CN106637816B - Three-drum washing machine - Google Patents

Three-drum washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106637816B
CN106637816B CN201610718578.XA CN201610718578A CN106637816B CN 106637816 B CN106637816 B CN 106637816B CN 201610718578 A CN201610718578 A CN 201610718578A CN 106637816 B CN106637816 B CN 106637816B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
washing
tub
damper
drum
cylinder
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CN201610718578.XA
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CN106637816A (en
Inventor
李松辉
国强
石伟泽
高尚
段玉华
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Haixin (shandong) Refrigerator Co Ltd
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Haixin (shandong) Refrigerator Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610718578.XA priority Critical patent/CN106637816B/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F35/00Washing machines, apparatus, or methods not otherwise provided for
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F37/00Details specific to washing machines covered by groups D06F21/00 - D06F25/00
    • D06F37/02Rotary receptacles, e.g. drums

Abstract

The invention discloses a three-drum washing machine, and relates to the technical field of washing machines. The washing machine aims to solve the problems that the washing machine in the prior art cannot provide more detailed clothes classification washing, and water and electricity waste is easily caused when small clothes which are high in washing frequency and small in washing quantity per time are washed. The invention discloses a three-cylinder washing machine, which comprises a machine shell, wherein a washing cylinder assembly is arranged in the machine shell, the washing cylinder assembly comprises a lower washing cylinder and two upper washing cylinders which are arranged above the lower washing cylinder side by side, the lower washing cylinder and the two upper washing cylinders are both drum-type washing cylinders, and the capacity of the lower washing cylinder is larger than that of any one upper washing cylinder. The invention can be used for classified cleaning of clothes.

Description

Three-drum washing machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of washing machines, in particular to a three-drum washing machine.
Background
Today, the classified cleaning of clothes gradually comes into the demands of users, such as the classified cleaning of coats and undergarments, and clothes of children and adults. Therefore, people often want to have a large-capacity washing machine and a small-capacity washing machine, but due to the limitation of housing area, a plurality of washing machines cannot be bought, and therefore, the multi-drum washing machine is emerged. Generally, a multi-drum washing machine has a large-capacity washing machine, and the remaining drum has a smaller capacity.
One washing machine among the prior art is as shown in fig. 1 and 2, including shell frame 01, wash tub subassembly 02, four single damping bumper shock absorbers 03 and four string springs 04, wash tub subassembly 02 comprises last cylinder 021 and lower cylinder 022 of arranging from top to bottom, go up cylinder 021 and lower cylinder 022 through preceding connecting piece 023 and back connecting piece 024 fixed connection, the both ends of single damping bumper shock absorber 03 respectively with the urceolus of lower cylinder 022, the bottom of shell frame 01 is articulated, four single damping bumper shock absorbers 03 two bisymmetry sets up in the both sides of lower cylinder 022 urceolus.
In the process of implementing the above washing machine, the inventor finds that at least the following problems exist in the prior art: because the upper roller 021 and the lower roller 022 are arranged up and down and the volumes of the two rollers are not greatly different, the double-drum washing machine can realize certain classified washing of clothes, but is very inconvenient when a user needs to wash small clothes such as infant clothes, adult underwear, socks and the like, because the frequency of washing the clothes is high, the single washing quantity is small, and if the washing machine in the prior art is used for washing, the waste of water and electricity can be caused.
Disclosure of Invention
Embodiments of the present invention provide a three-tub washing machine that not only can implement more detailed laundry classification washing, but also can save water and electricity.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the embodiment of the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a three-cylinder washing machine comprises a machine shell, wherein a washing cylinder assembly is arranged in the machine shell, the washing cylinder assembly comprises a lower washing cylinder and two upper washing cylinders which are arranged above the lower washing cylinder side by side, the lower washing cylinder and the two upper washing cylinders are both drum-type washing cylinders, and the capacity of the lower washing cylinder is larger than that of any one upper washing cylinder.
Compared with the prior art, the three-drum washing machine provided by the embodiment of the invention has the following advantages: because two upper washing cylinders are arranged above the lower washing cylinder, and the capacity of the lower washing cylinder is larger than that of any one upper washing cylinder, large clothes with large single washing quantity can be put in the lower washing cylinder for washing, and small clothes with high washing frequency and small single washing quantity can be put in the two upper washing cylinders for washing, so that the more detailed classified washing of the clothes is realized, and water and electricity can be saved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view (front) of a prior art washing machine;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view (rear) of a prior art washing machine;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram (front) of a three-drum washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, with the cabinet removed;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view (rear) of a three-drum washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, with a cabinet removed;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a combined damper of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a main damper in a combined damper of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a connecting member in a combined damper of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an exploded view of another connection mode of the connecting member and the main and sub dampers in the combined damper of the three-tub washing machine according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a connecting member in another connection mode between the main damper and the auxiliary damper in the combined damper of the three-tub washing machine according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a flexible connecting member in a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a sectional view of the flexible connection member of the three-tub washing machine according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of another flexible connecting member in a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a top door assembly of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention 1;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a top door assembly of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged view of a portion of the motor output shaft and the hinge sleeve of the upper cover door assembly of the three-tub washing machine according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of an output shaft of a motor in a top door assembly of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is an enlarged view of a portion of the one-way damper and the hinge sleeve of the top door assembly of the three-tub washing machine according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic structural diagram of a top cover door assembly with a motor door opening assisting mechanism in a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a schematic structural diagram of a motor door opening assisting mechanism in a top door of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of another structure of a top door assembly of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, in which a motor drives the top door to rotate;
FIG. 22 is a sectional view of a transmission structure of a top door assembly of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, wherein a motor drives the top door to rotate;
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of a top cover door of a three-tub washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, which can be manually opened in a special case;
FIG. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of a detergent dispensing box of a three-drum washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 25 is a schematic structural view of a three-tub washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 26 is an internal structure view of a three-tub washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 27 is a schematic structural view of the inner side of a three-tub washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 28 is a schematic structural view of a detergent dispensing box of a three-tub washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 29 is a schematic structural view of a heating device in a detergent feeding box of a three-drum washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 30 is a schematic structural view of a heating device with a circulation pump in a detergent dispenser of a three-drum washing machine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 31 is a schematic structural view of the drain pipes of the upper and lower washing tubs in the three-tub washing machine according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
See fig. 3, 4, 5, 25, 26 and 27. The three-cylinder washing machine in the embodiment comprises a machine shell 1, wherein a washing cylinder assembly 2 is arranged in the machine shell 1, the washing cylinder assembly 2 comprises a lower washing cylinder 21 and two upper washing cylinders 22 which are arranged above the lower washing cylinder side by side, the lower washing cylinder 21 is a drum-type washing cylinder, and the capacity of the lower washing cylinder 21 is larger than that of any one upper washing cylinder 22.
According to the three-cylinder washing machine provided by the embodiment of the invention, as the two upper washing cylinders 22 are arranged above the lower washing cylinder 21 side by side, large clothes with large single washing quantity, such as bed sheets, coats, quilts and the like, can be put in the lower washing cylinder 21 for washing, and clothes with high washing frequency and small single washing quantity, such as socks, infant clothes, summer-worn short sleeves and the like, can be put in the two upper washing cylinders 22 for washing, so that more detailed clothes classification washing can be realized, and meanwhile, the volumes of the two upper washing cylinders 22 are relatively smaller, and water and electricity can be saved by using the two upper washing cylinders 22 to wash small clothes.
Example one
As shown in fig. 3, 4 and 5, in the present embodiment, the two upper washing drums 22 are both impeller type washing drums, so that the three-drum washing machine has the advantages of saving electricity and time, adding clothes at any time, and the like, and the advantages of water saving, small abrasion, high washing degree, and the like of the drum type washing machine, and is more convenient for a user to select which washing drum to wash according to conditions such as types of clothes, washing requirements, and the like.
This configuration results in the overall center of gravity of the tub assembly 2 being offset by the two upper washing tub 22 being disposed above the lower washing tub 21. Therefore, during operation, the local vibration above the two upper washing tubs 22 is large, and the collision with the cabinet 1 is easy. Therefore, it is preferable that the washing tub assembly 2 is supported on the bottom plate 11 of the cabinet 1 through at least one pair of combination dampers 3, and specifically, each combination damper 3 includes a main damper 31 and a sub damper 32, a first end of the main damper 31 is connected to the bottom plate 11 of the cabinet 1, a second end of the main damper 31 is connected to the lower washing tub 21, a first end of the sub damper 32 is connected to a middle portion of the main damper 31, and a second end of the sub damper 32 is connected to the lower washing tub 21.
In order to limit the left-right rotation swing of the washing cylinder assembly 2 around the connection point of the main damper 31 and the lower washing cylinder 21, an auxiliary damper 32 is connected to the main damper 31 to form a combined damper 3, wherein the first end of the auxiliary damper 32 is connected with the middle part of the main damper 31, and the second end is connected with the lower washing cylinder 21. When the washing cylinder assembly 2 rotates and swings around the connection point of the lower washing cylinder 21 and the main damper 31, the auxiliary damper 32 can limit the rotation and swing of the washing cylinder assembly 2 around the connection point of the auxiliary damper 32 and the lower washing cylinder 21 to a certain extent, so that the left-right rotation and swing amplitude of the washing cylinder assembly 2 can be greatly reduced, and the local vibration above the washing cylinder assembly 2 can be further reduced.
It should be noted that: the first end of the secondary absorber 32 is connected to the middle of the primary absorber 31, wherein the "middle" of the primary absorber 31 does not merely refer to the geometric center of the primary absorber 31, and the region between the two ends of the primary absorber 31 belongs to the middle of the primary absorber 31. In addition, the combined vibration absorber 3 may be applied not only to a three-tub washing machine having two upper washing tubs 22, but also to a multi-tub washing machine having at least one upper washing tub 22, wherein the number of the upper washing tubs 22 may be 1, 3, etc., and is not limited herein.
The shapes of the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 may be various, such as bell shape, cone shape, etc., and the shapes of the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 may also be rod shape, as shown in fig. 6. The rod shape facilitates its connection with other members, making the assembly and installation of the combined shock absorber 3 easier, compared to other shapes such as bell shape, cone shape, etc.
Further, a plurality of fixing connection manners may be selected between the secondary damper 32 and the primary damper 31, for example, the secondary damper 32 and the primary damper 31 may be directly connected, such as welded or integrally formed. In addition, as shown in fig. 6 and 7, the auxiliary damper 32 may be detachably connected to the main damper 31 through a connecting member 33, specifically, a first end of the auxiliary damper 32 is connected to a middle portion of the main damper 31 through the connecting member 33, a first positioning structure is disposed at the middle portion of the main damper 31, a second positioning structure is disposed at the first end of the auxiliary damper 32, a first limiting structure and a second limiting structure are correspondingly disposed on the connecting member 33, the first positioning structure is matched with the first limiting structure to relatively fix the main damper 31 and the connecting member 33, and the second positioning structure is matched with the second limiting structure to relatively fix the auxiliary damper 32 and the connecting member 33. Therefore, compared with the combined damper 3 manufactured by welding or integral molding, the combined damper 3 connected through the connecting piece 33 is convenient to detach, when any one of the main damper 31 and the auxiliary damper 32 breaks down, the broken damper can be conveniently detached, repaired or replaced, and the repair cost is saved.
Various connection modes of the connecting piece 33, the secondary damper 32 and the primary damper 31 can be selected, and a preferred connection mode is shown in fig. 6, 7 and 8. Specifically, as shown in fig. 8, the first positioning structure is a limiting ring groove 311 formed in the middle housing of the main shock absorber 31, the first positioning structure is a limiting hole 333 formed in the connecting member 33, and the limiting hole 333 is matched with the limiting ring groove 311 for positioning so that the main shock absorber 31 and the connecting member 33 are relatively fixed; the second positioning structure is a positioning through hole (not shown in the figure) provided at the first end of the auxiliary damper 32, the second limiting structure is a limiting post 334 arranged on the connecting piece 33, the two ends of the limiting post 334 are provided with a stop portion 335, the limiting post 334 is arranged in the positioning through hole in a matching manner, and the stop portions 335 at the two ends of the limiting post 334 are abutted against the two side end faces of the positioning through hole, so that the auxiliary damper 32 and the connecting piece 33 are relatively fixed. The structure of the limiting post 334 and the stopping portion 335 can be as shown in fig. 8, that is, a rectangular groove 336 is formed on the connecting member 33, two ends of the limiting post 334 are fixedly connected with two side wall surfaces of the rectangular groove 336, and the stopping portion 335 is a wall surface on two sides of the rectangular groove 336. The connection mode of the connecting piece 33, the main shock absorber 31 and the auxiliary shock absorber 32 can realize convenient detachment and installation of the main shock absorber 31 and the auxiliary shock absorber 32. Meanwhile, the positioning through hole at the first end of the auxiliary damper 32 is matched with the limiting column 334 arranged on the connecting piece 33, so that the auxiliary damper 32 can rotate around the limiting column 334, and the included angle between the main damper 31 and the auxiliary damper 32 can be conveniently adjusted through the rotation of the auxiliary damper 32 without replacing the connecting piece 33.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, another alternative connection mode of the connecting member 33 with the secondary damper 32 and the primary damper 31 is shown, specifically, the first positioning structure provided in the middle of the primary damper 31 is a connecting lug 311 ' provided on the housing thereof, and the connecting lug 311 ' is provided with a positioning through hole 312 '. The second positioning structure at the first end of the secondary damper 32 is a positioning ring groove 321'. The first limit structure and the second limit structure arranged on the connecting piece 33 are respectively a limit ring groove 333 'and a limit column 334'. Wherein, the two ends of the position-limiting column 334 'are provided with a stop part 335'. The limit ring groove 333 'on the connecting piece 33 is matched with the positioning ring groove 321' arranged at the first end of the auxiliary damper 31 to realize the relative fixation of the connecting piece 33 and the auxiliary damper 31. The limit post 334 ' of the connecting member 33 is inserted into the positioning through hole 312 ' provided on the middle engaging lug 311 ' of the main damper 32 and is engaged with the positioning through hole 312 ', and the stopping portions 335 ' at the two ends of the limit post 334 ' are abutted against the end faces of the two sides of the engaging lug 311 ', so that the connecting member 33 and the main damper 32 are relatively fixed. The same effect as the connection manner of the connecting member 33 with the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 described in fig. 6 and 7 is obtained, and the connection manner described in fig. 9 and 10 can also conveniently adjust the included angle between the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 according to actual needs without replacing the connecting member 33, but the two connection manners are different. The two different connection modes can be selected according to different requirements.
In order to facilitate the mounting and dismounting of the connecting member 33 to the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32, it is preferable that the connecting member 33 is divided into a first half connecting member 331 and a second half connecting member 332, and both ends of the first half connecting member 331 and the second half connecting member 332 are detachably connected by screws, as shown in fig. 8 and 10. Thus, the position-limiting ring groove 333 of the connecting member 33 is formed by the half-circular groove of the first half connecting member 331 and the half-circular groove of the second half connecting member 332. The spacing column 334 on the connecting member 33 is formed by the matching of the spacing column 334 section on the first half connecting member 331 and the spacing column 334 section on the second half connecting member 332. When the auxiliary shock absorber 32 is connected with the main shock absorber 31, the positioning ring groove 311 in the middle of the main shock absorber 31, the positioning through hole at the first end of the auxiliary shock absorber 32 are matched with the semicircular grooves and the limiting columns 334 in any one of the two half connecting pieces, then the two half connecting pieces are buckled together, and finally the two ends of the two half connecting pieces are fastened through screws. The primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 can be conveniently disassembled and assembled by buckling and separating the two half connecting pieces.
The two ends of the first half connecting piece 331 and the second half connecting piece 332 have another connection mode, specifically, one end of the first half connecting piece 331 and the other end of the second half connecting piece 332 can be hinged, and the other end of the first half connecting piece 331 and the other end of the second half connecting piece 332 are fixedly connected through screws, wherein the first half connecting piece 331 and the second half connecting piece 332 can rotate around a hinge point. Compared with the connection operation process of the scheme that both ends are fastened and connected by screws, the connection scheme is different in that the first half connecting piece 331 and the second half connecting piece 332 need to be opened at a certain angle before connection so as to facilitate the matching of the positioning structures of the main damper 31 and the auxiliary damper 32 with the limiting structure of one half connecting piece, then the two half connecting pieces are buckled in a rotating manner, and the other ends of the two half connecting pieces buckled together are fastened by screws. The connection scheme of the two half connecting pieces has only one end fastened by the screw, so that the time for assembling and disassembling the main damper 31 and the auxiliary damper 32 can be reduced.
In order to make the sub damper 32 better restrict the left and right rotational swing of the washing tub assembly 2 during operation, it is preferable that a plane formed by the axes of the main damper 31 and the sub damper 32 is perpendicular to the axis of the lower washing tub 21. Therefore, when the washing drum assembly 2 rotates left and right, acting force generated by the auxiliary damper 32 and the connecting point thereof on the auxiliary damper 32 is transmitted to the main damper 31 through the connecting part 33 along the axis of the auxiliary damper 32, so that the main damper 31 forms an effective support for the auxiliary damper 31, and the balance and stability of the washing drum assembly 2 are facilitated.
In order to balance and stabilize the force of the washing tub assembly 2, it is preferable that a plurality of the combination dampers 3 are symmetrically disposed at both sides of the lower washing tub 21 as shown in fig. 4 and 5. The number of the combined vibration dampers 3 is even, for example, four, six, etc., and the number of the combined vibration dampers 3 is not suitable to be too many, on one hand, too many combined vibration dampers 3 cannot be placed because the length of the lower washing drum 21 is limited; on the other hand, providing too many combination dampers 3 increases the total weight of the washing machine, and also requires providing a plurality of connection points at both sides of the lower washing tub 21, making the manufacturing and assembling process thereof cumbersome. Therefore, the number of the combined vibration dampers 3 is preferably four on the premise of satisfying the balance and stability of the washing tub assembly 2.
Referring to fig. 6, the included angle formed by the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 should be controlled to be between 10 ° and 60 °. The size of the included angle is mainly determined by the mounting positions of the two ends of the main damper 31 and the auxiliary damper 32 and directly influences the damping effect of the combined damper 3, and if the included angle is too small, the limiting effect of the auxiliary damper 32 on the rotation swing of the washing drum assembly 2 in the left and right directions is poor; if the included angle is too large, the acting force generated by the auxiliary vibration absorber 32 when the washing drum assembly 2 rotates left and right can easily damage the connecting piece 33, which is not beneficial to the balance and stability of the whole washing drum assembly 2. Therefore, in order to balance and stabilize the washing tub assembly 2, the sub-damper 32 preferably limits the rotational swing of the washing tub assembly 2 in the left-right direction, and the included angle is preferably between 10 ° and 60 °.
Since the combined damper 3 is stressed to bear a certain lateral radial force during the operation of the three-drum washing machine, the materials of the primary damper 31 and the secondary damper 32 are preferably made of hard metal materials, such as high carbon steel, titanium alloy, and the like.
Referring to fig. 4, 5 and 6, the second end of the secondary shock absorber 32 is higher than the second end of the primary shock absorber 31. Since the center of gravity of the washing tub assembly 2 is above, if the second end of the auxiliary damper 32 is lower than the second end of the main damper 31, the two connection points of the combined damper 3 and the lower washing tub 21 will be too low, which is disadvantageous for the balance and stability of the washing tub assembly 2. The second end of the auxiliary damper 32 is higher than the second end of the main damper 31, so that the support is not only beneficial to the balance of the washing drum assembly 2, but also enables the auxiliary damper 32 to better limit the left-right rotation swing of the washing drum assembly 2, and further can reduce the local vibration above the washing drum assembly 2.
In order to further reduce the vibration of the washing tub assembly 2 during operation, it is preferable that one end of the hanging spring 4 is connected to the lower washing tub 21 and the other end is connected to the middle of the cabinet 1, as shown in fig. 4. When the washing cylinder assembly 2 vibrates, the hanging spring 4 can further limit the vibration of the washing cylinder assembly 2 in all directions by elastic expansion and contraction in cooperation with the combined vibration absorbers 3 at the bottom of the washing cylinder assembly 2.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, since the space of the upper part of the three-tub washing machine is limited, if one end of the hanging spring 4 is connected to the upper washing tub 22 to occupy a certain space, the capacity of the upper washing tub 22 is reduced, and therefore, one end of the hanging spring 4 is connected to the lower washing tub 21 to indirectly increase the capacity of the upper washing tub 22. The other end of the hanging spring 4 is connected with the middle part of the casing 1, so that the stress on the casing 1 is uniform, and the balance and the stability of the casing 1 are facilitated.
The number of the hanging springs 4 is not suitable to be too many, the arrangement of the hanging springs 4 needs to arrange a plurality of connecting points on the lower washing drum 21 and the machine shell 1, so that the three-drum washing machine is complicated to manufacture and assemble, meanwhile, the number of the hanging springs 4 is not too small, the balance of the washing drum assembly 2 is not facilitated too small, and therefore the number of the hanging springs 4 is preferably four under the condition that the requirements of vibration reduction and stress balance are met.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, in order to balance the weight of the washing tub assembly 2 in the front-rear direction and further lower the center of gravity of the washing tub assembly 2 and reduce the local vibration above the washing tub assembly, it is preferable that a weight block 214 is connected below the opening of the lower washing tub 21. Since the motor 62 for driving the lower washing drum 21 to rotate is installed at the rear portion thereof, the weight block 214 is provided under the opening of the lower washing drum 21 for balancing the weight of the entire washing drum assembly 2 in the front-rear direction. Since the weight block 214 is installed further down to lower the center of gravity of the entire washing tub assembly 2, the weight block 214 is installed below the opening of the lower washing tub 21 to reduce the local vibration above the washing tub assembly 2.
However, since the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 are easily vibrated by the rigid connection, when the vibration frequencies of the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 are close to each other, the washing drum assembly 2 resonates, and thus a large vibration noise is easily generated. Therefore, it is preferable to adopt the scheme as shown in fig. 4 and 5, and connect the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21 by the connection assembly 5, as shown in fig. 11, 12 and 13, the connection assembly 5 includes a vibration damping connection member 51, and at least a portion of the vibration damping connection member 51 is made of a flexible material.
Because the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 are connected through the vibration damping connecting piece 51, at least one part of the vibration damping connecting piece 51 is made of flexible materials, and the flexible materials have certain damping, when the flexible materials are forced to vibrate, the flexible materials generate violent internal friction, so that reaction force is generated, kinetic energy generated by forced vibration is converted into heat energy, the amplitude of the forced vibration can be greatly reduced in a short time, and the purposes of vibration damping and vibration isolation are achieved, therefore, when the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 of the washing machine work simultaneously, the vibration damping connecting piece 51 can weaken vibration transmission between the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21, and noise generated by vibration is reduced. In addition, since the vibration transmission between the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21 is separated by the vibration damping connection member 51, the washing tub assembly 2 is easily kept away from the resonance region, and the probability of vibration coupling between the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21 can be reduced.
It should be noted that: the damper coupling 51 is not limited to the three-tub washing machine having two upper washing tubs 22, but may be applied to a multi-tub washing machine having at least one upper washing tub 22, wherein the number of the upper washing tubs 22 may be 1, 3, etc., without being limited thereto.
The vibration damping connecting member 51 may be made of a flexible material, which may be plastic or rubber, and the material of the portion to be connected between the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 needs a certain strength, which is a rigid material, and the nature of the flexible material is very different from that of the rigid material.
Therefore, in order to facilitate the vertical connection and disconnection of the vibration damping connector 51 with the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21, it is preferable that the vibration damping connector 51 comprises two rigid connection parts and a flexible vibration damping part, the flexible vibration damping part is fixedly connected between the two rigid connection parts, the rigid connection part located at the upper side of the flexible vibration damping part is connected with the upper washing tub 22, and the rigid connection part located at the lower side of the flexible vibration damping part is connected with the lower washing tub 21. Because the flexible vibration damping part and the two rigid connecting parts are fixedly connected into a whole, when the flexible vibration damping part is installed and disassembled, only the two rigid connecting parts are required to be connected with and disassembled from the connected parts of the upper washing cylinder 22 and the lower washing cylinder 21, which is very convenient. Meanwhile, as the parts where the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 are connected are also made of rigid materials, the connection between the rigid materials has certain connection strength, and the connection reliability is also ensured.
Further, since the rigidity of the metal material is relatively high as compared with other materials, the rigid connection portion of the damper connecting member 51 is preferably made of a metal material, such as carbon steel, copper, or the like; compared with other flexible materials, rubber has good wear resistance and high elasticity, and is a desirable material for vibration damping and vibration isolation, and therefore, the material of the flexible vibration damping part of the vibration damping connecting member 51 is preferably a rubber material.
Specifically, the rigid connection part located at the upper side of the flexible vibration damping part is a connection cover 511, the rigid connection part located at the lower side of the flexible vibration damping part is a connection flange 513, the flexible vibration damping part is a rubber layer 512 filled between the connection cover 511 and the connection flange 513, a threaded hole is formed in the middle of the connection cover 511, the connection cover 511 is connected with the upper washing drum 22 through the threaded hole, mounting holes are formed in the periphery of the connection flange 513, and the connection flange 513 is connected with the lower washing drum 21 through the mounting holes. Since the vibration damping connection member 51 should bear not only the weight of the washing tub 22 and clothes and water on the upper part of the washing machine but also the vibration during the operation, the vibration damping connection member 51 is easily fatigued and lost over time, and it is a consumable member. For the convenience of maintenance and replacement, the connection cover 511 is connected to the upper washing tub 22 through a screw hole, and the connection flange 513 is connected to the lower washing tub 21 through a mounting hole, so that the vibration damping connector 51 can be conveniently detached and mounted. In addition, the rubber layer 512 is wrapped inside the connecting cover 511, so that the rubber layer 512 can be protected from being exposed to the surrounding environment and aging, and the performance of the rubber layer 512 is influenced, and the connecting cover 511 and the connecting flange 513 have larger contact area with the rubber layer 512 therebetween, so that better vibration reduction and isolation can be realized.
In order to facilitate the machining of the threaded hole in the connection cover 511, as shown in fig. 11 and 12, a connection shaft 514 extending downward is preferably provided at the center of the connection cover 511, and the threaded hole is opened in the connection shaft 514. If the connecting shaft 514 and the connecting cover 511 are integrated, the machining of the threaded hole is generally carried out in a process of putting a part behind, a workpiece needs to be installed and clamped on a fixture of a machine tool during machining, and the connecting cover 511 is easy to deform during installing and clamping, and the integrated design is not beneficial to the machining of the threaded hole in the middle, so that the threaded hole is machined on the connecting shaft 514 and then is arranged in the middle of the connecting cover 511 and fixedly connected, the machining of the threaded hole is easier, and the machining cost of the connecting cover 511 is reduced.
The rigid connecting part and the flexible damping part of the damping connecting piece 51 are preferably fixedly connected into a whole through a vulcanization process. Specifically, as shown in fig. 12, the connection cover 511 of the damper connector, the connection shaft 514 in the middle of the connection cover 511, and the connection flange 513 are fixedly connected with the rubber layer 512 into a whole through a vulcanization process. The vibration damper connecting piece mainly plays a role in vibration damping and vibration isolation, and has certain connecting strength, and the connecting cover 511 and the rubber layer 512, and the connecting flange 513 and the rubber layer 512 cannot move relatively, so that the connecting cover 511 and the rubber layer 512 need to be fixedly connected into a whole. Because the chemical structures and the mechanical properties of the rubber layer 512 and the metal are greatly different, the rubber layer 512 and the metal are fixedly connected into a whole through a vulcanization process, and the high elasticity of the rubber layer 512 and the high strength of the metal can be integrated, so that better strength and durability can be obtained, and the rubber layer has the functions of vibration reduction, vibration isolation, wear resistance and the like.
Fig. 13 shows another configuration of the two rigid and flexible connections of the vibration damping connection 51. Specifically, the rigid connection part located on the upper side of the flexible vibration damping part is a first connection screw 511 ', the rigid connection part located on the lower side of the flexible vibration damping part is a second connection screw 513', the flexible vibration damping part is a rubber connection block 512 ', the screw head of the first connection screw 511' and the screw head of the second connection screw 513 'are respectively and fixedly connected with the rubber connection block 512', the screw rod of the first connection screw 511 'is used for being connected with the upper washing drum 22, and the screw rod of the second connection screw 513' is used for being connected with the lower washing drum 21.
Because the rubber connecting block 512 ' is directly and fixedly connected with the screw heads of the first connecting screw 511 ' and the second connecting screw 513 ', the used parts are less, and the structure of the vibration damping connecting piece 51 is simple. In addition, the screws of the first and second connection screws 511 'and 513' are respectively connected to the upper and lower washing drums 22 and 21, which is more convenient to disassemble, and the vibration damping connection member 51 can be disassembled only by rotating clockwise or counterclockwise. The rubber connecting block 512' has high elasticity and certain rigidity, so that the rubber connecting block can ensure the connection strength and can damp and isolate vibration, thereby preventing the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 from resonating and reducing vibration noise.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the connecting assembly 5 further includes a front connecting block 52 and a rear connecting block 53, wherein the front connecting block 52 is disposed near the opening of the lower washing tub 21, and the rear connecting block 53 is disposed near the rear motor 211 of the lower washing tub 21. Since the two upper washing drums 22 are pulsator type washing drums, the overall installation positions of the two pulsator type washing drums inevitably have errors, and the front and rear balance of the washing drum assembly 2 is affected both from the front and rear, and therefore the front and rear of the upper washing drum 22 can be kept balanced by configuring the front connection block 52 and the rear connection block 53 with different weights.
In order to balance and stabilize the forces applied to the two upper washing tubs 22, it is preferable that a plurality of vibration-damping connectors 51 are uniformly distributed between the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21, as shown in fig. 4 and 5. The number of the damping connecting pieces 51 may be four, six, or the like. The number of the vibration damping connection members 51 is not suitable to be too large, and the installation of too many vibration damping connection members 51 requires too many connection points between the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21, which makes the assembly process of the washing tub assembly 2 complicated. Therefore, the number of the vibration damping connection members 51 is preferably four on the premise that the balance of the two pulsator type washing tubs can be ensured.
The opening mode of the upper cover door 61 of the three-cylinder washing machine can be manual or automatic, because the three-cylinder washing machine arranges the two upper washing cylinders 22 above the lower washing cylinder 21 and the two upper washing cylinders are two impeller type washing cylinders vertically arranged, in order to ensure the capacity of the two upper washing cylinders 22, the height of the machine body is higher than that of a common washing machine, when the two upper washing cylinders 22 are used for washing clothes, because the two upper washing cylinders 22 are positioned on the upper side and are in an upper cover-lifting type, it is inconvenient for a user to open and close the upper cover door 61, therefore, the upper cover door 61 is preferably hinged to the opening of the machine case 1 corresponding to the two upper washing cylinders 22, the upper cover door 61 is connected with a driving device, and the driving device can drive the upper cover door 61 to rotate between the opening position and the closing position.
Because the upper cover door 61 is hinged at the opening of the casing 1 corresponding to the two upper washing drums 22, and the upper cover door 61 is connected with the driving device capable of driving the upper cover door 61 to rotate between the opening position and the closing position, the opening and the closing of the upper cover door 61 can be realized by controlling the driving device to make corresponding actions, the inconvenience caused by manual opening and closing is solved, the automation level of the washing machine is improved, and the user experience is also improved.
It should be noted that: the driving device capable of driving the upper cover door 61 to open and close is not limited to be used in a three-cylinder washing machine in which two upper washing cylinders 22 are pulsator type washing cylinders, but may be used in a multi-cylinder washing machine in which at least one upper washing cylinder 22 is provided and the upper washing cylinder 22 is a pulsator type washing cylinder, wherein the number of the upper washing cylinders 22 is not limited to 1 or 3. In addition, the driving device can also be used for a single-drum impeller type washing machine.
Among them, driving means for opening and closing the upper cover door 61 are various, for example, a cylinder, a hydraulic motor, and the like. In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 15, 21 and 22, the driving device includes a motor 62, and a driving shaft of the motor 62 is drivingly connected to the upper cover door 61. Compared with an air cylinder and a hydraulic motor, the three-drum washing machine is driven by the motor 62 to have a simpler and more compact structure and a smaller occupied space, accessories such as an air pump, a hydraulic pump, a pipeline, a control valve and the like do not need to be added, in addition, the rotation of the motor 62 is driven by electricity, the three-drum washing machine has a quicker response speed, and the upper cover door 61 can be ensured to be opened and closed in time without delay. In addition, the motor 62 is drivingly connected to the upper door 61 through the motor driving shaft 621, and the motor driving shaft 621 is separately provided from the rotor, so that it is possible to easily detach and attach the motor 62 when it fails.
Further, the driving means may implement the opening and closing of the upper cover door 61 in various ways. For example, the driving device may be connected to the upper door 61 through a connection point, and the driving device may drive the upper door 61 to rotate between the open position and the closed position by applying a driving force to the upper door 61 through the connection point. Specifically, as shown in fig. 15, the upper door 61 is hinged to the housing 1 through a first hinge sleeve 611 and a second hinge sleeve 612, and the motor driving shaft 621 is drivingly connected to the first hinge sleeve 611 or the second hinge sleeve 612. In the transmission connection mode, the right end of the motor driving shaft 621 is matched with the hinge sleeve of the upper cover door 61 body, the left end is matched with the output part of the motor 62, direct drive transmission is adopted, and no other transmission device is arranged in the middle, so that the transmission efficiency is high, and the output torque of the motor 62 can be ensured to be used for door opening action to the maximum extent.
It should be noted that: since the torque required to open the cover door 61 is not so large, as shown in fig. 17, the motor driving shaft 621 is preferably made of an aluminum alloy material, which ensures easy processing of parts and a small weight.
In order to reduce the warping deformation of the door body when the door is opened or closed, the material of the door body is preferably a high-strength material, such as aluminum alloy, engineering plastic, and the like. Since the motor 62 is located at one side of the upper door 61, when the upper door 61 is opened or closed, the output torque of the motor 62 acts on one side first, and the torque is transmitted from the door body to the hinge sleeve at the other side to realize the integral turnover of the upper door 61, so that the upper door 61 is easy to warp due to uneven stress, and therefore, the upper door 61 is preferably made of a high-strength material to resist the warp.
In order to slow down the closing speed of the upper cover door 61, a motor damping device is preferably provided in the motor 62. When the upper cover door 61 rotates to the closed position, the closing speed is faster and faster due to the combined action of the gravity of the upper cover door 61 and the torque of the motor 62, therefore, the motor damping device can provide reverse resistance to inhibit the motor driving shaft 621 from rotating too fast, the closing speed of the upper cover door 61 can be reduced, and the damage caused by collision between the too fast closing speed of the upper cover door 61 and the machine shell 1 is avoided.
In order to further slow down the closing speed of the upper cover door 61 and make the upper cover door 61 close softly, as shown in fig. 15 and 18, a one-way damper 63 is preferably provided at the hinge joint of the upper cover door 61 and the casing 1. Because the one-way damping device 63 can provide movement resistance in one direction and does not provide resistance in the other direction, when the upper cover door 61 is opened, the motor 62 overcomes the gravity of the upper cover door 61 to do work to realize the overturning opening of the upper cover door 61, and at the moment, the one-way damping device 63 does not provide movement resistance; when closing upper cover door 61, upper cover door 61 can make the closing speed too fast under the combined action of gravity and motor 62 torque, and at this moment, cooperation motor damping device, one-way damping device 63 can provide the closing speed that the moving resistance slowed down upper cover door 61, has guaranteed that upper cover door 61 closes softly.
In order to balance the force applied to the upper door 61 when the upper door is closed, preferably, as shown in fig. 15, the upper door 61 is hinged to the housing 1 through a first hinge sleeve 611 and a second hinge sleeve 612, the driving shaft of the motor 62 is in transmission connection with the first hinge sleeve 611, and the one-way damping device 63 is connected with the second hinge sleeve 612; or the driving shaft of the motor 62 is connected with the second hinge sleeve 612 in a transmission way, and the one-way damping device 63 is connected with the first hinge sleeve 611. Because when the upper cover door 61 is closed, the one-way damping device 63 and the motor damping device provide resistance to slow down the closing speed of the upper cover door 61, the motor 62 and the one-way damping device 63 are arranged on two sides of the upper cover door 61, so that the stress balance of the upper cover door 61 is facilitated, and the situation that one side of the upper cover door 61 is subjected to resistance and the other side of the upper cover door is not subjected to warping deformation caused by the resistance is avoided.
In addition, the driving device may be connected to the upper door 61 at least two connecting points, and the driving device may apply a driving force to the upper door 61 through the at least two connecting points to rotate the upper door 61 between the open position and the closed position. Because the driving device applies driving force to the upper cover door 61 through at least two connecting points, the upper cover door 61 is under the action of a plurality of driving forces when being opened, so that the upper cover door 61 is stressed uniformly, and the buckling deformation of the upper cover door 61 caused by uneven stress is avoided.
Wherein, the connecting point of drive arrangement and upper cover door 61 should not be too much, if the connecting point is too much, these connecting points just are difficult coaxial, and drive arrangement just appears the card jam in the opening and closing upper cover door 61 easily, makes the opening and closing of upper cover door 61 unsmooth, has reduced user's experience. Therefore, the driving means is preferably connected to the upper cover door 61 at two connection points, and can apply a driving force to the upper cover door 61 through the two connection points, while avoiding the warp deformation of the upper cover door 61.
Further, the structure in which the driving means applies the driving force to the upper cover door 61 through two connection points is not exclusive. As shown in fig. 21, an alternative structure that the driving device applies a driving force to the upper cover door 61 through two connection points is shown, specifically, the motor 62 includes a motor driving shaft, the motor driving shaft is in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61, the motor driving shaft includes a first driving shaft 622 and a second driving shaft 623, the first driving shaft 622 and the second driving shaft 623 are coaxially arranged and are respectively located at two sides of the motor, and the first driving shaft 622 and the second driving shaft 623 are respectively in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61. Because two driving shafts are arranged on two sides of the motor 62 and are coaxial, and the two driving shafts are respectively in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61, in this way, the output torque of the motor 62 is directly transmitted to the upper cover door 61 through the two driving shafts on two sides of the motor 62, so that two sides of the upper cover door 61 are stressed in the opening or closing process, balance is easily kept, the buckling deformation of the upper cover door 61 caused by the driving of the upper cover door 61 by the motor 62 on one side is avoided, and the requirement on the strength of the upper cover door 61 can be further reduced.
Referring to fig. 21 and 22, preferably, the upper door 61 is hinged to the housing 1 through a first hinge sleeve 611 and a second hinge sleeve 612, the motor 62 is located between the first hinge sleeve 611 and the second hinge sleeve 612, the first driving shaft 622 is in transmission connection with the upper door 61 through the first hinge sleeve 611, and the second driving shaft 623 is in transmission connection with the upper door 61 through the second hinge sleeve 612. Because the upper cover door 61 is hinged to the casing 1 through the first hinge sleeve 611 and the second hinge sleeve 612, the upper cover door 61 can rotate around the hinge points of the first hinge sleeve 611 and the second hinge sleeve 612 and the casing 1, which not only facilitates the opening and closing of the upper cover door 61, but also ensures that the upper cover door 61 is not dislocated in the opening and closing process. In addition, the two driving shafts are in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61 through the two hinge sleeves, so that the connection is simple in structure, the transmission efficiency can be improved, in addition, the two hinge sleeves occupy smaller space, and the upper cover door 61 can be more compact in structure.
It should be noted that: the first driving shaft 622 is in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61 through the first hinge sleeve 611, and the second driving shaft 623 is in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61 through the second hinge sleeve 612, that is, the two driving shafts are respectively matched with the two hinge sleeves, so that the two driving shafts can drive the two hinge sleeves to synchronously rotate when rotating, and further the upper cover door 61 is driven to rotate around the hinge points of the first hinge sleeve 611 and the second hinge sleeve 612 with the casing 1.
Because the upper cover door 61 is driven by the motor 62 through two driving shafts to rotate the hinge sleeves at two sides, the stress of the upper cover door 61 is balanced when the upper cover door is opened and closed, and the upper cover door 61 can be closed flexibly through the motor damping device in the motor 62 when the upper cover door 61 is closed.
In order to ensure the installation space of the motor 62 and the uniform distribution of the load on the two driving shafts, it is preferable that the motor 62 is disposed near the first hinge sleeve 611 and the second driving shaft 623 and the housing 1 are supported by the bearing 624 as shown in fig. 22. Wherein, the motor 62 is installed at a position close to the first hinge sleeve 611, which can ensure that the driving motor 62 has enough installation space to prevent interference with the upper cover door 61 and other parts when installed at the middle position of the two hinge sleeves. Since the motor 62 is installed near one side of the upper cover door 61, so that the length of the second driving shaft 623 is relatively long, and a bearing 624 is provided between the second driving shaft 623 and the casing 1, it is possible to support the second driving shaft 623, optimize the load distribution on the second driving shaft 623, and prevent the other end of the second driving shaft 623 from being deformed excessively. Of course, the motor 62 may be disposed near the second hinge sleeve 612, and the first driving shaft 622 and the housing 1 are supported by the bearing 624, which has the same function as the former.
Fig. 19 shows another alternative structure in which the driving device applies a driving force to the upper cover door 61 through two connection points, specifically, the driving device includes a motor 62 and an auxiliary door opening mechanism 64, the motor 62 includes a motor driving shaft 621, the motor driving shaft 621 is in transmission connection with the upper cover door 61, the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 is disposed on one side of the upper cover door 61 far away from the motor 62, and the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 can provide an auxiliary door opening torque to the upper cover door 61.
Because supplementary mechanism 64 of opening the door sets up in the one side of keeping away from motor 62 on upper cover door 61 to supplementary mechanism 64 of opening the door can provide supplementary moment of opening the door to upper cover door 61, and upper cover door 61 both sides all receive the effect of moment when opening like this, and both sides keep balance easily, and then can avoid upper cover door 61 to receive moment when opening one side, and the opposite side does not receive the upper cover door 61 buckling deformation that causes.
Referring to fig. 20, preferably, the door opening assisting mechanism 64 includes a housing 640, a rotatable first rotating shaft 643 is disposed in the housing 640, the first rotating shaft 643 is drivingly connected to the upper door 61 through a transmission mechanism, a torsion spring 648 is sleeved on the first rotating shaft 643, a first end of the torsion spring 648 is fixed to the housing 640, a second end of the torsion spring 648 is fixed to the first rotating shaft 643, when the upper door 61 is closed, the transmission mechanism can transmit a rotating torque of the upper door 61 to the first rotating shaft 643 to rotate the first rotating shaft 643, so as to allow the torsion spring 648 to accumulate a force, and when the upper door 61 is opened, a restoring torque of the torsion spring 648 can be transmitted to the upper door 61 through the first rotating shaft 643 and the transmission mechanism to provide an assisting door opening torque to the upper door 61.
When the upper door 61 is closed, the transmission mechanism transmits the rotation torque of the upper door 61 to the first rotation shaft 643 to rotate the first rotation shaft 643, so that the torsion spring 648 accumulates force, and the torsion torque generated by the accumulated force of the torsion spring 648 can slow down the closing speed of the upper door 61, and therefore, the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 can make the upper door 61 close softly. When the upper cover door 61 is opened, the restoring torque of the torsion spring 648 can be transmitted to the upper cover door 61 through the first rotating shaft 643 and the transmission mechanism so as to provide the auxiliary door opening torque for the upper cover door 61, and further, the maximum door opening torque of the motor 62 can be reduced, so that the small torque motor 62 can be used for replacing the large torque motor 62, and the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 is a mechanical structure, so that the reliability is higher, therefore, the energy efficiency can be improved and the cost can be reduced by using the small torque motor 62 to cooperate with the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 to replace the large torque motor 62. In addition, the door opening torque of the motor 62 is reduced, and the warping phenomenon caused by unbalanced stress on two sides of the upper cover door 61 can be avoided. In addition, the second end of the torsion spring 648 is fixed with respect to the first rotation shaft 643, so that when the first rotation shaft 643 rotates, the second end of the torsion spring 648 rotates with the first rotation shaft 643, and since the first end of the torsion spring 648 is fixed on the casing and does not rotate with the first rotation shaft 643, the second end of the torsion spring 648 rotates with respect to the first end, so that the torsion spring 648 generates a torsion moment or a restoring moment.
The transmission mechanism may be a speed-increasing transmission mechanism, the upper cover door 61 is connected to a high-speed stage of the transmission mechanism, and the first rotation shaft 643 is connected to a low-speed stage of the transmission mechanism. In addition, as shown in fig. 20, the transmission mechanism may also be a speed reduction transmission mechanism, the upper cover door 61 is connected to the low speed stage of the transmission mechanism, and the first rotation shaft 643 is connected to the high speed stage of the transmission mechanism, and compared to the speed increase transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism is a speed reduction transmission mechanism, and when the upper cover door 61 is opened or closed, the torsion spring 648 may generate a larger torsion angle, and may further provide a larger restoring torque or torsion torque to reduce the door opening torque of the motor 62 or reduce the closing speed of the upper cover door 61.
It should be noted that: within the elastic limit of the torsion spring 648, the larger the torsion angle of the torsion spring 648, the larger the required torsion moment, and the larger the restoring moment provided by the torsion spring 648 to restore the initial state.
Further, the transmission mechanism may be various, such as a chain transmission, a belt transmission, etc., and in addition, the transmission mechanism may also be a gear transmission, specifically, as shown in fig. 20, the transmission mechanism includes a second rotating shaft 642 and a third rotating shaft 641 which are rotatably connected in the housing 640, the first rotating shaft 643 and the second rotating shaft 642 are in transmission connection through a first set of gears 647, the second rotating shaft 642 and the third rotating shaft 641 are in transmission connection through a second set of gears 646, and the third rotating shaft 641 is relatively fixed with the upper cover door 61. Compared with chain transmission, belt transmission and the like, the gear transmission enables the structure of the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 to be more compact, enables the transmission ratio of the transmission mechanism to be more accurate, and enables the transmission efficiency to be higher and the transmission torque to be larger. In addition, the first rotating shaft 643 and the second rotating shaft 642 are in transmission connection through the first gear 647 group, the second rotating shaft 642 and the third rotating shaft 641 are in transmission connection through the second gear 646 group, and transmission is achieved through the two gear groups, so that the transmission ratio of each gear group can be reasonably distributed, and the transmission ratio is prevented from being too large or too small. The third shaft 641 is fixed to the upper door 61, so that the third shaft 641 rotates synchronously when the upper door 61 rotates.
It should be noted that: the first rotating shaft 643, the second rotating shaft 642 and the third rotating shaft 641 are rotatably connected in the housing 640 through bearings 649, and six bearings 649 are symmetrically disposed in the housing 640 to respectively support the three rotating shafts.
In addition, as shown in fig. 20, the first gear 647 set includes a first gear 647 and a second gear 646 that are engaged with each other, the first gear 647 is sleeved on the first rotating shaft 643, the second gear 646 is sleeved on the second rotating shaft 642, the second gear 646 set includes a third gear 645 and a fourth gear 644 that are engaged with each other, the third gear 645 is sleeved on the second rotating shaft 642, and the fourth gear 644 is sleeved on the third rotating shaft 641. Compare the gear and fix on the axle or with an organic whole design of axle, four gears all overlap and locate in the pivot, when the gear takes place disconnected tooth, wearing and tearing etc. and became invalid like this, just can conveniently dismantle from the pivot, and needn't change the pivot, reduced cost of maintenance. In addition, the diameter of the first gear 647 is smaller than that of the second gear 646, and the diameter of the third gear 645 is smaller than that of the fourth gear 644, so that the first rotating shaft 643 to the third rotating shaft 641 are in two-stage reduction transmission, and the transmission ratio is reasonably distributed.
In order to reduce the output torque of the motor 62 when the upper door 61 is opened or to further reduce the closing speed of the upper door 61 when the upper door 61 is closed, the reduction ratio of the transmission mechanism is preferably 1: 2. if the reduction ratio is too small, when the upper cover door 61 is closed or opened, the torsion angle of the torsion spring 648 is smaller, the torsion moment or the restoring moment provided by the torsion spring 648 is correspondingly reduced, and as the torsion moment of the torsion spring 648 is reduced, the resistance received when the upper cover door 61 is closed is reduced, and the door closing speed is correspondingly reduced; since the restoring torque of the torsion spring 648 is reduced, the torque required for the motor 62 to open the upper cover door 61 becomes large, and the motor 62 having a larger output torque must be selected. If the reduction ratio is too large, the torsion angle of the torsion spring 648 is too large when the upper cover door 61 is opened or closed, and thus the torsion spring 648 is easily damaged. In addition, if the reduction ratio is too large, the gear ratio of each gear set is increased, so that the size of the large gear in each gear set is increased, and the size of the auxiliary door opening mechanism 64 is increased.
It should be noted that: the reduction ratio of the transmission mechanism is 1: at time 2, when the upper cover door 61 is opened and closed by 90 °, the torsion spring 648 can realize 180 ° torsion power storage.
Referring to fig. 20, the second end of the torsion spring 648 may be fixed to the first rotating shaft 643, or may be fixed to the first gear 647, and compared with the fixation to the first rotating shaft 643, the second end of the torsion spring 648 is fixed to the first gear 647, which not only facilitates the installation of the torsion spring 648, but also balances the stress on the torsion spring 648, and facilitates the output of the torque accumulation and the restoring torque of the torsion spring 648.
In order to balance the force between the casing and the first gear 647, as shown in fig. 20, preferably, there are two torsion springs 648 disposed on two sides of the first gear 647, and the second ends of the two torsion springs 648 are fixed on two opposite end surfaces of the first gear 647. If only one torsion spring 648 is provided, one end face and one side of the first gear 647 are subjected to the twisting moment or the restoring moment of the torsion spring 648, so that the stress of the machine shell and the first gear 647 is unbalanced, for this reason, two torsion springs 648 are provided and are respectively positioned at two sides of the first gear 647, and the second ends of the two torsion springs 648 are respectively fixed on the two opposite end faces of the first gear 647, so that the stress of the first gear 647 and the stress of the machine shell are balanced.
In order to operate the power door conveniently, it is preferable that a normal power button is provided on the front control panel 12, and the button is not controlled by a power button, and when the button is pressed, the power is turned on to perform a door opening and closing operation. Therefore, the clothes can be taken and put independently without being influenced by whether the washing machine is powered on, and the washing machine is very convenient.
In order to allow the upper door 61 to be opened and closed conveniently even when the motor 62 is not operated automatically in a special situation such as a power failure, it is preferable that the front portion of the upper door 61 is protruded beyond the edge of the front control panel 12, and specifically, as shown in fig. 23, the protruded edge of the front portion of the upper door 61 is used as a door opening handle, so that a user can take in and take out laundry by manually opening or closing the upper door 61. Meanwhile, the internal structure of the motor 62 must be designed to be rotated when power is off, and the rotational force must not be too large, so that the user can easily open and close the upper cover door 61.
When washing clothes, detergent such as washing powder, laundry detergent and the like can be manually dispensed and dispensed into each laundry drum, or detergent can be manually dispensed and dispensed into the detergent dispensing box 7, and then automatically dispensed into each laundry drum, since it is very inconvenient to manually dispense detergent and dispense detergent into three laundry drums, as shown in fig. 24, it is preferable that one detergent dispensing box 7 is provided in the washing machine, the detergent dispensing box 7 includes a plurality of dispensing chambers 72 and a premix chamber 74 which are independent of each other, the dispensing chamber 72 includes a washing powder dispensing chamber 722, a washing liquid dispensing chamber 721 and a softener dispensing chamber 723, the washing powder dispensing chamber 722 is connected with a first water inlet control valve 77, and the washing powder dispensing chamber 722 is communicated with the lower laundry drum 21, the washing liquid dispensing chamber 723 and the softener dispensing chamber 721 are respectively communicated with the premix chamber 74, a laundry detergent dispensing pump 76 is provided between the washing liquid dispensing chamber 723 and the premix chamber 74, a softener dosing pump 73 is arranged between the softener dosing cavity 721 and the premixing cavity 74, the premixing cavity 74 is connected with a second water inlet control valve 78, the premixing cavity 74 is respectively connected with the drum-type washing drum and the two impeller-type washing drums through three water distribution pipes 75, and each water distribution pipe 75 is provided with a valve.
Referring to fig. 24, since the washing powder feeding chamber 722 is connected to the first water inlet control valve 77 and the washing powder feeding chamber 722 communicates with the lower washing tub 21, when the first water inlet control valve 77 is opened, the washing powder does not pass through the premixing chamber 74 but is directly washed into the lower washing tub 21 by water and dissolved. Because the laundry detergent feeding cavity 721 and the softener feeding cavity 723 are respectively communicated with the premixing cavity 74, the laundry detergent feeding pump 76 is arranged between the laundry detergent feeding cavity 723 and the premixing cavity 74, the softener feeding pump 73 is arranged between the softener feeding cavity 721 and the premixing cavity 74, and the premixing cavity 74 is connected with the second water inlet control valve 78, the laundry detergent feeding pump 76 and the softener feeding pump 73 can pump the laundry detergent and the softener in the laundry detergent feeding cavity 723 and the softener feeding cavity 721 into the premixing cavity 74, when the second water inlet control valve 78 is opened, water can enter the premixing cavity 74 to be mixed with the laundry detergent or the softener and dissolve the laundry detergent, and then the laundry detergent and the softener are sequentially fed into the laundry drum to be operated by controlling the opening and closing of the valves of the three water distribution pipes 75, so that the automatic distribution and feeding of the detergent are realized, and the user experience is improved.
It should be noted that: in this embodiment, the upper washing tub 22 is a pulsator type washing tub, and the lower washing tub 21 is a drum type washing tub. Because the impeller type washing barrel is of an upper flip type, washing powder is manually thrown into the impeller type washing barrel; and because the tube mouth of the lower drum type washing tube faces the front, the washing powder is very inconvenient to be thrown into the lower drum type washing tube and is not beneficial to the spreading of the washing powder in the lower drum type washing tube, so the washing powder is thrown into the lower drum type washing tube through the detergent throwing box 7, and the washing powder is directly flushed into the drum type washing tube by water. In addition, the laundry detergent and the softener are automatically distributed and put into each pulsator type washing cylinder and each drum type washing cylinder through the detergent putting box 7, wherein the premixing cavity 74 enables the laundry detergent and the softener to be mixed with water in the premixing cavity to promote the dissolution of the laundry detergent and the softener, and the water diversion pipe 75 is prevented from being blocked when the viscous laundry detergent and the softener directly enter the upper washing cylinder 22 and the lower washing cylinder 21.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 5, in order to avoid the collision of the outer cylinders of the two upper washing cylinders 22 due to vibration during operation, the upper washing cylinder is preferably designed with one outer cylinder and two inner cylinders are disposed in the outer cylinder. Since the upper washing tub 22 is of an upper clamshell type, its height cannot be designed to be too high for the convenience of putting and taking clothes, thus limiting the upper space of the three-tub washing machine. If the outer cylinders of the two upper washing cylinders 22 are separately designed, that is, the two outer cylinders are designed, in order to increase the capacity, the gap between the outer cylinders of the two upper washing cylinders 22 is designed to be small, and the outer cylinders are easily interfered and collided due to vibration in the working process, so that great noise is generated. In addition, since the upper space is limited, if the two upper washing drums 22 are designed to be separated, the outer drums of the two upper washing drums 22 occupy a part of the space, and the space of the inner drum is pressed to reduce the capacity. Therefore, the design of one outer tub for two upper washing tubs 22 can indirectly increase the inner tub capacity of the two upper washing tubs 22.
It should be noted that: if there are a plurality of upper washing drums 22, the inner drums of the plurality of upper washing drums 22 may be disposed in one outer drum.
Example two
Referring to fig. 25, 26 and 27, the three-tub washing machine provided in the present embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that: the two upper washing drums 22 are both drum type washing drums, and the two upper washing drums are arranged side by side and are respectively positioned at the left side and the right side, so that the transverse space of the three-drum washing machine box body can be better utilized. In addition, compared with the solution that the upper washing drum 22 is a pulsator type washing drum, since the openings of the two drum type washing drums are directed forward, the height of the three-drum washing machine is relatively low, which is convenient for users with short height to use the two upper washing drums 22.
Referring to fig. 27, in this embodiment, since the motors for driving the two upper washing tubs 22 to rotate are installed at the rear of the upper washing tub 22 and the rear motors 221 of the two upper washing tubs 22 have a certain mass, the front and rear of the upper washing tub 22 are unbalanced. Therefore, the front connecting block 52 is arranged close to the opening of the upper washing drum 22, the rear connecting block 53 is arranged close to the rear motor 221 of the upper washing drum 22, and the weight of the front connecting block 52 is greater than that of the rear connecting block 53, so that the weights of the two upper washing drums 22 in the front and rear directions can be balanced, and the inclination caused by the overweight in the rear direction can be avoided.
Referring to fig. 26 and 27, in order to further reduce the vibration of the washing tub assembly 2, it is preferable that a first hanging spring 41 is connected between the outer tub of the upper washing tub 22 and the inner wall of the cabinet 1, and a second hanging spring 42 is connected between the outer tub of the lower washing tub 21 and the inner wall of the cabinet 1. In the working process of the three-drum washing machine, the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 rotate to generate a large centrifugal force, especially when only one of the two upper washing drums 22 works, the washing drum assembly 2 is easy to vibrate, so that the first hanging spring 41 and the second hanging spring 42 are matched with the combined dampers 3 at the bottom of the washing drum assembly 2, and the vibration of the washing drum assembly 2 in all directions can be reduced, wherein the first hanging spring 41 is used for reducing the vibration of the lower washing drum 21, and the second hanging spring 42 is used for reducing the vibration of the two upper washing drums 22.
In order to better reduce the vibration of the washing tub assembly 2 and to make the inner wall of the cabinet 1 uniformly stressed, it is preferable that the first hanging spring 41 is connected to the upper portion of the inner wall of the cabinet 1 and the second hanging spring 42 is connected to the middle portion of the inner wall of the cabinet 1. Because the hanging spring 4 is when the washing tub subassembly 2 vibrates, the vibration of the washing tub subassembly 2 is reduced through the resistance that produces by stretching, if the connection of the first hanging spring 41, the second hanging spring 42 and the inner wall of the casing 1 is too close to the upper and too close to the lower to be unfavorable for the stretching of the hanging spring 4, thereby the damping effect of the hanging spring 4 is weakened, simultaneously, the stress of the inner wall of the casing 1 is also unfavorable for being even, therefore, the first hanging spring 41 is connected with the upper part of the inner wall of the casing 1, the second hanging spring 42 is connected with the middle part of the inner wall of the casing 1, the connecting end of the hanging spring 4 and the inner wall of the casing 1 can be higher than the connecting end of the outer drum, and the hanging spring 4 is more favorable for.
It should be noted that: the first hanging spring 41 and the second hanging spring 42 are symmetrically arranged at both sides of the upper washing tub 22 and the lower washing tub 21. The number of the first hanging spring 41 and the second hanging spring 42 may be 2, 4, 6, etc., as long as the balance and vibration damping requirements of the washing tub assembly 2 are met, which is not limited herein.
Referring to fig. 25 and 26, since the openings of the upper washing tubs 22 of the three-tub washing machine are directed forward, the detergent dispenser box 7 may be disposed at the upper cabinet 1 of the two upper washing tubs 22, or may be disposed in front of the three-tub washing machine at a position away from the middle of the openings of the two upper washing tubs 22, and is not limited thereto as long as it does not interfere with other components. In addition, since the height of the three-tub washing machine is not high, the upper cover doors 61 of the two upper washing tubs 22 may be opened manually or automatically, which is not limited herein.
In addition, the present embodiment further provides a water diversion system of a three-cylinder washing machine and a control method thereof, the water diversion system and the control method thereof are not only suitable for a three-cylinder washing machine having two upper washing cylinders 22, but also suitable for a multi-cylinder washing machine having at least one upper washing cylinder 22, wherein the upper washing cylinder 22 may be a pulsator type washing cylinder, or may be a drum type washing cylinder, and the number of the upper washing cylinders may be 1 or 3, and the like, which is not limited herein. Specifically, as shown in fig. 28, a detergent dispensing box 7 is provided in the washing machine, the detergent dispensing box 7 includes a plurality of dispensing chambers 72 and a premixing chamber 74 which are independent of each other, a dispensing pump is provided between at least one dispensing chamber 72 and the premixing chamber 74, a main water inlet pipe 71 is communicated with the premixing chamber 74, the premixing chamber is respectively connected with the upper washing drum 22 and the lower washing drum 21 through a plurality of water distribution pipes 75, and each water distribution pipe 75 is provided with a valve.
Since the detergent dispensing box 7 comprises a plurality of independent dispensing cavities 72 and a premixing cavity 74, different types of detergents, such as washing powder, laundry detergent, softener and the like, can be put into the plurality of independent dispensing cavities 72, and different detergents are selected for classified cleaning due to different clothes composition materials, so that the washing effect can be enhanced. In addition, because the throwing pump is arranged between the at least one throwing cavity 72 and the premixing cavity 74, and the main water inlet pipe 71 is communicated with the premixing cavity 74, the throwing pump can pump liquid detergent, such as laundry detergent, softener and the like, into the premixing cavity 74, and mix with water in the main water inlet pipe 71 and dissolve the liquid detergent, and then the detergent in the premixing cavity 74 of the detergent throwing box 7 can be distributed into a laundry cylinder to be operated by controlling the opening and closing of the valve on each water dividing pipe 75, so that manual sequential throwing can be replaced, automatic distribution and throwing of the detergent can be realized, the washing of clothes of a user is greatly facilitated, and the user experience is improved.
The number of the putting cavities 72 in the detergent putting box 7 is not too large, and the space for placing the detergent putting box 7 in the washing machine is limited, so that the capacity of the detergent putting box 7 is limited, too many putting cavities 72 can cause the capacity of each putting cavity 72 to be too small, and the too small capacity can cause the quantity of the detergent put in the washing cavity to be insufficient, thereby affecting the washing effect of clothes. Therefore, the number of the dispensing chambers 72 is preferably three under the requirement of the required dispensing amount. Specifically, as shown in fig. 24, the feeding cavity 72 includes a washing powder feeding cavity 722, a laundry detergent feeding cavity 723 and a softener feeding cavity 721, the main water inlet pipe 71 is communicated with the premixing cavity 74 through the washing powder feeding cavity 722, a laundry detergent feeding pump 76 is arranged between the washing detergent feeding cavity 72 and the premixing cavity 74, and a softener feeding pump 73 is arranged between the softener feeding cavity 721 and the premixing cavity 74. Because the laundry detergent and the softener are both liquid detergents, the laundry detergent feeding pump 76 is arranged between the laundry detergent feeding cavity 723, the softener feeding cavity 721 and the premixing cavity 74, and the feeding amount of the softener feeding pump 73 can be controlled according to the working time of the feeding pump. Since the washing powder is solid and cannot enter the premixing cavity 74 through the feeding pump, the main water inlet pipe 71 is communicated with the premixing cavity 74 through the washing powder feeding cavity 722, so that the water in the main water inlet pipe 71 can be flushed into the premixing cavity 74 to be dissolved, and then enters a required washing cylinder through the water passing pipe 75. The amount of the washing powder put into the premixing cavity 74 in the detergent putting box 7 is manually controlled, and a user puts the required amount into the washing powder putting cavity 722 at one time and then all the washing powder is flushed into the premixing cavity 74 by the water of the main water inlet pipe 71 to be dissolved.
Referring to fig. 29, in order to accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the premixing chamber 74, a heating device 741 is preferably connected to the premixing chamber 74, and the heating device 741 may heat the solution in the premixing chamber 74. When a plurality of washing drums work simultaneously, the washing powder, the laundry detergent and the softener are put in at intervals, the washing powder, the laundry detergent and the softener in the premixing cavity 74 are dissolved unevenly, excessive putting or insufficient putting is performed when the washing drums are put in the needed washing drums, and if the detergent is sufficiently dissolved, the needed time is longer, so that the washing time is prolonged. Therefore, the heating device 741 connected to the pre-mixing chamber 74 can increase the solubility of the detergent and increase the washing effect of the laundry. Because the volume of the premixing cavity 74 is small, the heating is fast, and compared with the heating in the washing drum, the premixing cavity 74 is connected with the heating device 741, so that the effect is better in the aspects of improving the solubility of the detergent and washing clothes. In addition, the power consumption can be saved, and the washing time can be shortened.
There are various heating devices 741 connected to the premixing chamber 74, for example, a heating sheet may be disposed outside the premixing chamber 74, and the heating sheet may be powered on to heat the solution in the premixing chamber 74. As shown in fig. 29, the heating device 741 may be a heating wire disposed in the premixing chamber 74. Compared with a heating sheet, as the heating wire is arranged in the premixing cavity 74, the heat loss is reduced, the heat transfer efficiency of the heating device 741 is improved, and the heating time can be shortened.
Referring to fig. 30, in order to further accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the premixing chamber 74, it is preferable that a circulation pipe 743 is connected to the premixing chamber 74, wherein the circulation pipe 743 is connected in series with a circulation pump 742 for circulating the solution in the premixing chamber 74 through the circulation pipe 743. Because the detergent, especially washing powder, exceeds the dissolving amount of the premixing cavity 74 when the detergent is excessively added, the detergent is easy to precipitate and remain in the premixing cavity 74, and therefore, the circulating pump 742 can promote the circulating flow of the solution in the premixing cavity 74, is beneficial to promoting the water which just enters the premixing cavity 74 to be fully mixed with the detergent, accelerates the dissolution of the detergent, and solves the problem that the detergent is easy to precipitate and remain in the premixing cavity 74.
Referring to fig. 31, an external drain pipe 222 and an internal drain pipe 223 are connected to any one of the upper washing drums 22, the external drain pipe 222 can drain water in the upper washing drum 22 out of the washing machine, the internal drain pipe 223 is communicated with the lower washing drum 21 for draining water in the upper washing drum 22 into the lower washing drum 21, and the external drain pipe 222 and the internal drain pipe 223 are connected with a solenoid valve 224. Since any one of the upper washing drums 22 is connected with the external drain pipe 222 and the internal drain pipe 223, the external drain pipe 222 can drain the washing water, the rinsing water and the like of the upper washing drum 22 out of the washing machine, and the internal drain pipe 223 can inject the rinsing water of the upper washing drum 22 into the lower washing drum 21 for washing or rinsing of the lower washing drum 21, so that the rinsing water of the upper washing drum 22 can be recycled, and the water consumption of the washing machine can be saved.
It should be noted that: since the upper and lower washing tubs 22 and 21 are both used to drain water downward, water in each washing tub can be completely drained by gravity.
To facilitate the control of the drainage of the upper washing tub 22, it is preferable that, as shown in fig. 31, the external drain pipe 222 and the internal drain pipe 223 are respectively connected to the solenoid valves 224, the solenoid valves 224 are switchable between a first operating position, a second operating position, and a third operating position, and when the solenoid valves 224 are switched to the first operating position, the upper washing tub 22 is disconnected from both the external drain pipe 222 and the internal drain pipe 223; when the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the second working position, the upper washing tub 22 is communicated with the external drain pipe 222 and is disconnected from the internal drain pipe 223; when the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the third operating position, the upper wash tub 22 is in communication with the internal drain pipe 223 and is disconnected from the external drain pipe 222. During the washing and rinsing operations of the upper washing drum 22, the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the first operating position, and the upper washing drum 22 is disconnected from the external drain pipe 222 and the internal drain pipe 223, so that the water in the upper washing drum 22 does not flow out during the operation; when the washing water, the rinsing water, etc. in the upper washing tub 22 need to be directly drained out of the washing machine, the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the second operating position, the upper washing tub 22 is communicated with the external drain pipe 222 and disconnected from the internal drain pipe 223, so that the water in the upper washing tub 22 can be drained out of the washing machine through the external drain pipe 222; when the rinse water of the upper wash tub 22 needs to be reused in the lower wash tub 21, the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the third operating position, and the upper wash tub 22 is connected to the internal drain pipe 223 and disconnected from the external drain pipe 222, so that the rinse water of the upper wash tub 22 is injected into the lower wash tub 21 through the internal drain pipe 223 and can be used for washing or rinsing thereof.
The embodiment of the invention provides a control method for a water distribution system of a washing machine to distribute water, which comprises the following steps:
s1, opening a water inlet valve of the main water inlet pipe 71 to enable water of the main water inlet pipe 71 to enter the washing powder feeding cavity 722 so as to flush the detergent in the washing powder feeding cavity 722 into the premixing cavity 74 for dissolution;
s2, opening a valve of a water diversion pipe 75 corresponding to one of the laundry drums to be operated, and flushing the washing powder solution in the premixing cavity 74 into the laundry drum to realize water injection and throwing of the washing powder into the laundry drum;
and S3, repeating the steps S1-S2, and realizing water injection and washing powder feeding of all the washing cylinders to be operated.
Due to the arrangement of the premixing cavity 74, after the water is fed into the main water inlet pipe 71, the washing powder in the washing powder feeding cavity 722 is flushed into the premixing cavity 74 by the water, and the washing powder is dissolved in the premixing cavity 74, so that the subsequent washing of the clothes is facilitated. Then, by opening the valve of the water diversion pipe 75 corresponding to one of the laundry drums to be operated, the laundry powder dissolved in the premixing cavity 74 is flushed into the corresponding laundry drum by water, and the automatic dispensing and feeding of the laundry powder of the laundry drum to be operated is completed. And then, repeating the steps S1-S2, and finishing water injection of all the washing cylinders to be operated and distribution and putting of the washing powder in sequence, so that automatic distribution and delivery of the washing powder are realized, and the user experience is improved.
It should be noted that: steps S1 and S2 may be performed simultaneously, that is, when the main water inlet pipe 71 is opened, the valve of the water diversion pipe 75 corresponding to one laundry drum to be operated may also be opened simultaneously, so that the laundry powder in the laundry powder feeding chamber 722 is flushed into the laundry drum to be operated by the water in the main water inlet pipe 71 through the premixing chamber 74 and the water diversion pipe 75, and then dissolved in the laundry drum.
In order to accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the premixing chamber 74, after the step S1, the step S2 is preceded by the following steps:
and S1', starting the heating device 741, so that the heating device 741 heats the washing powder solution in the premixing cavity 74 to accelerate the dissolution of the washing powder.
When a plurality of washing cylinders work simultaneously, the washing powder is thrown at intervals, the washing powder in the premixing cavity 74 is dissolved unevenly, and the washing cylinder to be worked is thrown excessively or insufficiently, so that the washing time is prolonged if the washing powder is sufficiently dissolved. Therefore, the heating device 741 connected to the pre-mixing chamber 74 can increase the solubility of the washing powder, thereby increasing the washing effect of the laundry. Because the volume of the premixing cavity 74 is small, the heating speed is high, and when the valve of the main water inlet pipe 71 and the valve of the water diversion pipe 75 corresponding to the washing cylinder to be operated are opened simultaneously, the washing powder can still be fully dissolved in the water in the period from the time when the solution of the washing powder and the water flows into the premixing cavity 74 to the time when the solution of the washing powder and the water flows out.
The embodiment also provides a control method for the water distribution system of the three-drum washing machine, which comprises the following steps:
n1, controlling the throwing pump to throw a set amount of laundry detergent and/or softener into the premixing cavity;
n2, opening a water inlet valve of the main water inlet pipe to enable water of the main water inlet pipe to enter the premixing cavity so as to dissolve laundry detergent and/or softener in the premixing cavity;
n3, opening a valve of a water distribution pipe corresponding to the laundry drum to be operated, and flushing the laundry detergent and/or softener solution in the premixing cavity into the laundry drum to realize water injection and detergent feeding of the laundry drum;
n4, repeating the steps N1-N3, and realizing water injection of all the laundry drums to be operated and the throwing of the laundry detergent and/or the softener.
Since the dosing pump can be controlled to dose the set amount of the laundry detergent and/or the softener into the premixing cavity 74, the waste of the laundry detergent and/or the softener caused by too little dosing of the laundry detergent and/or the softener and the influence on the washing effect of the clothes or too much dosing of the laundry detergent and/or the softener can be avoided. Then, the water is fed from the main water pipe to dissolve the laundry detergent and/or softener in the premixing cavity 74, and then the laundry detergent and/or softener is injected into the laundry drum to be worked through the water pipe 75, so that the quantitative automatic dosing of the laundry drum to be worked with the detergent is completed. And then, repeating the steps N1-N3 to realize the water injection and the detergent feeding of all the laundry cylinders to be operated, thereby facilitating the washing of the clothes of the user.
It should be noted that: the laundry detergent and the softener are liquid, the amount of the laundry detergent and the softener can be volume or mass, and the volume and the mass can be converted into a formula.
The method for setting the dosage of the laundry detergent and/or the softener is not exclusive, for example, the user can directly set the dosage of the laundry detergent and/or the softener, and in addition, the dosage of the laundry detergent and/or the softener can also be calculated by weighing the clothes in the laundry drum. Compared with the method that the user directly sets the control dosage, the dosage of the laundry detergent and/or the softener is calculated more accurately by a weighing method, and the laundry machine can automatically set the dosage of the laundry detergent and/or the softener according to the weight of clothes.
The method for weighing the laundry inside the washing drum is not exclusive, and for example, a pressure sensor can be arranged below the washing drum, and the weight of the laundry placed inside the washing drum can be measured by the pressure sensor. In addition, the clothes in the washing drum can be weighed by the motor of the washing drum, compared with the method that the pressure sensor is arranged at the bottom of the washing drum, the method that the motor of the washing drum is used for weighing the clothes in the washing drum is simpler, and the problem that the pressure sensor is inconvenient to install can be solved. The method for measuring the weight of the laundry by using the motor of the washing drum is also various, and is not limited to the above method.
Further, the dispensing pump dispenses the respective laundry detergent and softener into the premix chamber 74, including: and controlling the putting time of the putting pump to realize the quantitative putting of the detergent. Because the discharge capacity of the feeding pump is fixed, the detergent feeding capacity of the feeding pump in a certain time is fixed, and therefore quantitative feeding of the detergent can be accurately achieved by controlling the feeding time of the feeding pump.
In order to accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the premixing chamber 74, a heating device 741 is connected to the premixing chamber 74, and after the step N2, the method further comprises the following steps before the step N3:
n2', turning on the heating device 741 to heat the detergent solution in the pre-mixing chamber 74 by the heating device 741, so as to accelerate the dissolution of the laundry detergent and the softener.
Since the steps of N2 'are similar to the step of S1', the heating device 741 is turned on to accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the pre-mixing chamber 74, and the advantageous effects are the same, and will not be described herein.
In order to further accelerate the dissolution of the detergent in the premixing chamber 74, a circulation pipe 743 is connected to the premixing chamber 74, the circulation pipe 743 is connected in series with a circulation pump 742, and after the step N2, the following steps are further included before the step N3:
n2' turns on circulation pump 742 to circulate the solution in premix chamber 74 through circulation conduit 743.
In cooperation with the heating of the heating device 741, the circulation pump 742 can circulate the solution in the pre-mixing chamber 74 through the circulation pipe 743, thereby further promoting the dissolution of the detergent in the pre-mixing chamber 74.
The embodiment also provides a control method for the water diversion system of the three-drum washing machine to repeatedly use water, which comprises the following steps:
when the user input the water reuse instruction is detected, when the washing water needs to be injected into the lower washing drum 21, the washing process of the upper washing drum 22 is monitored, and when the upper washing drum 22 finishes at least one rinsing, the electromagnetic valve 224 is controlled to switch to the third working position by sending an instruction for controlling the electromagnetic valve 224 to switch.
Since the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the third operation position when the upper washing tub 22 is rinsed at least once, the rinsing water in the upper washing tub 22 is injected into the lower washing tub 21 through the internal drain pipe 223, so that the rinsing water in the upper washing tub 22 can be used as washing water in the lower washing tub 21, thereby recycling the rinsing water in the upper washing tub 22.
It should be noted that: whether the above-mentioned method of controlling the reuse of water is performed or not depends on the user's requirement, and only when the user needs to use the rinse water of the upper washing tub 22 as the washing water of the lower washing tub 21, and inputs the command of the reuse of water, at this time, the washing machine starts to monitor the washing process of the upper washing tub 22, and when the upper washing tub 22 finishes at least one rinsing, the solenoid valve 224 is switched to the third operating position, at this time, the rinse water in the upper washing tub 22 is injected into the lower washing tub 21 through the internal drain pipe 223. If the user does not input the water reuse instruction, the step is not executed.
Further, the above steps further include the steps of:
when the rinsing water is required to be injected into the lower washing tub 21, the washing process of the upper washing tub 22 is monitored, and when the upper washing tub 22 is rinsed for the last time, a command for controlling the switching of the solenoid valve 224 is issued to switch the solenoid valve 224 to the third operating position.
Since the lower washing drum 21 needs relatively clear water for rinsing the laundry, when the upper washing drum 22 is rinsed for the last time, the rinsing water in the upper washing drum 22 is relatively clear, the solenoid valve 224 can be switched to the third operating position, the rinsing water in the upper washing drum 22 is injected into the lower washing drum 21 through the internal drain pipe 223, and the last rinsing water in the upper washing drum 22 can be used as the rinsing water in the lower washing drum 21.
Other structures of this embodiment are the same as those of the first embodiment, and the beneficial effects are also the same, which are not described herein again.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily conceive of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and all the changes or substitutions should be covered within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. A three-cylinder washing machine is characterized by comprising a machine shell, wherein a washing cylinder assembly is arranged in the machine shell, the washing cylinder assembly comprises a lower washing cylinder and two upper washing cylinders which are arranged above the lower washing cylinder side by side, the lower washing cylinder and the two upper washing cylinders are both drum-type washing cylinders, and the capacity of the lower washing cylinder is larger than that of any one upper washing cylinder; the washing drum assembly is supported on the bottom plate of the machine shell through at least one pair of combined vibration dampers, each combined vibration damper comprises a main vibration damper and an auxiliary vibration damper, the first end of the main vibration damper is connected with the bottom plate of the machine shell, the second end of the main vibration damper is connected with the lower washing drum, the first end of the auxiliary vibration damper is connected with the middle part of the main vibration damper through a connecting piece, the connecting piece is relatively fixed with the main vibration damper, and the second end of the auxiliary vibration damper is connected with the lower washing drum.
2. The three-tub washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second end of the sub-damper is higher than the second end of the main damper.
3. The three-tub washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upper and lower washing tub are connected by a connection assembly including a shock-absorbing connection member, at least a portion of which is made of a flexible material.
4. The three-tub washing machine according to claim 3, wherein the damper coupling member includes two rigid coupling parts and a flexible damper part, the flexible damper part is fixedly connected between the two rigid coupling parts, the rigid coupling part located at an upper side of the flexible damper part is coupled to the upper washing tub, and the rigid coupling part located at a lower side of the flexible damper part is coupled to the lower washing tub.
5. The three-tub washing machine according to claim 4, wherein the rigid connection part is made of a metal material, the flexible damping part is made of a rubber material, and the rigid connection part and the flexible damping part are fixedly connected as one body through a vulcanization process.
6. The three-tub washing machine according to any one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the connection assembly further comprises a front connection block disposed adjacent to a tub opening of the washing tub assembly and a rear connection block disposed adjacent to a rear motor of the washing tub assembly, and a weight of the front connection block is greater than a weight of the rear connection block.
7. The three-tub washing machine according to claim 1, wherein the upper washing tub includes one outer tub and two inner tubs inside the outer tub.
8. The three-tub washing machine according to claim 7, wherein a first hanging spring is connected between the outer tub of the upper washing tub and the inner wall of the cabinet, and a second hanging spring is connected between the outer tub of the lower washing tub and the inner wall of the cabinet.
9. The three-tub washing machine according to claim 8, wherein the first hanging spring is connected to an upper portion of the inner wall of the cabinet, and the second hanging spring is connected to a middle portion of the inner wall of the cabinet.
10. The three-tub washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a weight is connected to the lower part of the lower washing tub below the tub opening.
CN201610718578.XA 2016-08-24 2016-08-24 Three-drum washing machine Active CN106637816B (en)

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