CN106631315A - Compound organic matrix for seedling culture and production method of compound organic matrix - Google Patents

Compound organic matrix for seedling culture and production method of compound organic matrix Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106631315A
CN106631315A CN201510734730.9A CN201510734730A CN106631315A CN 106631315 A CN106631315 A CN 106631315A CN 201510734730 A CN201510734730 A CN 201510734730A CN 106631315 A CN106631315 A CN 106631315A
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China
Prior art keywords
auxiliary
main
wood flour
water
mushroom bran
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Pending
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CN201510734730.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷世英
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Chongqing Shangyuan Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Chongqing Shangyuan Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510734730.9A priority Critical patent/CN106631315A/en
Publication of CN106631315A publication Critical patent/CN106631315A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to soilless culture technologies, in particular to a compound organic matrix for seedling culture and a production method of the compound organic matrix. The compound organic matrix is high in nutrient content and water retaining performance, waste recycling is realized, and high economic values and practical values are achieved.

Description

A kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis and its production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation technique without soil, and in particular to a kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis and its production method.
Background technology
At present, China's soilless culture is started late, mainly based on cultivated cucumber, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.Send out in vegetable production During exhibition, factory's intelligent seedling raising is a very important link, and the special hole tray of a different size is made to hold Device, substrate is made with lightweight without soil material, by precision drilling, is covered substrate, is watered, and realizes once-seedling forming Modernization seedling-raising technique.
The cultivation technique without soil of industrial seedling rearing has obtained extensive popularization and application, and is used for the hole tray of soilless culture The material of nursery --- substrate is key point.Good host material must be conducive to the stretching, extension of root system of plant And attachment;The growth and development condition such as water, fertilizer, air and heat, pH value can be provided for root system of plant;Without to planting Thing grows unfavorable harmful, noxious substance;With the cushioning effect that preferable physical chemistry absorbs, can dissolve The exotic or root system sheet issuable harmful substance in metabolic processes, makes crop root growth Environment is more stable;Suitable batchwise production operations, meet standardisation requirements etc..Previous substrate mainly takes In peat and Vermiculitum or perlite mixture, these host materials have certain quality heterosis to material, but it Belong to non-renewable resources, source limitation, price.For this purpose, industry personnel carries out from many aspects base The research of material, such as adopt medicinal residues, acid-sludge, the various slag charges of schlempe, or using rice husk, Exocarpium cocois (Cocos nucifera L), The various housings such as cotton seed hullss, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, or the industrial or agricultural such as crop material organic solid castoff is adopted for raw material, The various organic culture substrates of exploitation synthesis.And the quality of above-mentioned each substrate, it is applied in hole plate seedling growth, Effect is also uneven.It is summed up, is primarily present problems with:One is that nutrient contained by substrate is not enough, difficult Seedling growth needs during to meet whole nursery, such as supplement conventional compound fertilizer, and fertilizer damage is easily caused again;Two It is substrate buffer poor-performing, it is impossible to adapt to multi items nursery;Three is that substrate water holding capacity is poor, be increased Management cost in seedling raising process, also easily induces disease;Four is that base starting material supply is unstable, causes product Quality is unstable.
The content of the invention
Present invention aim at providing a kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis and its production method.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the present invention is as follows using technical scheme:
A kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis, its primary raw material is mushroom bran and wood flour, auxiliary material be peat, Vermiculitum, plant ash, perlite, additive is water-retaining agent, fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, wherein, it is main former Material be with auxiliary material volume ratio:Mushroom bran 20-40, wood flour 20-30, peat 5-10, Vermiculitum 5-10, grass Wood ash 10-20, perlite 8-15;Per cubic metre main and auxiliary to help raw material to add the weight of additive to be:Water conservation Agent 100-200g, fertilizer 0.8-1kg, ferrous sulfate 3-6kg.
The step of a kind of method of the seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis for producing claim 1, production method is:
(1) pretreatment of primary raw material mushroom bran and wood flour:According to being crushed after volume ratio mixing, add water Heap fermentation is carried out after 40-60%, to wood flour color brown is faded to;
(2) mix and stir in pretreated main material above-mentioned, add by volume commercial peat, Vermiculitum, from The plant ash of system, perlite;
(3) it is water-retaining agent by the additive added with weight/power ratio in per cubic metre of main and auxiliary raw material, has Machine fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, then by main materials and auxiliary materials, the common uniform mixing of additive.
Described mushroom bran is the cultivation waste material of Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia or Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing.
The present invention have the advantages that compared with prior art, (1) using mushroom bran as primary raw material, Mushroom bran decompose after containing substantial amounts of nutritional labeling and N P and K, the content of organic matter is high in wood flour, quality is loose, With hole, thus it is particularly suitable for the primary raw material as organic substrate.(2) water-retaining agent and fertilizer are added Afterwards, the effective ingredient of substrate is increased, for plant growing comprehensive nutrient is provided.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis, its primary raw material is mushroom bran and wood flour, auxiliary material be peat, Vermiculitum, plant ash, perlite, additive is water-retaining agent, fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, wherein, it is main former Material be with auxiliary material volume ratio:Mushroom bran 20, wood flour 30, peat 5, Vermiculitum 10, plant ash 10, Margarita Rock 15;Per cubic metre main and auxiliary to help raw material to add the weight of additive to be:Water-retaining agent 100g, fertilizer 0.8kg, Ferrous sulfate 3kg.
The step of a kind of method of the seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis for producing claim 1, production method is:
(1) pretreatment of primary raw material mushroom bran and wood flour:According to being crushed after volume ratio mixing, add water Heap fermentation is carried out after 40-60%, to wood flour color brown is faded to;
(2) mix and stir in pretreated main material above-mentioned, add by volume commercial peat, Vermiculitum, from The plant ash of system, perlite;
(3) it is water-retaining agent by the additive added with weight/power ratio in per cubic metre of main and auxiliary raw material, has Machine fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, then by main materials and auxiliary materials, the common uniform mixing of additive.
Described mushroom bran is the cultivation waste material of Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia or Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing.
Embodiment 2
A kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis, its primary raw material is mushroom bran and wood flour, auxiliary material be peat, Vermiculitum, plant ash, perlite, additive is water-retaining agent, fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, wherein, it is main former Material be with auxiliary material volume ratio:Mushroom bran 40, wood flour 20, peat, Vermiculitum 5, plant ash 20, perlite 8;Per cubic metre main and auxiliary to help raw material to add the weight of additive to be:Water-retaining agent 200g, fertilizer 1kg, sulfur Sour ferrous iron 6kg.
The step of a kind of method of the seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis for producing claim 1, production method is:
(1) pretreatment of primary raw material mushroom bran and wood flour:According to being crushed after volume ratio mixing, add water Heap fermentation is carried out after 40-60%, to wood flour color brown is faded to;
(2) mix and stir in pretreated main material above-mentioned, add by volume commercial peat, Vermiculitum, from The plant ash of system, perlite;
(3) it is water-retaining agent by the additive added with weight/power ratio in per cubic metre of main and auxiliary raw material, has Machine fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, then by main materials and auxiliary materials, the common uniform mixing of additive.
Described mushroom bran is the cultivation waste material of Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia or Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing.
Embodiment 3
A kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis, its primary raw material is mushroom bran and wood flour, auxiliary material be peat, Vermiculitum, plant ash, perlite, additive is water-retaining agent, fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, wherein, it is main former Material be with auxiliary material volume ratio:Mushroom bran 30, wood flour 25, peat 7, Vermiculitum 8, plant ash 15, Margarita Rock 12;Per cubic metre main and auxiliary to help raw material to add the weight of additive to be:Water-retaining agent 150g, fertilizer 0.9kg, Ferrous sulfate 5kg.
The step of a kind of method of the seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis for producing claim 1, production method is:
(1) pretreatment of primary raw material mushroom bran and wood flour:According to being crushed after volume ratio mixing, add water Heap fermentation is carried out after 40-60%, to wood flour color brown is faded to;
(2) mix and stir in pretreated main material above-mentioned, add by volume commercial peat, Vermiculitum, from The plant ash of system, perlite;
(3) it is water-retaining agent by the additive added with weight/power ratio in per cubic metre of main and auxiliary raw material, has Machine fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, then by main materials and auxiliary materials, the common uniform mixing of additive.
Described mushroom bran is the cultivation waste material of Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia or Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis, it is characterised in that:Its primary raw material is mushroom bran and wood flour, auxiliary Raw material is helped for peat, Vermiculitum, plant ash, perlite, additive is water-retaining agent, fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, Wherein, primary raw material is with auxiliary material volume ratio:Mushroom bran 20-40, wood flour 20-30, peat 5-10, trematodiasiss Stone 5-10, plant ash 10-20, perlite 8-15;Per cubic metre of main and auxiliary weight for helping raw material to add additive Amount is:Water-retaining agent 100-200g, fertilizer 0.8-1kg, ferrous sulfate 3-6kg.
2. a kind of method of the seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis for producing claim 1, it is characterised in that the production The step of method is:
(1) pretreatment of primary raw material mushroom bran and wood flour:According to being crushed after volume ratio mixing, add water Heap fermentation is carried out after 40-60%, to wood flour color brown is faded to;
(2) mix and stir in pretreated main material above-mentioned, add by volume commercial peat, Vermiculitum, from The plant ash of system, perlite;
(3) it is water-retaining agent by the additive added with weight/power ratio in per cubic metre of main and auxiliary raw material, has Machine fertilizer, ferrous sulfate, then by main materials and auxiliary materials, the common uniform mixing of additive.
3. a kind of seedling cultivation composite organic matter basis according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Mushroom bran for Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia or Flammulina velutiper (Fr.) Sing cultivation waste material.
CN201510734730.9A 2015-11-02 2015-11-02 Compound organic matrix for seedling culture and production method of compound organic matrix Pending CN106631315A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107197698A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-26 陈付记 A kind of root pruning and grafting method for culturing seedlings that watermelon is cultivated for second crop soil
CN107216194A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-09-29 兰溪市顺光园艺技术有限公司 Sweet osmanthus seedling medium and preparation method thereof
CN108064656A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-25 北京乾建绿化工程有限公司 A kind of Chinese rose soilless culture substrate and cultural method
CN111727802A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-02 广西壮族自治区国有维都林场 Novel cultivation method of Chinese toon sprouts

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107216194A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-09-29 兰溪市顺光园艺技术有限公司 Sweet osmanthus seedling medium and preparation method thereof
CN107197698A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-26 陈付记 A kind of root pruning and grafting method for culturing seedlings that watermelon is cultivated for second crop soil
CN108064656A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-25 北京乾建绿化工程有限公司 A kind of Chinese rose soilless culture substrate and cultural method
CN111727802A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-02 广西壮族自治区国有维都林场 Novel cultivation method of Chinese toon sprouts

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