A kind of mould automatic assembling and disassembling system of core shooter
The present invention relates in metal casting industry core shooter corollary apparatus, and in particular to it is a kind of to realize the mould to core shooter
The system that tool carries out automatic loading and unloading.
In metal casting industry, the preparation of core box is generally completed using core shooter, wherein, the mold weight for using typically exists
Between 500-5000kg.Generally, different moulds is placed in die storehouse, when loading with more mold exchange, is needed using dress
Mould dolly.In prior art, the handling of mould are completed using human assistance equipment.Referring to shown in accompanying drawing 1, for core shooter
Mould handling system include die-filling dolly 1, with dolly coordinate, be provided with fork truck 2 and crane 3.Wherein, die-filling dolly 1 and to
Three core shooters 4 being arranged in juxtaposition are supporting, are arranged on the rear side of core shooter 4, including being arranged in the walking track on ground, be arranged on
The dolly for moving back and forth and the die filling mechanism for being arranged on dolly top on walking track, wherein, the die filling mechanism is fixation
In the vertically arranged roller-way of car top and orbital direction, generally, two groups of roller-ways are set, one group is used to load mould to be installed
Tool, another group is used to receive the mould for changing.When using, first mould to be installed is delivered near dolly with fork truck 2, then
Installed a mold on die-filling dolly 1 with crane 3, die-filling dolly 1 is moved at the core shooter 4 of mould to be replaced, on core shooter 4
Mould be transferred on charging carriage by roller-way, then move charging carriage, make mold alignment core shooter to be installed, carry out mould
Tool is loaded, so as to complete the replacing of mould.
Above-mentioned technology has the following disadvantages：(1) need manually to operate fork truck and crane in cargo handling process, it is impossible to realize certainly
Dynamic handling；(2) die filling mechanism on die-filling dolly is corresponding with die bottom plate, it is impossible to penetrate suitable for the multiple stage of different mould sizes
Core machine, as shown in figure 1, the core shooter to different specifications, needs to be respectively provided with die-filling dolly；(3) need to design die-filling dolly
Track, forklift operator region etc., take up room big, affect Workshop Production efficiency.
The content of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of mould automatic assembling and disassembling system of core shooter, realize mould from die storehouse to
The full-automatic handling of core shooter, it is not necessary to manual intervention, and adapt to the application demand using the core shooter of different size mould.
To achieve the above object of the invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is：A kind of mould automatic loading and unloading system of core shooter
System, including die storehouse, die-filling dolly, the die-filling dolly is provided with die filling mechanism and mould positioning mechanism, the die-filling dolly
Using AGV dollies as trolley body, the die filling mechanism be variable spacing roller-way, the direction of transfer of the variable spacing roller-way
It is consistent with the vehicle-body width direction of the AGV dollies；Trolley control system is provided with, the trolley control system includes AGV dollies
Guiding module, die filling mechanism drive module and mould positioning mechanism drive module, respectively connection control AGV dollies, die-filling
Mechanism and mould positioning mechanism；The die storehouse is provided with the mould load station coordinated with die-filling dolly.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, track is provided with the die storehouse, mold storing bit distribution is in the track both sides, mould
Load station is located at one end of track, and track is provided with storage car automatically, and the automatic storage roof is provided with die-filling with described
The roller-way that variable spacing roller-way on dolly coordinates.
, more than the width of the AGV dollies, the AGV is little for variable spacing roller-way correspondence for the width of the variable spacing roller-way
Car both sides are equipped with import and export.As needed, can arrange that 1-4 covers variable spacing roller-way on dolly.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the variable spacing roller-way includes roller-way support, is separately mounted to roller-way support side frames
Two row's rollers, the roller transmission mechanism in roller-way support side frames of inner side；The roller is without chimb roller；Correspondence
Two side frames of roller-way support are provided with a pair flexible position-limit mechanisms, and the flexible position-limit mechanism includes mobility framework and drives dress
Put, the side of the mobility framework is located at roller top and has gap between roller, the relative side of two side movable frames it
Between constitute the spacing space of die bottom plate, the driving means drive the mobility framework to make it have the freedom of relative side frame translation
Degree；Stretch in the spacing space of the die bottom plate and supporting mould base plate the interior lateral margin without chimb roller.
Wherein, the intermarginal distance in the two rows roller inner side is added less than the minimum baseplate width in mould to be loaded and propped up
Hold width, the intermarginal distance in the outside of the two rows roller is more than the maximum baseplate width in mould to be loaded.
Thus, mobility framework is driven by driving means so as to which diverse location of the lateral margin above roller, two rows are spacing
Distance between guide wheel and die bottom plate width fits, realize that left and right is spacing to die bottom plate, you can with suitable for different in width
Die bottom plate.
Further technical scheme, is disposed with multiple spacing guide wheels on the side of the mobility framework, described spacing to lead
Wheel is spacing to die bottom plate.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the driving means include being arranged on cylinder or hydraulic cylinder on the side frame, cylinder or
Piston rod one end of hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the mobility framework, constitutes the driving structure to mobility framework.
Further technical scheme, is provided with guiding mechanism, and the guiding mechanism is located at the mobility framework and the side frame
Between, make the translation direction of the mobility framework consistent with the rotor shaft direction of the roller.
Preferably, the driving means are located at the middle part of side frame, and each side frame is provided with 2 groups of guiding mechanisms, the guiding
Mechanism is symmetrical relative to the driving means.
Further technical scheme, is provided with turn-key system, and the turn-key system connecting mold storehouse, die-filling dolly and is penetrated respectively
The control system of core machine.
When using, die-filling dolly is moved to first mould load station, and according to die information variable spacing roller-way is adjusted
Actual pitch, while the detent mechanism that mould enters outgoing direction side is opened, by the rotation mould of roller die-filling dolly is moved to automatically,
Roller-way stops operating and the detent mechanism of front side is locked after mould immigration is touched is not switched on detent mechanism to opposite side, it is ensured that mould
What is had is relatively fixed；Operation more than repeating can move into many molds on a die-filling dolly, and then die-filling dolly band mould is moved
Dock to core shooter rear side and with corresponding mould roller-way, then unclamp the detent mechanism of turnover side, rotate the roller on roller-way
Mould is set smoothly to move into core shooter.
Ibid process exchanges die storehouse and core shooter then is capable of achieving the mould in core shooter to move to put back to after die-filling dolly
If mould being had in core shooter but need to disposably be changed, an empty roller-way is reserved on die-filling dolly, it is die-filling
Core shooter inner mold is first removed after roller-way in empty roller-way docking core shooter on dolly, then drives AGV dollies so that new die roller
Roller-way in road docking core shooter, moves into new die.
Because above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the present invention has compared with prior art following advantages：
1st, the present invention builds die-filling dolly by arranging AGV dollies, it is possible to achieve the overall process from die storehouse to core shooter is automatic
2nd, the present invention adopts variable spacing roller-way, and the core shooter of plurality of specifications can be met with same automatically die-filling dolly
Use requirement, such that it is able to the core shooter of different size is arranged together, is easy to plant layout and reduces use cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of prior art；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention one；
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of die-filling dolly in embodiment；
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of die-filling dolly.
Wherein：1st, die-filling dolly；2nd, fork truck；3rd, crane；4th, core shooter；5th, die storehouse；6th, car is deposited automatically；7th, AGV is little
Car；8th, variable spacing roller-way；9th, roller；10th, guiding mechanism；11st, mobility framework；12nd, driving means；13rd, mould positioning mechanism；
14th, spacing guide wheel.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment the invention will be further described：
Embodiment one：It is shown in Figure 2, a kind of mould automatic assembling and disassembling system of core shooter, including die storehouse 5, die-filling dolly 1,
The die-filling dolly 1 is provided with die filling mechanism and mould positioning mechanism 13, and the die-filling dolly is using AGV dollies 7 as dolly
Body, the die filling mechanism is variable spacing roller-way 8, the direction of transfer of the variable spacing roller-way 8 and the AGV dollies 7
Vehicle-body width direction is consistent；Trolley control system is provided with, the trolley control system includes AGV dolly guiding modules, pan filler
Structure drive module and mould positioning mechanism drive module, respectively connection controls the AGV dollies, die filling mechanism and mould localization machine
Track is provided with die storehouse 5, mold storing bit distribution is in the track both sides, and one end composition of track is little with die-filling
The mould load station that car coordinates, track is provided with storage car 6 automatically, and the top of the automatic storage car 6 is provided with die-filling with described
The roller-way that variable spacing roller-way on dolly coordinates.
The variable spacing roller-way 8 includes roller-way support, two row's rollers being separately mounted on the inside of roller-way support side frames
9th, the roller transmission mechanism in roller-way support side frames；The roller is without chimb roller；The two of correspondence roller-way support
Individual side frame is provided with a pair flexible position-limit mechanisms, and the flexible position-limit mechanism includes mobility framework 11 and driving means 12, the shifting
The side of dynamic framework 11 is located at roller top and has gap between roller, and two side movable frames constitute mould between relative side
The spacing space of tool base plate, the driving means 12 drive the mobility framework 11 to make it have the degree of freedom of relative side frame translation；
Stretch in the spacing space of the die bottom plate and supporting mould base plate the interior lateral margin without chimb roller.In the two rows roller
Distance between lateral margin adds supporting width, the lateral border of the two rows roller less than the minimum baseplate width in mould to be loaded
Between distance more than the maximum baseplate width in mould to be loaded.It is disposed with the side of the mobility framework multiple spacing
Guide wheel 14, the spacing guide wheel 14 is spacing to die bottom plate.
The driving means 12 include the piston rod of the cylinder or hydraulic cylinder being arranged on the side frame, cylinder or hydraulic cylinder
One end is fixedly connected with the mobility framework, constitutes the driving structure to mobility framework.It is provided with guiding mechanism, the guiding mechanism
10 are located between the mobility framework and the side frame, make the translation direction of the mobility framework and the rotor shaft direction of the roller
Unanimously.The driving means are located at the middle part of side frame, and each side frame is provided with 2 groups of guiding mechanisms, the guiding mechanism relative to
The driving means are symmetrical.
Turn-key system is provided with the present embodiment, the turn-key system difference connecting mold storehouse, die-filling dolly and core shooter
Control system.Can be connected by wireless communication system between the control system of turn-key system and die-filling dolly.
After the instruction for receiving turn-key system, the automatic storage car in die storehouse takes out corresponding mould and exports to die storehouse
The mould load station at place, automatic die-filling dolly also moves to exit, automatically the variable spacing roller-way and mould on die-filling dolly
Roller-way on automatic storage car in stereo garage forms docking, and mould rolls into automatic die-filling dolly, then automatic die-filling dolly root
Corresponding core shooter rear portion is moved to according to desired guiding trajectory according to command request, and is docked with machine roller formation in core shooter, then mould leads to
The conveying for crossing roller-way is sent into mould in core shooter, completes the automatic transport process of mould.
Ibid process exchange mould stereo garage and core shooter be then capable of achieving the mould in core shooter to move to it is automatically die-filling little
Mould stereo garage is put back to after car.
As mould being had in core shooter but need to disposably be changed, then an empty roller-way is reserved on automatic die-filling dolly, from
Move and first remove after roller-way in the docking core shooter of the empty roller-way on die-filling dolly core shooter inner mold, then drive automatic die-filling dolly to make
Roller-way in new die roller-way docking core shooter is obtained, new die is moved into.
Due to the mobility of this automatic die-filling dolly, only track data need to be preset, can also be by automatic die-filling dolly
Related die is transported to other stations, such as mold cleaning station.