CN106670980A - Shot blasting machine - Google Patents

Shot blasting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106670980A
CN106670980A CN201510748952.6A CN201510748952A CN106670980A CN 106670980 A CN106670980 A CN 106670980A CN 201510748952 A CN201510748952 A CN 201510748952A CN 106670980 A CN106670980 A CN 106670980A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shot
spiral
spray gun
shot blasting
separator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510748952.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨配媛
Original Assignee
杨配媛
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨配媛 filed Critical 杨配媛
Priority to CN201510748952.6A priority Critical patent/CN106670980A/en
Publication of CN106670980A publication Critical patent/CN106670980A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C3/00Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants
    • B24C3/32Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants designed for abrasive blasting of particular work, e.g. the internal surfaces of cylinder blocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C5/00Devices or accessories for generating abrasive blasts
    • B24C5/02Blast guns, e.g. for generating high velocity abrasive fluid jets for cutting materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • B24C9/003Removing abrasive powder out of the blasting machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • B24C9/006Treatment of used abrasive material

Abstract

The invention provides a shot blasting machine which is special equipment specially used for conducting shot blasting, cleaning and strengthening of the surfaces of gears. The shot blasting machine comprises a shot blasting chamber, a shot blasting system, an abrasive circulation system and an electric control system. The shot blasting system comprises self-suction type spray guns and a spray gun lifting and clamping mechanism. By the adoption of the spray gun lifting and clamping mechanism, the distance and angle between spray guns and spray nozzles and workpieces can be adjusted through the spray gun lifting and clamping mechanism. The abrasive circulation system comprises a vibration conveyor, a hoist, a separation device, a shot blasting hopper and a spiral shot separation device. A spiral shot separator is adopted as the spiral shot separation device. A shot and sand mixture flowing into the hoister is conveyed to the spiral shot separator, the shot and sand mixture spirally flows down along with blades of the spiral shot separator, and shot materials are separated.

Description

A kind of compressed air shotblasting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of blast cleaning equipment, and in particular to a kind of compressed air shotblasting machine.
Background technology
With the fast development of China Railway, and the Fast Construction of city underground, to engine(Particularly motor-car locomotive)And the engine calls more and more higher of underground engines, in-engine travelling gear is required to be even more almost harsh.Determining the factor of gear quality includes inherent quality, surface quality and precision, precision can be ensured by finishing, inherent quality can be ensured by modes such as material prescription, forgings, but how preferably to be improved surface quality and be always the problem that Gear Production enterprise seeks to solve.
The content of the invention
Instant invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of efficient, energy-conservation, reliable novel shot blasting machine, the machine is the special equipment that blast cleaning reinforcing is specially carried out to gear surface.In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is employed the following technical solutions:
The present invention includes wheel abrator cabinet, peening system, the abrasive material circulatory system and electric-control system, the peening system installs self-priming spray gun and spray gun lifting and clamp system, and the spray gun lifting and clamp system include mechanism's arm adjuster, mechanism's wrist adjuster and mechanism head adjuster.
The spray gun lifting and clamp system can adjust the distance of spray gun and nozzle to workpiece and its angle to workpiece;
Mechanism's arm adjuster can adjust the distance of spray gun and nozzle to workpiece and its angle to workpiece.
Mechanism's wrist adjuster can adjust the distance of spray gun and nozzle to workpiece and its angle to workpiece.
The mechanism head adjuster can adjust the distance of spray gun and nozzle to workpiece and its angle to workpiece.
The abrasive material circulatory system includes vibratory conveyer, elevator, separator, storage ball bucket and spiral pellet selecting device, the pill-sand mixture that the spiral pellet selecting device is flowed into from the elevator, it is sent into the spiral pellet selecting device, pill-sand mixture is set to flow down along the blade screw of spiral pellet selecting device, complete oarse-grained bullet rotary speed is fast, under the influence of centrifugal force, go to the bullet on outermost layer blade and flow back to elevator re-using, incomplete bullet, little pellet, dust movement speed are slow, flow down on nexine blade from waste port and flow out.
Spiral pellet selecting device involved in the present invention is a kind of new pellet separator designed according to spiral gravity, centrifugal force grading principle, is a kind of selected pellet separator increased on the basis of same category of device separator.The full curtain-type separator of the selection by winnowing of same category of device, it is to produce negative pressure using the high pressure positive blower of deduster, the dust in separator is siphoned away by cleaning shaft, this separator inferior separating effect, the miscellaneous material of bulky grain cannot be efficiently separated with bullet, and spiral pellet selecting device can just solve this difficult problem, it is made under its helical blade spiral flow along spiral pellet selecting device using the gravity of pellet, centrifugal force, form ball sand flow curtain, the miscellaneous material of bulky grain flows out along internal helical blades, and clean bullet enters elevator and recycles along external spiral blade flow.It is being flow through in shot-blasting gun during special construction using high pressure draught in high speed, air velocity change and the negative pressure that produces, and abrasive material is attracted into spray gun inner chamber from hopper, with high speed and high pressure gas mixing after be ejected into the workpiece of rotary trolley in chamber body(Gear)On, reach blast cleaning, the purpose of reinforcing.
The present invention has the advantages that following 4 aspect compared with legacy equipment:
(1)Compact conformation, it is easy to operate;
(2)The distance and angle of the nozzle of this device spray gun to workpiece can adjust;
(3)This device adopts spiral pellet selecting device, effectively can separate pellet;
(4)The peening system simple structure of this device, reliable operation, save space.
Description of the drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the spiral pellet selecting apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the spray gun lifting of the present invention and clamp system structure chart.
In figure, 1. outer auger blade;2. waste port;3. elevator mouth;4. internal layer helical blade;5. mechanism's arm adjuster;6. mechanism's wrist adjuster;7. mechanism head adjuster;8. chassis;9. electric-control system;10. wheel abrator cabinet;11. elevators;12. separators;13. storage ball buckets;14. maintenance platforms;15. peening systems;16. spiral pellet selecting devices;17. sealing gates;The 18. abrasive material circulatory systems.
Specific embodiment
Refering to shown in Fig. 1, the invention mainly comprises wheel abrator cabinet 10, peening system 15, the abrasive material circulatory system 18 and electric-control system 9;The peening system 15 installs self-priming spray gun and spray gun lifting and clamp system, and the abrasive material circulatory system 18 includes vibratory conveyer, elevator 11, separator 12, storage ball bucket 13 and spiral pellet selecting device 16 etc..The operation principle of the equipment is:Workpiece(Gear)By manually or mechanically device to carrying trolley 8, chassis is driven to sail into wheel abrator cabinet 10 by driving means, close chamber body sealing gate 17, open the Power Drive Unit of each part of the abrasive material circulatory system 18, open peening system 15 to clear up workpiece, the bullet stream accelerated through high pressure is ejected into workpiece by the nozzle of spray gun(Gear)Surface, the bullet stream of high speed destroys the attachments such as the oxide skin of surface of the work, dirt, scab, and changing the position of spray gun and angle by spray gun lifting and clamping device in scale removal process carries out the cleaning of different azimuth to workpiece.The workpiece for cleaning out transports wheel abrator cabinet 10 by chassis 8, completes a clean-up task, and reinstalling next group workpiece carries out the cleaning work of a new round.The bullet cleared up enters the abrasive material circulatory system 18 with the mixture of dust, the impurity for cleaning out, scum, and dust is siphoned away by deduster, and impurity, scum are separated by spiral pellet selecting device 16, and clean bullet is reused into elevator.Maintenance platform 14 is the special platform set up to keeping in repair and change part, and the troubleshooting for equipment provides guarantee.
Refering to shown in Fig. 2, the spiral pellet selecting apparatus structure of the present invention, including outer auger blade 1, waste port 2, elevator mouth 3 and internal layer helical blade 4, the structure can guarantee that shot can efficiently separate bullet with waste material when passing through, it is ensured that high-purity bullet enters self-priming spray gun.The Novel spiral selects ball device to utilize center of gravity, centrifugal force grading principle:From the pill-sand mixture that bucket elevator is flowed into, then directly it is sent into spiral pellet selecting device, under making its outer auger blade 1 and the spiral flow of internal layer helical blade 2 along sorter, form ball sand flow curtain, complete oarse-grained bullet rotary speed is fast, and under the influence of centrifugal force, the bullet stream gone on outer auger blade 1 is re-used to elevator mouth 3, incomplete bullet, little pellet, dust movement speed are slow, flow down on nexine blade from waste port 2 and flow out.The efficiency of separation can reach 90 percent.
Refering to shown in Fig. 3, spray gun lifting and clamp system involved in the present invention can adjust spray gun, nozzle to the distance and angle of workpiece.The spray gun lifting and clamp system drive bullet impact surface of the work to make workpiece reduce internal stress using pressure-air, and surface is strengthened, and improves service life, so as to reach the purpose for improving surface of the work and inherent quality.Peening system under the drive of gun lifting device can uniform motion up and down, make surface of the work strengthen uniformity.Four spray guns can be opened simultaneously, also can individually be opened, operationally with reliable stability, emitted dose uniformity;By governor motion arm adjuster 5, mechanism wrist adjuster 6 or mechanism head adjuster 7, spray gun can do the adjustment of various angles in horizontal, longitudinal direction, to be suitable for blast cleaning, the forced working of different size gear.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of compressed air shotblasting machine, including wheel abrator cabinet, peening system and the abrasive material circulatory system, is characterized in that:
The peening system is provided with spray gun lifting and clamp system, and the spray gun lifting and clamp system can adjust the distance of spray gun and nozzle to workpiece and its angle to workpiece;The abrasive material circulatory system include a spiral pellet selecting device, the spiral pellet selecting device include outer auger blade, waste port, Elevator mouth and internal layer helical blade.
CN201510748952.6A 2015-11-08 2015-11-08 Shot blasting machine Pending CN106670980A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510748952.6A CN106670980A (en) 2015-11-08 2015-11-08 Shot blasting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510748952.6A CN106670980A (en) 2015-11-08 2015-11-08 Shot blasting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106670980A true CN106670980A (en) 2017-05-17

Family

ID=58858460

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510748952.6A Pending CN106670980A (en) 2015-11-08 2015-11-08 Shot blasting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106670980A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110724802A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-24 周宇凡 Shot blasting machine
CN111300283A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-19 合肥易知谷机械设计有限公司 Industrial automatic shot blasting machine
CN113787448A (en) * 2021-11-15 2021-12-14 龙口市大川活塞有限公司 Machining equipment for engine piston

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110724802A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-24 周宇凡 Shot blasting machine
CN111300283A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-19 合肥易知谷机械设计有限公司 Industrial automatic shot blasting machine
CN113787448A (en) * 2021-11-15 2021-12-14 龙口市大川活塞有限公司 Machining equipment for engine piston

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170517

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication