CN106697964B - Control stacks brick arrangement mode method - Google Patents

Control stacks brick arrangement mode method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106697964B
CN106697964B CN201710092026.7A CN201710092026A CN106697964B CN 106697964 B CN106697964 B CN 106697964B CN 201710092026 A CN201710092026 A CN 201710092026A CN 106697964 B CN106697964 B CN 106697964B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
temporary discharge
discharge hole
platform
bearing
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Active
Application number
CN201710092026.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106697964A (en
Inventor
巫修海
马云芳
王国栋
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Taizhou Vocational and Technical College
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Taizhou Vocational and Technical College
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Priority to CN201710092026.7A priority Critical patent/CN106697964B/en
Publication of CN106697964A publication Critical patent/CN106697964A/en
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Publication of CN106697964B publication Critical patent/CN106697964B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B13/00Bundling articles
    • B65B13/02Applying and securing binding material around articles or groups of articles, e.g. using strings, wires, strips, bands or tapes
    • B65B13/04Applying and securing binding material around articles or groups of articles, e.g. using strings, wires, strips, bands or tapes with means for guiding the binding material around the articles prior to severing from supply
    • B65B13/06Stationary ducts or channels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B13/00Bundling articles
    • B65B13/18Details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines or bundling tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B27/00Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band; Baling fibrous material, e.g. peat, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B27/02Bundling bricks or other building blocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of brick stack device, controls to stack brick arrangement mode method and brick stacker, belongs to technical field of operation.It solves the problems, such as existing brick, and by manually stacking, there is large labor intensities.This brick stack device includes that brick is temporarily laid flat platform and brick load-bearing part, and brick, which is temporarily laid flat on platform, opens that there are three the temporary discharge holes of brick;Two temporary discharge holes of brick are arranged parallelly and adjacently, and the temporary discharge hole of another brick is vertical relative to the temporary discharge hole of above-mentioned two brick and is disposed adjacent;The bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick is equipped with bottom plate, brick be temporarily laid flat be provided on platform can make bottom plate translation gliding put brick executive item;Brick load-bearing part is located at the underface of the temporary discharge hole of brick.This brick stack device is both suitble to stack brick odd-level arrangement mode, is also suitble to stack brick even level arrangement mode, thus has the advantages that versatility is high.This brick stacker significantly improve stack efficiency and it is significant reduce it is artificial.

Description

Control stacks brick arrangement mode method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of operation, are related to a kind of packaging, especially a kind of to control heap using brick stack device Folded brick arrangement mode method.
Background technique
Brick is one of the common used material of building;The specification of standard solid clay brick is 240 millimeters × 115 millimeters × 53 millis Rice.
Traditional brick transport there is loading and unloading repeatedly, transportation cost height and the problem of breakage rate is high.For this purpose, it is thought that Brick is stacked to be packaged and is transported;And then people have devised a variety of stacking packing apparatus, as Chinese patent literature is recorded Brick automatically stacking packing apparatus (application publication number CN101870369A), a kind of brick stacking machine (application publication number CN103112724A) etc..
Structure as shown in Figure 1 is traditional brick stack manner, has the advantages that stable structure and average weight, Jin Ershi It closes two people and lifts carrying and small-sized crane handling.Said brick automatically stacking packing apparatus and brick stacking machine can not Stack out structure as shown in Figure 1;I.e. structure is only capable of by manually stacking as shown in Figure 1 at present, thus there is large labor intensities The problem of.
Summary of the invention
The invention proposes a kind of brick stack devices, and the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to how propose a kind of energy heap The brick stack device of folded structure as shown in Figure 1 out.
The invention proposes a kind of brick stackers, and the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to how propose that a kind of energy stacks The brick stacker of structure as shown in Figure 1 out.
Technical problems to be solved of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
This brick stack device includes that brick is temporarily laid flat platform and brick load-bearing part, and brick, which is temporarily laid flat on platform, opens that there are three bricks Temporary discharge hole;Two temporary discharge holes of brick are arranged parallelly and adjacently, and the temporary discharge hole of another brick is relative to the temporary discharge hole of above-mentioned two brick Vertically and it is disposed adjacent;The bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick is equipped with bottom plate, and brick, which is temporarily laid flat on platform to be provided with, can be such that bottom plate translation slides Dynamic puts brick executive item;Brick load-bearing part is located at the underface of the temporary discharge hole of brick.
When stacking odd-level, what first manipulation was opposite with two temporary discharge holes of brick disposed in parallel puts brick executive item, makes two Brick in the temporary discharge hole of brick disposed in parallel is fallen on brick load-bearing part;Manipulating above-mentioned brick executive item of putting again makes the temporary discharge hole of brick Bottom close;Then conveying device automatically inputs brick in two temporary discharge holes of brick disposed in parallel, and manipulation the Two guiding driving mechanisms move brick load-bearing part along the vertical line direction of two temporary discharge holes of brick disposed in parallel and make brick The underface that brick region is located at two temporary discharge holes of brick disposed in parallel is not placed in block load-bearing part;Finally again manipulation with Two opposite brick executive items of putting of the temporary discharge hole of brick disposed in parallel fall in brick on brick load-bearing part.
Stack even level when, first manipulate it is all put brick executive item, so that the brick in three temporary discharge holes of brick is all fallen within brick On load-bearing part;Manipulating above-mentioned brick executive item of putting again closes the bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick;Then conveying device is automatically by brick It inputs in the temporary discharge hole of brick, and the second guiding driving mechanism of manipulation keeps brick load-bearing part temporary along two bricks disposed in parallel The vertical line direction of discharge hole is mobile and makes not being placed with brick region in brick load-bearing part positioned at one relative to other two brick The underface of the temporary discharge hole of the vertically disposed brick of the temporary discharge hole of block;It is last individually to manipulate opposite with the temporary discharge hole of said one brick put Brick executive item falls in brick on brick load-bearing part.
This brick stack device is both suitble to stack brick odd-level arrangement mode, is also suitble to stack brick even level arrangement side Formula, two modes switch can put the realization of brick executive item by process control, be especially that by two modes and intersect progress;Cause And there is manipulation conveniently, the high advantage of versatility.This brick stack device also has structure simple, the low advantage of manufacturing cost
The brick stacker of following structures can be formed according to above-mentioned brick stack device, the first: this brick stacker Including rack, pile platform and brick stack device;By the way that pile platform lifting moving can be made between pile platform and rack First guiding driving mechanism is connected;Brick is temporarily laid flat the upper side that platform is located at pile platform, and brick is temporarily laid flat platform and rack It is fixedly connected;Brick load-bearing part is the transit plate that pile platform and brick is arranged in and is temporarily laid flat between platform, transit plate and rack it Between by the way that transit plate can be made to move horizontally and can at least make the second guiding driving that transit plate is moved to immediately below the temporary discharge hole of brick Mechanism is connected;The top of transit plate, which is equipped with, can arrange neat by four pieces of bricks on transit plate and press from both sides four pieces of bricks The brick handled arranges clamping device;Be additionally provided at the top of rack can by brick arrange clamping device be moved to pile platform just on The third guiding driving mechanism of side.
The step of stacking brick using this brick stacker is substantially are as follows: it is temporary that brick by conveying device is automatically inputted brick It is laid flat in the temporary discharge hole of brick of platform;Transit plate is located at immediately below the temporary discharge hole of brick;Brick executive item is put in manipulation makes bottom plate rapid translation Sliding, and then the bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick is opened, brick is fallen under gravity on transit plate.
After being placed with four pieces of bricks by design on transit plate, manipulation the second guiding driving mechanism movement is moved to transit plate Brick is temporarily laid flat the side of platform, i.e., transit plate is located at pile platform and brick is temporarily laid flat between platform;Then, brick sorting clip is manipulated It holds mechanism to cover outside four pieces of bricks, and then four pieces of bricks on transit plate will be located at and arrange neat and clamp four pieces of bricks Firmly;Then, manipulation third guiding driving mechanism is moved to brick arrangement clamping device right above pile platform, i.e., by four pieces of bricks Block is moved to right above pile platform;Guarantee between pile platform and four pieces of bricks before discharging brick or top layer brick and four Only there are tiny spacing between block brick, finally manipulate brick and arrange clamping device release brick, and then four pieces of bricks are piled up and exist On desired position.
Brick successively is stacked by odd number stack manner and even number stack manner, preferably, the brick number of plies is odd-level, and It is 11 or 13 layers.Stacking is packaged after the completion and brick of moving.
Second: this brick stacker includes rack, pile trolley and brick stack device;Brick load-bearing part is that setting exists The pile platform of the small car of pile;Rack is equipped with the traction mechanism that pile trolley can be made to move horizontally, pile platform and pile By the way that the 4th guiding driving mechanism of pile platform lifting moving can be made to be connected between trolley;Brick is temporarily laid flat platform and is located at pile The top of platform, brick are temporarily laid flat platform and are fixedly connected with rack;The top of pile trolley is equipped with can be by wherein one layer of four pieces of bricks Block arranges neat brick dressing mechanism.
The step of stacking brick using this brick stacker is substantially are as follows: it is temporary that brick by conveying device is automatically inputted brick It is laid flat in the temporary discharge hole of brick of platform;Pile trolley is mobile to be located at pile platform immediately below the temporary discharge hole of brick;Release brick it Only there are tiny spacing between preceding guarantee pile platform and bottom plate or between top layer brick and bottom plate;Brick executive item is put in manipulation makes bottom The sliding of plate rapid translation, and then the bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick is opened, brick is fallen under the effect of gravity.
It stacks after completing one layer of brick, the 4th guiding driving mechanism of manipulation moves down pile platform and block thickness phase Same distance;Brick dressing mechanism is manipulated again later to arrange four pieces of bricks of top layer or the second layer neatly.Successively press odd number heap Folded mode and even number stack manner stack brick, preferably, the brick number of plies is odd-level, and are 11 or 13 layers.It stacks and completes Afterwards, manipulation pile trolley makes pile trolley be moved to the side that brick is temporarily laid flat platform again, and then convenient for packing and brick of moving.
Compared with prior art, this brick stacker significantly improve stack efficiency and it is significant reduce it is artificial.It adopts It is particluarly suitable for using in brick field with the brick that this brick stacker stacks, brick, which is carried out stacking and packing, to be made to adopt when handling It is assisted with common hanging device or loading mechanization, and then significant reduce brick breakage and reduce brick transportation cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that brick stacks schematic perspective view.
Fig. 2 is the schematic view of the front view of this brick stacker in embodiment one.
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of this brick stacker different perspectives in embodiment one.
Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 is schematic perspective view when this brick stacker is in different station state in embodiment one.
Fig. 7 is the schematic perspective view that this brick arranges clamping device.
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 is the solid that gripper mechanism grips brick odd-level and even level arrangement mode are arranged using this brick Structural schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is the schematic perspective view of this brick stacker in embodiment two.
In figure, 1, rack;1a, sliding rail;2, pile platform;2a, strapping escape groove;3, brick stack device;3a, brick Temporarily it is laid flat platform;The temporary discharge hole of 3a1, brick;3a2, brick transfer passage;3b, bottom plate;3c, brick executive item is put;4, transit plate;5, Two guiding driving mechanisms;6, brick arranges clamping device;6a, outline border;6b, the first cylinder;7, third guiding driving mechanism;7a, Lifting cylinder;8, pile trolley;9, brick dressing mechanism;9a, cylinder is arranged;9b, bar is arranged;10, strapping band is rolled up;11, brick Block;12, grip block is arranged.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, this brick stacker includes rack 1, pile platform 2 and brick stack device 3.
Rack 1 is frame mechanism, and rack 1 is welded using metal tube and metal plate.
By the way that the first guiding driving mechanism of 2 lifting moving of pile platform can be made to be connected between pile platform 2 and rack 1 It connects;Specifically, the first guiding driving mechanism includes the first guide assembly and the first winch that multiple groups are vertically arranged, the first guide rail The guide rail of component is fixedly connected with rack 1, and the slippery fellow of the first guide assembly is fixedly connected with pile platform 2;The shell of first winch Body is fixed in rack 1, and halliard is connected on the reel of the first winch, and the top of rack 1 is rotatably connected to directive wheel, lifting Rope is connected after bypassing directive wheel with pile platform 2.When the first winch winds halliard, halliard pulls 2 edge of pile platform The first guide assembly move up;When the first winch release halliard when, pile platform 2 gravity and be stacked on pile Pile platform 2 is moved down along the first guide assembly under the gravity of brick 11 on platform 2;It can be realized by controlling the first winch 2 elevating movement stroke of pile platform and time-out position.
Brick stack device 3 includes that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a and brick load-bearing part.It is flat positioned at pile that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a One upper side of platform 2, brick are temporarily laid flat platform 3a and are horizontally disposed with, and brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a and is fixedly connected with rack 1.Brick is temporarily laid flat The temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick there are three opening on platform 3a, the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of two bricks are arranged parallelly and adjacently, the temporary discharge hole of another brick 3a1 is vertical relative to the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of above-mentioned two brick and is disposed adjacent;Specifically, the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick is in cuboid The vertical line of shape, the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of a brick is arranged along the longitudinal direction, and the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of other two brick is located at described one The right side of a temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick, the vertical line of the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of other two described brick are arranged in left-right direction.Brick The shape of temporary discharge hole 3a1 is identical with 11 shape of brick, the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick slightly larger than brick 11, enable brick 11 easily It is put into the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick.Brick, which is temporarily laid flat on the table top of platform 3a, is also provided with three and temporary mono- a pair of discharge hole 3a1 of three bricks The brick transfer passage 3a2 that should be connected, thus brick 11 is automatically inputted the brick that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a by conveying device In the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of block.
The bottom of the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick is equipped with bottom plate 3b, and the bottom that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a is provided with guide chute, bottom plate It is in this way both that bottom plate 3b can carry the weight of brick 11 and improve bottom plate 3b movement in the edge insertion guide chute of 3b Stability.Brick be temporarily laid flat be provided on platform 3a can make bottom plate 3b translation gliding put brick executive item 3c;Putting brick executive item 3c is Cylinder.According to the actual situation, putting brick executive item 3c can be used motor effect actuator and using rack pinion.
Brick load-bearing part is the transit plate 4 that pile platform 2 and brick is arranged in and is temporarily laid flat between platform 3a, and bottom plate 3b is using flat Shifting slide construction can reduce transit plate 4 and brick and temporarily be laid flat spacing between platform 3a, and reduction brick 11 as far as possible is temporarily laid flat from brick It is uncertain that breakage rate on pile platform 2, noise and final position are fallen on platform 3a;In other words, transit plate 4 and bottom plate 3b it Between spacing be just slightly larger than the height of brick 11.
By the way that transit plate 4 can be made to move horizontally and at least transit plate 4 can be made to be moved to brick between transit plate 4 and rack 1 The second guiding driving mechanism 5 immediately below temporary discharge hole 3a1 is connected;Specifically, the second guiding driving mechanism 5 includes multiple groups water The second guide assembly and first motor, the guide rail of the second guide assembly of flat setting are fixedly connected with rack 1, the second guide assembly Slippery fellow be fixedly connected with transit plate 4, the shell of first motor is fixedly connected with rack 1, the shaft of first motor and transit plate 4 Between be connected by screw rod screw component.Cylinder replacement first motor and screw rod screw component can be used according to the actual situation, It is i.e. mobile using cylinder driving transit plate 4.
The top of transit plate 4 be equipped with four pieces of bricks 11 being located on transit plate 4 can be arranged it is neat and by four pieces of bricks 11 bricks clamped arrange clamping device 6;Specifically, as shown in fig. 7, it includes being rectangle that brick, which arranges clamping device 6, Outline border 6a, be fixed with the first cylinder 6b at the short side center of outline border 6a, the long side center two sides of outline border 6a are respectively and fixedly provided with one Second cylinder 6c;It is respectively and fixedly provided on the piston rod of first cylinder 6b and the second cylinder 6c and arranges grip block 12.Pass through manipulation first The piston rod of cylinder 6b and the second cylinder 6c stretch out, and realize and arrange neat by four pieces of bricks 11 and clamp four pieces of bricks 11 Firmly;By manipulating the piston rod retraction of the first cylinder 6b and the second cylinder 6c, release brick 11 is realized.
As shown in figure 8, four pieces of bricks 11 are arranged in parallel on transit plate 4, outline border 6a is set in 11 outside of brick, the first gas The short side of arrangement grip block 12 and four pieces of 11 components of brick on cylinder 6b leans and the arrangement grip block 12 on the first cylinder 6b It leans simultaneously with the short side of two pieces of bricks 11;The long side of arrangement grip block 12 and four pieces of 11 components of brick on second cylinder 6c It leans and the arrangement grip block 12 on two the second cylinder 6c of a long side leans correspondingly with two pieces of bricks 11.
Shown in Fig. 9, four pieces of bricks 11 are arranged on transit plate 4, two pieces of bricks 11 are parallel and are located at both ends, remaining two Block brick 11 is also parallel and is vertically arranged with two pieces of above-mentioned bricks 11.Outline border 6a is set in 11 outside of brick, the first cylinder 6b On arrangement grip block 12 and the short sides of four pieces of 11 components of brick lean and arrangement grip block 12 and brick on the first cylinder 6b It leans in the middle part of the long side of block 11;The long side of arrangement grip block 12 and four pieces of 11 components of brick on second cylinder 6c lean and Crack is opposite and one second between arrangement grip block 12 and connected brick 11 on two the second cylinder 6c of one long side Arrangement grip block 12 while two pieces of bricks 11 on cylinder 6c lean.
The top of rack 1, which is additionally provided with, can arrange brick the third guiding that clamping device 6 is moved to right above pile platform 2 Driving mechanism 7.Third guiding driving mechanism 7 includes the horizontally disposed third guide assembly of multiple groups and the second motor, third guide rail The guide rail of component is fixedly connected with rack 1, and the slippery fellow of third guide assembly is connected with outline border 6a, the shell and machine of the second motor Frame 1 is fixedly connected, and is connected between the shaft and transit plate 4 of the second motor by screw rod screw component.According to the actual situation may be used Second motor and screw rod screw component are replaced using cylinder, i.e., it is mobile using cylinder driving transit plate 4.Third guiding driving mechanism 7 further include lifting cylinder 7a, is connected between the slippery fellow and outline border 6a of third guide assembly by lifting cylinder 7a;Pass through manipulation Lifting cylinder 7a can make to be set in four pieces of bricks, 11 outside in the outline border 6a of rectangle.
Following structure replacement realizations can be used according to the actual situation and be set in four pieces of bricks, 11 outside in the outline border 6a of rectangle, It is connected between transit plate 4 and the slippery fellow of the second guide assembly by lifting cylinder 7a.
It is that first manipulation is parallel with two that the method for stacking odd-level brick arrangement mode is controlled using this brick stack device 3 The temporary discharge hole 3a1 of the brick of the setting opposite brick 11 put brick executive item 3c, make in two temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick disposed in parallel It falls on transit plate 4;Manipulating above-mentioned brick executive item 3c of putting again closes the bottom of the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick;Then parallel to two Brick 11 is inputted in the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of the brick of setting, and manipulation the second guiding driving mechanism 5 movement makes not put in transit plate 4 It is equipped with the underface that 11 region of brick is located at two temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick disposed in parallel;It finally manipulates again parallel with two The temporary discharge hole 3a1 of the brick of setting opposite brick executive item 3c of putting falls in brick 11 on transit plate 4.
It is first to manipulate all bricks of putting to hold that the method for stacking odd-level brick arrangement mode is controlled using this brick stack device 3 Row part 3c all falls within the brick 11 in the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of three bricks on transit plate 4;Manipulating above-mentioned brick executive item 3c of putting again makes The bottom of the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick is closed;Then brick 11, and the second guiding of manipulation are inputted into the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of all bricks Driving mechanism 5 is mobile to be made not being placed with 11 region of brick in transit plate 4 positioned at one relative to the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of other two brick The underface of the vertically disposed temporary discharge hole 3a1 of brick;What finally independent manipulation was opposite with the temporary discharge hole 3a1 of said one brick puts brick Executive item 3c falls in brick 11 on transit plate 4.
When stacking brick 11 using this brick stacker, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, four pieces are placed with by design on transit plate 4 After brick 11, manipulation the second guiding driving mechanism 5 movement makes transit plate 4 be moved to the side that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a, i.e. transfer Plate 4 is located at pile platform 2 and brick is temporarily laid flat between platform 3a.Then, manipulation brick arranges 6 sets of clamping device in four pieces of bricks 11 Outside, and then four pieces of bricks 11 being located on transit plate 4 is arranged neat and clamp four pieces of bricks 11;As shown in Figure 5.So Afterwards, manipulation third guiding driving mechanism 7 is moved to brick arrangement clamping device 6 right above pile platform 2, i.e., by four pieces of bricks 11 are moved to right above pile platform 2;Guarantee between pile platform 2 and four pieces of bricks 11 before discharging brick 11 or top layer brick Only there are tiny spacing between block 11 and four pieces of bricks 11, as shown in Figure 6.Finally manipulation brick arranges the release brick of clamping device 6 Block 11, and then four pieces of bricks 11 are piled up on desired position.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure and principle of embodiment one, and the no longer burden description of essentially identical place is only retouched Different place is stated, the difference is that: it includes in the outline border 6a of rectangle and positioned at outline border that brick, which arranges clamping device 6, Two arrangement supporting rods on the inside of 6a, two arrange that supporting rods are vertically arranged and two arrange in two of supporting rods and outline border 6a Side is arranged in parallel, and arranges and is connected between supporting rod and outline border 6a by third cylinder and guide rod.By controlling third gas The piston rod of cylinder stretches out, make supporting rod push brick 11 and with outline border 6a collective effect realize by four pieces of bricks 11 arrange neatly with And four pieces of bricks 11 are clamped;By controlling the piston rod retraction of third cylinder, release brick 11 is realized.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure and principle of embodiment one, and the no longer burden description of essentially identical place is only retouched Different place is stated, the difference is that:
As shown in Figure 10, this brick stacker includes rack 1, pile trolley 8 and brick stack device 3.
Rack 1 fixes on the ground, and for rack 1 in flat, the top of rack 1 has sliding rail 1a, the wheel of pile trolley 8 It is arranged on sliding rail 1a, rack 1 is equipped with the second winch and reverse wheel, is connected with traction rope, traction rope on the reel of the second winch It is connected by reverse wheel with pile trolley 8, and then realizes that pile trolley 8 is moved along sliding rail 1a level by the second winch of manipulation It is dynamic.
Brick stack device 3 includes that brick is temporarily laid flat platform 3a and brick load-bearing part;Brick load-bearing part is that setting is small in pile Pile platform 2 in vehicle 8.It is oriented between pile platform 2 and pile trolley 8 by the way that the 4th of 2 lifting moving of pile platform can be made Driving mechanism is connected;4th guiding driving mechanism is identical as the first guiding driving mechanism in embodiment one, no longer tired herein Superfluous description.Brick is temporarily laid flat the top that platform 3a is located at pile platform 2.
The top of pile trolley 8, which is equipped with, to arrange neat brick dressing mechanism 9 for wherein one layer of four pieces of bricks 11.Brick Block dressing mechanism 9 includes the arrangement cylinder 9a being fixed on 8 medial surface of pile trolley, arranges and is fixed on the piston rod of cylinder 9a Arrange bar 9b.By control arrange cylinder 9a piston rod stretch out, make arrange bar 9b push brick 11, two be oppositely arranged it is whole Reason bar 9b collective effect realization arranges four pieces of bricks 11 neatly;The piston rod retraction that cylinder 9a is arranged by control, makes to arrange Bar 9b is detached from brick 11, avoids arranging the bar 9b influence movement of brick 11.
It is provided with strapping band volume 10 in the one side wall of pile trolley 8, strapping evacuation is provided on the table top of pile platform 2 Slot 2a;Strapping clamping device is provided on another side wall of pile trolley 8.Before stacking brick 11, first strapping band is rolled up Strapping in 10 is passed through strapping escape groove 2a and is bitten the head of strapping using strapping clamping device;Pile is flat in this way When platform 2 moves downward, strapping realizes the brick 11 for partly tying up heap poststack naturally.
Pile trolley 8 is moved away from after brick is temporarily laid flat immediately below platform 3a, is tied up the brick 11 of heap poststack using strapping Securely, and using lifting machine or the bundled brick 11 of loading mechanization removal.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of brick stack device control stacks odd-level brick arrangement mode method, brick stack device includes horizontally disposed Brick be temporarily laid flat platform (3a) and brick load-bearing part, brick, which is temporarily laid flat on platform (3a), opens that there are three the temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1);Two The temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) is arranged parallelly and adjacently, and the temporary discharge hole of another brick (3a1) is relative to the temporary discharge hole of above-mentioned two brick (3a1) is vertical and is disposed adjacent;The bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) is equipped with bottom plate (3b), and brick is temporarily laid flat on platform (3a) and sets Be equipped with can make bottom plate (3b) translation gliding put brick executive item (3c);Brick load-bearing part be located at the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) just under Side;It is characterized in that, it is that step in the following order carries out that this control, which stacks odd-level brick arrangement mode method, first manipulation and two A temporary discharge hole of brick disposed in parallel (3a1) it is opposite put brick executive item (3c), make two temporary discharge holes of brick disposed in parallel Brick (11) in (3a1) is fallen on brick load-bearing part;Manipulating above-mentioned brick executive item (3c) of putting again makes the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) Bottom is closed;Then brick (11) are inputted into two temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) disposed in parallel, and the second guiding of manipulation is driven Motivation structure (5) keeps brick load-bearing part mobile along the vertical line direction of two temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) disposed in parallel and makes brick The underface that brick (11) region is located at two temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) disposed in parallel is not placed in block load-bearing part;Finally Manipulation makes brick (11) fall in brick with the opposite brick executive item (3c) of putting of two temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) disposed in parallel again On load-bearing part.
2. a kind of brick stack device control stacks even level brick arrangement mode method, brick stack device includes horizontally disposed Brick be temporarily laid flat platform (3a) and brick load-bearing part, brick, which is temporarily laid flat on platform (3a), opens that there are three the temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1);Two The temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) is arranged parallelly and adjacently, and the temporary discharge hole of another brick (3a1) is relative to the temporary discharge hole of above-mentioned two brick (3a1) is vertical and is disposed adjacent;The bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) is equipped with bottom plate (3b), and brick is temporarily laid flat on platform (3a) and sets Be equipped with can make bottom plate (3b) translation gliding put brick executive item (3c);Brick load-bearing part be located at the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) just under Side;It is characterized in that, it is that step in the following order carries out that this control, which stacks even level brick arrangement mode method, first manipulation is all Brick executive item (3c) is put, all falls within the brick (11) in three temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) on brick load-bearing part;It manipulates again above-mentioned Putting brick executive item (3c) closes the bottom of the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1);Then brick is inputted into the temporary discharge hole of brick (3a1) (11), and manipulation the second guiding driving mechanism (5) makes brick load-bearing part along two temporary discharge holes of brick (3a1) disposed in parallel Vertical line direction it is mobile and make not being placed with brick (11) region in brick load-bearing part positioned at one relative to other two brick The underface of the temporary discharge hole of the temporary discharge hole of block (3a1) vertically disposed brick (3a1);Last individually manipulation is temporarily put with said one brick The opposite brick executive item (3c) of putting in hole (3a1) falls in brick (11) on brick load-bearing part.
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CN108082939A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-29 苏州市职业大学 Make the plate binder of pencil

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DE2808129C2 (en) * 1978-02-25 1982-07-15 Foerdertechnik Hamburg Harry Laessig (Gmbh & Co), 2000 Schenefeld, De
DE2831621A1 (en) * 1978-07-19 1980-01-31 Moellers Maschf Gmbh DEVICE FOR STACKING STUFFS BY LAYER ON A PALLET
US4278378A (en) * 1979-08-13 1981-07-14 Ami Industries, Inc. Brick stacker having automatic void row forming
FR2515616B1 (en) * 1981-11-05 1986-03-28 Baudouin Jean Claude Parallelepipedic units for storing, transporting and / or handling parallelepipedic objects
CH684365A5 (en) * 1992-08-12 1994-08-31 Bridgelane Ltd A process for the drying of perforated brick blocks and installations for carrying out the method.
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