CN106614389A - Method of waterfowl manure resource utilization - Google Patents

Method of waterfowl manure resource utilization Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106614389A
CN106614389A CN201610855939.5A CN201610855939A CN106614389A CN 106614389 A CN106614389 A CN 106614389A CN 201610855939 A CN201610855939 A CN 201610855939A CN 106614389 A CN106614389 A CN 106614389A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
planting soil
waterfowl
room
space
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610855939.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闵莉静
张立钦
吴酬飞
叶建仁
吴小芹
赵根
潘国祥
李阳
姚轻舟
徐曦
刘宽
秦嘉玲
王旺颖
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Huzhou University
Original Assignee
Huzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huzhou University filed Critical Huzhou University
Priority to CN201610855939.5A priority Critical patent/CN106614389A/en
Publication of CN106614389A publication Critical patent/CN106614389A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/05Treatments involving invertebrates, e.g. worms, flies or maggots
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of the animal husbandry and aquaculture industry, in particular to a method of waterfowl manure resource utilization. The method comprises the following steps: (1) collecting waterfowl manure in a waterfowl water bathing pool and a waterfowl housing and placing the waterfowl manure in a room; (2) placing planting soil in the room, throwing earthworms in the room and then maintaining the humidity in the room at a range of 65%-75% and maintaining the temperature in the room at a range of 18-25 DEG C; (3) throwing crushed crop in the room regularly, collecting the crop from the soil collecting source of the planting soil, and after 10-15 days, adding , by weight,0.5-1 part of the planting oil into the room; (4) after 10-15 days, adding another, by weight, 0.5-1 part of the planting oil into the room; (5) after 10-15 days, using manure mixture mixed with earthworms as fertilizer to add into the soil collecting source of the planting soil and the soil collecting source of the planting soil is one of the waterfowl activity places. The method of waterfowl manure resource utilization is capable of helping the waterfowl manure finish fermentation rapidly and meanwhile feeds the earthworms well, which is suitable for adoption as the waterfowl and fruits and vegetables are bred together.

Description

The method that aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized
Technical field
The invention belongs to livestock breeding industry technical field, the method that more particularly to a kind of aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized.
Background technology
The cultivation of aquatic bird has good environmental adaptability, resistance to roughage, the low feature of cold-resistant, disease-resistant, sickness rate, and its cultivation is produced Product compared with other meat productss, with lower feedstuff-meat ratio, thus China major part rural area have raising.In recent years, With China's expanding economy and the raising of living standards of the people, domestic market is continuously increased to the demand of aquatic bird product, propulsion The fast development of aquatic bird aquaculture, large quantities of scales, industrialization plant, breeding enterprise are grown up rapid, particularly southern water The wider area of domain area, aquatic bird cultivation has become rural area pillar industry.
However, with the enhancing of people's environmental consciousness, the extensive environmental problem for causing of raising causes extensive concern.Brid guano Discharge wantonly and improper process, cause the pollution at soil and water source, directly using undressed brid guano as fruit and vegerable fertilizer Using the risk that new cause of disease can be brought to soil.It is to be fermented to obtain biogas that prior art processes the method for animal wastes.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method that aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized, by by aquatic bird feces and planting soil As the base material of vermiculture after proportioning, then apply its entirety as fertilizer to growing area, be rapidly completed feces innoxious Process, and become a kind of efficient fertilizer.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme is as follows:A kind of method that aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized, its It is characterised by:Comprise the steps:
(1) brid guano in aquatic bird sea water bath, aquatic bird pouity dwelling place is collected, brid guano is placed in a space;
(2) add planting soil, mix to obtain muck mixture in space, Lumbricuss are thrown in muck mixture, afterwards Keep the humidity in space in 65-75%, keep the temperature in space between 18-25 DEG C, the ratio that is put into of planting soil is:1 weight The planting soil of 1-2 weight portions is added in the brid guano of part;
(3) crop of crushing is periodically put in space, crop is taken from the source of fetching earth of planting soil, adds again after 10-15 days The planting soil of 0.5-1 weight portions is to space;
(4) planting soil of 0.5-1 weight portions is added after 10-15 days again to space;
(5) the muck mixture for being mixed with Lumbricuss is applied to the source of fetching earth of planting soil, source of fetching earth as fertilizer after 10-15 days One of playground for aquatic bird.
Used as improvement, the crop of the step (3) is straw, melon and fruit, weeds.
Used as improvement, the way of addition planting soil is in the step (3):Planting soil is uniformly laid on muck mixture Surface.
Used as improvement, the way of addition planting soil is in the step (4):Planting soil is uniformly laid on step (3) to add Plus planting soil surface.
The brid guano of the application is collected from aquatic bird sea water bath bottom, aquatic bird pouity dwelling place.The brid guano of aquatic bird sea water bath is due to through water Immersion, prior to other fowl droppings fermentings, and other brid guanos can be promoted also to ferment ahead of time, 1-2 weight is added in the brid guano of 1 weight portion The planting soil of part, along with the activity of Lumbricuss, enables brid guano to be rapidly completed fermentation.The addition of planting soil second, third time is equal To be applied directly to be not stirred on muck mixture, the technical characteristic one is to make its rapid fermentation to cover muck mixture, But in order that Lumbricuss adapt to the environment of planting soil.After muck mixture is as overall applying to growing area, Lumbricuss adapt to The environment of planting soil, can very well complete chesson effect, one of the playground that source is aquatic bird of fetching earth, and Lumbricuss are also aquatic bird Food.The program can make brid guano fat up Lumbricuss while being rapidly completed fermentation, be adapted to be adopted when aquatic bird is raised together with fruit and vegerable.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized, comprises the steps:
(1) brid guano in aquatic bird sea water bath, aquatic bird pouity dwelling place is collected, brid guano is placed in a space;
(2) add planting soil, mix to obtain muck mixture in space, Lumbricuss are thrown in muck mixture, afterwards Keep the humidity in space in 65-75%, keep the temperature in space between 18-25 DEG C, the ratio that is put into of planting soil is:1 weight The planting soil of 1-2 weight portions is added in the brid guano of part;
(3) periodically put into the crop of crushing in space, crop takes from the source of fetching earth of planting soil, crop be straw, melon and fruit, Weeds, add again the planting soil of 0.5-1 weight portions to space after 10-15 days, the addition manner of planting soil is:Planting soil is equal The even surface for being laid on muck mixture;
(4) planting soil of 0.5-1 weight portions is added after 10-15 days again to space, the addition manner of planting soil is:To plant Plant the surface that soil is uniformly laid on the planting soil of step (3) addition;
(5) the muck mixture for being mixed with Lumbricuss is applied to the source of fetching earth of planting soil, source of fetching earth as fertilizer after 10-15 days One of playground for aquatic bird.
Brid guano is processed using this method, the fermentation time of brid guano is 30-45 days, and than conventional fermentation mode 10-15 is done sth. in advance My god.Brid guano by fermentation not only realizes harmless treatment, and the source of fetching earth of planting soil is again the plantation place of fruit and vegerable, is made The fertilizer product for finally obtaining is particularly suitable for the source of fetching earth and uses.The tendril class fruit and vegerable growing way planted using the innoxious fertilizer Good, yield can improve 15.8-20.4%, and soil-borne disease incidence rate can reduce 16.8-22.5%, and fruit and vegerable price can float 10- 15%, sales situation in the market is good.
The culture-cycle of Lumbricuss is generally 60 days, and is only needed 30-45 days using this method, and Lumbricuss incubation rate improves 8.5- 13.4%.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of method that aquatic bird dung recovery is utilized, it is characterised in that:Comprise the steps:
(1) brid guano in aquatic bird sea water bath, aquatic bird pouity dwelling place is collected, brid guano is placed in a space;
(2) add planting soil, mix to obtain muck mixture in space, Lumbricuss are thrown in muck mixture, keep afterwards The humidity in space keeps the temperature in space between 18-25 DEG C in 65-75%, and the ratio that is put into of planting soil is:1 weight portion The planting soil of 1-2 weight portions is added in brid guano;
(3) crop of crushing is periodically put in space, crop is taken from the source of fetching earth of planting soil, adds 0.5-1 after 10-15 days again The planting soil of weight portion is to space;
(4) planting soil of 0.5-1 weight portions is added after 10-15 days again to space;
(5) the muck mixture for being mixed with Lumbricuss is applied to the source of fetching earth of planting soil as fertilizer after 10-15 days, fetches earth source for water One of playground of fowl.
2. the method that aquatic bird dung recovery as claimed in claim 1 is utilized, it is characterised in that:The crop of the step (3) For straw, melon and fruit, weeds.
3. the method that aquatic bird dung recovery as claimed in claim 1 is utilized, it is characterised in that:Addition in the step (3) The way of planting soil is:Planting soil is uniformly laid on the surface of muck mixture.
4. the method that aquatic bird dung recovery as claimed in claim 1 is utilized, it is characterised in that:Addition in the step (4) The way of planting soil is:Planting soil is uniformly laid on the surface of the planting soil of step (3) addition.
CN201610855939.5A 2016-09-19 2016-09-19 Method of waterfowl manure resource utilization Pending CN106614389A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201610855939.5A CN106614389A (en) 2016-09-19 2016-09-19 Method of waterfowl manure resource utilization

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Publications (1)

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CN106614389A true CN106614389A (en) 2017-05-10

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108675583A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-10-19 沈阳大学 A kind of feces of livestock and poultry quick treatment device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557370A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-11 富阳市诚龙蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for treating biochemical sludge or poultry and livestock manure by using earthworm
CN103073343A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-01 李庆康 Low-carbon, environment-friendly and efficient organic vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104335729A (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-02-11 天津贾立明蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for remediating soil by earthworms
CN104556600A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 唐华烨 Systematic method for treating livestock/poultry manure and domestic sludge

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557370A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-11 富阳市诚龙蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for treating biochemical sludge or poultry and livestock manure by using earthworm
CN103073343A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-01 李庆康 Low-carbon, environment-friendly and efficient organic vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104335729A (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-02-11 天津贾立明蚯蚓养殖有限公司 Method for remediating soil by earthworms
CN104556600A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 唐华烨 Systematic method for treating livestock/poultry manure and domestic sludge

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108675583A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-10-19 沈阳大学 A kind of feces of livestock and poultry quick treatment device

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