrix include sea sand, Red soil, coco bran, sheep manure, water-retaining agent, according to the mass fraction, including 40 parts of sea sand, 25 parts of red soil, 15 parts of coco bran, sheep dung 15 parts and 5 parts of water-retaining agent of fertilizer are mixed, and then plant Hai Mango nursery stock, red thick shell seedling respectively by above-mentioned seedling growth step Wood is permitted sapling wood and draft Bermuda grass grass-seed, extra large Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock interval plantation, then uses planting matrix It fills and leads up plantation hole and is compacted, be watered with root water, in plantation one week, every morning and dusk respectively pour a water, then conventional maintenance. All nursery stocks plant completion in 4 days.
Wherein: planting matrix before mixing, red soil and coco bran that mass ratio is 5:3 is uniformly mixed, according to every Kilogram red soil and coco bran mixture be added 0.04g 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and 0.04g Formalin, by 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and formalin, uniformly spray arrives red soil respectively Carry out disinfection with the mixture of coco bran, by after disinfection red soil and coco bran and sea sand, sheep manure and water-retaining agent according to formula ratio It is uniformly mixed, as planting matrix, is covered planting matrix 2~3 days with black net, used after drying.
Demonstration Base answers green area up to 100% after 6 months, and extra large Mango nursery stock is permitted tree plant percent up to 100%, red thickness Shell plant percent is up to 92%, and Bermuda grass kind shoot survival percent is up to 95%.On meadow other than Bermuda grass, false dent is also grown The herbaceous plant such as amaranth, herba eleusines indicae, wild amaranth, the rhizome of nutgrass flatsedge.
Embodiment 2
In the experimental tests of Nansha 3 and Demonstration Base, first the coral island sand ground of hydraulic reclamation is cleared up, removes slope surface float stone, miscellaneous Object carries out smooth, total 6000m with wheel loader2, then digged pit with minitype wheeled excavator, the length in arbor seedling growth hole, Wide, high is respectively 0.5m, and isosceles triangle arranges, and spacing 1.5m avoids the cable or water pipe of land burial, carries out draining before excavating Measure;Shrub nursery stock plantation hole, the length point of shrub nursery stock plantation hole are dug in adjacent four arbor seedling growths hole center Not Wei 0.3m, dug tree and shrubs seedling growth hole in be added planting matrix, planting matrix with a thickness of 15~20cm.Cultivate and screen that extra large Mango, red thick shell, Xu Shu, Bermuda grass is healthy and strong, it is above-mentioned to meet in the base of Wenchang, hainan nursery It is required that nursery stock, arbor seedling be 2 years raw healthy seedlings, tree and shrubs seedling transplanting before progress cutting lateral root and draft seedling exist together Disinfection before shipment.In July, nursery stock, cultivation matrix, tool etc. are transported from Hainan to the point Demonstration Base of Nansha 3 with steamer, Nursery stock is placed on yin and covers place.
Place mixed planting matrix in the arbor seedling growth hole dug, planting matrix include sea sand, Red soil, coco bran, sheep manure, water-retaining agent, according to the mass fraction, including 30 parts of sea sand, 20 parts of red soil, 20 parts of coco bran, sheep dung 20 parts and 10 parts of water-retaining agent of fertilizer are mixed, and then plant arbor Hai Mango nursery stock, red thickness respectively by above-mentioned seedling growth step Shell nursery stock is permitted sapling wood and draft Bermuda grass grass-seed, wherein extra large Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock interval plantation, then use plant Planting matrix is filled and led up plantation hole and is compacted, and root water is watered with, and in plantation one week, every morning and dusk respectively pour a water, then Conventional maintenance.All nursery stocks plant completion in 5 days.
Wherein: planting matrix before mixing, red soil and coco bran that mass ratio is 1:1 is uniformly mixed, according to every Kilogram red soil and coco bran mixture be added 0.05g 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and 0.05g Formalin, by 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid and formalin, uniformly spray arrives red soil respectively Carry out disinfection with the mixture of coco bran, by after disinfection red soil and coco bran and sea sand, sheep manure and water-retaining agent according to formula ratio It is uniformly mixed, as planting matrix, is covered planting matrix 2~3 days with black net, used after drying.
Demonstration Base answers green area up to 80% , Hai Mango survival rate up to 95% after 5 months, and tree survival rate is red up to 90% perhaps Thick shell survival rate is up to 90%, and Bermuda grass seed viability is up to 90%.On meadow other than Bermuda grass, also grow Egyptian grass, The herbaceous plant such as purslane, herba eleusines indicae, the rhizome of nutgrass flatsedge, sesbania, wrinkle fruit amaranth.
It can be seen that by above 2 embodiments and carry out coral island greening in or so April summer, effect compares autumn Good, seedling growth is fast, high survival rate;Planting matrix each component by mass fraction proportion be 4:2.5:1.5:1.5:0.5 when, Its plant percent is high, and effect is good.
The method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation provided by the invention is described in detail above, the above implementation The explanation of example is merely used to help understand technical solution of the present invention and its core concept, it is noted that for the art Technical staff for, without departing from the principle of the present invention, can be with several improvements and modifications are made to the present invention, this A little improvement and modification are also fallen within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of method of tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation, which comprises the steps of:
(1) nursery stock: is cultivated and select Jiang Hai Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and perhaps sapling wood is planted to respectively containing cultivation matrix Nothing imitate in cloth bag, Bermuda grass seed keeps drying, and nursery stock is robust growth seedling, the cultivation matrix: pressing mass fraction Meter, including 40~50 parts of normal soil, 35~45 parts of leaf mould and 15 parts of sea sand are added with compound fertilizer, every 5kg in cultivation matrix 15~20g compound fertilizer is added in cultivation matrix;
(2) dig seedling growth to cheat: the length in smooth islands and reefs sand ground , Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth hole is respectively 0.5m, isosceles triangle arrangement, the spacing 1.5m of plantation hole, two adjacent plantation hole centers, which are dug, is permitted sapling wood plantation hole, Xu Shumiao The length of the wooden plantation hole is respectively 0.3m, is digging Hai Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock and perhaps in sapling wood plantation hole Be added planting matrix, planting matrix with a thickness of 15~20cm;The planting matrix, by mass fraction Meter, including 30~40 parts of sea sand, 20~25 parts of red soil, 15~20 parts of coco bran, 15~20 parts of sheep manure and water-retaining agent 5~10 Part;
(3) seedling growth: Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth: cloth is imitated in the nothing of Zhuan Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock The side of bag is equidistant to cut off 4 cracks, after " ten " font crack is cut off in bottom, is vertically put into and completes planting matrix In Qiao Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell seedling growth hole, Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock then are filled and led up with planting matrix Plantation hole is simultaneously compacted;
Perhaps set seedling growth: dress permitted sapling wood nothing imitate cloth bag side it is equidistant cut off 4 cracks, cut off " ten " in bottom Behind font crack, vertically it is put into the sapling wood plantation hole perhaps for completing planting matrix, is then filled and led up with planting matrix Perhaps it sapling wood plantation hole and is compacted;
Bermuda grass seedling growth: extra large Mango nursery stock, red thick shell nursery stock are being finished and on the vacant lot of sapling wood is spreading the red of thick 5cm perhaps Loam uniformly sprinkles one layer of coco bran and one layer of sheep manure on red soil, finally uniformly spreads Bermuda grass seed, then covers one layer Planting matrix is simultaneously compacted.
2. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: high by 1.2 in step (1) The Mango nursery stock root Hai~1.5m is placed in 10~25cm of diameter, the nothing of high 15cm is imitated in cloth bag, the red thick shell seedling of high 1~1.2m The wooden root is placed in 15~20cm of diameter, the nothing of high 15cm is imitated in cloth bag, and the sapling wood root of being permitted of high 0.6~0.8m is placed in diameter 10 The nothing of~12cm is imitated in cloth bag.
3. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: step (2) is described Hai Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock interval plantation.
4. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: step (2) is described Planting matrix in component red soil and coco bran carry out disinfection before mixing processing.
5. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described in step (2) Component red soil and coco bran in planting matrix carry out disinfection processing before mixing, specifically: it by mass ratio is 5/3:1's Red soil and coco bran are uniformly mixed, and are added more than the 50% of 0.04~0.05g according to every kilogram of red soil and the mixture of coco bran The formalin of 800~1000 times of liquid of bacterium spirit wettable powder and 0.04~0.05g carry out disinfection.
6. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: step (3) is described Extra large Mango nursery stock plant and the red thick shell nursery stock plant root centre of nearby having built a 25~30cm of diameter it is low, around arch upward Spill ditch, and 4 vertical hole ditches are dug in spill ditch.
7. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: further include step (4): binding a height of 1.5m by extra large Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock, the hollow stainless steel tube that diameter is 2cm is supported, and carried out Trimming and finishing is watered with root water in spill ditch, draft growing area, and in plantation one week, every morning and dusk respectively pour a water, so Conventional maintenance afterwards.
8. the method for tropical forest insect islands and reefs ecological afforestation according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described in step (4) The implantation time of extra large Mango nursery stock and red thick shell nursery stock is 4~May of summer.
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CN108633692B (en) * 2018-05-10 2020-09-15 中国科学院华南植物园 Vine seedling growing light matrix suitable for coral island reef greening and preparation method thereof
CN109089744A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-28 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 A method of constructing bermuda grass turf on tropical forest insect islands and reefs
CN110122154B (en) * 2019-06-06 2021-03-02 滨州学院 Method for repairing degraded wetland of shell dike
CN111066402A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-04-28 中交天津航道局有限公司 Preparation and application method of improved soil containing blown-fill sand
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