CN106685355A - Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106685355A
CN106685355A CN201710073979.9A CN201710073979A CN106685355A CN 106685355 A CN106685355 A CN 106685355A CN 201710073979 A CN201710073979 A CN 201710073979A CN 106685355 A CN106685355 A CN 106685355A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
photovoltaic
solar cell
collecting plate
blue film
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710073979.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕静
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Chengdu Poly Technology Co Ltd
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Chengdu Poly Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Poly Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Poly Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710073979.9A priority Critical patent/CN106685355A/en
Publication of CN106685355A publication Critical patent/CN106685355A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • H01L31/048Encapsulation of modules
    • H01L31/049Protective back sheets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/42Cooling means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/44Means to utilise heat energy, e.g. hybrid systems producing warm water and electricity at the same time
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The present invention relates to a photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device. The device comprises a solar cell piece array, one side of the solar cell piece array is provided with an armorplate glass, the other side of the solar cell piece array is provided with a backboard, EVA cushions are pasted between the solar cell piece array and the armorplate glass and between the solar cell piece array and the backboard, the solar cell piece array comprises a plurality of solar cell pieces which are connected through a solder strip and arranged in the array mode, and there is a gap between each two adjacent solar cell pieces; the backboard is a transparent backboard; a blue film heat-collection plate is arranged at the lower portion of the transparent backboard, and the blue film heat-collection plate comprises a heat-collection plate core and a blue film coating plated at the upper surface of the heat-collection plate core. The photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device can effectively reduce the work temperature of the solar cell piece array to allow the solar cell piece array to be located at a stable work state so as to improve the solar energy photoelectric conversion efficiency, improve the solar energy photo-thermal conversion efficiency and improve the solar energy integration utilization efficiency.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device
Technical field
The present invention relates to photovoltaic and photothermal solar technical field, more particularly to a kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of cleaning, economy, the energy of stabilization.The solar energy resources relative abundance of China, photovoltaic generation and Solar water heater industry has formd industrialization production through fast development in a few years, and technology is constantly brought forth new ideas, properties of product Constantly improved and optimizated, be currently widely used.During photovoltaic generation, Solar use efficiency only has hundred / more than ten, big energy is absorbed by battery and is converted to heat energy, if being reclaimed to these energy, is greatly improved solar energy Utilization rate.
For flat board crystal silicon solar batteries, the temperature coefficient of operating voltage (Vmp) is about -0.0045/ DEG C;Open-circuit voltage (Voc) temperature coefficient is about -0.0034/ DEG C.For thin-film solar cells, the temperature coefficient of operating voltage (Vmp) is about- 0.0028/ DEG C (equivalent 70 DEG C coefficient is 0.874);The temperature coefficient of open-circuit voltage Voc is about -0.0028/ DEG C (equivalent -10 DEG C when coefficient for 1.1).During photovoltaic generation, with solar cell junction temperature, temperature rises opens solar cell Road voltage Voc declines, and short circuit current Isc then slightly increases, and total cognition causes the power output of solar cell to decline.
The problem that the power output of solar cell can be caused to decline is raised for solar cell temperature, to opto-electronics It is an important problem.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device, it is intended to While improving solar energy photoelectric conversion efficiency, the photothermal conversion efficiency of solar energy is improved, so as to improve the comprehensive profit of solar energy Use efficiency.
To achieve the above object, a kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device proposed by the present invention, including solar battery sheet battle array Row, the side of the solar cell chip arrays is provided with armorplate glass, and opposite side is provided with backboard, the solar battery sheet battle array EVA bed courses, the solar cell chip arrays bag are bonded between row and the armorplate glass and between the backboard Multiple weldings that pass sequentially through are included to be connected the solar battery sheet arranged in array, per two adjacent solar battery sheets it Between be equipped with gap;The backboard is transparent back panel;Blue film collecting plate, the blue film collection are bonded with below the transparent back panel Hot plate includes the blue film coating of heat-collecting plate core and plating located at the heat-collecting plate core upper surface, and the solar battery sheet is included successively The substrate of stacking, metal molybdenum dorsum electrode layer, CIGS absorbed layers, CdS cushions, the intrinsic Window layers of ZnO, articulamentum, CGS absorb Layer, CdS cushions, the intrinsic Window layers of ZnO, ITO conducting window layers and silver electrode layer.
Used as a kind of improved plan, the distribution proportion between the solar battery sheet and the gap is horizontal 1:3 ~1:5, longitudinal direction 1:2~1:3.
Used as a kind of improved plan, the distribution proportion between the solar battery sheet and the gap is horizontal 1:4, Longitudinal direction 1:2.5.
Used as a kind of improved plan, the heat-collecting plate core is aluminium alloy heat-collecting plate core.
As a kind of improved plan, one is bonded in by heat-conducting glue between the transparent back panel and the blue film collecting plate Rise.
Used as a kind of improved plan, the heat-collecting plate core includes parallel arrangement of many heat pipes, many heat pipes Water inlet is communicated with water inlet pipe jointly, and the delivery port of many heat pipes is communicated with outlet pipe jointly, and the heat pipe is near described The side of blue film collecting plate is fixedly connected with upper cover plate, and the heat pipe is fixedly connected with down away from the side of the blue film collecting plate Cover plate.
As a kind of improved plan, heat-insulation layer is covered with below the blue film collecting plate.
Used as a kind of improved plan, the substrate is glass substrate, flexible metal foil substrate or flexible polyimide lining Bottom, the articulamentum includes the transparent metal oxide conductive layer and nano metal conductive layer that are stacked, the transparent metal Oxide conducting layer for Al, Ga or In doping ZnO constitute TCO thin film, or ito thin film one kind;The nano metal is conductive Layer is Mo films.
The photovoltaic and photothermal integral device that the present invention is provided, because it is all provided between two adjacent solar battery sheets Gap is put, the heat-sinking capability of solar battery sheet has been improved, and has used transparent back panel, the light that can not only improve sunshine is saturating Rate, can also efficiently transmit the heat that solar panel produced in photoelectric conversion process;And bonded below transparent back panel Blue film collecting plate, then can quickly and efficiently absorb transparent back panel transmission solar battery sheet in photoelectric conversion process Produced heat and the sunshine direct projection photo-thermal through the gap between solar panel, and photothermal deformation is carried out rapidly, The heat transfer for then being absorbed by heat-collecting plate core and being changed is gone out, and is recycled by people.
The photovoltaic and photothermal integral device that the present invention is provided, is effectively reduced the operating temperature of solar cell chip arrays, The working condition of stabilization is at, electricity conversion is improved;And produced solar battery sheet using blue film heat-collecting plate core Raw heat and the sunshine direct projection photothermal conversion absorption through the gap between solar panel, also solve because of space Limitation, implements photovoltaic generating system, and cannot implement opto-thermal system, causes the phenomenon that solar energy utilization ratio is low, greatly carries The utilization rate of luminous energy high.Especially use roof type or wall-body photovoltaic generating system, and demand hot water area or engineering, Can be practical extensively, it is suitable to batch production.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device of the invention;Fig. 2 is the pipe of heat-collecting plate core of the invention Road distribution map;Fig. 3 is the structural representation of solar battery sheet of the invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, it is right below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device, including solar cell chip arrays, the solar cell The side of chip arrays is provided with armorplate glass, and opposite side is provided with backboard, the solar cell chip arrays and the safety glass EVA bed courses are bonded between plate and between the backboard, the solar cell chip arrays pass sequentially through weldering including multiple The connected solar battery sheet in array arrangement of band, gap is equipped with per between two adjacent solar battery sheets;Institute Backboard is stated for transparent back panel;Blue film collecting plate is bonded with below the transparent back panel, the blue film collecting plate includes collecting plate Core and plating are located at the blue film coating of the heat-collecting plate core upper surface, and the solar battery sheet includes the substrate, the gold that stack gradually Category molybdenum dorsum electrode layer, CIGS absorbed layers, CdS cushions, the intrinsic Window layers of ZnO, articulamentum, CGS absorbed layers, CdS cushions, The intrinsic Window layers of ZnO, ITO conducting window layers and silver electrode layer.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the photovoltaic and photothermal integral device of present invention offer, for convenience of description, this figure The structure division relevant with the present invention is only provided.
Photovoltaic and photothermal integral device includes solar cell chip arrays, and the side of solar cell chip arrays is provided with tempering Glass plate 1, opposite side is provided with backboard, is bonded between solar cell chip arrays and armorplate glass 1 and between backboard EVA bed courses 2, solar cell chip arrays include that multiple passes sequentially through the solar battery sheet 4 that welding 3 is connected in array arrangement, Gap is equipped between per two adjacent solar battery sheets 4;Backboard is transparent back panel 5;It is bonded with below transparent back panel 5 Blue film collecting plate, blue film collecting plate includes the blue film coating 7 of heat-collecting plate core 8 and plating located at heat-collecting plate core upper surface.In the implementation In example, its heat conductivility can then be improved using the heat-collecting plate core of aluminum alloy material, improve heat transfer efficiency.Due at adjacent two Gap is provided between solar battery sheet 4, the heat-sinking capability of solar battery sheet 4 is improved, and uses transparent back panel 5, the light permeable rate of sunshine can not only be improved, can also efficiently transmit solar battery sheet 4 produced in photoelectric conversion process Heat;And the blue film collecting plate that transparent back panel is bonded below, then can quickly and efficiently absorb transparent back panel transmission too It is positive can the produced heat in the photoelectric conversion process of cell piece 4 and through solar battery sheet 4 between gap sunshine Direct projection photo-thermal, and photothermal deformation is carried out rapidly, the heat transfer for then being absorbed and being changed by heat-collecting plate core 8 is gone out, and Recycled by people.
With the overall length direction of solar panel array as laterally, width is longitudinal direction, by solar battery sheet 4 Horizontal 1 is set to the distribution proportion between the gap:3~1:5, longitudinal direction 1:2~1:3, then can make the overall utilization of solar energy Rate reaches preferable states, wherein the distribution proportion is set into horizontal 1:4 and longitudinal 1:2.5, then can make the overall profit of solar energy Highest is reached with rate.Certainly, it is horizontal 1 by branch's ratio setting:3 or 1:5, longitudinal direction 1:2 or 1:3 can also obtain close or phase As technique effect.
To be bonded together with blue film collecting plate with transparent back panel 5 using heat-conducting glue 6, then be conducive to transparent back panel 5 with indigo plant Light heat transfer between film collecting plate, improves the efficiency of light energy utilization.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, heat-collecting plate core 8 includes parallel arrangement of many heat pipes 81, and many water inlets of heat pipe 81 are total to With water inlet pipe 82 is communicated with, many delivery ports of heat pipe 81 are communicated with outlet pipe 83 jointly, and heat pipe 81 is near indigo plant film collecting plate Side is fixedly connected with upper cover plate 84, and heat pipe 81 is fixedly connected with lower cover 85 away from the side of blue film collecting plate.Using carrying Many heat-collecting plate cores 8 with heat pipe 81, the heat transfer that blue mould coating 7 is absorbed and converted to heat-conducting work medium, then by heat conduction work Matter is derived, and can not only be effectively reduced the operating temperature of solar battery sheet 4, improves broadcasting and TV transformation efficiency, is also helped too Making full use of for solar ray energy, improves photothermal conversion efficiency.And, by outlet pipe 83 by delivery to water heater tank, there is provided Domestic water, hereby, it is achieved that making full use of for solar energy, reduces energy resource consumption.Guarantor is covered with below blue film collecting plate Warm layer 9, then can prevent the heat in heat-collecting plate core 8 to be dispersed into external environment, improve heat energy recycle rate.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the solar battery sheet 4 includes the substrate 41, the metal molybdenum dorsum electrode layer that stack gradually 42nd, the intrinsic Window layer 45 of CIGS absorbed layers 43, CdS cushions 44, ZnO, articulamentum 46, CGS absorbed layers 47, CdS cushions 48, The intrinsic Window layers 49 of ZnO, ITO conducting window layers 50 and silver electrode layer 51.The substrate 41 is glass substrate, flexible metal foil Substrate or flexible polyimide substrate, the articulamentum 46 include the transparent metal oxide conductive layer and the nm of gold that are stacked Category conductive layer, the transparent metal oxide conductive layer be Al, Ga or In doping ZnO constitute TCO thin film, or ito thin film it It is a kind of;The nano metal conductive layer is Mo films.
The photovoltaic and photothermal integral device that the present invention is provided, because it is all provided between two adjacent solar battery sheets Gap is put, the heat-sinking capability of solar battery sheet has been improved, and has used transparent back panel, the light that can not only improve sunshine is saturating Rate, can also efficiently transmit the heat that solar panel produced in photoelectric conversion process;And bonded below transparent back panel Blue film collecting plate, then can quickly and efficiently absorb transparent back panel transmission solar battery sheet in photoelectric conversion process Produced heat and the sunshine direct projection photo-thermal through the gap between solar panel, and photothermal deformation is carried out rapidly, The heat transfer for then being absorbed by heat-collecting plate core and being changed is gone out, and is recycled by people.
The photovoltaic and photothermal integral device that the present invention is provided, is effectively reduced the operating temperature of solar cell chip arrays, The working condition of stabilization is at, electricity conversion is improved;And produced solar battery sheet using blue film heat-collecting plate core Raw heat and the sunshine direct projection photothermal conversion absorption through the gap between solar panel, also solve because of space Limitation, implements photovoltaic generating system, and cannot implement opto-thermal system, causes the phenomenon that solar energy utilization ratio is low, greatly carries The utilization rate of luminous energy high.Especially use roof type or wall-body photovoltaic generating system, and demand hot water area or engineering, Can be practical extensively, it is suitable to batch production.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications are also considered as Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of photovoltaic and photothermal integral device, it is characterised in that:Including solar cell chip arrays, the solar battery sheet The side of array is provided with armorplate glass, and opposite side is provided with backboard, the solar cell chip arrays and the armorplate glass Between and the backboard between be bonded with EVA bed courses, the solar cell chip arrays pass sequentially through welding including multiple The solar battery sheet being connected in array arrangement, gap is equipped between every two adjacent solar battery sheets;It is described Backboard is transparent back panel;Blue film collecting plate is bonded with below the transparent back panel, the blue film collecting plate includes heat-collecting plate core With plating located at the heat-collecting plate core upper surface blue film coating, the solar battery sheet includes the substrate, the metal that stack gradually Molybdenum dorsum electrode layer, CIGS absorbed layers, CdS cushions, the intrinsic Window layers of ZnO, articulamentum, CGS absorbed layers, CdS cushions, ZnO Intrinsic Window layer, ITO conducting window layers and silver electrode layer.
2. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solar battery sheet and it is described between Distribution proportion between gap is horizontal 1:3~1:5, longitudinal direction 1:2~1:3.
3. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The solar battery sheet and it is described between Distribution proportion between gap is horizontal 1:4, longitudinal direction 1:2.5.
4. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The heat-collecting plate core is aluminium alloy thermal-arrest Plate core.
5. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transparent back panel and the blue film collection It is bonded together by heat-conducting glue between hot plate.
6. the photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as described in any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that:The heat-collecting plate core bag Parallel arrangement of many heat pipes are included, the water inlet of many heat pipes is communicated with water inlet pipe, many water outlets of the heat pipe jointly Mouth is communicated with outlet pipe jointly, and the heat pipe is fixedly connected with upper cover plate, the heat pipe near the side of the blue film collecting plate Side away from the blue film collecting plate is fixedly connected with lower cover.
7. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:Covered below the blue film collecting plate There is heat-insulation layer.
8. photovoltaic and photothermal integral device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The substrate is glass substrate, flexibility Metal foil substrate or flexible polyimide substrate, the articulamentum include the transparent metal oxide conductive layer being stacked and receive Rice metal conducting layer, the TCO thin film that the transparent metal oxide conductive layer is constituted for Al, Ga or In doping ZnO, or ITO is thin One kind of film;The nano metal conductive layer is Mo films.
CN201710073979.9A 2017-02-10 2017-02-10 Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device Pending CN106685355A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710073979.9A CN106685355A (en) 2017-02-10 2017-02-10 Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710073979.9A CN106685355A (en) 2017-02-10 2017-02-10 Photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated device

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI657657B (en) * 2017-12-05 2019-04-21 茂迪股份有限公司 Solar cell module

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110259395A1 (en) * 2010-04-21 2011-10-27 Stion Corporation Single Junction CIGS/CIS Solar Module
CN102544138A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-04 南开大学 Copper indium gallium selenium thin film solar cell provided with aluminum nitride (AIN) thin film layer
CN102945893A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 中国电子科技集团公司第十八研究所 Method for preparing double-knot thin film solar cell through I-III-VI group materials
CN203721745U (en) * 2013-12-28 2014-07-16 山东宏力光电技术有限公司 Novel photovoltaic photo-thermal module
CN203942493U (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-11-12 宁波贝达新能源科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic and photothermal assembly
CN105870210A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-17 黄广明 CIGS/CGS double-junction laminated thin film solar cell

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110259395A1 (en) * 2010-04-21 2011-10-27 Stion Corporation Single Junction CIGS/CIS Solar Module
CN102544138A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-04 南开大学 Copper indium gallium selenium thin film solar cell provided with aluminum nitride (AIN) thin film layer
CN102945893A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 中国电子科技集团公司第十八研究所 Method for preparing double-knot thin film solar cell through I-III-VI group materials
CN203721745U (en) * 2013-12-28 2014-07-16 山东宏力光电技术有限公司 Novel photovoltaic photo-thermal module
CN203942493U (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-11-12 宁波贝达新能源科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic and photothermal assembly
CN105870210A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-17 黄广明 CIGS/CGS double-junction laminated thin film solar cell

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI657657B (en) * 2017-12-05 2019-04-21 茂迪股份有限公司 Solar cell module

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