CN106622908A - Material surface anti-icing method based on bionic coupling theory - Google Patents

Material surface anti-icing method based on bionic coupling theory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106622908A
CN106622908A CN201710110286.2A CN201710110286A CN106622908A CN 106622908 A CN106622908 A CN 106622908A CN 201710110286 A CN201710110286 A CN 201710110286A CN 106622908 A CN106622908 A CN 106622908A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coating
substrate
icing
freeze
elastic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710110286.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金敬福
李杨
陈廷坤
韩丽曼
丛茜
齐迎春
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Jilin University
Original Assignee
Jilin University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin University filed Critical Jilin University
Priority to CN201710110286.2A priority Critical patent/CN106622908A/en
Publication of CN106622908A publication Critical patent/CN106622908A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D5/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures
    • B05D5/08Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures to obtain an anti-friction or anti-adhesive surface

Abstract

The invention discloses a material surface anti-icing method based on a bionic coupling theory. According to the method, one or more coatings/paints are dispersed and coated on the surface of a substrate according to a certain rules, the features such as local thermal conductivity, elasticity, morphology and the like on the material surface are changed, and the forming continuity and stability on an icing surface are influenced, so that the anti-icing aim is achieved. According to the excellent function effect caused by coupling of biological surface multiple structural factors, one or more coatings/paints are dispersed and coated on the surface of the substrate according to a certain rules, multiple properties on the substrate surface are influenced, the coupling conditions are created, and the anti-icing aim is achieved. The material surface anti-icing method disclosed by the invention is simple in implementation and applicable to various engineering fields, only the substrate surface is coated, and the component structure is not damaged.

Description

A kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of anti-freeze method of material surface, specifically disclose a kind of based on theoretical anti-of bionic coupling Icing method.
Background technology
Icing is a kind of phenomenon being widely present, and industrial production can be impacted.Aviation, marine industries, power system Freezing with the equipment in ground transportation system can all affect its normal work.Freezing on the blade of wind turbine can cause blower fan Blade is improved quality imbalance, increases its working resistance, while can also cause fan vibration and fatigue, is reduced operating efficiency and is simultaneously caused The worm gear life-span declines, and causes power generation to lose.Offshore drilling oil platform equipment freezes can cause the generation of oil leakage phenomenon, shadow Ring machine to run well, reduce productivity and security performance.Aircraft causes gravity to increase after freezing, and reduces aerodynamic characteristic, operation Property and stability, affect normal flight, or even can be accidents caused during take-off and landing.
The content of the invention
The present invention consumes energy the anti-icing method life-spans such as big and chemical reagent, coating for de-icing methods such as current mechanical removals It is short, the problems such as the scope of application is little, propose a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling.By in material list According to certain rules scatter coated is a kind of and more than one coating/coating in face, changes local thermal conductivity, elasticity, the shape of material surface The features such as looks, affect the formation stability at icing interface, realize anti-freeze purpose.Test shows, to surface of aluminum plate It is compared untreatment surface icing intensity and reduces 20% after being coated.
The present invention be by elastic coating/coating or heat insulating coat/applying coating in substrate surface, described elastic coating/ The coating of coating or heat insulating coat/coating is one or more layers;
Elastic coating/the coating is elastic modelling quantity≤20 material, such as solvent-borne type elastic coating;Described heat-insulated painting Layer/coating is heat-insulation and heat-preservation suppression efficiency >=50% material, such as completely cuts off conduction type insulating moulding coating.
The distributional pattern of the elastic coating/coating or heat insulating coat/coating is point-like or latticed or striated or many Side shape;
Coating/the paint thickness of same layer is identical or different, and the coating/paint thickness of different layers is identical or different, each layer Coating/coating juxtaposition, the upper level of coating/coating is poor<2mm.
In substrate surface, all coating or part coat the single coating/coating;Multicoat/coating is applied using first Layer/coating full coat covers, and remaining coating/coating portion covers coating;Or multicoat/coating portion coating, mutually splicing, to substrate Surface carries out all or part of covering;Or multicoat/coating portion coating, crossover location overlap covering, substrate surface is carried out It is all or part of to cover.The part coated area accounting<90%.
The present invention applies elastic coating/coating or heat insulating coat/coating in substrate surface, affects the bullet of substrate surface local Property, the feature such as thermal conductivity, pattern, the stability for disturbing icing interface to be formed realizes anti-freeze purpose.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention causes the effect of excellent function according to the coupling of organism surface multiplet factor, expands coating/coating The range of choice of material, using coating/coating coating processes, affects substrate surface multifrequency nature, creates coupling condition, realizes anti- The purpose of icing.The present invention implements simple, is only coated in substrate surface, does not destroy board structure, it is adaptable to various engineerings Field.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is first schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 2 is second schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 3 is threeth schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 4 is fourth schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 5 is fiveth schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 6 is sixth schematic cross-section of the present invention after substrate surface applying coating/coating.
Fig. 7 is coating/coating the first distributional pattern schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is coating/coating the second distributional pattern schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the distributional pattern schematic diagram of coating/coating the 3rd of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the distributional pattern schematic diagram of coating/coating the 4th of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the coating/coating distributed in grid schematic perspective view one of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the coating/coating distributed in grid schematic perspective view two of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the coating/coating spot distribution schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the present invention in tubular part surface coating coatings/coating schematic perspective view.
Figure 15 is the coating/coating surface distribution enlarged diagram in Figure 14.
Specific embodiment
It is that elastic coating/coating or heat insulating coat/coating 1 are coated in into the surface of substrate 2, described elasticity such as to scheme the present invention The coating of coating/coating or heat insulating coat/coating 1 is one or more layers;
As shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 11, the thickness of coating/coating 1 of same layer can be different;As shown in Fig. 2 and Figure 13, same layer Coating/paint thickness can be identical;As shown in figure 3, the thickness of different coating/coating 1 can be identical;As shown in figure 4, different coating/painting Expect that 1 thickness can be different, coating/coating upper level is poor<2mm.
As shown in figure 1, all coatings of the single coating/coating 1;As shown in Fig. 2 single coating/the coating 1 can portion Divide coating;As shown in figure 5, multicoat/coating can be covered using ground floor coating/coating full coat, remaining coating/coating portion is covered Coating;As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, multicoat/coating can be coated using part, and mutually splicing carries out whole to the surface of substrate 2 Or part covers;As shown in fig. 6, multicoat/coating can be coated using part, crossover location is overlapped and covered, to the surface of substrate 2 Carry out all or part of covering.The part coated area accounting<90%
As shown in Fig. 7, Figure 11 and Figure 12, the distributional pattern of coating/coating 1 is latticed;As shown in figure 8 and 13, coating/ The distributional pattern of coating 1 is point-like;As shown in figure 9, the distributional pattern of coating/coating 1 is polygon;As shown in Figure 10, coating/coating 1 distributional pattern is striped.
As shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, coating/coating 1 is only coated on the surface of substrate 2, and here, substrate 2 is tube Part, coating/coating 1 does not destroy the structure of tubular part.
Operation principle of the present invention is:
The present invention causes the effect of excellent function according to the coupling of organism surface multiplet factor, expands coating/coating The range of choice of material, the present invention is coated according to certain rules substrate table using the coating/coating with elasticity or insulative properties Face, affects the features such as elasticity, thermal conductivity, the pattern of substrate surface local, the stability for disturbing icing interface to be formed, Realize anti-freeze purpose.
The composite can be widely applied to each engineering field, with it is anti-freeze, inexpensive, implement it is simple the features such as.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling, it is characterised in that:Be by elastic coating/coating or Heat insulating coat/coating is coated in substrate surface, described elastic coating/coating or the coating of heat insulating coat/coating be one layer or More than one layer;The distributional pattern of the elastic coating/coating or heat insulating coat/coating is point-like or latticed or striated or many Side shape.
2. a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Coating/the paint thickness of the same layer is identical or different, and the coating/paint thickness of different layers is identical or different, the painting of each layer Layer/coating juxtaposition, the upper level of coating/coating is poor<2mm.
3. a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: In substrate surface, all coating or part coat the single coating/coating;Multicoat/coating is complete using first coating/coating Coating, remaining coating/coating portion covers coating;Or multicoat/coating portion coating, mutually splicing, substrate surface is carried out It is all or part of to cover;Or multicoat/coating portion coating, crossover location overlap covering, whole or portion are carried out to substrate surface Divide and cover.
4. a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: The part coated area accounting<90%.
5. a kind of material surface anti-freeze method theoretical based on bionic coupling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Elastic coating/the coating is solvent-borne type elastic coating;Described heat insulating coat/coating is isolation conduction type insulating moulding coating.
CN201710110286.2A 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Material surface anti-icing method based on bionic coupling theory Pending CN106622908A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710110286.2A CN106622908A (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Material surface anti-icing method based on bionic coupling theory

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710110286.2A CN106622908A (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Material surface anti-icing method based on bionic coupling theory

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106622908A true CN106622908A (en) 2017-05-10

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Country Status (1)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103073936A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 吉林大学 Method for reducing adhesion strength of ices on material surface
CN103180060A (en) * 2010-10-28 2013-06-26 3M创新有限公司 Superhydrophobic film constructions
CN104937042A (en) * 2012-12-07 2015-09-23 Hrl实验室有限责任公司 Structural coatings with dewetting and anti-icing properties, and coating precursors for fabricating same
CN105386101A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-09 长春理工大学 Steel-base coupling bionic self-cleaning surface and preparation method thereof
CN105401185A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 长春理工大学 Aluminum alloy coupled biomimetic self-cleaning surface and preparation method thereof
CN205347305U (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-06-29 千藤(南京)环保科技有限公司 Self -cleaning coating of antibiotic building of antifouling resistant time

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103180060A (en) * 2010-10-28 2013-06-26 3M创新有限公司 Superhydrophobic film constructions
CN104937042A (en) * 2012-12-07 2015-09-23 Hrl实验室有限责任公司 Structural coatings with dewetting and anti-icing properties, and coating precursors for fabricating same
CN103073936A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 吉林大学 Method for reducing adhesion strength of ices on material surface
CN205347305U (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-06-29 千藤(南京)环保科技有限公司 Self -cleaning coating of antibiotic building of antifouling resistant time
CN105386101A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-09 长春理工大学 Steel-base coupling bionic self-cleaning surface and preparation method thereof
CN105401185A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 长春理工大学 Aluminum alloy coupled biomimetic self-cleaning surface and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
中国科学技术协会等: "《2014-2015化学学科发展报告》", 30 April 2016, 中国科学技术出版社 *
中国科学技术协会等: "《机械工程学科发展报告(机械制造)》", 31 March 2009, 中国科学技术出版社 *

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