CN106656012A - Solar panel cleaning device - Google Patents

Solar panel cleaning device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106656012A
CN106656012A CN201611061536.XA CN201611061536A CN106656012A CN 106656012 A CN106656012 A CN 106656012A CN 201611061536 A CN201611061536 A CN 201611061536A CN 106656012 A CN106656012 A CN 106656012A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panels
cleaning
water tank
water
solar panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611061536.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜剑侠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chengdu Small Micro Media Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chengdu Small Micro Media Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Small Micro Media Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Small Micro Media Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611061536.XA priority Critical patent/CN106656012A/en
Publication of CN106656012A publication Critical patent/CN106656012A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar panel cleaning device. A guide rail is arranged at the upper end of a downward inclination end of a solar panel; a linear motor is arranged at the upper end of the guide rail; the side wall of the linear motor is connected with a brush carrier along an upward inclination direction; one end, close to the solar panel, of the brush carrier is connected with a cleaning brush; a water baffle located at the upper part of the linear motor is arranged at the upper end of the solar panel; a bracket located at the lower part of the solar panel is arranged on the side wall of an upright post and the other end of the bracket is connected with a water tank; the water tank is located at the upper part of the solar panel; an opening of the water tank is connected with a filter net; and one end, close to the solar panel, of the side wall of the water tank is connected with a water outlet main pipe, the other end of the water outlet main pipe is connected with multiple water outlet branch pipes and a pneumatic control valve is arranged in the middle of the water outlet main pipe. The solar panel cleaning device has the characteristics of being simple in structure, convenient to clean, economical and environment-friendly.

Description

A kind of solar panels cleaning device
Technical field
The present invention relates to cleaning device technical field, specially a kind of solar panels cleaning device.
Background technology
In solar photovoltaic generation system, its principle is to convert solar energy into electric energy, and wherein solar panels are core One of part.The installation position of solar photovoltaic generation system is equipped with certain requirement, it is necessary to be outdoor roof installed outdoors, high-altitude Or at spaciousness, to receive sunshine to greatest extent, effectively play its maximum opto-electronic conversion performance.But meanwhile, in air Dust, debris and some corrosive deposits be just easily attached to the surface of solar panels, the especially ground of environmental condition difference Area, will have a strong impact on the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar panels in 1-2 month in the full dust of the surface cover of cell panel, and reducing it makes With efficiency, huge loss is caused.Therefore, the higher conversion efficiency of solar photovoltaic generation system is kept, just must be protected Hold the surface cleaning of solar panels and without covering.When solar panel is installed in high-altitude or roof, with regard to nothing Method is cleaned in time to the surface dust dust and other impurities for being covered in its surface, is not cleaned for a long time, the conversion efficiency of solar panels Will reduce, and service life will also result in impact, and also if leaf or birds droppings are bonded at its surface and can also cause local Heating burns out, if heavy snow is covered, serious potential safety hazard can be also brought, for this purpose, a kind of it is proposed that solar panels sanitizer cartridge Put.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of solar panels cleaning device, to solve above-mentioned background technology in propose ask Topic.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of solar panels cleaning device, including column, the upper end of the column is provided with inclined solar panels, described The upper end of solar panels one end diagonally downward is provided with guide rail, and the upper end of the guide rail is provided with linear electric machine, described linear The side wall of motor is connected with brush holder along the direction for tilting upward, and the brush holder is connected with cleaning near one end of solar panels Brush, the upper end of the solar panels is provided with the water fender positioned at the top of linear electric machine, in the lower end of the solar panels Portion is provided with battery, and the side wall of the column is provided with the support positioned at the lower section of solar panels, and the side wall of the column sets The controller positioned at the lower section of support is equipped with, the other end of the support is connected with water tank, and the water tank is located at solar panels Top, the upper end of the water tank is arranged into opened type, and the open-mouth of the water tank is connected with screen pack, and the side wall of the water tank is leaned on One end of nearly solar panels is connected with outfall sewer, and the other end of the outfall sewer is connected with multiple water outlets and is in charge of, it is described go out Pneumatic type regulating valve is provided with the middle part of supply mains.
Preferably, the brush holder is in a parallel set with solar panels.
Preferably, the setting of " L " type is put up for described.
Preferably, the quantity more than two that the water outlet is in charge of, and equidistant arrangement.
Preferably, water fender one end upwards is arranged to arc-shaped.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:This solar panels cleaning device, when the ash on solar panels When dirt is more, controller control linear electric machine moves reciprocatingly on guide rail, so as to drive cleaning brush to the ash on solar panels Dirt is cleaned, and while cleaning, controller control pneumatic type regulating valve is opened, and the water in water tank flows out from the water outlet place of being in charge of, Coordinate cleaning brush work so that solar panels are more cleaned, and operating efficiency is higher, the upper end of water tank arranges screen pack, prevents miscellaneous Thing falls in water tank the obstruction for causing outfall sewer, meanwhile, rainwater can be collected when Sometimes When It Rains, so as to save resource, Water fender is set, and when under the current in water tank, water fender stops that water soaks to guide rail and linear electric machine, extends Its service life, the features such as the present invention has simple structure, easy to clean, economical environment-protective.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is A portions of the present invention mplifying structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is B portions of the present invention mplifying structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the cross section structure schematic diagram that outfall sewer of the present invention and water outlet are in charge of;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of linear electric machine of the present invention and controller.
In figure:1 column, 2 solar panels, 3 guide rails, 4 linear electric machines, 5 brush holders, 6 cleaning brush, 7 batteries, 8 supports, 9 controls Device processed, 10 water tanks, 11 screen packs, 12 outfall sewers, 13 water outlets are in charge of, 14 pneumatic type regulating valves, 15 water fenders.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Fig. 1-5 are referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical scheme:
A kind of solar panels cleaning device, including column 1, the upper end of column 1 is provided with inclined solar panels 2, the sun The upper end of energy plate 2 one end diagonally downward is provided with guide rail 3, and the upper end of guide rail 3 is provided with linear electric machine 4, the side of linear electric machine 4 Wall is connected with brush holder 5 along the direction for tilting upward, and brush holder 5 is in a parallel set with solar panels 2, it is ensured that solar panels 2 are each The size of the power that place receives when being cleaned is identical, it is ensured that the globality of cleaning, and brush holder 5 connects near one end of solar panels 2 It is connected to cleaning brush 6, the upper end of solar panels 2 is provided with the water fender 15 positioned at the top of linear electric machine 4, water fender 15 is upwards One end is arranged to arc-shaped, and the water flow down from the upper end of solar panels 2 is blocked, and prevents rainwater from having soaked linear electric machine 4, shadow Ring its normal work.
Battery 7 is provided with the middle part of the lower end of solar panels 2, for equipment electric energy is provided, the side wall of column 1 is provided with position In the support 8 of the lower section of solar panels 2,8 one-tenth of support " L " type is arranged, and the side wall of column 1 is provided with positioned at the lower section of support 8 Controller 9, controller 9 is the single-chip microcomputer of AT89C51 models, there is provided the input of 4 way switch amounts, the output of 4 way switch amounts, output control Signal, control relay output, so as to reach the control to linear electric machine 4, the other end of support 8 is connected with water tank 10, water tank 10 tops for being located at solar panels 2, the upper end of water tank 10 is arranged into opened type, and the open-mouth of water tank 10 is connected with screen pack 11, The side wall of water tank 10 is connected with outfall sewer 12 near one end of solar panels 2, and the other end of outfall sewer 12 is connected with multiple Water outlet is in charge of 13, and 13 quantity more than two, and equidistant arrangement are in charge of in water outlet, and cleaning is uniform, and the middle part of outfall sewer 12 sets It is equipped with pneumatic type regulating valve 14.
This solar panels cleaning device, when the dust on solar panels 2 is more, the control linear electric machine 4 of controller 9 is being led Move reciprocatingly on rail 3, so as to drive cleaning brush 6 to clean the dust on solar panels 2, while cleaning, controller 9 Control pneumatic type regulating valve 14 is opened, and the water in water tank 10 is in charge of outflow at 13 from water outlet, coordinates cleaning brush 6 to work so that too Positive energy plate 2 is more cleaned, and operating efficiency is higher, and the upper end of water tank 10 arranges screen pack 11, prevents debris from falling in water tank 10 and makes Into the obstruction of outfall sewer 12, meanwhile, rainwater can be collected when Sometimes When It Rains, so as to save resource, water fender 15 is set, When under the current in water tank 10, water fender 15 stops water soaking to guide rail 3 and linear electric machine 4, and extending it makes With the life-span, the features such as the present invention has simple structure, easy to clean, economical environment-protective.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding can carry out various changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of solar panels cleaning device, including column (1), it is characterised in that:The upper end of the column (1) is provided with inclination Solar panels (2), the upper end of the solar panels (2) one end diagonally downward is provided with guide rail (3), the guide rail (3) Upper end is provided with linear electric machine (4), and the side wall of the linear electric machine (4) is connected with brush holder (5), institute along the direction for tilting upward State brush holder (5) and be connected with cleaning brush (6) near one end of solar panels (2), the upper end of the solar panels (2) is provided with and is located at The water fender (15) of the top of linear electric machine (4), is provided with battery (7) in the middle part of the lower end of the solar panels (2), described The side wall of column (1) is provided with the support (8) positioned at the lower section of solar panels (2), and the side wall of the column (1) is provided with and is located at The controller (9) of the lower section of support (8), the other end of the support (8) is connected with water tank (10), and the water tank (10) is positioned at too The top of positive energy plate (2), the upper end of the water tank (10) is arranged into opened type, and the open-mouth of the water tank (10) is connected with filtration Net (11), the side wall of the water tank (10) is connected with outfall sewer (12), the outfall sewer near one end of solar panels (2) (12) the other end is connected with multiple water outlets and is in charge of (13), and in the middle part of the outfall sewer (12) pneumatic type regulating valve is provided with (14)。
2. a kind of solar panels cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The brush holder (5) and solar energy Plate (2) is in a parallel set.
3. a kind of solar panels cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The support (8) sets into " L " type Put.
4. a kind of solar panels cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The number of (13) is in charge of in the water outlet Amount more than two, and equidistant arrangement.
5. a kind of solar panels cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water fender (15) is upwards One end is arranged to arc-shaped.
CN201611061536.XA 2016-11-28 2016-11-28 Solar panel cleaning device Pending CN106656012A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611061536.XA CN106656012A (en) 2016-11-28 2016-11-28 Solar panel cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611061536.XA CN106656012A (en) 2016-11-28 2016-11-28 Solar panel cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106656012A true CN106656012A (en) 2017-05-10

Family

ID=58812672

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611061536.XA Pending CN106656012A (en) 2016-11-28 2016-11-28 Solar panel cleaning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106656012A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107659244A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-02 江苏燕山光伏设备有限公司 A kind of new solar energy photovoltaic generator
CN110051093A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-26 山东师范大学 A kind of anti-birds droppings, the umbrella for collecting rainwater and birds droppings

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107659244A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-02 江苏燕山光伏设备有限公司 A kind of new solar energy photovoltaic generator
CN110051093A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-26 山东师范大学 A kind of anti-birds droppings, the umbrella for collecting rainwater and birds droppings

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170510