CN106661881A - Safety-enhanced pc truss wall structure, and underground-structure construction method using same - Google Patents

Safety-enhanced pc truss wall structure, and underground-structure construction method using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106661881A
CN106661881A CN201680002217.3A CN201680002217A CN106661881A CN 106661881 A CN106661881 A CN 106661881A CN 201680002217 A CN201680002217 A CN 201680002217A CN 106661881 A CN106661881 A CN 106661881A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
precast concrete
panel
truss
mentioned
thing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201680002217.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐亨錫
申润燮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Thai Surplus Corp
Samsung Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Thai Surplus Corp
Samsung Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to KR10-2015-0019710 priority Critical
Priority to KR20150019710 priority
Priority to KR1020150072105A priority patent/KR101630235B1/en
Priority to KR10-2015-0072105 priority
Application filed by Thai Surplus Corp, Samsung Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Thai Surplus Corp
Priority to PCT/KR2016/000817 priority patent/WO2016129826A1/en
Publication of CN106661881A publication Critical patent/CN106661881A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=56192019&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN106661881(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars
    • E04B1/0015Cellars constructed from prefabricated units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8611Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers being embedded in at least one form leaf
    • E04B2/8617Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers being embedded in at least one form leaf with spacers being embedded in both form leaves
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2103/00Material constitution of slabs, sheets or the like
    • E04B2103/02Material constitution of slabs, sheets or the like of ceramics, concrete or other stone-like material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The present invention relates to a PC truss wall structure and to a construction method for same. More specifically, the present invention relates to: a safety-enhanced PC truss wall structure whereby construction quality can be substantially improved despite construction being easy because the invention is installed as one body and safety is greatly enhanced so as to negate the risk of safety incidents during construction, by using a truss linking material to interlink a tensioning PC panel and a compressing PC panel, which are erected while facing each other and are assembled so as to form in the centre thereof a space for on-site concrete casting, such that same behave integrally and are installed after having been transported and moved as one body; and an underground-structure construction method using the safety-enhanced PC truss wall structure. According to the present invention, the safety-enhanced PC truss wall structure and the underground-structure construction method using same are advantageous in that safety is substantially enhanced without any risk of property damage or accidents causing injury or death during the construction process, because the truss linking material is used to interlink the tensioning PC panel and the compressing PC panel, which are erected while facing each other and are assembled so as to form in the centre thereof the space for on-site concrete casting, such that same behave integrally and are installed after having been transported and moved as one body, rather than being installed subsequent to each having been separately manufactured and moved. Also, the present invention is advantageous in that construction quality can be substantially improved despite the assembly and installation processes being very straightforward, because the tensioning PC panel and the compressing PC panel behave integrally due to the truss linking material, and are moved and installed as one body. Also, the present invention has the advantage that there is no need for any separate building materials during installation, because the truss linking material is used to interlink the tensioning PC panel and the compressing PC panel, which are erected while facing each other and are assembled so as to form in the centre thereof a space for on-site concrete casting, such that same behave integrally and can adequately withstand external forces as well as wind loads and impact loads during transport, during erection, during upper-member placement and during simultaneous wall and slab casting, and, in addition, the foundations and a PC wall according to the present invention are linked by a lower metal member.

Description

Precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and the ground using it that security is strengthened Lower works construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and its construction method, in more detail, are related to following peace Precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and the underground structure construction method using it that full property is strengthened, i.e. make with phase To mode is upright and stretching that assembled in the way of being formed for the spatial portion for pouring into a mould on-site concrete in central portion is with prefabricated Concrete panel and compression precast concrete wall panel are connected with each other by truss connecting material, thus with integral type movement, and Carried with " 1 " font, moved and arranged, thus, in the way of it there are no safety hazards during being constructed very Big degree strengthening stability, because " 1 " font is configured, therefore, construction is simple, can largely improve construction quality.I.e., originally Invention is related to the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security is strengthened having the advantage that and the underground using it Works construction method, makes so that opposite mode is upright and spatial portion to be formed in central portion for pouring into a mould on-site concrete The stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression precast concrete wall panel that mode is assembled is connected with each other by truss connecting material, Thus with integral type movement, so as to, can fully bear when being carried, uprightly, place upper member, while pouring body of wall and plate External force, wind load and impact weight during note concrete, and then, due to passing through between precast concrete wall of the invention and basis Lower metal device is connected, thus when set, without the need for extra interim mounting material.
Background technology
Generally, sewage farm, underground parking, rainwater accumulator tank etc. are embedded in the Large Copacity and large space of subterranean layer Various underground structures basis of formation typically after completing to excavate, and passing through reinforced concrete construction method in base using model Formed after outer wall with on-site concrete on plinth, place precast slab again in above-mentioned outer wall upper end or cast-in-site is mixed Concrete board is simultaneously constructed.
But, in the construction method based on the wall body structure thing of above-mentioned reinforced concrete construction method, in order to form body of wall And model is must be provided with, and can only be after it just can carry out to cast-in-place concrete in above-mentioned model and after making concrete hardening Continuous operation, therefore there is a problem of that the duration is extended, and then, the trouble for needing model to be set one by one and is removed is not only existed, and And, there is security incident again and again because model bursts during there is cast on-site precast concrete.
In order to solve the problems, such as based on the wall body structure thing of conventional reinforced concrete construction method, as shown in figure 1, in Korea Disclose in granted patent the 10-1001208th to being constructed using the wall body structure thing of sandwich pre-cast concrete walling Method.
In above-mentioned conventional engineering method, basis upper side formed outer wall uprightly with groove after, in the top of above-mentioned groove, The first precast concrete wall panel and the second precast concrete wall panel as multiple plates are made respectively with opposite across predetermined distance Mode it is upright after, to the spatial portion cast on-site concrete between two opposite above-mentioned plates come being integrally formed with plate shape Mode form precast concrete wall.
But, in above-mentioned conventional engineering method, in factory the first precast concrete wall panel and second pre- is each individually produced After concrete panel processed, job site is transported to respectively and is configured, backward central space portion cast scene it is mixed Solidifying soil, therefore, each precast concrete wall panel is only individually moved, and existing cannot present the synthetic effect as integral type body of wall Shortcoming, and then, each precast concrete wall panel for being formed stands upright on long narrow straight temporarily in the way of alongst growing Vertical groove, accordingly, there exist and be possible to cause seriously asking for security incident because overturning (overturning) in work progress Topic.
Also, in conventional engineering method, mix in order to the first precast concrete wall panel and second that prevent stand-alone are prefabricated Solidifying cob wall plate is separated from each other laterally, after it necessarily be formed through hole, is attached by arranging form tie, therefore, During to central portion cast on-site concrete, there is a problem of that form tie is damaged, also still occur from being formed at The problem of the through hole leak of side plate.
Therefore, in terms of the body of wall to underground structure as above is constructed, still it is necessary to work out new Precast concrete wall works is required as follows to meet, i.e. problem present in conventional technology can be solved, not exist The security when mode that the hidden danger of security incident or property loss occurs strengthens construction, Stability Analysis of Structures, can obvious reduction of erection time, And then can largely improve construction quality.
The content of the invention
The present invention is used to solve problem as above, it is an object of the present invention to provide following security is obtained by force The precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and the underground structure construction method using it of change, i.e. upright in opposite mode And assemble ground for forming sewage treatment plant etc. in the way of being formed for the spatial portion for pouring into a mould on-site concrete in central portion The Large Copacity of lower works, the stretching precast concrete wall panel of big specification body of wall and compression precast concrete wall panel, now Above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression precast concrete wall panel are connected with each other by truss connecting material, thus with Integral type is moved, so as to, can fully bear when being carried, uprightly, place upper member, while to body of wall and plate cast coagulation External force, wind load and impact weight when native, and then, due to above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression precast concrete It is connected and is configured by lower metal device between wallboard and basis, thus without the need for extra interim mounting material, because With the carrying of " 1 " font, mobile and setting, thus, there are no fatal safety hazards during being constructed Mode largely enhanced safety, because being configured with " 1 " font, therefore, construction is simple, can largely improve construction matter Amount.
To achieve these goals, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, what present invention offer security was strengthened is pre- Concrete truss wall body structure thing processed, multiple precast concrete wall panels are with upright, the Xiang that separates predetermined distance and opposite mode The spatial portion cast on-site concrete of the size separated by a distance that the central portion of precast concrete wall panel is formed, is consequently formed such as dirt The precast concrete wall works of the wall body structure thing of the underground structure of Large Water Treatment Field, it is characterised in that above-mentioned prefabricated mixed Solidifying cob wall body works includes:Multiple stretching precast concrete wall panels 10, from upright to vertical direction on base concrete And the precast concrete wall panel of the rectangular plate-like with specific thickness is formed, multiple pre-cast concrete wallings are fitly continuously set Plate;And it is multiple compression use precast concrete wall panels 20, to separate predetermined distance in the way of be arranged at and it is above-mentioned it is multiple stretching use The corresponding position of precast concrete wall panel, from base concrete to vertical direction uprightly and have specific thickness rectangle The precast concrete wall panel of tabular is formed, and multiple precast concrete wall panels is fitly continuously arranged, by truss connecting material 30 It is connected with each other and separates the above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 of predetermined distance to make , with integral type movement, above-mentioned truss connects material for above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 Material 30 includes:First vertical track 31a, is embedded in the inside of stretching precast concrete wall panel 10;Second vertical track 31b, It is embedded in the inside of compression precast concrete wall panel 20;Multiple horizontal materials 32, hang down along horizontal direction connection above-mentioned first Straight rail 31a, the second vertical track 31b, make above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20, with integral type movement, are vertically arranged at predetermined intervals;And it is multiple inclination materials 33, multiple horizontal materials 32 it Between along incline direction connection disperseing to above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 The heavy burden of applying, in above-mentioned precast concrete wall panel 10,20 multiple truss connecting materials are respectively arranged with, when carrying, lift and During upright precast concrete wall works, the side end and adjacent purlin in the horizontal material of an above-mentioned truss connecting material The end side of the horizontal material of frame connecting material is added and forms section connecting material, can be made because of the external force of length direction The horizontal displacement for causing is minimized.
Another embodiment of the invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned horizontal material or inclining material and the Add between one vertical track, the second vertical track and the first connecting material 35a, the second connecting material 35b are set, so that when above-mentioned Horizontal material inclines the area maximum that material is engaged with above-mentioned first vertical track, the second vertical track when being connected with each other Change.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 Highly it is more than the height of compression precast concrete wall panel 20, to form the wall body structure of the underground structure such as sewage farm Exterior wall in thing.
A further embodiment of the invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 upside free end on add setting and lift with plate 36, with can with lift hawser phase Connection, is arranged at lifting on the upside free end of above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20 and performs prefabricated mixing with plate is additional The effect of concrete board stop section.
A further embodiment of the invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel Precast slab is placed on 20 upside free end, to the central space portion between two precast concrete wall panels and above-mentioned Pour into a mould on-site concrete on precast slab simultaneously.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 The highly identical of precast concrete wall panel 20 is used in height and compression, to form the body of wall knot of the underground structure such as sewage farm Inner wall in structure thing.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 Lift with plate 36, can be connected with hawser is lifted with setting is added on the upside free end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20 Connect, above-mentioned lifting adds the effect for performing precast slab stop section with plate.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 And precast slab is placed on the upside free end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20, to two precast concrete wall panels Between central space portion and above-mentioned precast slab on pour into a mould on-site concrete simultaneously.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that above-mentioned stretching is with the He of precast concrete wall panel 10 The downside end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20 is anchored on basic courses department by the bottom connection bolt of metal device 50, supporting Wind load resistance or impact weight.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 The girder truss for being provided for that front end reinforcement is carried out to body of wall is added with the opposite inside face of precast concrete wall panel 20 with compression.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is provided and tied using the underground of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing Structure thing construction method, it is characterised in that the underground structure construction method of above-mentioned utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure thing Including:Step (a), pours into a mould blinding concrete;Step (b), mark precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, wall steel bar, under Portion anchors the position with reinforcement foundation interference portion;Step (c), is entered in the way of the portion of avoiding interference to reinforcement foundation, wall steel bar Row arrangement of reinforcement, and seal plate is set in construction connecting portion;Step (d), pours into a mould base concrete and carries out health;Step (e), mark Precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, lower anchor, the position of post;Step (f), enters after eleven punch 11 to lower anchor, makes Above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing presses " 1 " font along vertical direction uprightly and to set location with one with integral type Body formula is moved, and precast concrete truss wall body structure thing is arranged afterwards;Step (g), metal device is connected come bolt using bottom Connection lower anchor and above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing;And step (h), by continuously performing above-mentioned step repeatedly Suddenly (e) arranges precast concrete truss wall body structure thing to step (f).
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that strengthening using above-mentioned concrete to add The underground structure of native truss wall body structure thing, using the underground structure construction method of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing Including:Step (i), the multiple precast concrete wall panels for making mutual proper alignment are connected with each other interval using reinforcement (P) And the interval for needing to be strengthened adds arrangement of reinforcement;Step (j), between multiple precast concrete wall panels of mutual proper alignment Gap filling filler and joint filling operation is carried out, mortar is carried out to the part from body of wall bottom to height up to specified altitude and is applied Work;Step (k), arranges post part and beam parts, the upside of above-mentioned post part, beam parts and body of wall part arrange board member it Afterwards, arrangement of reinforcement is carried out using slab muscle;Use on step (l), the top, stretching in the way of connecting portion of not constructing to above-mentioned board member The central portion cast on-site concrete that precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) are formed;And Step (m), precast concrete truss wall body structure thing is strengthened simultaneously by continuously performing above-mentioned steps (i) repeatedly to step (l) It is configured.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, it is a feature of the present invention that in the pre- of above-mentioned precast concrete truss body of wall Precast slab is placed on the upside free end of concrete panel processed, the central hollow between two precast concrete wall panels Between pour into a mould on-site concrete simultaneously on portion and above-mentioned precast slab.
The precast concrete truss wall body structure that the security of the invention formed by above-mentioned purpose and structure is strengthened Thing and had the advantage that using its underground structure construction method, made upright and to be formed in central portion in opposite mode The stretching precast concrete wall panel assembled for the mode for pouring into a mould the spatial portion of on-site concrete and compression precast concrete Wallboard is not arranged after being each fabricated separately, moving, but is connected with each other by truss connecting material, thus with integral type It is mobile, and with the carrying of " 1 " font, mobile and setting, therefore, there are no safety hazards in work progress or property is damaged Hidden danger is lost, so as to largely enhance security.
Also, the invention has the advantages that, stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression are logical with precast concrete wall panel Truss connecting material is crossed with integral type movement, and is moved and is arranged with " 1 " font, therefore, assemble and setting up procedure pole For simple, and can largely improve construction quality.
Also, the invention has the advantages that, add in the upside free end of compression precast concrete wall panel and formed Slip-off preventing haunch, so as to can stably place plate, construction is simple, can also the reduction of erection time.
Further, the invention has the advantages that, make upright and to form existing for pouring into a mould in central portion in opposite mode Stretching precast concrete wall panel that the mode of the spatial portion of concrete is assembled and compression precast concrete wall panel are by purlin Frame connecting material is connected with each other, thus with integral type movement, so as to, can fully bear when being carried, uprightly, place top portion Part, while to external force, wind load and impact weight when body of wall and plate cast concrete, due to precast concrete wall and basis Between be connected by lower metal device, thus when set, without the need for extra interim mounting material safety is also ensured that Property.
Also, the invention has the advantages that, in stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression precast concrete wall panel Between use truss connecting material, thus increase precast concrete (PC) endurance, so as to disposably enter from slab to body of wall Row cast.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the figure for illustrating conventional art.
Fig. 2 is the figure of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are the photo of the truss connecting material of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Fig. 5 to Fig. 8 is the figure of the cut-away section of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the figure of the shape of the upper part and amplification of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 10 and Figure 11 are that the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention is lifted with the figure of plate.
Figure 12 to Figure 16 is each of the truss connecting material of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention Detail drawing.
Figure 17 is the figure of the longitudinal profile endurance of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 18 and Figure 19 are the horizontal method for transporting and level of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention The figure of deformation.
Figure 20 and Figure 21 are the figure of the horizontal section endurance of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 22 is the figure of the safety tread truss of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 23 is the figure for illustrating the support reinforcing method when the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing of the present invention is carried.
Figure 24 and Figure 25 are the figure of the deformation index of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 26 is the figure of the slab extension method of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 27 is the figure of the sequence of construction of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention.
Figure 28 to Figure 36 is the figure of the sequence of construction of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for being shown specifically the present invention.
Figure 37 and Figure 38 be illustrate the present invention precast concrete truss wall body structure thing body of wall between associated methods figure.
Figure 39 is the figure that the reinforcement of the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing for illustrating the present invention is arranged.
Specific embodiment
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the present invention provides the precast concrete truss body of wall knot that security is strengthened Structure thing, multiple precast concrete wall panels are upright to separate predetermined distance and opposite mode, in precast concrete wall panel The spatial portion cast on-site concrete of the size separated by a distance that centre portion is formed, is consequently formed the underground structure such as sewage farm The precast concrete wall works of the wall body structure thing of thing, it is characterised in that above-mentioned precast concrete wall works includes: It is multiple stretching use precast concrete wall panels 10, from base concrete to vertical direction uprightly and with specific thickness rectangle The precast concrete wall panel of tabular is formed, and fitly continuously arranges multiple precast concrete wall panels;And multiple compressions are with prefabricated Concrete panel 20, to separate predetermined distance in the way of be arranged at it is corresponding with above-mentioned multiple stretching precast concrete wall panels Position, from base concrete to vertical direction uprightly and have specific thickness rectangular plate-like precast concrete wall panel shape Into, multiple precast concrete wall panels are fitly continuously set, it is connected with each other by truss connecting material 30 and separates predetermined distance Above-mentioned stretching makes above-mentioned stretching pre-cast concrete walling with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 , with integral type movement, above-mentioned truss connecting material 30 includes for plate 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20:First vertical track 31a, is embedded in the inside of stretching precast concrete wall panel 10;Second vertical track 31b, is embedded in compression precast concrete The inside of wallboard 20;Multiple horizontal materials 32, along horizontal direction above-mentioned first vertical track 31a, the second vertical track are connected 31b, makes above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 with integral type movement, between regulation Every vertically arranging;And multiple inclination materials 33, divide along incline direction connection between multiple horizontal materials 32 The heavy burden applied to above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 is dissipated, above-mentioned prefabricated mixed Solidifying cob wall plate 10,20 is respectively arranged with multiple truss connecting materials, when carrying, lift and upright precast concrete wall works When, the horizontal material of an above-mentioned truss connecting material a side end and adjacent truss connecting material horizontal material it is another One side end is added and forms section connecting material, to make the horizontal displacement caused because of the external force of length direction to minimize.
Term or word used in this specification and the claimed scope of invention should not be based upon in routine or dictionary Implication explaining, suitably define the concept of term to illustrate the invention of itself in optimal method based on invention personnel Principle, the present invention term or word should be explained according to the implication and concept for meeting the technology of the present invention thought.
Therefore, the structure shown in the embodiment and figure described in this specification only of the invention most preferred Embodiment, does not represent all technological thoughts of the present invention, therefore, in this application, it is thus understood that there may be can replace above-mentioned Various equivalent technical solutions of preferred embodiment and variation.Meanwhile, during the explanation present invention, it is being judged as related public affairs In the case of knowing that technology etc. there is a possibility that the purport of the present invention thickens, detailed description thereof will be omitted.
Hereinafter, referring to the drawings, the precast concrete truss that the security of the preferred embodiments of the present invention is strengthened is illustrated Wall body structure thing and the underground structure construction method using it.
First, the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security of the invention is strengthened is PC TRUSS WALL Structure, referred to as PTW.On the other hand, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, above-mentioned truss structure is illustrated as into truss connection Material, but, above-mentioned term is not limited with the implication on dictionary, but be not precluded from being capable of achieving identical function and purpose In the range of use other terms.
First, as shown in Fig. 2 the present invention precast concrete wall works in, by base concrete along The upright simultaneously length of vertical direction is identical, the rectangular plate-like with specific thickness precast concrete wall panel is formed, by multiple plate shapes Into and the stretching that alongst fitly arranges existed with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 With upright and after central portion forms spatial portion across the opposite mode of predetermined distance, by above-mentioned spatial portion cast scene Concrete 40 comes with integrally-formed precast concrete wall structure, in above-mentioned precast concrete wall works, by The spatial portion for stating multiple stretching precast concrete wall panels 10 and the formation of multiple compression precast concrete wall panels 20 is more including making Individual stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 is mutually interconnected with multiple compression precast concrete wall panels 20 in the way of integral type movement The central connecting material 30 for connecing, above-mentioned central connecting material 30 includes:First vertical track 31a, is embedded in above-mentioned stretching with advance The inside of concrete panel processed 10;Second vertical track 31b, is embedded in the inside of above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20; Multiple horizontal materials 32, so that above-mentioned first vertical track 31a is connected with above-mentioned second vertical track 31b along vertical direction Up and down interval setting of the mode to specify;And multiple inclination materials 33, to inclination between above-mentioned multiple horizontal materials 32 Direction connects.
On the other hand, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, using as the stretching precast concrete of primary structure key element Wallboard 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 are illustrated as compression member and tensile part, but, when arrange the present invention it is pre- During concrete wall processed, compression member will become tensile part after completion, and when set, tensile part is in completion After will become compression member.It is not limited to accordingly, as the compression member and tensile part of the primary structure key element of the present invention Implication on the dictionary of term, but be not precluded from using other terms in the range of achievable identical function and purpose.
Hereinafter, the said structure key element of the present invention is illustrated.First, in order to form the underground structure such as sewage farm Exterior wall in the wall body structure thing of thing, it is preferable that in the longitudinal direction, the above-mentioned stretching formation of precast concrete wall panel 10 Highly it is more than the height of compression precast concrete 20.But, according to the purpose of user of service, in order to be formed such as sewage farm Underground structure wall body structure thing in inner wall, above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression concrete The height of cob wall plate 20 can be identical.
Above-mentioned stretching is opposite with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20, adds in its inside face It is provided for carrying out body of wall the girder truss of front end reinforcement, so that precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and precast concrete The integraty of wallboard becomes firmer.
In the structural element of the truss connecting material 30 of the present invention, the first vertical track 31a is embedded in above-mentioned stretching and uses The inside of precast concrete wall panel 10, the second vertical track 31b is arranged at the position opposite with above-mentioned first vertical track 31a, And it is embedded in the inside of compression precast concrete wall panel 20.
On the other hand, for enable above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression precast concrete wall panel with one Formula is moved, and the horizontal material 32 of truss connecting material 30 connects above-mentioned first vertical track 31a and second and hangs down along horizontal direction Straight rail 31b, along above-below direction multiple above-mentioned horizontal materials 32 are provided with predetermined intervals.Also, in order to effectively disperse to The loading that stretching is applied with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20, multiple truss connecting materials 30 Incline material 33 to be connected along incline direction between multiple horizontal materials 32.On the other hand, it is preferable that the truss of the present invention Connecting material uses the steel pipe or L font steel pipes of quadrangle form, but, in the range of achievable identical purpose and function, It is not precluded from using the part of the other shapes such as round steel pipe, H profile steel, reinforcing bar.
On the other hand, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, to make above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel and compression concrete Cob wall plate is moved with integral type and is moved and arranged with " 1 " font, needs setting to connect above-mentioned first along horizontal direction vertical The multiple horizontal material 32 of track 31a and the second vertical track 31b.Now, it is preferable that in above-mentioned stretching pre-cast concrete walling In the entire length of plate and compression precast concrete wall panel, above-mentioned multiple horizontal materials are with identical between the upper and lower away from formation.
On the other hand, above-mentioned horizontal material 32 is generally formed with uniform distances, but, above-mentioned horizontal material 32 is by calculating Above-mentioned stretching is arranged with the endurance between precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20, so as to not It is defined in and is formed by uniform distances.
On the other hand, above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20 are arranged at The horizontal material 32 of low portion formed in the narrower mode of upper and lower gap ratio other parts, also, be arranged at above-mentioned stretching With the horizontal material 32 of precast concrete wall panel 10 and the upper part of above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20 between the upper and lower Formed away from the mode more narrower than other parts.
That is, to make above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20 with height side To mid portion on the basis of it is symmetrical above and below, compared with the horizontal material 32 for being arranged at middle body, be arranged at top and the bottom Horizontal material 32 is arranged with narrower spacing.
Then, Fig. 5 to Fig. 8 is the figure of the cut-away section for illustrating precast concrete truss wall body structure thing.When continuous setting During above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, for the gap for preventing from not being connected between each wall body structure thing, i.e. in order to Prevent the gap external environment between multiple precast concrete wall panels of mutual proper alignment from exposing, using waterproof material etc. Filler carries out joint filling, so as to prevent inside to be corroded.
Then, Fig. 9 is upper portion and the truss connecting material 30 for amplifying above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing The figure of the part for combining.When above-mentioned wall body structure thing is connected with each other along horizontal direction, in connecting portion, i.e. make mutually The interval that the interval and needs that multiple precast concrete wall panels of proper alignment are connected with each other are strengthened adds and forms plate and plate Between reinforcement P, for make connecting length minimize and is formed with minor diameter formation woven wire.
Also, in the figure for amplifying truss connecting material 30, to make when carrying, lift, it is upright when horizontal displacement it is minimum Change, add between above-mentioned horizontal material 32 and horizontal material 32 and form section connecting material 34.That is, above-mentioned, each is prefabricated mixed Solidifying cob wall plate 10,20 forms multiple truss connecting materials, in the side with the horizontal material of said one truss connecting material The end side of the horizontal material of the adjacent truss connecting material in portion is added and forms section connecting material, can be made because removing Fortune, lift and during upright precast concrete wall works the external force of length direction and the horizontal displacement that causes is minimized.Now, It is formed at the reinforcing bar interference portion of body of wall lower end to be removed after upright.
On the other hand, according to application target, it is not excluded that the above-mentioned horizontal material being connected with above-mentioned section connecting material 34 Material 32 is connected with material 33 is inclined.
Also, add between the vertical track 31a of above-mentioned horizontal material 32 and first, the second vertical track 31b and form plate Connecting material 35a of shape first, the second connecting material 35b, above-mentioned first connecting material 35a, the second connecting material 35b make to work as level The area engaged when material is connected with vertical track is maximized.That is, in above-mentioned horizontal material 32 or material 33 and the are inclined The first connecting material 35a of setting, the second connecting material 35b can be also added between one vertical track 31a, the second vertical track 31b, So that when above-mentioned horizontal material 32 or inclination material 33 are connected with each other with above-mentioned first vertical track 31a, the second vertical track 31b When the area that engaged maximize.
Then, Figure 10 and Figure 11 are illustrated to be formed in the upper portion of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing and lifted with plate 36 State figure.Above-mentioned lifting with plate 36 will be described in content after in detail.
Also, withShape is configured after above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, is added and is formedShape Frame, thus in each through hole fastening bolt and nut combining.Now, in order to prevent external environment from exposing and being corroded, Joint filling is carried out using the gap of above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing of the material of waterproof material etc. to being combined.
Then, Figure 12 is the figure for illustrating the truss connecting material 30 inside precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, Figure 13 To illustrate the figure of " A " part of Figure 12, Figure 14 is the figure of " B " part for illustrating Figure 12.Figure 15 is " C " part for illustrating Figure 12 Figure, Figure 16 is the figure of " D " part for illustrating Figure 12.Various pieces will be illustrated in content after.
On the other hand, as shown in figure 22, in the above-mentioned stretching upside free end outside portion of precast concrete wall panel 10 Add and safety tread truss is set, in the way of making above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and safety tread truss combine Fastened by bolt for combining and plug-in unit.Add in the upper side of above-mentioned safety tread truss and form gang form or iron plate Deng safety tread, so as to have the advantages that operating personnel can be made safely to carry out operation.
The maximum allowable loading of above-mentioned safety tread truss is 400kg/m2, so as to can more safely carry out operation.
Then, as shown in figure 18, above-mentioned stretching with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 with Integral type is tied, and is thus lifted and is carried with " 1 " font, in above-mentioned stretching with precast concrete wall panel 10 or compression with prefabricated The outside portion of concrete panel 20 in the way of equally separating predetermined distance from both side ends add embedment head anchoring, so as to act Play hawser to be connected.
The section of above-mentioned head anchoring is in " I " font, compared with outer head protruding to the outside, the inside internally imbedded Head has longer diameter, so as to more firmly fix.
As shown in figure 18, if being connected with hawser is lifted to the outside prominent outer head of above-mentioned head anchoring, can be in " Y " word shape, thus, if the angle for lifting hawser being connected with head anchoring launches more than 60 degree, uses balance steel beam To prevent from being inclined to side.
On the other hand, as shown in figure 19, if precast concrete truss wall body structure thing in the manner with lift Hawser combines, then the maximum flexibility deformation for occurring is for about 0.8mm, when lifting, the endurance ratio for about 0.3 of truss member Hereinafter, it is safer so as to have the advantages that structure.
Then, as shown in figure 20, by with lift in the way of hawser is connected in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 And engagement is lifted and uses iron plate on the upside free end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20, i.e. lift and connect with plate 36 and truss Close, so that above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 are tied and energy with integral type It is enough upright with " 1 " font.That is, in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and the upside of compression precast concrete wall panel 20 On free end add setting lift with plate 36, to be connected with hawser is lifted, with formed as sewage farm The mode of the exterior wall in the wall body structure thing of lower works makes the height of above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 more than pressure In the case of height of the contracting with precast concrete wall panel 20, the upside freedom of above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel 20 is arranged at Lifting on end adds the effect (Figure 11) for performing precast slab stop section with plate.Also, with formation such as sewage The mode of the inner wall in the wall body structure thing of the underground structure of Treatment stations makes above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 In the case of height identical of the height with compression with precast concrete wall panel 20, in above-mentioned stretching with the He of precast concrete wall panel 10 Add setting on the upside free end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20 to lift with plate 36, to be connected with hawser is lifted Connect, above-mentioned lifting adds the effect (Figure 10) for performing precast slab stop section with plate.On the other hand, in order to prevent Corner parts are damaged when erecting above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 Add with the downside end of compression precast concrete wall panel 20 and form breakage and prevent with acupressure probe and "L" shaped steel.
On the other hand, as shown in figure 21, make as formed above lifting be connected with hawser is lifted with iron plate, thus make prefabricated Central portion maximum flexibility between concrete truss wall body structure thing is formed in about 3.0mm degree, when lifting, truss portion The endurance ratio for about less than 0.7 of part, so as to have the advantages that structure is safer.
On the other hand, it is preferable that above-mentioned lifting is formed at stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression with prefabricated with plate One side in the upside free end of concrete panel 20, but, it is not excluded that can be in the model for realizing identical purpose and function Two sides are formed in enclosing.
Above-mentioned the stretching downside end and basic courses department of precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 Combine, now, it is preferable that carry out bolt and fix, but, it is not excluded that can realize leading in the range of identical purpose and function Cross other fixed mechanisms to be fixed.That is, above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 Downside end by bottom connection the bolt of metal device 50 be anchored on basic courses department, so that wind load or impact weight can be resisted.
On the other hand, above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing comes with the carrying of " 1 " font as a structure, when When carrying along horizontal direction, configure support in the inner space of regulation and add to prevent above-mentioned wall body structure thing from deforming Strong structure thing.Also, when being loaded in lorry and being carried, in order to prevent because being deformed by external impact, with goods The fractional additional configuration chock that the compartment of car contacts.
Then, Figure 24 to Figure 25 is the figure for illustrating above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure composition deformation index, from downside More past upside, is gradually increased by the external force of transversely outer stress.
On the other hand, as shown in figure 26, plate is placed with the upside free end of precast concrete wall panel 20 in above-mentioned compression Structure S, cannot place to prevent the overlay length of above-mentioned panel structure not enough, add in above-mentioned upside free end and set Put plate reinforcing plate.
Also, with using reinforcing bar in above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 Inner side add arrangement of reinforcement mode add configuration precast slab connection horizontal reinforcement and horizontal reinforcement placement with metal device come Stiffener is constructed, it is 1/2 interval that above-mentioned precast concrete connection horizontal reinforcement is configured in whole height.
As shown in figure 37, Figure 37 is to illustrate the step of strengthening " T " font structure thing using above-mentioned stiffener Figure, Figure 38 is to illustrate the step of strengthening the interval works of cross using above-mentioned stiffener, when each wall body structure When combining between thing, its mode for more firmly combining is entered in the inside of each wall body structure thing using stiffener Row arrangement of reinforcement.
On the other hand, as above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing structural element the first connecting material, Two connecting materials, the interval of horizontal material, safety tread, overlay length method etc. can be according to construction purpose and construction methods come quilt Further add or can be omitted, it is not excluded that also add or elliptical structure key element set location and arrange quantity.
On the other hand, with reference to Figure 27, the underground structure of the utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure thing of the present invention is applied Work method includes:Step (a), pours into a mould blinding concrete;Step (b), mark precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, body of wall steel The position of muscle, lower anchor and reinforcement foundation interference portion;Step (c), to reinforcement foundation, body of wall steel in the way of the portion of avoiding interference Muscle carries out arrangement of reinforcement, and arranges seal plate in construction connecting portion;Step (d), pours into a mould base concrete and carries out health;Step (e), Mark precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, lower anchor, the position of post;Step (f), lower anchor is entered eleven punch 11 it Afterwards, make the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing with structural element as above with integral type by " 1 " font along hang down Nogata arranges afterwards precast concrete truss wall body structure thing to uprightly and to set location with integral type movement;Step (g), Connect metal device to connect lower anchor and above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing using bottom;And step (h), By continuously performing above-mentioned steps (e) repeatedly to step (f), precast concrete truss wall body structure thing is set.
Also, to above-mentioned construction method, strengthen being tied using the underground of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing to add Structure thing, is included using the underground structure construction method of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing:Step (i), using reinforcement P The interval and necessary interval of connection between plate and plate is carried out adding arrangement of reinforcement, i.e., using reinforcement P to making mutual proper alignment The interval that is interval and needing to be strengthened that multiple precast concrete wall panels are connected with each other adds arrangement of reinforcement;Step (j), to body of wall it Between gap filling filler and carry out joint filling operation and to carrying out sand up to the part of specified altitude to height from body of wall bottom Slurry construction, i.e., to the gap filling filler between multiple precast concrete wall panels of mutual proper alignment and carry out joint filling work Industry, to the part from body of wall bottom to height up to specified altitude mortar construction is carried out;Step (k), arranges post part and beam parts, After the upside of above-mentioned post part, beam parts and body of wall part arranges board member, using slab muscle arrangement of reinforcement is carried out;Step (l), The central authorities that top, stretching precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression precast concrete wall panel 20 to above-mentioned board member is formed Pour into a mould on-site concrete in portion;And step (m), it is prefabricated mixed to strengthen to step (l) by continuously performing above-mentioned steps (i) repeatedly Solidifying soil truss wall body structure thing is simultaneously configured.
Now, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, can be in the pre-cast concrete walling of above-mentioned precast concrete truss body of wall Precast slab is placed on the upside free end of plate, to the central space portion between two precast concrete wall panels and above-mentioned Pour into a mould on-site concrete on precast slab simultaneously.
Then, Figure 28 to Figure 36 is the figure for being shown specifically above-mentioned construction method, as shown in figure 28, precast concrete truss wall The upside of body works is connected with crane, and configures rubber blanket in downside, thus at utmost prevents when above-mentioned wall body structure Suffered damage when thing is upright.
Then, as shown in Figure 29 and Figure 30, in order to prevent above-mentioned wall body structure body from collapsing, in precast concrete truss body of wall The assigned position of one side end of works adds configuration erection support member, as shown in figure 31, in order to prevent above-mentioned body of wall from tying Gap external environment between structure thing exposes, and in outside filling pointing, is filled with filler, dual so as to carry out Filling.
Then, as shown in figure 32, if above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing is secured entirely on ground, releasing After above-mentioned erection support member, as shown in Figure 33 and Figure 34, above-mentioned wall body structure thing upside add arrange seal plate and Body of wall top and slab reinforcing bar.Also, add configuration front end reinforcement and main reinforcement.
If completing step as described above, as shown in figure 35, to stretching with precast concrete wall panel 10 and compression with advance Cast on-site concrete is added between concrete panel processed 20, it is as shown in figure 36, complete to adding execution waterproof between each gap Kind operation.
In the above-mentioned methods, in the cast of above-mentioned base concrete and health step (Step d), in order to mark concrete The set location of native truss wall body structure thing and carry out line of ink marker operation, and mark the position in truss interference portion.
On the other hand, above-mentioned basic precast concrete has the advantage that, in precast concrete truss wall body structure thing Lower end, in order to resist wind load or impact weight, in bottom, connection metal device 50 is added and arranges bottom fixed-use bolt, by This makes fixing intensity become firm, so as to more stably be fixed.
It is perfect in the additional waterproof in outside of above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing if completing above-mentioned setting Operation, above-mentioned waterproof improves the part that operation pair engages with panel structure, the part being engaged with ground and additional each is pre- Bonding part between concrete truss wall body structure thing processed carries out adding construction, further increase internal watertightness so as to have And the advantage of durability.
On the other hand, Figure 39 is the figure of the reinforcement setting order for illustrating above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, The reinforcement setting order of precast concrete truss wall body structure thing includes:Step 1, implements body of wall assembling;Step 2, is removing Expose to the perforated portion that outside is exposed and arrange after reinforcing bar reinforcement;Step 3, arranges the position of reinforcement and fixed reinforcement; Step 4, after model is arranged, is poured into a mould using concrete;And step 5, remove model and arrange periphery, thus complete Arrange.
The explanation of reference
10:Stretching precast concrete wall panel 20:Compression precast concrete wall panel
30:Truss connecting material 31a, 31b:First vertical track, the second vertical track
32:Horizontal material 33:Incline material
40:On-site concrete
Industrial applicability
As described above, the first vertical track, second vertical that present invention connection will be embedded in inside precast concrete wall panel Truss connection of the horizontal material and inclination material between track and precast concrete wall panel to be formed after the configuration of truss form Material is simultaneously formed as one using tipper with external and internal wall.Therefore, precast concrete truss wall body structure thing of the invention Can fully resist when being carried, uprightly, by wind load, the loading that is hit, place upper member, while mixed to body of wall and plate cast Various external force during solidifying soil etc., therefore without the extra interim mounting material such as support member, thickness of wall body and height are not limited, The outer wall of works is may be not only suitable for, and could be applicable to inwall and multi-layer walls.Also, the present invention has and can not have The structure in the case of pile body of wall and cement plate poured into a mould simultaneously.Therefore, above-described embodiment is belonged in all respects Exemplary embodiments, and the present invention is not intended to limit, the scope of the present invention can be represented by the claimed scope of invention, and Represent not by above-mentioned detailed description.And, the implication and scope of the claimed scope of invention being not only, can want from invention All forms for changing and deforming derived from the equivalents of protection domain are asked to belong to scope of the invention.

Claims (13)

1. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that a kind of security is strengthened, multiple precast concrete wall panels are separating rule Set a distance and opposite mode are upright, the spatial portion of the size separated by a distance formed to the central portion in precast concrete wall panel Cast on-site concrete, the precast concrete wall for being consequently formed the wall body structure thing of the underground structure such as sewage farm is tied Structure thing, it is characterised in that
Above-mentioned precast concrete wall works includes:
Multiple stretching precast concrete wall panels (10), from base concrete to vertical direction uprightly and with specific thickness The precast concrete wall panel of rectangular plate-like formed, multiple precast concrete wall panels are fitly continuously set;And
Multiple compression precast concrete wall panels (20), to separate predetermined distance in the way of be arranged at above-mentioned multiple stretchings with pre- The corresponding position of concrete panel processed, from base concrete to vertical direction uprightly and have specific thickness rectangular slab The precast concrete wall panel of shape is formed, and fitly continuously arranges multiple precast concrete wall panels,
Be connected with each other by truss connecting material (30) the above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel (10) that separates predetermined distance and Compression makes above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression pre-cast concrete walling with precast concrete wall panel (20) Plate (20) is moved with integral type,
Above-mentioned truss connecting material (30) includes:
First vertical track (31a), is embedded in the inside of stretching precast concrete wall panel (10);
Second vertical track (31b), is embedded in the inside of compression precast concrete wall panel (20);
Multiple horizontal materials (32), along horizontal direction above-mentioned first vertical track (31a), the second vertical track (31b) are connected, Above-mentioned stretching precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) are made with integral type movement, between regulation Every vertically arranging;And
Multiple inclinations material (33), disperse to above-mentioned stretching between multiple horizontal materials (32) along incline direction connection The heavy burden applied with precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20),
Multiple truss connecting materials are respectively arranged with above-mentioned precast concrete wall panel (10,20), when carrying, lift and upright pre- During concrete wall structure thing processed, connect in a side end and adjacent truss of the horizontal material of an above-mentioned truss connecting material The end side of the horizontal material of material is added and forms section connecting material, can make to be caused because of the external force of length direction Horizontal displacement minimize.
2. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 1 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Add between above-mentioned horizontal material or inclination material and the first vertical track, the second vertical track and the first connecting material is set (35a), the second connecting material (35b), so that when above-mentioned horizontal material or inclination material hang down with above-mentioned first vertical track, second The area engaged when straight rail is connected with each other is maximized.
3. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 1 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Above-mentioned stretching is more than the height of compression precast concrete wall panel (20) with the height of precast concrete wall panel (10), to be formed such as Exterior wall in the wall body structure thing of the underground structure in sewage farm.
4. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 3 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Add on upside free end of the above-mentioned stretching with precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) Setting is lifted with plate (36), can be connected with hawser is lifted, is arranged at above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel (20) Lifting on the free end of upside adds the effect for performing precast slab stop section with plate.
5. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 4 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Precast slab is placed on the upside free end of above-mentioned compression precast concrete wall panel (20), to two concretes Pour into a mould on-site concrete in central space portion and above-mentioned precast slab between cob wall plate simultaneously.
6. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 1 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Above-mentioned stretching is highly identical with compression precast concrete wall panel (20) with the height of precast concrete wall panel (10), to be formed Such as the inner wall in the wall body structure thing of the underground structure in sewage farm.
7. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 6 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Add on upside free end of the above-mentioned stretching with precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) Setting is lifted with plate (36), and can be connected with hawser is lifted, above-mentioned lifting adds execution precast slab gear with plate The effect of stop.
8. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 7 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Place on upside free end of the above-mentioned stretching with precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) Precast slab, pours into a mould simultaneously in the central space portion between two precast concrete wall panels and above-mentioned precast slab On-site concrete.
9. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 1 is strengthened, it is characterised in that Above-mentioned stretching is connected with the downside end of precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) by bottom Metal device (50) bolt is anchored on basic courses department, can resist wind load or impact weight.
10. the precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that security according to claim 1 is strengthened, its feature exists In additional with the opposite inside face of precast concrete wall panel (10) and compression precast concrete wall panel (20) in above-mentioned stretching It is provided for carrying out body of wall the girder truss of front end reinforcement.
11. a kind of underground structure construction methods of utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, using according to claim 1 The precast concrete truss wall body structure thing that the security described in into 10 is strengthened to underground structure carrying out The method of construction, it is characterised in that the underground structure construction method bag of above-mentioned utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure thing Include:
Step (a), pours into a mould blinding concrete;
Step (b), marks precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, wall steel bar, lower anchor and reinforcement foundation interference portion Position;
Step (c), carries out to reinforcement foundation, wall steel bar arrangement of reinforcement in the way of the portion of avoiding interference, and arranges in construction connecting portion Seal plate;
Step (d), pours into a mould base concrete and carries out health;
Step (e), mark precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, lower anchor, the position of post;
Step (f), enters after eleven punch 11 to lower anchor, make above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing with integral type by " 1 " font is upright along vertical direction and is moved with integral type to set location, and precast concrete truss body of wall knot is arranged afterwards Structure thing;
Step (g), connects metal device and ties come bolt connection lower anchor and above-mentioned precast concrete truss body of wall using bottom Structure thing;And
Step (h), by continuously performing above-mentioned steps (e) repeatedly to step (f) precast concrete truss wall body structure is arranged Thing.
The underground structure construction method of 12. utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure things according to claim 11, Characterized in that, strengthening using the underground structure of above-mentioned precast concrete truss wall body structure thing, using prefabricated to add The underground structure construction method of concrete truss wall body structure thing includes:
Step (i), using be connected with each other to the multiple precast concrete wall panels for making mutual proper alignment interval of reinforcement (P) and The interval that needs are strengthened adds arrangement of reinforcement;
Step (j), to the gap filling filler between multiple precast concrete wall panels of mutual proper alignment and fills out Seam operation, to the part from body of wall bottom to height up to specified altitude mortar construction is carried out;
Step (k), arranges post part and beam parts, and in the upside of above-mentioned post part, beam parts and body of wall part board member is arranged Afterwards, arrangement of reinforcement is carried out using slab muscle;
Step (l), the top, stretching precast concrete wall panel (10) in the way of connecting portion of not constructing to above-mentioned board member On-site concrete is poured into a mould with the central portion that compression precast concrete wall panel (20) is formed;And
Step (m), by continuously performing above-mentioned steps (i) repeatedly to step (l) precast concrete truss wall body structure is strengthened Thing is simultaneously configured.
The underground structure construction method of 13. utilization precast concrete truss wall body structure things according to claim 12, Characterized in that, placing prefabricated mixed on the upside free end of the precast concrete wall panel of above-mentioned precast concrete truss body of wall Concrete board, scene is poured into a mould in the central space portion between two precast concrete wall panels and above-mentioned precast slab mixed simultaneously Solidifying soil.
CN201680002217.3A 2015-02-09 2016-01-26 Safety-enhanced pc truss wall structure, and underground-structure construction method using same Pending CN106661881A (en)

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KR10-2015-0019710 2015-02-09
KR20150019710 2015-02-09
KR1020150072105A KR101630235B1 (en) 2015-02-09 2015-05-22 Precast truss wall structure and construction method of underground structure using thereof
KR10-2015-0072105 2015-05-22
PCT/KR2016/000817 WO2016129826A1 (en) 2015-02-09 2016-01-26 Safety-enhanced pc truss wall structure, and underground-structure construction method using same

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KR (2) KR101630235B1 (en)
CN (1) CN106661881A (en)
WO (1) WO2016129826A1 (en)

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