CN106628018A - Self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and construction process thereof - Google Patents

Self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and construction process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106628018A
CN106628018A CN201611024417.7A CN201611024417A CN106628018A CN 106628018 A CN106628018 A CN 106628018A CN 201611024417 A CN201611024417 A CN 201611024417A CN 106628018 A CN106628018 A CN 106628018A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
scale component
self
hull
transport
propulsion type
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611024417.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘德进
李勇
李一勇
苏长玺
冯海暴
国强
李增军
曲俐俐
张乃受
马宗田
冯甲鑫
付院平
石书元
毛轶伦
孙靓
Original Assignee
中交第航务工程局有限公司
中交第一航务工程局有限公司
中交航局第二工程有限公司
中交一航局第二工程有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中交第航务工程局有限公司, 中交第一航务工程局有限公司, 中交航局第二工程有限公司, 中交一航局第二工程有限公司 filed Critical 中交第航务工程局有限公司
Priority to CN201611024417.7A priority Critical patent/CN106628018A/en
Publication of CN106628018A publication Critical patent/CN106628018A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B27/00Arrangement of ship-based loading or unloading equipment for cargo or passengers
    • B63B27/08Arrangement of ship-based loading or unloading equipment for cargo or passengers of winches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/003Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for transporting very large loads, e.g. offshore structure modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B2241/00Design characteristics
    • B63B2241/20Designs or arrangements for particular purposes not otherwise provided for in this class
    • B63B2241/24Designs or arrangements for particular purposes not otherwise provided for in this class for facilitating transport, e.g. hull shape with limited dimensions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B2734/00Loading and unloading ships by ship-mounted means

Abstract

The invention provides a self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and a construction process and belongs to the technical field of underwater installation and construction of large components. The self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat comprises a dual-body boat straddling above a large component and an installation device, wherein the dual-body boat comprises a first boat body and a second boat body arranged in parallel; the upper part of the first boat body is connected with the upper part of the second boat body through a deck bridge; propellers are respectively arranged at the tail ends of the first boat body and the second boat body; the installation device comprises a winch and a cable lifting mechanism which are arranged on the deck bridge, as well as lifting hooks positioned below the deck bridge; the winch, the cable lifting mechanism and the lifting hooks are sequentially connected with one another through cables; the installation device further comprises abutments used for supporting the large component; the abutments are arranged at the bottom of the deck bridge. According to the self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and the construction process thereof provided by the invention, the channel transportation can be relieved, installation equipment is not required to be set up additionally, and the construction process is simple.

Description

Integrated ship and construction technology are installed in the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component

Technical field

The invention belongs to large-scale component installation Technology field under water, more particularly to a kind of transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component Integrated ship and construction technology are installed.

Background technology

At present, being installed under water for large-scale component generally need first by the prefabricated large-scale component transportation by driving of precast plant to installing foundation trench Top, then carry out mooring, sinking and the installation of large-scale component.However, in prior art, the transportation by driving of large-scale component generally needs greatly Amount tugboat assistant conveyance, tugboat causes navigation channel crowded by a large amount of navigation channels are taken, and is unfavorable for transport;And, large-scale component is being installed When, needs at sea separately set up large-scale component and install equipment, and large-scale component need to go ashore and be installed again, complicated construction technique and Take navigation channel.Therefore, how to alleviate navigation channel traffic, while the construction technique under water for simplifying large-scale component is current to be badly in need of solution A technical barrier certainly.

The content of the invention

The present invention is crowded for navigation channel during the installation under water of above-mentioned large-scale component and technology of complicated construction technique is asked Topic, proposes that integrated ship and construction technology are installed in a kind of self-propulsion type large-scale component transport, can be from the defeated large-scale component of shipping, alleviation boat Road traffic, while and the sinking installation of large-scale component can be completed, equipment need not be separately set up, simplify construction technology.

In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

One aspect of the present invention provides a kind of transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component and installs integrated ship, including riding in large-scale component Top catamaran and for connecting, the erecting device of large-scale component described in sinking;The catamaran includes for be arrangeding in parallel One hull and the second hull, the top of first hull is connected with the top of the second hull by deck bridge, and described first The tail end of hull and the second hull is separately provided for providing the propeller of navigating power;The erecting device is included with being arranged The winch being placed on the deck bridge and cable elevating mechanism, and positioned at the suspension hook of the lower section of the deck bridge, the winch, Cable elevating mechanism and suspension hook are sequentially connected by cable;The erecting device is also included for supporting propping up for the large-scale component Pier, the buttress is arranged at the bottom of the deck bridge.

Preferably, first hull, the head end of the second hull and tail end are separately provided for auxiliary hull original place The Side Thrusters of steering.

Preferably, being provided with dynamic positioning system on the catamaran.

Preferably, the shipboard of the bottom of first hull and the second ship body phase pair is provided with first level limit Position device, the bottom of second hull shipboard relative with first hull is provided with and the spacing dress of the first level Put the second corresponding Compact Mounts.

Preferably, the buttress is set to back taper.

Preferably, the quantity of the buttress is multiple, multiple buttresses are uniformly distributed in the deck pars basilaris pontis.

Preferably, the quantity of the winch, cable elevating mechanism and suspension hook of supporting setting is multiple.

Preferably, being provided with measurement tower on the catamaran, the measurement tower top is provided with GPS.

Another aspect of the present invention additionally provides the large-scale structure of self-propulsion type described in a kind of utilization any of the above-described technical scheme Part transport is installed integrated ship and realizes the construction technology that large-scale component transport is installed, and is comprised the following steps:

Fitting-out:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component is installed into integrated ship to ride in prefabricated large-scale component top, will by suspension hook Large-scale component connects and is fixed on the lower section that integrated ship is installed in the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component;

Large-scale component is transported:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component install integrated ship by way of the boat by large-scale component from prefabricated Factory is transported to new channel dredging, and whole process is equipped with guardship;Into after new channel dredging, tugboat assistant conveyance is equipped with, subsequently in raceway zone Turn to, large-scale component is transported to foundation trench top;

Large-scale component is installed:Installing integrated ship to the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component carries out band cable mooring, by twisting shifting mode Being accurately positioned for sinking position is carried out, large-scale component is put into by foundation trench by winch and cable elevating mechanism, complete large-scale component Install.

Compared with prior art, the advantages of the present invention are:

1st, the propeller that integrated ship passes through to arrange is installed in the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that the present invention is provided, can be defeated from shipping Large-scale component extremely installs foundation trench top, without the need for a large amount of tugboats auxiliary, can alleviate water transportation, it is ensured that navigation channel is unobstructed and construction is pacified Entirely;

2nd, integrated ship is installed in the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that the present invention is provided can both complete the transport of large-scale component, again may be used The sinking for completing large-scale component by the installation equipment for carrying is installed, and without the need for separately setting up equipment is installed, and construction technology is simple, and not Take navigation channel;

3rd, integrated ship and construction technology are installed in the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport provided using the present invention carries out large-scale component Installation under water when, without the need for newly-built precast plant, it is only necessary to existing precast plant's dock gate transformation widen, a large amount of expenses can be saved.

Description of the drawings

The vertical view of the structure that Fig. 1 installs integrated ship by the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that the embodiment of the present invention is provided is illustrated Figure;

The left view of the structure that Fig. 2 installs integrated ship by the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that the embodiment of the present invention is provided is illustrated Figure;

What the structure of integrated ship was installed in the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that Fig. 3 is provided by the embodiment of the present invention looks up signal Figure;

Above in each figure:1st, the first hull;2nd, the second hull;3rd, deck bridge;4th, propeller;5th, Side Thrusters;6th, winch;7、 Cable elevating mechanism;8th, cable;9th, tower is measured;10th, large-scale component;11st, suspension hook;12nd, buttress;13rd, first level stopping means; 14th, the second Compact Mounts.

Specific embodiment

Below, the present invention is specifically described by exemplary embodiment.It should be appreciated, however, that not entering one In the case of step narration, the element, structure and features in an embodiment can also be advantageously incorporated into other embodiment In.

In describing the invention, it should be noted that term " on ", the orientation of the instruction such as D score or position relationship be base In the position relationship shown in accompanying drawing 2, it is for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifies description, rather than indicates or imply indication Device or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to the present invention's Limit.Additionally, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.

Embodiment:

As shown in figure 1, on the one hand the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component installs integrated ship, bag Include ride in the catamaran of the top of large-scale component 10 and for connecting, the erecting device of sinking large-scale component 10;The catamaran Including the first hull 1 and the second hull 2 that be arranged in parallel, the top of the top of the first hull 1 and the second hull 2 passes through deck bridge 3 are connected, and the tail end of the first hull 1 and the second hull 2 is separately provided for providing the propeller 4 of navigating power.Such as Fig. 2 institutes Show, the erecting device includes the supporting winch 6 being arranged on deck bridge 3 and cable elevating mechanism 7, and positioned at deck bridge 3 Lower section suspension hook 11, winch 6, cable elevating mechanism 7 and suspension hook 11 are sequentially connected by cable 8;The erecting device is also wrapped The buttress 12 for supporting large-scale component 10 is included, buttress 12 is arranged at the bottom of deck bridge 3.

In the present embodiment, it should be noted that the distance between the first hull 1 and the second hull 2 are more than large-scale component 10 width, when large-scale component 10 is transported, the first hull 1 and the second hull 2 are respectively positioned at the both sides of large-scale component 10, deck Bridge 3 is located at the top of large-scale component 10, realizes that the catamaran is ridden in the top of large-scale component 10.By the propeller for arranging 4 provide navigating power for the catamaran, realize from the defeated large-scale component 10 of shipping to foundation trench top is installed, without the need for a large amount of tugboats Auxiliary, can alleviate water transportation, it is ensured that navigation channel is unobstructed and construction safety.When the present embodiment is used to transport large-scale component 10, lead to Cross the hook block of suspension hook 11 and live large-scale component 10, cable 8 is tightened up by winch 6, and then by cable elevating mechanism 7 by 11 liters of suspension hook Rise, large-scale component 10 is supported by buttress 12, connect large-scale component 10 and be fixed on the lower section of deck bridge 3;It is large-scale installing During component 10, cable 8 is loosened by winch 6, and then suspension hook 11 is fallen by cable elevating mechanism 7, by the sinking of large-scale component 10 As in foundation trench.Thus, integrated ship is installed in the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport that the present embodiment of the present invention is provided can both complete large-scale The sinking installation for completing large-scale component is equipped in the transport of component, the installation that can pass through to carry again, and without the need for separately setting up equipment is installed, and is applied Work process is simple, and it is not take up navigation channel.

Turn to for the ease of hull, reduce turning radius, as shown in figure 1, the first hull 1, the head end of the second hull 2 and tail End is separately provided for the Side Thrusters 5 of auxiliary hull pivot stud.The Side Thrusters 5 of setting can provide side-thrust for hull, Little angle of revolution pivot stud is realized, turning radius is reduced, navigation channel is not take up.Additionally, the side-thrust that Side Thrusters 5 is provided may be used also To balance the yawing that stormy waves applies, go as course.

Further, for the ease of being accurately positioned during 10 sinking of large-scale component, arrange dynamic fixed on the catamaran Position system.The dynamic positioning system of setting resists active force of the stormy waves to hull by control propeller 4 and Side Thrusters 5, makes ship Body is maintained on the position of requirement, makes positioning during 10 sinking of large-scale component more accurate.Additionally, the dynamic positioning system Positioning will not increase as the depth of water increases, and easy to operate, and cost is relatively low.

In order to avoid the collision and friction of the medium-and-large-sized component 10 of transportation and hull, as shown in Fig. 2 the first hull 1 The bottom shipboard relative with the second hull 2 is provided with first level stopping means 13, the bottom of the second hull 2 and the first hull 1 relative shipboard is provided with second Compact Mounts 14 corresponding with first level stopping means 13.By arrange the One Compact Mounts 13 and the second Compact Mounts 14, by large-scale component 10 first level stopping means 13 and are limited to Between two Compact Mounts 14, it is to avoid the collision of the hull 1 of large-scale component 10 and first and second hull 2 and friction, reduce The damage of large-scale component 10 and hull, while ensure that navigation safety.

Preferably, buttress 12 is set to back taper.Because the structure of buttress 12 of back taper is more firm, buttress 12 is enable It is enough more preferable to play a supporting role.The quantity of buttress 12 can be multiple, as shown in figure 3, it is 8,8 that buttress 12 is exemplary Pier 12 is uniformly distributed in the bottom of deck bridge 3, to maintain deck bridge 3 and the stress balance of large-scale component 10.

In order to mitigate cable stress, ensure transport and construction safety, the winch 6 of supporting setting, cable elevating mechanism 7 and hang The quantity of hook 11 can be for multiple, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, and the winch 6 of setting, cable elevating mechanism 7 and suspension hook 11 are exemplary For 4,4 suspension hooks 11 are uniformly distributed in the lower section of deck bridge 3, to maintain cable 8 and the stress balance of large-scale component 10, it is ensured that fortune Defeated and construction safety.

Enter the plan-position after water and elevation to measure the sinking of large-scale component 10, measurement is additionally provided with the catamaran Tower 9, measurement tower 9 top is provided with GPS.After the sinking of large-scale component 10 enters water, by measuring the GPS that tower 9 and its top are arranged Plan-position and the elevation of large-scale component 10 are measured and recorded in real time, are easy to the accurate in place of large-scale component 10 and are installed.

The another aspect of the embodiment of the present invention additionally provides the self-propulsion type large-scale component described in a kind of utilization above-described embodiment Transport is installed integrated ship and realizes the construction technology that large-scale component transport is installed, and is comprised the following steps:

Fitting-out:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component is installed into integrated ship to ride in the top of prefabricated large-scale component 10, by suspension hook Large-scale component 10 is connected and is fixed on the lower section that integrated ship is installed in the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component by 11.In this step, connect, Fix concretely comprising the following steps for large-scale component 10:Large-scale component 10 is lived by the hook block of suspension hook 11, cable 8 is tightened up by winch 6, and then Suspension hook 11 is risen by cable elevating mechanism 7, large-scale component 10 is supported by buttress 12, connect large-scale component 10 and fixed In the lower section of deck bridge 3.Additionally, the Compact Mounts 14 of first level stopping means 13 and second that can pass through to arrange will be large-scale Component 10 is limited between the Compact Mounts 14 of first level stopping means 13 and second.

Large-scale component is transported:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component install integrated ship by way of the boat by large-scale component 10 from pre- Factory processed is transported to new channel dredging, and whole process is equipped with guardship;Into after new channel dredging, tugboat assistant conveyance is equipped with, subsequently in convolution Area turns to, and large-scale component 10 is transported to foundation trench top.In this step, it should be noted that, due to new channel dredging crossing current effect It is relatively strong, therefore tugboat opposing crossing current effect is equipped with, the concrete outfit quantity of tugboat can be true according to the crossing current Calculation of the force for determining It is fixed.Additionally, when large-scale component 10 is transported to foundation trench top, the dynamic positioning system of integrated ship is installed in the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component System resists active force of the stormy waves to hull by control propeller 4 and Side Thrusters 5, hull is maintained on the position of requirement, makes Positioning during 10 sinking of large-scale component is more accurate.

Large-scale component is installed:Installing integrated ship to the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component carries out band cable mooring, by twisting shifting mode Being accurately positioned for sinking position is carried out, large-scale component 10 is put into by foundation trench by winch 6 and cable elevating mechanism 7, complete large-scale The installation of component 10.In this step, large-scale component 10 sinking is concretely comprised the following steps:Cable 8, Jin Ertong is loosened by winch 6 Cross cable elevating mechanism 7 and fall suspension hook 11, by the sinking of large-scale component 10 as in foundation trench.In the sinking process of large-scale component 10 In, the GPS that can also pass through measurement tower 9 and its top setting measures in real time and records plan-position and the elevation of large-scale component 10.

The installation of large-scale component 10 is treated, and is met after requirement by holing through survey, the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component is installed Integrated ship can return to transport and the installation task that precast plant waits next section large-scale component.

Claims (9)

1. integrated ship is installed in a kind of self-propulsion type large-scale component transport, it is characterised in that:It is double above large-scale component including riding Body ship and for connecting, the erecting device of large-scale component described in sinking;
The catamaran includes the first hull for be arrangeding in parallel and the second hull, the top of first hull and the second hull Top is connected by deck bridge, and the tail end of first hull and the second hull is separately provided for providing navigating power Propeller;
The erecting device includes the supporting winch being arranged on the deck bridge and cable elevating mechanism, and positioned at the first The suspension hook of the lower section of slab bridge, the winch, cable elevating mechanism and suspension hook are sequentially connected by cable;The erecting device is also wrapped The buttress for supporting the large-scale component is included, the buttress is arranged at the bottom of the deck bridge.
2. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First ship Body, the head end of the second hull and tail end are separately provided for the Side Thrusters of auxiliary hull pivot stud.
3. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:On the catamaran It is provided with dynamic positioning system.
4. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First hull Bottom and the shipboard of the second ship body phase pair be provided with first level stopping means, the bottom of second hull and institute State the relative shipboard of the first hull and be provided with second Compact Mounts corresponding with the first level stopping means.
5. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The buttress is arranged For back taper.
6. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The number of the buttress Measure as multiple, multiple buttresses are uniformly distributed in the deck pars basilaris pontis.
7. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The institute of supporting setting The quantity for stating winch, cable elevating mechanism and suspension hook is multiple.
8. integrated ship is installed in self-propulsion type large-scale component transport according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:On the catamaran Measurement tower is provided with, the measurement tower top is provided with GPS.
9. the self-propulsion type large-scale component transport described in a kind of any one of utilization claim 1-8 is installed integrated ship and realizes large-scale component The construction technology that transport is installed, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Fitting-out:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component is installed into integrated ship to ride in prefabricated large-scale component top, will be large-scale by suspension hook Component connects and is fixed on the lower section that integrated ship is installed in the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component;
Large-scale component is transported:The transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component is installed integrated ship and transports large-scale component from precast plant by way of from boat New channel dredging is transported to, whole process is equipped with guardship;Into after new channel dredging, tugboat assistant conveyance is equipped with, is subsequently turned in raceway zone, Large-scale component is transported to foundation trench top;
Large-scale component is installed:Installing integrated ship to the transport of self-propulsion type large-scale component carries out band cable mooring, is carried out by twisting shifting mode Being accurately positioned for sinking position, foundation trench is put into by winch and cable elevating mechanism by large-scale component, completes large-scale component installation.
CN201611024417.7A 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and construction process thereof CN106628018A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611024417.7A CN106628018A (en) 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Self-propelled large component transportation and installation integrated boat and construction process thereof

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