CN106665442A - Shrimp farming method - Google Patents

Shrimp farming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106665442A
CN106665442A CN201611190454.5A CN201611190454A CN106665442A CN 106665442 A CN106665442 A CN 106665442A CN 201611190454 A CN201611190454 A CN 201611190454A CN 106665442 A CN106665442 A CN 106665442A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
prawn
cultural
gate
quadrant
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611190454.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王中宝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qinzhou Kanglyubao Agriculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qinzhou Kanglyubao Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qinzhou Kanglyubao Agriculture Co Ltd filed Critical Qinzhou Kanglyubao Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611190454.5A priority Critical patent/CN106665442A/en
Publication of CN106665442A publication Critical patent/CN106665442A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/54Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using organic material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/322Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a shrimp farming method. The method comprises the steps that an enclosed shrimp pond is built on the seaside, a second dike is arranged on the shrimp pond, the shrimp pond is divided into an A zone and a B zone, wherein the B zone is arranged on a place near the seaside, a first dike is arranged on the edge, the first dike is provided with a first water inlet, the second dike is provided with a second water inlet, the A zone is provided with a drainage exit and a third valve and a third filter net, the A zone is also provided with a blocking net, and the A zone is provided with a separating net, and the A zone is divided into a number of equal area compartments by the separating net. According to the breeding method, the A and B zones are provided, the farming zone is provided with the blocking net to prevent the blue crab from escaping in the farming process, the A zone is divided into compartments by the separating net which is favorable for the growth of the shrimp; the B zone is a purified water area, the amino acid chelate is adopted in the water purification to function as the sink pond role for chelate heavy metal, and an excellent environment is provided for shrimp farming.

Description

A kind of cultural method of prawn
Technical field
The present invention relates to culturing marine products field.It is more particularly related to a kind of cultural method of prawn.
Background technology
Prawn (scientific name:Scylla serrata) category Crustachia, Portumidae (decoy section).Like live in caves Nearshore Shallow Sea and river In silt bottom at mouthful, property is violent, carnivorous, staple food fishes and shrimps shellfish.Delicious meat, it is nutritious, have the work(of nourishing and fit keeping function concurrently Effect.The female crab that will be especially pregnant, can produce the cream of red or yellow in vivo, this to be called " cream crab " in southern china, There is the title of " marine ginseng ".Abound with warm shallow sea, be mainly distributed on Zhejiang Province, China, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and Taiwan ground The ground such as coastal in area, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces one is with outstanding more.Trophic analysis mud crab contains rich in protein and trace element, has very well to body Tonic effect.And now due to the pollution of environment, seawater pollution is also increasingly serious, especially heavy metal pollution, oil pollution, Cultivation to prawn threatens so that prawn in-vivo heavy metal content is cumulative too high, and oil pollution can then cause prawn dead.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve the above problems, and provide a kind of cultural method of the prawn of environmental protection.
The present invention provide technical scheme be:
A kind of cultural method of prawn, including:A shrimp pool for closing is set up by the sea, and the shrimp pool is provided with the second dike It is anti-, the shrimp pool is divided into two regions of A, B, the a-quadrant is culture zone, and the B regions are clean water area;Wherein B regions are arranged on By seashore, edge is provided with the first dyke, and first dyke is provided with the first water inlet, and first water inlet is provided with the first gate With the first filter screen, second dyke is provided with the second water inlet, and second water inlet is provided with the second gate and the second filter screen, institute State a-quadrant and be additionally provided with discharge outlet and the 3rd gate and the 3rd filter screen, anti-escape network, the a-quadrant are additionally provided with the a-quadrant Separate mesh is additionally provided with, a-quadrant homalographic is divided into some compartments by the separate mesh;Anti-escape network can be plastics, or nylon rope Fiber etc, or wire netting, are then fixed using detachable nail hook or other are detachably fixed mode;Filter screen and anti-escape Net is all to prevent mud crab from escaping.
Preferably, bottom water plane in a-quadrant sets lower 0.5-1 meters than b sections bottom horizontal planes.
Preferably, the mesh length and width of first filter screen, the second filter screen and the 3rd filter screen is respectively 0.5-1 centimetres;Institute The mesh length and width for stating separate mesh is less than 0.1 centimetre.
Preferably, the anti-escape network is detachable, is set after prawn is put in a suitable place to breed, and the mesh of anti-escape network is less than the prawn put in a suitable place to breed Size.
Preferably, the cultural method also carries out mud cleaning including prawn pool bottom, and cleaning depth is 15-30 centimetres, The prawn pool carries out disinfection again, by the second closing gate, the first gate is opened to introduce after seawater is full of B regions and shuts the first lock Door, then it is sprinkled into water ecology preparation 100ml/m3, stand 3-7 days;Second gate is opened, the water in B regions is introduced into A areas Behind domain, the second closing gate;Delivered in the compartment of a-quadrant and shrimp seedling is cultivated, the shrimp seedling that each compartment is delivered is consistent.
Preferably, the cultural method was additionally included in dispensing prawn after seedling, every two weeks the of opening a-quadrant discharge outlet Three gates carry out draining, then introduce treated seawater from B regions, carry out changing water;Wherein Seawater Treatment process is:By first Gate is opened to introduce after seawater is full of B regions and shuts the first gate, then is sprinkled into water ecology preparation 100ml/m3, stand 37 days; Water body does not circulate be unfavorable for that prawn grows for a long time, and change water to process is conducive to water circulation to purify, and substantially reduces a huge sum of money in water body The content of category, contributes to water body purification to provide a good breeding environment to prawn culturing, while having in bringing seawater Machine matter provides food to prawn.
Preferably, microalgae is delivered toward a-quadrant per two weeks during the cultural method also includes cultivation, injected volume is 1000000 frustule/ml seawater, so-called microalgae is one or more in watermifoil, hornwort, Chaetoceros, and microalgae can be purified Water body, moreover it is possible to suppress harmful bacteria growth, increase the oxygen content of water body, promotes prawn growth and can reduce heavy metal in prawn body Content.
Preferably, the dispensing microalgae time is to open a-quadrant discharge outlet every two weeks to carry out draining, then is introduced from B regions Can be delivered after treated seawater, to greatest extent using microalgae, be played a part of purifying water body.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
Cultural method setting A of the present invention, the regions of B two, a-quadrant is culture zone, and culture zone is provided with anti-escape network, is prevented in cultivation During mud crab escape, a-quadrant is also divided into compartment with separate mesh, be conducive to the growth of prawn, B regions are clean water area, water body Purification is played the heavy pool of chelating heavy metal and is acted on using chelating amino acids agent, and dissociate content of beary metal in reduction water body, subregion cultivation Heavy Metals in Waters pollution can be substantially reduced, a good breeding environment is provided to prawn culturing;Water body is not circulated not for a long time Beneficial to prawn growth, the present invention is also timed change water to process, and change water to process is conducive to water circulation to purify, substantially reduces water body The content of middle heavy metal, contributes to water body purification to provide a good breeding environment to prawn culturing, while seawater can be brought In organic matter give prawn provide food;In sum, the present invention can play a part of circularly purifying water body, can not only give prawn Cultivation provides a good breeding environment, shortens the culturing time of prawn, improves yield;The work of ecological protection can also be played With, there is provided a kind of prawn best in quality.
Further advantage of the invention, target and feature embody part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the shrimp pool of the present invention structure top view,
Fig. 2 is shrimp pool structure top view after present invention dismounting anti-escape network.
Specific embodiment
With reference to example below, the present invention is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification Word can be implemented according to this.
The present embodiment combination accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2 is illustrated, the cultural method of prawn, including:A closing is set up by the sea The shrimp pool 1, the shrimp pool 1 is provided with the second dyke 12, the shrimp pool is divided into two regions of A, B, and a-quadrant is culture zone, and the B regions are net Pool;Subregion cultivation is carried out, is increased water quality, there is provided good breeding environment, wherein B regions are arranged on by seashore, and edge is provided with First dyke 11, the first dyke 11 is provided with the first water inlet 13, and the first water inlet 13 is provided with the first gate 14 and the first filter screen 15, Filter screen catching rubbish and the larger marine organisms of volume when seawater is introduced are set, and the second dyke 12 is provided with the second water inlet 16, Second water inlet 16 is provided with the second gate 17 and the second filter screen 18, and a-quadrant is additionally provided with discharge outlet 19 and the 3rd gate 20 and Three filter screens 22, are additionally provided with anti-escape network 21 on a-quadrant, prevent mud crab from being escaped in breeding process, and a-quadrant is additionally provided with separate mesh 23, a-quadrant homalographic is divided into some compartments by separate mesh;Cultural method also carries out mud cleaning including prawn pool bottom, and cleaning is deep It is 20 centimetres to spend, then the prawn pool carries out disinfection, and by the second closing gate, the first gate is opened and introduces seawater full of behind B regions The first gate is shut, then is sprinkled into water ecology preparation 100ml/m3, stand 6 days;Second gate is opened, by the water in B regions After being introduced into a-quadrant, the second closing gate;Delivered in the compartment of a-quadrant and shrimp seedling is cultivated, the shrimp that each compartment is delivered Seedling is consistent;Wherein water ecology preparation is chelating amino acids agent;Prawn after seedling is delivered, a-quadrant discharge outlet was being opened every two weeks The 3rd gate carry out draining, after the completion of draining, shut the 3rd gate, then treated seawater is introduced from B regions, changed Water;Wherein Seawater Treatment process is:First gate is opened to introduce after seawater is full of B regions and shuts the first gate, then be sprinkled into water Body ecological agent 100ml/m3, stand 5 days;Water body does not circulate be unfavorable for that prawn grows for a long time, and change water to process is conducive to water body Circularly purifying, substantially reduces the content of Heavy Metals in Waters, contributes to water body purification to provide one to prawn culturing and good supports Environment is grown, while the organic matter in seawater can be brought to provide food to prawn;It is micro- toward a-quadrant dispensing per two weeks during cultivation Algae, injected volume is 1,000,000 frustule/ml seawater, and so-called microalgae is one or more in watermifoil, hornwort, Chaetoceros, Microalgae energy purifying water body, moreover it is possible to suppress harmful bacteria growth, reduce prawn in-vivo heavy metal content, deliver the microalgae time be every Opening within two weeks a-quadrant discharge outlet carries out draining, then can be delivered from after the treated seawater of B regions introduction, maximum limit Degree utilizes microalgae, plays a part of purifying water body.
Wherein, bottom water plane in a-quadrant sets lower than b sections bottom horizontal planes 1 meter, first filter screen, the second filter screen Mesh length and width with the 3rd filter screen is respectively 0.5 centimetre;The mesh length and width of the separate mesh be less than 0.1 centimetre, it is described anti- Escape net detachable, set after prawn is put in a suitable place to breed, the mesh of anti-escape network is less than the prawn size put in a suitable place to breed.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted to listed in specification and implementation method With, it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can be easily Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details and shown here as the embodiment with description.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cultural method of prawn, it is characterised in that including:A shrimp pool (1) for closing, the shrimp pool are set up by the sea (1) the second dyke (12) is provided with, the shrimp pool is divided into two regions of A, B, the a-quadrant is culture zone, and the B regions are water purification Area;Wherein B regions are arranged on by seashore, and edge is provided with the first dyke (11), and first dyke (11) is provided with the first water inlet (13), first water inlet (13) is provided with the first gate (14) and the first filter screen (15), and second dyke (12) is provided with Two water inlets (16), second water inlet (16) is provided with the second gate (17) and the second filter screen (18), and the a-quadrant is additionally provided with Discharge outlet (19) and the 3rd gate (20) and the 3rd filter screen (22), are additionally provided with anti-escape network (21), the A on the a-quadrant Region is additionally provided with separate mesh (23), and a-quadrant homalographic is divided into some compartments by the separate mesh.
2. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that a-quadrant bottom water plane is set than b regions bottom Portion's horizontal plane is low 0.5-1 meters.
3. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first filter screen, the second filter screen and the 3rd The mesh length and width of filter screen is respectively 0.5-1 centimetres;The mesh length and width of the separate mesh is less than 0.1 centimetre.
4. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the anti-escape network is detachable, is putting prawn in a suitable place to breed After set, the mesh of anti-escape network is less than the prawn size put in a suitable place to breed.
5. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultural method is also entered including prawn pool bottom Row mud is cleared up, and cleaning depth is 15-30 centimetres, then the prawn pool carries out disinfection, and the second closing gate opens the first gate Introduce after seawater is full of B regions and shut the first gate, then be sprinkled into water ecology preparation 100ml/m3, stand 3-7 days;By the second lock Door is opened, after the water in B regions is introduced into a-quadrant, the second closing gate;Delivered in the compartment of a-quadrant is carried out to shrimp seedling Cultivation, the shrimp seedling that each compartment is delivered is consistent.
6. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the cultural method is additionally included in dispensing prawn After seedling, the 3rd gate for opening a-quadrant discharge outlet every two weeks carries out draining, then introduces treated seawater from B regions, enters Row changes water;Wherein Seawater Treatment process is:First gate is opened to introduce after seawater is full of B regions and shuts the first gate, then spread Enter water ecology preparation 100ml/m3, stand 3-7 days.
7. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the cultural method is every during also including cultivation Two weeks delivers microalgae toward a-quadrant, and injected volume is 1,000,000 frustule/ml seawater, and so-called microalgae is watermifoil, hornwort, angle Hair algae in one or more.
8. the cultural method of prawn according to claim 7, it is characterised in that it is every two weeks opening A to deliver the microalgae time Area sewerage mouth carries out draining, then can be delivered from after the treated seawater of B regions introduction.
CN201611190454.5A 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Shrimp farming method Pending CN106665442A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611190454.5A CN106665442A (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Shrimp farming method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611190454.5A CN106665442A (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Shrimp farming method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107279010A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-24 钟春明 A kind of plant of cray
CN107360999A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-21 钟春明 A kind of cultural method of freshwater shrimp
CN107439441A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-12-08 钟春明 A kind of cultural method of cray
CN109526841A (en) * 2017-09-20 2019-03-29 贵港市瑞成科技有限公司 A kind of sea-farming feed coefficient
CN112493185A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 广东大麟洋海洋生物有限公司 Ecological breeding method for golden pomfret

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CN204232104U (en) * 2014-11-15 2015-04-01 山东潍坊龙威实业有限公司 A kind of smart shrimp-cultivation pool
CN205648733U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-10-19 湖北荣利生态农业有限公司 Take separating net's lobster aquaculture pond

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103404458A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 茂名市金阳热带海珍养殖有限公司 Biological regulation culture method for large prawns
CN104145863A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-19 姚茹 Ecological purifying method for oyster cultivation
CN204232104U (en) * 2014-11-15 2015-04-01 山东潍坊龙威实业有限公司 A kind of smart shrimp-cultivation pool
CN205648733U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-10-19 湖北荣利生态农业有限公司 Take separating net's lobster aquaculture pond

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107279010A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-24 钟春明 A kind of plant of cray
CN107360999A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-21 钟春明 A kind of cultural method of freshwater shrimp
CN107439441A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-12-08 钟春明 A kind of cultural method of cray
CN109526841A (en) * 2017-09-20 2019-03-29 贵港市瑞成科技有限公司 A kind of sea-farming feed coefficient
CN112493185A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 广东大麟洋海洋生物有限公司 Ecological breeding method for golden pomfret

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Application publication date: 20170517