CN106624059B - A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106624059B
CN106624059B CN201710036491.9A CN201710036491A CN106624059B CN 106624059 B CN106624059 B CN 106624059B CN 201710036491 A CN201710036491 A CN 201710036491A CN 106624059 B CN106624059 B CN 106624059B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
synchronous pulley
drill chuck
drill
connecting rod
spring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201710036491.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106624059A (en
Inventor
杨增产
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xi'an Green Port Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
New Green Port Drive Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by New Green Port Drive Technology Co Ltd filed Critical New Green Port Drive Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710036491.9A priority Critical patent/CN106624059B/en
Publication of CN106624059A publication Critical patent/CN106624059A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106624059B publication Critical patent/CN106624059B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B47/00Constructional features of components specially designed for boring or drilling machines; Accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • B23Q5/10Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles driven essentially by electrical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/28Electric drives

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine devices, including perforating head, perforating head are driven rotate the rotating mechanism of punching, realize the disassembly mechanism of drill bit automatic dismantling on perforating head and realize the installing mechanism that drill bit is installed automatically on perforating head;First servo motor drives the first, second synchronous pulley when work, by synchronous belt pulley transmission ball-screw is rotated, and driving drill bit realizes longitudinal back and forth movement;Second servo motor drives third, the 4th synchronous pulley, drives drill bit to rotate movement by synchronous belt pulley transmission, to realize punching;By cylinder moving, simple, fast and accurate automatic more bit change after punching is realized;Present apparatus volume is moderate, and assembly is simple, and assembly performance is good, and driving torque is big;It is suitble to process common cardboard, plastics, steel plate and workpiece etc. have wide range of applications, and can improve cutter well using the time, and improve the quality of production and efficiency.

Description

A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device
Technical field
The present invention relates to automation drilling equipment, in particular to a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine devices.
Background technique
Up to the present, automatic drilling machine is mostly retained a percentage of the total profits for the enterprise's own use in semi-automatic level, and more bit change function lacks and not automatically It is perfect, it is mainly used for the drilling of single small part, is usually changed without drill bit, until bit wear is serious, end-of-life, or By closed-down manual more bit change, this method has certain risk, wastes time simultaneously, reduces production efficiency.
Also there are the puncher of automatic more bit change, but this kind of drill bit punching machine device in existing drill bit punching machine device There are the following problems:
1, need after drilling through worker's more bit change, can not more bit change automatically, be not carried out full-automation, aggravate The abrasion of drill bit and the service life for reducing drill bit, while also greatly wasting human resources;
2, it feeds, the precision of drilling is lower, can not carry out Precision Machining;
3, can more bit change automatically, but automatic more drill-bit changing device volume is big, and structure is complicated, assembly difficulty, cost compared with It is high;
4, it is not carried out electronic full-automaticization accurately to control, rapidoprint narrow scope.
Summary of the invention
Simple, easy to assembly, at low cost, long service life that the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of structures, Operating accuracy is high, can be realized the full-automatic bit change punching machine device of full-automatic work.
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device carries out the whirler of rotation punching including perforating head, drive perforating head Structure realizes the disassembly mechanism of drill bit automatic dismantling on perforating head and realizes the installing mechanism that drill bit is installed automatically on perforating head;
The disassembly mechanism includes first servo motor, the first synchronous pulley, the second synchronous pulley, ball-screw, intersection Roller guide rail and sliding block;
First servo motor is connect with the first synchronous pulley, and first servo motor is for driving the work of the first synchronous pulley;
First synchronous pulley is connect by belt with the second synchronous pulley, and the first synchronous pulley is for driving the second synchronous belt Take turns work;
Second synchronous pulley is connect with ball-screw, and the second synchronous pulley is for driving ball-screw to work;
Sliding block is mounted on crossed roller guide rail, and ball-screw band movable slider is transported up and down on crossed roller guide rail It is dynamic, complete the up and down motion of drill bit when punching;
The perforating head includes drill headstock, cutter connecting rod, drill chuck sleeve, spring drill chuck and drill bit, drill headstock It is mounted on sliding block and moves up and down with sliding block, drill chuck sleeve is rotatably mounted in drill headstock, and the fixation of spring drill chuck is set It sets in drill chuck sleeve, lower end and the spring drill chuck upper end of cutter connecting rod are detachably connected, and drill bit is removably installed In the bottom of spring drill chuck;
The rotating mechanism includes the second servo motor, third synchronous pulley and the 4th synchronous pulley;
Second servo motor is connect with third synchronous pulley, and the second servo motor is for driving third synchronous pulley to work;
Third synchronous pulley is connect by belt with the 4th synchronous pulley, and third synchronous pulley is for driving the 4th synchronous belt Take turns work;
4th synchronous pulley and drill chuck sleeve connection, the 4th synchronous pulley are used to that drill chuck sleeve to be driven to rotate, thus Realize bit;
The installing mechanism includes cylinder, lever and levers support plate, and lever includes lever left end and lever right end, thick stick The connection of the piston of bar right end and cylinder, levers support plate are vertically arranged between lever left end and lever right end, lever left end position Top at the top of cutter connecting rod, when cylinder piston drives lever right end to be lifted up, lever left end and cutter connecting rod Top contact, and apply pressure.
In one embodiment of the invention, disassembly mechanism further includes the total loading board of first motor mounting plate and top, and first Servo motor is assemblied in the total loading board in top by first motor mounting plate, and first motor mounting plate is movably disposed at top In total loading board, the first synchronous pulley, the second synchronous pulley are arranged in the total loading board in top, pass through a left side for first motor mounting plate Move right the centers of adjustable two synchronous pulleys away from.
In one embodiment of the invention, disassembly mechanism further includes mounting bedplate and slider bottom plate, is set on mounting bedplate There is leading screw bearing, ball-screw is fixed by leading screw bearing;Sliding block is equipped with lead screw assembly, and ball-screw passes through lead screw group Part drives sliding block mobile, and crossed roller guide rail is arranged on slider bottom plate.
In one embodiment of the invention, the upper and lower ends of drill chuck sleeve be respectively equipped with top angular contact ball bearing and Lower part angular contact ball bearing, drill chuck sleeve can rotate in two angular contact ball bearings, and top angular contact ball bearing outer ring is set There is upper bearing end cap, lower part angular contact ball bearing outer ring is equipped with lower bearing end cap, and the upper end of drill chuck sleeve is arranged a spiral shell Mother, nut is for compressing top angular contact ball bearing inner ring.
In one embodiment of the invention, the top and bottom of cutter connecting rod are external thread structure, cutter connection The lower thread of bar is arranged inside spring drill chuck upper end, and the lower end of cutter connecting rod, which is located on the outside of spring drill chuck, to be arranged One carries out nut that is locking and adjusting cutter connecting rod length;The upper end of cutter connecting rod is located at the lateral surface in drill chuck sleeve On be arranged with disc spring, the upper end of cutter connecting rod, which is located on the outside of drill chuck sleeve, is arranged the locking double nut of a carry out;Drill point The inner wall of head upper cartridge is equipped with an annular baffle, and cutter connecting rod may pass through annular baffle, and double spiral shells are withstood on the top of disc spring Annular baffle is withstood in female bottom, the lower part of disc spring, and plain washer is equipped between disc spring and the bottom of double nut.
In one embodiment of the invention, the bottom of spring drill chuck is three valve type tapered ends, the bottom of drill chuck sleeve On the inside of portion for the three matched conical cavities in valve type tapered end, when installation, three valve type tapered ends are fastened in conical cavity, spring drill point Under the effect of external force to when stretching out on the outside of drill chuck sleeve, three valve type tapered ends are squeezed power opening head.
In one embodiment of the invention, the rotating mechanism further includes a speed reducer and the second motor mounting plate, is subtracted Fast machine is mounted on the second motor mounting plate, and speed reducer is connect with the second servo motor, and the reduction ratio of speed reducer is 10:1.
In one embodiment of the invention, the first synchronous pulley, the second synchronous pulley, third synchronous pulley and the 4th Synchronous pulley is no key synchronous pulley, and the transmission ratio between first synchronous pulley and the second synchronous pulley is 1:1, third The transmission ratio of synchronous pulley and the 4th synchronous pulley is 1.5:1.
In one embodiment of the invention, installing mechanism further includes lever cylinder connecting rod, and lever right end passes through lever The connection of the piston of cylinder connecting rod and cylinder.
In one embodiment of the invention, the inside of three valve type tapered ends is equipped with a drill bit mounting hole, drill bit installation Hole extends to inside spring drill chuck, and the three parts of three valve type tapered ends are along the circumferential direction at 120 ° of equal distributions, three valves In reset condition, the drill bit in three valve type tapered ends installs bore dia and inside spring drill chuck for type tapered end It is identical that drill bit installs bore dia.
Through the above technical solutions, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the first, second synchronous pulley is driven by first servo motor, ball-screw is made by synchronous belt pulley transmission Rotation, driving drill bit realize longitudinal back and forth movement;
2, third, the 4th synchronous pulley are driven by the second servo motor, drill bit is driven by synchronous belt pulley transmission Rotary motion, to realize punching;
3, by cylinder moving, simple, fast and accurate automatic more bit change after punching is realized;
4, by with three valve type tapered ends spring drill chuck and drill chuck sleeve circular conical surface cooperation, self-centering, The precision of bit change is substantially increased, to realize full-automatic punching, greatly extends the service life of drill bit, production is improved and adds The efficiency in working hour, has liberated labour;
5, it is driven by using servo motor, when realizing when processing different materials with same material difference process, into To speed, the electronization of rotation speed is accurate to adjust control, and the material for allowing to process is more extensive, such as steel plate, aluminum component, Plastics etc.;
6, by using synchronous pulley, ball-screw, crossed roller guide rail transmission greatly improves positioning and drilling Precision.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the full-automatic bit change puncher general assembly drawing main view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the full-automatic bit change puncher general assembly drawing left view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is perforating head subssembly drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of A-A in Fig. 3 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is spring drill chuck cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is three valve type tapered end top views of the invention;
Number and corresponding component title represented by letter in figure:
10, first motor mounting plate 20, the total loading board 30 in top, mounting bedplate 31, leading screw bearing 40, slider bottom plate 50, One servo motor 60, the first synchronous pulley 70, the second synchronous pulley 80, ball-screw 90, crossed roller guide rail 100, sliding block 110, drill headstock 120, cutter connecting rod 121, nut 122, disc spring 123, double nut 124, plain washer 130, drill chuck sleeve 131, top angular contact ball bearing 132, lower part angular contact ball bearing 133, upper bearing end cap 134, lower bearing end cap 135, Nut 136, spring drill chuck 141, internal thread hole 142, three valve type tapered ends 143, drill bit mounting hole 150, bores conical cavity 140 First 160, speed reducer 170, the second motor mounting plate 180, the second servo motor 190, third synchronous pulley 200, the 4th synchronous belt Take turns 210, cylinder 220, lever 221, lever left end 222, lever right end 230, lever cylinder connecting rod 240, levers support plate 250, close to switch 260, sensor mounting plate 270, detection screw.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.
The invention discloses a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine devices, including perforating head, drive perforating head to be rotated The rotating mechanism of punching realizes the disassembly mechanism of drill bit automatic dismantling on perforating head and realizes that drill bit is installed automatically on perforating head Installing mechanism.
Shown in Figure 1, disassembly mechanism includes first motor mounting plate 10, the total loading board 20 in top, mounting bedplate 30, sliding block Bottom plate 40, first servo motor 50, the first synchronous pulley 60, the second synchronous pulley 70, ball-screw 80, crossed roller guide rail 90 And sliding block 100;Slider bottom plate 40 is mounted on mounting bedplate 30, and mounting bedplate 30 is connected by the total loading board 20 of screw and top It connects, in order to improve integral strength, the rigidity, stability of the present apparatus, the total loading board in top and mounting bedplate all pass through spiral shell with big floor Silk links together, so that each section fixed plate becomes an entirety.
Shown in Figure 1, first servo motor 50 is assemblied in the total loading board 20 in top by first motor mounting plate 10, the One motor mounting plate 10 is movably disposed in the total loading board 20 in top, and the first synchronous pulley 60, the second synchronous pulley 70 are all provided with It sets in the total loading board 20 in top, passes through the center for moving left and right adjustable two synchronous pulleys of first motor mounting plate 10 Away from the transmission ratio between the first synchronous pulley 60 and the second synchronous pulley 70 is 1:1.
Shown in Figure 1, mounting bedplate 30 is equipped with leading screw bearing 31, and ball-screw 80 is consolidated by leading screw bearing 31 It is fixed;Sliding block 100 is equipped with lead screw assembly (being not drawn into figure), and ball-screw 80 drives sliding block 100 mobile by lead screw assembly, hands over Roller guide rail 90 is pitched to be arranged on slider bottom plate 40;First servo motor 50 is connect with the first synchronous pulley 60, the first servo electricity Machine 50 is for driving the work of the first synchronous pulley 60;First synchronous pulley 60 is connect by belt with the second synchronous pulley 70, the One synchronous pulley 60 is for driving the work of the second synchronous pulley 70;Second synchronous pulley 70 is connect with ball-screw 80, and second is same Step belt wheel 70 is for driving ball-screw 80 to work;Sliding block 100 is mounted on crossed roller guide rail 90, and ball-screw 80 passes through silk Thick stick component band movable slider 100 is done on crossed roller guide rail 90 to be moved up and down, completes the up and down motion of drill bit when punching.
Participate in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 shown in, perforating head include drill headstock 110, cutter connecting rod 120, drill chuck sleeve 130, Spring drill chuck 140 and drill bit 150, drill headstock 110 is mounted on sliding block 100 to move up and down with sliding block 100, drill chuck sleeve 130 are rotatably mounted in drill headstock 110, and spring drill chuck 140 is fixed in drill chuck sleeve 130, cutter connection The lower end of bar 120 is detachably connected with 140 upper end of spring drill chuck, and drill bit 150 is detachably arranged in spring drill chuck 140 Bottom.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, the upper and lower ends of drill chuck sleeve 130 are respectively equipped with 131 He of top angular contact ball bearing Lower part angular contact ball bearing 132, drill chuck sleeve 130 and top angular contact ball bearing 131 and lower part angular contact ball bearing 132 it Between for interference fit, drill chuck sleeve 130 can rotate in two angular contact ball bearings, top angular contact ball bearing 131 it is outer Circle is fixed by the way that upper bearing end cap 133 is arranged, and the outer ring of lower part angular contact ball bearing 132 passes through setting lower bearing end Lid 134 is fixed;The upper end of drill chuck sleeve 130 is arranged a nut 135, and nut 135 is by compressing top angular contact ball axis 130 upper position of inner ring fixed brill chuck sleeve is held, to make drill chuck sleeve 130, spring drill chuck 140 and drill bit 150 not It shakes.
Shown in Figure 4, the top and bottom of cutter connecting rod 120 are external thread structure, 140 upper end of spring drill chuck Inside is equipped with the internal thread hole 141 of the lower end installation for cutter connecting rod 120, and the lower thread setting of cutter connecting rod 120 exists Internal thread hole 141 inside 140 upper end of spring drill chuck;The lower end of cutter connecting rod 120 is located at the outside of spring drill chuck 140 It is arranged the locking nut 121 with adjusting cutter connecting rod length of a carry out;The upper end of cutter connecting rod 120 is located at drill chuck sleeve It is arranged with disc spring 122 on interior lateral surface, the upper end of cutter connecting rod 120, which is located at, to be arranged one on the outside of drill chuck sleeve and prevented The double nut 123 of pine;The inner wall on 130 top of drill chuck sleeve is equipped with an annular baffle (being not drawn into figure), cutter connecting rod 120 pass through annular baffle, and can move up and down;Withstand the bottom of double nut 123, the lower part top of disc spring 122 in the top of disc spring 122 Firmly annular baffle, when 122 stress of disc spring, can only be compressed in the region between double nut 123 and annular baffle, double nut 123 There is position-limiting action with annular baffle;Plain washer 124 is equipped between disc spring 122 and the bottom of double nut 123, plain washer 124 is used In preventing contact wear between disc spring 122 and double nut 123, the service life of disc spring and double nut is improved.
Referring to fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the bottom of spring drill chuck 140 is three valve type tapered ends 142, drill chuck sleeve 130 bottom inside be with the matched conical cavity 136 in three valve type tapered end 142, when installation, three valve type tapered ends 142 are fastened on In conical cavity 136, spring drill chuck 140 is under the effect of external force to when stretching out on the outside of drill chuck sleeve 130, three valve type tapered ends 142 be squeezed power opening.
Shown in referring to figs. 5 and 6, the inside of three valve type tapered ends 142 is equipped with a drill bit mounting hole 143, drill bit installation Hole 143 extends to inside spring drill chuck, and drill bit mounting hole 143 is used to install drill bit 150, three valve type tapered ends 142 Three parts are along the circumferential direction at 120 ° of equal distributions;Three valve type tapered ends 142 are located in three valve type tapered ends in reset condition Drill bit installation bore dia and inside spring drill chuck drill bit installation bore dia it is identical, for drill bit installation bore dia and Length is not added herein and repeats, and can be decided according to the actual requirements.
When applying quantitative torque to double nut 123, disc spring 122 generates deformation, to generate a quantitative preload Power, this pretightning force compress spring drill chuck 140, clamp drill bit 150, and in spring drill chuck 140 and drill chuck sleeve Sufficiently large pressure is generated between 130 liang of conical surfaces, so that drill bit 150 and spring drill chuck 140 are by big in boring procedure When torque acts on, skidding will not be generated.
It is shown in Figure 1, rotating mechanism include speed reducer 160, the second motor mounting plate 170, the second servo motor 180, Third synchronous pulley 190 and the 4th synchronous pulley 200;Speed reducer 160 is mounted on the second motor mounting plate 170, speed reducer 160 connect with the second servo motor 180, and the reduction ratio of speed reducer 160 is 10:1, and speed reducer 160 can be in the second servo motor It is used when 180 operation torque deficiency, speed reducer can be set according to actual needs or be not provided with.
Second servo motor 180 is connect with third synchronous pulley 190, and the second servo motor 180 is for driving third synchronous Belt wheel 190 works;Third synchronous pulley 190 is connect by belt with the 4th synchronous pulley 200, and third synchronous pulley 190 is used for The 4th synchronous pulley 200 is driven to work;4th synchronous pulley 200 is connect with drill chuck sleeve 130, and the 4th synchronous pulley 200 is used In driving drill chuck sleeve 130 to rotate, to realize that drill bit 150 rotates;Third synchronous pulley 190 and the 4th synchronous pulley 200 Transmission ratio be 1.5:1, by reduce revolving speed method, again improve drill bit punching when torque so that drilling when The torque that drill bit can transmit reaches 20Nm.
Referring to figure 1 and figure 2, installing mechanism includes cylinder 210, lever 220, lever cylinder connecting rod 230 and thick stick Bar support plate 240, cylinder 210 are the thin cylinder of cylinder diameter 32mm, and lever 220 includes lever left end 221 and lever right end 222, Lever right end 222 is connect by lever cylinder connecting rod 230 with the piston of cylinder 210, and one end of levers support plate 240 is pacified vertically Between lever left end 221 and lever right end 222, the other end of levers support plate 240 is mounted on the second motor mounting plate 170 On, lever left end 221 is located at the top at 120 top of cutter connecting rod, when 210 piston driving lever right end 222 of cylinder mentions upwards When rising, contacted at the top of lever left end 221 and cutter connecting rod 120, and apply downward pressure to cutter connecting rod 120.
The first synchronous pulley 60, the second synchronous pulley 70, third synchronous pulley 190 and the 4th synchronous belt in the present invention Wheel 200 is no key synchronous pulley.
The drill bit specification exchanged in the present invention is diameter 7mm.Length 109mm, material are high-speed steel T8.
Working principle of the present invention is as follows:
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, during the first step extrudes drill bit, cylinder operation, when the piston of cylinder 210 is stretched When out, drives lever cylinder connection piece 230 to move upwards, by lever cylinder connection piece 230 lever right end 222 is lifted, Lever 220 is supported by levers support plate 240, so that lever left end 221 be made to decline, lever left end 221 is to cutter connecting rod 120 Top applies downward pressure, so that cutter connecting rod 120 declines, the decline of cutter connecting rod 120 makes double nut 123 and puts down Washer 124 compresses disc spring 122, and spring drill chuck 140 declines with cutter connecting rod 120, and moves downward 3-4mm, at this point, three valves Type tapered end 142 is opened, and internal diameter opens 8mm from 7mm, and drill bit 150 loses chucking power, falls into and specially put in the drill bit frame of drill bit.
In second step automatic clamping drill bit and during reply origin-location, when the present apparatus is moved to the drill bit to be clamped Surface when, first servo motor 50 work, the first synchronous pulley 60, the second synchronous pulley 70 drive 80 work of ball-screw Make, ball-screw 80 moves up and down on crossed roller guide rail 90 with movable slider 100, and sliding block 100 drives and moves down on drill headstock 110 Dynamic, drill chuck sleeve 130 is mobile with drill headstock 110, the adjusting of 140 upper-lower height of spring drill chuck is realized, so that it is determined that drill bit 150 by the length of 140 clamping parts of spring drill chuck;In order to which during clamping drill bit, drill bit is preferably felt relieved and is clamped, Drill bit frame opening uses chamfer design;When ball-screw 80 declines a certain distance, drill bit 150 submerges bullet by folder portion point completely When in the drill bit mounting hole 143 of spring drill chuck 140,210 piston retraction of cylinder, 230 pull lever right end of lever cylinder connection piece 222 declines, lever left end 221 rise, and cutter connecting rod 120 rises under the action of deforming 122 elastic force of disc spring, are returned to preload State pulls spring drill chuck 140 to rise simultaneously, and three valve type tapered ends 142 of 140 bottom of spring drill chuck generate deformation (tightening), pretightning force make three valve type tapered ends 142 clamp drill bit 150, the conical surface of drill chuck sleeve 130 and three valve type tapered ends Sufficiently large pressure is generated between 142 conical surface, will not slide in boring procedure or drill bit is fallen, above two step Realize the function that the present apparatus exchanges drill bit for automatically.
Safety when in order to improve reliability and drilling, the present invention are additionally provided with 3 close to 250,3, switch close switches 250 are mounted on sensor mounting plate 260, define the upper and lower position of sliding block sliding close to switch 250 and for detecting cunning The initial position of block, the position for approaching switch can carry out upper and lower and initial position adjusting according to different processing requests;Separately Outside, the present invention is additionally provided with one for detecting the detection screw 270 when sliding block slides into slide block guide rail lowest part extreme position.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device, including perforating head, drive perforating head carry out rotation punching rotating mechanism, It realizes the disassembly mechanism of drill bit automatic dismantling on perforating head and realizes the installing mechanism that drill bit is installed automatically on perforating head;It is special Sign is:
The disassembly mechanism includes first servo motor, the first synchronous pulley, the second synchronous pulley, ball-screw, crossed roller Guide rail and sliding block;
First servo motor is connect with the first synchronous pulley, and first servo motor is for driving the work of the first synchronous pulley;
First synchronous pulley is connect by belt with the second synchronous pulley, and the first synchronous pulley is for driving the second synchronous pulley work Make;
Second synchronous pulley is connect with ball-screw, and the second synchronous pulley is for driving ball-screw to work;
Sliding block is mounted on crossed roller guide rail, and ball-screw band movable slider moves up and down on crossed roller guide rail, complete At the up and down motion of drill bit when punching;
The perforating head includes drill headstock, cutter connecting rod, drill chuck sleeve, spring drill chuck and drill bit, drill headstock installation It moves up and down on sliding block with sliding block, drill chuck sleeve is rotatably mounted in drill headstock, and spring drill chuck is fixed at In drill chuck sleeve, lower end and the spring drill chuck upper end of cutter connecting rod are detachably connected, and drill bit is detachably arranged in bullet The bottom of spring drill chuck;
The rotating mechanism includes the second servo motor, third synchronous pulley and the 4th synchronous pulley;
Second servo motor is connect with third synchronous pulley, and the second servo motor is for driving third synchronous pulley to work;
Third synchronous pulley is connect by belt with the 4th synchronous pulley, and third synchronous pulley is for driving the 4th synchronous pulley work Make;
4th synchronous pulley and drill chuck sleeve connection, the 4th synchronous pulley is for driving drill chuck sleeve to rotate, to realize Bit;
The installing mechanism includes cylinder, lever and levers support plate, and lever includes lever left end and lever right end, and lever is right End is connect with the piston of cylinder, and levers support plate is vertically arranged between lever left end and lever right end, and lever left end is located at knife Has the top at the top of connecting rod, when cylinder piston drives lever right end to be lifted up, at the top of lever left end and cutter connecting rod Contact, and apply pressure;
The top and bottom of cutter connecting rod are external thread structure, and the lower thread of cutter connecting rod is arranged in spring drill chuck Inside upper end, the lower end of cutter connecting rod be located on the outside of spring drill chuck be arranged a carry out it is locking and adjust cutter connecting rod it is long The nut of degree;Be arranged with disc spring on the lateral surface that the upper end of cutter connecting rod is located in drill chuck sleeve, cutter connecting rod it is upper End, which is located on the outside of drill chuck sleeve, is arranged the locking double nut of a carry out;The inner wall of drill chuck upper cartridge is equipped with an annular Baffle, cutter connecting rod may pass through annular baffle, and the bottom of double nut is withstood on the top of disc spring, and annular gear is withstood in the lower part of disc spring Plain washer is equipped between the bottom of piece, disc spring and double nut;
The bottom of spring drill chuck is three valve type tapered ends, and the bottom inside of drill chuck sleeve is matched with three valve type tapered ends Conical cavity, when installation, three valve type tapered ends are fastened in conical cavity, and spring drill chuck is under the effect of external force to drill chuck sleeve Outside stretch out when, three valve type tapered ends be squeezed power opening;
The inside of three valve type tapered ends is equipped with a drill bit mounting hole, and drill bit mounting hole extends to inside spring drill chuck, The three parts of three valve type tapered ends are along the circumferential direction at 120 ° of equal distributions;Three valve type tapered ends are located at three in reset condition Drill bit installation bore dia in valve type tapered end is identical with the drill bit installation bore dia inside spring drill chuck.
2. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that disassembly mechanism further includes The total loading board of first motor mounting plate and top, first servo motor are assemblied in the total loading board in top by first motor mounting plate, First motor mounting plate is movably disposed in the total loading board in top, and the first synchronous pulley, the second synchronous pulley are arranged at In the total loading board in portion, by the center for moving left and right adjustable two synchronous pulleys of first motor mounting plate away from.
3. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that disassembly mechanism further includes Mounting bedplate and slider bottom plate, mounting bedplate are equipped with leading screw bearing, and ball-screw is fixed by leading screw bearing;On sliding block Equipped with lead screw assembly, ball-screw drives sliding block mobile by lead screw assembly, and crossed roller guide rail is arranged on slider bottom plate.
4. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that drill chuck sleeve it is upper Lower both ends are respectively equipped with top angular contact ball bearing and lower part angular contact ball bearing, and drill chuck sleeve can be in two angular contact ball axis Interior rotation is held, top angular contact ball bearing outer ring is equipped with upper bearing end cap, and lower part angular contact ball bearing outer ring is equipped with lower part axis Socket end lid, the upper end of drill chuck sleeve are arranged a nut, and nut is for compressing top angular contact ball bearing inner ring.
5. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotating mechanism is also Including a speed reducer and the second motor mounting plate, speed reducer is mounted on the second motor mounting plate, speed reducer and the second servo electricity Machine connection, the reduction ratio of speed reducer are 10:1.
6. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first synchronous pulley, Second synchronous pulley, third synchronous pulley and the 4th synchronous pulley are no key synchronous pulley, first synchronous pulley and Transmission ratio between second synchronous pulley is 1:1, and the transmission ratio of third synchronous pulley and the 4th synchronous pulley is 1.5:1.
7. a kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that installing mechanism further includes Lever cylinder connecting rod, lever right end are connected by the piston of lever cylinder connecting rod and cylinder.
CN201710036491.9A 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device Active CN106624059B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710036491.9A CN106624059B (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710036491.9A CN106624059B (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106624059A CN106624059A (en) 2017-05-10
CN106624059B true CN106624059B (en) 2019-05-07

Family

ID=58840747

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710036491.9A Active CN106624059B (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106624059B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108977590B (en) * 2017-05-31 2021-06-22 大族激光科技产业集团股份有限公司 Punching equipment
CN107322042A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-07 合肥通祥智能信息科技有限公司 Pipe fitting drilling device is used in a kind of plant equipment manufacture

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1205929A (en) * 1997-07-23 1999-01-27 兄弟工业株式会社 Tool clamp mechanism
US5947878A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-09-07 National Science Council Tool exchange device for machining centers
CN201020630Y (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-02-13 南通西马特机器制造有限公司 Numerical control machine tool assembling and disassembling structure
CN203390621U (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-01-15 财团法人工业技术研究院 Cutter-replacing device
CN203875384U (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-10-15 无锡华联精工机械有限公司 Drilling head mechanism of large-sized three-dimensional drilling machine
CN204868281U (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-16 浙江亿洋工具制造有限公司 Machining center lever reinforcement device of forging a knife
CN105798679A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-27 扬州欧普兄弟机械工具有限公司 Pneumatic tool changer of small milling and drilling machine
CN206392896U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-11 西咸新区绿港驱动技术有限公司 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0475840A (en) * 1990-07-14 1992-03-10 Inoue Kosoku Kikai:Kk Tool exchanging device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1205929A (en) * 1997-07-23 1999-01-27 兄弟工业株式会社 Tool clamp mechanism
US5947878A (en) * 1997-08-04 1999-09-07 National Science Council Tool exchange device for machining centers
CN201020630Y (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-02-13 南通西马特机器制造有限公司 Numerical control machine tool assembling and disassembling structure
CN203390621U (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-01-15 财团法人工业技术研究院 Cutter-replacing device
CN203875384U (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-10-15 无锡华联精工机械有限公司 Drilling head mechanism of large-sized three-dimensional drilling machine
CN204868281U (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-16 浙江亿洋工具制造有限公司 Machining center lever reinforcement device of forging a knife
CN105798679A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-27 扬州欧普兄弟机械工具有限公司 Pneumatic tool changer of small milling and drilling machine
CN206392896U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-11 西咸新区绿港驱动技术有限公司 A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106624059A (en) 2017-05-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN206392896U (en) A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device
CN106624059B (en) A kind of full-automatic bit change punching machine device
CN103801727B (en) Drilling equipment for bearing
CN102765002A (en) Automatic centering fixture for workpiece with revolution boss and/or hole
CN211135145U (en) Punching device for automatic machining of textile crankshafts
CN110405281B (en) A reaming processingequipment for in deep hole
CN103192112A (en) Tooling for processing multiple holes in workpiece circumference
CN111203566B (en) Machine part spiral perforating device
CN201231407Y (en) Ram structure
CN107030484A (en) One kind carries out multistation drilling or tapping device
CN105965081A (en) Thin-wall pipe cutting device
CN107486740B (en) A kind of bump joint processing dedicated positioning device
CN2673595Y (en) Power perforating machine
CN206122757U (en) Boring automation of sheet metal compresses tightly set composite with many specifications guide die
CN209050137U (en) A kind of drilling machine with double drill bits
CN112605732A (en) Ultra-precise inner and outer circle composite grinding machine with combined static pressure tailstock
CN111842959A (en) Automatic change accurate system hole equipment
CN208450985U (en) A kind of dedicated tube press machine of stage pipe fitting
CN107900189B (en) A kind of punching and cut edge method of cone barrel workpiece
CN111203567A (en) Spiral drilling device for shaft parts
CN201900289U (en) Vertical type drilling machine
CN207534432U (en) A kind of product pressing device of turning attachment
CN211662368U (en) Plate-shaped workpiece drilling machine
CN207534433U (en) A kind of product orientation device of turning attachment
CN214134057U (en) Bench drilling machine is used in integral key shaft production convenient to change drill bit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190515

Address after: 710075 Fourth Floor of Hongyuan Building, 66 Science and Technology Second Road, Xi'an High-tech Zone, Shaanxi Province

Patentee after: Xi'an Green Port Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 710000 Airport Business Center, Xixian New District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province

Patentee before: New green port Drive Technology Co., Ltd.