CN106705718A - Heat pipe radiator with oblique heat-conducting surface - Google Patents

Heat pipe radiator with oblique heat-conducting surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106705718A
CN106705718A CN201611092184.4A CN201611092184A CN106705718A CN 106705718 A CN106705718 A CN 106705718A CN 201611092184 A CN201611092184 A CN 201611092184A CN 106705718 A CN106705718 A CN 106705718A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
evaporator
pipe
heat pipe
thermal conductive
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CN201611092184.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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廖忠民
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廖忠民
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Priority to CN201611092184.4A priority Critical patent/CN106705718A/en
Publication of CN106705718A publication Critical patent/CN106705718A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes
    • F28D15/0266Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes with separate evaporating and condensing chambers connected by at least one conduit; Loop-type heat pipes; with multiple or common evaporating or condensing chambers

Abstract

The invention provides a heat pipe radiator with an oblique heat-conducting surface. The heat pipe radiator with the oblique heat-conducting surface is characterized in that the included angle between the axis of an evaporation section of a heat pipe and the horizontal plane ranges from 30 degrees to 90 degrees, and the heat-conducting area is maximized on the premise that the condition is guaranteed; the included angle between the axis of a heat insulating section of the heat pipe and the horizontal plane ranges from 45 degrees to 75 degrees, and the included angle between the axis of a condensation section of the heat pipe and the horizontal plane ranges from 55 degrees to 90 degrees; an outer heat-conducting surface of a heat-conducting block of the evaporation section is kept being in close contact with the cooling surface of a working object, and auxiliary materials with good heat conductivity are smeared on the contact surface; the contact area between the inner heat-conducting surface of the heat-conducting block of the evaporation section and working media in the heat pipe is enlarged by adjusting the included angle between the inner-heat conducting surface of the heat-conducting block and the axis of the evaporation section; the condensation section of the heat pipe is inserted into a hole of a condensation section cooling rib, and condensation section cooling fins are connected with the condensation section cooling rib in a close contact mode; and a condensation section cooling assembly comprises an air cooling assembly or a liquid cooling assembly. The heat pipe radiator with the oblique heat-conducting surface has the beneficial effects that operating efficiency can be improved, energy is saved, and the environment is protected.

Description

Inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator
Technical field
The present invention relates to radiator field, more particularly to a kind of heat-pipe radiator.
Background technology
Using phase transformation and heat-conduction principle heat pipe due to heat transfer efficiency it is high, using a lot of in heat sink technology;Wherein One class is radiated using the face way of contact, but existing face contact-type heat-pipe radiator, and its evaporator section thermal conductive surface typically requires Horizontal positioned and less than condensation end radiating surface, but it is have larger inclination with horizontal plane that radiating surface can be usually met in engineering practice Inclined-plane and heat pipe can only on the target of single-contact, particularly 45 ° of inclined-plane and horizontal plane angle > when, if treatment is not When, it is often inefficient, it is especially apparent for on-plane surface curved surface or using the radiator of gravity assisted heat pipe for radiating surface.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention, be to provide it is a kind of for inclined-plane radiating surface and heat pipe can only single-contact target, The heat-pipe radiator of high efficiency heat radiation can be realized;Described inclined-plane radiating surface includes plane and on-plane surface curved surface.
A kind of inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, including, heat pipe, evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat conduction additional structure or annex, Condensation segment cooling component, installation coupling assembly;This section of heat of evaporator section that described heat pipe is directly connected to evaporator section heat-conducting block The axis of pipe and angle >=30 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °, on the premise of this condition is ensured, maximize heat-conducting area; The axis of this section of adiabatic section heat pipe and angle >=45 ° of horizontal plane and≤75 °, while taking into account, meet wanting for installation site Ask;The axis of this section of heat pipe of condensation segment and angle >=55 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °, while taking into account, meet installation site It is required that;Evaporator section heat-conducting block contacted with target the outer thermal conductive surface in direction and target radiating surface keep being in close contact and The functional auxiliary material of contact surface coated with thermally conductive, the good auxiliary material of described heat conductivility includes heat-conducting silicone grease;Evaporator section heat conduction Block contacts the interior thermal conductive surface in direction with inside heat pipe working medium, by the adjustment with the angle of cut of the axis of this section of heat pipe of evaporator section come The area that increase is contacted with inside heat pipe working medium;Do not contacted with inside heat pipe working medium, but the position contacted with evaporator section tube wall One layer of cladding and the continuous heat-conducting metal layer of evaporator section heat-conducting block, this part is the necessary component of evaporator section heat-conducting block;This The structure of sample causes that a part for evaporator section heat-conducting block turns into the tube wall of heat pipe, is conducive to heat to be radiated towards heat from target The conduction of plumber's matter;The adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe;Described heat conduction additional structure or annex include Condensation segment radiating ribs, condensation segment radiating fin, heat pipe condenser section insertion condensation segment radiating ribs hole in and keep good heat to connect Touch, described good thermo-contact include being welded as a whole or be fitted close and contact surface coated with thermally conductive it is functional it Auxiliary material, the good auxiliary material of described heat conductivility includes heat-conducting silicone grease, and condensation segment radiating fin and condensation segment radiating ribs are tight Contact connection is integrated connection, and described integrally connected is integrated or is welded as a whole including manufacture;Described heat pipe Including one or more than two, described heat pipe perpendicular to the cross section of axis or circular or be other planes Figure;Described condensation segment cooling component includes air-cooled component or liquid cooled module.
Described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, heat conduction additional structure or annex described in it, including surface has micro- The thermal conductive surface of structure, or the material of its body is the material of excellent heat conductivity, or its structure is the structure of excellent heat conductivity, Or the condensation segment of the adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe, or inner surface setting heat exchange fin, or heat pipe Radiating ribs and radiating fin are set;Described micro-structural includes the parallel projection or groove or horizontal direction of vertical direction Parallel projection or groove or the parallel projection of incline direction or groove, or vertical direction intersect with horizontal direction Projection or groove, or the raised or groove that horizontal direction and incline direction intersect, or vertical direction and inclination side To the projection or groove intersected, or the raised or groove that two different incline directions cross one another;Described structure is The tubing of the structure of excellent heat conductivity, including the tubing with spiral salient and helicla flute, it is described with spiral salient and spiral shell The tubing of spin slot, the tubing including the raised and multi-head spiral groove with single head or multi-head spiral;Described heat exchange fin includes Spiral fin;Described radiating fin includes the radiating fin with calking.
Fig. 1 is a kind of core component heat pipe schematic diagram of implementation method of described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, Fig. 1 Be front view sectional view represent, section plane is by the axis and evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 and target of heat pipe evaporator section 3 The perpendicular of the normal of the thermal conductive surface 201 in 1 contact direction;The radiating surface of target 1 is that big inclination angle inclined-plane (and is anti- It is a kind of relatively difficult radiating condition of work to big inclination angle inclined-plane, solves the problems, such as most difficult, other problems is all right Do);In order to increase the area of evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 and the thermal conductive surface in the cooling surface contacts direction of target 1, evaporator section is led The curved of the radiating surface of the curve form and target 1 of the thermal conductive surface in the cooling surface contacts direction of hot block 2 and target 1 Shape is just the same and more than some, and the part for exceeding is distributed in top and both sides;In order to increase evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 and heat pipe The area of the thermal conductive surface in working medium contact direction, evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 contacts the normal and heat of the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium The axis of pipe evaporator section 3 forms an angle of cut, and this angle of cut is bigger, and evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 contacts leading for direction with heat-pipe working medium The area in hot face is bigger, but it must be ensured that, the axis of this section of heat pipe of evaporator section 3 that evaporation ends heat-conducting block 2 is directly connected to and Angle >=30 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °, this necessary condition, and meet the requirement of installation site;Particularly, if evaporation It is plane that section heat-conducting block 2 contacts the thermal conductive surface shape in direction with heat-pipe working medium, then, described evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 and heat pipe The normal of thermal conductive surface in working medium contact direction forms an angle of cut with the axis of heat pipe evaporator section 3, is equivalent to evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 90 ° of the angle of cut (taking acute angle value) α <, angle of cut α that the axis of thermal conductive surface and heat pipe evaporator section 3 that direction is contacted with heat-pipe working medium is formed Smaller, the area that evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium is bigger;Not with the inside work of heat pipe evaporator section 3 Matter is contacted, but the position that contact with the tube wall of evaporator section 3 coat one layer and the continuous heat-conducting metal layer 203 of evaporator section heat-conducting block 2, This part is the necessary component of evaporator section heat-conducting block 2, can strengthen the evaporation ends tube wall of 2 opposite heat tube of evaporator section heat-conducting block 3 Heat transfer, evaporator section heat-conducting block 2 contacts the thermal conductive surface 201 in direction and the radiating surface of target 1 with target 1 (because tight Contiguity is touched so being projected as straight line section in drawing) keep being in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;Heat pipe 3 The axis of this section of adiabatic section 4 heat pipe and angle >=45 ° of horizontal plane and≤75 °, adiabatic section circumference of external tube wraps up heat-insulated material Material (for drawing does not draw clearly, is illustrated) hereby, to improve inside heat pipe heat conduction efficiency, particularly at heat pipe adiabatic section When the position that cooling air-flow is passed through, heat pipe adiabatic section circumference of external tube is provided with heat-barrier material, the efficiency effect to improving heat pipe Substantially;The axis of this section of heat pipe of condensation segment and angle >=55 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °;The fixed supporting function of 6, pillar.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of implementation method of described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, and Fig. 2 is cuing open for front view View is represented, section plane is the heat conduction for contacting direction with target 10 by the axis and evaporator section heat-conducting block 9 of heat pipe 11 The perpendicular of the normal in face 901;The radiating surface of target 10 is big inclination angle inclined-plane, and heat pipe 11 is straight with evaporator section heat-conducting block The axis of this section of heat pipe for connecing in succession and angle >=45 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °;Do not contacted with the internal working medium of heat pipe 11, but It is that one layer of the position cladding contacted with evaporation ends tube wall is to steam with the continuous heat-conducting metal layer 903 of evaporation ends heat-conducting block, this part The necessary component of section heat-conducting block is sent out, the heat transfer of the evaporator section tube wall of 9 opposite heat tube of evaporator section heat-conducting block 3 can be strengthened, evaporated Section heat-conducting block 9 contacted with target 10 direction thermal conductive surface 901 and target 10 radiating surface (because close contact Same straightway is projected as in drawing) keep being in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;The adiabatic section of heat pipe 11 Circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material (for drawing does not draw clearly, is illustrated) hereby, special to improve inside heat pipe heat conduction efficiency It is not that heat pipe adiabatic section circumference of external tube is provided with heat-barrier material, right when heat pipe adiabatic section is in the position that cooling air-flow is passed through The efficiency effect for improving heat pipe is obvious;In the hole of the condensation segment insertion condensation segment radiating ribs 14 of heat pipe 11 and keep good heat Contact, described good thermo-contact includes being welded as a whole or being fitted close and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, condensation Section radiating fin 13 is integrated with condensation segment radiating ribs 14 and is connected, and described fin includes the fin with calking;Evaporator section is led Hot block 9 is connected by bottom stator with radiator base 16, and condensation segment radiating ribs 14 are connected by upper stator with protective cover 12, is protected Shield 12 is protected to evaporator section heat-conducting block 9, heat pipe 11, condensation segment radiating ribs 14,13 protection supporting functions of condensation segment radiating fin Shield 12 is connected by attachment structure with radiator base 16, and the relaying air channel 17 in the middle of radiator base 16 is the air channel up blown A part, its bottom interface connecting fan or fan drum send or outside be inhaled into air-flow come wind passage (blower fan or Person's fan drum send or outside be inhaled into air-flow come in wind passage this figure be not drawn into, have in the figure of subsequent embodiment It is related to), the upper supply air duct 8 that upper interface connection protective cover 13 and support plate 15 are formed.
Further, it is reduction thermal resistance, improves efficiency, described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its evaporator section heat conduction The thermal conductive surface and target radiating surface that block contacts direction with target must keep conformal close contact, it is described it is conformal, Refer to the shape of the shape adaptation target radiating surface of the thermal conductive surface that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with target, it is described Adaptation target radiating surface shape refer to the thermal conductive surface that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with target shape and The shape of target radiating surface is identical curved surface;The shape of target radiating surface is plane, evaporator section heat-conducting block and work The shape for making the thermal conductive surface in object contact direction is also plane, and the shape of target radiating surface is curved surface, evaporator section heat-conducting block The shape that the thermal conductive surface in direction is contacted with target is then identical curved surface;Described is conformal conformal or two-sided suitable including one side Shape.
Fig. 3 is the inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator and the two-sided conformal level of target radiating surface that many heat pipes are constituted Sectional view, wherein target radiating surface 21 are curve forms, and evaporator section heat-conducting block 22 contacts the heat conduction in direction with target The shape in face adapts to the curve form of radiating surface 21, and, evaporator section heat-conducting block 22 contact direction with the internal working medium of heat pipe 23 Thermal conductive surface, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts shape (namely the song of radiating surface 21 of the thermal conductive surface in direction with target Face shape) it is similar and everywhere apart from equal, heat pipe 23 adapts to curved surface distribution, keeps thermal conductive surface uniform wall thickness;Fig. 4 is many heat pipes The inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of composition and the conformal horizontal sectional view of target radiating surface one side, although evaporator section heat conduction The shape that block 24 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target adapts to the curve form of radiating surface 21, (if this one side is not yet Adapt to the curve form of radiating surface 21, then radial direction thermal resistance is bigger, and efficiency is lower), but, in evaporator section heat-conducting block 24 and heat pipe 23 Portion working medium contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction with target not It is similar, (the not conformal situation of this conformal thermal conductive surface of a thermal conductive surface is better than two not conformal situations of thermal conductive surface, but Not as all conformal situation of two thermal conductive surfaces), cause heat pipe 23 can not edge and target contact direction thermal conductive surface shape The similar curved surface distribution of shape so that thermal conductive surface wall thickness is incrementally increased to two ends;Fig. 3 is compared with Fig. 4, it is clear that the conducting pathway in Fig. 4 Footpath is much longer, and radial direction thermal resistance is much bigger;Fig. 5 is that single heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator is two-sided with target radiating surface Conformal horizontal sectional view, wherein target radiating surface 26 are curve forms, the evaporator section of vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator The shape that heat-conducting block 27 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with target adapts to the curve form of radiating surface 26, and, evaporator section leads Hot block 27 contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with the internal working medium of heat pipe 28, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block 27 and the target side of contact To thermal conductive surface shape it is similar and everywhere apart from equal, adapt to the curve form of radiating surface 26 so that the thermal conductive surface of heat pipe 28 The curve form of radiating surface 26 is also adapted to, thermal conductive surface uniform wall thickness is kept;Fig. 6 is single heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator The horizontal sectional view conformal with target radiating surface one side, even if evaporator section heat-conducting block 29 contacts leading for direction with target The shape in hot face adapts to the curve form of radiating surface 26, but, evaporator section heat-conducting block 29 contact direction with the internal working medium of heat pipe 28 Thermal conductive surface, and described evaporator section heat-conducting block 29 contacted with target the thermal conductive surface in direction shape it is dissimilar, (this one The not conformal situation of the individual conformal thermal conductive surface of thermal conductive surface is better than two not conformal situations of thermal conductive surface, but leads not as two The all conformal situation in hot face), causing the thermal conductive surface of heat pipe 28 can not adapt to the curve form of radiating surface 26, thermal conductive surface wall thickness to Two ends incrementally increase;Fig. 5 is compared with Fig. 6, it is clear that the conducting pathway path length in Fig. 6, radial direction thermal resistance is big.
Preferably, described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, it is in the installation site with target cooling surface contacts Under conditions of certain, perpendicular to target radiating surface, (that is, evaporation ends heat-conducting block contacts the heat conduction in direction with target Face) plane in heat pipe cross sectional shape it is certain under conditions of, exist perpendicular to target radiating surface using in the section plane The size in the direction of the normal of the projection in the plane is more than the heat pipe of other direction sizes, particularly single heat pipe;Fig. 7 is to adopt With single shape of cross section be intermediate rectangular, the semicircular heat pipe 32 in two ends and evaporator section heat-conducting block 31, condensation segment radiating ribs 33, The schematic front view of the heat-pipe radiator of the composition of condensation segment radiating fin 34, (its side view orientation evaporator section heat-conducting block 31 and heat The mated condition of pipe 32 is identical with the mated condition of heat pipe 11 with evaporator section heat-conducting block 9 in Fig. 2);Fig. 9 is that heat pipe 32 is managed in Fig. 7 The cross-sectional view of body;Fig. 8 is using many circular cross-section heat pipes 36 and evaporator section heat-conducting block 35, condensation segment radiating ribs 37, condensation The schematic front view of the heat-pipe radiator of the section composition of radiating fin 38, (its side view orientation evaporator section heat-conducting block 35 and heat pipe 36 Mated condition it is identical with the mated condition of heat pipe 11 with evaporator section heat-conducting block 9 in Fig. 2), pointed hatch sections be they evaporate End heat-conducting block contacts the projection of the thermal conductive surface area of the directly contact in direction with inside heat pipe working medium, it is clear that directly connecing in Fig. 7 Heat-conducting area is touched than the directly contact heat-conducting area in Fig. 8 greatly, even if adjacent one of the heat pipe one in Fig. 8, direct in Fig. 7 Thermal contact conductance area is also bigger than directly contact heat-conducting area in Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, its core cell evaporator section heat-conducting block 1 and heat pipe assembly Accessory schematic diagram in the middle of processing, described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, the necessary well construction of its manufacture, strict demand, its Manufacture method include machining, cleaning, accessory making, cleaning, welding, leak detection, degasification, hunt leak, vacuumize, the filling work of topping up The programs such as matter, encapsulation, baking, inspection;The evaporator section heat-conducting block 91 of its core cell heat pipe and the key component of heat pipe assembly, steaming The inclined-plane thermal conductive surface that hair section heat-conducting block 91 is formed with the faying face of heat pipe 92 (is not only the shape of evaporator section heat-conducting block 91, also Laminating degree and watertight and airtight quality of connection including the shape of thermotube wall anchor ring 9206 and evaporator section heat-conducting block 91) system Make, be not that the inclined-plane thermal conductive surface needed for by manufacturing shaping by deforming big pressure processing to existing heat resistant material is (easy The micro-structural of heat pipe is destroyed, is shaped also not accurate enough), but manufactured by deforming small method, the small side of described deformation Method, including, satisfactory evaporator section heat-conducting block 91 is manufactured using appropriate method, small stress cutting manufacture is carried out to existing tubing Go out to meet angle requirement coordinates anchor ring 9206 with the heat pipe end that the matching surface of evaporator section heat-conducting block 91 coincide, then makes the two reliability Watertight and be tightly connected, it is described reliably to carry out watertight and be tightly connected including welding or bonding;Described matches somebody with somebody Part makes includes that opposite heat tube upper end encapsulation caps 9201 install welding one additional and matched with evacuator ozzle and topping up bottle placer ozzle Small pipeline 9202, and, degasification, hunt leak it is qualified after, small pipeline 9202 must first pass through a valve and evacuator pipe Mouth connection can be vacuumized rearward, again, after completion is vacuumized, first fastened valve and then just made evacuator ozzle solution The de- connection with valve;After being again reliably connected topping up bottle placer ozzle and valve and then carry out that topping up is filling, topping up is filled Cheng Hou, valve is first fastened, topping up bottle placer ozzle is freed the connection with valve;Then reliability is carried out to small pipeline 9202 again Encapsulation, subsequently can just unload lower valve;Described relieved package, including small pipeline is reliably sealed completely using contact resistance welding machine Close;Described topping up bottle placer, is the topping up bottle placer with delicate metering function.
Described air-cooled component includes air-cooled or air blast cooling, or the two or more combinations for cooling down component;Institute The air blast cooling component stated includes the combination or the combination in fan and air channel in blower fan and air channel, and described blower fan includes centrifugal Blower fan or axial fan, fan include centrifugal fan or tube-axial fan;The type of cooling of described air-cooled component Including from condensation segment radiating fin lower section upwards air-supply, or from the identical height of condensation segment radiating fin in the horizontal direction, Xiang Leng The air-supply of solidifying section radiating fin or exhausting, or the condensation segment radiating fin from condensation segment radiating fin obliquely downward position obliquely upward Piece is blown, or from condensation segment radiating fin oblique upper position obliquely upward to condensation segment radiating fin exhausting, or from condensation Section radiating fin top is to condensation segment radiating fin exhausting;Heat pipe adiabatic section circumference of external tube is provided with heat-insulated setting, particularly works as When heat pipe adiabatic section is in the position that cooling air-flow is passed through.
Described liquid cooled module includes at least one tank for coolant or a tank for coolant and one group of relaying pipeline and one Individual cooling source liquid case or one group of coolant duct and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case, or also include cooling Liquid case blower fan, liquid pump, magnetic valve;Described cooling source liquid case at least include two by relay pipeline and tank for coolant or The interface of coolant duct, cold liquid enters tank for coolant or coolant duct from low level interface, and flowing absorbs heat pipe simultaneously Heat, absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and tank for coolant blower fan accelerates coolant The cooling of liquid in case or source liquid case, liquid pump accelerates circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct, and solenoid valve control is cold But liquid pipe road is logical or disconnected with cooling source liquid case so that the liquid in coolant duct could only flow when needed;It is described Relaying pipeline or be separately provided or be the part of coolant duct;Described heat-pipe radiator cold group of liquid of configuration The type of cooling of part includes, or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered radiating in the coolant of tank for coolant, in tank for coolant Liquid can be radiated or fan radiating by the fin of tank for coolant;Or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered tank for coolant Radiated in coolant, the coolant in tank for coolant is connected by relaying pipeline with cooling source liquid case, coolant is from low level interface Into tank for coolant, heating rises after absorbing the heat of heat pipe, absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and is returned to from high-order interface Source liquid case cooling, blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or source liquid case can also be radiated by setting fin, Huo Zhefeng Machine and radiating fin coordinate radiating;Or coolant duct circulation heat pipe condensation segment, coolant duct by relay pipeline with Cooling source liquid case is connected, and cold liquid enters pipeline from low level interface, and the heat for absorbing heat pipe simultaneously is flowed along pipeline, absorbs heat The elevated liquid stream of temperature returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or source liquid case Can also be radiated by setting fin, or blower fan and radiating fin coordinate radiating.
Thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane of the present invention, by optimizing structure, improves the effect of contact of incline plane heat transfer Rate, its structure causes a part for evaporation ends heat-conducting block to turn into the tube wall of heat pipe thus shorten conducting path, reduce radial direction thermal resistance, And increase working medium and the contact area of evaporation ends heat-conducting block, improve heat and radiated towards heat-pipe working medium conduction from target Efficiency, add inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator using with target radiating surface it is conformal by the way of, it is particularly two-sided conformal, Efficiency is set further to improve;This structure is used for the heat pipe for having micro-structural, will not destroy the micro-structural of described heat pipe, described There is the heat pipe of micro-structural, including, mesh-type heat pipe, sintered heat pipe, fiber type heat pipe, very low power formula heat pipe, spiral groove type heat Pipe;For gravity assisted heat pipe, the condition of gravity assisted heat pipe normal work is ensure that;When using gravity assisted heat pipe be used for need inclined-plane to radiate And heat pipe can only be on the target of single-contact, and the radiating surface of target, when being non-plane curved surface, advantage especially shows Write, not only the cost of material is low, manufacture easy to process, and efficiency high, compared with prior art, raising operation effect can be played Rate, energy saving, the beneficial effect of environmental protection.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of core component heat pipe structure schematic diagram of implementation method of inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of implementation method of inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator.
Fig. 3 is many heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiators and the two-sided conformal horizontal cross-section of target radiating surface Figure.
Fig. 4 is many heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiators and the conformal horizontal cross-section of target radiating surface one side Figure.
Fig. 5 is single heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator and the two-sided conformal horizontal cross-section of target radiating surface Figure.
Fig. 6 is single heat pipe inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator and the conformal horizontal cross-section of target radiating surface one side Figure.
Fig. 7 is the heat-pipe radiator for using single shape of cross section to be the semicircular heat pipe composition in intermediate rectangular, two ends Schematic front view.
Fig. 8 is using many schematic front view of the heat-pipe radiator of circular cross-section heat pipe composition.
Fig. 9 is the cross-sectional view of the body of heat pipe 72 in Fig. 7.
Figure 10 is inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, in the middle of the processing of its core cell evaporation ends heat-conducting block and heat pipe assembly Accessory schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1.
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 2.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 3.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1, and drawing is sectional view, and section plane is the center by container 40 Line, the perpendicular parallel to the page;Working condition is;Radiating is needed inside container 40, radiating position is the conical surface side of container Radiated in face;Inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator is now used, heat-pipe radiator assembly 20 is to include removing heat pipe heat in Fig. 2 in figure The combination of the outer all parts of part, (therefore, in addition to explanation is needed in this section of word, the parts in Fig. 2 are in fig. 11 not Mark again), heat pipe assembly is using the cross section two-sided conformal inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator of single heat pipe as shown in Figure 5 Heat pipe assembly;The radiating surface 41 of container 40 and the evaporator section heat-conducting block 9 of heat-pipe radiator assembly 20 with the target side of contact To thermal conductive surface keep two-sided conformal gross area to be in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;To avoid passing through radiating fin The hot blast heat feedback of piece to container 40, using the outside exhausting in side;Fan supporter 42, blower fan side stand 43, shield of blower fan 44, Blower fan 45 constitutes air-cooled Power Component, and blower fan side stand 43 is middle fan installation plate, the structure of surrounding spoke, shield of blower fan 64 Protection is closed when ventilation, calm or reverse wind are opened during for loose-leaf structure, outside exhausting;During work, air-cooled Power Component Powerful exhausting, outer gas stream is by past condensation in the relaying air channel 17 in the middle of radiator base 16 and the guiding set of upper supply air duct 48 End radiating fin air-supply cooling;The method that ventilating and cooling is coordinated using conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, than only with logical Air cooling, effect is good and energy ezpenditure is also greatly saved.
Embodiment 2, Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 2, and drawing is sectional view, and section plane is by the center of heat pipe Line, the perpendicular parallel to the page;During equipment cabinet 50 in Figure 12 is operated in than relatively rugged environment, therefore shell 54 is used Full-closed structure with strengthen protection;Installation base plate 52 is vertically-mounted (other components thereon are omitted and do not drawn), due to hair The heat of thermal element 51 is larger, and radiating surface is inclined-plane, therefore uses inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, and heat pipe 18 is removed with Fig. 1 The heat pipe similar with heat pipe 11 in the combination of the outer all parts of pillar 6 or Fig. 2 of target 1, wherein evaporator section heat-conducting block 43 The thermal conductive surface that direction is contacted with target area >=heater element radiating surface 42 area, and keep gross area closely to connect Touch, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, although heat pipe condenser section is the not heavy lateral dimension with the top of installation base plate 52 Larger part 53 keeps safe distance so being inclined to the direction of installation base plate 52 is left;Wherein evaporator section heat-conducting block 181 with heat The normal of thermal conductive surface in the working medium contact direction inside pipe 18 forms an angle of cut with the axis of the evaporator section of heat pipe 18, to cause to steam Hair section heat-conducting block 181 contacts the area increase of the thermal conductive surface in direction with the working medium of inside heat pipe;Evaporation ends heat-conducting block 181 and work The thermal conductive surface in object contact direction and the radiating surface of heater element 51 keep being in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, Evaporation ends heat-conducting block 181 is connected by bottom stator with radiator base 59;The type of cooling that the present embodiment is used is heat pipe condensation Section is directly entered radiating in the coolant of tank for coolant and the coolant in tank for coolant is by relaying pipeline and cooling source liquid A kind of mode of case connection;Wherein heat pipe 18 relays pipeline through the hole position of the bottom of tank for coolant 55 and feed liquor 57th, going out liquid relaying pipeline 56 has watertight to set, and is that clearly omission does not draw drawing, illustrates hereby;Described tank for coolant 55 mainly play heat exchange action, can be used for the less situation of installation site, and the liquid in tank for coolant 55 is by relaying pipeline With cooling source liquid case (being drawn in this figure, illustrate hereby) connection, coolant is by feed liquor relaying pipeline 57 from low level interface Into tank for coolant 55, heating rises after absorbing the heat of heat pipe, absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature logical from high-order interface Cross out liquid relaying pipeline 56 and return to the cooling of cooling source liquid case;Cooling source liquid case is configured with liquid pump, valve (hand-operated valve or electromagnetism Valve), blower fan, and control circuit system, liquid pump accelerates circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct, and solenoid valve control is cold But liquid pipe road is logical or disconnected with cooling source liquid case so that the liquid in coolant duct could only flow when needed;Blower fan Accelerate cooling source liquid case in liquid cooling, or cooling source liquid case can also by set fin radiate, or blower fan and dissipate Hot fin coordinates radiating;Pillar 58 serves supports fixation.
Embodiment 3, Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 3, and drawing is sectional view, and section plane is the center by container 60 Line, the perpendicular parallel to the page;Working condition is that radiating is needed inside container 60, under heat is concentrated mainly in container Part, radiating surface 61 is back taper;Inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator is now used, heat-pipe radiator assembly 67 is to include figure in figure The combination of all parts, heat pipe assembly are two-sided conformal using cross section single heat pipe as shown in Figure 5 in addition to heat pipe assembly in 2 The heat pipe assembly of inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, the evaporator section heat conduction of the radiating surface 61 and heat-pipe radiator assembly 67 of container 60 The thermal conductive surface that direction is contacted with target of block 69 keeps two-sided conformal gross area to be in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive Silicone grease;Blower fan side stand 62, blower fan 63, shield of blower fan 64, blower fan lower supporter 65 constitute air-cooled Power Component, blower fan lower supporter 65 It is middle fan installation plate, the structure of surrounding spoke, ventilation, nothing is opened when shield of blower fan 64 is loose-leaf structure, updraft Protection is closed when wind or reverse wind;A large amount of grate openings are provided with protective cover 68 and screen pack is covered, have both ensured that air intake is unobstructed, and Prevent pollution particle from entering;Pillar 68 plays reinforcing radiator and blower fan;This covering device, using conformal vertical thermal conductive surface heat Tube radiator coordinates the method for ventilating and cooling, than only with ventilating and cooling, effect is good and energy ezpenditure is also greatly saved.
To describe the present invention in detail, this specification citing describes some concrete structures and data, and these are all only to be Explanation and it is non-limiting, the various changes done in the range of the basic thought of the claims in the present invention, replace and change is produced Raw all or part of equivalent, all within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator, including, it is heat pipe, evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat conduction additional structure or annex, cold Solidifying section cooling component, installation coupling assembly;It is characterized in that, the evaporator section that described heat pipe is directly connected to evaporator section heat-conducting block this The axis of one section of heat pipe and angle >=30 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °, on the premise of this condition is ensured, make heat-conducting area most Bigization;The axis of this section of adiabatic section heat pipe and angle >=45 ° of horizontal plane and≤75 °, while taking into account, meet installation site Requirement;The axis of this section of heat pipe of condensation segment and angle >=55 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 °, while taking into account, meet installation position The requirement put;Evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the outer thermal conductive surface in direction with target and target radiating surface keeps being in close contact And in the functional auxiliary material of contact surface coated with thermally conductive, the good auxiliary material of described heat conductivility includes heat-conducting silicone grease;Evaporator section Heat-conducting block contacts the interior thermal conductive surface in direction with inside heat pipe working medium, by the tune with the angle of cut of the axis of this section of heat pipe of evaporator section It is whole to increase the area contacted with inside heat pipe working medium;Do not contacted with inside heat pipe working medium, but contacted with evaporator section tube wall Position coats one layer and the continuous heat-conducting metal layer of evaporator section heat-conducting block, and this part is the necessary composition portion of evaporator section heat-conducting block Point;The adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe;Described heat conduction additional structure or annex radiates including condensation segment Muscle, condensation segment radiating fin, heat pipe condenser section insertion condensation segment radiating ribs hole in and keep good thermo-contact, it is described Good thermo-contact includes being welded as a whole or being fitted close and in the functional auxiliary material of contact surface coated with thermally conductive, described The good auxiliary material of heat conductivility include heat-conducting silicone grease, condensation segment radiating fin and condensation segment radiating ribs be connected for close contact or Person is integrated connection, and described integrally connected is integrated or is welded as a whole including manufacture;Described heat pipe include one or Person more than two, described heat pipe perpendicular to the cross section of axis or circular or be other planar graphs;Described Condensation segment cooling component includes air-cooled component or liquid cooled module.
2. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heat conduction additional structure or There is a thermal conductive surface of micro-structural on annex, including surface, or the material of its body is for the material of excellent heat conductivity, or its structure The structure of excellent heat conductivity, or the adiabatic section circumference of external tube of heat pipe wraps up heat-barrier material, or the condensation end of heat pipe sets scattered Hot muscle and radiating fin;Described micro-structural includes the parallel projection of vertical direction or groove or horizontal direction parallel Raised or groove or the parallel projection of incline direction or groove, or the projection that vertical direction intersects with horizontal direction Or groove, or the projection intersected of horizontal direction and incline direction or groove, or vertical direction intersect with incline direction Projection or groove, or the projection that crosses one another of two different incline directions or groove;Described structure is thermal conductivity The tubing of excellent structure, including the tubing with spiral salient and helicla flute, it is described with spiral salient and helicla flute Tubing, the tubing including the raised and multi-head spiral groove with single head or multi-head spiral;Described radiating fin is included with punching The radiating fin of seam.
3. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described inclined-plane thermal conductive surface heat pipe dissipates The core component heat pipe of hot device, in order to increase the face of evaporator section heat-conducting block and the thermal conductive surface in the cooling surface contacts direction of target The curve form and the radiating surface of target of the thermal conductive surface in the cooling surface contacts direction of product, evaporator section heat-conducting block and target Curve form it is just the same and more than some, the part for exceeding is distributed in top and both sides;In order to increase evaporator section heat conduction Block contacts the area of the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium, and evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the method for the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium Line forms an angle of cut with the axis of heat pipe evaporator section, and this angle of cut is bigger, and evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with heat-pipe working medium Thermal conductive surface area it is bigger, but it must be ensured that, this part of heat pipe being directly connected to evaporator section heat-conducting block in evaporator section Axis and horizontal plane angle >=35 ° and≤90 ° of this necessary conditions, and the requirement for meeting installation site;Particularly, If the thermal conductive surface shape that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with heat-pipe working medium is plane, then, described evaporator section heat-conducting block The normal of thermal conductive surface and the axis of heat pipe evaporator section that direction is contacted with heat-pipe working medium form an angle of cut, are equivalent to evaporator section and lead 90 ° of the angle of cut < that the axis of normal and heat pipe evaporator section that hot block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium is formed, this angle of cut Smaller, the area that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface in direction with heat-pipe working medium is bigger;Not with heat pipe evaporator section internal working medium Contact, but the position contacted with evaporator section tube wall coats one layer with the continuous heat-conducting metal layer of evaporator section heat-conducting block, this part It is the necessary component of evaporator section heat-conducting block, evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts the thermal conductive surface and target in direction with target Radiating surface keep being in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;The axis and water of this section of the adiabatic section heat pipe of heat pipe Angle >=45 ° of plane and≤75 °, adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material;The axis and water of this section of heat pipe of condensation segment Angle >=55 ° of plane and≤90 °;The fixed supporting function of 6, pillar.
4. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, heat pipe is direct with evaporator section heat-conducting block The axis of this section of heat pipe and angle >=38 ° of horizontal plane and≤90 ° of connection;Do not contacted with inside heat pipe working medium, but with It is evaporator section heat conduction that the position of evaporation ends tube wall contact coats one layer with the continuous heat-conducting metal layer of evaporation ends heat-conducting block, this part The necessary component of block, the radiating surface of thermal conductive surface and target that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with target keeps It is in close contact, and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease;The adiabatic section circumference of external tube parcel heat-barrier material of heat pipe;The condensation segment of heat pipe Insert in the hole of condensation segment radiating ribs and keep good thermo-contact, described good thermo-contact include being welded as a whole or Person is fitted close and in contact surface coated with thermally conductive silicone grease, and condensation segment radiating fin is integrated with condensation segment radiating ribs and is connected, described Fin include with calking fin;Evaporator section heat-conducting block is connected by bottom stator with radiator base, condensation segment radiating ribs It is connected with protective cover by upper stator, protective cover is to evaporator section heat-conducting block, heat pipe, condensation segment radiating ribs, condensation segment radiating fin Piece plays protection supporting function, and protective cover is connected by attachment structure with radiator base, and the relaying air channel in the middle of radiator base is past The part in the air channel of upper air-supply, its bottom interface connecting fan or fan drum send or outside is inhaled into coming for air-flow Wind passage, the upper supply air duct that upper interface connection protective cover and support plate are formed.
5. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, its evaporator section heat-conducting block with work right As the thermal conductive surface and target radiating surface that contact direction keep conformal close contact, it is described it is conformal, refer to evaporator section heat conduction Block contacts the shape of the shape adaptation target radiating surface of the thermal conductive surface in direction, described adaptation target with target The shape of radiating surface refers to the shape and target radiating surface of the thermal conductive surface that evaporator section heat-conducting block contacts direction with target Shape be identical curved surface;The shape of target radiating surface is that plane, evaporator section heat-conducting block contact direction with target The shape of thermal conductive surface be also plane, the shape of target radiating surface is that curved surface, evaporator section heat-conducting block are contacted with target The shape of the thermal conductive surface in direction is then identical curved surface;Described is conformal conformal or two-sided conformal including one side.
6. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, with target cooling surface contacts Installation site it is certain under conditions of, the certain condition of heat pipe cross sectional shape in the plane perpendicular to target radiating surface Under, the size using the direction of the normal of the projection in the section plane perpendicular to target radiating surface in the plane is big In the heat pipe of other direction sizes.
7. a kind of manufacture method of thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, including it is machining, clear Wash, accessory making, cleaning, welding, leak detection, degasification, hunt leak, vacuumize, the filling working medium of topping up, encapsulation, baking, the journey such as inspection Sequence;It is characterized in that, the evaporator section heat-conducting block of its core cell heat pipe and the key component of heat pipe assembly, evaporator section heat-conducting block and heat The manufacture of the vertical thermal conductive surface that the faying face of pipe is formed, be not by existing heat resistant material by deform big pressure processing come Thermal conductive surface needed for manufacturing shaping, but manufactured by deforming small method, the small method of described deformation, including, use Appropriate method manufactures satisfactory evaporator section heat-conducting block, carries out small stress cutting to existing tubing and produce to meet angle requirement Coordinate anchor ring with the heat pipe end that evaporator section heat-conducting block matching surface coincide, then the two is reliably carried out watertight and airtight company Connect, described reliably carries out watertight and be tightly connected including welding or bonding;Described accessory makes to be included on opposite heat tube End encapsulation caps install additional welding one small pipeline matched with evacuator ozzle and topping up bottle placer ozzle, and, degasification, examine After leakage is qualified, small pipeline must first pass through a valve and is connected with evacuator ozzle and can be vacuumized rearward, again, true taking out After sky is completed, first fasten valve and then evacuator ozzle is freed the connection with valve;Make topping up bottle placer ozzle again Topping up is reliably connected afterwards and then carried out with valve filling, after the completion of topping up is filling, first fasten valve, just make topping up bottle placer pipe Mouth frees the connection with valve;Then relieved package is carried out to small pipeline again, subsequently can just unloads lower valve;Described reliable envelope Dress, including small pipeline is reliably closed completely using contact resistance welding machine;Described topping up bottle placer, is with delicate metering work( The topping up bottle placer of energy.
8. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described air-cooled component includes air Self cooling or air blast cooling, or the two or more combinations for cooling down component;Described air blast cooling component includes blower fan and air channel Combination or fan and air channel combination, described blower fan include centrifugal fan or axial fan, fan include from Core type fan or tube-axial fan;The type of cooling of described air-cooled component includes being sent upwards from condensation segment radiating fin lower section Wind, or blown or exhausting in the horizontal direction, to condensation segment radiating fin from the identical height of condensation segment radiating fin, Huo Zhecong Condensation segment radiating fin obliquely downward position obliquely upward condensation segment radiating fin air-supply, or from condensation segment radiating fin it is oblique on Orientation is put obliquely upward to condensation segment radiating fin exhausting, or condensation segment radiating fin is taken out from condensation segment radiating fin top Wind;Heat pipe adiabatic section circumference of external tube is provided with heat-insulated setting, particularly when heat pipe adiabatic section is in the position that cooling air-flow is passed through When.
9. thermal conductive surface heat-pipe radiator in inclined-plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described liquid cooled module is included at least One tank for coolant or a tank for coolant and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case or one group of coolant pipe Road and one group of relaying pipeline and a cooling source liquid case, or also include tank for coolant blower fan, liquid pump, magnetic valve;Described Cooling source liquid case at least includes two interfaces by relaying pipeline and tank for coolant or coolant duct, and coolant is from low level Interface enters tank for coolant or coolant duct, and flowing absorbs the heat of heat pipe, absorbs the elevated liquid of thermal temperature simultaneously Stream returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and tank for coolant blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in tank for coolant, and source liquid case blower fan adds The cooling of liquid in the liquid case of fast source, liquid pump accelerates circulation of the cooling liquid in coolant duct, solenoid valve control coolant Pipeline is logical or disconnected with cooling source liquid case so that the liquid in coolant duct could only flow when needed;In described After pipeline or it is separately provided or is the part of coolant duct;Described heat-pipe radiator configuration liquid cooled module The type of cooling includes, or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered radiating, the liquid in tank for coolant in the coolant of tank for coolant Can be radiated by the fin of tank for coolant or fan radiating;Or heat pipe condenser section is directly entered the cooling of tank for coolant Radiated in liquid, the coolant in tank for coolant is connected by relaying pipeline with cooling source liquid case, cold liquid enters cold from low level interface But liquid case, absorbs heating rising after the heat of heat pipe, absorbs the elevated liquid stream of thermal temperature and returns to source liquid case from high-order interface Cooling, blower fan accelerate source liquid case in liquid cooling, or source liquid case can also by set fin radiate, or blower fan and dissipate Hot fin coordinates radiating;Or coolant duct circulation heat pipe condensation segment, coolant duct is by relaying pipeline and cooling source Liquid case is connected, and cold liquid enters pipeline from low level interface, and the heat for absorbing heat pipe simultaneously is flowed along pipeline, absorbs thermal temperature liter Liquid stream high returns to source liquid case cooling from high-order interface, and blower fan accelerates the cooling of liquid in the liquid case of source, or source liquid case can also Radiated by setting fin, or blower fan and radiating fin coordinate radiating.
CN201611092184.4A 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 Heat pipe radiator with oblique heat-conducting surface Pending CN106705718A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170524