CN106642150A - Refuse combustion treatment system - Google Patents

Refuse combustion treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106642150A
CN106642150A CN201710024232.4A CN201710024232A CN106642150A CN 106642150 A CN106642150 A CN 106642150A CN 201710024232 A CN201710024232 A CN 201710024232A CN 106642150 A CN106642150 A CN 106642150A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
tube
cooling
blade
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710024232.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹文波
张文锐
魏凌敏
舒志强
唐武才
李启仁
李文龙
郎志中
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Weiming Dinghe Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Weiming Dinghe Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Weiming Dinghe Environmental Protection Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Weiming Dinghe Environmental Protection Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710024232.4A priority Critical patent/CN106642150A/en
Publication of CN106642150A publication Critical patent/CN106642150A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • F23G5/14Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion
    • F23G5/16Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion in a separate combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/103Combustion in two or more stages in separate chambers

Abstract

The invention discloses a refuse combustion treatment system which comprises a combustion furnace, a feeding mechanism, an air suction pipe, a first connecting pipe, a second connecting pipe, a third connecting pipe, a first suction blower, a second suction blower, a box and a plurality of cooling pipes, wherein a first cavity, a second cavity and a buffer cavity are formed in the combustion furnace; a feeding hole is formed in the top wall of the combustion furnace; a connecting hole for connecting the first cavity and the second cavity are formed in the combustion furnace; the feeding mechanism is used for moving refuse in the first cavity to the second cavity by penetrating into the connecting hole; the air suction pipe is arranged in the first cavity and is arranged in the vertical direction; an air suction hole is formed in the air suction pipe; the air suction pipe is connected with the second cavity through the first connecting pipe; the first suction blower is mounted on the first connecting pipe; the first end of the second connecting pipe is positioned in the second cavity; and the second end of the second connecting pipe is positioned in the buffer cavity.

Description

A kind of incineration firing processing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment, more particularly to a kind of incineration firing processing system.
Background technology
Garbage disposal problem is always whole world focus of attention, and traditional trash processing way mainly has landfill and burns Two ways, processing rubbish using filling type can cause the waste of a large amount of land resources, meanwhile, the pollution of environment is will also result in, Now this mode is gradually eliminated;Garbage disposal is carried out by the way of burning, burning can not only be recycled and produced Heat, additionally it is possible to the contaminative flue gas to producing in burning process carries out filtration treatment, it is to avoid pollution environment and air.
In the patent applied before applicant, application number:Disclose one kind in 201620218250.7 to burn for rubbish Burn the equipment for processing, including shell body, inner housing, multiple discharging mechanisms, drive mechanism;Inner housing is placed in the inner side of shell body, Combustion chamber is provided with inside inner housing, the bottom of shell body is provided with side by side multiple storage slag chambers, and multiple storage slag chambers connect with combustion chamber, Two slag notches are equipped with the diapire in each storage slag chamber, in each storage slag chamber discharging mechanism is mounted on;Discharging mechanism includes installing Frame, rotary shaft, two blades, rotary shaft is horizontally disposed with, and rotary shaft is rotatably installed on installing rack, the equal curl of two blades Install on the rotating shaft, two blades are sequentially distributed along the length direction of rotary shaft, two blades it is oppositely oriented;Drive mechanism For driving rotary shaft to rotate.Applicant when in use, due to burning only in inner housing in rubbish, is burnt insufficient, and not Vent gas treatment can be carried out, is further improved.
The content of the invention
In order to solve technical problem present in background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of incineration firing processing system, effect It is really good.
A kind of incineration firing processing system, including combustion furnace, feed mechanism, air intake duct, the first connecting tube, the second connection Pipe, the 3rd connecting tube, the first induced-draught fan, the second induced-draught fan, casing, multiple cooling tubes;
First chamber, second chamber, cushion chamber are provided with combustion furnace, the roof of combustion furnace is provided with charging hole, combustion furnace It is provided with the connecting hole for connecting first chamber and second chamber;
Feed mechanism is used to the rubbish in first chamber is moved in second chamber through connecting hole;
Air intake duct is placed in first chamber, and air intake duct is arranged in a vertical direction, and air intake duct is provided with suction hole, and air intake duct leads to Cross the first connecting tube to be connected with second chamber;First induced-draught fan is arranged in the first connecting tube;
The first end of the second connecting tube is placed in second chamber, and the second end of the second connecting tube is placed in cushion chamber;
Casing is provided with air admission hole, venthole, and air admission hole is connected by the 3rd connecting tube with cushion chamber;Second induced-draught fan is pacified It is mounted in the 3rd connecting tube;Multiple cooling tubes are placed in casing, and multiple cooling tubes are sequentially distributed, and multiple cooling tubes connect successively Connect, wherein, first cooling tube is connected with air admission hole, and last cooling tube is connected with venthole.
Preferably, also including the first dividing plate, second partition, oxygen tank, air accumulator, the first dividing plate, second partition are placed in It is sequentially distributed in casing and from top to down, the first dividing plate, second partition and casing enclose cooling space;Each cooling tube is extremely Small part region is placed in cooling space;Oxygen tank, air accumulator are connected with cooling space.
Preferably, also including air supply pipe, valve, air accumulator is connected by air supply pipe with second chamber;Valve is arranged on and supplies On tracheae.
Preferably, each cooling tube is arranged in a vertical direction;The bottom of casing be provided with liquid storage cylinder and be connected with liquid storage cylinder and Closable sediment flushing outlet, liquid storage cylinder is placed in the lower section in cooling space;
Also include multiple drainpipes, multiple drainpipes and multiple cooling tubes are corresponded and arranged, the top of drainpipe with it is cold But pipe connection, the bottom of drainpipe is placed in liquid storage cylinder.
Preferably, also including multiple sprinkler pipes, water pump, multiple sprinkler pipes are respectively placed in multiple cooling tubes, multiple waterings Guan Junyu water pumps connect.
Preferably, feed mechanism includes support shaft, blade, power unit, and support shaft is horizontally rotated on combustion furnace; Blade is placed in the inner side of connecting hole, and blade curl distribution, the first end of blade is placed in first chamber, the second end of blade It is placed in second chamber, blade is connected with support shaft;Power unit is used to drive support shaft to rotate.
Preferably, the pitch of blade gradually increases from first chamber to the direction of second chamber.
Preferably, blade has pressure surface, and pressure surface is provided with multiple projections, raised a diameter of 1-5mm.
In the present invention, if allowing rubbish to burn all in first chamber, incineration firing is insufficient, containing big in high-temperature tail gas The fuel gas of amount;Therefore, first allow rubbish that primary combustion is carried out in first chamber, then, will be passed through using feed mechanism The rubbish of primary combustion is pushed in second chamber, allows it fully to burn in second chamber, in the high-temperature tail gas for so being formed Substantially without fuel gas, without pernicious gas;
Contain fuel gas in the gas formed in first chamber, using the first connecting tube, the second connecting tube, the first air draught These gases are sent in second chamber and are burnt by machine, it is also possible to the rubbish in second chamber is carried out combustion-supporting.
The tail gas that burning is formed in second chamber is entered in baffle-box through the 3rd connecting tube, and the dust in tail gas is in buffering Deposition in case.
In the presence of the second induced-draught fan, the gas in baffle-box is entered in cooling tube through air admission hole, and gas is multiple Move successively in cooling tube, gas is gradually cooled down, then discharge through venthole.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the result schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the application can phase Mutual combination;Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments the present invention is elaborated.
With reference to Fig. 1:
A kind of incineration firing processing system proposed by the present invention, including combustion furnace 1, feed mechanism, air intake duct 2, first company Adapter 3, the second connecting tube 4, the 3rd connecting tube 5, the first induced-draught fan 6, the second induced-draught fan 7, casing 8, multiple cooling tubes 9.
First chamber, second chamber, cushion chamber are provided with combustion furnace 1, the roof of combustion furnace 1 is provided with charging hole, burning Stove 1 is provided with the connecting hole 10 for connecting first chamber and second chamber.
Feed mechanism is used to the rubbish in first chamber is moved in second chamber through connecting hole 10.
Air intake duct 2 is placed in first chamber, and air intake duct 2 is arranged in a vertical direction, and air intake duct 2 is provided with suction hole, air-breathing Pipe 2 is connected by the first connecting tube 3 with second chamber;First induced-draught fan 6 is arranged in the first connecting tube 3.
The first end of the second connecting tube 4 is placed in second chamber, and the second end of the second connecting tube 4 is placed in cushion chamber;
Casing 8 is provided with air admission hole 11, venthole 12, and air admission hole 11 is connected by the 3rd connecting tube 5 with cushion chamber;Second Induced-draught fan 7 is arranged in the 3rd connecting tube 5;Multiple cooling tubes 9 are placed in casing 8, and multiple cooling tubes 9 are sequentially distributed, multiple Cooling tube 9 is sequentially connected, wherein, first cooling tube 9 is connected with air admission hole 11, and last cooling tube 9 connects with venthole 12 Connect.
The present embodiment also includes the first dividing plate 13, second partition 14, oxygen tank 15, air accumulator 16, the first dividing plate 13, second Dividing plate 14 is placed in casing 8 and is sequentially distributed from top to down, and the first dividing plate 13, second partition 14 and casing 8 enclose cooling Space;At least part of region of each cooling tube 9 is placed in cooling space;Oxygen tank 15, air accumulator 16 connect with cooling space Connect;Oxygen is passed through into cooling space using oxygen tank 15, cooling tube 9 is lowered the temperature using oxygen, and then tail gas is lowered the temperature.
The present embodiment also includes air supply pipe 17, valve 18, and air accumulator 16 is connected by air supply pipe 17 with second chamber;Valve 18 are arranged on air supply pipe 17;It is passed through oxygen into second chamber to promote incineration firing using air accumulator 16.
In the present embodiment, each cooling tube 9 is arranged in a vertical direction;The bottom of casing 8 is provided with liquid storage cylinder 19 and and liquid storage Chamber 19 connects and closable sediment flushing outlet, and liquid storage cylinder 19 is placed in the lower section in cooling space.
The present embodiment also includes multiple drainpipes 20, and multiple drainpipes 20 are corresponded with multiple cooling tubes 9 and arranged, draining The top of pipe 20 is connected with cooling tube 9, and the bottom of drainpipe 20 is placed in liquid storage cylinder 19;Liquid in cooling tube 9 is through draining Pipe 20 is entered in liquid storage cylinder 19.
The present embodiment also includes multiple sprinkler pipes 21, water pump 22, and multiple sprinkler pipes 21 are respectively placed in multiple cooling tubes 9, Multiple sprinkler pipes 21 are connected with water pump 22;Water is passed through into cooling tube 9 using water pump 22, sprinkler pipe 21, tail gas is dropped Warm dedusting.
In the present embodiment, feed mechanism includes support shaft 23, blade 24, power unit 25, and support shaft 23 horizontally rotates peace It is mounted on combustion furnace 1;Blade 24 is placed in the inner side of connecting hole 10, and the curl of blade 24 distribution, the first end of blade 24 is placed in In first chamber, the second end of blade 24 is placed in second chamber, and blade 24 is connected with support shaft 23;Power unit 25 is used to drive Dynamic support shaft 23 is rotated;Drive blade 24 to rotate using power unit 25, support shaft 23, using blade 24 rubbish, blade are transmitted 24 curls are distributed, and rubbish will not be wrapped on blade 24, and feeding is convenient.
In the present embodiment, the pitch of blade 24 gradually increases from first chamber to the direction of second chamber;By so setting Meter, can be prevented effectively from rubbish blocking, deposition, can effective loose metal, raising feeding efficiency.
In the present embodiment, blade 24 has pressure surface, and pressure surface is provided with multiple projections, raised a diameter of 1-5mm;Keep away Exempt from rubbish to be bonded on pressure surface, be easy to rubbish to separate with pressure surface, improve transmission rubbish effect.
If allowing rubbish to burn all in first chamber, incineration firing is insufficient, containing substantial amounts of flammable in high-temperature tail gas Gas;Therefore, first allow rubbish that primary combustion is carried out in first chamber, then, primary combustion will be passed through using feed mechanism Rubbish be pushed in second chamber, allow it fully to burn in second chamber, so formed high-temperature tail gas in do not have substantially Fuel gas, without pernicious gas;
Contain fuel gas in the gas formed in first chamber, using the first connecting tube, the second connecting tube, the first air draught These gases are sent in second chamber and are burnt by machine, it is also possible to the rubbish in second chamber is carried out combustion-supporting.
The tail gas that burning is formed in second chamber is entered in baffle-box through the 3rd connecting tube, and the dust in tail gas is in buffering Deposition in case.
In the presence of the second induced-draught fan, the gas in baffle-box is entered in cooling tube through air admission hole, and gas is multiple Move successively in cooling tube, gas is gradually cooled down, then discharge through venthole.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of incineration firing processing system, it is characterised in that including combustion furnace, feed mechanism, air intake duct, the first connecting tube, Second connecting tube, the 3rd connecting tube, the first induced-draught fan, the second induced-draught fan, casing, multiple cooling tubes;
First chamber, second chamber, cushion chamber are provided with combustion furnace, the roof of combustion furnace is provided with charging hole, sets on combustion furnace There is the connecting hole for connecting first chamber and second chamber;
Feed mechanism is used to the rubbish in first chamber is moved in second chamber through connecting hole;
Air intake duct is placed in first chamber, and air intake duct is arranged in a vertical direction, and air intake duct is provided with suction hole, and air intake duct is by the One connecting tube is connected with second chamber;First induced-draught fan is arranged in the first connecting tube;
The first end of the second connecting tube is placed in second chamber, and the second end of the second connecting tube is placed in cushion chamber;
Casing is provided with air admission hole, venthole, and air admission hole is connected by the 3rd connecting tube with cushion chamber;Second induced-draught fan is arranged on In 3rd connecting tube;Multiple cooling tubes are placed in casing, and multiple cooling tubes are sequentially distributed, and multiple cooling tubes are sequentially connected, its In, first cooling tube is connected with air admission hole, and last cooling tube is connected with venthole.
2. incineration firing processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including the first dividing plate, second partition, Oxygen tank, air accumulator, the first dividing plate, second partition are placed in casing and are sequentially distributed from top to down, the first dividing plate, second every Plate and casing enclose cooling space;At least part of region of each cooling tube is placed in cooling space;Oxygen tank, air accumulator are equal It is connected with cooling space.
3. incineration firing processing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also including air supply pipe, valve, air accumulator It is connected with second chamber by air supply pipe;Valve is arranged on air supply pipe.
4. incineration firing processing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that each cooling tube vertically cloth Put;The bottom of casing is provided with liquid storage cylinder and is connected with liquid storage cylinder and closable sediment flushing outlet, and liquid storage cylinder is placed under cooling space Side;
Also include multiple drainpipes, multiple drainpipes correspond setting, the top of drainpipe and cooling tube with multiple cooling tubes Connection, the bottom of drainpipe is placed in liquid storage cylinder.
5. incineration firing processing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that many also including multiple sprinkler pipes, water pump Individual sprinkler pipe is respectively placed in multiple cooling tubes, and multiple sprinkler pipes are connected with water pump.
6. incineration firing processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that feed mechanism include support shaft, blade, Power unit, support shaft is horizontally rotated on combustion furnace;Blade is placed in the inner side of connecting hole, and blade curl is distributed, The first end of blade is placed in first chamber, and the second end of blade is placed in second chamber, and blade is connected with support shaft;Power list Unit is used to drive support shaft to rotate.
7. incineration firing processing system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the pitch of blade is from first chamber to The direction of two chambers gradually increases.
8. incineration firing processing system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that blade has pressure surface, on pressure surface It is provided with multiple projections, raised a diameter of 1-5mm.
CN201710024232.4A 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Refuse combustion treatment system Pending CN106642150A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710024232.4A CN106642150A (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Refuse combustion treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710024232.4A CN106642150A (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Refuse combustion treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106642150A true CN106642150A (en) 2017-05-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710024232.4A Pending CN106642150A (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Refuse combustion treatment system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106642150A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108709184A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-10-26 于大川 A kind of clinical waste environment-friendly processing unit

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2089969A (en) * 1980-12-19 1982-06-30 Godsal Alan Anthony Colleton Solid-fuel stoves
CN1114404A (en) * 1994-06-21 1996-01-03 长沙有色冶金设计研究院 Refuse incinerator
CN204665376U (en) * 2015-04-11 2015-09-23 李协庭 A kind of gas furnace with fin and baking box
CN206430157U (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-08-22 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of incineration firing processing system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2089969A (en) * 1980-12-19 1982-06-30 Godsal Alan Anthony Colleton Solid-fuel stoves
CN1114404A (en) * 1994-06-21 1996-01-03 长沙有色冶金设计研究院 Refuse incinerator
CN204665376U (en) * 2015-04-11 2015-09-23 李协庭 A kind of gas furnace with fin and baking box
CN206430157U (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-08-22 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of incineration firing processing system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108709184A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-10-26 于大川 A kind of clinical waste environment-friendly processing unit

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Application publication date: 20170510

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication