CN106623895A - Decorating material and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

Decorating material and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106623895A
CN106623895A CN201611100944.1A CN201611100944A CN106623895A CN 106623895 A CN106623895 A CN 106623895A CN 201611100944 A CN201611100944 A CN 201611100944A CN 106623895 A CN106623895 A CN 106623895A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
nickel
plasticizer
mercury
barium
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611100944.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾凡跃
戚玉如
Original Assignee
钦州市钦南区生产力促进中心
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 钦州市钦南区生产力促进中心 filed Critical 钦州市钦南区生产力促进中心
Priority to CN201611100944.1A priority Critical patent/CN106623895A/en
Publication of CN106623895A publication Critical patent/CN106623895A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F1/00Special treatment of metallic powder, e.g. to facilitate working, to improve properties; Metallic powders per se, e.g. mixtures of particles of different composition
    • B22F1/0003Metallic powders per se; Mixtures of metallic powders; Metallic powders mixed with a lubricating or binding agent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F3/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces
    • B22F3/12Both compacting and sintering
    • B22F3/16Both compacting and sintering in successive or repeated steps

Abstract

The invention discloses a decorating material and a preparing method thereof. The decorating material consists of the following formula components in parts by mass: 13-15 parts of silicon dioxide, 1-2 parts of nickel, 0.1-0.3 part of a plasticizer, 6-10 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.1-0.3 part of mercury, 10-30 parts of ceramic particles, 3-5 parts of carbide, 3-7 parts of nickel oxide, 2-4 parts of magnesium, 1-3 parts of an organic silicone water repellent, 6-10 parts of barium, 2-4 parts of ink and 1-2 parts of a flatting agent. By adopting a reasonable formula, the performance indexes, such as rupture modulus, compression strength after drying and Moh's hardness, of the decorating material are better than those of granite and marble due to compact texture.

Description

A kind of ornament materials and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to decoration material field, in particular to a kind of ornament materials and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
At present building decorative plates popular on domestic and international market mainly have granite, marble, ceramics, there is hole crystallite glass Glass, aluminium-plastic panel, artificial marble etc..Granite entire body has pore, there is crackle, and easy soil pick-up is not easy to clean, and case hardness is uneven Even, easy to wear, lustrous surface is not lasting, and easy-weathering goes bad, and aberration is big, and majority has higher radioactivity, the harm to human body Greatly, meeting heavy damage ecological environment and is exploited in a large number, soil erosion is caused, and endangers nature;Marble is loosely organized, low intensity, There are crackle and an a large amount of pores, easy soil pick-up, not easy to clean, case hardness is low, easy to wear, is unsuitable for floor file, is adapted only to decorated wall surface, Acid-proof alkaline is poor, and back side patch resin and silk screen are generally required during Marble processing, and front resin replenishes hole, hole, and polishing makes Rear fugitive color is used, gloss duration can be poor, a large amount of exploitation harm natures;Architectural pottery is divided into the glazed tile and entire body one for having glaze The polishing vitrified tile of cause.
Glazed tile is made up of two layers of base substrate and glaze, when coefficient of expansion difference is big, is easily cracked, and glaze is peeled off, glaze layer General relatively thin, hardness is low, so anti-wear performance is poor, is only suitable for decorated wall surface, and its specification is little, and there is pin hole on surface.Polishing vitrified tile There are many pores surface and side, easily inhale dirty, and stain resistance is poor, domestic at present almost really to support without one piece of polishing vitrified tile The pollution of tea making water or ink, the polishing vitrified tile of big specification typically all has evil mind or interlayer defect;There is hole devitrified glass to make For a kind of finishing material for just rising in recent years, its fatal shortcoming is exactly that pore is more, yielding, impurity blurring, and surface has Graininess, easy soil pick-up can not renovate process, have a strong impact on its purposes;Aluminium-plastic panel is that aluminium sheet and plastics are composited, and surface is plated again Or last layer decorative fabric is sprayed, its weather resistance is poor, yielding colour fading;Artificial marble is agitated by resin and filler, is mixed Close, low temperature drying is composited, color and luster enriches, but case hardness is poor, easy to wear, deform and fade.
The content of the invention
The invention provides a kind of ornament materials and preparation method thereof, the present invention is filled a prescription using rational, because of quality densification, The performance indications such as compressive strength, Mohs' hardness are better than granite, marble after the modulus of rupture, the drying of the ornament materials.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of ornament materials and preparation method thereof, is made up of following mass fraction formula components:Silica 1 3-15 parts, Nickel 1-2 parts, plasticizer 0.1-0.3 parts, aluminum oxide 6-10 parts, mercury 0.1-0.3 parts, ceramic particle 10-30 parts, carbide 3-5 parts, Nickel oxide 3-7 parts, magnesium 2-4 parts, organosilicon moisture repellent 1-3 parts, barium 6-10 parts, ink 2-4 parts, levelling agent 1-2 parts.
Further:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:3 parts of silica 1,1 part of nickel, 0.1 part of plasticizer, oxidation 6 parts of aluminium, 0.1 part of mercury, 10 parts of ceramic particle, 3 parts of carbide, 3 parts of nickel oxide, 2 parts of magnesium, 1 part of organosilicon moisture repellent, 6 parts of barium, oil Black 2 parts, 1 part of levelling agent.
Further:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:4 parts of silica 1,1.5 parts of nickel, 0.2 part of plasticizer, oxygen Change 8 parts of aluminium, 0.2 part of mercury, 20 parts of ceramic particle, 4 parts of carbide, 5 parts of nickel oxide, 3 parts of magnesium, 2 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 8 parts of barium, 3 parts of ink, 1.5 parts of levelling agent.
Further:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:5 parts of silica 1,2 parts of nickel, 0.3 part of plasticizer, oxidation 10 parts of aluminium, 0.3 part of mercury, 30 parts of ceramic particle, 5 parts of carbide, 7 parts of nickel oxide, 4 parts of magnesium, 3 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 10 parts of barium, 4 parts of ink, 2 parts of levelling agent.
Further:Preparation method of the present invention has following steps:
Step one, the raw material for mixing raw material crush powdered, suppress at a temperature of 1100-1200 DEG C To the blank that density is 2-3 gram/cc;
Step 2, by blank feeding drying unit dried, material must be dried;Drying material is sent into stove to fire, is burnt till At 1300 DEG C -1400 DEG C, firing time 2-10 hours must burn till material to temperature;
Step 3, again stop heating, treat that kiln temperature is down to less than 650 DEG C naturally, by material kiln discharge, be subsequently cooled to room Temperature, then it is polished, cuts, packing and to obtain finished product end-product.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Entire body of the present invention is not allowed to be also easy to produce pore, overcomes granite, marble or polishing vitrified tile, devitrified glass brick The defects such as the crackle, pore, impurity and the aberration that produce in forming process;
It is in particular in that water absorption rate is low, acid resistance, alkali resistance, thermal shock resistance are good, and this means that the ornament materials uses the longevity Life length, bears dirty easy to clean, best in quality.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.Based in the present invention Embodiment, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one:
A kind of ornament materials is made up of following mass fraction formula components:Silica 1 3-15 parts, nickel 1-2 parts, plasticizer 0.1-0.3 parts, aluminum oxide 6-10 parts, mercury 0.1-0.3 parts, ceramic particle 10-30 parts, carbide 3-5 parts, nickel oxide 3-7 parts, magnesium 2-4 parts, organosilicon moisture repellent 1-3 parts, barium 6-10 parts, ink 2-4 parts, levelling agent 1-2 parts.
Embodiment two:
A kind of ornament materials is made up of following mass fraction formula components:3 parts of silica 1,1 part of nickel, plasticizer 0.1 Part, 6 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.1 part of mercury, 10 parts of ceramic particle, 3 parts of carbide, 3 parts of nickel oxide, 2 parts of magnesium, 1 part of organosilicon moisture repellent, 6 parts of barium, 2 parts of ink, 1 part of levelling agent.
Embodiment three:
A kind of ornament materials is made up of following mass fraction formula components:4 parts of silica 1,1.5 parts of nickel, plasticizer 0.2 Part, 8 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.2 part of mercury, 20 parts of ceramic particle, 4 parts of carbide, 5 parts of nickel oxide, 3 parts of magnesium, 2 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 8 parts of barium, 3 parts of ink, 1.5 parts of levelling agent.
Example IV:
A kind of ornament materials is made up of following mass fraction formula components:5 parts of silica 1,2 parts of nickel, plasticizer 0.3 Part, 10 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.3 part of mercury, 30 parts of ceramic particle, 5 parts of carbide, 7 parts of nickel oxide, 4 parts of magnesium, 3 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 10 parts of barium, 4 parts of ink, 2 parts of levelling agent.
Embodiment five:
A kind of preparation method preparation method of ornament materials comprises the steps:
Step one, the raw material for mixing raw material crush powdered, suppress at a temperature of 1100-1200 DEG C To the blank that density is 2-3 gram/cc;
Step 2, by blank feeding drying unit dried, material must be dried;Drying material is sent into stove to fire, is burnt till At 1300 DEG C -1400 DEG C, firing time 2-10 hours must burn till material to temperature;
Step 3, again stop heating, treat that kiln temperature is down to less than 650 DEG C naturally, by material kiln discharge, be subsequently cooled to room Temperature, then it is polished, cuts, packing and to obtain finished product end-product.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although this specification is been described by according to embodiment, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment can also Jing it is appropriately combined, form those skilled in the art Understandable other embodiment.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of ornament materials, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:
Silica 1 3-15 parts, nickel 1-2 parts, plasticizer 0.1-0.3 parts, aluminum oxide 6-10 parts, mercury 0.1-0.3 parts, ceramic particle 10-30 parts, carbide 3-5 parts, nickel oxide 3-7 parts, magnesium 2-4 parts, organosilicon moisture repellent 1-3 parts, barium 6-10 parts, ink 2-4 parts, Levelling agent 1-2 parts.
2. a kind of ornament materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:
3 parts of silica 1,1 part of nickel, 0.1 part of plasticizer, 6 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.1 part of mercury, 10 parts of ceramic particle, 3 parts of carbide, 3 parts of nickel oxide, 2 parts of magnesium, 1 part of organosilicon moisture repellent, 6 parts of barium, 2 parts of ink, 1 part of levelling agent.
3. a kind of ornament materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:
4 parts of silica 1,1.5 parts of nickel, 0.2 part of plasticizer, 8 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.2 part of mercury, 20 parts of ceramic particle, carbide 4 Part, 5 parts of nickel oxide, 3 parts of magnesium, 2 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 8 parts of barium, 3 parts of ink, 1.5 parts of levelling agent.
4. a kind of ornament materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following mass fraction formula components:
5 parts of silica 1,2 parts of nickel, 0.3 part of plasticizer, 10 parts of aluminum oxide, 0.3 part of mercury, 30 parts of ceramic particle, 5 parts of carbide, 7 parts of nickel oxide, 4 parts of magnesium, 3 parts of organosilicon moisture repellent, 10 parts of barium, 4 parts of ink, 2 parts of levelling agent.
5. a kind of a kind of preparation method of ornament materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Comprise the steps:
Step one, the raw material for mixing raw material crush powdered, and compacting of pressurizeing at a temperature of 1100-1200 DEG C obtains close Spend the blank for 2-3 gram/cc;
Step 2, by blank feeding drying unit dried, material must be dried;Drying material is sent into stove to fire, firing temperature At 1300 DEG C -1400 DEG C, firing time 2-10 hours must burn till material;
Step 3, again stop heating, treat that kiln temperature is down to less than 650 DEG C naturally, by material kiln discharge, be subsequently cooled to room temperature, Finished product end-product is polished, cut, packing and to obtain again.
CN201611100944.1A 2016-12-05 2016-12-05 Decorating material and preparing method thereof CN106623895A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201611100944.1A CN106623895A (en) 2016-12-05 2016-12-05 Decorating material and preparing method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611100944.1A CN106623895A (en) 2016-12-05 2016-12-05 Decorating material and preparing method thereof

Publications (1)

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CN106623895A true CN106623895A (en) 2017-05-10

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003082403A (en) * 2001-09-11 2003-03-19 Ngk Adrec Co Ltd Bottom board for firing
CN101638315A (en) * 2008-07-28 2010-02-03 咸阳陶瓷研究设计院 Ceramic plate composite and preparation method thereof
CN102587607A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-18 武汉理工大学 Fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate for outer wall and preparation method of fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate
CN103626463A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-12 徐伟 Environment-friendly diatom ooze composite material and production method for decorative plates
CN103739235A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-23 广州戈兰迪高分子材料有限公司 Crack-resistant quartz stone plate and manufacturing method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003082403A (en) * 2001-09-11 2003-03-19 Ngk Adrec Co Ltd Bottom board for firing
CN101638315A (en) * 2008-07-28 2010-02-03 咸阳陶瓷研究设计院 Ceramic plate composite and preparation method thereof
CN102587607A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-18 武汉理工大学 Fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate for outer wall and preparation method of fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate
CN103626463A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-12 徐伟 Environment-friendly diatom ooze composite material and production method for decorative plates
CN103739235A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-23 广州戈兰迪高分子材料有限公司 Crack-resistant quartz stone plate and manufacturing method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170510