CN106665267A - Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings - Google Patents

Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106665267A
CN106665267A CN201611056995.9A CN201611056995A CN106665267A CN 106665267 A CN106665267 A CN 106665267A CN 201611056995 A CN201611056995 A CN 201611056995A CN 106665267 A CN106665267 A CN 106665267A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
treatment
seedling
magnetic
plasma
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611056995.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈子亚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fuyang Jinmandi Ecological Agriculture Polytron Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
Fuyang Jinmandi Ecological Agriculture Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fuyang Jinmandi Ecological Agriculture Polytron Technologies Inc filed Critical Fuyang Jinmandi Ecological Agriculture Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority to CN201611056995.9A priority Critical patent/CN106665267A/en
Publication of CN106665267A publication Critical patent/CN106665267A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/02Cultivation of hops or vines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0299Handling or transporting of soil blocks or seedlings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N31/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic oxygen or sulfur compounds
    • A01N31/02Acyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids containing the group, wherein Cn means a carbon skeleton not containing a ring; Thio analogues thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/06Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with a carbocyclic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/14Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings
    • A01N43/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings with oxygen as the ring hetero atom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having one or more single bonds to nitrogen atoms
    • A01N47/28Ureas or thioureas containing the groups >N—CO—N< or >N—CS—N<
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/14Boron; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • A01N59/20Copper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/26Phosphorus; Compounds thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings. The method is characterized by comprising the steps of S1, selecting cutting seedlings, S2, conducting soaking treatment, S3, cutting seedlings, S4, conducting the management after cutting and S5 transplanting the seedlings. The cultivation method of the drought resistant grape cutting seedlings can substantially enhance the survival rate of grape cutting seedlings, and accelerate the growth. The cutting seedlings cultivated by using the method are strong in anti-drought property. The method is helpful to the sustainable development of the grape industry.

Description

A kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of planting, and in particular to a kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling.
Background technology
Fructus Vitis viniferae is one of common fruit in people's life, because its nutritive value is abundant, better economic benefit and it is extensive Plantation.Grapevine seedling has certain characters of drought resistance, can grow vigorously in moon rainfall 100mm, but as climatic environment is got over Come more severe, the continuous rising of Global Temperature causes Droughts constantly to occur, and have impact on the normal growth of Fructus Vitis viniferae.In order to protect The sustainable development of card Fructus Vitis viniferae industry, the drought-enduring performance for lifting Fructus Vitis viniferae is particularly important.
The content of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling, comprises the steps:
(1)Cutting is chosen:
1 year raw branch for growing full sturdy, eye, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified is chosen as skewer fringe, cutting is intercepted a length of 18-22cm, retains 2 ~ 3 sections, and the otch of skewer fringe lower end will be near section portion or axil portion, and distance is 0.2-0.4cm, its otch With sharp blade or razor, chamfer by 45° angle, imposed uniformity without examining individual cases disconnected to ensure that otch is smoothed, cutting is obtained after cutting standby;
(2)Immersion treatment:
By step(1)In the cutting bottom immersion treatment fluid of gained, it is 34 ~ 36 DEG C that heating keeps processing liquid temp, immersion treatment Take out after 15 ~ 20min standby;The treatment fluid by following percentage by weight material composition:0.004 ~ 0.006% copper sulfate, 0.005 ~ 0.007% zinc sulfate, 0.003 ~ 0.005% manganese sulfate, 0.008 ~ 0.01% ferrous sulfate, 0.01 ~ 0.013% boric acid, 0.004 ~ 0.006% sodium molybdate, 0.03 ~ 0.05% Polyethylene Glycol, 0.01 ~ 0.02% carbamide, 0.006 ~ 0.009% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.04 ~ 0.07% glucose, 0.03 ~ 0.06% oligochitosan, 0.03 ~ 0.04% gibberellins, 0.01 ~ 0.03% heteroauxing, 0.004 ~ 0.006% diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 0.2 ~ 0.5% sucrose, 0.1 ~ 0.2% methylcellulose, balance of water;
(3)Cuttings cuttage:
By step(2)Cutting oblique cutting after process keeps the eye of cutting on the upside of branch on cutting propagation bed, inserts during cuttage Fringe is 30 ~ 40 ° with the inclination angle of vertical direction;
(4)Manage after cuttage:
A. grow before 2 ~ 3 true leaves to cutting seedling after cuttings cuttage, magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out to cutting, it is described Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment refers to that first carrying out magnetic field to cutting with magnetic field processing instrument processes 4 ~ 5h, after 1 ~ 1.5h of interval, then Plasma resonance is carried out to cutting with plasma treatment instrument and processes 2 ~ 3h, the intensity that wherein magnetic field is processed is 2000 ~ 2500Gs, The dosage of plasma resonance is 100 ~ 130Gy, and Primary field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out every three days;
B. grow during 2 ~ 3 true leaf to cutting seedling grow up to a height of 33 ~ 35cm seedlings in cutting seedling, every 6 ~ 8 days to cutting seedling Apply a ultrasonic Treatment, the ultrasonic Treatment refers to that the ultrasound wave with frequency for 56 ~ 59kHz carries out ultrasound to cutting seedling Process, when a length of 8 ~ 10h per treatment;
(5)Into transplantation of seedlings:
When cutting seedling grows up to the seedling of a height of 33 ~ 35cm, nursery is completed, then can be carried out after the hardening treatment of 5 ~ 6 days Transplant operation.
Further, step(4)Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment described in operation a is carried out every morning 8.00.
Further, step(4)Ultrasonic Treatment described in operation b is carried out every morning 7.00.
The present invention has the advantages that:
The present invention changes traditional cuttage mode, and special process has been carried out during cuttage, and treatment fluid is used before cuttage Immersion, enhances well the vigor of cutting root, the overall activity of cutting is improve, it is ensured that root survival, in cuttage Afterwards to growing before 2 ~ 3 true leaves, the magnetic field for carrying out-plasma alternate treatment can be modified well to cutting seedling overall permanence Improve and process, development and the vigor of its root system can be strengthened, improve its absorbability and the adaptability to adverse circumstances, magnetic field and wait The applying of ion has good synergy, and the ultrasonic Treatment for carrying out at later stages is conducive to cutting seedling overall permanence Maintain and lifted, accelerate its speed of growth, further improve its resistance such as drought-enduring.The inventive method can well improve Fructus Vitis viniferae skewer Slotting survival rate, accelerates its speed of growth, and the cutting seedling drought tolerance educated is strong, beneficial to the sustainable development of Fructus Vitis viniferae industry.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling, comprises the steps:
(1)Cutting is chosen:
1 year raw branch for growing full sturdy, eye, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified is chosen as skewer fringe, cutting is intercepted a length of 18-20cm, retains 2 ~ 3 sections, and the otch of skewer fringe lower end will be near section portion or axil portion, and distance is 0.2-0.4cm, its otch With sharp blade or razor, chamfer by 45° angle, imposed uniformity without examining individual cases disconnected to ensure that otch is smoothed, cutting is obtained after cutting standby;
(2)Immersion treatment:
By step(1)In the cutting bottom immersion treatment fluid of gained, it is 34 DEG C that heating keeps processing liquid temp, immersion treatment Take out after 15min standby;The treatment fluid by following percentage by weight material composition:0.004% copper sulfate, 0.005% sulphuric acid Zinc, 0.003% manganese sulfate, 0.008% ferrous sulfate, 0.01% boric acid, 0.004% sodium molybdate, 0.03% Polyethylene Glycol, 0.01% urine Element, 0.006% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.04% glucose, 0.03% oligochitosan, 0.03% gibberellins, 0.01% heteroauxing, 0.004% Diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 0.2% sucrose, 0.1% methylcellulose, balance of water;
(3)Cuttings cuttage:
By step(2)Cutting oblique cutting after process keeps the eye of cutting on the upside of branch on cutting propagation bed, inserts during cuttage Fringe is 30 ~ 40 ° with the inclination angle of vertical direction;
(4)Manage after cuttage:
A. grow before 2 ~ 3 true leaves to cutting seedling after cuttings cuttage, magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out to cutting, it is described Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment refer to first cutting is carried out with magnetic field processing instrument magnetic field process 4h, interval 1h after, then with etc. from Subprocessing instrument cutting is carried out plasma resonance process 2h, wherein magnetic field process intensity be 2000Gs, plasma resonance Dosage be 100Gy, Primary field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out every three days;
B. grow during 2 ~ 3 true leaf to cutting seedling grow up to a height of 33 ~ 35cm seedlings in cutting seedling, cutting seedling is applied every 6 days Plus a ultrasonic Treatment, the ultrasonic Treatment to refer to and carry out supersound process to cutting seedling with the ultrasound wave that frequency is 56kHz, When a length of 8h per treatment;
(5)Into transplantation of seedlings:
When cutting seedling grows up to the seedling of a height of 33 ~ 35cm, nursery is completed, then can be carried out after the hardening treatment of 5 ~ 6 days Transplant operation.
Further, step(4)Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment described in operation a is carried out every morning 8.00.
Further, step(4)Ultrasonic Treatment described in operation b is carried out every morning 7.00.
Embodiment 2
A kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling, comprises the steps:
(1)Cutting is chosen:
1 year raw branch for growing full sturdy, eye, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified is chosen as skewer fringe, cutting is intercepted a length of 18-22cm, retains 2 ~ 3 sections, and the otch of skewer fringe lower end will be near section portion or axil portion, and distance is 0.2-0.4cm, its otch With sharp blade or razor, chamfer by 45° angle, imposed uniformity without examining individual cases disconnected to ensure that otch is smoothed, cutting is obtained after cutting standby;
(2)Immersion treatment:
By step(1)In the cutting bottom immersion treatment fluid of gained, it is 36 DEG C that heating keeps processing liquid temp, immersion treatment Take out after 20min standby;The treatment fluid by following percentage by weight material composition:0.006% copper sulfate, 0.007% sulphuric acid Zinc, 0.005% manganese sulfate, 0.01% ferrous sulfate, 0.013% boric acid, 0.006% sodium molybdate, 0.05% Polyethylene Glycol, 0.02% urine Element, 0.009% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.07% glucose, 0.06% oligochitosan, 0.04% gibberellins, 0.03% heteroauxing, 0.006% Diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 0.5% sucrose, 0.2% methylcellulose, balance of water;
(3)Cuttings cuttage:
By step(2)Cutting oblique cutting after process keeps the eye of cutting on the upside of branch on cutting propagation bed, inserts during cuttage Fringe is 30 ~ 40 ° with the inclination angle of vertical direction;
(4)Manage after cuttage:
A. grow before 2 ~ 3 true leaves to cutting seedling after cuttings cuttage, magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out to cutting, it is described Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment refer to first cutting is carried out with magnetic field processing instrument magnetic field process 5h, interval 1.5h after, then with etc. Ion processing instrument cutting is carried out plasma resonance process 3h, wherein magnetic field process intensity be 2500Gs, plasma spoke The dosage penetrated is 130Gy, and Primary field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out every three days;
B. grow during 2 ~ 3 true leaf to cutting seedling grow up to a height of 33 ~ 35cm seedlings in cutting seedling, cutting seedling is applied every 8 days Plus a ultrasonic Treatment, the ultrasonic Treatment to refer to and carry out supersound process to cutting seedling with the ultrasound wave that frequency is 59kHz, When a length of 10h per treatment;
(5)Into transplantation of seedlings:
When cutting seedling grows up to the seedling of a height of 33 ~ 35cm, nursery is completed, then can be carried out after the hardening treatment of 5 ~ 6 days Transplant operation.
Further, step(4)Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment described in operation a is carried out every morning 8.00.
Further, step(4)Ultrasonic Treatment described in operation b is carried out every morning 7.00.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example 1 compared with Example 1, in step(4)In the operation a managed after cuttage, magnetic field process is not carried out, used Plasma treatment Deng duration replaces, method and step all same in addition.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example 2 compared with Example 1, in step(4)In the operation a managed after cuttage, plasma treatment is not carried out, Replaced with waiting magnetic field of duration to process, method and step all same in addition.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example 3 compared with Example 2, saves step(4)The operation b managed after cuttage, method and step in addition All same.
Matched group
Existing conventional Fructus Vitis viniferae cottage method.
In order to contrast effect of the present invention, the Fructus Vitis viniferae of " Rose bella Reid " kind is chosen as experimental subject, with inserting with a collection of Fructus Vitis viniferae Fringe, carries out cutting propagation with above-mentioned six kinds of methods respectively, educate after seedling, then be transplanted in dry land, observe its it is drought-enduring into Motility rate, table 1 below is corresponding correction data:
Table 1
Cuttage survival rate(%) Drought-enduring survival rate(%)
Embodiment 1 99.1 90.5
Embodiment 2 99.4 91.2
Comparative example 1 95.2 76.5
Comparative example 2 94.9 77.4
Comparative example 3 96.4 81.5
Matched group 90.6 66.3
Note:Cuttage survival rate described in upper table 1 refer to cutting start to seedling from cuttage during survival rate;It is described it is drought-enduring into Motility rate refer to by seedling be transplanted into moon rainfall be 30 ~ 40mm experimental plot in, carry out identical management, count its transplanting after two Survival rate in individual month.
The survival rate of cuttage can be effectively improved by can be seen that the inventive method in upper table 1, strengthening the drought tolerance of cutting seedling Can, there is good promotional value.
The root system of Seedling is bred as to embodiment 2 and matched group carries out detection discovery, superoxide dismutase in the former root system, Soluble sugar, soluble protein content are significantly improved compared with the latter, are one of the reason for its drought tolerance are lifted.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1)Cutting is chosen:
1 year raw branch for growing full sturdy, eye, no disease and pests harm, semi-lignified is chosen as skewer fringe, cutting is intercepted a length of 18-22cm, retains 2 ~ 3 sections, and the otch of skewer fringe lower end will be near section portion or axil portion, and distance is 0.2-0.4cm, its otch With sharp blade or razor, chamfer by 45° angle, imposed uniformity without examining individual cases disconnected to ensure that otch is smoothed, cutting is obtained after cutting standby;
(2)Immersion treatment:
By step(1)In the cutting bottom immersion treatment fluid of gained, it is 34 ~ 36 DEG C that heating keeps processing liquid temp, immersion treatment Take out after 15 ~ 20min standby;The treatment fluid by following percentage by weight material composition:0.004 ~ 0.006% copper sulfate, 0.005 ~ 0.007% zinc sulfate, 0.003 ~ 0.005% manganese sulfate, 0.008 ~ 0.01% ferrous sulfate, 0.01 ~ 0.013% boric acid, 0.004 ~ 0.006% sodium molybdate, 0.03 ~ 0.05% Polyethylene Glycol, 0.01 ~ 0.02% carbamide, 0.006 ~ 0.009% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.04 ~ 0.07% glucose, 0.03 ~ 0.06% oligochitosan, 0.03 ~ 0.04% gibberellins, 0.01 ~ 0.03% heteroauxing, 0.004 ~ 0.006% diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate, 0.2 ~ 0.5% sucrose, 0.1 ~ 0.2% methylcellulose, balance of water;
(3)Cuttings cuttage:
By step(2)Cutting oblique cutting after process keeps the eye of cutting on the upside of branch on cutting propagation bed, inserts during cuttage Fringe is 30 ~ 40 ° with the inclination angle of vertical direction;
(4)Manage after cuttage:
A. grow before 2 ~ 3 true leaves to cutting seedling after cuttings cuttage, magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out to cutting, it is described Magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment refers to that first carrying out magnetic field to cutting with magnetic field processing instrument processes 4 ~ 5h, after 1 ~ 1.5h of interval, then Plasma resonance is carried out to cutting with plasma treatment instrument and processes 2 ~ 3h, the intensity that wherein magnetic field is processed is 2000 ~ 2500Gs, The dosage of plasma resonance is 100 ~ 130Gy, and Primary field-plasma alternate treatment is carried out every three days;
B. grow during 2 ~ 3 true leaf to cutting seedling grow up to a height of 33 ~ 35cm seedlings in cutting seedling, every 6 ~ 8 days to cutting seedling Apply a ultrasonic Treatment, the ultrasonic Treatment refers to that the ultrasound wave with frequency for 56 ~ 59kHz carries out ultrasound to cutting seedling Process, when a length of 8 ~ 10h per treatment;
(5)Into transplantation of seedlings:
When cutting seedling grows up to the seedling of a height of 33 ~ 35cm, nursery is completed, then can be carried out after the hardening treatment of 5 ~ 6 days Transplant operation.
2. a kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Operation a Described in magnetic field-plasma alternate treatment carry out every morning 8.00.
3. a kind of breeding method of drought-enduring Fructus Vitis viniferae cutting seedling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(4)Operation b Described in ultrasonic Treatment carry out every morning 7.00.
CN201611056995.9A 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings Pending CN106665267A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611056995.9A CN106665267A (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611056995.9A CN106665267A (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106665267A true CN106665267A (en) 2017-05-17

Family

ID=58866743

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611056995.9A Pending CN106665267A (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Cultivation method of drought resistant grape cutting seedlings

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106665267A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718516A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-31 防城港市林木良种繁育中心苗圃 A kind of method for promoting the germination of cuttage Chinese fir
CN107182497A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-22 蚌埠王恒亮盆景艺术有限公司 A kind of breeding method of crape myrtle potted landscape
CN107306749A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-03 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the grape planting process of pulp quality
CN107318579A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 松桃苗族自治县继梅养殖专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of grape
CN107494284A (en) * 2017-10-16 2017-12-22 广东德康农业科技有限公司 A kind of seed selection of fleece-flower root and cultural method
CN107926446A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of breeding method of canarium pimela cuttage seeding
CN107950216A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-24 安庆市枞阳县阳和苗圃 A kind of breeding method of grape cuttage seeding
CN109105139A (en) * 2018-07-28 2019-01-01 贵州金州农耕生态农业股份有限公司 A kind of grape cuttage and seedling culture method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101743829A (en) * 2009-12-08 2010-06-23 山西省农业生物技术研究中心 Method for improving cuttage rooting and survival rate of shrub woody plant with ultrasonic treatment
CN102612958A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 常熟市佳盛农业科技发展有限公司 Method for preventing honeysuckle powdery mildew
CN104054428A (en) * 2013-03-21 2014-09-24 姚明勤 Method for culturing selenium enriched soybean, purple potato and red ginger by breeding superpower mutagenesis device
CN104285756A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-21 广西壮族自治区金秀瑶族自治县科学技术情报研究所 Wild grape cuttage seedling culturing method
CN104521539A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-22 安徽农业大学 Gold leaf acer negundo twig cutting seedling method
CN104686183A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-10 戈静 Efficient elderberry cultivation method
CN204888164U (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 凤阳金小岗农林科技产业发展有限公司 Blueberry cuttage seedbed
CN105900829A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-31 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 Rapid breeding method of Eucapyptus urophylla + E. tereticornis artificial hydrids based on ion implantation
CN106069496A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 普定县持恒林业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Yew cuttage method for culturing seedlings

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101743829A (en) * 2009-12-08 2010-06-23 山西省农业生物技术研究中心 Method for improving cuttage rooting and survival rate of shrub woody plant with ultrasonic treatment
CN102612958A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 常熟市佳盛农业科技发展有限公司 Method for preventing honeysuckle powdery mildew
CN104054428A (en) * 2013-03-21 2014-09-24 姚明勤 Method for culturing selenium enriched soybean, purple potato and red ginger by breeding superpower mutagenesis device
CN104285756A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-21 广西壮族自治区金秀瑶族自治县科学技术情报研究所 Wild grape cuttage seedling culturing method
CN104521539A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-22 安徽农业大学 Gold leaf acer negundo twig cutting seedling method
CN104686183A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-10 戈静 Efficient elderberry cultivation method
CN204888164U (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 凤阳金小岗农林科技产业发展有限公司 Blueberry cuttage seedbed
CN105900829A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-31 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 Rapid breeding method of Eucapyptus urophylla + E. tereticornis artificial hydrids based on ion implantation
CN106069496A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 普定县持恒林业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Yew cuttage method for culturing seedlings

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张红梅等: "超声波、生长素和浸泡时长对毛白杨插穗生根率的影响", 《山西农业科学》 *
张语迟等: "等离子体光辐射-磁场综合作用处理种子对人参中皂苷含量的影响", 《应用化学》 *

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718516A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-31 防城港市林木良种繁育中心苗圃 A kind of method for promoting the germination of cuttage Chinese fir
CN107182497A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-22 蚌埠王恒亮盆景艺术有限公司 A kind of breeding method of crape myrtle potted landscape
CN107318579A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 松桃苗族自治县继梅养殖专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of grape
CN107306749A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-03 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the grape planting process of pulp quality
CN107494284A (en) * 2017-10-16 2017-12-22 广东德康农业科技有限公司 A kind of seed selection of fleece-flower root and cultural method
CN107494284B (en) * 2017-10-16 2019-01-29 广东德康农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding of the fleece-flower root and cultural method
CN107926446A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of breeding method of canarium pimela cuttage seeding
CN107950216A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-24 安庆市枞阳县阳和苗圃 A kind of breeding method of grape cuttage seeding
CN109105139A (en) * 2018-07-28 2019-01-01 贵州金州农耕生态农业股份有限公司 A kind of grape cuttage and seedling culture method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102668858B (en) Seedling cultivating method for cutting hard woods of acer palmatum
CN103651121B (en) A kind of bletilla differentiation, strong seedling culture base
CN102612971B (en) Rose cutting propagation method
CN103168581B (en) Taxus chinensis vegetative propagation rapidly rooting method
CN100367843C (en) Walnut twig cutting propagation technology
Akdemir et al. Micropropagation of the pistachio and its rootstocks by temporary immersion system
CN103843662B (en) A kind of promote Herba Dendrobii tissue cultured seedling strong sprout and the method taken root
CN103688751B (en) The wooden method making Armillaria mellea of the section of utilization
CN104365461B (en) A kind of tea grounds earthworm excrement matrix being applicable to leaf vegetables nursery and preparation method thereof
CN101953290B (en) Pear tree water culturing method
CN101953274B (en) Method for performing high position grafting on grapes by using multiresistant rootstocks
CN103931473B (en) A kind of method spending the efficient Fast-propagation of tomonea in vain
CN102172219B (en) Method for carrying out test tube grafting and rejuvenization on paulownia fortunei select tree
CN105474959B (en) Masson pine tissue-cultured seedling spray single-node cutting seed-raising method
CN103651122B (en) A kind of bletilla protocorm induction medium
Brondani et al. Low temperature, IBA concentrations and optimal time for adventitious rooting of Eucalyptus benthamii mini-cuttings
CN103931492A (en) Tissue-culture rapid seedling growing method for apple rootstock M9
CN100571503C (en) A kind of elaeagnus mollis asexual reproduction method
CN103703993B (en) A kind of method of peach bud seedling graft seedling growth
CN105248154B (en) Queensland nut propagation method
CN101473743A (en) Cuttage and seedling culture method without transplantation
CN107125092A (en) A kind of method of raising knob loquat survival rate
CN104855212A (en) Seeding-cultivating method of albizzia with cuttage
CN102648698B (en) Pyrus stem tip tissue culture rapid propagation method
CN104823666A (en) Cutting propagation method of tea-oil trees

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170517