CN106706036A - Internet of Things technology-based indoor environment and energy consumption long-term on-line monitoring method - Google Patents

Internet of Things technology-based indoor environment and energy consumption long-term on-line monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106706036A
CN106706036A CN201611190017.3A CN201611190017A CN106706036A CN 106706036 A CN106706036 A CN 106706036A CN 201611190017 A CN201611190017 A CN 201611190017A CN 106706036 A CN106706036 A CN 106706036A
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China
Prior art keywords
energy consumption
data
sensor
cloud server
indoor
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CN201611190017.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘俊杰
贾素素
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天津大学
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Priority to CN201611190017.3A priority Critical patent/CN106706036A/en
Publication of CN106706036A publication Critical patent/CN106706036A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass

Abstract

The present invention discloses an Internet of Things technology-based indoor environment and energy consumption long-term on-line monitoring method. According to the method, an air conditioner, an air cleaner, sensors for acquiring temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, PM2.5, formaldehyde and volatile organic matter information, a wind contact sensor which is arranged on a window, an electrical appliance energy consumption socket and the like are arranged in an indoor environment; a processor transmits received indoor temperature and humidity, carbon dioxide, PM2.5, formaldehyde, volatile organic matter, window open-and-closed status and electrical appliance energy consumption data to a wifi module or zigbee module through analog quantity transmission, digital communication and pulse sequences; the data are transmitted to a cloud server; the cloud server decrypts received data and displays decrypted data in a visualized manner; and real-time display and instant download of the data can be realized on a data terminal. The Internet of Things technology-based indoor environment and energy consumption long-term on-line monitoring method of the invention can be used for the long-term monitoring and research of indoor air environment and provides basic data for research on influence on indoor air quality and energy consumption caused by the opening and closing of doors and windows under natural ventilation.

Description

The long-term on-line monitoring method of indoor environment and energy consumption based on technology of Internet of things

Technical field

The system belongs to environmental monitoring technology field, specifically integrated indoor environment multiple pollutant parameter, door and window Switch, the monitoring system of energy consumption

Background technology

With the improvement of people's living standards, the requirement to environmental quality is also improved therewith.What Chinese environmental protection portion announced China Environmental State Bulletin shows within 2015, and China has 78.4% Area Ambient Air Quality exceeded.And indoor pollution is same Seriously, indoor decoration pollution caused by building materials inferior and household, the BaP contained in kitchen fume, heterocyclic amine etc. are a large amount of carcinogenic Material seriously threatens the life health of resident.For a long time, China resident improves IAQ using gravity-flow ventilation.And In face of the serious situation of current indoor environment " domestic trouble and foreign invasion ", how to carry out effectively ventilation cleaning turns into crucial problem.By Windowing ventilation solves room air pollution and cannot but avoid the influence of outdoor haze etc., and many residents are by selecting and purchasing air purifier Improve air quality, but door and window is closed and the rate of ventilation of gravity-flow ventilation can be caused extremely low, it is difficult to and what is distributed in effective dilution chamber is each Organic matter, such as formaldehyde, VOC the and CO2 human body metabolites of finishing generation are planted, therefore, in the urgent need to proposing a kind of science Effective windowing pattern.General room all uses single IAQ sensors at present, can only obtain the immediate status of room air, The quality of different ventilation schemes cannot be compared.The IAQ monitoring devices of legacy equipment are mostly expensive, and volume is larger, is arranged on The daily life of resident must be influenceed in family.And imaging first-class monitoring device can undoubtedly influence the life privacy of resident.

The content of the invention

The present invention proposes the long-term online prison of a kind of indoor environment based on technology of Internet of things and energy consumption regarding to the issue above Examining system.Can system monitoring difference ventilation form under indoor air quality and energy consumption, can be used for the length of indoor air environment Phase monitors and studies, and is that Switch for door and window accumulates number for the influence of indoor air quality and energy consumption under further studying gravity-flow ventilation According to.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of indoor environment based on technology of Internet of things proposed by the present invention and energy consumption Long-term on-line monitoring method, wherein, be provided with air-conditioner and air purifier indoors, and include indoor air chemical pollution unit, Close window and appliance power monitoring unit and Cloud Server;The indoor air chemical pollution unit includes arrangement indoors warm and humid Degree sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter sensor, first processor With Wifi modules;The close window and appliance power monitoring unit include the window Magnetic Sensor being arranged on window, electrical equipment energy Consumption socket, second processing device, zigbee modules and radio network gateway;The electrical equipment energy consumption socket includes air conditioning energy consumption sensor and sky Gas purifier energy consumption sensor;The first processor will receive arrangement Temperature Humidity Sensor, carbon dioxide sensing indoors The data that device, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter sensor are collected are logical by analog quantity transformation, numeral Letter, pulse train mode are transferred to Wifi modules, and then reach the Cloud Server by router, and by data storage to institute In stating the database of Cloud Server;The second processing device passes through the data that the window Magnetic Sensor and energy consumption socket are collected Analog quantity transformation, digital communication, pulse train mode are transferred to zigbee modules, and then pass sequentially through radio network gateway and router Number of packages evidence reaches the Cloud Server, and by the database of data storage to the Cloud Server;The Cloud Server will connect Visual presentation is carried out after the data deciphering for receiving, the real-time display of data is realized in data terminal, is downloaded immediately;If monitoring To due to power-off, suspension and when causing loss of data and no longer carrying out real time propelling movement, system sends mail and is reminded to specified mailbox Keeper checks the user equipment i.e. situation of all the sensors in time, is out of order side by side.

During on-line monitoring, real time propelling movement heartbeat signal between all the sensors and Cloud Server, to real-time monitor The exception of user equipment (including above-mentioned all the sensors and related device).

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

Can system monitoring difference ventilation form under indoor air quality and the integrated service of energy consumption, multimode, small volume Ingeniously, long-term on-line monitoring, low cost, the wide network coverage, networking flexibility etc. are capable of achieving.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of on-line monitoring system of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, described is specific Embodiment is only explained to the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention.

As shown in figure 1, the long-term online prison of a kind of indoor environment based on technology of Internet of things proposed by the present invention and energy consumption Survey method, wherein, be provided with air-conditioner and air purifier and indoor air chemical pollution unit indoors, and include close window and Appliance power monitoring unit and Cloud Server.

The indoor air chemical pollution unit includes arranging first processor indoors and Wifi modules.

The close window and appliance power monitoring unit include the window Magnetic Sensor being arranged on window, and electrical equipment energy consumption is inserted Seat, second processing device, zigbee modules and radio network gateway;The electrical equipment energy consumption socket includes that air conditioning energy consumption sensor and air are net Change device energy consumption sensor.

In R&D process of the invention, IAQ sensors are placed (by above-mentioned temperature and humidity sensing in the research room of premises Device, carbon dioxide sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter (VOC) sensor integration are integrated Change), and select properly to layout, can approach indoor mean concentration not influence the daily life of personnel again.Can openable windows in every fan Window Magnetic Sensor is installed on family.Air conditioning energy consumption socket (air conditioning energy consumption sensor) and air are installed at air-conditioning and clarifier power supply Clarifier energy consumption socket (air purifier energy consumption sensor).Outdoor Air Parameters and meteorological data can be obtained by public network Take.Described first processor, second processing device are a kind of single-chip microcomputer.

The first processor will receive arrangement Temperature Humidity Sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, PM2.5 sensings indoors The data that device, formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter sensor are collected pass through analog quantity transformation, digital communication, pulse train Mode is transferred to Wifi modules, and then reaches the Cloud Server by router, and by data storage to the Cloud Server Database in.

The data that the second processing device collects the window Magnetic Sensor and energy consumption socket pass through analog quantity transformation, number Word communication, pulse train mode are transferred to zigbee modules, and then pass sequentially through radio network gateway and route device data reaches institute Cloud Server is stated, and by the database of data storage to the Cloud Server.

Respective advantage can be given full play to reference to two kinds of networking modes in the present invention, wherein, Zigbee is low in energy consumption, but Transmission range is limited, for this installation site dispersion of window sensor, the more difficult sensor for finding external power supply fully Zigbee networking modes advantage low in energy consumption is played, common batteries can solve its electrical problem.And transmission range is limited Problem is then arranged by rational radio network gateway makes window sensor be in effective transmission range.Wifi agreement transmission means is covered Lid scope is larger, and transmission range is fast.For indoor environment parameter, the integrated of multimode can be by six kinds of indoor environments Parameter (temperature, humidity, CO2 concentration, PM2.5, formaldehyde, VOC) packing is uploaded to Cloud Server together.

Visual presentation is carried out after the data deciphering that the Cloud Server will be received, data are realized in data terminal Display in real time, immediately download.

During on-line monitoring, real time propelling movement heartbeat signal between all the sensors and Cloud Server, to real-time monitor The exception of user equipment, if monitor due to power-off, suspension and when causing loss of data and no longer carrying out real time propelling movement, system hair Send mail to remind keeper to check the user equipment i.e. situation of all the sensors in time to specified mailbox, be out of order side by side.

To sum up, long-term on-line monitoring system of the invention by Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, formaldehyde sensor, The data that CO2 sensors, VOC sensors and window Magnetic Sensor, energy consumption socket are collected pass to (the cloud service of internet high in the clouds Device) preliminary data processing is carried out, can be used for the long term monitoring of indoor air environment and research, it is door and window under research gravity-flow ventilation Switch and provide basic data for the influence of indoor air quality and energy consumption.

Research material:Using monitoring method proposed by the present invention by gathering five, China climatic province 10 family of area 260 The power consumption of the actual switch window behavior of resident, real time environment parameter, air-conditioning and clarifier, sets up the database of large sample amount. User's window is for the actual influence of indoor pollutant concentration and by various hands under analyzing different outdoor pollutant levels The energy consumption that section (window, unlatching air purifier) improves caused by indoor air quality changes (by monitoring air-conditioning and purification The power of device is obtained), the data analysis based on big data, by Frequent Pattern Mining, is calculated using data minings such as cluster, classification Method, obtains China resident several windowing patterns commonly used and the behavior model for opening clarifier.And supervised by indoor environment parameter Survey can obtain different chamber's extracellular concentration dropping window and open actual influence of the air purifier to indoor concentration, and Scientific evaluation China is not Ventilation and air purifier mode and correspondingly IAQ with area house.By the long term monitoring data of early stage, Compare windowing ventilation+purifyer for room air and infiltration wind+purifyer for room air mode Particulate Pollution, volatility indoors The difference of Organic Pollution, air conditioner energy consumption aspects.Propose different outdoor PM2.5 concentration and under the different finishing times it is suitable Effective " the windowing index " of China Different climate area resident, " opening clarifier index ".

Although above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, invention has been described, the invention is not limited in above-mentioned specific implementation Mode, above-mentioned specific embodiment is only schematical, and rather than restricted, one of ordinary skill in the art is at this Under the enlightenment of invention, without deviating from the spirit of the invention, many variations can also be made, these belong to of the invention Within protection.

Claims (2)

1. the long-term on-line monitoring method of a kind of indoor environment based on technology of Internet of things and energy consumption, wherein, sky is provided with indoors Device and air purifier are adjusted, and include indoor air chemical pollution unit and Cloud Server, it is characterised in that
The on-line monitoring system also includes close window and appliance power monitoring unit;
The indoor air chemical pollution unit includes arrangement Temperature Humidity Sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, PM2.5 sensings indoors Device, formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter sensor, first processor and Wifi modules;
The close window and appliance power monitoring unit include the window Magnetic Sensor being arranged on window, electrical equipment energy consumption socket, Second processing device, zigbee modules and radio network gateway;The electrical equipment energy consumption socket includes air conditioning energy consumption sensor and purification of air Device energy consumption sensor;
The first processor will receive arrangement Temperature Humidity Sensor indoors, carbon dioxide sensor, PM2.5 sensors, The data that formaldehyde sensor, volatile organic matter sensor are collected are by analog quantity transformation, digital communication, pulse train mode It is transferred to Wifi modules, and then the Cloud Server is reached by router, and by the number of data storage to the Cloud Server According in storehouse;
The data that the second processing device collects the window Magnetic Sensor and energy consumption socket are logical by analog quantity transformation, numeral Believe, pulse train mode is transferred to zigbee modules, and then pass sequentially through radio network gateway and route device data and reach the cloud Server, and by the database of data storage to the Cloud Server;
Visual presentation is carried out after the data deciphering that the Cloud Server will be received, the real-time of data is realized in data terminal Display, immediately download;
If monitor due to power-off, suspension and when causing loss of data and no longer carrying out real time propelling movement, system sends mail to finger Determining mailbox reminds keeper to check the user equipment i.e. situation of all the sensors in time, is out of order side by side.
2. indoor environment according to claim 1 based on technology of Internet of things and the long-term on-line monitoring system of energy consumption, it is special Levy and be, during on-line monitoring, real time propelling movement heartbeat signal between all the sensors and Cloud Server, to real-time monitor use The exception of family equipment.
CN201611190017.3A 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Internet of Things technology-based indoor environment and energy consumption long-term on-line monitoring method CN106706036A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107526344A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-12-29 深圳市盛路物联通讯技术有限公司 A kind of method for managing and monitoring and Internet of Things server
CN107909764A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-04-13 广州市景彤机电设备有限公司 A kind of fire hazard monitoring heartbeat system
CN108073121A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-25 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 A kind of Intelligent indoor air quality control device and method based on cloud computing
CN108088772A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-29 重庆大学 A kind of polynary indoor building materials VOCs distributes forecasting system and its application method
CN108386964A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-08-10 天津大学 A kind of gravity-flow ventilation control method reducing kitchen pollution object level
CN109933032A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-06-25 郑州升达经贸管理学院 A kind of intelligent home appliance remote control system and smart home server
CN111487906A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-08-04 上海亨通海洋装备有限公司 Underwater data acquisition controller and underwater connection box

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CN104596580A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 广东瑞德智能科技股份有限公司 Environmental monitoring system based on wireless home-appliance network
CN204389961U (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-06-10 晏文临 A kind of integrated monitoring socket and jack system
CN104739390A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-07-01 东莞星显家具有限公司 Intelligent human body heath and indoor environment monitoring system
CN204650204U (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-16 浙江工业大学 Based on the indoor environment intellectual monitoring control system of Internet of Things
CN105042765A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-11 重庆星能建筑节能技术发展有限公司 Intelligent indoor air quality adjusting system
CN105182954A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-23 云南大学 Embedded indoor environment network monitor system and method based on 51 one-chip microcomputer
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CN203870435U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-10-08 苏州申贝仪器有限公司 Intelligent household environment monitoring and adjusting system
CN104739390A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-07-01 东莞星显家具有限公司 Intelligent human body heath and indoor environment monitoring system
CN104596580A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 广东瑞德智能科技股份有限公司 Environmental monitoring system based on wireless home-appliance network
CN204389961U (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-06-10 晏文临 A kind of integrated monitoring socket and jack system
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107526344A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-12-29 深圳市盛路物联通讯技术有限公司 A kind of method for managing and monitoring and Internet of Things server
CN108088772B (en) * 2017-11-28 2020-09-29 重庆大学 Multi-element indoor building material VOCs emission prediction system and use method thereof
CN108088772A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-29 重庆大学 A kind of polynary indoor building materials VOCs distributes forecasting system and its application method
CN108073121A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-25 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 A kind of Intelligent indoor air quality control device and method based on cloud computing
CN107909764A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-04-13 广州市景彤机电设备有限公司 A kind of fire hazard monitoring heartbeat system
CN108386964A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-08-10 天津大学 A kind of gravity-flow ventilation control method reducing kitchen pollution object level
CN109933032A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-06-25 郑州升达经贸管理学院 A kind of intelligent home appliance remote control system and smart home server
CN111487906A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-08-04 上海亨通海洋装备有限公司 Underwater data acquisition controller and underwater connection box

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