CN106617274A - Storage method for enhancing vigor of reconstituted tobacco leaves - Google Patents

Storage method for enhancing vigor of reconstituted tobacco leaves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106617274A
CN106617274A CN201610969761A CN201610969761A CN106617274A CN 106617274 A CN106617274 A CN 106617274A CN 201610969761 A CN201610969761 A CN 201610969761A CN 201610969761 A CN201610969761 A CN 201610969761A CN 106617274 A CN106617274 A CN 106617274A
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China
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storage
reconstituted tobacco
tobacco
tobacco leaves
months
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CN201610969761A
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Chinese (zh)
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王晓园
李敏
罗岩峰
刘永强
谢晓斌
王茜茜
柯晓婷
彭琛
高卫锴
冯瑶玥
谢春芸
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广东中烟工业有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201610969761A priority Critical patent/CN106617274A/en
Publication of CN106617274A publication Critical patent/CN106617274A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/20Biochemical treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a storage method for enhancing vigor of reconstituted tobacco leaves. The reconstituted tobacco leaves are stored in a warehouse for 4-9 months and then are processed and used. The way of packaging the reconstituted tobacco leaves is the packing way of an additional inner lining bag in cartons. The storage method for enhancing the vigor of the reconstituted tobacco leaves summarizes laws of science in various complex situations in which storage condition factors affect and interfere with each other, achieve basic conditions for accurately determining storage, definitely and reasonably confirms the best storage cycle and period of the reconstructed tobacco leaves, and ensues the vigor of the tobacco leaves is maximal, which has the advantages of controlling quality stability of cigarette products, avoiding risk of fluctuations in cigarette vigor caused by different qualities of different storage cycles, optimizing the storage configuration, and effectively controlling raw material management and storage-related costs.

Description

一种提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法 A poppet Storage of reconstituted tobacco momentum

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及再造烟叶储存技术领域,更具体地,涉及一种提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to reconstituted tobacco storage technology, and more specifically, the storage method is directed to a reconstituted tobacco momentum lift.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 原料(包括烟叶、再造烟叶等)的储存是卷烟生产加工流程中的重要环节,良好的储存环境对卷烟工艺原料质量的稳定和卷烟产品质量风格的保持具有重要作用。 [0002] storing raw materials (including tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, etc.) is an important part of the cigarette manufacturing process flow, good storage environment has an important role to maintain the quality of the raw material and process stability cigarette tobacco flavor quality.

[0003] 作为卷烟加工企业,原料储存(包括烟叶、再造烟叶等)是整个生产流程中的重要一环,是原料实现其价值的一个管理环节。 [0003] As cigarette processing enterprises, storage of raw materials (including tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, etc.) the whole production process is an important part of management is a part of the raw material to realize its value. 烟叶储存的主要目的在于创造烟叶的"时间效用",使烟叶在效用最高的时间得到充分利用,充分发挥烟叶的质量潜力,实现烟叶资源在时间上和品质上的优化配置,达到保护和改善烟叶品质的目的。 The main purpose of the tobacco store is to create a "time utility" of tobacco, the tobacco in the effectiveness of the highest time to be fully utilized, full quality potential of tobacco, to achieve the tobacco resources in time and optimize the quality configuration, to protect and improve tobacco quality purposes.

[0004] 烟叶仓库指用于储存烟叶商品的库房,过去主要是露天储存,现阶段一般为钢筋水泥结构的室内储存,分单层和多层库房,配备有防潮隔热通风降温排湿等功能。 [0004] Tobacco refers to a warehouse for storing tobacco goods warehouse, in the past mainly stored in the open at this stage is generally reinforced concrete structure of the storage room, warehouse sub-monolayer and multilayer, it is equipped with ventilation cooling heat moisture Moisture functions . 烟叶仓储的主要功能是解决烟叶种植与卷烟生产的时间性和空间性矛盾,使卷烟生产能连续进行。 The main function is to address the tobacco warehouse temporal and spatial contradictions tobacco cultivation and cigarette production, the production of cigarettes can be carried out continuously.

[0005] 目前,国内外对烟叶储存方面的研究较多,例如《烟叶储存保管方法》(GB/T23220-2008)是目前本行业贮藏烟叶的标准文件,其中指出根据不同产地、不同质量状况片烟的适宜醇化期确定贮存期限,一般为12~36个月。 [0005] At present, domestic and foreign research on storage of tobacco more, such as "tobacco store storage method" (GB / T23220-2008) is the industry standard file storage of tobacco, which states that depending on the origin, quality of different pieces suitable alkoxide determining shelf life of cigarettes, typically 12 to 36 months.

[0006] 但标准文件并没有对再造烟叶储存方面提出指导,目前对再造烟叶储存方面的研究叶鲜有报道。 [0006] However, the standard document does not provide guidance on aspects of reconstituted tobacco store, at present there are few reports of Reengineering storage of tobacco leaf. 再造烟叶虽与烟叶相似,但仍然存在很多显著的差异。 Although reconstituted tobacco and tobacco are similar, but there are still many significant differences. 再造烟叶是以烟末、 烟梗、碎片等烟草物质重新组合的产品,厚度一般在〇.2mm,是交织结构,由表至里吸湿。 Reconstituted tobacco is tobacco dust, tobacco stems, tobacco scrap and other substances recombined product, thickness is generally 〇.2mm, interwoven structure, moisture from the front to back. 而叶片是草本植物类,厚度一般在0.14mm,是以毛细孔胶原体吸湿,直接渗透到内部。 While the leaf is herbaceous type, thickness is generally 0.14mm, the absorbent body is nonporous collagen, directly penetrate into the inside. 再造烟叶和烟叶的组织结构不同,厚度不同,吸湿的性质就不同。 Reconstituted tobacco and tobacco different organizational structures, different thicknesses on different absorbent properties. 同时,堆积状态会使造纸法再造烟叶储存过程中产生粘连效应,影响后续工艺的掺配均匀性等,这些都会造成造纸法再造烟叶应用性能的下降。 At the same time, make the paper stacking state reconstituted tobacco blocking effect is generated during storage, blending and the like affect the uniformity of the subsequent processes, which will result in re-application performance decrease tobacco paper-making. 因此,造纸法再造烟叶与烟叶相比,储存方式应存在差异。 Thus, reconstituted tobacco and tobacco paper compared shall differ storage mode. 目前,再造烟叶并未区别于烟叶进行单独储存。 At present, reconstituted tobacco does not distinguish it from a separate tobacco store. 再者,标准文件规定的标准仓库要求是恒温恒湿环境, 具体实施的时候存在仓库建设成本高、不易控制和实现的难题。 Furthermore, the standard requirements of the standard document warehouse is temperature and humidity environment, the presence of high warehouse construction cost, easy to implement and control problems when the specific implementation.

[0007] 国内外对烟叶原料储存中常规化学组分变化的相关研究较多,而对再造烟叶的研究鲜有报道。 [0007] Conventional studies of chemical changes in the components of the tobacco material stored at home and abroad more, and studies of reconstituted tobacco rarely reported.

[0008]劲头是体现卷烟产品风格的一项重要指标。 [0008] momentum is an important indicator reflects the style of cigarette products. 一般认为卷烟劲头与其烟草及主流烟气中的烟碱含量有关。 It is generally believed that the nicotine content of cigarettes and Impact with tobacco mainstream smoke related. 影响卷烟劲头的因素到底有哪些及程度如何,是卷烟产品设计人员十分关注的课题。 Factors affecting the momentum of cigarettes in the end on how and what degree, is the subject of cigarette product designers of great concern.

[0009] 目前缺乏从储存的环节提升烟叶尤其是再造烟叶的劲头方面的相关研究。 [0009] In particular, the current research is related aspects of the lack of momentum to enhance the links from the stored tobacco reconstituted tobacco.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明要解决的技术问题是针对现有对再造烟叶储存过程中稳定水分含量的技术不足,提供一种提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法。 [0010] The present invention is to solve the technical problem Storage of the existing RTL momentum of reconstituted tobacco during storage stable moisture content of less than art, there is provided a lift.

[0011] 本发明的目的通过以下技术方案予以实现: [0011] The object of the present invention is realized by the following technical solutions:

[0012] 提供一种提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法,是将再造烟叶经过4~9个月的仓库储存后再用于加工使用。 [0012] provided a method of storing tobacco momentum lift recycling of the reconstituted tobacco it is 4 to 9 after warehouse storage months before use for processing.

[0013] 通过将再造烟叶经过4~9个月的仓库储存,可使再造烟叶的焦油量和烟碱量均达到峰值,其劲头得到有效提升。 [0013] By reconstituted tobacco through warehousing 4-9 months, make reconstituted tobacco tar and nicotine were peaking, which strength is enhanced effectively.

[0014] 优选地,是将再造烟叶经过7~9个月的仓库储存后再用于加工使用。 [0014] Preferably, the reconstituted tobacco through a warehousing 7-9 months after use for processing.

[0015] 优选的,在储存的过程中,所述再造烟叶的包装方式为纸箱内附加内衬袋的包装方式。 [0015] Preferably, during storage, the reconstituted tobacco packaging cartons within an additional embodiment of the liner bag.

[0016] 本发明具有以下有益效果: [0016] The present invention has the following advantages:

[0017] 本发明在储存条件因素中互相影响、互相干扰的各种复杂的情况中总结科学的规律,实现精确确定储存的基本条件,通过对包装方式、储存的季节和仓库综合研究,在不同的、相互影响的因素中获得提升再造烟叶劲头的储存技术方案。 [0017] The present invention affect each other factors in storage conditions, scientific laws of the various complex situations interfere with each other in summary, to achieve an accurate determination of the basic conditions for storage, through to packaging, warehousing and comprehensive study of seasonal storage in different the factors influence each other in storage technology solutions promoted momentum of reconstituted tobacco. 应用本发明成果,本领域生产厂家不再需要严格限定采用恒温恒湿的标准仓库储存再造烟叶也可保障储存质量。 Application results of the present invention, the present art is no longer necessary to strictly define the manufacturer using standard warehousing constant temperature and humidity may also protect the reconstituted tobacco mass storage. 本发明明确合理地确定再造烟叶最佳储存周期和时期,保障再造烟叶的劲头最足,从而有利于控制卷烟产品的质量稳定性,规避由于再造烟叶不同仓储周期品质状况不同造成的卷烟劲头波动的风险,并优化储存配置,有效控制原料管理及仓储相关费用。 The invention specifically reconstituted tobacco reasonably determine optimum storage period and period, reconstituted tobacco guarantee the most adequate momentum, thus contributing to the stability of cigarette products quality control, avoid cigarette momentum due to the recycling of different storage periods of different quality tobacco leaf situation caused by fluctuations risk, and optimize storage configuration, the effective control of raw materials management and warehousing expenses.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1实施例1三种随机选取的再造烟叶样品近红外光谱扫描结果。 Reconstituted tobacco sample [0018] FIG 1 Example 1 Three randomly selected near infrared spectroscopy scan results.

[0019] 图2 GR60Z01产品的焦油量随储存时间的不同的变化情况。 [0019] FIG. 2 GR60Z01 tar products with different storage time changes.

[0020]图3 GR60Z01产品的烟气烟碱量随储存时间的不同的变化情况。 [0020] FIG. 3 GR60Z01 smoke nicotine to store different products with changes over time.

[0021]图4 RSGD-126产品的焦油量随储存时间的不同的变化情况。 [0021] 4 tar FIG RSGD-126 product store various changes with time.

[0022]图5 RSGD-126产品的的烟气烟碱量随储存时间的不同的变化情况。 Smoke nicotine [0022] FIG. 5 RSGD-126 product is stored with various changes over time.

[0023]图6 GDT-3产品的烟气烟碱量随储存时间的不同的变化情况。 Smoke nicotine [0023] FIG. 6 GDT-3 store different products with changes over time.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024]下面结合附图和具体实施例进一步说明本发明。 Drawings and specific examples further illustrate the present invention [0024] The following binding. 下述实施例仅用于验证本发明设计思想的示例性说明,不能理解为对本发明的限制。 The following examples are for illustrative verify the design concept of the invention, it should not be construed as limiting the present invention. 除非特别说明,下述实施例中使用的试剂为常规市购或商业途径获得的试剂,除非特别说明,下述实施例中使用的方法和设备为本领域常规使用的方法和设备。 Unless otherwise stated, reagents used in the following examples is a conventional commercially available or commercially available reagents, unless otherwise specified, methods and apparatus used in the following examples and the art conventionally used equipment.

[0025] 实施例1 [0025] Example 1

[0026] 为方便说明,本实施例在某烟草生产企业用量较大的再造烟叶中随机选取三种再造烟叶产品为例进行说明,分别为一厂家的产品RSGD-126 (种类A)和产品GDT-3 (种类B),另一厂家的产品GR60Z01 (种类C)。 [0026] For convenience of explanation, the present embodiment randomly selected three kinds of reconstituted tobacco product in a tobacco as an example the production of reconstituted tobacco company in a larger amount, respectively, a product manufacturer RSGD-126 (type A) and products GDT 3 (type B), other manufacturers of products GR60Z01 (Category C). 图1为三种随机选取的再造烟叶样品近红外光谱扫描结果, 可以看出,三种产品内在品质存在显著差异,可有效避免因品质相似而造成的变化趋势一致,保证分析结果的有效性。 Figure 1 is a near-infrared spectral scanning results of three randomly selected sample of reconstituted tobacco, it can be seen, there are significant differences in the intrinsic quality of the three products, which can effectively avoid the same trend because of similar quality caused, to ensure the validity of results.

[0027] 将随机选取的三种再造烟叶分别采用四种包装形式,分别为1)纸箱包装;2)纸箱附加内衬袋包装(内衬袋);3)纸箱附加真空包装(真空);4)纸箱附加充氮包装进行包装(充氮)。 [0027] A reconstituted tobacco randomly selected three respectively four kinds of packaging, namely 1) carton; 2) lined cartons additional bag (liner bag); 3) the additional vacuum packaging carton (vacuum); 4 ) carton packing and additional nitrogen (nitrogen). 其中,所述内衬袋采用高密度聚乙烯材料制得,外观无可见洞口且袋体无漏气现象。 Wherein said high-density polyethylene liner bag material obtained, without visible appearance of the hole and the bag has no air leaks. 真空包装和充氮的包装均可以采用食用级薄膜材料或者类似的材料,真空度和充氮量参照现有技术包装使用的常规,不做严格限定。 The nitrogen and vacuum packaging can be employed food grade packaging film material or similar material, the amount of vacuum and nitrogen the prior art with reference to the conventional packaging used is not strictly limited. 例如所述充氮是采用氮气充至达到纯氮级(即食品级)。 For example, the nitrogen is charged with nitrogen to achieve the level of pure nitrogen (i.e., food grade).

[0028] 为方便说明和试验操作,本实施例以四个样品储存仓库进行说明,但并不因此限定本发明范围。 [0028] For convenience of explanation and test procedure, a sample of the present embodiment, four storage warehouse to be described, but this does not restrict the scope of the invention. 它们分别为:1)参考烟叶储存保管方法(GB/T23220-2008)设计标准储存条件的标准仓库,为A; 2) B仓库储存条件(广东韶关);3) C仓库储存条件(广东广州);4) D仓库储存条件(广东梅州)。 They are: 1) Reference method for storing tobacco storage (GB / T23220-2008) standard warehouse storage conditions of the design criteria for A; 2) B warehouse storage conditions (Shaoguan); 3) C warehouse storage conditions (Guangzhou) ; 4) D warehouse storage conditions (Meizhou, Guangdong Province).

[0029] 其中,仓库1是本领域标准文件规定的标准仓库,标准仓库要求是恒温恒湿环境, 其温度为22 ± 1°C、相对湿度为60 ± 5 %。 [0029] where 1 is the standard warehouse warehouse predetermined standard in the art document storage standards is required constant temperature and humidity environment at a temperature of 22 ± 1 ° C, relative humidity of 60 ± 5%.

[0030] 仓库2所处地区的年平均气温23°C,平均相对湿度为60%。 [0030] The annual average temperature warehouse area 2 is located 23 ° C, average relative humidity of 60%. 其位置为介于东经112° 53'~114°45、北炜23°53^~25°3"之间,所处地属中亚热带湿润型季风气候区,春季阴雨连绵,秋季降水偏少,冬季寒冷,夏季偏热,雨量充沛,年均降雨1400~2400毫米,3~8月为雨季,9~2月为旱季。 Its location between east longitude 112 ° 53 '~ 114 ° 45, between the North Wei 23 ° 53 ^ ~ 25 ° 3 ", in which the subtropical humid monsoon climate, rainy spring, autumn rainfall, Winter cold, summer partial heat, rainfall, annual rainfall 1400 to 2400 mm, 3-8 month rainy season from September to February dry season.

[0031] 仓库3所处地区的年平均气温22°C,平均相对湿度为68%。 [0031] 3 on the regional warehouses annual average temperature 22 ° C, average relative humidity of 68%. 其位置为介于北炜23° 06',东经113°15',地处中国大陆南部、广东省中南部、珠江三角洲北缘。 Its location between Northern Wei, 23 ° 06 ', longitude 113 ° 15', is located in the southern, central and southern Guangdong Province, the northern margin of the Pearl River Delta in mainland China. 所处地属东南亚热带季风气候,气候特点是气温高、降水多、霜日少、日照多、风速小、雷暴频繁,年平均降水量1982.7mm,年平均日照时数在1800h以上,平均相对湿度为68 %,全年水热同期,雨量充沛。 Which belong to the Southeast Asian tropical monsoon climate, climate is characterized by high temperature, precipitation, less frost days, sunshine, small wind speed, frequent thunderstorms, average annual rainfall of 1982.7mm, the average annual sunshine at 1800h above average relative humidity 68% of the annual hot water over the same period rainfall. 全年中,4~6月为雨季,8~9月天气炎热,多台风,10~12月气温适中。 Throughout the year, from April to June is the rainy season, from August to September the weather is hot, more typhoons, moderate temperatures 10 to 12 months.

[0032] 仓库4所处地区的年平均气温20 °C,平均相对湿度为55 %。 [0032] The annual average temperature on the regional warehouses 4 20 ° C, average relative humidity of 55%. 其位置为介于东经115 ° 18'~116°56',北炜23°23'~24°56'之间的低炜度地区,辖区内地形以山地丘陵为主,气候属于亚热带季风气候,雨水丰富,但各季降水不均,雨量主要集中在4~9月,春季梅州市降水量为567.2mm,占年雨量的37%;夏季为552.3mm,占年雨量的36%;秋季为224.7mm,占年雨量的15%;冬季为184.5_,占年雨量的12%。 Its location between east longitude 115 ° 18 '~ 116 ° 56', the area between the low degree of North Wei Wei 23 ° 23 '~ 24 ° 56', the area mountainous hilly terrain, climate is subtropical monsoon climate, rain rich, but uneven seasonal precipitation, rainfall is mainly concentrated in the April to September, the city of Meizhou spring rainfall of 567.2mm, accounting for 37% of annual rainfall; summer is 552.3mm, accounting for 36% of annual rainfall; fall is 224.7mm , accounting for 15% of annual rainfall; winter 184.5_, accounting for 12% of annual rainfall.

[0033] 仓库2、仓库3和仓库4为普通的混凝土结构的仓库,不做恒温恒湿的严格要求。 [0033] warehouse 2, 3 and 4 warehouses warehouses warehouses for general concrete structure, not the stringent requirements of constant temperature and humidity.

[0034] 分别将按照四种包装方式包装好的再造烟叶做好标记,数量上达到一定的批量。 [0034] respectively of four different packaging packaging good reconstituted tobacco marked to reach a certain batch number. 将包装好的再造烟叶分别储存于上述四个储存仓库。 The packaged reconstituted tobacco are stored in the four storage warehouse. 取样方法:不同储存地点和包装方式不同储存时间分别取样。 Sampling method: various packaging and storage sites were sampled different storage times. 检测方法参照本领域常规技术。 Referring detection methods conventional in the art. 数据处理方法:数据处理采用spss 分析软件。 Data processing method: a data processing using spss analysis software.

[0035] 一、GR60Z01产品 [0035] a, GR60Z01 products

[0036] 1.焦油量 [0036] 1. tar

[0037] (1)储存时间变化上,焦油量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,储存4个月后开始上升, 储存7~9个月的结果达到峰值,此后迅速下降。 On [0037] (1) Storage time variation, with time tar presentation characteristics then decreased, starts to increase storage 4 months after storage for 7 to 9 months results peaking, decreased rapidly thereafter. 地点上,标准地明显要低于其它地点;方式上,纸箱方式要明显低于其它方式。 On site, the standard is significantly lower than other sites; the way, carton embodiment significantly lower than otherwise.

[0038] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存时间均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0038] (2) Analysis ANOVA results show: a significant difference existed between the mean time of storage. 三因素固定效应方差分析结果表明:储存地点和方式均存在显著影响,同时方式和地点之间也具有显著的交互效应。 Three-factor fixed effects analysis of variance results showed that: where and how to store, there were significant impact, but also between how and where significant interaction effects.

[0039] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,储存4~9个月后与储存1~3个月的结果存在显著性差异,储存10~12个月后的结果则与储存1~3个月的结果不构成显著差异。 [0039] (3) regression analysis showed that: temporally storing significant differences with the results stored for 1 to 3 months 4-9 months, to store the results from 10 to 12 months is the reservoir 1 to 3, month results do not constitute a significant difference. 地点上,韶关要显著高于标准地,而其余各地则与标准地不构成显著差异;方式上,各方式与内衬袋方式之间不构成显著差异。 On site, the Shaoguan significantly higher than the standard, and the rest is standard throughout the ground constitute no significant difference; on the way, does not constitute a significant difference between the liner bag and the embodiment mode.

[0040] 表1再造烟叶焦油量随储存时间的变化 [0040] Table 1 reconstituted tobacco tar variation with storage time

[0041] [0041]

Figure CN106617274AD00061

[0042] 表2不同包装方式条件下的再造烟叶焦油量检测结果 [0042] reconstituted tobacco tar detection result in table 2 in Different packaging

[0043] [0043]

Figure CN106617274AD00062

[0044] 表3焦油量(mg)的方差分析结果 [0044] Table 3 Analysis of tar (mg) variance results

[0045] [0045]

Figure CN106617274AD00063

[0046] 表4不同因素之间的相互影响分析(焦油量mg) [0046] The interaction between the different factors in Table 4 Analysis (tar mg)

[0047] [0047]

Figure CN106617274AD00071

[0048] aR Squared =.794 (Adjusted R Squared =.498) [0048] aR Squared = .794 (Adjusted R Squared = .498)

[0049] 表5相关系数3 [0049] TABLE 3 5 correlation coefficient

[0050] [0050]

Figure CN106617274AD00072

[0051] [0051]

Figure CN106617274AD00081

[0052] a .Dependent Variable:焦油量mg [0052] a .Dependent Variable: Tar content mg

[0053] 2.烟气烟碱量 [0053] 2. The smoke nicotine

[0054] (1)储存时间变化上,烟气烟碱量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,储存4个月开始上升,储存7~9个月达到峰值,此后迅速下降。 On [0054] (1) storage time, the amount of nicotine smoke first and then drop characteristics with time, it began to rise 4 months storage, storage for 7 to 9 months peaking drops rapidly thereafter. 地点上,各地差异并不明显;方式上,各方式的差异也并不明显。 On site, the difference is not obvious throughout; on the way, differences of approach is not obvious.

[0055] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存时间均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0055] (2) Analysis ANOVA results show: a significant difference existed between the mean time of storage. 三因素固定效应方差分析结果表明:地点和方式均不具有显著影响,各因素之间也不存在交互效应。 Three-factor fixed effects analysis of variance results showed that: where and how not have a significant impact, there was no interaction between various factors. [0056] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,储存4~9个月和储存10~12个月与储存1~3个月的结果形成显著性差异,其中储存4~9个月显著高于储存1~3个月0.027个单位,而储存10 ~12个月则显著低于储存1~3个月0.026个单位;地点上,各地与标准地不构成显著差异; 方式上,各方式与内衬袋之间也不构成显著性差异。 [0056] (3) regression analysis showed that: temporally stored 4-9 months and stored for 1 to 3 months results 10 to 12 months with the reservoir formed significant difference, wherein the reservoir 4 to 9 months was significantly higher the storage 1 to 3 months 0.027 units, while the storage 10 to 12 months were significantly lower stored for 1 to 3 months 0.026 units; on location around a standard manner does not constitute a significant difference; the way, each way It does not constitute a significant difference between the liner bag.

[0057] 表6再造烟叶随储存时间的不同的变化结果 [0057] reconstituted tobacco sheet 6 different changes with storage time results

[0058] [0058]

Figure CN106617274AD00082

[0059] 表7不同包装方式条件下的再造烟叶烟气烟碱量检测结果 [0059] reconstituted tobacco smoke Nicotine amount detection result of the different conditions of Table 7 Packing

[0060] [0060]

Figure CN106617274AD00083

[0061] [0061]

Figure CN106617274AD00091

[0062] 表8烟气烟碱量(mg)的方差分析结果 [0062] Table 8 Analysis smoke nicotine (mg) variance results

[0063] [0063]

Figure CN106617274AD00092

[0064] 表9不同因素之间的相互影响分析(烟气烟碱量mg) [0064] The interaction between the different factors in Table 9 Analysis (nicotine smoke mg)

[0065] [0065]

Figure CN106617274AD00093

[0066] aR Squared =.830 (Adjusted R Squared =.585) [0066] aR Squared = .830 (Adjusted R Squared = .585)

[0067] 表10相关系数3 [0067] Table 10 correlation coefficient 3

[0068] [0068]

Figure CN106617274AD00101

[0069] [0069]

[0070] a .Dependent Variable:烟气烟喊量mg [0070] a .Dependent Variable: Tobacco smoke call content mg

[0071] 3.烟气烟碱量与劲头的相关性 [0071] 3. The amount of nicotine smoke momentum correlation

[0072] 烟气烟碱量会影响劲头。 [0072] smoke nicotine affects momentum. 对于GR60Z01产品而言,烟气烟碱量与劲头之间呈现显著的正相关关系,其相关系数为0.372,在5 %的显著性水平下具有显著性。 For GR60Z01 products, showed a significant positive correlation between the amount of smoke and nicotine strength, the correlation coefficient was 0.372, significant at the 5% significance level.

[0073] 进一步地,回归分析结果表明:拟合优度为0.138,烟气烟碱量对劲头有显著的正向影响,具体而言,不考虑其它因素的情况下,当烟气烟碱量每增加1个单位时,劲头评分会提高1.753个单位。 [0073] Further, the regression analysis showed: 0.138 goodness of fit, the amount of nicotine smoke a significant positive effect on strength, specifically, without considering other factors, the amount of nicotine when the flue gas every increase of one unit, will increase the momentum score 1.753 units. 特别地,将焦油量、烟气烟碱量与劲头的逐步回归结果表明:劲头更多地受到焦油量的作用比较大。 In particular, the stepwise regression results tar, nicotine and smoke momentum suggests: momentum more by the effect of relatively large amount of tar.

[0074] 表11相关性 [0074] Table 11 correlation

[0075] [0075]

Figure CN106617274AD00111

[0076] Correlation is significant at the O.Ollevel (2-tailed). [0076] Correlation is significant at the O.Ollevel (2-tailed).

[0077] 表12相关性 [0077] Table 12 correlation

[0078] [0078]

Figure CN106617274AD00112

[0079] a .Dependent Variable:劲头 [0079] a .Dependent Variable: momentum

[0080] 二、RS ⑶-126 产品 [0080] bis, RS ⑶-126 Product

[0081] 1.焦油量 [0081] 1. tar

[0082] (1)储存时间变化上,焦油量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,储存4个月后开始上升, 储存7~9个月后达到峰值,此后迅速下降。 On [0082] (1) Storage time variation, with time tar presentation characteristics then decreased, starts to increase storage 4 months after storage for 7 to 9 months after peaking, decreased rapidly thereafter. 地点上,标准地和韶关要明显高于其它地点;方式上,纸箱方式最低,而内衬袋方式最高。 On location, the standard and Shaoguan significantly higher than other locations; on the way, the lowest cartons way, while the highest-lined bag way.

[0083] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存时间均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0083] (2) Analysis ANOVA results show: a significant difference existed between the mean time of storage. 三因素固定效应方差分析结果表明:在控制时间因素的情况下,储存地点和方式均对其变化存在显著影响,而且地点与时间因素之间存在交互效应。 Three-factor fixed effects analysis of variance results show that: in the case of the control factor of time, place and manner of storage had significant impact on the change, and there is interaction between the location and the time factor.

[0084] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,仅有储存10~12个月与储存1~3个月的结果形成显著差异。 [0084] (3) regression analysis showed that: the time, only 10 to 12 months stored with 1 to 3 months resulting in a significant difference in storage. 储存10~12个月显著低于储存1~3个月0.265个单位;地点上,仅有广州与标准地构成显著性差异,要显著低于标准地0.277个单位;方式上,仅有纸箱方式显著低于内衬袋方式0.308个单位,其余方式则与内衬袋无显著差异。 Storage 10 to 12 months were significantly lower than 1 to 3 months storage 0.265 units; the location, only the standard Guangzhou constituted a significant difference, to be significantly lower than the standard 0.277 units; the way, only the way the carton Liners embodiment is significantly lower than 0.308 units, the rest of the way with no significant difference liner bag.

[0085] 表13再造烟叶的焦油量随储存时间和包装方式的变化的检测结果 The amount of tar [0085] reconstituted tobacco sheet 13 with storage time and the detection result of the change of packaging

[0086] [0086]

Figure CN106617274AD00121

[0088] 表14焦油量(mg)的方差分析结果 [0088] Table 14 Analysis of tar content (mg) of the variance of the results

[0089] [0089]

Figure CN106617274AD00122

[0090] 表15不同因素之间的相互影响分析(焦油量mg) [0090] The interaction between the different factors in Table 15 Analysis (tar mg)

[0091] [0091]

Figure CN106617274AD00131

[0092] aR Squared =.846 (Adjusted R Squared =.623) [0092] aR Squared = .846 (Adjusted R Squared = .623)

[0093] 表16相关系数3 [0093] Table 16 correlation coefficient 3

[0094] [0094]

Figure CN106617274AD00132

[0095] a .Dependent Variable:焦油量mg [0095] a .Dependent Variable: Tar content mg

[0096] 2.烟气烟碱量 [0096] 2. The smoke nicotine

[0097] (1)储存时间变化上,烟气烟碱量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,储存4个月后开始上升,储存7~9个月后达到峰值后迅速下降。 On [0097] (1) storage time, the amount of nicotine smoke first and then drop characteristics over time, begins to increase storage 4 months after storage decreased rapidly after reaching a peak after 7-9 months. 地点上,各地差异并不明显;方式上,纸箱方式最低,而内衬袋方式最高。 On site, the difference is not obvious throughout; on the way, the lowest cartons way, way up and lined bags.

[0098] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存时间均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0098] (2) Analysis ANOVA results show: a significant difference existed between the mean time of storage. 三因素方差分析表明:在控制时间因素的情况下,地点和方式均存在显著影响,其它交互效应并不显著。 Three-factor analysis of variance showed that: in the case of the control factor of time, place and manner had significant impact on other interaction effect was not significant.

[0099] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,只有储存10~12个月与储存1~3个月形成显著性差异,储存10~12个月显著低于储存1~3个月0.026个单位;地点上,各地与标准地之间未构成显著差异;方式上,纸箱方式和充氮方式均与内衬袋构成显著性差异,二者均要显著低于内衬袋方式。 [0099] (3) The regression analysis results show that: the time, only the storage 10 to 12 months and stored for 1 to 3 months formed a significant difference, the storage 10 to 12 months were significantly lower than stored for 1 to 3 months 0.026 units; the place is not formed between the ground around the significant difference with the standard; the way, the way the carton and nitrogen manner constitute significant difference liner bags, significantly lower than both the liner bag way.

[0100] 表17再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随储存时间的变化的检测结果 [0100] Table 17 nicotine reconstituted tobacco smoke detection result of variation with storage time

[0101] [0101]

Figure CN106617274AD00141

[0103] 表18再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随包装方式的变化的检测结果 Nicotine smoke [0103] Table 18 with variation of the reconstituted tobacco packaging a detection result

[0104] [0104]

Figure CN106617274AD00151

[0105] 表19烟气烟碱量(mg)方差分析结果 [0105] Table 19 smoke nicotine (mg) ANOVA results

[0106] [0106]

Figure CN106617274AD00152

[0107] 表20不同因素之间的相互影响分析(烟气烟碱量mg) [0107] interaction between the different factors in Table 20 Analysis (nicotine smoke mg)

[0108] [0108]

Figure CN106617274AD00153

[0109] [0109]

Figure CN106617274AD00161

[0110] aR Squared= .813 (Adjusted R Squared= .544) [0110] aR Squared = .813 (Adjusted R Squared = .544)

[0111] 表21相关系数3 [0111] Table 21 correlation coefficient 3

[0112] [0112]

Figure CN106617274AD00162

[0113] a .Dependent Variable:烟气烟喊量mg [0113] a .Dependent Variable: Tobacco smoke call content mg

[0114] 3.烟气烟碱量与劲头的相关性 [0114] 3. The amount of nicotine smoke momentum correlation

[0115] 对于RS⑶-126产品而言,烟气烟碱量与劲头之间呈现显著的正相关关系,其相关系数为0.275,在5%的显著性水平下具有显著性。 [0115] For RS⑶-126 product, showed a significant positive correlation between the amount of smoke and nicotine strength, the correlation coefficient was 0.275, significant at the 5% significance level.

[0116] 进一步地,回归分析结果表明:拟合优度为0.076,属于非常低的拟合优度,但是回归模型具有统计显著性,烟气烟碱量对劲头有显著的正向影响,具体而言,不考虑其它因素的情况下,当烟气烟碱量每增加1个单位时,劲头评分会提高1.984个单位。 [0116] Further, the regression analysis showed that: the goodness of fit is 0.076, which belongs to a very low goodness of fit, but regression model is statistically significant, the amount of nicotine smoke have a significant positive impact on momentum, concrete For, without taking into account other factors, the amount of nicotine in smoke when every increase of 1 unit, will increase the momentum scoring 1.984 units. 特别地,与GR60Z01产品类似,将焦油量、烟气烟碱量与劲头的逐步回归结果表明:劲头主要是受到焦油量的作用比较大。 In particular, the GR60Z01 similar products, will gradually return results tar, nicotine and smoke momentum suggests: momentum mainly due to the effect of relatively large amount of tar.

[0117] 表22相关性 [0117] Table 22 correlation

[0118] [01]

Figure CN106617274AD00171

[0119] Correlation is significant at the 0.051evel (2-tailed). [0119] Correlation is significant at the 0.051evel (2-tailed).

[0120] 表23相关系数3 [0120] Table 23 correlation coefficient 3

[0121] [0121]

Figure CN106617274AD00172

[0122] a .Dependent Variable:劲头 [0122] a .Dependent Variable: momentum

[0123] 三、GDT-3 产品 [0123] III, GDT-3 product

[0124] 1.焦油量 [0124] 1. tar

[0125] (1)储存时间变化上,焦油量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,储存4个月时开始上升, 储存7~9个月达到峰值此后迅速下降。 On [0125] (1) Storage time change, tar first and then drop characteristics over time, begins to rise when stored for 4 months, 7-9 months storage the peak decreases rapidly thereafter. 地点上,标准地和韶关要明显高于其它地点;方式上,纸箱方式最低,内衬袋方式次之,而充氮方式最高。 On location, the standard and Shaoguan significantly higher than other locations; on the way, the way the minimum carton lined bag method, followed by the highest nitrogen manner.

[0126] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存时间均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0126] (2) Analysis ANOVA results show: a significant difference existed between the mean time of storage. 三因素固定效应方差分析结果表明:在控制时间因素的情况下,储存地点和方式均对其变化存在显著影响,但不存在有关的交互效应。 Three-factor fixed effects analysis of variance results show that: in the case of the control factor of time, place and manner of storage had significant impact on their changes, but about the interaction does not exist.

[0127] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,仅有储存10~12个月与储存1~3个月形成显著差异,储存10~12个月显著低于储存1~3个月;地点上,各地均与标准地构成显著性差异,各地均要显著低于标准地;方式上,仅有纸箱方式显著低于内衬袋方式,其余方式则与内衬袋无显著差异。 [0127] (3) The regression analysis results show that: the time, only the storage 10 to 12 months and stored for 1 to 3 months formation of significant differences, the storage 10 to 12 months were significantly lower than stored for 1 to 3 months; Location on the ground around the standard constitutes a significant difference, the country are significantly lower than the standard; the way, the only way to significantly lower carton lined bags mode, the rest mode with no significant difference liner bag.

[0128] 表24再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随储存时间的变化的检测结果 [0128] Table 24 nicotine reconstituted tobacco smoke detection result of variation with storage time

[0129] [0129]

Figure CN106617274AD00181

[0130] 表25再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随包装方式的变化的检测结果 [0130] Table 25 nicotine smoke reconstituted tobacco packaging changes with a detection result

[0131] [0131]

Figure CN106617274AD00182

[0132] 表26焦油量(mg)的方差分析结果 [0132] Table 26 Analysis of tar content (mg) of the variance of the results

[0133] [0133]

Figure CN106617274AD00183

[0134] 表27不同因素之间的相互影响分析(焦油量mg) [0134] interaction between the different factors in Table 27 Analysis (tar mg)

[0135] [0135]

Figure CN106617274AD00191

[0137] aR Squared= .815 (Adjusted R Squared= .537) [0137] aR Squared = .815 (Adjusted R Squared = .537)

[0138] 表28相关系数3 [0138] Table 28 correlation coefficient 3

[0139] [0139]

Figure CN106617274AD00201

[0140] a .Dependent Variable:焦油量mg [0140] a .Dependent Variable: Tar content mg

[0141] 3.烟气烟碱量 [0141] 3. The smoke nicotine

[0142] (1)储存时间变化上,烟气烟碱量随时间呈现先升后降的特点,出存4个月后开始上升,储存7~9个月达到峰值后迅速下降。 On [0142] (1) storage time, the amount of nicotine smoke first and then drop characteristics over time, the deposit begins to rise after 4 months, 7-9 months storage decreased rapidly after reaching the peak. 地点上,标准地稍高,梅州最低;方式上,纸箱方式最低,其它方式之间并不明显。 On site, the higher standard, a minimum Meizhou; the way, the lowest carton embodiment, among other ways not obvious.

[0143] (2)单因素方差分析结果表明:储存均值之间均存在显著性差异。 [0143] (2) The results showed that ANOVA: significant difference existed between the mean storage. 三因素方差分析表明:在控制时间因素的情况下,仅有储存方式存在显著影响,地点并不具有显著影响,也不存在其它交互效应。 Three-factor analysis of variance showed that: in the case of control of the time factor, there is a significant effect only storage methods, location does not have a significant impact, there is no other interaction.

[0144] (3)回归分析结果表明:时间上,只有储存10~12个月与储存1~3个月形成显著性差异,储存10~12个月显著低于储存1~3个月;地点上,梅州要显著低于标准地;方式上,只有纸箱方式显著低于内衬袋方式,其它方式则未与内衬袋方式构成显著性差异。 [0144] (3) The regression analysis results show that: the time, only the storage 10 to 12 months and stored for 1 to 3 months formed a significant difference, the storage 10 to 12 months were significantly lower than stored for 1 to 3 months; Location on Meizhou significantly lower than the standard; the way, only a significantly lower carton lined bags embodiment mode, otherwise it does not constitute a significant difference between the liner bag way.

[0145] 表29再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随储存时间变化的检测结果 [0145] Table 29 reconstituted tobacco smoke nicotine with storage time of the detection result

[0146] [0146]

Figure CN106617274AD00211

[0147] 表30再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量随包装方式变化的检测结果 [0147] Table 30 nicotine smoke reconstituted tobacco packaging with the detection result of a change

[0148] [0148]

Figure CN106617274AD00212

[0M9] 表31再造烟叶的烟气烟碱量(mg)方差分析结果[0150] [0M9] Table 31 reconstituted tobacco smoke nicotine (mg) Results Analysis of variance [0150]

Figure CN106617274AD00213

[0152] 表32不同因素之间的相互影响分析(烟气烟碱量mg) [0152] interaction between the different factors in Table 32 Analysis (nicotine smoke mg)

[0153] [0153]

Figure CN106617274AD00221

[0154] aR Squared =.779 (Adjusted R Squared =.448) [0154] aR Squared = .779 (Adjusted R Squared = .448)

[0155] 表33相关系数3 [0155] Table 33 correlation coefficient 3

[0156] [0156]

Figure CN106617274AD00222

[0157] [0157]

Figure CN106617274AD00231

[0158] a .Dependent Variable:烟气烟喊量mg [0158] a .Dependent Variable: Tobacco smoke call content mg

[0159] 3.烟气烟碱量与劲头的相关性 [0159] 3. The amount of nicotine smoke momentum correlation

[0160] 对于GDT-3产品而言,烟气烟碱量与劲头之间呈现显著的正相关关系,其相关系数为0.514,在5%的显著性水平下具有显著性。 [0160] For the products, GDT-3, showed a significant positive correlation between the amount of smoke and nicotine strength, the correlation coefficient was 0.514, significant at the 5% significance level.

[0161] 进一步地,回归分析结果表明:拟合优度为0.264,烟气烟碱量对劲头有显著的正向影响,具体而言,不考虑其它因素的情况下,当烟气烟碱量每增加1个单位时,劲头评分会提高2.646个单位。 [0161] Further, the regression analysis showed that: goodness of fit 0.264, smoke nicotine has significant positive impact on the momentum, specifically, without considering other factors, the amount of nicotine when the flue gas every increase of one unit, will increase the momentum score 2.646 units.

[0162] 特别地,与其它产品不同,将焦油量、烟气烟碱量与劲头的逐步回归结果表明:劲头受到烟气烟碱量的作用更加大。 [0162] In particular, unlike other products, will gradually return to the amount of tar, nicotine and smoke results show momentum: momentum subjected to a greater amount of nicotine smoke.

[0163] 表34相关性 [0163] Table 34 correlation

[0164] [0164]

Figure CN106617274AD00232

[0165] Correlation is significant at the O.Ollevel (2-tailed). [0165] Correlation is significant at the O.Ollevel (2-tailed).

[0166] 表35相关系数3 [0166] Table 35 correlation coefficient 3

[0167] [0167]

Figure CN106617274AD00233

[0168] a .Dependent Variable:劲头 [0168] a .Dependent Variable: momentum

[0169] 实验证明,应用本发明方法明确合理地确定再造烟叶最佳储存周期和时期,保障再造烟叶的劲头最足,同时检测再造烟叶没有霉变情况发生。 [0169] Experiments show that the method of this invention clearly and reasonably determine the optimum storage period and reconstituted tobacco periods, to protect the most adequate momentum reconstituted tobacco, reconstituted tobacco simultaneous detection of no mildew happens. 从而有利于控制卷烟产品的质量稳定性,规避由于再造烟叶不同仓储周期品质状况不同造成的卷烟劲头波动的风险, 并优化储存配置,有效控制原料管理及仓储相关费用。 Thus contributing to the stability of cigarette products quality control, risk aversion due to the recycling of different storage periods of different quality tobacco leaf situation caused by cigarette momentum fluctuations, and optimize the storage configuration, the effective control of raw materials management and warehousing and associated costs.

Claims (3)

1. 一种提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法,其特征在于,是将再造烟叶经过4~9个月的仓库储存后再用于加工使用。 A method of storing tobacco lifting momentum of recycling, characterized in that the reconstituted tobacco is 4 to 9 after warehouse storage months before use for processing.
2. 根据权利要求1所述提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法,其特征在于,是将再造烟叶经过7~9个月的仓库储存后再用于加工使用。 2.1 the lifting momentum of tobacco recycling storage method, wherein, after the reconstituted tobacco is warehousing 7-9 months after use for processing claims.
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述提升再造烟叶劲头的储存方法,其特征在于,所述再造烟叶的包装方式为纸箱内附加内衬袋的包装方式。 According to claim 1 or 2, the lifting of the momentum storage method reconstituted tobacco, characterized in that said reconstituted tobacco packaging cartons within an additional embodiment of the liner bag.
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CN101416771A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-04-29 北京科技大学 Disinsection mold-proof method with no effect on tobacco mellowing
CN101632490A (en) * 2009-08-06 2010-01-27 河南省科学院同位素研究所有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf and green mould proof method of products thereof
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