CN106654345B - Film-coating covering machine - Google Patents

Film-coating covering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106654345B
CN106654345B CN201710055866.6A CN201710055866A CN106654345B CN 106654345 B CN106654345 B CN 106654345B CN 201710055866 A CN201710055866 A CN 201710055866A CN 106654345 B CN106654345 B CN 106654345B
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China
Prior art keywords
film
plate
feeding device
disc
rotating disc
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CN201710055866.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106654345A (en
Inventor
王贞龙
孙春杰
赵智跃
蔡平
陈丁鹏
周国华
马作榕
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Zhejiang Haiyue Automation Machinery Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Haiyue Automation Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710055866.6A priority Critical patent/CN106654345B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0404Machines for assembling batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M6/00Primary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M6/005Devices for making primary cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a film wrapping and edge covering machine. The invention is realized by the following technical scheme that the film coating and covering machine comprises a main frame, a conveying device, a feeding device, a transferring device, a paper feeding device, a plate stacking device, a material supplementing device, a film feeding device and a film pasting device, wherein the conveying device is arranged on the main frame and used for conveying a polar plate, the feeding device is used for placing the polar plate, the transferring device is used for transferring the polar plate from the feeding device to the conveying device, the paper feeding device is used for wrapping the polar plate with partition paper, the plate stacking device is used for stacking the polar plate with wrapped edges, the material supplementing device is used for supplementing the stacked polar plate, the film feeding device is used for coating the polar plate with supplemented materials, and the film pasting device is used for shaping and hot-pressing the film on the polar plate. The invention aims to provide a film wrapping and edge covering machine which can automatically perform a film wrapping and edge covering process on a polar plate, and has the advantages of low dependence on manpower, high automation degree, high speed and low error rate.

Description

Film-coating covering machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a film wrapping and edge covering machine.
Background
During the production of the battery, plates are produced. The polar plate is divided into a positive plate and a negative plate, the positive plate and the negative plate need to be separated by separator paper in transmission and storage, the process is called as plate wrapping or edge wrapping, generally, the positive plate is often wrapped, and then the negative plate is placed above or below the positive plate.
The wrapped positive plate and negative plate are called a unit. In actual production, a plurality of unit plates are sequentially stacked together and wrapped by a transparent plastic film, and the process is called as coating.
In the work of whole diolame and bordure, often rely on the manual work to accomplish, and manual operation, on the one hand efficiency is very low, should go by hand to take positive plate and negative plate, still need to pile up the polar plate quantity according to customer's demand. On the other hand, the error rate is high, for example, the separator paper is wrapped on the positive plate, but the separator paper is wrapped on the negative plate, for example, the specification is that the combination of one group of plates is three positive, four negative, and the combination of the last number is wrong.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a film wrapping and edge covering machine which can automatically perform a film wrapping and edge covering process on a polar plate, and has the advantages of low dependence on manpower, high automation degree, high speed and low error rate.
The film coating and covering machine comprises a main frame, a conveying device, a feeding device, a transferring device, a paper feeding device, a stacking device, a material supplementing device, a film feeding device and a film pasting device, wherein the conveying device is arranged on the main frame and used for conveying polar plates, the feeding device is used for placing the polar plates, the transferring device is used for transferring the polar plates from the feeding device to the conveying device, the paper feeding device is used for wrapping the polar plates with partition paper, the stacking device is used for stacking the polar plates after edge covering is finished, the material supplementing device is used for supplementing the polar plates after stacking is finished, the film feeding device is used for coating the polar plates after material supplementing is finished, and the film pasting device is used for shaping and hot-pressing films on the polar plates.
Preferably, the feeding device comprises a positive plate feeding device and a negative plate feeding device, the negative plate feeding device is closer to the stacking device, the paper feeding device is positioned between the positive plate feeding device and the negative plate feeding device, and the negative plate is placed on the supplementing device.
Preferably, the transfer device comprises a slider which can move relative to the main frame, the slider is connected with the suction cup to drive the suction cup to approach or separate from the feeding device, the transfer device further comprises a rotary table which can be driven to rotate and a hinge shaft, one end of the hinge shaft is hinged with the rotary table, and the other end of the hinge shaft is hinged with the slider.
Preferably, the slider is hinged to a moving frame, the sucker is fixedly connected to the moving frame, the sucker further comprises a guide part, a guide rail is arranged on the guide part, the moving frame can slide according to the guide rail, the guide rail comprises a first translation section extending in the horizontal direction, a second translation section extending in the horizontal direction and higher than the first translation section, and a turning section connecting the first translation section and the second translation section, and the second translation section is closest to the feeding device.
Preferably, the stacking device comprises a push piece for placing the polar plate, an outer rotating disc, an inner rotating disc arranged on the outer rotating disc, an outer transmission for driving the outer rotating disc to rotate and an inner transmission for driving the inner rotating disc to rotate, wherein the push piece is arranged on the inner rotating disc and can stretch and contract relative to the disc surface of the inner rotating disc, and the inner rotating disc can rotate relative to the outer rotating disc.
Preferably, when the outer rotating disc rotates, the push piece on the inner rotating disc always keeps placing the polar plate in the horizontal direction.
Preferably, the inner rotating disc comprises a connecting disc used for being fixed with the outer rotating disc and a rotating disc rotatably connected with the connecting disc, the push sheet is arranged on the rotating disc, a rotating shaft is arranged on the rotating disc, a ratchet wheel is arranged on the rotating shaft and is in transmission connection with the inner rotating disc, and the connecting disc is embedded in the outer rotating disc.
Preferably, an outer connecting block is arranged on one surface, close to the connecting disc, of the rotating disc, a through groove for the push sheet to pass through is further formed in the rotating disc, the push sheet is provided with a lower hinge portion and a flat stacking portion, the lower hinge portion is hinged to the outer connecting block, the flat stacking portion is used for placing a polar plate, a connecting portion penetrating through the through groove is connected to the flat stacking portion, an upper limiting sheet used for abutting against the surface of the connecting disc to achieve limiting is arranged on the connecting portion, and an outer convex portion is arranged on the lower hinge portion and abuts against the connecting disc to achieve limiting in the other direction.
Preferably, the film sticking device includes a shaping device for shaping the film on the electrode plate and a hot pressing device for hot pressing the shaped film, the shaping device includes shaping plates positioned on both sides of the conveying device and film passing slits opened in the shaping plates for passing the film, and the film passing slits are disposed in an inclined manner.
Preferably, the film passing slit includes an upper slit located above and configured to shape and bond the upper half film on the electrode plate and a lower slit located below and configured to shape and bond the lower half film on the electrode plate, the upper slit is inclined downward gradually as the conveying direction of the conveyor is directed rearward, the lower slit is inclined upward gradually as the conveying direction of the conveyor is directed forward, the lower slit is directed rearward, and a bottom slit through which the lower half film on the electrode plate passes is located below the upper slit.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the outer rotary disc rotates continuously, the polar plate unit is taken up by the stacking piece, and stacking is automatically completed in the transferring process.
2. And a counter is arranged to control the stacking number of the polar plate units.
3. The inner rotary disk and the outer rotary disk are independently driven and rotate relatively, so that the stacking piece can not rotate relative to the ground and always extend in the horizontal direction.
4. Be provided with the spacing of two directions on the heap piece, avoid piling the piece and overhanging and interior commentaries on classics head.
5. The transfer device can automatically shift the absorbed polar plate.
6. The positive plate feeding device and the negative plate feeding device are separated and independently operated, and automatic feeding is realized.
7. The pressing block moves conveniently on the conveying frame and can provide a pressing plate inclined plane for the polar plate to lean against.
8. The sliding block is driven to slide through the turntable and the hinge shaft, so that the moving stroke of the sliding block is fixed.
9. The angle that the sucking disc can be adjusted to guide piece and direction track for the sucking disc can incline, also can be vertical, thereby guarantee the perpendicular contact with the polar plate all the time, guarantee the contact effect.
10. The positive and negative plates travel automatically as a unit on the conveyor.
11. The positive plate is automatically covered with edges when passing through the paper feeding device, and the partition paper is automatically unfolded and also automatically cut off.
12. The pinch roller makes the baffle paper more laminate to the parcel effect of positive polar plate.
13. And automatically covering the polar plate with a film.
14. And shaping and hot-pressing the films on the two sides of the polar plate, and automatically attaching the films to the two sides of the polar plate group.
15. The device also comprises a positioning device for aligning each polar plate of the polar plate group.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a stacking apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an inner dial;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view at FIG. 2E;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the side of the example 1 near the feeding device;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of FIG. 4 in another orientation;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged detail view of FIG. 4A;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged detail view of FIG. 4B;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged detail view of FIG. 5C;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of FIG. 5 in another orientation;
fig. 10 is an enlarged detail view of fig. 9D.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of example 1;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a film application device;
FIG. 13 is a schematic of a feed apparatus;
FIG. 14 is an enlarged schematic view at FIG. 13A;
FIG. 15 is an enlarged schematic view at FIG. 13B;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a membrane installation.
In the figure:
1. a feeding device, 14, a positive plate feeding device, 15, a negative plate feeding device, 11, a conveying frame, 111, a powder filtering hole, 12, a chain, 13, a pressing block, 131, a pressing plate inclined plane, 2, a transferring device, 21, a turntable, 22, a hinge shaft, 23, a slide block, 24, a moving frame, 25, a suction cup, 26, a sensor, 27, a guide piece, a guide rail, 271, a translation section, 272, a turning section, 273, a translation section, 3, a conveying device, 31, a conveying frame, 32, a middle seam, 33, a conveying chain, 34, a pushing head, 341, a front plane, 4, a paper feeding device, 41, a paper spreader, 42, a cutting knife, 43, a pressing wheel, 5, a stacking device, 51, an outer turntable, 52, a rotating disc, 521, a connecting disc, 522, a rotating disc, 5221, an outer connecting block, 523, a rotating shaft, 524, a ratchet wheel, 53, an outer transmission, 54, an inner transmission, 55, a pushing sheet, 551 and a flat stacking part, 552. a connecting part, 553, an upper limiting sheet, 554, a lower hinged part, 6, a feeding device, 61, a feeding clamp, 611, a side clamping frame, 612, an upper clamping frame, 62, a feeding storage area, 63, a feeding suction device, 631, a first cylinder, 632, a suction device, 64, a pushing device, 641, a second cylinder, 642, a pushing plate, 65, a transfer frame, 66, a lower seam, 7, a film feeding device, 71, a film releasing cylinder, 72, a film pressing roller, 73, a film cutting knife, 74, an outlet, 8, a finished product outlet, 81, an outlet track, 82, a pushing device, 9, a film pasting device, 91, a shaping device, a film passing seam, 911, a guiding flat seam, 912, an upper pasting seam, 913, a transition flat seam, 914, a lower pasting seam, 915, a bottom seam, 92, a hot pressing device, 921, a hot pressing plate, 922, a push plate, 93, a positioning device, 931, a pushing piece, 932, a side positioning piece, 933 and a guide plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.
Example 1, as shown in fig. 4, a feeding device 1 was provided, and the feeding device 1 included two parts, a positive electrode plate feeding device 14 and a negative electrode plate feeding device 15, for placing a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate, respectively. The specific structure of each feeding device is shown in fig. 6, and the feeding device comprises a conveying frame 11, and the conveying frame 11 is provided with a powder filtering hole 111 for shaking off lead powder, so that the cleanness of the equipment and the polar plate is improved. The conveying frame 11 is provided with a chain 12, and the chain 12 is driven by a driving member such as a sprocket to move. And a plurality of plates are stacked and placed on the chain 12 and are driven to advance. Preferably, the chain 12 is a metal chain, the pressing block 13 is placed on the metal chain, and the bottom of the pressing block 13 is magnetic, so that the pressing block can be easily adsorbed on the chain 12 and is convenient to move and operate. The function of the press block 13 is to provide a rest for the stacked plates, which rest on the press block 13, and which do not lie horizontally, but rather stand approximately in a vertical plane. In addition, in order to increase the standing stability of the pole plate, one side of the pressing block 13, namely the side contacting with the pole plate, is an inclined plane 131 of the pressing block, and the pole plate leans against the pressing block 13 in an inclined mode and forms a certain angle with the horizontal plane.
An inductor can be arranged on the feeding device 1, particularly at a position close to the main frame, and is used for inducing whether polar plates exist at the position or not, and if the polar plates do not exist at the position, the chain 12 can be controlled to rotate to drive the polar plates to be transmitted to a specified position.
After the transfer to the designated position, the transfer device 2 is required to be operated. As shown in fig. 5, the transfer device is located above the main chassis, and also above the conveyor 3. The feeding device 1 is arranged at the side of the main frame, and the transfer device 2 is used for transferring the polar plates from the feeding device 1 to the conveying device 3. Because there are two sets of feeders, namely positive plate feeder 14 and negative plate feeder 15, each set of feeders is individually provided with one set of transfer device 2.
As shown in fig. 8, fig. 8 shows a specific structure of the transfer device 2. Under the drive of a motor and a chain, the rotary disc 21 is driven to rotate, a hinge shaft 22 is hinged on the rotary disc 21, and the other end of the hinge shaft 22 is hinged with the sliding block 23. Under the continuous rotation of the rotary disc 21, the slide block 23 will move back and forth continuously in the horizontal direction, and the sliding stroke of the slide block 23 in the horizontal direction is fixed due to the fixed diameter of the rotary disc 21. The slide block 23 is connected with a moving frame 24, the moving frame 24 is connected with a sucking disc 25, so that the sucking disc is driven to be close to the feeding device 1, adsorb polar plates, be far away from the feeding device 1, be close to the conveying device 3, put down the polar plates and reciprocate circularly.
Preferably, the guide 27 is specially provided considering the angle of the polar plate, since the polar plate is horizontally placed when the polar plate is placed on the conveying device 3, and the polar plate is vertically placed when the polar plate is still on the feeding device 1, the inclination angle is related to the inclined plane 131 of the pressing plate on the pressing block 13. When the suction cup contacts the plate, it is preferable to vertically contact the plate for better suction effect, so that the guide 27 is required for the angle adjustment of the whole suction cup 25.
The guide member 27 is provided with a guide rail, and the movable frame 24 can be fixed by a two-point type connection. One of the points is hinged with the sliding block 23, and the other point can slide in the guide track, and since the sliding block 23 can set the sliding path to be horizontal, when the height of the guide track changes, the moving frame 24 can rotate, thereby changing the extending angle of the suction cup 25.
In particular, the guide track has three strokes, the section of translation 271 closest to the conveyor 3 can be arranged horizontally, mainly to adjust the horizontal position of the suction cup 25 with respect to the conveyor 3, and when sliding to the extreme end of the section of translation 271, i.e. the position furthest from the feeder 1, the suction cup should extend in the vertical direction. When the movable frame 24 moves to the next stage, i.e., the turning stage 272, the suction cups 25 are not extended vertically any more, but start to gradually lift and rotate to incline. The turning section 272 is connected to the one translational section 271 and is gradually raised in a direction close to the feeder 1, and at the other end of the turning section 272, in a direction close to the feeder 1, there is provided a horizontally extending two translational section 273. when the moving frame 24 is moved in this section, the angle of the suction cup 25 has been adjusted, and has been inclined so as to be close to the plate.
In addition, a sensor 26 may be provided near the translation section 271, and when the sensor 26 senses that the moving frame 24 slides above the conveyor 3, the suction cup 25 may be controlled to release the plate, and the plate falls on the conveyor 3.
The transfer device 3, as shown in fig. 5 and 7: a conveying frame 31 is arranged at the middle position on the main frame, and the pole plate falls on the conveying frame 31. The middle part of the conveying frame 31 is provided with a conveying chain 33, the conveying chain 33 is connected with a convex pushing head 34, the conveying chain 33 moves under the action of a motor and a chain wheel to drive the pushing head 34 to move, and the pushing head 34 pushes the pole plate to move forwards.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the positive electrode plate supply device 14 and the negative electrode plate supply device 15 are provided at different positions in the conveying direction with respect to the conveying direction of the plates by the conveying device 3. Between the positive plate supply device 14 and the negative plate supply device 15, a wrapping device is provided, i.e. wrapping the positive plates. In a complete automatic process, the positive plates are transferred by the transfer device 2 from the positive plate supply device 14 to the transfer device 3, then the positive plates are automatically packaged and processed, and then transferred forward, and the negative plates are transferred by the transfer device 2 above the transferred positive plates, and are stacked with the packaged and processed positive plates and transferred forward in a unit.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, a feeding device 4 is further included, the feeding device 4 being disposed at a position above the transfer device 3 and between the positive electrode plate supply device 14 and the negative electrode plate supply device 15 as viewed in the transfer direction. In operation, the positive plates are first transferred on the positive plate feeder 14, via the transfer device 2, to the transfer device 3. Is pushed forward by the pushing head 34 and passes through the paper feeding device 4. The paper feeding device 4 is provided with a paper spreader 41 at a high position. The specific structure of the spreader 41 may be a spreader roll on which the separator paper is wound, and the spreader roll is rotated by a device such as a motor, and the separator paper is spread to extend downward. A cutter 42 is provided at a lower position, and the cutter 42 is also moved laterally by a device such as a motor to cut the separator paper. Afterwards, the positive plate that is being decided just is wrapping the forward is continuing forward to be located pinch roller 43 below, the positive plate that is wrapping the partition paper just is located between pinch roller 43 and conveyer 3, after the partition paper was pressed by pinch roller 43, more wraps up on the positive plate with laminating. Thereafter, the forward feed is continued, and the negative plates are moved from the negative plate supply 15 by the corresponding transfer device 2 to the positive plates already wrapped with separator paper, forming a group of units.
After the above process is completed, the plates are transported to the stacking device 5 in a unit. As shown in fig. 1, the outer turntable 51 is a large-sized tray, and starts to rotate under the action of the outer transmission 53. Specifically, the driving assembly may be a motor, a chain wheel, or a chain, and drives a shaft connected to the outer turntable 51, so as to drive the outer turntable 51 to rotate. The outer turntable 51 is provided with a plurality of inner turntables 52, the inner turntables 52 can rotate relative to the outer turntable 51, and the specific number of the inner turntables 52 can be adjusted according to practical situations, for example, 4, 5, 6, and are uniformly distributed on the outer turntable 51. The inner rotary disk 52 adopts a single set of transmission device, namely an inner transmission 54. the structure of the inner transmission 54 and the structure of the outer transmission 53 can be the same, but because the separate transmission and drive are adopted, the inner rotary disk 52 and the outer rotary disk 53 can rotate relatively and independently. The outer rotating disk 51 may be two pieces, and the inner rotating disk 52 is provided at the same position of each outer rotating disk 51 and stands opposite to each other. Each inner rotary disc 52 is provided with a plurality of push pieces 55, and the push pieces 55 serve as units for pushing up the pole plates. The plate unit is conveyed to a position close to the stacking device 5, the outer rotating disc 51 rotates to drive the pushing sheet 55 to push up the plate unit and rotate to the other end of the outer rotating disc 51, and in the process, the inner rotating disc 52 rotates relative to the outer rotating disc 51 and does not rotate relative to the ground and always extends in the horizontal direction, so that the plate unit is always kept horizontal, the plate unit is prevented from falling off, and the conveying is stable. And then conveyed to the other end to reach the station of the plate outlet unit.
The push piece 55 can be extended and retracted relative to the inner rotary disc 52, when the pole plate unit is conveyed, the push piece 55 extends outwards, and when the pole plate unit reaches the pole plate outlet station, the push piece 55 retracts inwards, and the pole plate unit is automatically placed on the station. With the continuous rotation of outer turntable 51, the plate units are stacked one by one on the station. A sensor or a counter may be provided at a certain position to count the number of inner rotary discs 52 passing through the position, so that the number of stacked plate units can be controlled, and when the number reaches a preset value, for example, 3 or 4 sets, the system can convey the plate units at the plate unit outlet station away, thereby realizing automatic stacking of the plate units.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, fig. 2 and 3 show specific structures of the inner dial 52 and the push piece 55. Wherein the connecting plate 521 is fixedly connected to the outer rotating plate 51, and can be fixed by a fixing member such as a bolt or a screw. The rotating disc 522 is connected with a rotating shaft 523, the rotating shaft 523 can rotate relative to the connecting disc 521, the end of the rotating shaft 523 is connected with a ratchet wheel 524, the ratchet wheel 524 is connected with the internal transmission 54, and all the push plates 55 are connected with the rotating disc 522. Thus, the angle of the pushing piece 55 is kept constant with the ground when the outer rotating disc 51 rotates.
As shown in fig. 3, an outer connecting block 5221 is provided on the rear surface of the rotary disk 522, i.e., a surface adjacent to the connecting disk 521, a plurality of push plates 55 are hinged to the outer connecting block 5221 by a lower hinge portion 554 such that the push plates 55 can be rotated to thereby be extended and retracted with respect to the inner rotary disk 52. In the working state, the pushing plate 55 is rotated outwards under the influence of its own weight, at this time, the upper limiting plate 553 abuts against the back of the rotating disc 522 to perform rotation limiting, at this time, the flat stacking part 551 extends in the horizontal direction right, and the plate unit is erected in the horizontal direction. When the outer turntable 51 rotates and the plate unit approaches the station of the plate unit, a fixing frame may be provided at the station to abut against the stack 55. When the stacking portion 551 contacts the fixing frame from bottom to top as shown in fig. 3, an inclined surface may be disposed below the stacking portion 551, so that the entire stacking piece 55 rotates downward against the fixing frame, and in order to avoid the excessive rotation of the stacking piece 55, a convex portion, such as an arc portion, is disposed in front of the lower hinge portion 554, and the convex portion will contact the back of the rotating disc 522 when the stacking piece 55 rotates, thereby completing the limiting.
In actual production, the combination specification of the pole plates before coating is usually three positive four negative or four positive five negative, namely a negative plate needs to be supplemented on the stacked pole plate combination set, and the supplementing device 6 is used at the moment.
As shown in fig. 13, 14 and 15, the stacked electrode plate assembly, hereinafter referred to as assembly, is inserted into the material clip 61 from the conveying frame 31, and the material clip is used to shape and gather the assembly which is originally loose, so that the assembly is more closely attached to each other. The clip 61 includes a side clip frame 611 and an upper clip frame 612, which are folded and integrated from the side and the upper side, respectively.
The negative plates are all placed on a feeding material storage area 62 and are transferred by a feeding material suction device 63. Specifically, the first air cylinder 631 is included, the first air cylinder 631 drives the material suction member 632 to move, the moving direction can be perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveying device 3, and the material suction member 632 can also include a suction cup, and the suction cup is used for sucking the negative plate from the material supplement storage area 62 to the middle transfer rack 65. The centering frame 65 is in the horizontal direction, and the plates are often stacked obliquely in the feed material storage area 62, so that the angle of the suction cup needs to be adjusted by rotation for better adsorption effect and release effect. Specifically, the suction member 632 and the cylinder 631 may be hinged to each other, so as to adjust the extension angle of the suction cup.
After the negative plates are placed on the transfer frame 65 by the suction cups, the negative plates are pushed forwards by the pushing piece 64. The second cylinder 641 may extend parallel to the first cylinder 631, i.e., the direction in which the material pushing plate 642 pushes the negative plate is perpendicular to the direction of the conveying device 3. The negative plates are pushed by the pusher plate 642 over the lower seam 66 from the transfer frame 65 onto the conveyor 3, in particular under the pack, and then advanced by the conveyor 3. The combination set at this moment, in the process, all positive plate package paper has been accomplished, in quantity, possess the correct three positive four negative or four positive five negative order, in the sequencing, also positive and negative superpose in proper order, full automation need not too much manual intervention, and is efficient, is difficult to make mistakes.
As shown in fig. 16, the film cylinder is initially placed on the film-stretching cylinder 71, the film-stretching cylinder 71 is slowly unfolded, the film enters the film-pressing rollers 72 from the film-stretching cylinder 71, the two film-pressing rollers 72 can be arranged oppositely, the film is continuously conveyed downwards from the gaps in the two film-pressing rollers 72, the film-pressing rollers 72 are driven by an external motor to rotate, and then the film is cut by the lower film-cutting knife 73. The cut film is covered on the assembly set conveyed to the cutting machine, and wrapped and covered. Preferably, a negative pressure membrane sucking device is arranged at a position close to the outlet 74, and negative pressure separation is adopted to suck the originally fluffy membrane near the outlet 74, so that the attaching degree of the electrode plate assembly is increased.
The combined set exits through outlet 74 in a state where the combined set is covered with the membrane, but the membrane is also relatively loose and does not conform closely to the combined set.
As shown in fig. 12, the combined assembly with the film continues to be conveyed and advanced by the conveyor 3. Herein, the membrane of the upper half of the assembly is referred to as an upper membrane, and the membrane of the lower half is referred to as a lower membrane. The upper film passes through the guide flat seam 911, extends horizontally, and then enters the upper attachment seam 912. The upper attachment slit 912 is inclined downward in the direction of conveyance, and this inclination gradually guides the upper film to be folded downward and attached to the side of the assembly set. The lower film runs in this section all the way in the lower bottom seam 915, through the transition flat seam 913 and into the lower welt 914, the lower welt 914 is inclined in the opposite direction to the upper welt 912 and is gradually raised in the direction of transport, so that the lower film is gradually folded upwards and applied to the side edges of the combined set. Lead to the membrane seam all to have in both sides, so the membrane on combination collection both sides is all wrapped up folding completion, gets into hot press unit 92 afterwards, and hot pressboard 921 possesses certain temperature, is close to the combination collection by push pedal 922 drive to all carry out the hot pressing with the just good membrane of folding in combination collection both sides, the hot pressing is fixed on the combination collection.
Because the combined set is formed by combining a plurality of polar plates, the polar plates are slightly irregular, and then enter the positioning device 93, the combined set after hot pressing is finished is pushed to a position close to the side positioning piece 932 by the pushing-out piece 931 and then pushed out by the side positioning piece 932, and the combined set is pressed by the guide plate 933, so that the polar plates of the combined set are ordered.

Claims (9)

1. A kind of envelope covering machine, include the main frame and establish on said main frame and used for conveying the conveyer (3) of the polar plate, characterized by that: the device comprises a conveying device (3), a feeding device (1) for placing polar plates, a transferring device (2) for transferring the polar plates from the feeding device to the conveying device (3), a paper feeding device (4) for wrapping the polar plates with partition paper, a stacking device (5) for stacking the polar plates with wrapped edges, a material supplementing device (6) for supplementing the stacked polar plates, a film feeding device (7) for coating the supplemented polar plates and a film pasting device (9) for shaping and hot-pressing films on the polar plates, wherein the feeding device (1) comprises a positive plate feeding device (14) and a negative plate feeding device (15), the negative plate feeding device (15) is closer to the stacking device (5), and the paper feeding device (4) is positioned between the positive plate feeding device (14) and the negative plate feeding device (15); a negative plate is arranged on the feeding device (6); the positive plate feeding device (14) and the negative plate feeding device (15) both comprise a conveying frame (11) extending in the horizontal direction, powder filtering holes (111) are formed in the conveying frame (11), a chain (12) used for driving the polar plates to advance is arranged on the conveying frame (11), a pressing block (13) with magnetic bottom is placed on the chain, and the pressing block (13) is obliquely arranged and used for pressing the polar plates to lean against plate inclined surfaces (131); the transfer device (2) comprises a sucker (25), and when the sucker (25) sucks the polar plate, the extending direction of the polar plate is vertical to the extending direction of the polar plate; the positive plate supply device (14) and the negative plate supply device (15) are respectively provided with the transfer device (2), positive plates are transferred to the conveying device (3), and negative plates are transferred to the upper surfaces of the positive plates coated with the separator paper to be overlapped to form a group of plate units.
2. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 1, wherein: the transfer device (2) comprises a sliding block (23) capable of moving relative to the main frame, the sliding block (23) is connected with a sucking disc (25) and drives the sucking disc (25) to be close to or far away from the feeding device (1), the transfer device (2) further comprises a rotary disc (21) capable of being driven to rotate and a hinge shaft (22) with one end hinged to the rotary disc (21) and the other end hinged to the sliding block (23).
3. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 2, wherein: slider (23) articulate has and moves frame (24), sucking disc (25) fixed connection be in on moving frame (24), still include guide (27), be equipped with the guide track on guide (27), move frame (24) can be according to the guide track slides, the guide track contains at one section (271) of translation that the horizontal direction extends, extend and highly be higher than at the horizontal direction translation two-section (273) of one section (271) of translation and connect one section (271) of translation with turn to section (272) of two sections (273) of translation, translation two-section (273) are the closest to feedway (1).
4. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 1, wherein: the plate stacking device (5) comprises a push piece (55) for placing a polar plate, an outer rotating disc (51), an inner rotating disc (52) arranged on the outer rotating disc (51), an outer transmission (53) for driving the outer rotating disc (51) to rotate and an inner transmission (54) for driving the inner rotating disc (52) to rotate, wherein the push piece (55) is arranged on the inner rotating disc (52) and can stretch relative to the disc surface of the inner rotating disc (52), and the inner rotating disc (52) can rotate relative to the outer rotating disc (51).
5. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 4, wherein: when the outer rotary disc (51) rotates, the push sheet (55) on the inner rotary disc (52) always keeps placing the polar plate in the horizontal direction.
6. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 5, wherein: the inner rotating disc (52) comprises a connecting disc (521) used for being fixed with the outer rotating disc (51) and a rotating disc (522) rotatably connected with the connecting disc (521), the push sheet (55) is arranged on the rotating disc (522), a rotating shaft (523) is arranged on the rotating disc (522), a ratchet wheel (524) is arranged on the rotating shaft (523), the ratchet wheel (524) is connected with the inner transmission (54), and the connecting disc (521) is embedded into the outer rotating disc (51).
7. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 6, wherein: one side of the rotating disc (522) close to the connecting disc (521) is provided with an outer connecting block (5221), the rotating disc (522) is further provided with a through groove for the push sheet (55) to pass through, the push sheet (55) is provided with a lower hinge portion (554) hinged with the outer connecting block (5221) and a flat stacking portion (551) used for placing pole plates, the flat stacking portion (551) is connected with a connecting portion (552) penetrating through the through groove, the connecting portion (552) is provided with an upper limiting sheet (553) used for abutting against the disc surface of the connecting disc (521) to complete limiting, and the lower hinge portion (554) is provided with an outer convex portion abutting against the connecting disc (521) to complete limiting in the other direction.
8. A wrapping and taping machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7, characterised in that: the film sticking device (9) comprises a shaping device (91) for shaping the film on the polar plate and a hot-pressing device (92) for hot-pressing the shaped film, wherein the shaping device (91) comprises shaping plates positioned on two sides of the conveying device (3) and a film passing seam which is arranged on the shaping plates and is used for the film to pass through, and the film passing seam is obliquely arranged.
9. The film wrapping and taping machine of claim 8, wherein: the film passing seam comprises an upper attaching seam (912) located above and used for shaping and attaching the film on the upper half part of the polar plate and a lower attaching seam (914) located below and used for shaping and attaching the film on the lower half part of the polar plate, the upper attaching seam (912) gradually inclines downwards according to the conveying direction of the conveying device (3), the lower attaching seam (914) gradually inclines upwards according to the conveying direction of the conveying device (3), the upper attaching seam (912) is in front, the lower attaching seam (914) is behind, and a bottom seam (915) for allowing the film on the lower half part of the polar plate to pass through is arranged below the upper attaching seam (912).
CN201710055866.6A 2017-01-25 2017-01-25 Film-coating covering machine Active CN106654345B (en)

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CN106743112A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-31 浙江海悦自动化机械股份有限公司 A kind of feeding device suitable for coating taping machine
CN106628840A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-10 浙江海悦自动化机械股份有限公司 Edge wrapping device suitable for film wrapping and edge wrapping machine
CN113410504A (en) * 2021-05-19 2021-09-17 长兴金润科技有限公司 Storage battery plate wrapping mechanism and automatic storage battery plate group wrapping production line

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