CN106671410A - Three-dimensional jet-printing device - Google Patents

Three-dimensional jet-printing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106671410A
CN106671410A CN201510764708.9A CN201510764708A CN106671410A CN 106671410 A CN106671410 A CN 106671410A CN 201510764708 A CN201510764708 A CN 201510764708A CN 106671410 A CN106671410 A CN 106671410A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flexible base
dimensional
dimensionally shaped
jet printing
curved
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510764708.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
莫皓然
韩永隆
黄启峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Microjet Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Microjet Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Microjet Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Microjet Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510764708.9A priority Critical patent/CN106671410A/en
Publication of CN106671410A publication Critical patent/CN106671410A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a three-dimensional jet-printing device. The three-dimensional jet-printing device comprises a flexible base material and a plurality of jetting head chips, wherein the flexible base material is controlled to generate flexible change according to the shape of each curved surface to be formed of a three-dimensional formed object through a displacement mechanism, and the flexible base material is deformed to meet the shape of each curved surface; a plurality of jetting holes are formed in each jetting head chip and arranged on the flexible base material in the form of an array with a plurality of rows, a distance is formed between the two adjacent jetting head chips of each array, and the two adjacent jetting head chips are connected with the corresponding adjacent jetting head chips in the adjacent array by virtue of pivots, so that the two jetting head chips are mutually staggered and closely bonded and arrayed; and the jetting head chips are capable of pivoting to change angles, and the plurality of jetting holes of each ink jetting chip keep the optimal jet-printing distance with each curved surface to be formed, so that a forming material is jetted and the formed three-dimensional formed objects are stacked.

Description

Three-dimensional jet printing appts
【Technical field】
The present invention is that espespecially one kind is with flexible base material and suitable with regard to a kind of three-dimensional jet printing appts For the three-dimensional jet printing appts of three-dimensional modeling machine.
【Background technology】
Three-dimensionally shaped technology, also known as rapid shaping (Rapid Prototyping, RP) technology, Because rapid shaping technique has automatically, directly and quickly, accurately design philosophy can be changed into certain function Prototype or the part or finished product for directly using can be manufactured, so as to can quickly be assessed product design, modification And function test, the construction cycle of product is greatly shortened, so that 3 D-printing forming technique is extensively favored.
So in rapid shaping technique, there are a kind of fused glass pellet (Fused Deposition Modeling, FDM) technology, it is that conveying moulding material is heated into fused solution by heating to moulding material, Again fused solution moulding material is extruded by an extrusion and cool down and stack out three-dimensionally shaped thing.
In general, current fused glass pellet (Fused Deposition Modeling, FDM) jet printing appts employed in mechanism need to generally pass through the driving of a drive mechanism, so that jet printing appts can Translation is carried out in X-axis, Y-axis or Z-direction, whereby to interact translation in the way of by one one-tenth Section bar material is sprayed on a carrier, to constitute the individual layer profile of a three-dimensionally shaped thing then each by stacked in multi-layers The individual layer moulding material of plane, progressively to be constituted the three-dimensionally shaped thing of solid.But this is with the individual layer heap of each plane It is folded arrange to constitute stereoscopic three-dimensional article shaped in the way of, need to by jet printing appts be continued in plane X-axis, The displacement of Y-axis, multiple to carry out three-dimensional spray printing operations for forming, in other words, the molding time expended needed for it is longer, Therefore the production efficiency of the three-dimensionally shaped thing is also relatively low.
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of three-dimensional jet printing appts, and it has flexible base material, and Multiple head chips are set on flexible base material, thus by flexible base material in response to three-dimensionally shaped thing for molding Curved surface kenel and produce flexible deformation, and by multiple head chips in order to can simultaneously carry out three-dimensional spray printing operations for forming, It is provided with being utilized in industry.
【The content of the invention】
Present invention is primarily targeted at providing a kind of three-dimensional jet printing appts, have in it flexible Flexible base material and multiple head chips, in order to current fused glass pellet (FDM) technology can be solved with single plane The technical bottleneck of stacked in multi-layers shaped three dimensional article shaped.
It is that the one broader aspect of implementing of the present invention is to provide a kind of three-dimensional spray printing up to above-mentioned purpose Device, to spray moulding material three-dimensionally shaped thing is molded, and it is included:Flexible base material, by displacement mechanism Element produces change in flexibility to control flexible base material according to three-dimensionally shaped thing each curve form for molding, makes Flexible base material deformation is meeting the shape of three-dimensionally shaped thing each curved surface for molding;Multiple head chips, it is each Head chip is provided with multiple spray orifices, and multiple head chips are arranged on flexible base material with multiple row arrays row, per a burst of There is spacing, and the adjacent spray corresponding with adjacent array of each head chip in row between two adjacent head chips Head chip is with pivotally connected, and two head chips of two adjacent arrays miss one another and mutually fit snugly against solid arrangement, makes every The pivotable angle changing of one head chip, makes multiple spray orifices of each ink-jet chip for molding with three-dimensionally shaped thing Each curved surface keeps a spray printing distance, and to spray moulding material and mold each curved surface, and stacking molds three Dimension article shaped.
【Description of the drawings】
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the three-dimensional jet printing appts of present pre-ferred embodiments.
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the three-dimensional jet printing appts shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the setting schematic diagram of two adjacent head chips of two adjacent arrays shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the three-dimensionally shaped thing of present pre-ferred embodiments.
Curved surface stacking schematic diagram Fig. 5 for molding for the three-dimensionally shaped thing of present pre-ferred embodiments.
Fig. 6 carries out the schematic diagram of three-dimensional spray printing for the three-dimensional jet printing appts of present pre-ferred embodiments.
【Symbol description】
1:Three-dimensional jet printing appts
10:Flexible base material
100:First surface
101:Second surface
11:Head chip
110:Spray orifice
11A:First row array
11B:Second row array
11a1~11a6:The head chip of first row array
11b1~11b6:The head chip of second row array
11c, 11c1~11c11:Pivot
2:Three-dimensionally shaped thing
20、21、22:Three-dimensionally shaped thing for molding curved surface
23:Backing material
d1:The spacing of two adjacent head chips
d2:Optimal spray printing distance
w1:Width
w2:Cross-sectional width
【Specific embodiment】
Embodying feature of present invention will be detailed in the explanation of back segment with some exemplary embodiments of advantage Narration.It should be understood that the present invention can have various changes in different aspects, it is all without departing from the present invention Scope, and explanation therein and diagram are treated as in itself purposes of discussion, and nand architecture is in limiting the present invention.
Fill for the three-dimensional spray printing of present pre-ferred embodiments please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1 The dimensional structure diagram put, Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the three-dimensional jet printing appts shown in Fig. 1.Yu Ben In embodiment, three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 are applied in a three-dimensional modeling machine (not shown), to spray moulding material (not shown) is not limited with molding a three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 (as shown in Figure 3).In some embodiments, Three-dimensional modeling machine can be but not be limited to fused glass pellet machine.As illustrated, three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 are comprising flexible Base material 10 and multiple head chips 11, wherein flexible base material 10 passes through a displacement mechanism element (not shown) to control Flexible base material 10 is made according to each curved surface 20,21,22 (as shown in Figure 5) for molding of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 Shape and produce change in flexibility, make the deformation of flexible base material 10 to meet for molding each of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 The shape of curved surface 20,21,22;And, as shown in Fig. 2 each head chip 11 is provided with multiple sprays Hole 110, flexible base material 10 is arranged to spray moulding material, and multiple head chips 11 with multiple row arrays row On, per having spacing d1 between two adjacent head chips 11 in an array, and each head chip 11 with The adjacent head chip of correspondence is connected with a pivot 11c in adjacent array, and two sprinkler cores of two adjacent array Piece 11 misses one another and mutually fits snugly against solid arrangement, makes the pivotable angle changing of each head chip 11, allows every Multiple spray orifices 110 of one ink-jet chip 11 each curved surface 20,21,22 for molding with three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 Optimal spray printing is kept apart from d2 (as shown in Figure 6), and spray moulding material and mold each curved surface 20,21, 22, and stacking molds the three-dimensionally shaped thing 2.
Please continue refering to Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the flexible base material 10 of three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 Arrange relative to second surface 101 with first surface 100 and second surface 101, and first surface 100, And multiple head chips 11 are i.e. located at on first surface 100, and displacement mechanism element (not shown) then corresponds to frame On second surface 101, whereby to pass through, this displacement mechanism element is (not shown) to control the flexible foundation of base material 10 to structure The shape of each curved surface 20,21,22 (as shown in Figure 4) for molding of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2, to produce flexibility Change, each curved surface 20,21,22 that to make the deformation of flexible base material 10 for molding to meet three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 Shape.In some embodiments, flexible base material 10 to be made up of flexible material, for example:Metal, but Be not limited, and due to its mainly for in response to each curved surface 20 for molding of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2,21, 22 shape and produce deformation, therefore in other embodiments, flexible base material 10 also can be by high temperature-resistant polymer Material is constituted, but is also not limited.
Again in other embodiments, displacement mechanism element can more possess a sensing element (does not scheme Show), but be not limited, to detect each curved surface 20,21,22 for molding of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 Form, and then the flexible correspondence of base material 10 generation change in flexibility is controlled with feedback.
Refer to the two adjacent sprays that Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, Fig. 3 are two adjacent arrays shown in Fig. 2 The setting schematic diagram of head chip.As shown in Fig. 2 each head chip 11 is provided with multiple spray orifices 110, and it is many Individual head chip 11 is arranged on the first surface 100 of flexible base material 10, in the present embodiment with multiple row arrays row In, multiple head chips 11 are arranged to illustrate (for example with 8 row arrays:11A, 11B ...), and in each row array row 6 head chips 11 are respectively provided with, in other words, the three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 of the present invention have altogether 48 sprinkler cores Piece 11, the quantity and arrangement mode of right head chip 11 are can to appoint to apply change according to situation is actually applied, not As limit.It is to be placed equidistant 6 head chips in first row array 11A by taking first row array 11A as an example It is to maintain identical spacing d1 between 11a1~11a6, and wherein adjacent two-by-two head chip 11a1,11a2, Identical, between each head chip 11b1~11b6 in second row array 11B identical spacing is also maintained D1, only the head chip 11a1~11a6 of this two adjacent first row array 11A and second row array 11B, 11b1~11b6 is shifted to install to each other.I.e. as illustrated, first sprinkler core of first row array 11A It is have between first piece 11a1 adjacent with correspondence in adjacent second row array 11B head chip 11b1 A part is overlapped, and the region that partly overlaps is arranged for pivot 11c1, in order to can be by head chip 11a1 Concatenate in the direction arranged perpendicular to parallel array with head chip 11b1, whereby so that two adjacent arrays 11A, Two head chip 11a1,11b1 of 11B miss one another and mutually fit snugly against solid arrangement.
And as shown in figure 3, the front end of first head chip 11a1 of first row array 11A It is to overlap with the rear end of first head chip 11b1 of second row array 11B, and both of which and same pivot Axle 11c1 connects, and so as shown in Figure 2, the rear end of first head chip 11a1 of first row array 11A is also Overlap with the front end of second head chip 11b2 of second row array 11B, and both are and another pivot this Axle 11c2 connects, and in other words, in the present embodiment, has 11 in the array that this head chip 11 is constituted altogether Individual pivot 11c1~11c11, and the two ends of most of head chip 11 are respectively connected with a pivot 11c, only Per first in an array or last head chip 11 be connected with single pivot 11c, arranged by this Row set-up mode, can be such that each head chip 11 can pivots by the pivot 11c that its front end or rear end are arranged Angle changing, each for molding with three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 of the multiple spray orifices 110 allowed on each ink-jet chip 11 Curved surface 20,21,22 can keep an optimal spray printing apart from d2 (as shown in Figure 6), so as to lifted three-dimensional spray printing into The precision of type operation.
It is the three-dimensionally shaped thing of present pre-ferred embodiments that please continue refering to Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, Fig. 4 Schematic diagram.As shown in Fig. 2 the flexible base material 10 of three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 has a width w1, and such as Fig. 4 Shown, the three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 for molding of three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 also has a cross-sectional width w2, and Yu Benshi In applying example, the width w1 of flexible base material 1 is greater than the equidirectional cross-sectional width w2 of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2, whereby, When three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 carry out three-dimensional spray printing operations for forming, the three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 can be smoothly molded.
Please refer to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, Fig. 5 for present pre-ferred embodiments three-dimensionally shaped thing Curved surface stacking schematic diagram for molding, Fig. 6 carries out three-dimensional for the three-dimensional jet printing appts of present pre-ferred embodiments The schematic diagram of spray printing.As shown in Figure 5, it is seen that each curved surface of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 for molding in the present invention 20th, 21,22 three-dimensional kenel, the mode of its shaping predominantly by the three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 of the present invention can Shape of the base material 10 according to the ground floor curved surface 20 of three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 for molding is scratched, makes to be arranged at flexible The flexible base material 10 of displacement mechanism element control (not shown) on the second surface 101 of base material 10 produces corresponding Change in flexibility so that flexible base material 10 as shown in Figure 6 and Bending Deformation is intended to into meet three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 The shape of the ground floor curved surface 20 of type, then by the multiple head chips 11 being arranged on first surface 100 with one Optimal spray printing goes out the three-dimensional kenel of the ground floor curved surface 20 apart from d2 spray printings, thereafter, then by displacement machine constitutive element The sensing element (not shown) of part is further to sense the shape of ground floor curved surface 20 then for molding according to its institute Second layer curved surface 21 shape, make flexible base material 10 produce change in flexibility again, and by multiple head chips 11 on ground floor curved surface 20 the stacked on second layer curved surface 21 of spray printing heap again, it is bent thus by stacked in multi-layers different layers Face 20,21,22, progressively to be constituted three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 for molding.
In the present embodiment, three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 are to be applied to a fused glass pellet machine, but Be not limited, and its moulding material for being adopted be can for but be not limited to thermoplastic macromolecule material, and in some In embodiment, the thermoplastic macromolecule material of the moulding material more can be comprising plastic material and backing material 23 (as schemed Shown in 6), but be not limited.Consequently, it is possible to when the present invention three-dimensional jet printing appts 1 carry out three-dimensional spray printing into During type operation, in addition to spraying to the plastic material for being molded the three-dimensionally shaped thing 2, another title can be more sprayed Material 23, the three-dimensionally shaped thing 2 so as to Auxiliary support.In some embodiments, thermoplastic macromolecule material can For but be not limited to a polyvinyl chloride, a polyethylene, a polystyrene, a polyurethanes, a polyamide, One polyformaldehyde, a cellulosic plastics, a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), a polyimides, a polyphenylene sulfide, a polycarbonate At least one plant macromolecular material, using as plastic material, but be not limited;And in other enforcements In example, the thermoplastic macromolecule material also can be but not be limited to a PLA (PLA), an acrylonitrile-butadiene - styrene (ABS), a butadiene-styrene (BS), an acrylonitrile-styrene (AS), one gather Acetamide (PA), a nylon 6, a nylon66 fiber, a polyacids methyl esters (PMMA), monochlor(in)ate polyethylene (CPE), One celluloid, a PET (PETE or PET), a polyvinyl chloride (PVC), Polypropylene (PP), a polybutyl terapthalate (PBT), the polychloride dimethyl benzene (m-PPE) of a modification At least one plant macromolecular material, using as backing material 23, but be not limited.
In sum, three-dimensional jet printing appts of the invention are mainly by displacement mechanism element controlling Flexible base material produces corresponding flexible deformation according to each curve form of three-dimensionally shaped thing for molding, so that Be arranged at multiple head chips of the first surface of flexible base material can carry out three-dimensional spray printing with an optimal spray printing distance Operations for forming, and stacked in multi-layers goes out the three-dimensionally shaped thing;Three-dimensional jet printing appts flexible whereby make three-dimensionally shaped thing in The kenel change of each layer of curved surface can be more accurately controlled during shaping, and be carried out by the start simultaneously of multiple head chips Three-dimensional spray printing operations for forming, can more accelerate its shaping speed, in order to can quick, efficient and accurately reach three-dimensional spray Print operations for forming.
It is of the invention by person familiar with the technology appoint apply craftsman think and be it is all as modify, so neither take off As attached claim is intended to Protector.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of three-dimensional jet printing appts, to spray a moulding material a three-dimensionally shaped thing, its feature are molded It is that it is included:
One flexible base material, by a displacement mechanism element controlling the flexible base material according to the three-dimensionally shaped thing institute Each curve form for molding and produce change in flexibility, make the flexible base material deformation three-dimensionally shaped to meet this The shape of thing each curved surface for molding;And
Multiple head chips, each head chip is provided with multiple spray orifices, and the plurality of head chip is with multiple Row array row are arranged on the flexible base material, are had between one between two adjacent head chips in each array Away from, and each head chip adjacent head chip corresponding with the adjacent array is pivotally connected with one, And two head chip of two adjacent array misses one another and mutually fits snugly against solid arrangement, makes each sprinkler core The pivotable angle changing of piece, makes the plurality of spray orifice of each ink-jet chip for molding with the three-dimensionally shaped thing institute Each curved surface keep a spray printing distance, to spray the moulding material and mold each curved surface, and heap It is folded to mold the three-dimensionally shaped thing.
2. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the displacement mechanism element has Sensing element, each curved surface for molding to detect the three-dimensionally shaped thing, and then the flexible base is controlled with feedback Material produces change in flexibility.
3. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the width of the flexible base material is more than The cross-sectional width of the three-dimensionally shaped thing.
4. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the flexible base material has one first Surface and a second surface, the first surface is correspondingly arranged with the second surface, and the plurality of head chip is arranged at this On first surface, and the displacement mechanism element is arranged on the second surface.
5. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the moulding material is also comprising at least One thermoplastic macromolecule material.
6. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the thermoplastic macromolecule material is One polyvinyl chloride, a polyethylene, a polystyrene, a polyurethanes, a polyamide, a polyformaldehyde, One cellulosic plastics, a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), a polyimides, a polyphenylene sulfide, a polycarbonate are at least within One of or its mixture.
7. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the thermoplastic macromolecule material is also Comprising a backing material.
8. three-dimensional jet printing appts as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the backing material is a PLA (PLA), an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) (ABS), a butadiene-styrene (BS), one Acrylonitrile-styrene (AS), a policapram (PA), a nylon 6, a nylon66 fiber, a poly- methyl-prop E pioic acid methyl ester (PMMA), monochlor(in)ate polyethylene (CPE), a cellulose acetate, a poly terephthalic acid Second diester (PETE or PET), a polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a polypropylene (PP), one gather to benzene two At least one or its of formic acid dibutyl ester (PBT), a polychloride dimethyl benzene (m-PPE) of modification is mixed Compound.
CN201510764708.9A 2015-11-11 2015-11-11 Three-dimensional jet-printing device Pending CN106671410A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6386684B1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-05-14 Logical Imaging Solutions, Inc. Curved print head for charged particle generation
CN101117049A (en) * 2006-08-04 2008-02-06 三星电子株式会社 Image forming apparatus having array head cartridge
CN102139566A (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-03 精工爱普生株式会社 Head attachment member and liquid ejection device
CN102555481A (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-07-11 施乐公司 Inkjet ejector arrays aligned to a curved image receiving surface with ink recirculation
CN103722886A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-16 汤振华 Surface airbrushing method and airbrushing head for stereoscopic object
CN205097560U (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 研能科技股份有限公司 Seal device is spouted to three -dimensional

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6386684B1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-05-14 Logical Imaging Solutions, Inc. Curved print head for charged particle generation
CN101117049A (en) * 2006-08-04 2008-02-06 三星电子株式会社 Image forming apparatus having array head cartridge
CN102139566A (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-03 精工爱普生株式会社 Head attachment member and liquid ejection device
CN102555481A (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-07-11 施乐公司 Inkjet ejector arrays aligned to a curved image receiving surface with ink recirculation
CN103722886A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-16 汤振华 Surface airbrushing method and airbrushing head for stereoscopic object
CN205097560U (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 研能科技股份有限公司 Seal device is spouted to three -dimensional

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