A kind of adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform of skyscraper
The present invention relates to Installation Work of High-Rise Building field of tooling equipment, in particular to a kind of adjustable slide rail type of skyscraper
Overarm operating platform.
With the continuous development of China's economy, the quantity of skyscraper is increasing, and skyscraper majority uses steel knot
Structure based on structure, the node of steel construction is generally using welding or bolt connection type.Since structural steelwork is in construction,
Floor needs just can be carried out laying in overarm after the installation is completed, therefore steel construction is hung oneself from a beam and generally carried out temporarily admittedly after lifting in place
It is fixed, then need operator by corresponding equipment to overarm terminal operation, and the risk pole of high altitude operation constructing operation
Greatly, and to construction personnel biggish psychological pressure is generated.
In the prior art, when overarm terminal operation, it usually needs use operating platform of the overarm Hanging Basket as staff.
The overarm Hanging Basket of the prior art is mainly made of hook, interconnecting piece and basketry body three parts, and the hook needs for Hanging Basket of hanging oneself from a beam
It is designed then welding fabrication according to the size of specific installation overarm, but the beam as being applied to different specification size is installed
When, it needs to carry out the manufacture of corresponding operation platform according to different beam sizes, so that the versatility for Hanging Basket of hanging oneself from a beam is poor, weight
Multiple utilization rate is lower.Need to produce the overarm Hanging Basket of multiple and different specifications in the same Steel Structure Installation engineering, thus
The waste of material and manpower is caused, and improves the cost pressure in production process.
Operator after fastening installation site operation, needs the Hanging Basket that will hang oneself from a beam in overarm Hanging Basket operation process
It is transferred to other installation sites.It is operated in the lesser overarm of top surface area since operator stands, it can not be only according to one
Oneself power lifts movement of walking on Hanging Basket and beam, and Hanging Basket top of hanging oneself from a beam is not provided with corresponding handle device, operator
Be not easily found suitable impetus, thus can not one will hang oneself from a beam Hanging Basket transfer in place, need other staff by lifting rope cooperation
Overarm Hanging Basket can be just transferred to other installation sites, so that mobility is poor in whole installation process, occupies more people
The overarm Hanging Basket of the prior art cannot be arranged close to the side of overarm position to be caused to interfere to installation or welding operation
Structure, therefore when operator is from overarm Hanging Basket up or down, other staff is needed to hang operator using rope cooperation and send
Into or out basketry body.Overarm Hanging Basket is also not provided with corresponding extension board close to overarm bottom, and operator is installing
In the process, it if the vacancy for not noticing overarm Hanging Basket between bottom of hanging oneself from a beam, is easy to slip forward from the vacancy to be poured off
It hangs oneself from a beam out Hanging Basket, therefore there are serious industrial accident hidden danger.
Summary of the invention
The main object of the present invention is to propose a kind of skyscraper adjustable slide that is adaptable, facilitating transfer, safety and comfort
Rail hang oneself from a beam operating platform, it is intended to solve in the prior art operating platform can not be applicable in it is a variety of overarm be hooked, need other staff
It assists to carry out station transfer, the technical problem that operating platform safety is bad and comfort is bad.
To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform of skyscraper, the operation
Platform includes basketry body and towards the side left and right part of overarm and can be hung on the hook structure of overarm, institute set on the basketry body
State the telescoping crossbeam that hook structure includes scalable adjustment length, and the fore-clamp being fixedly connected vertical with the telescoping crossbeam
Gripping arm and rear clamping limb, the telescoping crossbeam include the front beam and rear cross beam of mutual part socket, the front beam and described
Rear cross beam can adjust the telescoping crossbeam active length by telescopic device；The basketry body is close to the side of the fore-clamp gripping arm
Being socketed equipped with basketry sliding sleeve and the fore-clamp gripping arm and pass through height adjustment device can adjust the basketry body height.
Preferably, the telescopic device include be set to inside the rear cross beam and can the locating convex block that protrudes of elasticity, institute
Locating convex block bottom is stated equipped with spring, the front beam surface is equipped with several positioning through hole and cooperates with the locating convex block to adjust
The active length of the telescoping crossbeam.
Preferably, the telescopic device includes the positioning screw hole for being set to the rear cross beam surface, and is set to described
Front beam surface and positioning long hole with positioning screw hole cooperation, the positioning screw hole can tether bolt by the front beam and
The rear cross beam is fixedly linked to adjust the active length of the telescoping crossbeam.
Preferably, the height adjustment device includes the bolt hole for being set to fore-clamp gripping arm surface, and is set to
Basketry sliding sleeve surface and several through-holes bolted with bolt hole cooperation.
Preferably, the height adjustment device include be set to inside the fore-clamp gripping arm and can elasticity protrusion surface it is convex
Block, the basketry sliding sleeve bottom side edge are positioned along equipped with groove and convex block cooperation.
Preferably, the fore-clamp gripping arm, the rear clamping limb, the front beam, the rear cross beam, the basketry sliding sleeve are equal
For square tube.
It is preferably located in the rear clamping limb of the operating platform side and is fitted with push rod, the push rod upper section is
Square tube, the push rod lower section are round tube, and the top that limited block contacts at the rear clamping limb is additionally provided in the middle part of the upper section of the push rod
End edge edge, the push rod top have also been vertically connected handle；The fore-clamp gripping arm and the rear clamping limb opposite flank are equipped with wheel
Fagging, the wheel fagging bottom end are lower than the telescoping crossbeam bottom end, and the outside side of the wheel fagging is equipped with wheel support and can roll
Dynamic push wheel is connected.
Preferably, the side of the basketry sliding sleeve and the fore-clamp gripping arm towards the basketry body, which is equipped with, climbs ladder brace plate,
It is described to climb that ladder brace plate quantity is identical and positional symmetry；Sustained height and it is symmetrical climb ladder brace plate and be hooked detachably climb ladder
Plate, it is described detachably climb gangboard both ends and be equipped with buckle and contact at described climb ladder brace plate towards lateral surface.
Preferably, basketry body bottom has been pivotally attached to turnover front panel close to the bottom edge of overarm.
Preferably, the fore-clamp gripping arm and the rear clamping limb opposite face bottom are equipped with hanging ring, described in opposite two
The mesoporous of hanging ring is wound with the safety belt of adjustable tightening length.
Technical solution of the present invention, which passes through, is mutually socketed connected front beam and rear cross beam adjustment fore-clamp gripping arm and rear clamping limb
The distance of opposite plane, the telescoping crossbeam active length that front beam and rear cross beam are formed and overarm cross-sectional width phase
It adapts to, adapts the hook of operating platform to the overarm of different specification size, so that operating platform and overarm are not allowed when being affiliated to
It easily shakes and relatively reliable secured.In addition, basketry body is realized by the height adjustment device between fore-clamp gripping arm and basketry sliding sleeve
The working depth of basketry body adjusts, and meets operating platform suitable for the overarm fastening work of different operating conditions.
The present invention is additionally provided with push rod, and operator only need to be by imposing down force to push rod, and operating platform is whole
It can then be tilted to push rod, the push wheel for being set to operating platform side directly contacts and props whole operation platform with overarm top surface,
Operating platform then can be transferred to suitable job position alone by operator, overcome operating platform in the prior art to need logical
It crosses other people to assist just to can be carried out position transfer, to accelerate job schedule.
In addition, will detachably climb gangboard when operator passes in and out basketry body and be hooked in climbing on ladder brace plate, and realize quick and pacify
Full disengaging basketry body.Basketry body pivots close to overarm bottom and is equipped with front panel, when operator's operation be not easy from basketry body with
Space between overarm bottom drops out, to improve the safety of operating platform.Meanwhile after operator enters basketry body, lead to
It crosses to remove and builds seat on the detachable basket frame climbed gangboard and rely on basketry body, so that can be with sitting posture side when operator's operation
Formula carries out operation, mitigates the feeling of fatigue of long-time stance operation.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below
There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this
Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with
The structure shown according to these attached drawings obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform embodiment 1 of skyscraper of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at A；
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at B；
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of push rod of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the assembling schematic diagram of skyscraper of the present invention adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform and overarm；
Fig. 6 is that the adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform of skyscraper of the present invention shifts schematic diagram.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
||Climb ladder brace plate
||Fore-clamp gripping arm
||Detachably climb gangboard
||Take turns fagging
||Take turns support
||Position long hole
||Rear cross beam
||Positioning screw hole
||Push rod upper section
||Clamping limb afterwards
||Basketry sliding sleeve
||Push rod lower section
The embodiments will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings for the realization, the function and the advantages of the object of the present invention.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts it is all its
His embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is to be appreciated that if relating to directionality instruction (such as up, down, left, right, before and after ...) in the embodiment of the present invention,
Then directionality instruction be only used for explain under a certain particular pose (as shown in the picture) between each component relative positional relationship,
Motion conditions etc., if the particular pose changes, directionality instruction is also correspondingly changed correspondingly.
In addition, being somebody's turn to do " first ", " second " etc. if relating to the description of " first ", " second " etc. in the embodiment of the present invention
Description be used for description purposes only, be not understood to indicate or imply its relative importance or implicitly indicate indicated skill
The quantity of art feature." first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include at least one spy
Sign.It in addition, the technical solution between each embodiment can be combined with each other, but must be with those of ordinary skill in the art's energy
It is enough realize based on, will be understood that the knot of this technical solution when conflicting or cannot achieve when occurs in the combination of technical solution
Conjunction is not present, also not the present invention claims protection scope within.
Referring to Figure 1 to Fig. 4, the present invention proposes a kind of adjustable slide rail type overarm operating platform of skyscraper, and the operation is flat
Platform includes basketry body 3 and is set to basketry body 3 towards the side left and right part of overarm and can be affiliated to operating platform in overarm 1
Hook structure 2, hook structure 2 include the telescoping crossbeam of scalable adjustment length, and vertical with telescoping crossbeam are fixedly connected
Fore-clamp gripping arm 21 and rear clamping limb 24.Wherein, the telescoping crossbeam of the present embodiment is segmental structure form, including is mutually socketed phase
Front beam 22 and rear cross beam 23 even is mutually partially socketed and adjustable by telescopic device between front beam 22 and rear cross beam 23
Whole telescoping crossbeam is affiliated in the active length of overarm 1.Basketry body 3 is sliding equipped with basketry close to the side of fore-clamp gripping arm 21, and 31 with before
The socket of clamping limb 21 is connected and can adjust the height of basketry body 3 by height adjustment device.
In the present embodiment, it is affiliated to for adjusting telescoping crossbeam in the telescopic device for 1 active length of hanging oneself from a beam, including cross after setting
The positioning screw hole 231 on 23 surface of beam, and the positioning long hole 221 for being set to 22 surface of front beam and cooperating with positioning screw hole 231,
Positioning screw hole 231 can tether bolt and front beam 22 and rear cross beam 23 are fixedly linked to adjust the active length of telescoping crossbeam.This
In embodiment, in order to be affiliated to operating platform when in overarm 1, need to know the transversal of overarm 1 by modes such as measurements first
Then face width moves front beam 22 to far from 23 direction of rear cross beam, when 23 opposite direction of front beam 22 and rear cross beam
After movement, so that fore-clamp gripping arm 21 and rear clamping limb 24 are left slightly larger than 1 cross-section width dimension 10mm of overarm with respect to plan range
It is right, so that the operating distance and 1 cross-sectional width of overarm of telescoping crossbeam are mutually adapted and are affiliated in operating platform in outstanding
It will not be stuck during beam 1, and can smoothly be affiliated to 1 cross section of overarm.After front beam 22 and rear cross beam 23 are adjusted in place,
By bolt by the positioning long hole 221 on 22 surface of front beam and then the positioning screw hole 231 on 23 surface of precession rear cross beam, pass through bolt
Constantly fastening so that being fixed to each other between front beam 22 and rear cross beam 23, so that the active length of telescoping crossbeam also by
It is corresponding to determine.
In addition, including the spiral for being set to 21 surface of fore-clamp gripping arm for adjusting the height adjustment device of operating platform height
Hole 211,31 surface of basketry sliding sleeve for being set in fore-clamp gripping arm 21, which is equipped with, to match with 21 surface bolt hole of fore-clamp gripping arm, 211 size
Through-hole 311.The working depth of operating platform is adjusted as operator, can by basketry sliding sleeve 31 along fore-clamp gripping arm 21 into
Row moves up and down, and can realize that operating platform moves in the vertical direction to adjust out operating platform to meet operator and be most suitable for
Job position.After operating platform is adjusted in place, need then to revolve using bolt by the through-hole 311 on 31 surface of basketry sliding sleeve
Into and be fixed in bolt hole 211, be connected so that basketry sliding sleeve 31 is fixed with fore-clamp gripping arm 21.
In the present embodiment, fore-clamp gripping arm 21, rear clamping limb 24, front beam 22, rear cross beam 23,31 side of being of basketry sliding sleeve
Pipe, after such basketry sliding sleeve 31 is set in fore-clamp gripping arm 21, the nested relationship between basketry sliding sleeve 31 and fore-clamp gripping arm 21 then can
Be it is metastable, between the two assemble after be less likely to occur to rotate, be to have obvious safety for operator's operational security
It ensures, and mitigates the psychological pressure for causing operator during operating platform shakes.In addition, fore-clamp gripping arm 21, rear clamping
In the hook structure 2 that arm 24, front beam 22, the assembling of rear cross beam 23 are formed, above-mentioned component is square tube, is meeting operating platform phase
Under the premise of the rigidity requirement answered, square tube material is the material for being relatively easy to obtain in production scene, so that the production of operating platform
Cost and maintenance cost are relatively low, and maintenance cycle then can be reduced accordingly.In addition operating platform is affiliated in overarm by hook structure 2
After 1, the plane of the hook structure 2 of rhs-structure can be more bonded with 1 surface of overarm, so that hook structure 2 is affiliated in overarm 1
Later, hook structure 2 is not easy to occur significantly shaking, and improves the security reliability of operator's operation on the operational platform.
In the prior art, Hanging Basket can not lifted by one's own and elapse Hanging Basket to next work by operator
Make position.Aiming at the problems existing in the prior art, in this implementation technical solution, in the rear clamping limb 24 of operating platform side
It is fitted with push rod 9, which is square tube, and push rod lower section 93 is round tube, and the middle part of push rod upper section 91 is additionally provided with limit
Block 911 contacts at the top edge of rear clamping limb 24, and 9 top of push rod has also been vertically connected handle 92.In addition, being located at operating platform
The fore-clamp gripping arm 21 of two sides and 24 opposite flank of rear clamping limb are equipped with wheel fagging 6, and wheel 6 bottom end of fagging is lower than telescoping crossbeam bottom
End, the side of wheel fagging 6 outwardly are equipped with wheel support 7 and are connected with rotatable push wheel 8.
Referring to figs. 5 and 6, it in the present embodiment, at operator's completion one after terminal operation, needs to elapse operating platform
To elsewhere when, operator will be firstly the need of that will push away, and 9 are drawn upwardly out from rear 24 center of clamping limb, so that push rod upper section 91 is not
It can be blocked by the rear clamping limb 24 of square tube without can be carried out rotation.Because push rod lower section 93 is round tube, it is preferable that the circular tube shaped
The outer peripheral edge face of push rod lower section 93 and the 24 inner hole wall surface of rear clamping limb of square tube type are tangent, so that push rod lower section 93 can be rear
It is rotated in clamping limb 24.When operator needs for the handle 92 of push rod 9 to be rocked to vertical with overarm 1, then by push rod
Upper section 91 is pushed into again after in 24 center of clamping limb, such operator can then be made by imposing downward active force to handle 93
Operating platform is obtained to be toppled over to the side of push rod 9.Simultaneously as operating platform is equipped with push wheel 8 towards the side of push rod 9, when
When operating platform is tilted to the side of push rod 9, push wheel 8 is contacted with 1 top surface of overarm, so that operating platform only has push wheel
8 contact with 1 surface of overarm, and push wheel 8 is supported whole operation platform.Operator need to only stand on the top surface of overarm 1, lead to
Crossing push rod 9 then can push whole operation platform to carry out job position transfer.After operating platform is transferred to position, pass through push rod 9
Operating platform is rocked to perpendicular to overarm 1, push wheel 9 at this moment will not then be contacted with 1 top surface of overarm, in addition take turns 6 bottom end of fagging
Lower than telescoping crossbeam bottom surface, so that the wheel fagging 6 of operating platform is supported directly upon 1 top surface of overarm, can avoid so flexible
Crossbeam bottom surface is directly supported with 1 top surface of overarm, influences 23 connected position reliability of front beam 22 and rear cross beam.
Operating platform compared with the existing technology, the operating platform of the present embodiment only need people station that can then make in overarm 1
After industry, operator realizes that alone operating platform operation station shifts, and is not required to other staff and carries out assisting to grasp
Make platform transfer, to improve the maneuverability of operation process, and can reduce human cost.
In the present embodiment, the side of basketry sliding sleeve 31 and fore-clamp gripping arm 21 towards basketry body 3, which is fixedly connected with, climbs ladder brace plate
4, it climbs that ladder brace plate 4 is quantitatively identical and position setting is upper symmetrical, wherein sustained height and symmetrical climbs ladder brace
Plate 4, which has been hooked, detachably climbs gangboard 5, detachably climbs 5 both ends of gangboard and is equipped with buckle and contacts at and climbs ladder brace plate 4 towards lateral surface.Behaviour
Make personnel after operating platform is transferred to appropriate work position, push rod 9 is lifted up from rear 24 center of clamping limb, and to pushing away
Bar 9 is rotated, so that the handle 92 of push rod 9 and overarm are 1 parallel, such operator with hand steered handle 92 and can be trampled removable
It unloads and climbs gangboard 5, can easily enter the inside of basketry body 3, detachably climb 5 both ends of gangboard and be equipped with buckle and contact at and climb ladder brace plate 4
When towards lateral surface, when operator passes in and out basketry body 3, detachably climbs gangboard 5 and be not easy to skid off and climb ladder brace plate 4.And operator
After member enters 3 inside of basketry body, it can be disassembled by the way that manually gangboard 5 detachably can will be climbed from climbing under ladder brace plate 4, and can
The both ends that gangboard 5 is climbed in disassembly are relied on respectively on the side basket frame of basketry body 3, are then laid with the plate body for sitting people, operator
Member can carry out operation in basketry body 3 in the form of sitting posture, and the operation of operating platform compared with the existing technology, the present embodiment is flat
Platform makes operator facilitate down operation platform and avoids feeling of fatigue caused by long-time standing at work.
In the present embodiment, 3 bottom of operating platform basketry body close to overarm 1 bottom edge be pivotally attached to it is turnover before
Coaming plate 32.It needs to reserve enough vacancy between operating platform in the prior art and overarm 1 and gives operator and weld
Or bolt Job Operations, but 3 bottom edge of basketry body and overarm 1 between there is also it is larger and without stop space, operator
In member's operation process if when not noticing and causing to lose center of gravity suddenly, it is easy to go out basketry body from 3 bottom dropped out of basketry body
3, therefore there are biggish security risks for the operating platform of the prior art.The present embodiment passes through in the close overarm 1 in 3 bottom of basketry body
Bottom edge the front panel 32 that is pivotally attached to is set.Preferably, the length of front panel 32 may extend to 1 bottom of overarm, operation
When personnel carry out operation in operating platform, the range that can be trampled accordingly opposite can then increase, and operator is not easy from operation
Being fallen without obstruction space between platform and overarm 1, so as to improve operating platform safety.
The present embodiment is same as Example 1 in addition to following characteristics: in the present embodiment, being affiliated to for adjusting telescoping crossbeam in outstanding
The telescopic device of the active length of beam include be set in rear cross beam and can the locating convex block that protrudes of elasticity, the bottom of locating convex block
It is additionally provided with spring, and front beam surface is then equipped with several positioning through hole and locating convex block cooperation is long to adjust the work of telescoping crossbeam
In the present embodiment, in order to be affiliated to operating platform when in overarm, need to know by modes such as measurements first outstanding
The cross-sectional width of beam, then press locating convex block make its downwards and will not to positioning through hole generate interference, when locating convex block not
It is when can generate interference to positioning through hole, front beam is mobile to the direction far from rear cross beam and logical by the corresponding positioning of selection
Hole enables the active length of telescoping crossbeam and the cross-sectional width of overarm to be adapted, and locating convex block can be in bottom spring
It is sprung back upwards under effect and positioning is realized in the inside for sticking into positioning through hole.Preferably, it is set to the positioning through hole on front beam surface
Can for several same holes away from through-hole, so that operator adjustment telescoping crossbeam active length it is more convenient.
In addition, because the overarm cross sectional dimensions in Steel Structure Installation engineering has certain rule, that is, the cross section hung oneself from a beam
Size is only plurality of specifications size, and positioning through hole can be configured to meet preceding by the positioning through hole of fore-clamp gripping arm on being arranged
After crossbeam and rear cross beam positioning, the active length of telescoping crossbeam can be adapted with the cross-sectional width of overarm, such structure
It is that tool has obvious benefits that form, which carries out adjustment and installation for size of the operator to operating platform, realizes fast-assembling positioning, mentions
High working efficiency.
The present embodiment is same as Example 1 in addition to following characteristics: for adjusting the height adjustment device packet of basketry body height
Include be set to inside fore-clamp gripping arm and can elastic protrusion surface convex block, basketry sliding sleeve bottom edge is equipped with groove and convex block cooperates
In the present embodiment, when basketry body needs to carry out vertical direction to be slided, first by press convex block make its to
Down and mobile to basketry sliding sleeve interference will not be generated, then move basketry sliding sleeve in fore-clamp gripping arm vertical direction,
After translating in place in operating platform vertical direction, convex block can then be contradicted with the groove that basketry sliding sleeve bottom edge is equipped with, thus
Operating platform working depth is determined.
Operating platform compared with the existing technology, the operating platform of the present embodiment enable to that operator is facilitated to carry out work
Make height to adjust, so that expanding operating platform uses adaptability.
The present embodiment is same as Example 1 in addition to following characteristics: the fore-clamp gripping arm of the present embodiment and rear clamping limb opposite face
Bottom is equipped with hanging ring, and two opposite hanging ring mesoporous are wound with the safety belt of adjustable contracted length.
After operator enters operating platform, safety belt is bypassed into two opposite hanging ring mesoporous, and pass through swing
Tightening pull ring on safety belt, so that the active length of safety belt gradually tapers up, safety belt then carries out contraction drawing to two hanging rings
Tightly, so that the bottom of fore-clamp gripping arm and rear clamping limb possesses trend close to each other, fore-clamp gripping arm and rear clamping limb to outstanding
Beam progress is close, and the aid aid active force between fore-clamp gripping arm and rear clamping limb and overarm can then be continuously improved.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all at this
Under the design of invention, using equivalent structure transformation made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content, or directly/it is used in it indirectly
He is included in scope of patent protection of the invention relevant technical field.