CN106630747A - Ecological shell powder embossment coating and interior wall embossment construction method - Google Patents

Ecological shell powder embossment coating and interior wall embossment construction method Download PDF

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CN106630747A
CN106630747A CN201610901623.5A CN201610901623A CN106630747A CN 106630747 A CN106630747 A CN 106630747A CN 201610901623 A CN201610901623 A CN 201610901623A CN 106630747 A CN106630747 A CN 106630747A
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embossment
coating
oyster shell
shell whiting
mesh
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由盛全
杜志国
由哲华
佟佳圣
佟朝富
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佟朝富
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B26/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing only organic binders, e.g. polymer or resin concrete
    • C04B26/02Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B26/04Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/02Implements for finishing work on buildings for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, e.g. plastering walls
    • E04F21/06Implements for applying plaster, insulating material, or the like
    • E04F21/08Mechanical implements
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00025Aspects relating to the protection of the health, e.g. materials containing special additives to afford skin protection
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    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
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    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors

Abstract

The invention relates to environmental-friendly coating, in particular to an ecological shell powder embossment coating and an embossment construction method. The ecological shell powder embossment coating comprises shell powder, hydrated magnesium silicate, vinyl acetate, hydroxyethyl cellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, polydimethylsiloxane, titanium dioxide, propyl alcohol ether, coating wear-resistant hardening agent-aluminum oxide, a nano TiO2 (titanium dioxide)/white carbon black composite photocatalytic material. The ecological shell powder embossment coating has the advantages that the pollution problem caused by 'formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radon, an organic compounds TVOC (total volatile organic compound) and alkylphenol ethoxylates' is solved; the problems of yellowing, mildewing, swelling, discolouring, dusting, cracking, low hardness, short service life and generation of large amounts of bacteria after getting damp of a traditional interior wall material are solved. The embossment construction method has the advantages that skin textures of an embossment can reach to a 3D (three-dimensional) effect with bright color, solid figures are realistic and lifelike, people have a feel of be personally on the scene, and a high artistic appreciation value is obtained.

Description

A kind of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating and interior wall embossment construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environment-friendly type textured coating, i.e., a kind of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating and construction method.
Background technology
The present invention is modified with regard to sea shells remains comprehensive utilization of resources for the shell of heavy metal ion and Adsorption of Organic Technology, the impact of oyster shell whiting surface chemical property and pore structure to typical adsorption process, realizes heavy metal ion, and water solubility has The high efficiency selected absorption of machine thing, fat-soluble organic matter and volatile organic matter;Compound changing is carried out to oyster shell whiting using other materials Property, composite modified to oyster shell whiting pore structure and its heat-insulated, the impact of noise abatement performance;Using the graft modification skill on oyster shell whiting surface Art, dispersion behavior of the modified oyster shell whiting in polymer resin matrix and its impact to performances such as compound resin mechanics, heat.
Do that embossment is expensive using stone material, long in time limit, construction method is loaded down with trivial details.Traditional metope relief materials are harmful because of release Material radioactive radon and will not caused by " breathe, damping " institute " greenhouse effects ", to frock, house ornamentation, shop dress comfortable for living with And health produces significant impact.The environment that wall material traditional product is present, formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radon, organic compound, TVOC, a huge sum of money The problem of category pollution.
The dispensing for how selecting shell powder paint has more good physical property, reaches interior wall textured coating formula and has more Standby scientific, particularly interior wall textured coating reaches in the application its technique skin texture and requires and meet customer need.The present invention recognizes To there is following defect and deficiency in existing shell powder paint as follows formula:
Water reducer:(1)Polycarboxylate water-reducer:Pulvis complex process is fabricated to, processing difficulties affect oyster shell whiting textured coating to guarantee the quality Time limit, adaptability affects product quality than relatively limited, and cost of material is higher.It is relative to improve product manufacturing direct cost.(2)Fat Fat race high efficiency water reducing agent:Color is excessively red, causes proportioning pigment difficult to face is adjusted.(3)Naphthalene water reducer:There is crystallization in winter, affects Construction effect.Water reducer use requirement is complicated, with other additive complexes using carrying out trial test and intermiscibility experiment, increases Plus setting time.
Titanium dioxide:(1)Environment protection treating is with high costs, and raising product cost is larger, and product price lifting does not meet popular Consumption.(2)In conventional Chinese white, relative density is minimum, the largest surface area of the Chinese white of equal quality, and volume is most It is high.(3)The production of titanium dioxide is polluted very greatly, is unfavorable for environmental protection.
Silica flour:Respirable dust, affects human respiratory tract's health.
Grey calcium:(1)It is corrosive.(2)It is toxic to health.Human body excessive consumption calcium hydroxide can cause dangerous Symptom, for example expiratory dyspnea, internal haemorrhage, Muscle paralysis, low blood pressure, hinder myosin and actin system, increase blood The pH value of liquid, causes visceral injury etc..
Coarse whiting:(1)Moisture and low-molecular material confrontation product in coarse whiting is all harmful, Gu molecule and lower-molecular substance make system Product produce defect and chill mark, seriously can make in product in cellular or generation bridge formation fracture, affect the mechanical properties and product Outward appearance, easily produces contraction fissure.(2)Coarse whiting is relatively low due to grain value.(3)Intensity adjustable extent is little, and tensile strength is low. (4)Meeting water can soften.
Kaolin:Increase early-age shrinkage, the danger of early crack.It is dried sensitivity coefficient K>2, easily form defect. The color such as grey, yellow, brown can be carried when there is impurity.Alkaline resistance properties is poor.
Catabolic enzyme:Decomposing protein, carbohydrate.
Defoamer:(1)Affect production capacity(2)Waste raw material and product(3)Extend reaction time(4)Affect product quality (5)It is unfavorable for accurately metering(6)Pollution environment.
The birth of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, meets Environmentally friendly coatings utilization rate less than 50%, improves People are environmentally friendly to modern wall material health, all consumption demands such as attractive in appearance, and from this, metope wall material enters an environmental protection, ring Protect also economical, innovation and development, coordinated development, open-development is shared " the oyster shell whiting epoch " of development.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating and construction method for above-mentioned deficiency, In the flat painting of inner wall decoration oyster shell whiting, bullet does embossing technology on the basis of applying.Further solving " formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radon, organises Compound TVOC, APEO " pollution problems.Solve the jaundice of conventional chamber inner wall material, mouldy, bulge, discoloration, crack, shedding, non-anti-scratch Wash, use time is short, get damp after grow the problem of a large amount of bacteriums.Solve indoor temperature, humidity, air freshness problem.
The feature of oyster shell whiting embossment:Textured coating, constitutes in two sub-sections, and one is the aggregate of textured coating.Two are The face of textured coating applies.Embossment is not only a kind of brand-new decorative art coating, the even more perfect performance of decorative art.Use embossment Spray gun spray flower, then use up modeling cylinder or receive light hilt press it is flat, be dried after can make by hand on basal plane it is various sun carve Areal shape.Embossment is one kind of complex layer coating form of construction work, levelling by basic unit, and --- spraying embossment intermediate layer --- is made by handwork Various embossing technology skin texture.Embossing technology has irregular stereoeffect, and texture is stronger, can be by selecting different mouths during construction The spray gun and regulation air pressure size in footpath sprays out different size of flower pattern effect.Embossing technology key performance assessment criteria is embossment point Whether bonding action that is uniform in picturesque disorder and making relief pattern by hand.
Oyster shell whiting embossment pulp coating is a kind of match volume colored metope application art texture coating true to nature, after decoration Metope exactly like perception effect as embossment, so referred to as oyster shell whiting embossment.Embossment is not only a kind of brand-new decorative art and applies The perfect performance of material, even more decorative art.
Feature:Unique decorative effect, emulates anaglyph, and coating is hard, caking property is strong, fire-retardant, sound insulation, mould proof, skill Art sense is strong.
The spatial configuration of embossment is three-dimensional solid shape, it is also possible to have both certain plane configuration;Both certain load can have been depended on Body can exist relatively independently again.Needs or decoration needs are viewed and admired for suitable certain view, embossment is prominent special with respect to circular engravure Levy be Jing body compression process after two dimension or flatness of the response.
The difference of embossment and circular engravure is its relative flatness with it is three-dimensional.Its spatial shape is between painting So-called compression stroke between the 3D solid space that the had two-dimensional virtual space of picture and circular engravure have.Compression stroke is limited The Free Development in embossment space has been determined under the support of flat background, the entity sense of circular engravure is reduced, and more adopted and profit Performance purpose is reached with the virtual and illusion in drawing and perspective science.Compared with circular engravure, embossment is more to be located according to drawing principle Reason space and shape relations.But, in reflection aesthetic image, this center is pursued, and embossment and circular engravure are completely the same, differences Gimmick form shown by simply certain barment tag.One of species as scuoptor, embossment shows first sculpture The general features of art, i.e. its aesthetic effect is not only appealed to vision but also is related to tactile.At the same time, it can send out well again Advantage of the graphics art at aspects such as composition, subject matter and spatial manipulations is waved, content and object that circular engravure to be showed, example is showed Background such as event and personage is various from environment, the continuous and turnover of narration plot, the free switching at different space-time visual angles, complexity Interspersed and overlap of things etc..Chiseling in plane and mould, allow the technical advantage of embossment synthesis sculpture and drawing, keep Diversity and variation in gimmick.Perspective reduction in two-dimensional space, the background for serving as a contrast or foil main image is portrayed or virtually, makes to float That what is carved moulds language than its other sculptures especially circular engravure, and with higher narrative the performance of general sculpture is not lost simultaneously yet Property.Different degrees of, two kinds of grown forms --- high relief and the bas-relief of formation embossment of compression stroke.High relief is due to playing position Higher, thicker, body compression degree is less, therefore its spatial configuration and moulds feature closer to circular engravure, or even part local Process completely using the processing mode of circular engravure.
High relief is often risen and fallen using the space of three-dimensional body or exaggeration is processed, and forms the spatial depth sense of concentration and strong Visual impact, make anaglyphy for image moulding with a kind of special expressive force and glamour.Paris, FRA wears height Famous building relief on happy square Arc De Triomphe《1792 years set out》, it is the masterpiece of high relief.Artist is by circular engravure and embossment Handing technique successfully combined, fully show personage and mutually fold wrong, the complicated hierarchical relationship of fluctuations, give people With visual impact sense that is strong, blowing against one's face.Basse-taille position is relatively low, and body compression is larger, and plane sense is stronger, more Ground is close to form of painting.It is primarily not building Space, and more using the description of drawing by entity space Causing more abstract compression stroke, this is conducive to strengthening embossment being suitable for carrier the processing mode such as gimmick or perspective, illusion Dependency.The ancient Assyrian of Mesopotamia, is most good in the artist that artistic expression is carried out with this means.
In a series of " Assyrian hunts and schemes ", they use well basse-taille gimmick, are rich in timing and the rhythm Spry artistic image is shown to sense, and the inherent emotion that personage and animal are relevantly shown with complicated kinetic potential. The selection of embossment space compression degree, will generally consider the factors such as function, theme, environment position and the light of expressive object, its Middle environment plays decisive role with light factor.Outstanding sculptor can well process these relations, so that works Reach good visual effect.Giving full expression under the basic creation principal of aesthetic emotion, the different shape of embossment is each There is the adaptability for stressing or showing in artistic character.In general, the larger spatial depth of high relief and stronger plasticity, Its emotional expression form is given with serious, sedate, serious, simple and honest effect and broad imposing manner;Basse-taille is then with natural and smooth As the painting performance lines that spring up and the flatness composition of multiple views incision, transmit as gentle sentiment and the lyric as light music Romantic tenderness.
The development of scuoptor makes circular engravure increasingly enhance its relative independentability, by contrast, although embossment is more Be limited by a kind of dependence, i.e., to the dependence of " plane " or " metope ", but the performance speciality of its uniqueness and abundant sculpture Modelling meanses are still that other art forms are irreplaceable.
And, its aesthetic performance increasingly enhances its relative independentability under the promotion of modern art revolution, also.To solid The dependence and adaptability of fixed " inner wall surface ", no longer seemed as classic embossment on modern embossment it is so strong, It is overcautious and unshakable.For modern embossment, as carrier or environment " inner wall surface " be it is free, selectable, it Therefore there is the broad space of Free Development.
Embossing technology advantage
Embossment third dimension is strong, pattern is simple and honest, can build the anaglyph of various aesthetic feelings.Quality is hard, resistance to delineation, have good waterproof Effect.Good facade is sprayed and manual skin texture processing performance, and construction is simple, weather resistance, anti-aging, colour-fast, not shedding, Salt spray resistance, acid and alkali-resistance, water imbibition are strong, and with absorption peculiar smell performance, asepsis environment-protecting, resistance tocrocking is strong.
The present invention technical solution be:A kind of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, it is characterised in that by following heavy The raw material of amount number is made:Calcined shell powder 60.0-70.0, the mesh of particle diameter 600;Hydrated magnesium silicate 8.0-8.5, particle diameter 600- 800 mesh;Vinylacetate 8.0-9.0;Hydroxyethyl cellulose 0.7-1.0;Polyvinyl alcohol 1.0-2.0, the mesh of particle diameter 100;Poly- diformazan Radical siloxane 0.1-0.3;Titanium dioxide 2.0-3.0;Third pure ether 3.0-4.0;The wear-resisting hardening agent aluminum oxide of coating(Hardness agent) 5.0-6.0;Nano-TiO2/ white carbon composite photocatalyst material 6.0-10.0, the mesh of particle diameter 325.
It is preferred that:Oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, it is characterised in that be prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Calcining shellfish Shell powder 60.7%, the mesh of particle diameter 600;Hydrated magnesium silicate 8.5%, particle diameter 600-800 mesh;Vinylacetate 9.0%;Hydroxyethyl cellulose 1.0%;Polyvinyl alcohol 2.0%, the mesh of particle diameter 100;Dimethyl silicone polymer 0.3%;Titanium dioxide 2.5%;Third pure ether 4.0%;Coating is resistance to Mill hardening agent aluminum oxide 6.0%;Nano-TiO2/ white carbon composite photocatalyst material 6.0%, the mesh of particle diameter 325.
Calcined shell powder is made up of oyster shell and scallop shell, wherein:Oyster shell 15%, scallop shell 85%.Its preparation method is such as Under:By two kinds of shell Jing acid soaks 2-3h, sterilization, scale removal effect are played.Then Jing alkali immersion 1h, plays degreasing, desalting effect. Again No. bis- rinsing machine clear water of Jing wash 0.15-0.2h, and the dehydration of Jing cylinders dewatering screen is sent into drier, arranged after the drying Cyclone dust collectors dust removal process, is re-fed into being calcined dryer, in 900 DEG C of -1100 DEG C of calcining catalysis, sends into cooler and is cooled to 100 DEG C -150 DEG C, lifted to the extra-fine grinding of superfine grinding to 600 mesh, nanometer oyster shell whiting embossment raw material is obtained.
The interior wall embossment construction method of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, it is characterised in that the shell powder paint of metope Flat painting, bullet are applied and have to pass through 24h maintenances, are put down in oyster shell whiting and are applied, and are done embossing technology on bullet painting wall base face and are had to pass through 48 hours guarantors Support.Moisture content be less than 10%, pH value be less than 10,25 DEG C of typical temperature, relative humidity is below 85%.Shell powder paint is flat to be applied, and bullet is applied Need wall surface levelling, zero defect, without attachment, spraying idea is 3mm-4mm, and spray pressure is 0.4-0.5MPa, dry tack free 6-7 Layer can be embossed, and embossing technology skin texture thickness is up to 5mm-10mm.
The raw material of above parts by weight is made, and can reach product stability, and under 4000rpm, Li Xin≤2h are not stratified;Product table See Nian Du≤2000mpa.s;Rong solves Shi Jian≤10min(60rpm);Effective solid content 10-40%.
Purposes:It is directly used in interior wall coating and relief materials.
Embossment distribution its construction method solve wall decoration it is flat apply, bullet is applied, the simple process of roller coating, and make Wall surfacing is in 3D third dimensions, aesthetic feeling.This formula dispensing is capable of achieving colourful artisan craftsmanship and makes skin texture.Pattern is such as:Shellfish Shell powder engraving, unrestrained paintings, Chinese Tang Shi, hole stone, Toulon, negative and positive carve, superintends and directs horse paint imitate bag, plaster, annular knurl, embossing, rice perfume, Tao Wen, Water wave, thread, smear flower, Lian Bo, ripple, loose measure, scallop, brick skill, illusion, bark, double Tao Wen pitted skins, butterfly dance, graceful bearing, artistic Buddhist Print, auspicious cloud, such as great waves, glade, Pinghu, Jin Mu, and be capable of achieving single flower, to corner piece, design of scattered small flowers and plants, wallpaper flower, outline, painting and calligraphy, tree, The series of processes embossments such as roller flower, cartoon, corridor, Chinese feature, auspicious cloud, rich and honored, being in full flower, free thought make skin texture.
Using automation frequency conversion function in production technology, calcine technology is automatic temperature-controlled:600℃、800℃、850℃、900 DEG C, 1000 DEG C, 1100 DEG C of controllables.Superfine be milled, pulse dust removal technique, its main revolving body, lifting blade, transmission device and Seal, rational in infrastructure, product high energy consumption is low.Using natural gas heating resource, pulse dust removal is using domestic and international state-of-the-art online arteries and veins Punching, injection technology, thoroughly, running resistance is low for deashing, and efficiently, fully automated control, running efficiency is high for dedusting.Super fine grinding machine Product fineness disposably can reach d97≤5um. it by flour mill, powder feeding machine, powder collector, deduster, blower fan, silencer, sound insulation Room.The use of batcher integrative-structure, environment-friendly type, pulse dust collector and silencer can mitigate dust pollution, reduce noise, reach To the environmental protection standard of country, the environmental nonpollution to surrounding.It is state-of-the-art automatic from domestic advanced automated production equipment Calcining, frequency conversion, grinding, pulse dust removal, automatic blending material, automatic frequency adjustment, automatic canning, production line of packing automatically, to ensure to produce Quality, meets product function characteristic requirements.
Preparing raw material content explanation:
1st, oyster shell whiting:Main Ingredients and Appearance is calcium carbonate, and oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate is porous fibrous double helix construction structure Jing after calcining, can The free formaldehyde in air, ammonia and the peculiar smell produced by smoking are effectively removed, is purified the air of a room.In addition, oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate Loose structure be conducive to making the ecological wall material with photocatalyst characteristic.Oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate has antibacterial, sterilizing ability, can Realized by the supported active nano titanic oxide in oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate micropore and nano-tourmaline powder.Nano level titanium dioxide After titanium and nano level tourmaline powder are loaded among the micropore of oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate, with oyster shell whiting calcium carbonate be it is a kind of closely and It is firm to combine, will not come off because of scouring, the negative oxygen ion that discharges that can be permanent is purified and sterilized to room air Process.Oyster shell whiting is used as porous cavities structure, absorption, damping etc..Modified shell specific surface area>20 ㎡/g, below 150nm Micropore average pore size>8nm;Modified shell is to the heavy metal ion adsorbed capacity such as lead, copper, zinc>60mg/g, modification Adsorption capacity of the shell afterwards to organic dyestuff such as methyl blue, methylene blue, active yellow, active red, active blacks>100mg/g, changes Shell after property is to DNA adsorption capacities>0.0mg/g, be modified notch shock of the shell/polymer composites compared with polymeric matrix Performance improves more than 30%, and modified shell declines more than 10% compared with original soil thermal conductivity factor, and sound insulation value improves more than 10%.
2nd, hydrated magnesium silicate:Talcum main component is the aqueous magnesium silicate of talcum, and molecular formula is Mg3[ Si4O10(OH)2.Water Close magnesium silicate:Chemical grade talcum powder, for reinforcing modification filler.Feature:Increase stablizing for product line shape, increase tension force strong Degree, shear strength, flexing intensity, the intensity of pressure reduces deformation, extension rate, thermal coefficient of expansion, whiteness height, epigranular dispersion The features such as property is strong.
3rd, vinylacetate:Vinyl acetate is colourless liquid, with sweet ether taste;Be slightly soluble in water, be dissolved in alcohol, acetone, Benzene, chloroform.For making adhesive etc..
4th, hydroxyethyl cellulose:Hydroxyethyl cellulose as a kind of surfactant of nonionic, except with thickening, outstanding Floating, bonding, floatingization, film forming, dispersion, water conservation and offer protective colloid action.Make surfactant, colloid protective agent, The emulsions such as vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate take the emulsion stabilizer for sharing, and tackifier, dispersant, the dispersion stabilizer of latex etc.. It is widely used in coating.
5th, polyvinyl alcohol:Abbreviation PVA.Outward appearance is white powder, is that a kind of quite extensive water soluble polymer of purposes gathers Compound, with unique strong adherence, epithelium pliability, flatness, oil resistivity, solvent resistance, protecting colloid, gas resistance Absolutely property, wearability and the specially treated resistance to water having, are widely used as adhesive.
6th, dimethyl silicone polymer:Dimethyl silicone polymer (PDMS) is a kind of the macromolecule organic silicon compound, generally quilt Referred to as organosilicon.With optical clear, with heat resistance, cold resistance, water proofing property, thermal conductivity, viscosity varies with temperature little, surface Tension force is little.
7th, titanium dioxide:Titanium dioxide is a kind of white inorganic pigment, with nontoxic, optimal opacity, most preferably in vain Degree and brightness, it is considered to be a kind of current best Chinese white of performance in the world.The adhesion of titanium white is strong, has been difficult chemistry Change, is forever snow-white.It is widely used in coating, its fusing point is very high.Stable chemical nature, in general with big portion Material is divided not react.Titanium dioxide has three kinds of crystallizations in nature:Plate titanium-type, anatase titanium dioxide, rutile-type.Plate titanium-type is Unstable crystal formation, without industrial utility value, anatase titanium dioxide(Anatase)Abbreviation A types, rutile-type(Rutile)Abbreviation R types, all It is important Chinese white and porcelain glaze with stable lattice, there is superior whiteness, coloring with other Chinese white ratios Power, covering power, weatherability, heat resistance and chemical stability, are without toxicity especially.Rutile type titanium white major part is applied Material industry is consumed.The coating manufactured with titanium dioxide, covering power bright in luster is high, and strong coloring force is low-consuming, wide in variety, to being situated between The stability of matter can play a protective role, and can strengthen the mechanical strength and adhesive force of paint film, prevent crackle, prevent ultraviolet and Moisture is passed through, and extends the paint film life-span.Nano titanium dioxide is little due to particle diameter, and activity is big, can reflect, scatters ultraviolet, and Ultraviolet can be absorbed, so as to there is higher obstructing capacity to ultraviolet.Titanium dioxide as optical coating pigment catalyst, not only It is a kind of cleaning agent of Environmental security, and saving energy can be played a part of also have environmental protection resource.Early stage Japan and The scientist of Britain by titanium dioxide-coated on the paving stone surface of city road, to clean road surface air.Titanium dioxide can To mix the pollutant reduced in air with pitch.When automobile is passed through, the concrete containing titanium dioxide or pitch can be purified Air, eliminate vehicle emission in 25% -45% nitrogen oxides, by titanium dioxide-coated on concrete surface its scavenging air Effect it is equally notable.
8th, the third pure ether:It is that one kind itself can produce a kind of inorganic colloid out in the case where HPMC meets buck.And It is a kind of good veneer and this colloid can effectively play hydrophobic, " national treasure " being referred to as in dry powder paint is solved Dry linting, not dry linting in such as 24 hours, then never dry linting later, not with addition of both easily aging, efflorescence in the third pure ether 30 days And dry linting.Low cost, increase hardness, the effect of flushing not afraid of water.
9th, the wear-resisting hardening agent aluminum oxide of coating:VK-C33T types, white powder, content 99.9%, particle diameter 1.6um, Si≤ 0.005%, Fe≤0.010%, Na≤0.005%.
Performance:
(1)Scratch resistance, scratch-resistant can form one layer of very fine and closely woven, uniform and adamantine network structure on oyster shell whiting surface, The polymeric layer that protect below oyster shell whiting textured coating is without prejudice, and anti-quarter anti-scratch performance improves 3 times than general coating property.
(2)Wear-resistant, the anti-wear performance of high-quality adds 6% coating hardening agent, and to greatly improve oyster shell whiting textured coating coating resistance to Mill property, than traditional coating wearability 2-4 times is improved.
(3)Transparency, does not affect the transparency and adhesive force of coating.
(4)The wear-resisting hardening agent of addition coating can mitigate volume contraction during curing of coatings, improve between coating and matrix Adhesive force.
(5)The heat endurance for adding the wear-resisting hardening agent coating of coating is improved, good dispersion, to oyster shell whiting textured coating gloss Degree, brightness, rheology impact is little, while have do not precipitate, the characteristics of not tacky.
(6)Transparent, white, grey color masterbatch, flexibly configurable produces the product of shades of colour.
(7)With anti-oxidant and anti-aging effect, extend product service life.
(8)Reduce production cost.
10th, nano TiO 2/white carbon composite photocatalyst material,(This product is by Linjiang City's health care nanometer composite science and technology Co., Ltd produces):It is feature catalysis material, the material has physical function concurrently, and it is first with porous oyster shell whiting Suction-operated catches organic pollution, then will adsorb the organic of seizure using the photocatalysis of the nano titanium oxide of silicon Pollutant order is decomposed into carbon dioxide, and producing surface TiO 2 under light illumination using light and common fluorescent lamp lamp source can pass through light The pernicious gases such as formaldehyde are resolved into harmless carbon dioxide and water by catalytic reaction, so as to adsorption-decomposition function dispels room air middle reaches From formaldehyde, the nuisance adsorption-decomposition function effect that decorations synergistic effect is produced is more significantly, continues long-acting to remove indoor first The nuisances such as aldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radon, TOVC, the function with purify airs such as antibacterial and mouldproof anti-fouling and self-cleanings.It is built-in for enhanced room Repair the pernicious gas produced by synergistic effect to adsorb and decomposed.
It is an advantage of the invention that:
1. nano TiO 2/white black composite photocatalyst material of titanium:Reach JC/T1074-2008《Function of purifying indoor air applies material Material purifying property》The requirement of " I tires out material " in standard, for shell powder material(Face coat)48 hours under daylight light irradiation Interior formaldehyde clearance >=80%.Jing building material industry environmental monitoring Spot detections, purifying formaldehyde efficiency:Contrast cabin 0.656mg/m , the mg/m of sample chamber 0.104, purification efficiency 84.1%, standard value >=75%.Product major function, except formaldehyde in indoor air, Long-acting decomposition, except peculiar smell in room air.
2. textured coating be shell powder paint it is flat, bullet is applied, on the basis of roll coating process skin texture, with oyster shell whiting textured coating system Make embossing technology, create the complex layer coating of three-dimensional shape, with concave-convex sense, outward appearance is luxurious, durable, and anti-fouling performance is good.
3. the benefit and feature of embossing technology skin texture 5-10mm of thickness
1. skin texture thickness is the tissue texture structure on various wall surfaces up to 5-10mm, it is crisscross, be uneven, it is coarse smooth Skin texture change.With the soft exquisiteness of sense of touch, preferably, with affinity, third dimension, stereovision are higher in visual effect for elasticity, The effect of decoration can be made more lively from for angle attractive in appearance.
2. because skin texture thickness can make the distinctive several big functions of shell powder paint be strengthened up to 5-10mm
1)The function of breathing damping is strengthened.
2)Because thickness is big the stereovision of metope is more, with more third dimension so that weakening the more reinforcement of noise.
3)Because with fabulous adhesion and intensity, it is possible to which the thickness of coating is accomplished into 10mm, therefore negative oxygen is lived The burst size of per square metre of ion is also increased, and can be clearly felt that the benefit of negative oxygen work ion pair body.
4. purify air, removes formaldehyde:The free first that floor after new house finishing, lumber core, sofa, furniture etc. are distributed The toxic heavy metal such as aldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radon, TVOC harmful substance is absorbed, is decomposed, is disappeared by ten hundreds of aperture that oyster shell whiting opens Remove.Oyster shell whiting is thrown the net to treat the indoor harmful substance for constantly distributing daily, and release is how many, it is how many to decompose.
5. damping is breathed:Breathing damping be oyster shell whiting basic function, when indoor moisture is more than 70%, oyster shell whiting it is micro- Moisture inspiration in air is removed deposit by hole, when air humidity is less than 40%, by water release out, so people's handle Oyster shell whiting is referred to as " wall that can be breathed " without humidifier, without artificial manipulation, keeps interior to reach the humidity of human body the most comfortable, In addition, oyster shell whiting also ensures that quilt, clothing will not be moist.Body of wall does not contain Signs of Mould generation yet.
6. noise is weakened:Countless micropores can absorb, intercept noise.Cement mortar of his effect equivalent to condition of equivalent thickness With more than 2 times of slabstone, while also absorb 50% lingering sound.
7. peculiar smell is eliminated:The various peculiar smell of domestic pollution generation can be removed.For example:The fishlike smell breeded fish, the body odor of pet Taste.The peculiar smell that kitchen, toilet, smoking bring, adsorbable and discharged by cross-ventilation, the moment keeps indoor air clear Newly.
8. fire protection flame retarding:1400 degrees Celsius of oyster shell whiting wall material high temperature resistant, only fusing point do not have burning-point, meet naked light and do not burn, Any toxic smog is not produced.
9. antibacterial, antibacterial, sterilizing:Any mushroom is not grown, is never gone mouldy, can effectively be killed various in air Influenza and infectious disease germ.
10. long service life:It is up to more than 25 years as the oyster shell whiting service life of finishing material, never fades, does not stick up Side, does not fall off, resistance to oxidation, all the time as new.
11. easily repair:Local damage, easily repairs, and the metope after repairing is consistent with substance, and local pollution rubber both may be used Wipe.
12. antistatics:Oyster shell whiting is natural mineral matter, and main component is calcium, and itself does not contain heavy metal, does not produce quiet Electricity, so not dust suction, forever guarantor's indoor wall cleaning.
13. prevent light pollution:Light absorptive is strong, can reduce reflection light, and soft not dazzling, eye is not tired, so as to have guarantor The effect of shield eyesight.
14. heat-insulating and energy-savings:Morphosis determines that the pyroconductivity of oyster shell whiting is very low, and thermal and insulating performance is very good, compares cement It is high with mortar more than 6 times, greatly save power consumption and heating cost.
15. releasing negative oxygen ions and far infrared:Oyster shell whiting it is every square centimeter release more than 1800 negative oxygen ion, bear oxygen from Son swims everywhere in atmosphere, and during people is as lived in the Nature, far infrared is conducive to adjusting microcirculation in human body, improves people Sleep quality.Because oyster shell whiting is by made by the calcining of sea shells powder, grind into powder, need rich in various skin regenerations Amino acid and trace element, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, potassium, magnesium etc., have holding to moisten, bring back to life the effect of regeneration, Ke Yigai Become skin obscure, skin aging can be predicted, be adapted to various skin quality.So oyster shell whiting is also a kind of cosmetics of fashion.
The soft artistic effect of 16. colors:Various patterns, texture, silk effect integrated application is complete, luxurious and elegant, Color is continual and steady, colour-fast, does not fall off.
17. are produced using nanometer technology and material:With " molecular sieve " design feature, conveyor screw porous performance is strong, hole Rate is high.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, it is characterised in that be prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
Oyster shell whiting(Calcination)60.7, the mesh of particle diameter 600;Hydrated magnesium silicate 8.5, particle diameter 600-800 mesh;Vinylacetate 9.0;Hydroxyl second Base cellulose 1.0;Polyvinyl alcohol 2.0, the mesh of particle diameter 100;Dimethyl silicone polymer 0.3;Titanium dioxide 2.5;Third pure ether 4.0;Apply Expect wear-resisting hardening agent aluminum oxide 6.0;Nano TiO 2/white carbon composite photocatalyst material 6.0.
The ecological functions textured coating of the present invention, is the 5th best generation new function coating products of performance, solves room Interior trim is decorate.Green, ecology, functional form, environment-friendly type, technique skin texture reaches 3D stereoeffects, visually well arranged, color Bright-coloured, with stronger visual impact, solid figure gives truly, life-like, and personage is ready to appear, there is on the spot in person Sensation, have higher value of art appreciation.The present invention has antifungi, and purify air is anti-mildew, spiral pore structure, wall Finishing coat thickness 3mm-4mm, up to 5mm-10mm, glossiness is high, and without obvious aberration, impact resistance is resistance to for embossing technology skin texture thickness Mill, water-fast, high-low temperature resistant, weatherable, the features such as make long product lifecycle up to more than 25 years.
Embodiment 2
Technological process:By oyster shell, scallop shell, Jing alkali soaks 1h, then the secondary washing of the spiral material washing machines of Jing Jing after acid soak 2-3h Make shell surface of shell cleaner, the dehydration of noresidue material presence → drum-type dewatering screen, water content is less than 10% → entrance drying Machine is calcined(900 DEG C -1100 DEG C of calcining heat, calcination time 1.5-2t/h), calcination process adopts natural gas heating resource, and passages through which vital energy circulates punching is removed Dirt device carries out after dust removal process → calcining Jing coolers to carry out being cooled to 100 DEG C -150 DEG C → Jing wind and send elevator by thing to material Material sends into superfine grinding, and impeller rolling method automation frequency conversion, the Jing wind after reaching between 600-800 mesh that is milled delivers to storage tank → semi-finished product material screw elevator is delivered to into U-shaped spiral ribbon mixer puddle → the mono- mouth port of valve port packaging machine of Jing and opened type packing machine Measuring fixed amount is packed.
Embodiment 3
Embossment implementing process:
Embossment is the complex layer coating that can create three-dimensional shape, with concave-convex sense.Whether the function of shell powder paint gives full play to Out, this has great relation with construction technology and shell powder paint quality and environment.Construction method and requirement is:
1. the requirement and examination of metope
Shell powder paint inner wall surface has to pass through 24h service times, and embossment is abundant by its through 48 hours service times It is dried(Represent that its water content is still very high if its surface color is relatively deep)So as to moisture content is less than 10%, and pH value is less than 10 rears Can construct.25 DEG C of typical temperature, condition of the relative humidity below 85%.
Shell powder paint substrate surface should be opposed flattened, solid firm, should not there is the defect such as dusting, crack, loose.
Substrate surface must be cleaned, without attachments such as floating ash, mud dirt, greasy dirts.
Using raw water cement mortar, concrete wall surface directly does embossing technology, if metope accumulation of salt in the surface soil phenomenon is serious, uses Oxalic acid is rinsed after being diluted with water, then is cleaned with clear water, carries out embossing technology construction again after abundant drying.
If metope flakes where peeling, must be with perching knife that process where peeling of flaking is clean, for Depression and crack, use cement mortar filling-in;Where convex surface is obvious, polished flat with abrasive machine.
2. the process pair former metope
The things such as floating ash, soil, the greasy dirt on Xin Qiang surfaces, must remove clean(Wire brush, scraper, detergent can be used).
It is smooth that metope injustice white cement putty batch scrapes repairing.Select to be selected during white cement that high intensity, quality be good, brand No. 425# good building white cement, so just can guarantee that the quality of wall surfacing, batch scrape white cement putty 1-2 time, so can increase Plus the flatness and aesthetic of metope.
After metope is handled well, to be constructed as early as possible, in order to avoid recontamination.
3. the preparation before constructing
According to engine request, kind, the color of coating are selected.
Each engineering material quantity will once prepare abundance.
Before construction, oyster shell whiting should be stirred(In order to avoid the performance of the uneven impact oyster shell whiting of composition).
Temperature is below 5 DEG C and hot weather should stop construction.
4. embossment construction method
4.1 spray main coatings
This procedure is constructed using spray gun spraying, and examination spray should be first carried out before formally going into operation, and according to the requirement of user spray gun is selected Nozzle diameter and pressure.
The general point of idea is 3mm-4mm, and spray pressure is 0.4-0.5MPa, and according to the size of spot painting is fine-tuned Material denseness or viscosity.
Construction should be from top to bottom both sides be sprayed onto downpipe or negative and positive angle to frame bar.
Finished product protection is realized, and blocks where other sprayings using baffle plate during spraying, carries out finished product protection.
Embossing:According to the size decorative pattern of idea, and embossing process is decided whether to, have user to want that of round dot just should not press Flower, that such as flatten decorative pattern will be embossed processs, but the pressure time spent can not it is oversize can not be too short, general 6-7 is into drying Can be embossed, the surface profile for so extruding is smoothed.Purpose is to increase the decorative effect of metope.
4.2 first one of brush bottom.
The effect of alkali-resistant sealing primer:
The pore of A, filling metope.
B, increase oyster shell whiting adhesive force.
Construction method:Can be constructed with airless sprayer or straight reel, be replaced anyhow with cylinder during construction, round brush is uniform, Metope is overall consistent, and brushing method is adopted where negative and positive angle, it is impossible to leakage brush.Bottom surface is at least dried 2h.
The roads of 4.3 Mian Tu bis-.With antifouling property is excellent, sterilized, mould proof, weather-proof anti-aging, waterproof, the function such as self-cleaning.Face Painting can extend the service life of metope, increase the decorative effect of metope.
The construction method and bottom surface that face applies should all adopt identical construction technology standard.
4.4 embossing technology skin texture:Coating layer thickness can be made by hand up to 5mm-10mm using transfer paste or art tool.
Portray with the advantage of transfer paste:Bubble is easily produced when solving the problems, such as that common wall is attached to wall.It is unlikely to deform So as to ensure the aesthetic property of construction pattern, its water proofing property can ensure that transfer paste model is indeformable during construction.Construction is quick, convenient And it is attached to more smooth on wall, construction success rate is high.Glue surface uses R glue(Viscosity is low but does not fall off), will not destroy, pollute oyster shell whiting Coating basal plane, does not leave cull.Anatomic shape, it is adaptable to the Pattern painting of all sizes.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating, it is characterised in that be prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Calcined shell Powder 60.0-70.0, the mesh of granularity 600;Hydrated magnesium silicate 8.0-8.5, particle diameter 600-800 mesh;Vinylacetate 8.0-9.0;Hydroxyl Ethyl cellulose 0.7-1.0;Polyvinyl alcohol 1.0-2.0, the mesh of particle diameter 100;Dimethyl silicone polymer 0.1-0.3;Titanium dioxide 2.0-3.0;Third pure ether 3.0-4.0;The wear-resisting hardening agent aluminum oxide 5.0-6.0 of coating;Nano-TiO2/ white carbon composite photocatalyst material Material 6.0-10.0.
2. according to the oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating described in claim 1, it is characterised in that by the original of following parts by weight Material is made:Calcined shell powder 60.7%, the mesh of particle diameter 600;Hydrated magnesium silicate 8.5%, particle diameter 600-800 mesh;Vinylacetate 9.0%; Hydroxyethyl cellulose 1.0%;Polyvinyl alcohol 2.0%, the mesh of particle diameter 100;Dimethyl silicone polymer 0.3%;Titanium dioxide 2.5%;Third is pure Ether 4.0%;The wear-resisting hardening agent aluminum oxide 6.0% of coating;Nano-TiO2/ white carbon composite photocatalyst material 6.0%.
3. oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that calcined shell powder by oyster shell Constitute with scallop shell, wherein:Oyster shell 15%, scallop shell 85%, its preparation method is as follows:By two kinds of shell Jing acid soaks 2-3h, Then No. bis- rinsing machine clear water of Jing alkali immersion 1h, then Jing wash 0.15-0.2h, and the dehydration of Jing cylinders dewatering screen is sent into dryer and done It is dry, cyclone dust collectors dust removal process is set after the drying, it is re-fed into being calcined dryer, in 900 DEG C of -1100 DEG C of calcining catalysis, send Enter cooler and be cooled to 100 DEG C -150 DEG C, lifted to the extra-fine grinding of superfine grinding to 600 mesh, nanometer oyster shell whiting is obtained.
4. a kind of interior wall embossment construction method of oyster shell whiting ecological functions textured coating as claimed in claim 1 or 2, its feature exists In the flat painting of the shell powder paint of metope, bullet applies necessary Jing and maintains for 24 hours, and in the flat painting of oyster shell whiting, bullet to be applied and do embossment on wall base face Technique has to pass through maintenance in 48 hours, and moisture content is less than 10%, and pH value is less than 10, and 25 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 85%, oyster shell whiting is applied Material wall surface levelling, zero defect, without attachment, spraying idea is 3mm-4mm, and embossing technology skin texture thickness is up to 5mm-10mm, spray Painting pressure is 0.4-0.5MPa, and dry tack free 6-7 layer can be embossed.
CN201610901623.5A 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Ecological shell powder embossment coating and interior wall embossment construction method Pending CN106630747A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170510