CN106670301B - Broaching equipment and chambering process - Google Patents

Broaching equipment and chambering process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106670301B
CN106670301B CN201611251503.1A CN201611251503A CN106670301B CN 106670301 B CN106670301 B CN 106670301B CN 201611251503 A CN201611251503 A CN 201611251503A CN 106670301 B CN106670301 B CN 106670301B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
reaming
forearm
cylinder
reaming cylinder
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Active
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CN201611251503.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106670301A (en
Inventor
王国红
赵国栋
葛文中
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Tianjin Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
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Tianjin Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611251503.1A priority Critical patent/CN106670301B/en
Publication of CN106670301A publication Critical patent/CN106670301A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D31/00Other methods for working sheet metal, metal tubes, metal profiles
    • B21D31/04Expanding other than provided for in groups B21D1/00 - B21D28/00, e.g. for making expanded metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/10Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers
    • B21D43/105Manipulators, i.e. mechanical arms carrying a gripper element having several degrees of freedom
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • B21D45/02Ejecting devices

Abstract

A kind of broaching equipment of present invention proposition and chambering process, the broaching equipment include staving press and feeding platform, and the blank supplied in feeding platform extends in a first direction;Further include:Reaming cylinder, liftout attachment and loading and unloading manipulator;Reaming cylinder is set to staving press, reaming cylinder has job position and position of reloading, reaming cylinder is driven to be moved between job position and position of reloading, reaming cylinder is in position feeding or the blanking of reloading, reaming cylinder has a first end and a second end, the first end of reaming cylinder can carry out feeding or blanking, and reaming cylinder first end receives the blank extended in a second direction, and first direction intersects with second direction;Liftout attachment corresponds to the second end positioned at reaming cylinder, can eject the material in reaming cylinder to first end and carry out blanking or feeding;Loading and unloading manipulator is supplied to the first end of reaming cylinder after turning to blank from feeding platform.Loading and unloading are completed by a loading and unloading manipulator;Staving press structure is set to greatly simplify;Chambering process is set also to be simplified.

Description

Broaching equipment and chambering process
Technical field
The present invention relates to counter-boring techniques field more particularly to a kind of broaching equipments and chambering process.
Background technology
Metal hot extrusion is to squeeze out the steel billet of carbon steel, alloy steel or stainless steel from a die hole, obtains die hole shape Section.The type of the proximate matter and tubing of present carbon steel and various steel alloys, stainless steel, high strength steel and nickel base superalloy etc. Material and tubing can use hot-extrusion method to shape.If hot-extruded product is tubing, it require that the steel billet of metal is hollow Base.Using the technique of reaming:A technique aperture is bored on billet in advance with deep hole drilling machine, then with vertical staving press centering Heart hole carries out reaming.This method is become a useful person, and rate is high, and rate of metal is big.Before vertical staving press carries out billet centre bore reaming, need Billet is input to reaming cylinder;Billet is needed to export from reaming cylinder after completing reaming.
Currently, reaming cylinder is fixed on the work centre of vertical staving press, need that billet is completed to expand from one end of reaming cylinder It needs to export from the other end of reaming cylinder behind hole, loading and unloading respectively need a manipulator, i.e. feeding manipulator and blanking mechanical hand. Its course of work is as follows:First, feeding manipulator material folding is swung in;Then, the collet of feeding manipulator unclamps;Then, liftout cylinder Decline the collet for making billet be detached from feeding manipulator;Finally, feeding manipulator is shown.Reaming process is carried out, reaming action is completed Afterwards;First, blanking mechanical hand is swung in;Then, liftout cylinder rises the collet for making billet enter feeding manipulator;In next step, feeding The collet of manipulator clamps;Finally, blanking mechanical hand material folding is shown.The broaching equipment needs feeding manipulator and blanking mechanical hand Totally two manipulators complete loading and unloading work, complicated;And chambering process is also more complex.
Above- mentioned information disclosed in the background technology part is only used for reinforcing the understanding of the background to the present invention, therefore it May include the information not constituted to the prior art known to persons of ordinary skill in the art.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome at least one of the above-mentioned prior art insufficient, a kind of simple in structure, occupancy is provided Space small broaching equipment and chambering process.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of broaching equipment, the broaching equipment include:Including a staving press and One feeding platform, the blank supplied in feeding platform extend in a first direction;The broaching equipment further includes:Reaming cylinder, liftout attachment And loading and unloading manipulator;Reaming cylinder is set to staving press, and reaming cylinder has job position and position of reloading, reaming cylinder are driven It is moved between job position and position of reloading, reaming cylinder has first end and second in position feeding or the blanking of reloading, reaming cylinder End, the first end of reaming cylinder can carry out feeding or blanking, and reaming cylinder first end receives the blank extended in a second direction, and first Intersect with second direction in direction;Liftout attachment correspond to positioned at reaming cylinder second end, the base material in reaming cylinder can be ejected to First end carries out blanking or feeding;Blank is supplied to the first of reaming cylinder by loading and unloading manipulator after feeding platform conversion direction End.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the loading and unloading machinery is also completed up and down with feeding platform and the cooperation of entrance roller tables Material, the loading and unloading manipulator include:
Large arm, it is hinged with a fixed seat;
Forearm, it is hinged with the large arm;
Clip claw mechanism is set to described forearm one end, for blank to be clamped;
First driving unit makes the forearm and clip claw mechanism and the feeding platform for driving the large arm to rotate Cooperation carries out feeding and with the entrance roller tables coordinates to carry out blanking;
Second driving unit, for driving the forearm to make the clip claw mechanism and the expansion relative to hinge point rotation Hole cylinder cooperation carries out loading and unloading, and the rotational plane of the forearm is vertical with the rotational plane of the large arm.
According to an embodiment of the present invention,
The large arm and the fixed seat are hinged by the first articulated shaft;
The forearm and the large arm are hinged by the second articulated shaft;
First articulated shaft is vertical with second articulated shaft.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the clip claw mechanism includes:
Stationary jaw is fixed on described forearm one end;
The blank is clamped with stationary jaw cooperation in movable jaw;
Third driving unit, for driving the movable jaw to move.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the clip claw mechanism also includes:
Adjusting block is set to the one side that the stationary jaw and the movable jaw are contacted with the blank, for adjusting State the openings of sizes of clip claw mechanism.
According to an embodiment of the present invention,
The first limited block is additionally provided in the large arm;
The first block is additionally provided in the fixed seat, first block and first limited block cooperation limitation are described big Arm rotation angle.
According to an embodiment of the present invention,
The second limited block is additionally provided on the forearm;
The second block is additionally provided in the large arm, second block limits the forearm with second limited block cooperation Rotation angle.
According to an embodiment of the present invention,
First block is equipped with switch, and the switch is for sensing whether the large arm is rotated in place;
Second block is equipped with switch, and the switch is for sensing whether the forearm is rotated in place.
According to an embodiment of the present invention,
First driving unit is hinged in the fixed seat, promote-side and the large arm of first driving unit It is hinged;
Second driving unit is hinged in the large arm, and promote-side and the forearm of second driving unit are cut with scissors It connects;
The third driving unit is hinged on the forearm, and the promote-side of the third driving unit is pressed from both sides with the activity Pawl is hinged.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of chambering process of broaching equipment described above, the reaming are provided Technique includes the following steps:
Step 1:The reaming cylinder removes the staving press;The liftout attachment rising heads into the reaming cylinder;It is described Blank is placed into the upper end of the reaming cylinder by loading and unloading manipulator;The liftout attachment decline makes the blank fall into the expansion In the cylinder of hole;
Step 2:The reaming cylinder moves into the staving press and completes reaming;
Step 3:The reaming cylinder removes the staving press again;The loading and unloading manipulator is placed into the reaming cylinder Upper end and decontrol the clip claw mechanism;The liftout attachment rises ejects the reaming cylinder by the blank for completing reaming;It is described Loading and unloading manipulator is grabbed by the blank for completing reaming.
As shown from the above technical solution, the present invention has at least one of following advantages and good effect:Reaming cylinder energy The work centre of vertical staving press is enough removed, the position of reaming cylinder loading and unloading has been moved to the outer of the work centre of vertical staving press Side, to which loading and unloading can be completed by a loading and unloading manipulator;The structure of staving press is set to greatly simplify;To make reaming work Skill is also simplified.
Description of the drawings
Its example embodiment is described in detail by referring to accompanying drawing, above and other feature of the invention and advantage will become It is more obvious.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of broaching equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram of the loading and unloading manipulator in feeding with feeding platform cooperation in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that the loading and unloading manipulator in Fig. 1 coordinates in feeding, discharge with charging cylinder, feeding platform and entrance roller tables Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 a are the structural schematic diagrams for installing the mobile work platform after reaming cylinder;
Fig. 4 b are the schematic top plan views of Fig. 4 a;
Fig. 4 c are that the right side of Fig. 4 a regards half-section diagram;
In figure:1, loading and unloading manipulator;2, liftout tank;3, charging cylinder;4, reaming cylinder;5, entrance roller tables;6, ground;7, base Material;8 feeding platforms;9, mobile work platform;
11, fixed seat;111, fixed plate;112, foundation bolt;113, reinforcing rib;114, the first block;
12, big arm mechanism;121, the first driving unit;122, large arm;123, the first articulated shaft;124, the first limited block; 125, the second block;
13, small arm mechanism;131, the second driving unit;132, forearm;133, the second articulated shaft;134, the second limited block;
14, clip claw mechanism;141, third driving unit;142, stationary jaw;143, movable jaw;144, adjusting block
91, pressing plate;92, pedestal;93, guide rail;94, guide plate;95, slide plate;96, power plant.
Specific implementation mode
Example embodiment is described more fully with reference to the drawings.However, example embodiment can be with a variety of shapes Formula is implemented, and is not understood as limited to embodiment set forth herein;On the contrary, thesing embodiments are provided so that the present invention will Fully and completely, and by the design of example embodiment comprehensively it is communicated to those skilled in the art.Identical attached drawing in figure Label indicates same or similar structure, thus will omit their detailed description.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of broaching equipment of the present invention;Fig. 2 is that the loading and unloading manipulator in Fig. 1 exists The structural schematic diagram coordinated with feeding platform when feeding;Fig. 3 be loading and unloading manipulator in Fig. 1 in feeding, discharge with charging cylinder, on Expect platform and the structural schematic diagram of entrance roller tables cooperation.For loading and unloading manipulator shown in figure, Fig. 2 is the right side of Fig. 1 Schematic side view, Fig. 3 are the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1.Dotted line expressed portion is divided into the shape after same mechanism rotation angle difference in figure State.
Shown in referring to Fig.1, which may include staving press and feeding platform 8, the base supplied in the feeding platform 8 Material 7 extends in a first direction;The broaching equipment can also include reaming cylinder 4, liftout attachment and loading and unloading manipulator 1.Expand Hole cylinder 4 is set to the staving press, and the reaming cylinder 4 has job position and position of reloading, the reaming cylinder 4 are driven in institute It states and is moved between job position and the position of reloading, the reaming cylinder 4 is in reload position feeding or the blanking, the reaming cylinder 4 have a first end and a second end, and the first end of the reaming cylinder 4 can carry out feeding or blanking, the reaming cylinder 4 first End receives the blank extended in a second direction, and the first direction intersects with the second direction;In the present embodiment, described Also it is vertical state when reaming cylinder 4 removes the staving press, i.e., the described second direction is vertical direction, and the first direction is water Square to certainly it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the first direction and second direction can be interchanged, can also be Other direction.Liftout attachment uses liftout tank 2, liftout attachment to correspond to the second end positioned at the reaming cylinder 4, can be by the reaming Material in cylinder 4 ejects to the first end and carries out blanking or feeding;In the present embodiment, the liftout attachment rises blank The 7 ejection reaming cylinders 4, the liftout attachment decline make blank 7 fall into the reaming cylinder 4.Loading and unloading manipulator 1 is by blank 7 The first end of the reaming cylinder 4 is supplied to after 8 conversion direction of the feeding platform.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4 a, Fig. 4 b and Fig. 4 c, broaching equipment selection one mobile work platform 9 of setting, mobile work platform 9 It can be moved between job position and position of reloading, 9 top of mobile work platform is equipped with connects and fixes the expansion for activity The pressing plate 91 of hole cylinder 4,9 lower part of mobile work platform is provided with pedestal 92, guiding is provided between pedestal 92 and mobile work platform 9 Device, guider are the guide rail 93 being arranged on pedestal 92 and are arranged guide groove in 9 lower part of mobile work platform, guide rail 93 On be provided with guide plate 94, the slide plate 95 contacted with guide plate 94 is provided in guide groove, the gap between guide plate 94 and slide plate 95 can be with It adjusts.Mobile work platform 9 can control power plant 96 by automatic control device and be moved, or control pressing plate 91 compresses or pine Reaming cylinder 4 is opened with loading-unloading fan boring cylinder 4.Power plant 96 can be electric cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.Reaming cylinder 4 is stablized by pressing plate 91 Ground is located in reaming position, ensures the contraposition operation of ream operation;It can also be by guider and power plant 96 upper and lower Discharge position is fast moved with job position, and in order to carry out automatic loading/unloading, a set of feeding system or blanking are reduced with this System is realized the two function by a set of robot device.Meanwhile it can be convenient for carrying out installing and dismounting, energy side to reaming cylinder 4 Just rapidly reaming cylinder 4 is overhauled and is safeguarded.
Reaming cylinder 4 can remove the work centre of vertical staving press, and the position of 4 loading and unloading of reaming cylinder has been moved to vertical reaming The outside of the work centre of machine, to which loading and unloading can be completed by a loading and unloading manipulator;Make the structure of staving press significantly Simplify;To make chambering process also be simplified.
With reference to shown in Fig. 2, which may include:Fixed seat 11, big arm mechanism 12, small arm mechanism 13 with And clip claw mechanism 14.
The fixed seat 11 can be rigid solder structure, and the side of the contact ground 6 of the fixed seat 11 is fixed with Fixed board 111, is provided with mounting hole in the fixed plate 111, and foundation bolt 112 is by mounting hole by fixed seat 11 and the ground 6 fix.Manipulator in the present invention grab take be various steel alloys, stainless steel, high strength steel and nickel base superalloy etc. type Material, few then several tons of the weight of these proximate matters, tens tons of more persons;And the fixed part of the manipulator in the present invention only has fixed seat 11, so the requirement to the stability and bearing capacity of fixed seat 11 is very high.Setting fixed plate 111 increase fixed seat 11 with The contact area of ground 6 not only increases fixing intensity, and the stress of fixed seat 11 can be effectively prevent to topple over.In this reality It applies in example, reinforcing rib 113 is also associated between fixed plate 111 and fixed seat 11, reinforcing rib 113 can further be effectively prevent The stress of fixed seat 11 is toppled over.
The big arm mechanism 12 can include the first driving unit 121 and large arm 122;The large arm 122 can be rigidity Welding structure, the large arm 122 is hinged with the fixed seat 11 by the first articulated shaft 123, and the large arm 122 is hinged on institute The upper end of fixed seat 11 is stated, Fig. 1 is subject in "upper" herein, and the "upper" in figure is "upper" herein.Large arm 122 is hinged At the upper end of fixed seat 11, large arm 122 is substantially coaxial with fixed seat 11 after rotating, and the center of gravity of large arm 122 will not deviate de- From fixed seat 11, it can prevent the manipulator from grabbing by after blank 7, be toppled over due to the gravity of blank 7.Certainly, this field Technical staff it is understood that large arm 122 can not also be hinged on the upper end of the fixed seat 11, fixed seat can be hinged on 11 side.
First driving unit 121 is hinged in the fixed seat 11, the promote-side of first driving unit 121 It is hinged with the large arm 122;The promote-side of first driving unit 121 drives the large arm 122 to be rotated up after stretching out, greatly Arm 122 drives small arm mechanism 13 and clip claw mechanism 14 to carry out loading and unloading with the entrance roller tables 5 or the cooperation of feeding platform 8.At this In embodiment, the big arm mechanism 12 is 90 ° around the swing angle of the first articulated shaft 123, and specially large arm 122 is around the first hinge Spindle 123 can be swung up 90 °, large arm and fixed seat almost coaxial after swinging 90 °;With entrance roller tables 5 or feeding platform 8 When cooperation, large arm 122 is horizontality, and vertical state is essentially after swing.The swing angle of large arm 122 can be other angles Degree, swing angle are decided by the position relationship of entrance roller tables 5 and feeding platform 8 and large arm 122.For example, it described first drives Moving cell 121 can be oil cylinder, cylinder or electric cylinder.Electric cylinder is light, startup is fast, speed is high, but cost is high, and carries Power is low.Oil cylinder and cylinder are heavy, startup is slow, speed is low, but low cost, and high capacity therefore can be according to practical need Select suitable driver.In addition, 121 mounting means of the first driving unit is also not necessarily limited to foregoing description, for example, it is pacified Dress mode is available and foregoing description is on the contrary, i.e. the first driving unit 121 is hinged in large arm 122, and promote-side is cut with scissors with fixed seat 11 It connects.
The small arm mechanism 13 can include the second driving unit 131 and forearm 132;The forearm 132 can be rigidity Welding structure, the forearm 132 is hinged with the large arm 122 by the second articulated shaft 133, and the forearm 132 is hinged on described The upper end of large arm 122.Fig. 3 is subject in "upper" herein, and the "upper" in figure is "upper" herein.Forearm 132 is hinged on greatly When the upper end of arm 122, forearm 132 is substantially coaxial with large arm 122 after rotating, and the center of gravity of forearm 132 will not deviate disengaging large arm 122, it can prevent the manipulator from grabbing by after blank 7, be toppled over due to the gravity of blank 7.Certainly, those skilled in the art Member can be hinged on the side of large arm 122 it is understood that forearm 132 can not also be hinged on the upper end of the large arm 122.
As shown in Figure 1, second driving unit 131 is hinged in the large arm 122, second driving unit 131 Promote-side and the forearm 132 it is hinged;The promote-side of second driving unit 131 driven after stretching out the forearm 132 to Lower rotation, the drive of the forearm 132 state clip claw mechanism 14 and carry out loading and unloading with the reaming cylinder 4 cooperation;In the present embodiment, institute The swing angle that small arm mechanism 13 is stated around hinge joint is 90 °, and specially forearm 132 can be to lower swing around the second articulated shaft 133 90°;Forearm 132 is essentially vertical state after the drive lower swing of large arm 122, and small 132 arm is matched with reaming cylinder 4 after swinging 90 ° It closes, forearm 132 is horizontality at this time;The swing angle of forearm 132 can be other angles, and swing angle is decided by reaming The position relationship of cylinder 4 and forearm 132.For example, second driving unit 131 can be oil cylinder, cylinder or electric cylinder.Electricity Dynamic cylinder is light, it is fast to start, speed height, but cost is high, and low bearing capacity.Oil cylinder and cylinder are heavy, startup is slow, speed is low, But low cost, and therefore high capacity can select suitable driver according to actual needs.In addition, described second drives 131 mounting means of moving cell is also not necessarily limited to foregoing description, for example, its mounting means is available and foregoing description is on the contrary, i.e. second drives Moving cell 131 is hinged on forearm 132, and promote-side is hinged with large arm 122.
The rotational plane of the forearm 132 is vertical with the rotational plane of the large arm 122.Specifically, the large arm 122 The first hinged articulated shaft 123 is horizontally disposed with the fixed seat 11, the forearm 132 and the large arm 122 it is hinged the Two articulated shafts 133 are vertical with first articulated shaft 123;In the present embodiment, first articulated shaft and the blank for needing reaming It is arranged in parallel, i.e., large arm 122 can be rotated upwardly and downwardly around the first articulated shaft 123.
Since the reaming cylinder 4 of vertical staving press is vertical setting, need blank 7 is vertical to be fitted into reaming cylinder 4;Such as Fig. 2 institutes Show, and feeding platform 8 and entrance roller tables 5 are arranged for horizontal type, 7 horizontal type of blank is rolled down from feeding platform 8 is packed into clip claw mechanism 14, needs 7 horizontal type of blank is packed into entrance roller tables 5.In the present embodiment, laterally crawl blank 7, the first driving unit 121 drive clip claw mechanism 14 Large arm 122 rotates 90 °, and blank 7 remains as horizontal type at this time, and then, the second driving unit 131 drives the forearm 132 to rotate 90 °, and the rotational plane of forearm 132 is vertical with the rotational plane of the large arm 122, so that blank 7 is converted to vertical;First Articulated shaft 123 and the second articulated shaft 133 are that plumbness completes vertical reaming so can make the 7 horizontal, vertical conversion of generation blank The cooperation of machine and feeding platform 8 and entrance roller tables 5.
The clip claw mechanism 14 can include stationary jaw 142, movable jaw 143 and third driving unit 141;It is described Stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143 can be rigid solder structure, and the stationary jaw 142 is fixed on the forearm 132 On, the movable jaw 143 is hinged by third articulated shaft and the forearm 132, the stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143 are arranged at the upper end of forearm 132, when stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143 are hinged on the upper end of forearm 132, this Fig. 3 is subject in the "upper" at place, and the "upper" in figure is "upper" herein.Similarly, when rotating to be vertical state, stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143 and grab the blank 7 taken center of gravity will not deviate be detached from large arm 122, can prevent the manipulator from grabbing After blank 7, toppled over due to the gravity of blank 7.Certainly, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, geometrical clamp Pawl 142 and movable jaw 143 can also be not arranged in the upper end of the forearm 132, may be provided at the side of forearm 132.Certainly, The mounting means of the movable jaw 143 is also not necessarily limited to foregoing description, for example, movable jaw 143 can be hinged on stationary jaw On 142.
The third driving unit 141 is hinged on the forearm 132, and promote-side is hinged with the movable jaw 143; The promote-side of the third driving unit 141 drives the movable jaw 143 to be rotated to stationary jaw 142 and clamps base when stretching out Material 7, the promote-side of the third driving unit 141 drive the movable jaw 143 to the side far from stationary jaw 142 when retracting Loosen blank 7 to rotation.In the present embodiment, the movable jaw 143 is 22 ° around the swing angle of hinge joint, movable jaw 143 swing angle can be other angles, and swing angle is decided by the outer diameter of the blank to be clamped 7.
For example, the third driving unit 141 can be oil cylinder, cylinder or electric cylinder.Electric cylinder is light, starts Soon, speed is high, but cost is high, and low bearing capacity.Oil cylinder and cylinder are heavy, startup is slow, speed is low, but low cost, and And therefore high capacity can select suitable driver according to actual needs.In addition, the third driving unit 141 is installed Mode is also not necessarily limited to foregoing description, for example, its mounting means is available and foregoing description is on the contrary, i.e. third driving unit 141 is hinged On movable jaw 143, promote-side is hinged with forearm 132.
Further, what the stationary jaw 142 and the movable jaw 143 were contacted with blank 7 is provided with adjusting on one side Block 144, the adjusting block 144 are fixed by screws on stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143;In stationary jaw 142 and live In the case that dynamic clamping jaw 143 opens equal angular, after installation and adjustment block 144, stationary jaw 142 can be pressed from both sides with movable jaw 143 The outer diameter size for the blank 7 held will become smaller, and the adjusting block 144 is the different diversified forms of thickness, to reach described in adjusting The outer diameter size of the blank 7 can be clamped in clip claw mechanism 14.
Specifically, the section of the stationary jaw 142 can be the form of " V " shape slot, the movable jaw 143 is cut Face may be the form of " V " shape slot, in the case where blank 7 are clamped, blank 7 and the one of the " V " shape slot of stationary jaw 142 Side, the side of " V " shape slot of movable jaw 143 and the end face of forearm 132 contact, and realize 3 points of clampings to blank 7, ensure The stability of clamping.Certainly, the structure of the stationary jaw 142 and movable jaw 143 is also not necessarily limited to foregoing description, for example, It can also be the various forms such as "u"-shaped groove.
Further, the first limited block 124 is provided in the large arm 122, be provided in the fixed seat 11 with it is described The cooperation of first limited block 124 limits the first block 114 of 122 rotation angle of large arm.Specifically, being set in fixed seat 11 It is the first block 114 to be equipped with upward projecting block, and it is the first limit to be provided in large arm 122 to its side projecting block outstanding Position block 124, the first limited block 124 that large arm 122 rotates after about 90 ° thereon are contacted with the first block 114 in fixed seat 11, are hindered Only large arm 122 continues to rotate, and after the first driving unit 121 experiences resistance, stops the output of driving force, to reach limit The purpose of 122 rotation angle of large arm processed.Preferably, contact-making switch or close switch etc. can be installed on the first block 114, when Contact-making switch or close to after switch senses to the first limited block 124 can control the first driving unit 121 by controller etc. and stop The only output of driving force.By contact-making switch or close to switch the first driving unit 121 of control, reaction speed is fast, avoids first Driving unit 121 for a long time overload and caused by damage.It will be understood to those skilled in the art that contact-making switch or close to opening Closing can also be mounted on the first limited block 124.
Further, it is provided with the second limited block 134 on the forearm 132, is provided in the large arm 122 and described The cooperation of two limited blocks 134 limits the second block 125 of 132 rotation angle of forearm.Specifically, as shown in Fig. 2, in forearm 132 both sides are arranged symmetrically, and there are two the second limited blocks 134, and the second block is both provided in the upper end of large arm 122 and side wall 125.When forearm 132 is no rotary relative to large arm 122, on forearm 132 one of them second limited block 134 with it is big Second block 125 of 122 upper end of arm contacts, and prevention forearm 132 continues to rotate, after the second driving unit 131 experiences resistance, Stop the output of driving force;After forearm 132 rotates about 90 ° relative to large arm 122, another second limit on forearm 132 Block 134 is contacted with the second block 125 of 122 side wall of large arm, and prevention forearm 132 continues to rotate, the impression of the second driving unit 131 To after resistance, stop the output of driving force;To achieve the purpose that limit 122 rotation angle of large arm."upper" herein is only used for Compares figure 2 illustrates that "upper" herein is the "upper" in figure.Preferably, can be installed on the second block 125 contact-making switch or Close to switch etc., when contact-making switch or after close to switch senses to the second limited block 134, the control such as controller second can be passed through Driving unit 131 stops the output of driving force.By contact-making switch or close to switch the second driving unit 131 of control, reaction is fast Degree is fast, avoid the second driving unit 131 for a long time overload and caused by damage.It will be understood to those skilled in the art that connecing It touches switch or can also be mounted on the second limited block 134 close to switch.
The chambering process includes the following steps:
Step 1:The reaming cylinder removes the staving press;The liftout attachment rising heads into the reaming cylinder;It is described Blank is placed into the upper end of the reaming cylinder by loading and unloading manipulator;The liftout attachment decline makes the blank fall into the expansion In the cylinder of hole.
Specifically:The blank 7 of horizontal type is on from feeding platform 8 to clip claw mechanism 14, the 141 driving activity of third driving unit The movement of clamping jaw 143 clamps blank 7.First driving unit, 121 hydraulic oil cylinder driving large arm 122 rotates, and large arm 122 drives forearm machine Structure 13 and clip claw mechanism 14 are swung up 90 ° around the first articulated shaft 123 together.Second driving unit 131 drives forearm 132 to revolve Turn, forearm 132 drives clip claw mechanism 14, to 90 ° of lower swing, so that blank 7 is converted into vertical around the second articulated shaft 133.It is described at this time Reaming cylinder removes the staving press, and liftout tank 2 is in uppermost position in fig-ure.Clip claw mechanism 14 unclamps, and blank 7 is fallen on liftout tank 2, Liftout tank 2 declines blank 7 and is packed into reaming cylinder 4.
Step 2:The reaming cylinder moves into the staving press and completes reaming;
Step 3:The reaming cylinder removes the staving press again;The loading and unloading manipulator is placed into the reaming cylinder Upper end and decontrol the clip claw mechanism;The liftout attachment rises ejects the reaming cylinder by the blank for completing reaming;It is described Loading and unloading manipulator is grabbed by the blank for completing reaming.
Specifically:The reaming cylinder removes the staving press again, and clip claw mechanism 14 is on the 4 upper release of reaming cylinder, top Go out the rising of cylinder 2, vertical blank 7 is ejected from reaming cylinder 4 into clip claw mechanism 14,141 driving activity of third driving unit folder The movement of pawl 143 clamps blank 7.Second driving unit 131 drive forearm 132 rotate, forearm 132 drive clip claw mechanism 14 around Second articulated shaft 133 is swung up 90 °, and blank 7 is made to be converted into horizontal type.First driving unit, 121 hydraulic oil cylinder driving large arm 122 is revolved Turn, large arm 122 drives small arm mechanism 13 and clip claw mechanism 14 to reach charging for 90 ° to lower swing around the first articulated shaft 123 together Original position.Clip claw mechanism 14 unclamps at this time, and blank 7 is shifted onto entrance roller tables 5 by charging cylinder 3.Complete discharge process, charging & discharging machine Tool hand 1 waits for next blank 7.
Blank 7 is clamped by clip claw mechanism 14, drives the rotation of large arm 122 to make the forearm by the first driving unit 121 Mechanism 13 and clip claw mechanism 14 carry out loading and unloading with the entrance roller tables 5 or the cooperation of feeding platform 8;Pass through the second driving unit The 131 drivings rotation of forearm 132 is simultaneously turned to relative to the rotation direction of the large arm 122, makes the clip claw mechanism 14 and institute It states the cooperation of reaming cylinder 4 and carries out loading and unloading.Completing to transport blank 7 from entrance roller tables 5 also can be by blank 7 from perforation to reaming cylinder 4 Cylinder transports entrance roller tables 5, can smoothly complete complete loading and unloading work in fact, reduces since the vertical staving press of loading and unloading is shut down Time improves productivity.Since the reaming cylinder 4 of vertical staving press is vertical setting, the vertical loading reaming cylinder of blank 4 is needed In, and feeding platform 8 and entrance roller tables 5 are arranged for horizontal type, and 7 horizontal type of blank is needed to be packed into wherein, the second driving unit 131 drives institute It states the rotation of forearm 132 and is turned to relative to the rotation direction of the large arm 122, make blank 7 that horizontal, vertical conversion occur, complete vertical The cooperation of staving press and feeding platform 8 and entrance roller tables 5.Entire loading and unloading process is mechanical completion, alleviates labor intensity.It should The part of handling equipment is all in fixed seat 11, and compact-sized, the space occupied is small.
Above-mentioned described feature, structure or characteristic can be incorporated in one or more embodiment party in any suitable manner In formula, if possible, it is characterized in discussed in each embodiment interchangeable.In the following description, it provides many specific thin Section fully understands embodiments of the present invention to provide.It will be appreciated, however, by one skilled in the art that this can be put into practice The technical solution of invention is without one or more in the specific detail, or other methods, component, material may be used Material etc..In other cases, known features, material or operation are not shown in detail or describe to avoid each side of the fuzzy present invention Face.
The term of " about " " basic " is used to be generally represented within the 20% of a given value or range in this specification, preferably It is within 10%, and is more preferably within 5%.Given quantity is quantity about herein, implies that the feelings in not certain illustrated Under condition, " about " " about " " substantially " meaning of " general " can be still implied.
Although the term of relativity, such as "upper" "lower" is used to describe a component of icon for another in this specification The relativeness of one component, but these terms are in this manual merely for convenient, for example, with reference to the accompanying drawings described in show The direction of example.It is appreciated that, if making it turn upside down the device overturning of icon, the component described in "upper" will As in the component of "lower".When certain structure is in other structures "upper", it is possible to refer to that certain structural integrity is formed in other structures On, or refer to " direct " setting of certain structure in other structures, or refer to certain structure and be arranged in other knots by the way that another structure is " indirect " On structure.
In the claims, term " one ", "the" and " described " are indicating that there are one or more elements/composition portions Point/etc.;Term "comprising", " comprising " and " being equipped with " are indicating the open meaning being included and refer in addition to listing Element/component part/also may be present except waiting other element/component part/etc.;Term " first ", " second " and " Three " etc. only use as label, are not the quantity limitations to its object.
It should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited in its application to the detailed construction and arrangement of the component of this specification proposition Mode.The present invention can have other embodiment, and can realize and execute in many ways.Aforesaid deformation form and Modification is fallen within the scope of the present invention.It should be appreciated that this disclosure and the present invention of restriction extend in text And/or it is mentioned in attached drawing or all alternative combinations of two or more apparent independent features.It is all these different Combination constitutes multiple alternative aspects of the present invention.Embodiment described in this specification illustrates to become known for realizing the present invention Best mode, and will enable those skilled in the art using the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of broaching equipment, including a staving press and a feeding platform, the staving press has a reaming cylinder, in the feeding platform The blank of supply extends in a first direction, it is characterised in that:
The reaming cylinder is set to the staving press, and the reaming cylinder has job position and position of reloading, the reaming cylinder by Driving is moved between the job position and the position of reloading, and the reaming cylinder is in reload position feeding or the blanking, institute It states reaming cylinder to have a first end and a second end, the first end of the reaming cylinder can carry out feeding or blanking, the reaming cylinder First end receives the blank extended in a second direction, and the first direction intersects with the second direction;
The broaching equipment also has:
Liftout attachment, the corresponding second end positioned at the reaming cylinder can eject the material in the reaming cylinder to described first End carries out blanking or feeding;
Blank is supplied to the first end of the reaming cylinder by loading and unloading manipulator after the feeding platform conversion direction;
The loading and unloading manipulator also completes feeding or blanking, the loading and unloading manipulator packet with feeding platform and the cooperation of entrance roller tables It includes:
Large arm, it is hinged with a fixed seat;
Forearm, it is hinged with the large arm;
Clip claw mechanism is set to described forearm one end, for blank to be clamped;
First driving unit makes the forearm and clip claw mechanism coordinate with the feeding platform for driving the large arm to rotate It carries out feeding and with the entrance roller tables coordinates to carry out blanking;
Second driving unit, for driving the forearm to make the clip claw mechanism and the reaming cylinder relative to hinge point rotation Cooperation carries out loading and unloading, and the rotational plane of the forearm is vertical with the rotational plane of the large arm.
2. broaching equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The large arm and the fixed seat are hinged by the first articulated shaft;
The forearm and the large arm are hinged by the second articulated shaft;
First articulated shaft is vertical with second articulated shaft.
3. broaching equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clip claw mechanism includes:
Stationary jaw is fixed on described forearm one end;
The blank is clamped with stationary jaw cooperation in movable jaw;
Third driving unit, for driving the movable jaw to move.
4. broaching equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the clip claw mechanism also includes:
Adjusting block is set to the one side that the stationary jaw and the movable jaw are contacted with the blank, for adjusting the folder The openings of sizes of pawl mechanism.
5. broaching equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The first limited block is additionally provided in the large arm;
The first block is additionally provided in the fixed seat, first block limits the large arm with first limited block cooperation and revolves Gyration.
6. broaching equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
The second limited block is additionally provided on the forearm;
The second block is additionally provided in the large arm, second block limits the forearm with second limited block cooperation and rotates Angle.
7. broaching equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that
First block is equipped with switch, and the switch is for sensing whether the large arm is rotated in place;
Second block is equipped with switch, and the switch is for sensing whether the forearm is rotated in place.
8. broaching equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that
First driving unit is hinged in the fixed seat, and promote-side and the large arm of first driving unit are cut with scissors It connects;
Second driving unit is hinged in the large arm, and the promote-side of second driving unit and the forearm are hinged;
The third driving unit is hinged on the forearm, and promote-side and the movable jaw of the third driving unit are cut with scissors It connects.
9. a kind of chambering process of any broaching equipment of claim 1~8, which is characterized in that the chambering process packet Include following steps:
Step is removed, the reaming cylinder is driven to move to the position of reloading by the job position;
Eject step, the liftout attachment rising head into the reaming cylinder, rise to the first end close to the reaming cylinder;
Blanking step, the loading and unloading manipulator are placed into the first end of the reaming cylinder and decontrol the clip claw mechanism;It is described Loading and unloading manipulator is grabbed by the blank for completing reaming;
Blank is placed into the first end of the reaming cylinder by the feeding platform by feeding step, the loading and unloading manipulator;
Reset process is ejected, the liftout attachment decline makes the blank fall into the reaming cylinder;
Step is moved into, the reaming cylinder moves into the staving press and completes reaming.
CN201611251503.1A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Broaching equipment and chambering process Active CN106670301B (en)

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CN110508699B (en) * 2019-08-28 2021-03-19 卢英发 Hole expanding method based on pipe hole expanding equipment

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8496238B1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2013-07-30 T&T Engineering Services, Inc. Tubular gripping apparatus with locking mechanism
CN104759552A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-08 瑞智(青岛)精密机电有限公司 Compressor housing chambering station automatic loading machine
CN205222057U (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-11 吉林大学 Pneumatic cylinder cylinder expanding machine automatic feeding equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5852115B2 (en) * 2011-07-01 2016-02-03 株式会社中田製作所 Tube clamp device and water pressure tester

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8496238B1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2013-07-30 T&T Engineering Services, Inc. Tubular gripping apparatus with locking mechanism
CN104759552A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-08 瑞智(青岛)精密机电有限公司 Compressor housing chambering station automatic loading machine
CN205222057U (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-11 吉林大学 Pneumatic cylinder cylinder expanding machine automatic feeding equipment

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