CN106676985B - Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit - Google Patents

Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106676985B
CN106676985B CN201611220580.0A CN201611220580A CN106676985B CN 106676985 B CN106676985 B CN 106676985B CN 201611220580 A CN201611220580 A CN 201611220580A CN 106676985 B CN106676985 B CN 106676985B
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China
Prior art keywords
bracket
fixed
sliding block
railroad bridge
rangefinder
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CN201611220580.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106676985A (en
Inventor
周荣轩
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China Shenhua Energy Co Ltd
Shenhua Zhungeer Energy Co Ltd
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China Shenhua Energy Co Ltd
Shenhua Zhungeer Energy Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611220580.0A priority Critical patent/CN106676985B/en
Publication of CN106676985A publication Critical patent/CN106676985A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B35/00Applications of measuring apparatus or devices for track-building purposes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C3/00Measuring distances in line of sight; Optical rangefinders

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, including fixed bracket, rangefinder and fixation kit.The rangefinder is set at the support bracket fastened first position;The fixed support vertical is fixed on the railing of railroad bridge by the fixation kit, the first position is adapted with bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix, so that the rangefinder measures the horizontal distance for arriving the first position on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot at the first position.Pass through above-mentioned apparatus, as long as fixed bracket to be fixed on bridge railing to the horizontal distance that can directly measure on the outside of the bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot to fixed bracket first position, without raising the baffle of bridge railing adjacency, and above-mentioned apparatus influenced by wind-force it is small so that it is more accurate finally to calculate resulting eccentricity.

Description

Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of orbit measurement device more particularly to a kind of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing units.
Background technique
When building a railway, it can usually encounter rivers, mountain valley, highway or intersect with an other railway, in order to Railway is allowed to cross over the obstacle in these landform, it is necessary to build various railroad bridges, multiple railroad bridges together, are constituted One overhead railway.Overhead railway requires central lines of track that need to be less than a certain range at a distance from each bridge center line, Otherwise two bridge piers meeting unbalance stress of bridge, the prolonged unbalance stress of bridge pier can seriously affect the service life of bridge pier.Base In the above reason, need periodically to detect the distance between central lines of track and bridge center line, to grasp railway in real time The case where bridge, takes counter-measure in time, avoids losing.
The distance between central lines of track and bridge center line are known as railroad bridge eccentricity.In general, as shown in Figure 1, needing The horizontal distance between two rails is measured, central lines of track, i.e. dotted line in figure where Z1 are obtained, measures two side bumper of bridge later Horizontal distance between on the outside of tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot, obtains bridge center line, i.e. dotted line in figure where Z2, eccentricity is the void where Z1 Horizontal distance between line and dotted line where Z2.Currently, using eccentric ruler measurement railroad bridge eccentricity, among eccentric ruler Main part can measure the distance between railway two rails, and determine central lines of track;And the both ends of eccentric ruler are extending to increase The length for adding eccentric ruler, the final overall length of the eccentric ruler after elongation can measure the horizontal distance between on the outside of two side bumper tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slots, When determining the horizontal distance between on the outside of two side bumper tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slots, the baffle that need to raise bridge railing adjacency can just observe gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot Outside determines the horizontal distance between on the outside of two side bumper tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slots using plumb bob later, determines bridge center line, finally calculate this The eccentricity of railroad bridge.Obviously, it using the method for eccentric ruler measurement eccentricity, needs to raise by the railing of railroad bridge both sides Baffle, certain locations, which also need to dig up some stone tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc.s just, can observe on the outside of gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot, and determine the level on the outside of two gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slots Apart from when, need with plumb bob determine gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot on the outside of vertical extended line, when encountering strong wind weather, plumb bob be easy puts with the wind It is dynamic, cause measurement error.Therefore eccentricity is obtained using eccentric ruler measurement, measurement process is cumbersome, and as a result there is a certain error.
Summary of the invention
To solve accurately measure the distance between two side block tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outside of bridge using eccentric ruler in the prior art, make There is certain error in the final result of railroad bridge eccentricity, it is auxiliary that the present invention provides a kind of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement Help device, comprising:
Fixed bracket;
Rangefinder is set at the support bracket fastened first position;
The fixed support vertical is fixed on the railing of railroad bridge, the first position and bridge by fixation kit Gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix is adapted, so that the rangefinder measures at the first position arrives described the on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot The horizontal distance of one position.
Further, in above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit:
First sliding groove is formed on the fixed bracket;
The rangefinder is slidably mounted in the first sliding groove by the first sliding block, and sliding first sliding block will After the rangefinder is moved to the support bracket fastened first position or the support bracket fastened second position, pass through described first The fixed rangefinder of first locking structure of sliding block;
The second position is adapted with the rail's end portion of railroad bridge, so that the rangefinder is in the second position Horizontal distance of the measurement rail's end portion to the second position.
Further, in above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit:
The fixation kit include first level bracket, the second horizontal bracket and take shape on the fixed bracket second Sliding slot;
The first level bracket is slidably mounted in the second sliding slot by the second sliding block, sliding described second After the first level bracket is moved to the support bracket fastened the third place by sliding block, pass through the second locking knot of the second sliding block First railing of the fixed first level bracket of structure, the first level bracket and railroad bridge is fixed;
Second horizontal bracket is slidably mounted in the second sliding slot by third sliding block, slides the third After second horizontal bracket is moved to support bracket fastened 4th position by sliding block, pass through the third locking knot of third sliding block Second railing of fixed second horizontal bracket of structure, second horizontal bracket and railroad bridge is fixed.
Further, in above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit:
The first level bracket and first sliding block rotation connect;
Second horizontal bracket and second sliding block rotation connect.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Whether level meter is set on the fixed bracket with the determination fixed bracket perpendicular to horizontal plane.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Driving wheel is set to the support bracket fastened first end;
Driven wheel is set to the support bracket fastened second end;
Transmission belt is set in the first sliding groove, connects the driving wheel and the driven wheel;First sliding block is solid Due on the transmission belt;
Motor is set to the fixed bracket first end position adjacent with the driving wheel, output shaft and the master Driving wheel is connected;
Battery pack, is set on the fixed bracket, provides electric energy for the motor.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Remote controler sends motor control instruction;
Controller is set on the fixed bracket, receives the motor control instruction, and refer to according to the motor control It enables and controls the motor execution corresponding operating.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Close to switch, it is set at least one end of the first sliding groove, when first sliding block is close to described close to switch When, send signal of cutting off the power;
It is cut off the power after signal described in the controller reception, disconnects the connection between the battery pack and the motor.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Dip measuring device, for measuring the angle between the measurement direction of rangefinder and horizontal plane;
The controller receives the distance letter that the angle signal that the dip measuring device is sent and the rangefinder are sent Number, and the horizontal distance that the first position is arrived on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot is obtained according to the angle signal and the distance signal Or rail's end portion is to the horizontal distance of the second position.
Further, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit, further includes:
Camera is set at first sliding block, for shooting the image information on the stadia surveying direction;
Handheld terminal receives the image information that the camera is sent and real-time display.
Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit provided by the invention, including fixed bracket, rangefinder and fixation kit. The rangefinder is set at the support bracket fastened first position, and the fixed support vertical is fixed on by the fixation kit On the railing of the railroad bridge, the first position is adapted with bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix, so that the ranging Instrument measures the horizontal distance that the first position is arrived on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot at the first position.By above-mentioned apparatus, only Fixed bracket, which is fixed on bridge railing, can directly measure on the outside of the bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot to fixed bracket first position Horizontal distance, without raising the baffle of bridge railing adjacency, and above-mentioned apparatus influenced by wind-force it is small so that finally calculating institute The eccentricity obtained is more accurate.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic illustration that railroad bridge eccentricity is measured according to eccentric ruler.
Fig. 2 is railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit structural schematic diagram described in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is to arrive on the outside of the measurement gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit described in one embodiment of the invention The schematic illustration of first position distance;
Fig. 4 is that railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit described in one embodiment of the invention measures rail to second Set the schematic illustration of distance;
Fig. 5 is railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit structural schematic diagram described in another embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein appended drawing reference are as follows:
10- eccentric ruler;20- plumb bob;1- fixes bracket;2- rangefinder;3- fixation kit;31- first level bracket;32- Second horizontal bracket;The first sliding block of 4-;The second sliding block of 5-;6- third sliding block.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the embodiment of the present invention will be further explained.In addition, term " first " herein, " second ", " third " etc. for being distinguished between similar element, and is not necessarily the specific order of description or temporally suitable Sequence.It is appreciated that these terms used in this way be under appropriate environment it is interchangeable so that the implementation of theme described herein It can e.g. be operated with the order illustrated from those different order or with other order described herein.
The present embodiment provides a kind of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing units, as shown in Fig. 2, including fixed bracket 1, surveying Distance meter 2 and fixation kit 3.The rangefinder 2 is set at the first position of the fixed bracket 1, and the rangefinder 2 can be red Outer rangefinder, laser range finder, ultrasonic range finder or other measurement distances device, be it is easy to use, the present embodiment is preferred The rangefinder that can be communicated with handheld terminal, the handheld terminal receive the measurement result of the rangefinder 2 and can control the survey Distance meter 2 executes user instruction, i.e., user can control 2 ranging of rangefinder by handheld terminal, and real-time reception institute's ranging is from by institute State rangefinder 2 be set to the fixed bracket 1 mode can there are many kinds of, such as bound by rope, or by U-shaped Locating slot and fixed bracket 1 are fixed, and rangefinder 2 is fixed in U-type groove, can also be by way of stickup by rangefinder 2 It is set on fixed bracket 1;The fixed bracket 1 is perpendicularly fixed on the railing of railroad bridge by the fixation kit 3, described Fixing piece can be the hook for taking shape in the fixed bracket 1, or take shape in the straight-bar on the fixed bracket 1, may be used also Think rope;After the fixed bracket 1 is fixed on the railing of the railroad bridge, the first position of the fixed bracket 1 It is adapted with the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix of the bridge, so that the rangefinder 2 can measure the gear at the first position The horizontal distance of the first position is arrived on the outside of tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot.
In actual measurement, iron is arrived on the outside of tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot as shown in figure 3, bridge can be obtained by the construction drawing of railroad bridge and kept off The height of road bridge railing determines the first position of the fixed bracket 1 with this.Then installation above-mentioned apparatus being respectively perpendicular The first of bracket 1 is fixed to left side on the railing of the two sides of the railroad bridge, obtaining keeping off on the left of railroad bridge on the outside of tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot To the horizontal distance of the first position of the fixed bracket 1 in right side on the outside of gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot on the right side of the horizontal distance X1 of position, and railroad bridge X2, then pass through the measuring tools such as tape measure, tape measure or eccentric ruler, the water in measurement left side rail's end portion outside to the fixed bracket 1 in left side Horizontal distance Y2, the railroad bridge eccentricity Z=that bracket 1 is fixed on right side are arrived on the outside of flat distance Y1 and right side rail's end portion 0.5*((Y1-X1)-(Y2-X2))。
Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit described in the present embodiment, including fix bracket 1, rangefinder 2 and fix Component 3.The rangefinder 2 is set at the first position of the fixed bracket 1, and the fixed bracket 1 passes through described fixed group Part 3 is perpendicularly fixed on the railing of railroad bridge, and the first position is adapted with bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix, so that The rangefinder 2 is capable of measuring the horizontal distance that the first position is arrived on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot at the first position.Pass through Above-mentioned apparatus can conveniently and efficiently measure the horizontal distance that the first position is arrived on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot, without raising bridge Baffle by railing, and the data for combining other to measure can calculate the eccentricity of railroad bridge, so that finally obtained eccentricity It is more accurate.
Further, first sliding groove is formed on the fixed bracket 1, the rangefinder 2 passes through the first sliding block 4 slidably Ground is installed in the first sliding groove, in conjunction with Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 slide first sliding block 4 rangefinder 2 is moved to it is described solid Behind the first position of fixed rack 1 or the second position of the fixed bracket 1, pass through the first locking structure of first sliding block 4 The fixed rangefinder 2.The bottom of first sliding block 4 forms sliding with the matched groove of the first sliding groove, described first For first locking structure of block 4 for the purpose of fixing the first sliding block 4, it may include taking shape in that specific structure, which is diversified, Internal thread through hole on first sliding block 4 and with the matched locking bolt of the internal thread through hole, when the rangefinder 2 first After sliding block 4 slides into the first position or the second position of the fixed bracket 1, the locking bolt is screwed, makes described first to slide Frictional force between block 4 and the first sliding groove increases, and fixes the rangefinder 2 with this;It can also be equal in first sliding groove bottom The multiple internal thread holes of even setting, are arranged through-hole on the first sliding block 4, locking bolt pass through the through-hole and with the internal thread hole Matching, when screwing the locking bolt, can fix the first sliding block 4.As shown in figure 4, the steel of the second position and railroad bridge Rail head portion is adapted, so that the rangefinder 2 measures rail's end portion to the level of the second position in the second position Distance.
When measuring railroad bridge eccentricity by above-mentioned apparatus, rangefinder 2 is fixed on by the first locking structure first Then railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit is respectively perpendicular and is fixed on the iron by the first position of the fixed bracket 1 On two lateral rail of road and bridge beam, obtain on the left of railroad bridge on the outside of gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot to the first position of the fixed bracket 1 in left side level away from Horizontal distance X2 from the first position for fixing bracket 1 on the right side of X1, and railroad bridge on the outside of gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot to right side;Later, respectively The rangefinder 2, is slid into the second position of fixed bracket 1 by the first sliding block 4 for sliding two fixed brackets 1, and passes through institute It states the first locking structure to fix, obtain on the outside of the rail's end portion of left side to the horizontal distance Y1 and right side rail of the fixed bracket 1 in left side To the horizontal distance Y2 of the fixed bracket 1 in right side on the outside of head, the eccentricity of railroad bridge is finally obtained.On it should be noted that The sequence for stating measuring process can be adjusted according to the actual situation, and can first measure and measure Y1 and Y2 after X1 and X2, can also be with A railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit is only used, obtains X1, X2, Y1 and Y2 according to any measuring sequence.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the rangefinder 2 is slidably mounted on the first sliding groove of fixed bracket 1 by the first sliding block 4 On, the first sliding block 4 of sliding can make rangefinder 2 be moved to the first position or the second position of fixed bracket 1, and the of the first sliding block 4 One locking structure can be used for fixing the rangefinder 2, and the second position is adapted with the rail's end portion of railroad bridge.Pass through ranging The sliding of instrument 2, not only can measure on the outside of railroad bridge Bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot to fixed 1 first position of bracket it is horizontal away from From the horizontal distance of the second position of the rail's end portion of also measurable railroad bridge to fixed bracket 1 keeps measurement process more square Just, it is more accurate to obtain eccentricity result.
Fixation kit 3 in above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit includes first level bracket 31, the second water Flat bracket 32 and take shape in the second sliding slot on the fixed bracket 1.As shown in figure 5, the first level bracket 31 passes through the Two sliding blocks 5 are slidably mounted in the second sliding slot, slide second sliding block 5 the first level bracket 31 is mobile To the third place of the fixed bracket 1, pass through the fixed first level bracket of the second locking structure of the second sliding block 5 31, the first level bracket 31 is fixed with the first railing of railroad bridge.Second sliding block 5 forms and the second sliding slot Matched groove has the second locking structure on second sliding block 5, and second locking structure may be implemented there are many method, Such as can be identical as first locking structure, the place setting bullet that can also be contacted on second sliding block 5 with second sliding slot Property protrusion in the corresponding multiple place setting limit holes of second sliding slot the second sliding block 5 is fixed with this.The first level bracket 31 can be fixedly connected with second sliding block 5, can also rotate connection.First railing is any one column of railroad bridge Bar, since uppermost one of the railing of railroad bridge is the most firm, therefore preferably the railing of the top one of railroad bridge is the One railing.One end of the first level bracket 31 is connect with second sliding block 5, the other end of the first level bracket 31 Plastic to have semicircle position limiting structure, the semicircle position limiting structure is matched with the first railing.Alternatively, described The other end of one horizontal bracket 31 forms through-hole, and hook is arranged in the second sliding slot, forms on the hook and institute The compatible through hole of through-hole on first level bracket 31 is stated, passes through screw between the first level bracket and the hook Rotation connection is realized with the fixed through-hole of nut and the through hole, and the hook portions of the hook are provided with magnet, work as extension When hook is close to the railing of railroad bridge, on automatic absorbing to railing, facilitates and fixed with the railing of railroad bridge.
Second horizontal bracket 32 is slidably mounted in the second sliding slot by third sliding block 6, described in sliding After second horizontal bracket 32 is moved to the 4th position of the fixed bracket 1 by third sliding block 6, pass through third sliding block 6 Fixed second horizontal bracket 32 of third locking structure, the second railing of second horizontal bracket 32 and railroad bridge are solid It is fixed.The bottom of the third sliding block 6 form with the matched groove of the second sliding slot, have third lock on the third sliding block 6 Only structure, the third locking structure may be implemented there are many method, can be identical as second locking structure, can also be with institute It is identical to state the first locking structure, other schemes can also be used.Second railing is any one railing of railroad bridge, by All need to fix with the railing of railroad bridge in first level bracket 31 and the second horizontal bracket 32, thus the second railing preferably lean on it is next The railing of layer.Second horizontal bracket 32 can be fixedly connected with the third sliding block 6, be also rotatably connected.Second water One end of flat bracket 32 is connect with the third sliding block 6, and the other end is provided with the position limiting structure of card slot type, is securable to railway bridge On second railing of beam.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the first level bracket 31 and the second horizontal bracket 32 pass through the second sliding block 5 and third respectively Sliding block 6 is installed in the second sliding slot, so adjustable the distance between first level bracket 31 and the second horizontal bracket 32, It is suitable for the distance between any two railings of railroad bridge.
In addition, preferably, can enable and rotate connection, the rotation between first level bracket 31 and the second sliding block 5 The mode for turning connection is not limited to one kind, can be and forms protrusion on the second sliding block 5, and the protrusion is oriented parallel to The second sliding slot, raised intermediary form have through-hole;One end of first level bracket 31 also forms the through-hole of same size, Rotation connection is realized by screw and nut in the protrusion and one end of first level bracket 31.Also on the second sliding block 5 at Two pieces of protrusions being parallel to each other of type, two pieces of protrusions are parallel to second sliding slot, and two pieces of raised centres all form through-hole, and One end of one horizontal bracket 31 is T-type structure, and the both ends of T-type are each passed through two pieces of raised through-holes, to realize rotation connection, In use, can be in two raised intermediate setting fixed blocks, to fix the opposite position of first level bracket 31 and the second sliding block 5 It sets.Rotation connection can also be realized between second horizontal bracket 32 and third sliding block 6 through the above way.
Connection is rotated between the first level bracket 31 and the second sliding block 5, it can be convenient for storage, when storage, first level Bracket 31 is rotated under external force close to fixed bracket 1, and can be accommodated into the second sliding slot;Second horizontal bracket Connection is rotated between 32 and third sliding block 6, in storage, the second horizontal bracket 32 is rotated under the effect of external force close to described solid Fixed rack 1, and be accommodated into the second sliding slot.
To be perpendicularly fixed at the fixed bracket 1 on the railing of the railroad bridge, water can be set on fixed bracket 1 Level, with the determination fixed bracket 1 whether perpendicular to horizontal plane.The level meter is air-bubble level, the level meter volume It is small, it is easily installed debugging.
The level that the first position is arrived on the outside of gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot is measured by above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit When distance or rail's end portion arrive the horizontal distance of the second position, user need to manually control the sliding of the first sliding block, and ought first Sliding block fixes the first sliding block at first position or the second position, to realize measurement, further, the railroad bridge eccentricity Measurement servicing unit also can be used the first sliding block of motor control 4 sliding, to realize automatically controlled sliding, specifically further include driving wheel, Driven wheel, transmission belt and battery pack.The driving wheel is set to the first end of the fixed bracket 1, and driven wheel is set to described The second end of fixed bracket 1, transmission belt are set in the first sliding groove, connect the driving wheel and driven wheel, and first is sliding Block 4 is fixed on the transmission belt, and motor is then set to fixed 1 first end of the bracket position adjacent with the driving wheel, defeated Shaft is connected with the driving wheel, and it is the electricity that for controlling driving wheel rotation, battery pack, which is set on the fixed bracket 1, Machine provides electric energy.Specifically, a pole changer or other control systems can be set on fixed bracket 1, to control motor just Turn or inverts.Motor rotates when rotating with driving wheel, and transmission belt drives driven wheel to rotate as driving wheel rotates.Due to First sliding block 4 regulation is fixed with transmission belt, when transmission belt rotation, is just slided with the first sliding block 4 along first sliding groove.Pass through The first sliding block of motor control 4 slides, and user directly can control motor rotation by pole changer equal controller, controls the with this One sliding block 4 slides into first position or the second position, and user-friendly railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit measures institute Need data.
To enable users to facilitate control motor rotation, above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit further includes remote controler And controller.Controller is set on fixed bracket 1, and when remote controler sends motor control instruction, controller receives motor control System instruction, and motor is controlled according to motor control instruction and executes corresponding operating.The motor control instruction includes rotating forward instruct, is anti- Turn instruction, deceleration instruction and assisted instruction.By remote controler, user can control motor rotation in certain distance, be more convenient for using Family operation.
When the first sliding block 4 is when the drive lower slider of transmission belt is to the both ends of first sliding groove, if user does not pay attention to observation The position of one sliding block 4, continuing control motor slides the first sliding block 4 to the both ends of first sliding groove, then easily causes the torque of motor Excessive damage motor, therefore be positioned proximate to switch in one end that the both ends of first sliding groove or user are not easy to observe, when the first sliding block 4 Close to described close to when switching, then send signal of cutting off the power and disconnect the battery pack after controller receives signal of cutting off the power With the connection between the motor, to prevent, Motor torque is excessive and damages.Company between the battery pack and the motor After connecing cutting, controller persistently receives the motor control instruction of remote controler, when motor control instruction changes, then restores electricity The connection of machine and battery pack.
Above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit further includes dip measuring device, for measuring the survey of rangefinder 2 Measure the angle between direction and horizontal plane.The controller receives the angle signal and the survey that the dip measuring device is sent The distance signal that distance meter 2 is sent, and obtained on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot according to the angle signal and the distance signal to described The horizontal distance of the horizontal distance of first position or rail's end portion to the second position.It, can be simple by dip measuring device Fixed bracket 1 is fixed on the railing of the railroad bridge, without guaranteeing that fixed bracket 1 perpendicular to horizontal plane, facilitates use The measurement of family progress horizontal distance.
Above-mentioned railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit further includes camera and handheld terminal.Camera is set to described At first sliding block 4, for shooting the image information in 2 measurement direction of rangefinder;Handheld terminal receives the camera shooting hair The image information and real-time display sent, user can determine that the image in 2 measurement direction of rangefinder is believed according to the picture of handheld terminal Breath whether be this measurement target object.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit characterized by comprising
Bracket is fixed, forms first sliding groove and second sliding slot on the fixed bracket;
Rangefinder, the rangefinder are slidably mounted in the first sliding groove by the first sliding block, and it is sliding to slide described first After the rangefinder is moved to the support bracket fastened first position or the support bracket fastened second position by block, by described The fixed rangefinder of first locking structure of the first sliding block;The first position is adapted with bridge gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot outer fix, So that the rangefinder measures the horizontal distance for arriving the first position on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot at the first position;It is described The second position is adapted with the rail's end portion of railroad bridge, so that the rangefinder measures rail's end portion in the second position To the horizontal distance of the second position;
The fixed support vertical is fixed on the railing of railroad bridge by fixation kit, and the fixation kit includes the first water Flat bracket and the second horizontal bracket;The first level bracket is slidably mounted on the second sliding slot by the second sliding block On, after the first level bracket is moved to the support bracket fastened the third place by sliding second sliding block, pass through second First railing of the fixed first level bracket of the second locking structure of sliding block, the first level bracket and railroad bridge is solid It is fixed;Second horizontal bracket is slidably mounted in the second sliding slot by third sliding block, slides the third sliding block It is solid by the third locking structure of third sliding block after second horizontal bracket is moved to support bracket fastened 4th position Second railing of fixed second horizontal bracket, second horizontal bracket and railroad bridge is fixed.
2. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The first level bracket and first sliding block rotation connect;
Second horizontal bracket and second sliding block rotation connect.
3. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that further include:
Whether level meter is set on the fixed bracket with the determination fixed bracket perpendicular to horizontal plane.
4. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Driving wheel is set to the support bracket fastened first end;
Driven wheel is set to the support bracket fastened second end;
Transmission belt is set in the first sliding groove, connects the driving wheel and the driven wheel;First sliding block is fixed on On the transmission belt;
Motor is set to the fixed bracket first end position adjacent with the driving wheel, output shaft and the driving wheel It is connected;
Battery pack, is set on the fixed bracket, provides electric energy for the motor.
5. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 4, which is characterized in that further include:
Remote controler sends motor control instruction;
Controller is set on the fixed bracket, receives the motor control instruction, and according to the motor control instruction control It makes the motor and executes corresponding operating.
6. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 5, which is characterized in that further include;
Close to switch, be set at least one end of the first sliding groove, when first sliding block close to it is described close to switch when, send out Send signal of cutting off the power;
It is cut off the power after signal described in the controller reception, disconnects the connection between the battery pack and the motor.
7. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include;
Dip measuring device, for measuring the angle between the measurement direction of rangefinder and horizontal plane;
The controller receives the distance signal that the angle signal that the dip measuring device is sent and the rangefinder are sent, and The horizontal distance or steel that the first position is arrived on the outside of the gear tiny fragments of stone, coal, etc. slot are obtained according to the angle signal and the distance signal Horizontal distance of the rail head portion to the second position.
8. railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include:
Camera is set at first sliding block, for shooting the image information on the stadia surveying direction;
Handheld terminal receives the image information that the camera is sent and real-time display.
CN201611220580.0A 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Railroad bridge eccentricity measurement servicing unit Active CN106676985B (en)

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CN108317972B (en) * 2018-01-02 2020-06-05 中国神华能源股份有限公司 System for measuring eccentricity between rail center and bridge center

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07286851A (en) * 1994-04-19 1995-10-31 Hitachi Kiden Kogyo Ltd Target for three-dimensionally measuring displacement of rail with height adjusting mechanism
JPH11247108A (en) * 1998-02-27 1999-09-14 Yuupasu:Kk Track displacement measuring system
CN201354440Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-12-02 江西日月明铁道设备开发有限公司 Three-dimensional restraining and measuring device for track with portable laser rangefinder
CN203403340U (en) * 2013-07-24 2014-01-22 包头市绘宇测绘服务有限责任公司 Turnout displacement observation equipment
CN203668777U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-06-25 杨成 Right-angle type line beam eccentricity and ballast thickness measuring ruler
JP2016121969A (en) * 2014-12-25 2016-07-07 東日本旅客鉄道株式会社 Rail wear measurement apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07286851A (en) * 1994-04-19 1995-10-31 Hitachi Kiden Kogyo Ltd Target for three-dimensionally measuring displacement of rail with height adjusting mechanism
JPH11247108A (en) * 1998-02-27 1999-09-14 Yuupasu:Kk Track displacement measuring system
CN201354440Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-12-02 江西日月明铁道设备开发有限公司 Three-dimensional restraining and measuring device for track with portable laser rangefinder
CN203403340U (en) * 2013-07-24 2014-01-22 包头市绘宇测绘服务有限责任公司 Turnout displacement observation equipment
CN203668777U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-06-25 杨成 Right-angle type line beam eccentricity and ballast thickness measuring ruler
JP2016121969A (en) * 2014-12-25 2016-07-07 東日本旅客鉄道株式会社 Rail wear measurement apparatus

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