CN106697380A - Automatic apple boxing machine capable of detecting apple integrity and maturity - Google Patents

Automatic apple boxing machine capable of detecting apple integrity and maturity Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106697380A
CN106697380A CN201710142702.7A CN201710142702A CN106697380A CN 106697380 A CN106697380 A CN 106697380A CN 201710142702 A CN201710142702 A CN 201710142702A CN 106697380 A CN106697380 A CN 106697380A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
apple
main frame
control main
plastic sheet
unqualified
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710142702.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106697380B (en
Inventor
胡珂
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Linyi ruifade Food Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
胡珂
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 胡珂 filed Critical 胡珂
Priority to CN201710142702.7A priority Critical patent/CN106697380B/en
Publication of CN106697380A publication Critical patent/CN106697380A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106697380B publication Critical patent/CN106697380B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/04Packaging fruit or vegetables
    • B65B25/041Packaging fruit or vegetables combined with their conservation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/04Packaging fruit or vegetables
    • B65B25/046Packaging fruit or vegetables in crates or boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B51/00Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
    • B65B51/10Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/14Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to control, or stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
    • G01N21/17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
    • G01N21/25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
    • G01N21/31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
    • G01N21/35Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry using infra-red light
    • G01N21/3563Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry using infra-red light for analysing solids; Preparation of samples therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
    • G01N21/84Systems specially adapted for particular applications
    • G01N21/88Investigating the presence of flaws or contamination

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic apple boxing machine capable of detecting apple integrity and maturity, and belongs to the field of automatic packaging. Whether apples have surface defects or not can be automatically detected, the maturity degree can be automatically detected, and meanwhile apple boxing can be achieved. The equipment comprises an apple integrity visual inspection device (1), an apple automatic bagging device (2), an apple automatic boxing device (3), an infrared spectrometer (108) and a control host machine. The high contrast visual inspection device is used for detecting apple surface images, the control host machine is adopted for extracting image characteristic values to identify the apple surface defects, automatic bagging and automatic boxing are adopted, and therefore automatic apple bagging and boxing can be achieved, and a large amount of manpower and a large number of material resources are saved.

Description

A kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree and maturity
Technical field
The invention belongs to automatic packaging technical field, it is related to automated packaging equipment, especially one kind can detect apple The apple automatic boxing machine of integrity degree and maturity.
Background technology
In actual life, open find after fruit fruit it is defective or it is underdone be that ten people that spare are gloomy, be also water Very common thing in fruit sales process, the presence of defect fruit is the major issue for being badly in need of in fruit sales process solving, because One defect of fruit can grow bacterium colony in its rejected region, and then influence the preservation of other zero defect fruit.
At present, fruit was picked also in the hand picking stage, and efficiency is low, and effect difference is generally asking of presently, there are Topic, in recent years machine vision technique with its speed it is fast, contain much information, function is more the features such as obtained in quality of agricultural product detection Extensive use, drastically increases the Quality Detection precision and efficiency of agricultural product, as agricultural product Aulomatizeted Detect and sorting skill The study hotspot of art.Inventor is studied the Apple surface defect detection based on machine vision technique and recognition methods, will Daily apple passes through many experiments after carrying out IMAQ, determines pretreatment and the dividing method of image, finally to extracting apple Surface defect image carries out matrix characteristic vector analysis, and realization is identified to defect kind.
Additionally, the bagging of apple and vanning are also required to substantial amounts of manpower to complete at present, it is impossible to which automatic bag sheathing is cased, significantly Reduce production efficiency.
The content of the invention
The present invention overcomes disadvantages described above, there is provided a kind of apple automatic boxing that can detect apple integrity degree and maturity Machine.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of can detect apple integrity degree and maturity apple automatic boxing machine, can be automatically performed apple integrity degree Detection with maturity and to apple automatic boxing, it is characterised in that including:Apple integrity degree vision inspection apparatus 1, apple is certainly Dynamic bagging device 2, apple automatic packing device 3, infrared spectrometer 108 and control main frame.
Further, apple integrity degree vision inspection apparatus include:Horizontal conveying belt 101, infrared detecting device 102, the One high contrast visual detection means 103, the second high contrast visual detection means 104, the first infrared illumination light source 105, Second infrared illumination light source, unqualified apple ejecting device 106, unqualified apple collection bin 107;The hair of infrared detecting device Penetrate end and receiving terminal is separately mounted to the both sides of horizontal conveying belt, for detecting whether there is apple to pass through from conveyer belt;It is hot Outer detection means has detected apple when passing through, and infrared detecting device is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame controlled level Conveyer belt suspends;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means are separately positioned on level biography Send above the both sides of band, divide on the camera of the first high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means The infrared illumination light source of annular is not installed;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection dress Put from the both sides of apple carries out high-contrast image collection, and the data is activation that will be gathered to control main frame, control to apple respectively Main frame processed judges whether apple surface has damage by carry out to high-contrast image feature recognition;If detecting damage, Control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, and apple is pushed out into unqualified apple slideway, and unqualified apple passes through Unqualified apple slideway falls into unqualified apple collection bin, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame is examined Measure apple not damage, illustrate that apple surface integrity degree is qualified, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission apple is extremely Apple automatic bag sheathing device.
Infrared spectrometer is arranged on the top of horizontal conveying belt, with the function of launching and receive infrared light, can test Ir data is simultaneously sent to control main frame, characteristic wave of the control main frame according to infrared spectrum by the infrared spectrum of apple surface The analysis of section determines whether apple is ripe.If it is immature to detect apple, control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device Stretch out, apple is pushed out to unqualified apple slideway, unqualified apple falls into unqualified apple and receives by unqualified apple slideway Header, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame detects ripe apples, control main frame controlled level is passed Band is sent to open, transmission apple to apple automatic bag sheathing device.
Further, apple automatic bag sheathing device is arranged on the end lower section of horizontal conveying belt, apple automatic bag sheathing device Including:Apple collection funnel 201, polybag bagging tool 202 and discharge belt 203 with heating function;Apple collection funnel The end lower section of horizontal conveying belt is arranged on, the apple for falling is taken for collecting horizontal transmission;Polybag with heating function The outlet lower section that bagging tool is arranged on apple collection funnel includes:First plastic sheet roller bearing 204, the second plastic sheet roller bearing, first Heated connector 205, the second heated connector and apple detection means 206;The first plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on first and adds Thermal connector top, for exporting the first plastic sheet, the second plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on the second heated connector top, uses In exporting the second plastic sheet;First heated connector and the second heated connector are vertical direction opening to setting Two semicircles that direction is disposed opposite to each other, wherein two semicircles above can heat the first plastic sheet and the second plastic sheet The semicircle of opening upwards is connected into, for catching the apple for falling;Apple detection means be arranged on the first heated connector and Second heated connector top, for detecting in heated connector whether there is the apple for falling caught, if having detected apple Really, apple detection means is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame control the first plastic sheet roller bearing and the second plastic sheet roller bearing Roll, export plastics, move down apple;Underlying two semicircles can connect the first plastic sheet and the heating of the second plastic sheet It is semicircle to be connected into that Open Side Down, is the first plastic sheet and the sealing of the second plastic sheet and cut-out plastics after being moved down for apple;Cut-out Afterwards, fallen by the apple that polybag is wrapped up and transported on exit conveyor apple automatic packing device.
Further, apple automatic packing device includes swinging slideway 301, inclines supporting plate 302 and pallet with groove 303;The initiating terminal for swinging slideway is connected to the end of exit conveyor, and the end for swinging slideway can swing;Tilt tray bag The hole that three rows can pass through apple is included, there is baffle plate to separate between every round;Pallet with groove is arranged on inclination supporting plate lower section Slant setting, and with incline supporting plate at a distance of the highly parallel of 5-15cm;Apple packing case is cased with outside pallet with groove;The One apple falls into swing slideway from exit conveyor, rolls into the first round of tilt tray by swinging slideway, and fall into the In one hole, and fall on pallet with groove;Second apple by identical mode, due to being filled out by apple in the first hole Full, second apple is fallen into the second hole, by that analogy, when row's apple is all filled up, is swung slideway and is rocked to the second round; After all holes of tilt tray are filled, apple vanning is completed.
Apparatus above can perform following steps:
1) whether control main frame starts horizontal conveying belt, and monitors infrared detecting device and detected apple from conveyer belt By;When infrared detecting device has detected apple to be passed through, infrared detecting device is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame Controlled level conveyer belt suspends;
2) control main frame controls the first high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means from apple The both sides of fruit carry out high-contrast image collection, and the data is activation that will be gathered to control main frame, control main frame to apple respectively Judge whether apple surface has damage by carry out to high-contrast image feature recognition;And control infrared spectrometer to gather apple Fruit surface infrared spectrum, control main frame is analyzed to the infrared spectrum for gathering, and judges whether apple is ripe;If detecting apple Fruit damages or immature, and control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, and apple is pushed out into unqualified apple slides Road, unqualified apple falls into unqualified apple collection bin by unqualified apple slideway, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened Open;If control main frame detects apple and do not damage and ripe, illustrate that apple surface integrity degree is qualified and maturation, control main frame Controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission apple to apple automatic bag sheathing device;
3) whether there is the apple for falling caught in control main frame control apple detection means detection heated connector, if Apple is detected, apple detection means is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame control the first plastic sheet roller bearing and second Plastic sheet roller bearing is rolled, and exports plastics, moves down apple;Apple controls heated connector after moving down be the first plastic sheet and second Plastic sheet is sealed and cut-out plastics;After cut-out, fallen by the apple that polybag is wrapped up and transported on exit conveyor apple and fill automatically Case apparatus;
4) control main frame control swing slide egress be located at incline planker the first round, and detect the first round whether by Fill up;Whether control main frame control swings slideway and is rocked to the second round after the first round is filled, and detects the second round It is filled;Control main frame control swings slideway and is rocked to the 3rd round after the second round is filled, and detects that the 3rd round is It is no to be filled;After the 3rd round is filled, apple vanning is completed.
The present invention has the advantage that:
1) feature recognition can be carried out to the image of high contrast visual detection means using control main frame, is realized full-automatic Apple integrity degree and maturity detection are carried out while automatic packaging apple;
2) bagging can be carried out to apple automatically;
3) apple can be cased automatically.
Brief description of the drawings
The schematic top plan view of Fig. 1 present devices.
The schematic side view of Fig. 2 present devices.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.
A kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree and maturity, can be automatically performed apple integrity degree Detection with maturity and to apple automatic boxing, it is characterised in that including:Apple integrity degree vision inspection apparatus 1, apple is certainly Dynamic bagging device 2, apple automatic packing device 3, infrared spectrometer 108 and control main frame.
Further, apple integrity degree vision inspection apparatus include:Horizontal conveying belt 101, infrared detecting device 102, the One high contrast visual detection means 103, the second high contrast visual detection means 104, the first infrared illumination light source 105, Second infrared illumination light source, unqualified apple ejecting device 106, unqualified apple collection bin 107;The hair of infrared detecting device Penetrate end and receiving terminal is separately mounted to the both sides of horizontal conveying belt, for detecting whether there is apple to pass through from conveyer belt;It is hot Outer detection means has detected apple when passing through, and infrared detecting device is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame controlled level Conveyer belt suspends;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means are separately positioned on level biography Send above the both sides of band, divide on the camera of the first high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means The infrared illumination light source of annular is not installed;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection dress Put from the both sides of apple carries out high-contrast image collection, and the data is activation that will be gathered to control main frame, control to apple respectively Main frame processed judges whether apple surface has damage by carry out to high-contrast image feature recognition;If detecting damage, Control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, and apple is pushed out into unqualified apple slideway, and unqualified apple passes through Unqualified apple slideway falls into unqualified apple collection bin, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame is examined Measure apple not damage, illustrate that apple surface integrity degree is qualified, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission apple is extremely Apple automatic bag sheathing device.
Infrared spectrometer is arranged on the top of horizontal conveying belt, with the function of launching and receive infrared light, can test Ir data is simultaneously sent to control main frame, characteristic wave of the control main frame according to infrared spectrum by the infrared spectrum of apple surface The analysis of section determines whether apple is ripe.If it is immature to detect apple, control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device Stretch out, apple is pushed out to unqualified apple slideway, unqualified apple falls into unqualified apple and receives by unqualified apple slideway Header, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame detects ripe apples, control main frame controlled level is passed Band is sent to open, transmission apple to apple automatic bag sheathing device.
Further, apple automatic bag sheathing device is arranged on the end lower section of horizontal conveying belt, apple automatic bag sheathing device Including:Apple collection funnel 201, polybag bagging tool 202 and discharge belt 203 with heating function;Apple collection funnel The end lower section of horizontal conveying belt is arranged on, the apple for falling is taken for collecting horizontal transmission;Polybag with heating function The outlet lower section that bagging tool is arranged on apple collection funnel includes:First plastic sheet roller bearing 204, the second plastic sheet roller bearing, first Heated connector 205, the second heated connector and apple detection means 206;The first plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on first and adds Thermal connector top, for exporting the first plastic sheet, the second plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on the second heated connector top, uses In exporting the second plastic sheet;First heated connector and the second heated connector are vertical direction opening to setting Two semicircles that direction is disposed opposite to each other, wherein two semicircles above can heat the first plastic sheet and the second plastic sheet The semicircle of opening upwards is connected into, for catching the apple for falling;Apple detection means be arranged on the first heated connector and Second heated connector top, for detecting in heated connector whether there is the apple for falling caught, if having detected apple Really, apple detection means is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame control the first plastic sheet roller bearing and the second plastic sheet roller bearing Roll, export plastics, move down apple;Underlying two semicircles can connect the first plastic sheet and the heating of the second plastic sheet It is semicircle to be connected into that Open Side Down, is the first plastic sheet and the sealing of the second plastic sheet and cut-out plastics after being moved down for apple;Cut-out Afterwards, fallen by the apple that polybag is wrapped up and transported on exit conveyor apple automatic packing device.
Further, apple automatic packing device includes swinging slideway 301, inclines supporting plate 302 and pallet with groove 303;The initiating terminal for swinging slideway is connected to the end of exit conveyor, and the end for swinging slideway can swing;Tilt tray bag The hole that three rows can pass through apple is included, there is baffle plate to separate between every round;Pallet with groove is arranged on inclination supporting plate lower section Slant setting, and with incline supporting plate at a distance of the highly parallel of 5-15cm;Apple packing case is cased with outside pallet with groove;The One apple falls into swing slideway from exit conveyor, rolls into the first round of tilt tray by swinging slideway, and fall into the In one hole, and fall on pallet with groove;Second apple by identical mode, due to being filled out by apple in the first hole Full, second apple is fallen into the second hole, by that analogy, when row's apple is all filled up, is swung slideway and is rocked to the second round; After all holes of tilt tray are filled, apple vanning is completed.
Apparatus above can perform following steps:
1) whether control main frame starts horizontal conveying belt, and monitors infrared detecting device and detected apple from conveyer belt By;When infrared detecting device has detected apple to be passed through, infrared detecting device is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame Controlled level conveyer belt suspends;
2) control main frame controls the first high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means from apple The both sides of fruit carry out high-contrast image collection, and the data is activation that will be gathered to control main frame, control main frame to apple respectively Judge whether apple surface has damage by carry out to high-contrast image feature recognition;And control infrared spectrometer to gather apple Fruit surface infrared spectrum, control main frame is analyzed to the infrared spectrum for gathering, and judges whether apple is ripe;If detecting apple Fruit damages or immature, and control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, and apple is pushed out into unqualified apple slides Road, unqualified apple falls into unqualified apple collection bin by unqualified apple slideway, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened Open;If control main frame detects apple and do not damage and ripe, illustrate that apple surface integrity degree is qualified and maturation, control main frame Controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission apple to apple automatic bag sheathing device;
3) whether there is the apple for falling caught in control main frame control apple detection means detection heated connector, if Apple is detected, apple detection means is to control main frame sending signal, control main frame control the first plastic sheet roller bearing and second Plastic sheet roller bearing is rolled, and exports plastics, moves down apple;Apple controls heated connector after moving down be the first plastic sheet and second Plastic sheet is sealed and cut-out plastics;After cut-out, fallen by the apple that polybag is wrapped up and transported on exit conveyor apple and fill automatically Case apparatus;
4) control main frame control swing slide egress be located at incline planker the first round, and detect the first round whether by Fill up;Whether control main frame control swings slideway and is rocked to the second round after the first round is filled, and detects the second round It is filled;Control main frame control swings slideway and is rocked to the 3rd round after the second round is filled, and detects that the 3rd round is It is no to be filled;After the 3rd round is filled, apple vanning is completed.
Embodiment described above is only that embodiments of the present invention are described, not to it is of the invention design and Scope is defined.On the premise of design concept of the present invention is not departed from, this area ordinary person is to technical scheme The all variations and modifications made, all should drop into protection scope of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is by appended claims It is not that described above is limited, it is intended that all changes fallen in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim are included In the present invention, any reference in claim should not be considered as the claim involved by limitation.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree and maturity, can be automatically performed ripe apples degree Detect and to apple automatic boxing, it is characterised in that including:Apple integrity degree vision inspection apparatus (1), apple automatic bag sheathing dress Put (2), apple automatic packing device (3), infrared spectrometer (108) and control main frame.
2. a kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Apple Integrity degree vision inspection apparatus include:Horizontal conveying belt (101), infrared detecting device (102), the detection of the first high contrast visual Device (103), the second high contrast visual detection means (104), the first infrared illumination light source (105), the second infrared light shines Mingguang City source, unqualified apple ejecting device (106), unqualified apple collection bin (107);The transmitting terminal of infrared detecting device and connect Receiving end is separately mounted to the both sides of horizontal conveying belt, for detecting whether there is apple to pass through from conveyer belt;When infrared detection dress Put when having detected apple and passing through, infrared detecting device is to control main frame sending signal, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is temporary Stop;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means are separately positioned on horizontal conveying belt top Both sides, be separately installed with the camera of the first high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means The infrared illumination light source of annular;First high contrast visual detection means and the second high contrast visual detection means are from apple Both sides carry out high-contrast image collection to apple respectively, and the data is activation that will be gathered, to control main frame, control main frame is led to Cross carry out feature recognition to high-contrast image judge whether apple surface has damage;If detecting damage, control main frame Control unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, apple is pushed out to unqualified apple slideway, unqualified apple is by unqualified apple Fruit slideway falls into unqualified apple collection bin, and control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame detects apple Without damaging, illustrate that apple surface integrity degree is qualified, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission apple is automatic to apple Bagging device.
3. a kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is infrared Spectrometer is arranged on the top of horizontal conveying belt, with the function of launching and receive infrared light, can test the red of apple surface Ir data is simultaneously sent to control main frame by external spectrum, and control main frame determines according to the analysis of the characteristic wave bands of infrared spectrum Whether apple is ripe.If it is immature to detect apple, control main frame controls unqualified apple ejecting device to stretch out, and apple is pushed away Go out to unqualified apple slideway, unqualified apple falls into unqualified apple collection bin, control main frame by unqualified apple slideway Controlled level conveyer belt is opened;If control main frame detects ripe apples, control main frame controlled level conveyer belt is opened, transmission Apple is to apple automatic bag sheathing device.
4. a kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Apple Automatic bag sheathing device is arranged on the end lower section of horizontal conveying belt, and apple automatic bag sheathing device includes:Apple collection funnel 201, Polybag bagging tool (202) and discharge belt (203) with heating function;Apple collection funnel is arranged on horizontal conveying belt End lower section, the apple for falling is taken for collecting horizontal transmission;Polybag bagging tool with heating function is arranged on apple receipts The outlet lower section for collecting funnel includes:First plastic sheet roller bearing (204), the second plastic sheet roller bearing, the first heated connector (205), Second heated connector and apple detection means (206);The first plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on the first heated connector top, For exporting the first plastic sheet, the second plastic sheet roller bearing is arranged on the second heated connector top, is moulded for exporting second Tablet;First heated connector and the second heated connector are vertical direction opening direction and are disposed opposite to each other to setting Two semicircles, wherein two semicircles above can by the first plastic sheet and the second plastic sheet heating connect into opening to On semicircle, for catching the apple for falling;Apple detection means is arranged on the first heated connector and the second heating connection Device top, for detecting in heated connector whether there is the apple for falling caught, if having detected apple, apple detection dress Put to control main frame sending signal, control main frame controls the first plastic sheet roller bearing and the second plastic sheet roller bearing to roll, and exports plastics, Move down apple;First plastic sheet and the heating of the second plastic sheet can be connected into that Open Side Down half by underlying two semicircles Circle, is the first plastic sheet and the sealing of the second plastic sheet and cut-out plastics after being moved down for apple;After cut-out, wrapped up by polybag Apple fall and transported on exit conveyor apple automatic packing device.
5. a kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Apple Automatic packing device includes swinging slideway (301), inclines supporting plate (302) and pallet with groove (303);Swing the starting of slideway End is connected to the end of exit conveyor, and the end for swinging slideway can swing;Tilt tray can wear apple including three rows The hole crossed, has baffle plate to separate between every round;Pallet with groove is arranged on inclination supporting plate inclined downward and places, and is held in the palm with inclining Plate is highly parallel at a distance of 5-15cm's;Apple packing case is cased with outside pallet with groove;First apple is transmitted from output Band falls into swing slideway, and the first round of tilt tray is rolled into by swinging slideway, and falls into the first hole, and falls in band groove Pallet on;By identical mode, due to being filled up by apple in the first hole, second apple falls into second apple In two holes, by that analogy, when row's apple is all filled up, swing slideway and be rocked to the second round;When all holes of tilt tray After being filled, apple vanning is completed.
CN201710142702.7A 2017-03-10 2017-03-10 A kind of apple automatic boxing machine can detecte apple integrity degree and maturity Active CN106697380B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710142702.7A CN106697380B (en) 2017-03-10 2017-03-10 A kind of apple automatic boxing machine can detecte apple integrity degree and maturity

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710142702.7A CN106697380B (en) 2017-03-10 2017-03-10 A kind of apple automatic boxing machine can detecte apple integrity degree and maturity

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106697380A true CN106697380A (en) 2017-05-24
CN106697380B CN106697380B (en) 2019-08-30

Family

ID=58917010

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710142702.7A Active CN106697380B (en) 2017-03-10 2017-03-10 A kind of apple automatic boxing machine can detecte apple integrity degree and maturity

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106697380B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109499915A (en) * 2018-11-10 2019-03-22 东莞理工学院 A kind of online vision detection system for apple sorting device
CN112306017A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-02 泰州市华仕达机械制造有限公司 Automatic control system of streamlined production line

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09192611A (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-07-29 Techno Ishii:Kk Image reader
CN103101638A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-15 郝保军 Bagging and encasement all-in-one machine
CN103323457A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 中国农业大学 Fruit appearance defect real-time on-line detection system and detection method
CN203316406U (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-12-04 宁夏大学 Automatic jujube nondestructive grading machine based on machine vision technology
CN103521456A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 尹伟彬 Automatic fruit screening and casing device
CN106290220A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-01-04 河南农业大学 Fruit maturity nondestructive detection system based on infrared photoacoustic spectra and method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09192611A (en) * 1996-01-24 1997-07-29 Techno Ishii:Kk Image reader
CN103101638A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-15 郝保军 Bagging and encasement all-in-one machine
CN103323457A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 中国农业大学 Fruit appearance defect real-time on-line detection system and detection method
CN203316406U (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-12-04 宁夏大学 Automatic jujube nondestructive grading machine based on machine vision technology
CN103521456A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 尹伟彬 Automatic fruit screening and casing device
CN106290220A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-01-04 河南农业大学 Fruit maturity nondestructive detection system based on infrared photoacoustic spectra and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109499915A (en) * 2018-11-10 2019-03-22 东莞理工学院 A kind of online vision detection system for apple sorting device
CN112306017A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-02 泰州市华仕达机械制造有限公司 Automatic control system of streamlined production line

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106697380B (en) 2019-08-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102339385B (en) Combined light perspective based visual recognition detection method of stems and stem ratios in leaves
CN203508418U (en) Device for detecting appearance of tobacco packaging box
CN106697380A (en) Automatic apple boxing machine capable of detecting apple integrity and maturity
CN204107867U (en) A kind of bottle cap defect detecting device
CN104668199A (en) Automatic fruit grading device based on machine vision and bio-speckle
CN105268659A (en) Red jujube screening machine based on visual technique
CN106829082A (en) A kind of apple automatic boxing machine that can detect apple integrity degree
CN104614375A (en) Nondestructive testing system for multi-layer food wrappage
CN207076673U (en) A kind of mushroom automatic sorting device
CN106742205B (en) A kind of apple automatic boxing method can detecte apple integrity degree and maturity
CN111112106B (en) Sorting device and method for identifying sizes of litchi seeds based on infrared spectrum
CN204346935U (en) The location of food multi-packaging thing nondestructive detection system and dust guard
CN106896114B (en) A kind of apple automatic boxing method can detecte apple integrity degree
Zhang et al. Development and evaluation of an apple infield grading and sorting system
US20090274811A1 (en) Defect separation from dry pulp
CN209918372U (en) A conveying formula testing platform for navel orange nondestructive test
CN107127163A (en) A kind of Novel button sorting equipment
CN204346936U (en) Food multi-packaging thing nondestructive detection system
CN111957605A (en) Watermelon detection and sorting equipment
KR101919986B1 (en) Chestnut sorting apparatus using continuous individual weight discrimination
CN206882197U (en) A kind of fruit detects hierarchy system
CN107185858A (en) A kind of fruit detection hierarchy system and method
CN107063592B (en) A kind of automation capacitor protector body sidewall and end face resistance to compression test sieve route selection
CN212568453U (en) Fruit maturity detection device
CN107008666A (en) A kind of simple type clamp quality detection device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20190612

Address after: 311800 No. 170 Tainan Village, Huandong Street, Zhuji City, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province

Applicant after: Yu Zhihao

Address before: 300384 innovation education base No. 20 Jinjing Road, Xiqing District, Tianjin

Applicant before: Hu Ke

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200923

Address after: 230031 b-1212, business office building, Woye garden, 81 Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Hefei cloud Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 311800 No. 170 Tainan Village, Huandong Street, Zhuji City, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: Yu Zhihao

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210816

Address after: 276000 No. 1802, Hualong Road, Hedong Industrial Park, Linyi City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Linyi ruifade Food Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 230031 b-1212, commercial office building, Woye garden, 81 Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province

Patentee before: Hefei cloud Technology Co., Ltd

TR01 Transfer of patent right