CN106624624B - Transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley - Google Patents

Transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106624624B
CN106624624B CN201611006052.5A CN201611006052A CN106624624B CN 106624624 B CN106624624 B CN 106624624B CN 201611006052 A CN201611006052 A CN 201611006052A CN 106624624 B CN106624624 B CN 106624624B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
positioning
transformation
size
pin hole
axle housing
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CN201611006052.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106624624A (en
Inventor
段华荣
于丽娜
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第一拖拉机股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201611006052.5A priority Critical patent/CN106624624B/en
Publication of CN106624624A publication Critical patent/CN106624624A/en
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Publication of CN106624624B publication Critical patent/CN106624624B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B35/00Axle units; Parts thereof ; Arrangements for lubrication of axles
    • B60B35/12Torque-transmitting axles
    • B60B35/16Axle housings

Abstract

A kind of transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, belongs to mechanical manufacturing field.Transformation application method of the present invention, while a kind of cleaning consignment trolley and its " positioning component processing and preparation method " technical solution for multi items " face finger setting " axle housing part is is studied by system, a kind of same period research for matching implemented, it not only can ensure that multi items face finger setting axle housing part is used on cleaning consignment trolley, widen application range, and related positioning component transformation uses in kind transformation, it is feasible, reliably, and it is time saving, it is laborsaving, and it can avoid " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon when transformation and occur, needed for quick transformation when meeting actual production.The invention, method is clear, simple and convenient, easy to use, has propagable application value.

Description

Transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical manufacturing fields, are related to a kind of cleaning consignment trolley used on step-by-step movement pipeline, especially It is related to a kind of transformation application method for multi items " face finger setting " axle housing cleaning consignment trolley.
It is not of the same race to mean that " face finger setting " axle housing part is formed due to its " location dimension " changes for the multi items Class axle housing part kind;" the face finger setting " means such part system using the positioning method of " plane and two pits ";The transformation Application method means that such part need to convert kind and process needed for positioning is placed and is completed on its " cleaning consignment trolley " and matches After system, how involved positioning component, which implements it, converts the method used.
Background technique
" steeraxle is driven before tractor " axle housing part generallys use foundry engieering molding, and belongs to unidirectional(It is axial)Ruler It is very little compared with long material.It is well known, in its forming process, a large amount of castings can be stained on axle housing part inside and outside wall especially internal chamber wall The impurity such as molding sand, powder, though it is rear through forced liquidations such as ball blasts, but still have some remain on its internal chamber wall;In addition, at it During machine adds, also easily the impurity such as some iron filings, powder are brought among the inner cavity of axle housing part;Furthermore in its transporting procedures In, some external fines objects such as industrial dust also easily enter among the inner cavity of axle housing part.
Before " driving steeraxle before tractor " component assembling, it usually needs carry out the cleaning of surfaces externally and internally to axle housing part Processing.If insufficient cleaning, especially axle housing inner cavity cleaning low quality cannot be by molding sand therein, iron filings, powder, dust Equal impurity cleaning treatment is clean, and intrusion kinematic pair, abrasion fortune are easy in these operational process of remaining impurity after mounting Row part, the i.e. important movement such as main deceleration assembly, end deceleration assembly, steering system assembly of the installation of reduction axle housing inner cavity of component The work quality and service life of component when serious, premature failure after will cause tractor use or lead to safe mass thing Therefore particularly with the manufacturing industry of the Agricultural Machinery Equipments such as the high-end tractor risen in recent years for, it is even more so.
For this purpose, further to promote the cleaning quality that " driving steeraxle before tractor " axle housing part includes its inner cavity, this Applicant once studies early period and some related patents that have been authorized, such as:A kind of electronic probe cleaning device for axle housing inner cavity (Patent No. ZL201520222313.1), a kind of electronic double shift fork stepping type conveying devices for Automatic Conveying line(Patent Number ZL201520699473.5), it is a kind of for step-by-step movement conveying and axle housing Cleaning of Parts consignment trolley(The patent No. ZL20152103808 7.8)Etc. be related to axle housing cleaning patented technology.
Explanation:Above-mentioned " a kind of for step-by-step movement conveying and the consignment trolley of axle housing Cleaning of Parts " bridge described in patented technology Shell part, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows.The axle housing part that " steeraxle driven before tractor " as shown in the figure is use " on one side two Pin " positioning method referred to as " sells axle housing 1 in face ", that is, sells axle housing plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard using the face being located at below the pin axle housing center line α of face shown in Fig. 1 The face Pa 1a and two dowel hole 1b is by its axle housing part " positioning is placed " on cleaning consignment trolley;Wherein, involved " location dimension " has:Axle housing positions aperture ∮ D, axle housing two positions pitch of holes L1, axle housing location hole to centreline space away from L2, axle housing The most wide spacing L3 of mounting hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H, totally five location dimensions.
Lasting explanation:Above-mentioned " a kind of for step-by-step movement conveying and the consignment trolley of axle housing Cleaning of Parts " institute in patented technology The cleaning consignment trolley stated, as shown in Figures 4 to 6.The trolley includes:Positioning pin 2, positioning thin plate 3, vehicle body component 4, flat wheel group Part 5, V wheel assembly 6, band waterproof seat bearing assembly 7;Wherein, weldering is connected with installation recessed bar 4a and concave-board 4b on vehicle body component 4. The trolley can not only carry axle housing part(Sell axle housing 1 in face)And it can satisfy trolley in above-mentioned " electronic double shift fork step-by-step movements The brisk steady and non-step-by-step movement delivery requirements lifted in conveying device ", but also convenient for the bridge of " positioning is placed " on trolley Shell part(Sell axle housing 1 in face)Surfaces externally and internally cleaning, including solve the problems, such as placement is accurately positioned and meet that above-mentioned " electronic probe is clear Cleaning device " is inserted into axle housing inner cavity cleaning and runs the eligibility requirement of idler wheel cleaning LP blades.
It further illustrates:Trolley described in above-mentioned patented technology, although for axle housing part(Sell axle housing 1 in face)It is accurately positioned Placement, surfaces externally and internally cleaning, step-by-step movement conveying, idler wheel LP blades etc., have positive beneficial effect, but its trolley exists On the wide level of its practical application, still there is certain limitation.
Explanation:After the trolley completes, it is only applicable to the cleaning of single variety " face finger setting " axle housing part, it can not Used in the cleaning of variety classes " face finger setting " axle housing part kind for being formed by " location dimension " variation.Namely Say, when be related to axle housing positioning " axle housing two position pitch of holes L1, axle housing location hole to centreline space away from L2, axle housing positioning aperture ∮ D, the most wide spacing L3 of axle housing mounting hole, axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H " five " location dimension " occur one or more It, then cannot be in the above-mentioned cleaning that implementation axle housing part on trolley has been made when variation.
Lasting explanation:In response to this, if need to convert a certain kind axle housing implements cleaning, need to be made trolley into Row improves, such as when " axle housing two positions pitch of holes L1, axle housing location hole to centreline space away from the most wide spacing L3 of L2, axle housing mounting hole " Three sizes change, then need will to weld " installation the recessed bar 4a, concave-board 4b " being connected on vehicle body component 4 implement one by one it is mandatory Cleaning is removed, and is remake according to " location dimension " after variation, especially then also needs to weld the institute being connected on vehicle body component 4 again It needs on position, does so, it is not only time-consuming to be difficult to Fast transforms kind, needed for meeting actual production Fast transforms, but also want " strong Tear open and weld again ", car body very easy to damage, if in addition, trolley has been made as having tens of on step-by-step movement pipeline, then kind The improvement amount of transformation is bigger, and the time can be longer.
It further illustrates:Even if completing above-mentioned trolley to improve, equally, improved trolley is only still to be suitable for one The cleaning of kind axle housing part if converting kind again, or returns the Cleaning application for changing preceding kind, then also needs to repeat to implement State development, do so, though it is feasible, it is undesirable, also It is not necessary to.
To sum up, to meet used in the cleaning of multi items " face finger setting " axle housing part, the applicant is for above-mentioned Deficiency " is sold in research " the cleaning consignment trolley that one kind is used for multi items ' face finger setting ' axle housing part " and for multi items face Position the processing and preparation method of axle housing part " while, involved positioning component becomes when also cooperation has studied kind transformation Application method is changed, and has received good effect.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention ties up to as cooperation research " cleaning support of the one kind for multi items ' face finger setting ' axle housing part While fortune trolley " and its " positioning component processing and preparation method " technical solution, provide a kind of " for multi items face finger setting bridge The transformation application method of shell cleaning consignment trolley " not only can ensure that multi items face finger setting axle housing part in cleaning consignment trolley It is upper used, application range is widened, and related positioning component transformation uses in kind transformation, " feasible, reliable ", and " time saving, laborsaving ", and can avoid " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon when transformation and occur, needed for quick transformation when meeting actual production. The invention, method is clear, simple and convenient, easy to use, has propagable application value.
In order to realize that goal of the invention of the present invention, the present invention use following technical scheme:
A kind of transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, the transformation user Method is meant according to related fixed on a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " kind part " location dimension " completion " cleaning consignment trolley " In the case of the establishment of component of position, when need to convert axle housing kind on " consignment trolley " and position placement implement to clean when, i.e., ought relate to And when axle housing " location dimension " appearance one or more change in size, to meet " left end involved by the demand of kind transformation How pin hole positioning component 9, plane positioning component 10, right end pin hole positioning component 11 " and it is completed after required processing prepares Implement it and convert the method used, steps are as follows:
1)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L1 and size W1 compares variation, wherein size L1 is fixed for axle housing two Position pitch of holes, size W1 are two positioning pin spacing of trolley;
Whether by it on its existing " left end backing plate 16 with holes and right end backing plate 28 with holes ", supplementary processing has " positioning peace Put size " variation after pin hole, be divided into following two situation:
1-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload and used that " left end pin hole positioning component 9, right end pin hole are fixed Hyte part 11 ", and by " backing plate with holes " of "None" the supplementary processing therein, " pad with holes of " having " the supplementary processing pin hole that changes the outfit Plate " is put into including " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end bolt 30 with holes " therein is changed position and inserting for supplementary processing is completed In pin hole, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed is used;
1-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., selection makes " backing plate with holes " and is newly machined with change in size again Pin hole afterwards then needs to unload and use " left end pin hole positioning component 9, right end pin hole positioning component 11 ", and will wherein " backing plate with holes ", " backing plate with holes " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end are with holes by therein Bolt 30 " is put into fresh processed pin hole, and the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
2)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L2 and size W2 compares variation, wherein size L2 is axle housing positioning Hole to centreline space away from, W2 be positioning pin to car body centreline space away from;
Whether by it in its existing " left end band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole recessed bar 29 ", supplementary processing has " fixed Pin hole after position placement size " variation, is divided into following two situation:
2-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload two that have used "None" supplementary processing " band pin hole recessed bars " The part being related to thereon is changed " band pin hole recessed bar " of " having " supplementary processing pin hole, and by two unloaded " left end is fixed Position double end pin 19, right end positioning double end pin 31 " change a position and are put into the pin hole that supplementary processing is completed, it can be completed The transformation of positioning component uses;
2-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., selection makes " band pin hole recessed bar " and is newly machined with size change again Pin hole after change then needs to unload the part being related to two " with pin hole recessed bars " of "None" supplementary processing and thereon, changes Again " the band pin hole recessed bar " of selection production, and " the left end positioning double end pin 19, right end positioning double end pin that two have been unloaded 31 " are put into fresh processed pin hole, and the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
3)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size ∮ D and size ∮ d compares variation, wherein size ∮ D is axle housing positioning Aperture, ∮ d are positioning pin outer diameter;
In left end band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole recessed bar 29, " left end positioning before change in size is unloaded Double end pin 19, right end position double end pin 31 ", and transformation inserts " the positioning double end pin " of the production of selection again, its positioning can be completed The transformation of component uses;
4)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L3 and size W3 compares variation, wherein size L3 is axle housing installation The most wide spacing in hole, W3 are that trolley two positions plate spacing;
Whether have on two pieces " groove backing plates 23 " at it by it, supplementary processing has the pad after " size is placed in positioning " variation Plate groove is divided into following three kinds of situations:
4-1)If the backing plate groove of " having " supplementary processing, needs to unload and used " plane positioning component 10 ", and will wherein " the groove backing plate " of "None" supplementary processing backing plate groove, " the groove backing plate " of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove that changes the outfit, including will " positioning plate 27 " two pieces therein changes a position and is put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, and the change of its positioning component can be completed Change use;
4-2)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, if on having used " groove backing plate ", though without supplementary processing " positioning Backing plate groove after placement size " variation, but after the placement of its positioning plate 27, the cleaning for having no effect on installation screw 1c is used and is needed It asks, does not then have to unload again to have used " plane positioning component 10 ", can continue to continue to use " groove pad used in a certain kind before converting Plate ";
4-3)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, and it is not belonging to step 4-2)Situation needs the production of selection again " recessed Slot backing plate " and the backing plate groove being newly machined with after " size is placed in positioning " variation, then need to unload and used " plane positioning component 10 ", And will be wherein with two pieces " groove backing plates ", " the groove backing plate " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including two pieces therein " are positioned Plate 27 " is put into fresh processed backing plate groove, and the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
5)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size H and size h1 compares variation, wherein size H is axle housing center line To Chinese lute interplanar distance, h1 is trolley positioning surface to car body upper end interplanar distance;
Groove backing plate 23, adjusting pad 25, the positioning plate 27 used before change in size in " plane positioning component 10 " are unloaded, is changed On selection production again " adjusting pad ", and be co-mounted on the 12a of car body upper surface in company with groove backing plate 23, positioning plate 27 Middle part, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed use;
So far, the transformation for needing to implement is terminated using step to this whole.
The positioning component transformation uses, and is according to a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " part " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, H " five positioning Size is when kind converts, if there are " positioning difference " situations of change in size, i.e., have variation according to location dimension Number situation corresponds implementation, " single " can not only correspond to and implement, can also the corresponding implementation of " multiple " or " whole " combination.
Implementation steps involved in the transformation application method are only " selling axle housing 1 in the face " kind for needing to convert And the positioning component transformation for needing to implement transformation when positioning and placing in its " cleaning consignment trolley " uses step, if having it is multiple because There is variety classes " selling axle housing 1 in face " the kind part for changing and being formed in its " location dimension ", and repeats and implements above-mentioned steps, i.e., It is achievable its respectively required transformation uses.
Due to using the above-mentioned technical solution, the present invention can reach following beneficial effect:
1, transformation application method of the present invention is that " one kind is for multi items ' face finger setting ' axle housing part for cooperation The synchronous research that cleaning consignment trolley " is implemented with its " positioning component processing and preparation method " technical solution, is not only further opened up Wide practical ranges of the consignment trolley, and can realize that " time saving, laborsaving " portable converts, and when can avoid transformation " toll breakdown and weld again " phenomenon occurs.
2, transformation application method of the present invention, not only for " face finger setting " axle housing part kind " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, Five positioning of five location dimensions of H " and positioning component " W1, W2, ∮ d, W3, h1 " place processing involved in size and prepare situation, Transformation statement of classifying one by one has been carried out, but also the transformation of positioning component needed for it has been used, correspond using and say Bright, part or position description including required transformation etc. are small in its cleaning delivery for satisfaction " face finger setting " axle housing part kind Implement positioning component transformation on vehicle, provides a kind of feasible, reliable application method.
3, transformation application method of the present invention, it is clear, it is simple and convenient, it is easy to use, there is propagable application Value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is to use " face finger setting " axle housing design of part schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the K direction view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the M of Fig. 1 to enlarged view;
Fig. 4 is that single variety " face finger setting " axle housing cleans consignment trolley structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the N direction view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the P of Fig. 4 to enlarged view;
Fig. 7 is that multi items " face finger setting " axle housing cleans consignment trolley structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the Q direction view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the R of Fig. 7 to enlarged view;
Figure 10 is band mounting hole vehicle body component structural schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the S direction view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the A-A enlarged view of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is left end pin hole positioning component structural schematic diagram;
Figure 14 is the T direction view of Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the B-B enlarged view of Figure 14;
Figure 16 is plane positioning component structure diagram;
Figure 17 is the U direction view of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the C-C enlarged view of Figure 17;
Figure 19 is right end pin hole positioning component structural schematic diagram;
Figure 20 is the V direction view of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the D-D enlarged view of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is that multi items " face finger setting " axle housing cleans one of consignment trolley operation schematic diagram;
Figure 23 is that multi items " face finger setting " axle housing cleans the two of consignment trolley operation schematic diagram;
In figure:
1, axle housing is sold in face;1a, bridge casing lute face;1b, dowel hole;1c, installation screw;2, positioning pin;3, thin plate is positioned; 4, vehicle body component;4a, installation recessed bar;4b, concave-board;5, flat wheel assembly;6, V wheel assembly;7, band waterproof seat bearing assembly;8, band Mounting hole vehicle body component;9, left end pin hole positioning component;10, plane positioning component;11, right end pin hole positioning component;12, rectangular Shape panel-type frame;12a, car body upper surface;12b, screwing through hole;13, vehicle frame gusset piece;14, idler wheel gusset piece;14a, processing work Skill hole;15, stepping collision block;16, left end backing plate with holes;16a, the left end hole bolt A;16b, the left end hole bolt B;17, left end band pin Hole recessed bar;18, left end bolt with holes;19, left end positions double end pin;20, left end pin adjustment gasket;21, left end backing plate is with tightly Firmware;22, left end backing plate square taper washer;23, groove backing plate;23a, backing plate A groove;23b, backing plate B groove;24, groove pad Plate fastener;25, adjusting pad;26, groove backing plate square taper washer;27, positioning plate;28, right end backing plate with holes;28a, right end The hole bolt A;28b, the hole right end bolt B;29, right end band pin hole recessed bar;30, right end bolt with holes;31, right end positions double end pin; 32, right end pin adjustment gasket;33, right end backing plate fastener;34, right end backing plate square taper washer;35, flat shape track;36, Electronic double shift fork step conveying devices;36a, shift fork;37, v-shaped track;38, left end probe cleaning device;39, right end probe is clear Cleaning device.
In another figure:
Axle housing center line is sold in α, face;∮ D, axle housing position aperture;L1, axle housing two position pitch of holes;L2, axle housing location hole are extremely Centreline space away from;The most wide spacing of L3, axle housing mounting hole;H, axle housing center line is to Chinese lute interplanar distance;β, the first center line of car body; β ', the second center line of car body;∮ d, positioning pin outer diameter;H, axle housing center line is to car body upper end interplanar distance;H1, trolley positioning surface are extremely Car body upper end interplanar distance;W1, two positioning pin spacing of trolley;W2, positioning pin to car body centreline space away from;W3, two positioning plate of trolley Spacing;γ, top jet water flow;ε, probe injection water;δ, base injcction water flow;X, line direction before stepping;X ', stepping retreat Direction;Z, left end probe direction of travel;Z', right end probe direction of travel.
Note:Dimensional units involved in content of the present invention are mm.
Specific embodiment
The present invention can be explained in more detail by the following examples, the invention is not limited to the following examples, The open purpose of the present invention is intended to protect all changes and improvements in the scope of the invention.
Preceding to be described, the present invention is to study a kind of cleaning delivery for multi items " face finger setting " axle housing part small While vehicle " and its " positioning component processing and preparation method " technical solution, cooperates one kind " transformation application method " of research, be This, for convenience of aforementioned present invention content is understood, in the following, introducing the structural representation of " cleaning consignment trolley " used first and matching Set situation:
Know by Fig. 7 to Fig. 9 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Figure 10 to Figure 21, one kind being used for multi items " face finger setting " axle housing zero The cleaning consignment trolley of part, including:Band mounting hole vehicle body component 8, left end pin hole positioning component 9, plane positioning component 10, right end Pin hole positioning component 11, flat wheel assembly 5, V wheel assembly 6, band waterproof seat bearing assembly 7;The vehicle with mounting hole vehicle body component 8 Left end pin hole positioning component 9, plane positioning component 10, right end pin hole positioning component 11 are configured on the 12a of body upper surface, wherein Left end pin hole positioning component 9 is located at the left end of the second center line of car body β ', and right end pin hole positioning component 11 is located in car body second The right end of heart line β ', and symmetrical mirror configuration between the two, in addition, plane positioning component 10 is configured on the basis of the second center line β ' The symmetrical mirror configuration of two pieces of positioning plates 27 at the middle part with mounting hole vehicle body component 8, and thereon;In the above-mentioned configuration, Two positioning pin spacing W1 of trolley be equal to axle housing two position pitch of holes L1 size, i.e. W1=L1, positioning pin to car body centreline space away from W2 is equal to axle housing location hole to centreline space away from L2 size, i.e. W2=L2;In addition, the value that trolley two positions plate spacing W3 ties up to " add " again on the most wide spacing L3 size basis of axle housing mounting hole or " subtracting " 20mm(That is ± 20mm), trolley positioning surface to car body upper end Interplanar distance h1 is equal to difference of the axle housing center line to car body upper end interplanar distance h and axle housing center line to Chinese lute interplanar distance H size, i.e. h1 = h-H。
Know by Figure 10 to Figure 12 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, the band mounting hole vehicle body component 8, including:It is long Rectangular panel-type frame 12, vehicle frame gusset piece 13, idler wheel gusset piece 14, stepping collision block 15;The vehicle of the rectangle panel-type frame 12 Body upper surface 12a is a finishing plane, and is machined with 14 screwing through hole 12b thereon, and two-by-two respectively with the first center of car body Symmetrical mirror configuration on the basis of line β;
Know by Figure 13 to Figure 15 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the left end pin hole positioning component 9, including:It is left Hold backing plate 16 with holes, left end band pin hole recessed bar 17, left end bolt 18 with holes, left end positioning double end pin 19, left end pin adjusting pad Piece 20, left end backing plate fastener 21, left end backing plate square taper washer 22;The left end backing plate 16 with holes, is to be padded by left end Plate fastener 21, left end backing plate square taper washer 22 connect firmly the left end of end face 12a on the car body;The left end band pin hole recessed bar 17, it is to be inserted into two left end pin holes by two left ends bolt 18 with holes, that is, places it in two pieces of left end backing plates with holes On 16;The left end positioning double end pin 19 and several left ends pin adjustment gasket 20, configuration is in left end with pin hole recessed bar 17 Recess end, wherein positioning pin outer diameter ∮ d corresponds to axle housing and positions aperture ∮ D size, and is clearance fit between the two;
Know by Figure 16 to Figure 18 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the plane positioning component 10, including:Groove Backing plate 23, groove backing plate fastener 24, adjusting pad 25, groove backing plate square taper washer 26, positioning plate 27;Two pieces of grooves Backing plate 23 and adjusting pad 25, be on the basis of the first center line of car body β, and pass through groove backing plate fastener 24, groove pad Plate square taper washer 26 symmetrically connects firmly the middle part of end face 12a on the car body, in addition, two pieces of 27 systems of positioning plate are with the second center of car body It is symmetrically disposed on the basis of line β ' in the backing plate groove of groove backing plate 23;
Know by Figure 19 to Figure 21 and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 12, the right end pin hole positioning component 11, including: Right end backing plate 28 with holes, right end band pin hole recessed bar 29, right end bolt 30 with holes, right end positioning double end pin 31, the adjustment of right end pin Gasket 32, right end backing plate fastener 33, right end backing plate square taper washer 34;The right end backing plate 28 with holes, is to pass through right end Backing plate fastener 33, right end backing plate square taper washer 34 connect firmly the right end of end face 12a on the car body;The right end band pin hole is recessed Item 29 is to be inserted into right end pin hole by two right ends bolt 30 with holes, that is, places it in two pieces of right ends backing plate 28 with holes On;The right end positioning double end pin 31 and several right end pins adjustment gasket 32, configuration are recessed in right end band pin hole recessed bar 29 Locate end, wherein positioning pin outer diameter ∮ d corresponds to axle housing and positions aperture ∮ D size, and is clearance fit between the two.
In the following, then introducing the processing and preparation method of " cleaning consignment trolley " used:
Known by Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 21, the processing and preparation method, is meant according to a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " product In the case of related positioning component makes in kind of part " location dimension " completions " cleaning consignment trolley ", when needing to convert axle housing Kind ought be related to axle housing " location dimension " and one or more rulers occur when implementation cleaning is placed in positioning on " consignment trolley " When very little variation, to meet the demand of kind transformation to " the left end pin hole positioning component 9, plane positioning component 10, right end being related to How pin hole positioning component 11 " implements the method that its processing is prepared, and steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
Being related to comparing explicitly " face pin axle housing 1 " location dimension has:" axle housing two positions pitch of holes L1, axle housing location hole extremely Centreline space, to Chinese lute interplanar distance H ", is related to away from L2, axle housing positioning aperture ∮ D, the most wide spacing L3 of axle housing mounting hole, axle housing center line And comparison specific " positioning component " positioning is placed size and is had:" two positioning pin spacing W1 of trolley, positioning pin to car body centreline space Plate spacing W3, trolley positioning surface to car body upper end interplanar distance h1, axle housing center line are positioned away from W2, positioning pin outer diameter ∮ d, trolley two It is as follows to car body upper end interplanar distance h ":
1-1)" face pin axle housing " size " positioning difference " compares clear
The axle housing " location dimension " for a certain kind being applicable on " cleaning consignment trolley " is fitted with needing to convert kind Whether five location dimensions of axle housing " location dimension " --- " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, H ", are compared one by one, clear to have " positioning difference " after variation;
1-2)" positioning component " size " placing difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " positioning difference " situation, will match on " cleaning consignment trolley " " the positioning peace set " positioning placement size " involved in the positioning component used and transformation " face pin axle housing 1 " kind is needed to be related to Put size " --- sizes are placed in " W1, W2, ∮ d, W3, h1 " five positioning, are compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1, W2= L2, ∮ d and ∮ D clearance fit, W3=L3 ± 20, h1=h-H " size corresponding relationship, it is clear whether have variation after " place it is poor Value ";
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Specific " placing difference " is compared, i.e., is changed on involved " cleaning consignment trolley " to existing Positioning component, according to need to complete required processing item, including supplementary processing or selection again needed for being completed on existing part Processing and fabricating new parts, it is as follows:
2-1)There is the W1 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Specific " placing difference ", backing plate 16 with holes and two pieces of right end pads with holes two pieces of left ends are compared according to " W1=L1 " On plate 28, it is respectively required to determine that whether there is or not spatial position layouts supplementary processing " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end bolt 30 with holes " Bolt hole site;If so, above-mentioned four pieces " backing plates with holes " can be unloaded, i.e., add on existing part by its " placing difference " supplement Pin hole needed for work, the processing item after completing W1 change in size;If nothing, selection again is needed to make above-mentioned four pieces of " pads with holes Plate " new parts, including by pin hole needed for its " placing difference " processing, ibid, the processing after W1 change in size can be completed Item;
2-2)There is the W2 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Specific " placing difference " is compared according to " W2=L2 ", band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole recessed bar 29 in left end On, determine that whether there is or not spatial positions to be laid out supplementary processing " left end positions double end pin 19, right end positions double end pin 31 " lower end respectively institute The bolt hole site needed;If so, above-mentioned two " band pin hole recessed bar " can be unloaded, i.e., by its " placing difference " on existing part Pin hole needed for supplementary processing, the processing item after completing W2 change in size;If nothing, need the production of selection again above-mentioned two " band pin hole recessed bar " new parts, including W2 change in size ibid can be completed by pin hole needed for its " placing difference " processing Processing item afterwards;
2-3)There is the ∮ d dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Specific " placing difference " is compared according to ∮ d and ∮ D clearance fit, band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole in left end In recessed bar 29, existing " left end positions double end pin 19, right end positioning double end pin 31 " is unloaded, and by its " placing difference ", is selected again " positioning double end pin ", the processing item after completing ∮ d change in size two needed for material processing;
2-4)There is the W3 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Specific " placing difference " is compared according to " W3=L3 ± 20 ", on two pieces of groove backing plates 23, determines that whether there is or not spaces The respective required backing plate groove location of two pieces of location layout supplementary processing " positioning plate 27 ";If so, can be by above-mentioned two pieces of " groove pads Plate " unloads, i.e., by backing plate groove needed for its " placing difference " supplementary processing on existing part, after completing W3 change in size Process item;If nothing, in two kinds of situation, first is that after implementing plane positioning using positioning plate 27, if not blocking bridge casing lute face 1a On installation screw 1c, i.e., do not influence its cleaning, that is to say, that though there is W3 size " place difference ", can be considered " no difference " feelings Condition can continue two pieces of groove backing plates 23 for continuing to use existing part, be not required to implement it again to unload and process, and be considered as and complete W3 size Processing item after variation;Second is that needing the production of selection again above-mentioned two if blocking and without spatial position Layout processing backing plate groove Block " groove backing plate " new parts, including the change of W3 size ibid can be completed by backing plate groove needed for its " placing difference " processing Processing item after change;
2-5)There is the h1 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Specific " placing difference " is compared according to " h1=h-H ", unloads in plane positioning component 10 " and has two pieces of grooves 23, six, backing plate, 25, two pieces of adjusting pad positioning plate 27, and by its " placing difference ", again " adjusting pad " needed for selection production, Processing item after h1 change in size can be completed;
So far, the processing preparation steps for needing to implement, terminate to this whole.
Positioning component processing described above is prepared, and is according to a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " part " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, H " five Location dimension is when kind converts, if there are " positioning difference " situations of change in size, i.e., change according to location dimension Number situation, correspond and implement, not only can it is " single " it is corresponding implement, can also " multiple " or " whole " combination correspond to implementation.
Implementation steps involved in processing and preparation method described above are only " the selling axle housing 1 in face " for needing to convert Kind and the positioning component processing preparation steps for needing to implement transformation when positioning is placed on its " cleaning consignment trolley ", if having more A variety classes " selling axle housing 1 in face " kind part formed due to its " location dimension " changes, repeats and implements above-mentioned step Suddenly, it can be completed, and respectively required processing is prepared.
Grammatical interpretation:
" supplementary processing " meaning of word referred in above-mentioned steps is meant when " selling axle housing 1 in face " kind part location dimension variation Involved positioning component is there are when " place difference ", if tying up on existing part has achievable its " spatial position layout " Required processing item, referred to as " supplementary processing ";" selection production again " meaning of word, if meaning complete without its " spatial position layout " At required processing item, that is, points out to have showed spatial position layout interference, material need to be selected else and remake new parts, including is required The processing item of completion, referred to as " selection production again ".
In the following, illustrating of the present invention a kind of for multi items " face finger setting " in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 21 The transformation application method of axle housing cleaning consignment trolley.
The transformation application method is meant according to a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " kind part " location dimension " completion " cleaning On consignment trolley " in the case of the production of related positioning component, positioned when needing to convert axle housing kind on " consignment trolley " When placing implementation cleaning, i.e., when being related to axle housing " location dimension " appearance one or more change in size, to meet kind transformation Demand involved by " left end pin hole positioning component 9, plane positioning component 10, right end pin hole positioning component 11 " and be completed After required processing is prepared, how to implement it and convert the method used, steps are as follows:
1)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L1 and size W1 compares variation, wherein size L1 is fixed for axle housing two Position pitch of holes, size W1 are two positioning pin spacing of trolley;
Whether by it on its existing " left end backing plate 16 with holes and right end backing plate 28 with holes ", supplementary processing has " positioning peace Put size " variation after pin hole, be divided into following two situation:
1-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload and used that " left end pin hole positioning component 9, right end pin hole are fixed Hyte part 11 ", and by " backing plate with holes " of "None" the supplementary processing therein, " pad with holes of " having " the supplementary processing pin hole that changes the outfit Plate " is put into including " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end bolt 30 with holes " therein is changed position and inserting for supplementary processing is completed In pin hole, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed is used;It should be noted that this transformation series belongs to for the first time, if complete It converts and uses at this time, and still need to return a certain kind before converting later in use, no longer needing to the two " pin hole positioning groups Part " unloads, it is only necessary to take out two " bolt with holes ", directly change a position and insert, that is, be directly placed into same " with holes On backing plate " and in the pin hole that uses needed for a certain kind that is applicable in front of transformation;
1-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., selection makes " backing plate with holes " and is newly machined with change in size again Pin hole afterwards then needs to unload and use " left end pin hole positioning component 9, right end pin hole positioning component 11 ", and will wherein " backing plate with holes ", " backing plate with holes " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end are with holes by therein Bolt 30 " is put into fresh processed pin hole, and the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;It should be noted that if needing weight A certain kind before returning transformation is in use, " backing plate with holes " for having unloaded "None" supplementary processing pin hole can be gained again, then Two " the pin hole positioning components " that its time is matched are installed to the left and right ends on the 12a of car body upper surface, including by two therein In the pin hole used needed for a certain kind that " bolt with holes " places back in front of transformation, the reply of its positioning component can be completed Transformation uses, that is to say, that two pieces " backing plates with holes " of "None" supplementary processing pin hole used in a certain kind before transformation, still It can continue to use;
2)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L2 and size W2 compares variation, wherein size L2 is axle housing positioning Hole to centreline space away from, W2 be positioning pin to car body centreline space away from;
Whether by it in its existing " left end band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole recessed bar 29 ", supplementary processing has " fixed Pin hole after position placement size " variation, is divided into following two situation:
2-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload two that have used "None" supplementary processing " band pin hole recessed bars " The part being related to thereon is changed " band pin hole recessed bar " of " having " supplementary processing pin hole, and by two unloaded " left end is fixed Position double end pin 19, right end positioning double end pin 31 " change a position and are put into the pin hole that supplementary processing is completed, it can be completed The transformation of positioning component uses;It needs to illustrate two o'clock, first is that can moderately increase and decrease " left end when transformation inserts " positioning double end pin " The configuration quantity of pin adjustment gasket 20 and right end pin adjustment gasket 32 ", in order to meet the ∮ on " positioning double end pin " Dowel hole 1b is inserted at the end d(∮D)Interior required Suitable depth;Second is that this transformation series belongs to for the first time, if the secondary change is completed Use is changed, and still needs to a certain kind returned before converting later in use, no longer needing to unload the two " band pin hole recessed bars ", only Need to two " positioning double end pins " taking-ups directly be changed a position and be inserted, that is, be directly placed into same " band pin hole recessed bar " And it is applicable in the pin hole used needed for a certain kind before transformation;
2-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., selection makes " band pin hole recessed bar " and is newly machined with size change again Pin hole after change then needs to unload the part being related to two " with pin hole recessed bars " of "None" supplementary processing and thereon, changes Again " the band pin hole recessed bar " of selection production, and " the left end positioning double end pin 19, right end positioning double end pin that two have been unloaded 31 " are put into fresh processed pin hole, and the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;It needs to illustrate two o'clock, first is that ibid, When transformation inserts " positioning double end pin ", it can moderately increase and decrease matching for " left end pin adjusting gasket 32 with adjustment gasket 20 and right end pin " Set quantity, in order to meet the end the ∮ d insertion dowel hole 1b on " positioning double end pin "(∮D)Interior required Suitable depth; Second is that if a certain kind before transformation need to be returned in use, " the band of the "None" supplementary processing pin hole unloaded can be gained again Pin hole recessed bar ", then by the pin hole used needed for a certain kind that two " positioning double end pins " place back in front of transformation, i.e., The reply of its achievable positioning component, which converts, to be used, that is to say, that two used in a certain kind before transformation " band pin hole recessed bar ", May continue to using;
3)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size ∮ D and size ∮ d compares variation, wherein size ∮ D is axle housing positioning Aperture, ∮ d are positioning pin outer diameter;
In left end band pin hole recessed bar 17 and right end band pin hole recessed bar 29, " left end positioning before change in size is unloaded Double end pin 19, right end position double end pin 31 ", and transformation inserts " the positioning double end pin " of the production of selection again, its positioning can be completed The transformation of component uses;It should be noted that ibid, when transformation inserts " positioning double end pin ", can moderately increase and decrease " left end pin use Adjust gasket 20 and right end pin the configuration quantity of adjustment gasket 32 ", in order to meet the end the ∮ d insertion on " double end pin " Dowel hole 1b(∮D)Interior required Suitable depth;
4)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L3 and size W3 compares variation, wherein size L3 is axle housing installation The most wide spacing in hole, W3 are that trolley two positions plate spacing;
Whether have on two pieces " groove backing plates 23 " at it by it, supplementary processing has the pad after " size is placed in positioning " variation Plate groove is divided into following three kinds of situations:
4-1)If the backing plate groove of " having " supplementary processing, needs to unload and used " plane positioning component 10 ", and will wherein " the groove backing plate " of "None" supplementary processing backing plate groove, " the groove backing plate " of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove that changes the outfit, including will " positioning plate 27 " two pieces therein changes a position and is put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, and the change of its positioning component can be completed Change use;It should be noted that this transformation series belongs to for the first time, used if this time transformation is completed, and still need to return later A certain kind before transformation is in use, no longer need to unload " plane positioning component ", it is only necessary to take out two pieces " positioning plate ", directly It changes a position to insert, that is, be directly placed on same " groove backing plate " and be applicable in use needed for a certain kind before transformation Backing plate groove in;
4-2)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, if on having used " groove backing plate ", though without supplementary processing " positioning Backing plate groove after placement size " variation, but after the placement of its positioning plate 27, the cleaning for having no effect on installation screw 1c is used and is needed It asks, does not then have to unload again to have used " plane positioning component 10 ", can continue to continue to use " groove pad used in a certain kind before converting Plate ";
4-3)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, and it is not belonging to step 4-2)Situation needs the production of selection again " recessed Slot backing plate " and the backing plate groove being newly machined with after " size is placed in positioning " variation, then need to unload and used " plane positioning component 10 ", And " the groove backing plate " of the production of the selection again, " plane that then will newly change again will be changed wherein with two pieces " groove backing plates " Positioning component " is installed to the middle part on the 12a of car body upper surface, including two pieces therein " positioning plates 27 " are put into fresh processed pad In plate groove, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed is used;It should be noted that if a certain kind that need to be returned before transformation makes Used time can gain " the groove backing plate " for having unloaded "None" supplementary processing backing plate the groove, " plane positioning for then matching its time again Component " is installed to the middle part on the 12a of car body upper surface, including two pieces therein " positioning plates 27 " to be placed back in certain before converting In the backing plate groove used needed for one kind, the reply transformation that its positioning component can be completed is used, that is to say, that before transformation Two pieces " groove backing plates " of "None" supplementary processing pin hole used in a certain kind, may continue to using;
5)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size H and size h1 compares variation, wherein size H is axle housing center line To Chinese lute interplanar distance, h1 is trolley positioning surface to car body upper end interplanar distance;
Groove backing plate 23, adjusting pad 25, the positioning plate 27 used before change in size in " plane positioning component 10 " are unloaded, is changed On selection production again " adjusting pad ", and be co-mounted on the 12a of car body upper surface in company with groove backing plate 23, positioning plate 27 Middle part, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed use;
So far, the transformation for needing to implement is terminated using step to this whole.
Positioning component described above, which converts, to be used, and is according to a certain " selling axle housing 1 in face " part " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, H " five A location dimension is when kind converts, if there are " positioning difference " situations of change in size, i.e., have according to location dimension The number situation of variation corresponds and implements, not only can it is " single " it is corresponding implement, can also " multiple " or " whole " combination correspond in fact It applies;Such as:Five location dimensions of above-mentioned " face finger setting " axle housing part, if there is " L1, L2, L3 " three sizes variation occur, There is " positioning difference ", then can combine and implement above-mentioned steps 1), step 2), step 4)Described in transformation application method, That is " ∮ D, H " location dimension does not change, so, related positioning component is not required to convert, it may continue to continue to use, That is step 4), step 5), no longer implement.
Implementation steps involved in transformation application method described above are only " the selling axle housing 1 in face " for needing to convert Kind and the positioning component for needing to implement transformation when positioning is placed on its " cleaning consignment trolley ", which convert, uses step, if having more A variety classes " selling axle housing 1 in face " kind part formed due to its " location dimension " changes, repeats and implements above-mentioned step Suddenly, it can be completed, and respectively required transformation uses.
Implementation example explanation:
By Figure 22, Figure 23 and Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 to Figure 21 is combined, illustrates " cleaning support of the present invention for an embodiment Transport small " performance of vehicle.
By Figure 22, Tu23Zhi, " cleaning consignment trolley " of the present invention has completed its installation production, and configured clear Operation field is washed, and being in can working condition.
1, field condition explanation is cleaned:
1)Using " flat, V " form, number is delivery track on external pipeline:Flat shape track 35, v-shaped track 37, It is upper to be placed with flat wheel assembly 5, V wheel assembly 6 respectively.
2)Conveying mechanism number is " electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 36 ", is using an authorized patent skill Art, patent No. ZL21015206994735.
3)It is placed with more " cleaning consignment trolleys " on pipeline and there are multiple face pin axle housings 1 thereon, is by " electronic double Shift fork step conveying device 36 " completes more trolleies and brisk steady, the non-step-by-step movement of lifting of axle housing conveys.
4)The present embodiment has selected " washing station " opposite pin axle housing 1 and carries out surfaces externally and internally cleaning, as shown in figure 23 Third platform " cleaning consignment trolley " present position, as " washing station " from right to left.Specific cleaning item is as follows:
4-1)Cleaning of outer surface, including the spray cleaning that top and bottom are implemented, because be use known in and generally use Technology, herein not carefully state;
4-2)Inner cavity surface cleaning is and to be distributed in face pin 1 both ends of axle housing using two probe mechanisms, and number is respectively:It is left Probe cleaning device 38 and right end probe cleaning device 39 are held, as shown in figure 22, the system of mechanism is authorized special using one Sharp technology, patent No. ZL201520222313.1.
2, course of work situation explanation:
In the following, the scavenger of explanation a certain " selling axle housing 1 in the face " kind of " cleaning consignment trolley " positioning carrying of the present invention Make situation, process is as follows:
1)Trolley stepping conveying
As shown in figure 23, when line direction X stepping is transported to terminal to electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 36 before stepping Position, and after " washing station " cleaning, it is sequentially as follows if row stepping need to convey again:
1-1)First retreat:" cleaning consignment trolley " and face pin 1 part of axle housing thereon that last time has been transported to final position, Flat shape track 35, motionless on v-shaped track 37 is paused at, at this point, the electronic double shift fork step conveying devices 36 of reverse starting, i.e., along step It is out of service after moving forwards a step pitch into direction of retreat X ';
1-2)It moves ahead again:After the completion of retreating a step pitch, if stepping further along is needed to convey, i.e., last time it will be transported to terminal Position and pause motionless " cleaning consignment trolley " and face pin 1 part of axle housing are run forward again, electronic double shift fork steppings conveyings fill Set 36 and switch to positive starting, along line direction X before stepping move forwards a step pitch after it is out of service, wherein shift fork 36a in device Collision touches on paused motionless trolley after stepping collision block 15 in the process of running, directly in push " cleaning consignment trolley " Flat wheel assembly 5, V wheel assembly 6 roll on flat shape track 35, v-shaped track 37 move ahead respectively, and it is sold 1 part of axle housing above According to needing to push, until completing an operation step pitch;Such as, original place is pushed into forward a station in the trolley on " washing station ", The trolley of the latter " to be cleaned to enter station " is pushed into " washing station " simultaneously.
2)The cleaning of axle housing interior and exterior
It, can be same on the station after " the cleaning consignment trolley " on " to be cleaned to enter station " pushes to " washing station " When implement face pin 1 part surfaces externally and internally of axle housing cleaning, according to need it is as follows:
2-1)Cleaning of outer surface:Including top, bottom-purge, that is, pass through top jet water flow γ and base injcction water flow δ Spray cleaning is carried out, until finishing, stops spray.
2-2)Inner cavity surface cleaning:When pin axle housing 1 is in " washing station " face to face, " left end probe cleaning device 38 and right end Probe cleaning device 39 " starts simultaneously initially enters axle housing inner cavity, and injection probe injection water ε, and edge respectively outward simultaneously Reciprocating " spraying when the advancing " cleaning of left end probe direction of travel Z and right end probe direction of travel Z' is retracted until finishing It is in situ, it is out of service;
So far, " consignment trolley should be cleaned " on the conveyor line, and completed the cleaning process of opposite pin 1 part of axle housing, with Afterwards, subsequent work can be entered to recycle.
It further illustrates:The axle housing center of a certain kind face pin axle housing 1 of cleaning is carried on above-mentioned " cleaning consignment trolley " Line shows to car body upper end interplanar distance h having a size of 125, such as Figure 22;In addition, " location dimension " that axle housing part is related to is:L1= 1180,L2=25,∮D=16,L3=450,H=85;" positioning place size " that corresponding positioning component is related to be:W1= 1180、W2=25、∮d=16、W3=410、h1=40。
3, situation explanation is prepared in the processing that kind transformation is related to:
If 1 part of axle housing is sold in another kind face according to needs, " location dimension " being related to is:L1= 1060,L2=25,∮D =16, L3=410, H=80 need to position on " cleaning consignment trolley " of the present invention and place, and need to also be existing in the washing and cleaning operation Field practices, including axle housing center line to car body upper end interplanar distance h size is still 125mm, can complete it according to preceding method Positioning component processing is prepared, and steps are as follows:
1)Dimension difference compares clear
Specific " face pin axle housing 1 " location dimension, which need to be compared, to be had:"L1,L2,∮D,L3,H";Specific " positioning group need to be compared Size is placed in part " positioning to be had:" W1, W2, ∮ d, W3, h1, h ", it is as follows:
1-1)" face pin axle housing " size " positioning difference " compares clear
By a certain kind axle housing " location dimension " being applicable on the trolley and kind axle housing " positioning rule need to be converted It is very little " --- " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, H " is compared one by one, clear " the positioning difference " whether having after variation;
Specially:L1 size compares, and has used kind L1=1180, stand-by kind L1=1060, there is a difference, i.e. and 1180-1060= 120;L2 size compares, and has used kind L2=25, stand-by kind L2=25, no difference, i.e. 25-25=0;∮ D size compares, articles Kind D=16 ∮, D=16 stand-by kind ∮, no difference, i.e. 16-16=0;L3 size compares, and has used kind L3=450, and stand-by kind L3= 410, there are difference, i.e. 450-410=40;H size compares, and has used kind H=85, there are difference, i.e. 85-80=5 in stand-by kind H=80;
Explanation:Known by upper comparison result, another kind face pin axle housing 1, which only has " L1, L3, H " three sizes, to be changed, and is deposited Have respectively " positioning difference ", and " L2, ∮ D " two sizes be equal with kind, no difference;
1-2)" positioning component " size " placing difference " compares clear
I.e. according to step 1-1)Determining presence changes " positioning difference " situation, by configuration uses on the trolley " positioning placement size " involved in positioning component and " the positioning placement ruler for needing transformation " face pin axle housing 1 " kind to be related to It is very little " --- " W1, W2, ∮ d, W3, h1 " is compared one by one, i.e., according to " W1=L1, W2=L2, ∮ d and ∮ D clearance fit, W3= L3 ± 20, h1=h-H " size corresponding relationship, clear " placing difference " whether having after variation;
Specially:W1=L1 size compares, and has used kind W1=L1=1180, and there are difference in stand-by kind W1=L1=1060, That is 1180-1060=120mm;W2=L2 size compares, and has used kind W2=L2=25, stand-by kind W2=L2=25, no difference, i.e., 25-25=0mm;∮ d and ∮ D clearance fit size compares, and having used kind ∮ d is 16, and stand-by kind ∮ d is 16, no difference, i.e. 16-16 = 0mm;± 20 size of W3=L3 compares, and has used kind W3=L3=450 ± 20, and there are difference in stand-by kind W3=L3=410 ± 20, That is 450-410=40mm;H1 size compares, and has used kind h1=h-H=125-85=40, stand-by kind h1=h-H=125-80=45, There are difference, i.e. 45-40=5mm;
Explanation:To be known by upper comparison result, another kind face pin axle housing 1, which only has " W1, W3, h1 " three sizes, to be changed, Have respectively " place difference ", and " W2, ∮ d " two sizes be equal with kind, no difference;
2)According to required processing need to be completed
According to step 1-2)Specific " placing difference " is compared, i.e., changes positioning group on the involved trolley to existing Part, according to need to complete required processing item, including supplementary processing needed for being completed on existing part or selection processing and fabricating again New parts, it is as follows:
2-1)There is the W1 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
In the present embodiment, specific " placing difference " is compared having a size of 120mm situation according to " W1=L1 ", there is space bit The respective required bolt hole site of layout supplementary processing " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end bolt 30 with holes " is set, so, it will be above-mentioned Four pieces " backing plate with holes " are unloaded, and press its difference on existing part(120mm)And with car body the second center line β ' for benchmark equal part On left end backing plate 16 with holes and two pieces of right ends backing plate 28 with holes, pin hole needed for supplementary processing, such as Figure 14, Tu15He Figure 20, Figure 21 are respectively shown in, i.e., can supplementary processing left end bolt B hole 16b by the 16a of the left end hole bolt A;In the hole right end bolt A It, can supplementary processing right end bolt B hole 28b by 28a;
2-2)There is the W2 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Because of comparison result, W2 positioning place size with be equal, without " placement difference ", so, which can refuse in fact It applies;
2-3)There is the ∮ d dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
Because of comparison result, ∮ d positioning place size with be equal, without " placement difference ", so, which can refuse in fact It applies;
2-4)There is the W3 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
In the present embodiment, specific " placing difference " is compared having a size of 40mm situation, two according to " W3=L3 ± 20 " There is the respective required backing plate groove location of spatial position layout two pieces of supplementary processing " positioning plate 27 " on block groove backing plate 23, therefore This, above-mentioned two pieces " groove backing plates " are unloaded, i.e., press its " difference " on existing part(40mm)And with the second center line of car body β ' is benchmark equal part on every piece " groove backing plate ", backing plate groove needed for supplementary processing, as shown in Figure 17, Figure 18, It, can supplementary processing backing plate B groove 23b by backing plate A groove 23a;
2-5)There is the h1 dimensioned item of " placing difference " variation
In the present embodiment, specific " placing difference " is compared having a size of 5mm situation according to " h1=h-H ", so, it will be upper It states six " adjusting pads " to unload, i.e., " adjusting pad " height dimension is further added by 5mm on the basis of existing size (40mm), and again Needed for selection production " adjusting pad ", the size requirements of h1=45mm can be met;
So far, above-mentioned to need to convert the positioning component processing preparation steps implemented needed for another kind face pin axle housing 1, arrive this All terminate.
4, kind converts the transformation service condition explanation being related to:
According to the above-mentioned positioning component processing preparation that need to be converted face pin a kind of axle housing and be completed, if need to be of the present invention Positioning is placed and is practiced at " washing and cleaning operation scene " on " cleaning consignment trolley ", it is fixed can to complete it according to preceding method The transformation of hyte part uses, and steps are as follows:
1)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L1 and size W1 compares variation, wherein size L1 is fixed for axle housing two Position pitch of holes, size W1 are two positioning pin spacing of trolley;
In the present embodiment, due to " being placed by it on its existing " left end backing plate 16 with holes and right end backing plate 28 with holes " Difference " 120mm (respectively unilateral is 60mm) supplementary processing has " the left end hole bolt B 16b, right end bolt B hole 28b ", so, it unloads It has used " left end pin hole positioning component 9, right end pin hole positioning component 11 ", and by the " pad with holes of "None" supplementary processing therein Plate ", " backing plate with holes " of " having " the supplementary processing pin hole that changes the outfit, including by it is therein " left end bolt 18 with holes, right end it is with holes insert Pin 30 " changes position and is put into the pin hole that supplementary processing is completed, as shown in Figure 14, Figure 15 and Figure 20, Figure 21, i.e., from Change in " the left end hole bolt A 16a, right end bolt A hole 28a " position be put into supplementary processing " the left end hole bolt B 16b, right end are inserted It sells in the 28b " of the hole B;
2)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L2 and size W2 compares variation, wherein size L2 is axle housing positioning Hole to centreline space away from, W2 be positioning pin to car body centreline space away from;
In the present embodiment, due to W2 position place size with being equal, no processing preparation, so, which can be after It is continuous to continue to use used in the preceding kind of transformation two " band pin hole recessed bars ";
3)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size ∮ D and size ∮ d compares variation, wherein size ∮ D is axle housing positioning Aperture, ∮ d are positioning pin outer diameter;
In the present embodiment, due to ∮ d position place size with being equal, no processing preparation, so, which can be after It is continuous to continue to use used in the preceding kind of transformation two " positioning double end pins ";
4)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L3 and size W3 compares variation, wherein size L3 is axle housing installation The most wide spacing in hole, W3 are that trolley two positions plate spacing;
In the present embodiment, due to having on two pieces " groove backing plates 23 " at it, by its " placement difference ", 40mm is (respectively singly While being 20mm) supplementary processing has " backing plate B groove 23b ", so, it unloads and has used " plane positioning component 10 ", and will wherein "None" " the groove backing plate " of supplementary processing backing plate groove, " the groove backing plate " of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove that changes the outfit, including will wherein Two pieces " positioning plates 27 " change position and be put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, as shown in Figure 17, Figure 18, i.e., from " backing plate A is recessed A position is changed in slot 23a " to be put into " the backing plate B groove 23b " of supplementary processing;
5)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size H and size h1 compares variation, wherein size H is axle housing center line To Chinese lute interplanar distance, h1 is trolley positioning surface to car body upper end interplanar distance;
In the present embodiment, since size H and size h1 and size L3 and size W3 belong to " plane positioning component 10 " Involved in change in size, and due to having " adjusting pad " by its " places difference " 5mm again selection production, so, the step Rapid 5)It can be in company with step 4)Converted together, i.e., " the groove backing plate " for changing supplementary processing backing plate groove simultaneously, change " the plane positioning component " that newly changes, is then installed on the 12a of car body upper surface by " adjusting pad " of selection production again again Middle part;
So far, above-mentioned to need to convert the positioning component transformation implemented needed for another kind face pin axle housing 1 using step, arrive this All terminate.
Finally, illustrating following two points:
1)In the above-described embodiments, when the positioning component " processing is prepared " that another kind face pin axle housing 1 of above-mentioned transformation is related to " transformation uses " after performance, then can continue to fulfil cleaning process above-mentioned at this " washing and cleaning operation scene ", Including:Trolley stepping conveying and the cleaning of axle housing interior and exterior.Here, not repeating.
2)In the above-described embodiments, the positioning component of required implementation " adds when being only to " face pin axle housing 1 " kind transformation Work is prepared " and " transformation uses ", if there is multiple different types of " face pin axle housings formed due to its " location dimension " changes When 1 " kind needs to clean, repeats and implement above-mentioned steps, item needed for it can be completed respectively, including fulfil cleaning above-mentioned The course of work.
In addition, part not in the detailed description of the invention is existing well-known technique.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley, it is characterised in that:The change Application method is changed, means and " sells axle housing in face according to a certain(1)" in kind part " location dimension " completion " cleaning consignment trolley " In the case of related positioning component production, placement implementation cleaning is positioned on " consignment trolley " when needing to convert axle housing kind When, i.e., when being related to axle housing " location dimension " appearance one or more change in size, to meet involved by the demand of kind transformation " the left end pin hole positioning component arrived(9), plane positioning component(10), right end pin hole positioning component(11)" and be completed required After processing is prepared, how to implement it and convert the method used, steps are as follows:
1)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size L1 and size W1 compares variation, wherein size L1 is two location hole of axle housing Spacing, size W1 are two positioning pin spacing of trolley;
By it whether in its existing " left end backing plate with holes(16)With right end backing plate with holes(28)" on, supplementary processing has " positioning peace Put size " variation after pin hole, be divided into following two situation:
1-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, needs to unload and used " left end pin hole positioning component(9), right end pin hole positioning Component(11)", and by " backing plate with holes " of "None" the supplementary processing therein, " pad with holes of " having " the supplementary processing pin hole that changes the outfit Plate ", including by " left end bolt with holes therein(18), right end bolt with holes(30)" change position and be put into supplementary processing is completed Pin hole in, can be completed its positioning component transformation use;
1-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., after selection makes " backing plate with holes " and is newly machined with change in size again Pin hole then needs to unload and has used " left end pin hole positioning component(9), right end pin hole positioning component(11)", and will wherein " backing plate with holes ", " backing plate with holes " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including by " left end bolt with holes therein(18), right end band Hole bolt(30)" be put into fresh processed pin hole, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
2)Be related to size L2 and size W2 compare the positioning component transformation of variation and uses, wherein size L2 be axle housing location hole extremely Centreline space away from, W2 be positioning pin to car body centreline space away from;
By it whether in its existing " left end band pin hole recessed bar(17)With right end band pin hole recessed bar(29)" on, supplementary processing has " fixed Pin hole after position placement size " variation, is divided into following two situation:
2-1)If the pin hole of " having " supplementary processing, need to unload two that have used "None" supplementary processing " band pin hole recessed bars " and its On the part that is related to, change " the band pin hole recessed bar " of " having " supplementary processing pin hole, and by two unloaded " left end positions double Head pin(19), right end position double end pin(31)" change position and be put into the pin hole that supplementary processing is completed, it can be completed The transformation of positioning component uses;
2-2)If the pin hole of "None" supplementary processing, i.e., after selection makes " band pin hole recessed bar " and is newly machined with change in size again Pin hole, then need to unload the part being related to two " with pin hole recessed bars " of "None" supplementary processing and thereon, change again " the band pin hole recessed bar " of selection production, and " the left end positioning double end pin that two have been unloaded(19), right end position double end pin (31)" be put into fresh processed pin hole, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
3)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size ∮ D and size ∮ d compares variation, wherein size ∮ D is axle housing location hole Diameter, ∮ d are positioning pin outer diameter;
In left end band pin hole recessed bar(17)With right end band pin hole recessed bar(29)On, unload " left end positioning before change in size Double end pin(19), right end position double end pin(31)", transformation inserts " the positioning double end pin " of the production of selection again, it can be completed The transformation of positioning component uses;
4)Be related to size L3 and size W3 compare the positioning component transformation of variation and uses, wherein size L3 be axle housing mounting hole most Wide spacing, W3 are that trolley two positions plate spacing;
Whether have two pieces of " groove backing plates at it by it(23)" on, supplementary processing has the backing plate after " size is placed in positioning " variation Groove is divided into following three kinds of situations:
4-1)If the backing plate groove of " having " supplementary processing needs to unload and has used " plane positioning component(10)", and will wherein "None" " the groove backing plate " of supplementary processing backing plate groove, " the groove backing plate " of " having " supplementary processing backing plate groove that changes the outfit, including will wherein Two pieces of " positioning plates(27)" change position and be put into the backing plate groove of supplementary processing, the transformation of its positioning component can be completed It uses;
4-2)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, if on having used " groove backing plate ", though without supplementary processing, " positioning is placed Backing plate groove after size " variation, but in its positioning plate(27)After placement, installation screw is had no effect on(1c)Cleaning using need It asks, does not then have to unload again to have used " plane positioning component(10)", it can continue to continue to use " groove pad used in a certain kind before converting Plate ";
4-3)If the backing plate groove of "None" supplementary processing, and it is not belonging to step 4-2)Situation needs selection again to make " groove pad Plate " and the backing plate groove being newly machined with after " size is placed in positioning " variation, then need to unload and used " plane positioning component(10)", and Will be wherein with two pieces " groove backing plates ", " the groove backing plate " of the selection again that changes the outfit production, including by two pieces of " positioning plates therein (27)" be put into fresh processed backing plate groove, the transformation that its positioning component can be completed uses;
5)It is related to the positioning component transformation use that size H and size h1 compares variation, wherein size H is axle housing center line to plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard Pa interplanar distance, h1 are trolley positioning surface to car body upper end interplanar distance;
" plane positioning component has been used before unloading change in size(10)" in groove backing plate(23), adjusting pad(25), positioning plate (27), " adjusting pad " of the production of selection again is changed, and in company with groove backing plate(23), positioning plate(27)It is co-mounted on car body End face(12a)On middle part, can be completed its positioning component transformation use;
So far, the transformation for needing to implement uses step, all terminates.
2. a kind of transformation user for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that:The transformation of the positioning component uses, and is " to sell axle housing in face according to a certain(1)" part " L1, L2, ∮ D, L3, Five location dimensions of H " are when kind converts, if there are " positioning difference " situations of change in size, i.e., according to location dimension There is the number situation of variation, corresponds and implement, " single " can not only correspond to and implement, it can also " multiple " or " whole " combination pair It should implement.
3. a kind of transformation user for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that:Implementation steps involved in the transformation application method are only " the face pin axle housing for needing to convert (1)" kind and need to implement the positioning component transformation of transformation when positioning and placing in its " cleaning consignment trolley " and use step, if There are multiple variety classes formed due to its " location dimension " changes " to sell axle housing in face(1)" kind part, it repeats and implements Above-mentioned steps, it can be completed, and respectively required transformation uses.
CN201611006052.5A 2016-11-16 2016-11-16 Transformation application method for multi items face finger setting axle housing cleaning consignment trolley CN106624624B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905086A (en) * 1974-01-28 1975-09-16 Willow Hill Ind Inc Method of constructing axle housing assembly
CN202264071U (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-06-06 东风德纳车桥有限公司 Integral machining system for stamped and welded axle housings
CN104476258A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 重庆大江工业有限责任公司 Fixture and method for processing half-shaft casing holes at both ends of rear axle housing in vehicle
CN105396856A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 第一拖拉机股份有限公司 Consigning trolley for stepping type conveying and axle housing part cleaning
CN205324243U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-22 苏州华唐自动化科技有限公司 Axle housing ultrasonic cleaning line

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8776374B2 (en) * 2010-04-30 2014-07-15 Trimtool Ltd. O/A 1823912 Ontario Inc. Method and apparatus for manufacturing an axle for a vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905086A (en) * 1974-01-28 1975-09-16 Willow Hill Ind Inc Method of constructing axle housing assembly
CN202264071U (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-06-06 东风德纳车桥有限公司 Integral machining system for stamped and welded axle housings
CN104476258A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 重庆大江工业有限责任公司 Fixture and method for processing half-shaft casing holes at both ends of rear axle housing in vehicle
CN105396856A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-16 第一拖拉机股份有限公司 Consigning trolley for stepping type conveying and axle housing part cleaning
CN205324243U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-22 苏州华唐自动化科技有限公司 Axle housing ultrasonic cleaning line

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