CN106628003A - Floating marine hydrological observation instrument - Google Patents

Floating marine hydrological observation instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106628003A
CN106628003A CN201611195797.0A CN201611195797A CN106628003A CN 106628003 A CN106628003 A CN 106628003A CN 201611195797 A CN201611195797 A CN 201611195797A CN 106628003 A CN106628003 A CN 106628003A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
observation instrument
floating marine
buoy
hydrological observation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611195797.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘功鹏
谭露
颜彪
伏亮明
吴金华
汪睿
曾启东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Powerchina Zhongnan Engineering Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Powerchina Zhongnan Engineering Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Powerchina Zhongnan Engineering Corp Ltd filed Critical Powerchina Zhongnan Engineering Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201611195797.0A priority Critical patent/CN106628003A/en
Publication of CN106628003A publication Critical patent/CN106628003A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • B63B22/04Fixations or other anchoring arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • B63B22/16Buoys specially adapted for marking a navigational route
    • B63B22/166Buoys specially adapted for marking a navigational route comprising a light
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C13/00Surveying specially adapted to open water, e.g. sea, lake, river or canal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • B63B2022/006Buoys specially adapted for measuring or watch purposes

Abstract

The invention discloses a floating marine hydrological observation instrument. The observation instrument comprises a weight and a buoy, wherein the weight is used for being arranged at the seabed; the buoy is connected with the weight through a cable; a mounting box positioned above the sea surface is fixed on the buoy used for floating on the sea surface; a battery, a data acquisition unit and a storage are arranged in the mounting box; a fathomether, a water thermometer and a salinity meter positioned below the sea surface are arranged on the buoy and/or the cable; the battery supplies power to the fathomether, the water thermometer, the salinity meter, the data acquisition unit and the storage; and the data acquisition unit is used for storing the data monitored by the fathomether, the water thermometer and the salinity meter in the storage in real time. The floating marine hydrological observation instrument disclosed by the invention is simple in structure and convenient and efficient to use, and offshore operation time and workload can be effectively reduced.

Description

A kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument, belongs to oceanographic hydrological observation field.
Background technology
Oceanographic hydrological observation is to understand the observation that oceanographic hydrological element distribution situation and Changing Pattern are carried out, general bag Include:The depth of water, tidal level, ocean current, wave, water Inversion phenomenon, outstanding sand, substrate etc. are observed, observed pattern have big face observation, Continuous Observation, Sectional observation etc..When the depth of water, the observation of water Inversion phenomenon is carried out, Continuous Observation need to be carried out, in investigation sea area some observations are laid Point, carries out Continuous Observation more than diel in each observation station.
If the observation of water Inversion phenomenon is point dried layer from sea to sea bed, per layer measures water temperature and salinity, and water-depth measurement is real-time The measure field depth of water.The observation of the depth of water, water temperature and salinity is carried out simultaneously.
Conventional method is that ship reaches one by one observation station, the depth of water, water temperature and salinity scope is abandon successively, to each key element Observe alone, after time to be observed meets and requires, equipment dragged for back one by one, not only waste time and energy, time of measuring it cannot be guaranteed that while Carry out, observation data need to merge arrangement, very loaded down with trivial details.
The content of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument, the scopic simple structure, it is easy to use efficiently, Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea and workload can be efficiently reduced.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument, it is structurally characterized in that, including for being placed in the weight in seabed, by cable and weight Connected buoy;For swimming in the mounting box being fixed with the buoy at sea above sea, the mounting box built with Battery, data acquisition unit and memory;
Equipped with the water gage under sea, water thermometer and salinometer on the buoy and/or cable;
The battery is powered for water gage, water thermometer, salinometer, data acquisition unit and memory;The data acquisition unit is used for The data real-time storage that water gage, water thermometer, salinometer are monitored is in the memory.
Thus, floating marine hydrological observation instrument of the invention can be completely independent automatic running, and battery is adopted for the data Storage, memory, water gage, water thermometer, salinometer are powered, and data acquisition unit is used for water gage, water thermometer, salinometer monitoring The data real-time storage for arriving in the memory, take away, considerably reduces sea by operating personnel's timing or not timing Activity duration and workload.
Embodiments in accordance with the present invention, can also make further optimization, below the skill to be formed after optimization to the present invention Art scheme:
Preferably, the weight is lead cake.Lead cake is sunk on sea bed, can securely draw buoy.
In order to adapt to marine environment, the cable is steel cable made by stainless steel, and polyvinyl plastic core is provided with steel cable;It is excellent The outer wall for selecting the steel wire rope is provided with epoxide resin type anticorrosive paint layer.
In order to adapt to marine environment, the mounting box is stainless steel box;It is preferred that the outer wall of the stainless steel box is provided with epoxy Resin type anticorrosive paint layer.
For convenience in real time by water gage, water thermometer, salinometer monitoring data be real-time transmitted to reception center, the peace Mounted box top is equipped with transmitting set, and the transmitting set is used for the data for monitoring water gage, water thermometer, salinometer Send reception center to;The battery is powered for transmitting set.Reception center is generally located on the bank or on ship.
In order to prevent visualizer from being hit by mistake, the mounting box top is equipped with navigation light, and the battery is powered for navigation light.It is excellent The navigation light is selected to be arranged on the top of transmitting set.
Preferably, the buoy adopts floating thing made by superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material.The super high molecular weight is gathered Vinyl material refers to the unbranched linear polyethylene of molecular weight more than 1,500,000.
Preferably, it is adhesively fixed by polyurethane adhesive between the mounting box and buoy connected.
The observation period of the water gage is carried out simultaneously with water thermometer, salinometer.
In order to ensure visualizer longtime running, the installation box outer surfac is equipped with solar panel, the solar cell Plate is connected by photovoltaic charge controller with battery.
Sediment is analyzed for convenience, and the bottom of the weight is equipped with substrate collector.Seabed bottom is collected for convenience Matter, the substrate collector is hollow rounding wimble structure, and the upper end of rounding wimble structure arranges circumferential notch.
Thus, the water thermometer of the invention and salinometer are located at below sea by wirerope wire saws, and steel cable lower end is used Lead cake is fixed on sea bed;Steel cable upper end is ined succession steel box, and transmitting set and navigation light are arranged on steel box top, and steel box inside is simultaneously Discharge has battery, data acquisition unit, memory.Steel box lower end is ined succession buoy, and there is water gage buoy lower end.
Preferably, the battery in the steel box respectively with water gage, water thermometer, salinometer, transmitting set, navigation mark The electrical connection of lamp, data acquisition unit and memory.
The present invention by wirerope wire saws steel box, water thermometer and salinometer, in succession steel box and water gage by buoy, and equipment is connected shape It is integral, steel box and buoy are first thrown away during observation, lead cake, water thermometer and salinometer are dragged to specified location and abandon by speedboat, during recovery Steel box and buoy are first received, lead cake, water thermometer and salinometer is dragged in the lump when withdrawing steel cable is gone on board.
To adapt to briny environment, the steel box adopts stainless steel alloy material, steel cable to adopt stainless steel steel wire, polyethylene Core, lubricating grease material, steel box and steel cable apply outward epoxide resin type anticorrosive paint, and lead cake adopts pure lead material, buoy to adopt Superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material.
Preferably, weld between the steel box and steel cable, bondd by polyurethane adhesive between steel box and buoy, steel cable It is bolted and lead cake between.
Preferably, the observation period of the water gage and water thermometer, salinometer are carried out simultaneously, the water gage, water thermometer, The data that salinometer is known pass in real time data acquisition unit, and the data one that data acquisition unit is collected are to pass to storage by data wire Device is preserved, and two is that center is passed on ship or received on the bank by transmitting set.
The present invention is directed to different marine sites, the depth of water, substrate, observation element, proposition meet the operation equipment of live reality and Structure, solves the repetition of Current observation presence, not enough or even blank, makes practitioner that purposes and side were just known before observation Method, so that hydrological observation forms programmatic, standardized work, it is more intelligent, convenient, advanced.
By said structure, the present invention can promote the convenient and efficient that depth of water water temperature salinity is observed to use, and make depth of water water temperature The simultaneous observation of salinity becomes intelligent, improves automation, the technicalization level in oceanographic hydrological observation field, promotes marine hydrology The industry innovation of observation industry and technological revolution.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Present configuration is simple, easy to use efficient, it is to avoid The receipts depth of water, water temperature and salinity scope are thrown away one by one, and each key element observation is synchronous to be carried out, and reduces Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea and workload, Data are observed simultaneously and is unified in memory, simplify later data analysis workload, improve the observation effect of depth of water water temperature salinity Rate and technical merit, promote the intelligent Application of depth of water water temperature salinity observation, are conducive to promoting oceanographic hydrological observation industry High-endization develops.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment upper component.
In figure:
1- lead cakes;2- steel cables;3- water thermometers;4- salinometers;5,6- batteries;7- data acquisition units;8- memories;9- is wireless Electric transmitter;10- navigation lights;11- steel boxes;12- buoys;13- water gages.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to accompanying drawing and in conjunction with the embodiments describing the present invention in detail.It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, The feature in embodiment and embodiment in the present invention can be mutually combined.For sake of convenience, hereinafter such as occur " on ", D score, "left", "right" printed words, only represent consistent with the upper and lower, left and right direction of accompanying drawing itself, structure are not risen to limit and are made With.
A kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument, as Figure 1-3, including water thermometer 3, salinometer 4, water gage 13, steel box 11st, steel cable 2, buoy 12 and lead cake 1, it is structurally characterized in that, the water thermometer 3, salinometer 4 are located at below sea by steel cable 2 tractions, the lower end lead cake 1 of steel cable 2 is fixed on sea bed;The upper end of steel cable 2 is ined succession steel box 11, and steel box 11 arranges radio on top Transmitter 9 and navigation light 10, are placed with side by side battery 5,6, data acquisition unit 7, memory 8 inside steel box 11.The lower end of steel box 11 connects Buoy 12, there is water gage 13 lower end of buoy 12.
As shown in figure 3, the steel box 11 is adopted scribbles the painting of epoxide resin type heavy antisepsis outside stainless steel alloy material, steel box 11 The bed of material.
The steel cable 2 adopts stainless steel steel wire, polyvinyl plastic core, lubricating grease material, steel cable 2 to apply epoxide resin type weight outward Anticorrosive paint, lead cake 1 adopts pure lead material, buoy 12 to adopt superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material.
Weld between the steel box 11 and steel cable 2, bondd by polyurethane adhesive between steel box 11 and buoy 12, steel cable It is bolted between 2 and lead cake 1.
The battery 5,6 respectively with water gage 13, water thermometer 3, salinometer 4, transmitting set 9, navigation light 10, data Collector 7 and memory 8 are electrically connected.
The observation period of the water gage 13 is carried out simultaneously with water thermometer 3, salinometer 4.The water gage 13, water thermometer 3, Salinometer 4 adopts fiber optic communication, the data that water gage 13, water thermometer 3 and salinometer 4 are known to pass in real time with data acquisition unit 7 Data acquisition unit 7, the data one that data acquisition unit 7 is collected are to pass to memory 8 by data wire to preserve, and two is by radio Transmitter 9 passes on ship or receives on the bank center.
Sediment is analyzed for convenience, and the bottom of the lead cake 1 is equipped with substrate collector.Seabed bottom is collected for convenience Matter, the substrate collector is hollow rounding wimble structure, and the upper end of rounding wimble structure arranges circumferential notch.
The visualizer includes six roots of sensation steel cable, six pieces of lead cakes and a steel box.
The present invention can promote the convenient and efficient of depth of water water temperature salinity to use, and improve the intelligence in oceanographic hydrological observation field Change, technicalization level, promote the industry innovation and technological revolution of oceanographic hydrological observation industry, realize oceanographic hydrological observation industry High-endization develops.
The content that above-described embodiment is illustrated should be understood to that these embodiments are only used for being illustrated more clearly that the present invention, and not For limiting the scope of the present invention, after the present invention has been read, the various equivalent form of values of the those skilled in the art to the present invention Modification each fall within the application claims limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of floating marine hydrological observation instrument, it is characterised in that include the weight for being placed in seabed, by cable and weight Connected buoy(12);For swimming in the buoy at sea(12)On be fixed with mounting box above sea, the installation Box is built with battery(5,6), data acquisition unit(7)And memory(8);
The buoy(12)And/or equipped with the water gage under sea on cable(13), water thermometer(3)And salinometer(4);
The battery(5,6)For water gage(13), water thermometer(3), salinometer(4), data acquisition unit(7)And memory(8)For Electricity;The data acquisition unit(7)For by water gage(13), water thermometer(3), salinometer(4)The data real-time storage for monitoring In the memory(8)It is interior.
2. floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the weight is lead cake(1).
3. floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cable is made by stainless steel Steel cable(2), steel cable(2)Inside it is provided with polyvinyl plastic core;It is preferred that the steel wire rope(2)Outer wall be provided with epoxide resin type heavy antisepsis Dope layer.
4. floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mounting box is stainless steel box (11);It is preferred that the stainless steel box(11)Outer wall be provided with epoxide resin type anticorrosive paint layer.
5. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the mounting box top Portion is equipped with transmitting set(9), the transmitting set(9)For by water gage(13), water thermometer(3), salinometer(4)Prison The data for measuring send reception center to;The battery(5,6)For transmitting set(9)Power supply.
6. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the mounting box top Portion is equipped with navigation light(10), the battery(5,6)For navigation light(10)Power supply.
7. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the buoy(12) Using floating thing made by superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material.
8. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the mounting box and Buoy(12)Between be adhesively fixed by polyurethane adhesive it is connected.
9. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the water gage (13)Observation period and water thermometer(3), salinometer(4)Carry out simultaneously.
10. the floating marine hydrological observation instrument according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the mounting box Outer surface is equipped with solar panel, and the solar panel is by photovoltaic charge controller and battery(5,6)It is connected.
CN201611195797.0A 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Floating marine hydrological observation instrument Pending CN106628003A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611195797.0A CN106628003A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Floating marine hydrological observation instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611195797.0A CN106628003A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Floating marine hydrological observation instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106628003A true CN106628003A (en) 2017-05-10

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CN201611195797.0A Pending CN106628003A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Floating marine hydrological observation instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110057747A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-07-26 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) It is a kind of to be able to achieve the corrosion testing apparatus for throwing sample depth of water alternation
CN111334804A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-06-26 中山大学 Intelligent monitoring device for deep-sea oil and gas pipeline outer wall cathode protection and using method thereof

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110057747A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-07-26 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) It is a kind of to be able to achieve the corrosion testing apparatus for throwing sample depth of water alternation
CN111334804A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-06-26 中山大学 Intelligent monitoring device for deep-sea oil and gas pipeline outer wall cathode protection and using method thereof
CN111334804B (en) * 2020-04-26 2021-02-09 中山大学 Intelligent monitoring device for deep-sea oil and gas pipeline outer wall cathode protection and using method thereof

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