CN106627005B - Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices - Google Patents

Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106627005B
CN106627005B CN201611027001.0A CN201611027001A CN106627005B CN 106627005 B CN106627005 B CN 106627005B CN 201611027001 A CN201611027001 A CN 201611027001A CN 106627005 B CN106627005 B CN 106627005B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mobile devices
tension
compression
vertical
iron tyre
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201611027001.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106627005A (en
Inventor
吴雪
韦学中
刘相新
宋永增
王真真
刘春青
李曜
王博
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology
Original Assignee
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT, Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology filed Critical China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Priority to CN201611027001.0A priority Critical patent/CN106627005B/en
Publication of CN106627005A publication Critical patent/CN106627005A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106627005B publication Critical patent/CN106627005B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60FVEHICLES FOR USE BOTH ON RAIL AND ON ROAD; AMPHIBIOUS OR LIKE VEHICLES; CONVERTIBLE VEHICLES
    • B60F1/00Vehicles for use both on rail and on road; Conversions therefor
    • B60F1/04Vehicles for use both on rail and on road; Conversions therefor with rail and road wheels on different axles
    • B60F1/043Vehicles comprising own propelling units
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60FVEHICLES FOR USE BOTH ON RAIL AND ON ROAD; AMPHIBIOUS OR LIKE VEHICLES; CONVERTIBLE VEHICLES
    • B60F2301/00Retractable wheels
    • B60F2301/04Retractable wheels pivotally

Abstract

The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention are related to a kind of road rail mobile devices of large special vehicle.Its purpose is to provide a kind of collapsible iron tyre mobile devices, which can be installed below road vehicle chassis, and vehicle is made to realize the dual-purpose traveling of road and rail.The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention include lower core disk mounting base (11), the opposite sides of lower core disk mounting base is respectively fixed with two vertical beams (10), the lower end of each vertical beam is hinged with L ellbeam (1), the other end of L ellbeam is arranged upward and is hinged with tension and compression beam (3), actuating arm (8) are rotatably mounted on tension and compression beam, the other end of actuating arm is connected to motor by retarder, motor fixation is located on vertical beam, and suspension and the wheel suitable for railway traveling are equipped with below L ellbeam to (17).

Description

Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicular fields, more particularly to a kind of road rail mobile devices of large special vehicle.
Background technique
Chinese large-sized highway transport vehicle at present is needed to be carried out using railway over long distances when driving, general to use vehicle It loads to the method for railway flat car and is transported.Vehicle big for quality, structure is big is transported loading to rail truck When defeated, loading-unloading vehicle caused by existing because of the problems such as overweight, superelevation, which ensures, requires that complicated, Transportation Organization is difficult, limitation operation The problems such as speed, limitation traffic areas, meanwhile, the vehicle of loading condition is encountering rail damage, rolling stock damage or is lacking When the problems such as condition of unloading, there is also leave the problems such as railway is difficult.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of collapsible iron tyre mobile devices, which can be installed on public affairs Below road vehicles chassis, vehicle is made to realize the dual-purpose traveling of road and rail.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, including lower core disk mounting base, the opposite sides of the lower core disk mounting base Two vertical beams are respectively fixed with, the lower end of each vertical beam is hinged with L ellbeam, and the other end of the L ellbeam is upward Side arranges and is hinged with tension and compression beam, actuating arm is rotatably mounted on the tension and compression beam, the other end of the actuating arm passes through Retarder is connected to motor, and the motor fixation is located on the vertical beam, is equipped with suspension below the L ellbeam and is suitable for The wheel pair of railway traveling.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention squeeze wherein the upper end of each vertical beam is fixed with a tension and compression beam Wedge.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein the vertical beam is in case type structures, the vertical beam is along vertical side To being fixed in the lower core disk mounting base, the motor fixation is located in the case type structures of vertical beam.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein the mode that actuating arm is rotatably mounted on the tension and compression beam is, A shaft is rotatably mounted with by bearing on the tension and compression beam, the actuating arm is fixedly set in the shaft.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein be located at described lower core disk mounting base the same side two tension and compression beams it Between be equipped with tension and compression beam crossbeam.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein be located at described lower core disk mounting base the same side two L ellbeams it Between be equipped with end crossbeam.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention are located at the lower core wherein the L ellbeam is equipped with anti-side rolling torsion rod seat Torsion bar mechanism for preventing side rolling of train carriage is installed between anti-side rolling torsion rod seat on two L ellbeams of disk mounting base the same side.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices difference from prior art of the present invention is the present invention when in use, passes through Lower core disk mounting base is fixed below the chassis of road vehicle, and road running device and is deposited, when vehicle is along road running, this Invention is folded under chassis, does not influence road vehicle running;When needing to transport using Railway System, the present invention can be automatic It is expanded on rail, and road wheels group is raised by folded deformation, meet railway driving requirements, and then form railway and travel energy Power, allows vehicle individually or group column are along rail running.
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is state diagram of the collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention under railroad-driving mode;
Fig. 2 is state diagram of the collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention under road-driving mode;
Fig. 3 is the installation status diagram of two L ellbeams of collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the invention the same side;
Fig. 4 is the rotary principle figure of L ellbeam in the collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, and combine Fig. 2, shown in 3, the collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention include lower core disk mounting base 11, The opposite sides of the lower core disk mounting base 11 is respectively fixed with two vertical beams 10, and the lower end of each vertical beam 10 is cut with scissors It is connected to L ellbeam 1, tension and compression beam 3 is arranged upward and be hinged with to the other end of the L ellbeam 1, on the tension and compression beam 3 rotationally Actuating arm 8 is installed, the other end of the actuating arm 8 is connected to motor by retarder, and the motor is fixed to be located at described hang down On straight beam 10, the lower section of the L ellbeam 1, which is equipped with suspension and the wheel suitable for railway traveling, mating to be made to 17, and with wheel to 17 Li Nuoer damper 12, brake disc 14, axle box 15 and brake rigging 18.It is clear for attached drawing, it is not shown in the figure Motor and retarder.
As shown in figure 4, the present invention is when in use, present invention fixation is located at by highway car by lower core disk mounting base 11 Chassis below, when vehicle on highway when driving, start motor, motor drive actuating arm 8 (be equivalent to CD in figure, C ' D ') (C ' D ' of Cong Tuzhong swings to C " D ') is swung upwards, actuating arm 8 drives tension and compression beam 3 (to be equivalent to BE, the B ' in figure E ') it moves upwards, tension and compression beam 3 drives L ellbeam 1 (being equivalent to AB, the A ' B ' in figure) to move (A ' B ' fortune of Cong Tuzhong upwards Move A ' B "), it is moved upwards to 17 also with L ellbeam 1 in the wheel for being suitable for railway traveling for being mounted in 1 lower section of L ellbeam.When After wheel suitable for railway traveling moves upwards to 17, the road running device and highway face contact on road vehicle are (public at this time The wheel for being suitable for railway traveling on road vehicles is to 17 Bu Yu highway face contacts), road vehicle passes through the road running device of itself It is travelled on highway.When vehicle on railway when driving, start motor, motor drive actuating arm 8 swing downwards, actuating arm 8 Tension and compression beam 3 is driven to move downwards, tension and compression beam 3 drives L ellbeam 1 to move downwards, is suitable in being mounted in below L ellbeam 1 The wheel of railway traveling moves downwards to 17 also with L ellbeam 1.When be suitable for railway traveling wheel to 17 downwards move after with iron Road contact (at this time the road running device on road vehicle not with railway face contact), road vehicle is by being mounted on its chassis Be suitable for railway traveling wheel travelled on railway to 17.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein the upper end of each vertical beam 10 is fixed with a tension and compression beam Squeeze seat 9.Be arranged tension and compression beam squeeze seat 9 purpose be, when vehicle on railway when driving, tension and compression beam 3 is in a horizontal position, this When tension and compression beam 3 squeeze seat 9 with tension and compression beam and be mutually adjacent to and lock, swing tension and compression beam 3 not, so that vehicle smooth-ride.
The vertical beam 10 is in case type structures, and the vertical beam 10 is fixed on the lower core disk mounting base 11 along the vertical direction On, the motor fixation is located in the case type structures of vertical beam 10.Lower core disk mounting base 11 is square structure, 4 vertical beams 10 It is installed at 4 angles of lower core disk mounting base respectively.Motor in the present invention selects servo motor.
The mode of actuating arm 8 is rotatably mounted on the tension and compression beam 3 are as follows: can be rotated on the tension and compression beam 3 by bearing Ground is equipped with a shaft 7, and the actuating arm 8 is fixedly set in the shaft 7.
The collapsible iron tyre mobile devices of the present invention, wherein being located at two tension and compression beams of described lower 11 the same side of core disk mounting base Tension and compression beam crossbeam 6 is equipped between 3;End crossbeam is equipped between two L ellbeams 1 of described lower 11 the same side of core disk mounting base 4;The L ellbeam 1 is equipped with anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 2, on two L ellbeams 1 of described lower 11 the same side of core disk mounting base Torsion bar mechanism for preventing side rolling of train carriage 13 is installed between anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 2.Tension and compression beam crossbeam 6, end crossbeam 4 and anti-side rolling is arranged to turn round The purpose of lever apparatus 13 is for that the tension and compression beam 3 of the same side and L ellbeam 1 is enable to move at the same time, and it is in action process It does not sidewinder.
Braking flap seat 5 is additionally provided on the L ellbeam 1, braking flap seat 5 is used to install brake apparatus.The vertical beam 10 Outside is also fixed with bottom side bearing seat 16.
The present invention when in use, is fixed below the chassis of road vehicle, with highway by lower core disk mounting base 11 Mobile devices are simultaneously deposited, and when vehicle is along road running, the present invention is folded under chassis, do not influence road vehicle running;When When needing to transport using Railway System, the present invention can be automatically deployed on rail, and raise road wheels group by folded deformation, full Sufficient railway driving requirements, and then railway driveability is formed, allow vehicle individually or group column are along rail running.
The present invention optimizes road vehicle chassis lower space utilization efficiency, simultaneously by designing a kind of Collasible structural frame By built-in suspension and new diseases, reduce structure space, the weight of iron tyre Turning travel device, and then realizes railway row Sail the feasibility that device is installed under road vehicle chassis.
Present invention is mainly used for overcome under combined vehicle chassis space caused by two kinds of mobile devices and from heavy load Contradiction, the specific scheme is that
1, suspension is moved on the inside of wheel from lateral wheel, the reduction of bogie transverse width is realized, simultaneously because span Reduce, under equivalent constructions rigidity, construction weight is mitigated.
2, truck longitudinal sill uses two-piece design, i.e. fixed frame (including lower core disk mounting base 11 and vertical beam 10) and pendulum Dynamic framework (including actuating arm 8, tension and compression beam 3 and L ellbeam 1), two sections of frameworks are foldable and (fold and unfold) in two states Lower locking.Folding swing framework can be rotated up on chassis to 17 with driving wheel in road running and be tightly attached to chassis and indulge Beam lower part locking can provide the biggish road clearance for road running state;When railway when driving, folding swing framework, Be rocked to downwards under push rod effect support rail and to just, bearing it is firm.
3, the control optimization of lateral stiffness: since mobile devices use skills such as " hanging built-in, folding type frame structure " Art measure, when high vehicle speeds " lateral stability torque becomes smaller, the decline of framework lateral stiffness is more ", therefore mobile devices is dynamic Mechanical characteristic has larger deterioration compared with conventional truck, for this characteristic, intersects docking using more auricles in system design Form inhibits structure interval;Ladder is constituted using Vertical Vibration Reduction device and anti-rolling device, elastic side bearing device in the design simultaneously The combined suspension system of shape is to increase lateral stiffness and damping.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention takes full advantage of the lower space on chassis, and iron tyre mobile devices is made to be mounted on the road vehicle of 6 axis or 8 axis It is never likely to become under chassis to be possible, and then has opened up road vehicle and travelled motor-driven new model.
Wherein:
Structure space needed for iron tyre mobile devices using accordion structure is far smaller than traditional fixed framework, solves Highway chassis lower space is narrow with conventional bogie bulky contradiction.
It is travelled using fixed frame with the framework swung in conjunction with framework, that is, it is excellent to remain the bogie traveling of railway when driving Gesture, and two kinds of road conversion functions of rail-road of autonomous type can be realized by the swing of swing framework.
Intersect docking form using more auricles in system design, the structure interval shape under driving status between auricle mutually presses down System, can effectively reduce the structure interval of hinge portion, and then increase the lateral stiffness of hinge portion;Vertical Vibration Reduction device and The trapezoidal combined suspension system that anti-rolling device, elastic side bearing device are constituted enriches the design control of every dynamic performance Ability is verified through dynamics simulation, by adjusting the stiffness parameters of each Flexible element, can according to need in adjustment driving process Lateral stiffness and damping, to meet traveling needs.
Embodiment described above only describe the preferred embodiments of the invention, not to model of the invention It encloses and is defined, without departing from the spirit of the design of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are to technical side of the invention The various changes and improvements that case is made should all be fallen into the protection scope that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of collapsible iron tyre mobile devices, it is characterised in that: including lower core disk mounting base (11), the lower core disk mounting base Opposite sides be respectively fixed with two vertical beams (10), the lower end of each vertical beam is hinged with L ellbeam (1), the L The other end of ellbeam is arranged upward and is hinged with tension and compression beam (3), and actuating arm (8) are rotatably mounted on the tension and compression beam, The other end of the actuating arm is connected to motor by retarder, and the motor fixation is located on the vertical beam, the L ellbeam Lower section be equipped with suspension and suitable for railway traveling wheel to (17), the upper end of each vertical beam (10) is fixed with one Tension and compression beam squeezes seat (9).
2. collapsible iron tyre mobile devices according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vertical beam (10) is in cell type knot Structure, the vertical beam are fixed on along the vertical direction on the lower core disk mounting base (11), and the motor fixation is located at vertical beam In case type structures.
3. collapsible iron tyre mobile devices according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: can be rotated on the tension and compression beam (3) The mode that actuating arm (8) are installed on ground is to be rotatably mounted with a shaft (7), the driving by bearing on the tension and compression beam Arm is fixedly set in the shaft.
4. collapsible iron tyre mobile devices according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: be located at the lower core disk mounting base (11) tension and compression beam crossbeam (6) is equipped between two tension and compression beams (3) of the same side.
5. collapsible iron tyre mobile devices according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be located at the lower core disk mounting base (11) end crossbeam (4) are equipped between two L ellbeams (1) of the same side.
6. collapsible iron tyre mobile devices according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the L ellbeam (1) is equipped with anti-side It rolls torsion bar seat (2), is installed between the anti-side rolling torsion rod seat being located on two L ellbeams of described lower core disk mounting base (11) the same side There are torsion bar mechanism for preventing side rolling of train carriage (13).
CN201611027001.0A 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices Active CN106627005B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611027001.0A CN106627005B (en) 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611027001.0A CN106627005B (en) 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106627005A CN106627005A (en) 2017-05-10
CN106627005B true CN106627005B (en) 2019-03-08

Family

ID=58807294

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611027001.0A Active CN106627005B (en) 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106627005B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5120313A (en) * 1974-08-09 1976-02-18 Whiting Corp
US4048925A (en) * 1975-06-11 1977-09-20 Swedish Rail System Ab Srs Vehicle for and method of operation on both road and railroad track
GB2148215A (en) * 1983-10-18 1985-05-30 Keith Cecil Field Road/rail vehicle
CN202242834U (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-05-30 中铁二十局集团西安工程机械有限公司 Highway and railway dual-purpose ballast supplementing vehicle
CN102616093A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 南车四方车辆有限公司 Dual-purpose vehicle for railway and road
CN103921633A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 四川森田消防装备制造有限公司 Fast conversion system for rails

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5120313A (en) * 1974-08-09 1976-02-18 Whiting Corp
US4048925A (en) * 1975-06-11 1977-09-20 Swedish Rail System Ab Srs Vehicle for and method of operation on both road and railroad track
GB2148215A (en) * 1983-10-18 1985-05-30 Keith Cecil Field Road/rail vehicle
CN202242834U (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-05-30 中铁二十局集团西安工程机械有限公司 Highway and railway dual-purpose ballast supplementing vehicle
CN102616093A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 南车四方车辆有限公司 Dual-purpose vehicle for railway and road
CN103921633A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 四川森田消防装备制造有限公司 Fast conversion system for rails

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106627005A (en) 2017-05-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201116124Y (en) Power steering truck frame work for low floor light railway
CN201189870Y (en) Power bogies
CN103523036A (en) Radial bogie for low-floor trains
EP3241690B1 (en) City rail transit vehicle
CN109515465A (en) A kind of built-in bogie of high-speed railway lorry axle box
CN108099518A (en) A kind of railway EEF bogie and rail-road car
CN201116125Y (en) Truck frame
CN110920655A (en) Axle box cross connection type express freight car bogie
CN205819216U (en) Bogie
CN109747676B (en) Railway vehicle bogie with eddy current braking device and railway vehicle
CN109591840B (en) Snow accumulation prevention device for vehicle bogie, bogie and rail train
CN106627005B (en) Collapsible iron tyre mobile devices
CN205930746U (en) Steering frame
CN206086747U (en) Wagon bogie and framework thereof
CN101837792B (en) Trailer bogie for metric rail
CN204341077U (en) Heavy-duty freight car bogie truck and vehicle
CN101434244A (en) Suspension method and system for railway vehicle
CN209683708U (en) A kind of built-in lightweight bogie of EMU non-powered axle box
KR101498450B1 (en) Bogie installation with single axle type independent driving wheel for superhigh-speed railway vehicle
CN102490747A (en) Light rail vehicle and power bogie thereof
CN209290411U (en) A kind of built-in bogie of high-speed railway lorry axle box
CN203528494U (en) Low-floor train radial bogie
CN205930742U (en) Steering frame
CN205971354U (en) Articulated formula rail vehicle bogie frame of low -floor and bogie
CN202389395U (en) Light rail vehicle and power truck thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant