CN106614218A - Fish farming system and method for water treatment of fish farming - Google Patents

Fish farming system and method for water treatment of fish farming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106614218A
CN106614218A CN201510463010.3A CN201510463010A CN106614218A CN 106614218 A CN106614218 A CN 106614218A CN 201510463010 A CN201510463010 A CN 201510463010A CN 106614218 A CN106614218 A CN 106614218A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
fish
breeding
pool unit
unit
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Application number
CN201510463010.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建华
王芳
刘扬
胡鹏
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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Application filed by China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research filed Critical China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Priority to CN201510463010.3A priority Critical patent/CN106614218A/en
Publication of CN106614218A publication Critical patent/CN106614218A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices

Abstract

The invention provides a fish farming system and a method for water treatment of fish farming. The fish farming system includes a machine shop which is provided with multi-row fishpond groups and every row of the fishpond group is provided with a plurality of fishpond units, and a plurality of microbial treatment systems are connected with the fishpond units. The microbial treatment systems utilize the aquaculture water in the fishpond units to cultivate beneficial microorganism PGRP which has antagonistic effect on the pathogen. And then return the clean water to the fish pond units. A water outlet is arranged at the bottom of each fishpond unit. Every fishpond unit is provided with two inlets, wherein one of the inlets is connected with a high-level reservoir containing a mixture of groundwater and seawater, and the other inlet is connected with the microbial treatment system. The fish farming system and method for water treatment of fish farming has the advantages of water saving and pollution reduction, which is capable of effectively reducing the intakes of seawater and underground hot water, decreasing the amount of aquaculture waste water, achieving the effect of water-saving and pollution-reducing. The fish farming system and method for water treatment of fish farming provides strong support for the implementation of water ecological civilization construction in coastal areas.

Description

A kind of fish farming system and breeding water body processing method of breeding fish
Technical field
The present invention relates to strand cultivation field, more particularly to a kind of fish farming system and breeding water body process side of breeding fish Method.
Background technology
Cynoglossus semilaevis (Cynoglossus semilaevis Gunther) are that Bay areas are distinctive a kind of economical The characteristics of fish, wide warm, wide salt of tool and adaptation changeable environment condition, 3.5-32 DEG C of suitable temperature range, most suitable water 14-24 DEG C of temperature, proper salinity level 14-33 ‰.
Cynoglossus semilaevis natural resources amount is few, delicious deliciousness, and dressing percentage is high, smooth in taste, the flesh of fish boil long and not Always, without fishy smell and peculiar smell, high protein is belonged to, it is nutritious.Cynoglossus semilaevis fast growth, food level Low, energy lower oxygen concentration resistance, disease is few, is adapted to be cultivated in current Isolated from Diseased Scophthalmus maximus, the booth of lefteye flounder, is current Most potential batch production and native pool cultivated seawater kind.
Existing industrial aquaculture pattern amount of groundwater mining is big
At present during Bay areas such as Tianjin, the strand industrial aquaculture in Shandong Binzhou, need to keep Water body is cleaned, normal temperature seawater cultivation day quantity of exchanged water 300~500%, and summer high temperature time quantity of exchanged water is 500~ 800%, low temperature winter, quantity of exchanged water time may decrease to 200~300%.
At present most cynoglossus semilaevis cultivation factory is mixed using exploitation water table aquifer geothermal water with extracting seawater Posterior circle is used, and can be described as energy-saving fish farming shop.Such as in Shandong Binzhou Prefecture, according to autumn and winter underground 36 DEG C of hot water water temperature (winter), 11 DEG C of seawater cold water water temperature, according to 20 DEG C of cultivation of water temperature, need to carry out two kinds Source water mixes.The plant of Shandong Bay areas Cynoglossus semilaevis is numerous, and a large amount of underground water will be extracted every year. Due to local long-term its excessive exploitation of groundwater, salt water on the one hand can be caused to trace back, on the other hand will cause surface subsidence Deng geological disaster, the ecological environment of locality is directly compromised.
The content of the invention
A large amount of underground water are breeded fish used in order to overcome prior art, cause the technical problem of ecological damage, The invention provides a kind of fish farming system and breeding water body processing method of breeding fish.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
The invention provides a kind of fish farming system, including:
Workshop;
Multiple rows of crawl group is set in the workshop, and often arranging crawl group includes multiple pool units of breeding fish;
Multiple microbe treatment systems, connect with the pool unit of breeding fish;The microbe treatment system is utilized The breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit carries out the beneficial microorganism PGRP for having antagonism to pathogen After culture, by pool unit of breeding fish described in cleaning water body return;
Breed fish described in each bottom of pool unit is provided with discharge outlet;Pool unit of breeding fish described in each includes two Water inlet, wherein water inlet connection accommodates the high-level reservoir of the mixing water of geothermal water and seawater described in one, Wherein another water inlet connects the microbe treatment system.
Furthermore, it is understood that in described fish farming system, the workshop includes:
Multiple booths arranged in parallel;
Include two row's crawl groups in each described booth, microorganism is provided between crawl group described in two rows Processing system.
Furthermore, it is understood that in described fish farming system, the microbe treatment system includes:
Ecological response pond;
Suction pump, for the breeding water body in pool unit of breeding fish described in continuous drawing, and is carried out to breeding water body Continuous aeration;
Reactor, the breeding water body after peristaltic pump pressurization carries out water distribution from the top of the reactor, described anti- The bottom for answering device conveys cleaning water body in the pool unit of breeding fish;
There are the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers of antagonism to pathogen, be invested in the ecological response pond Interior, the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers for having antagonism to pathogen are sought using slow release method sustainable supply Foster material.
Furthermore, it is understood that in described fish farming system, pool unit is breeded fish described in each for cuboid, it is described to support The bottom of fishpond unit is infundibulate, and the dash post with filtering mesh is provided with the discharge outlet.
Furthermore, it is understood that in described fish farming system, the roofing in the workshop is incubated self waterproofing using steel plate Roof boarding, the wall body in the workshop grouts porous shale brick using cement bonded sand, and the exterior wall in the workshop is equipped with Heat-insulation layer, the door and window in the workshop adopts heat insulation glass.
The breeding water body processing method present invention also offers one kind is breeded fish, including:
The fry that predetermined quantity is put in a pool unit of breeding fish starts cultivation, the supporting in pool unit of breeding fish Water body is grown for underground water and the mixing water of seawater;
Breeding water body in crawl unit is extracted, then will carry out having antagonism to pathogen to breeding water body The pool unit of breeding fish is passed through again after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of effect;
The beneficial microorganism PGRP for carrying out having pathogen antagonism to the water circulation in pool unit of breeding fish After cultivating for first scheduled time, the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit is changed.
Furthermore, it is understood that described breeds fish in breeding water body processing method, to the water circulation in pool unit of breeding fish After carrying out having pathogen beneficial microorganism PGRP first scheduled times of culture of antagonism, to breeding fish Water in pool unit also includes after being changed:
After starting to cultivate for second scheduled time, time-out is extracted the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit, Suspend the cultivation water body weight for carrying out having after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of antagonism to pathogen simultaneously Newly it is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish;
Using medicine the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit is carried out medicine it is degerming and cleaning;
Restart to extract the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit, and breeding water body is carried out it is right The beneficial microorganism PGRP that pathogen has antagonism is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish again after cultivating.
Furthermore, it is understood that described breeds fish in breeding water body processing method, by the cultivation water in crawl unit Body is extracted, the beneficial microorganism PGRP trainings that then will carry out having pathogen antagonism to breeding water body Again it is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish after supporting to be specially:
Breeding water body after cultivating one day in crawl unit is extracted;
Breeding water body to extracting carries out the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures for having antagonism to pathogen;
Breed fish in pool unit described in the breeding water body return that the cleaning after aeration oxygen replenishing is carried out to breeding water body.
Furthermore, it is understood that described breeds fish in breeding water body processing method, the medicine includes:Hydrogen peroxide, Formaldehyde, occrycetin and norfloxacin hydrochloride solvent.
Furthermore, it is understood that described breeds fish in breeding water body processing method, the water breeded fish in pool unit Temperature is 19-20 DEG C, and the salinity of the water breeded fish in pool unit is 1.2-1.4 ‰.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The fish farming system of the present invention subtracts dirt with water saving, and it is right to efficiently reduce Coastal region seawater and the geothermal water amount of taking, reduce breeding wastewater yield, reach water saving and subtract dirty effect, It is a powerful support for implementing coastal region Ecology civilization construction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 represents the floor map of fish farming system in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 represents the flow chart of breeding water body processing method of breeding fish in the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It is below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specifically real to make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer Apply example to describe the present invention.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of fish farming system, including:Workshop;Arrange in workshop many Row's crawl group, often arranging crawl group includes multiple pool units 1 of breeding fish;Multiple microbe treatment systems 2, with Pool unit 1 of breeding fish is connected;It is right that microbe treatment system 2 is carried out using the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit 1 Pathogen has after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of antagonism, and cleaning water body is returned into pool unit of breeding fish; The bottom of each pool unit 1 of breeding fish is provided with discharge outlet;Each pool unit 1 of breeding fish includes two water inlets, The connection of a wherein water inlet accommodates the high-level reservoir of the mixing water of geothermal water and seawater, wherein another water inlet Mouth connection microbe treatment system.
In the fish farming system of the present invention, using microbe treatment system 2, by crawl unit 1 for supporting The breeding water body of fish carries out PGPR cultures, and the cleaning water body after culture is returned to breeds fish in pool unit, So as to greatly reduce breed fish during to seawater and the usage amount of underground water.
Workshop includes:Multiple booth D1 arranged in parallel, D2, D3, D4;Include two rows in each booth Crawl group, between two row's crawl groups microbe treatment system 2 is provided with.Roofing in workshop adopts steel plate Insulation self waterproofing roof boarding, the wall body in workshop grouts porous shale brick using cement bonded sand, and the exterior wall in workshop is added The door and window for having heat-insulation layer, workshop adopts heat insulation glass so that workshop wainscot is corrosion-resistant, the wall tool in workshop There is good heat-insulating property, be conducive to the holding of temperature in workshop, reduce energy ezpenditure.Breed fish pool unit 1 For cuboid, the bottom of pool unit of breeding fish is infundibulate, and the dash with filtering mesh is provided with discharge outlet Post, fish is flushed away when preventing from changing water.
Microbe treatment system includes:Ecological response pond;Suction pump, breeds fish in pool unit for continuous drawing Breeding water body, and continuous aeration is carried out to breeding water body, increase the oxygen content in water;Reactor, wriggles Breeding water body after pump pressurization carries out water distribution from the top of reactor, and the bottom of reactor is to breeding fish in pool unit Conveying cleaning water body;There are the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers of antagonism to pathogen, be invested in ecology In reaction tank, the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers for having antagonism to pathogen are continued using slow release method Supply nutriment, it is ensured that safely and effectively to carrying out the supply of lasting nutriment in ecological reaction tank.
As a example by a kind of detailed design of fish farming system that the present invention is provided, construction to fish farming system of the present invention and Function describes in detail.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1, the fish farming system designed in the present embodiment, 80 meters of workshop overall length, 52 meters of beam overall, Using steel roof truss, roofing is incubated self waterproofing roof boarding using steel plate, insulation layer thickness 75mm, and with interior Exempt to drip condensed water function.The wall body in workshop grouts porous shale brick using cement bonded sand, thick 240mm, workshop Exterior wall adds 50mm thick insulation layers, door and window to adopt heat insulation glass.Workshop is designed using booth type, can design 4 Individual booth D1, D2, D3 and D4.Along longitudinal double-row crawl group, each crawl group is arranged one booth 10 pool units 1 of breeding fish, amount to 80 cultivation fish pond units 1 in workshop.
Cultivation fish pond unit 1 be rectangle, a length of 7m, a width of 5.5m, the high 0.6m in pond, using cement brick Build structure and have ceramic tile to lay.Cultivation fish pond bottom is in gentle slope infundibulate, and the gentle slope gradient is 8 °, in the middle of fishpond For delivery port, and with the flower pattern dash post for being furnished with filtering mesh, it is flushed away with preventing from changing cultured fishes during water It is lost in.
There are two separate water inlets in workshop in each fishpond unit 1, one connects high-level reservoir outside workshop, High-level reservoir water is geothermal water and sea water mixing water;Another connection microbe treatment system, wherein Microbe treatment system is a kind of circular water treating system for including restoration of the ecosystem (ISSA PGPR) device in situ, Breeding wastewater from microbe treatment system after microbiological treatment reenter circulate in pool unit of breeding fish toward It is multiple;Filtration cycle system is precipitated outside the unified connection factory of drainage system.
The breeding water body processing method present invention also offers one kind is breeded fish, including:Step 100, breeds fish at one The fry that predetermined quantity is put in pool unit starts cultivation, and the breeding water body that this is breeded fish in pool unit is underground water With the mixing water of seawater;Step 200, the breeding water body in crawl unit is extracted, then will be to cultivation water Body is carried out having pathogen after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of antagonism and is passed through pool unit of breeding fish again; Step 300, the beneficial microorganism for carrying out having pathogen antagonism to the water circulation in pool unit of breeding fish After PGRP cultivated for first scheduled time, the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit is changed.
Also include, after starting to cultivate for second scheduled time, time-out carries out the breeding water body in crawl unit Extract, while suspending the cultivation for carrying out having after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of antagonism to pathogen Water body is passed through pool unit of breeding fish again;Realize go it is degerming during, holding breed fish pool unit in one seal In the environment for closing, do not connected with microbe treatment system.
Using medicine the breeding water body in pool unit of breeding fish is carried out medicine it is degerming and cleaning;
Restart the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit to extract, and breeding water body is carried out to cause of disease The beneficial microorganism PGRP that bacterium has antagonism is passed through pool unit of breeding fish again after cultivating.Above step reality Now to the degerming of pool unit of breeding fish and cleaning.
Wherein step 200 also includes:Breeding water body after cultivating one day in crawl unit is extracted;To taking out The breeding water body for taking carries out the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures for having antagonism to pathogen;To cultivation water Body carries out the return of the cleaning breeding water body after aeration oxygen replenishing and breeds fish in pool unit.
The temperature of the water breeded fish in pool unit is 19-20 DEG C, and the salinity of the water breeded fish in pool unit is 1.2-1.4 ‰.
Specifically, ISSA PGPR original positions ecological reestablishment refers to each needed for activation original position PGPR Nutriment (carbon source, trace element, amino acid and other carriers) is planted by nanometer technology and micro- coating technology system Into evengranular restoration of the ecosystem agent, throw in the artificial ecological response pond set up, while using sustained release skill Art is continuously available to these nutriments the PGPR microorganisms in water environment, so that the micro- lifes of PGPR Thing is continuously activated and quickly bred, and the eutrophy of water environment is reduced by effective food chain The concentration of material, so as to reach a kind of technology of water environment restoration of the ecosystem purpose.This microbial acclimation scheme In, take using ISSA PGPR devices, the breeding water body in crawl unit is extracted, adopt and take out Pump power is 25-37kw, and continuum micromeehanics, continuous aeration, raw water passes through reactor top Jing after peristaltic pump pressurization Portion's water-locator carries out water distribution, and pool unit of breeding fish, so circulation are returned repeatedly from reactor bottom.
This method is specially:
When starting cultivation, the fry that predetermined quantity is put in a pool unit of breeding fish starts cultivation, and this is breeded fish Breeding water body in pool unit is the mixing water of underground water and seawater.When single pond is run, fishpond of breeding fish maintains just Normal cultivation density, 2000 (15cm length)/mono- ponds.
Breeding water body in crawl unit is extracted, then will carry out having antagonism to pathogen to breeding water body Pool unit of breeding fish is passed through again after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of effect.By the cultivation water of cultivation fish pond Body enters the ISSA PGPR devices top in microbe treatment system by peristaltic pump, by microbial cleaning After process, recycling flows into cultivation fish pond, and acclimation period need to be with 9 days.According to the life habit of Cynoglossus semilaevis, At 19-20 DEG C, cultivation salinity water is controlled in 1.2-1.4 ‰ cultivation temperature control.Acclimated microorganism adopts crawl Breed fish in unit 2000 (15cm length) waste water after one day, it is 0.29mg/L that concrete physical and chemical index is nitrite, Ammonium salt is 0.008mg/L, and nitrate is 0.618mg/L, and COD is 3.82mg/L, and SS is 22mg/L, Phosphate is 0.028mg/L, total phosphorus 0.052mg/L.
The beneficial microorganism PGRP for carrying out having pathogen antagonism to the water circulation in pool unit of breeding fish After cultivating for first scheduled time, the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit is changed.The circulating treating system After normal cultivation 9 days, seawater mixing of fresh water need to be carried out and change water.
After starting to cultivate for second scheduled time, time-out is extracted the breeding water body in crawl unit, together When suspend the breeding water body after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures for carrying out having pathogen antagonism again It is passed through pool unit of breeding fish;The breeding water body in pool unit of breeding fish is carried out medicine it is degerming and cleaning;Cleaning is completed Afterwards, restart the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit to extract, and breeding water body is carried out to cause of disease The beneficial microorganism PGRP that bacterium has antagonism is passed through pool unit of breeding fish again after cultivating.System need to be just After often cultivation 18 days, needs are cleaned to pool unit of breeding fish.Due to section parasitic worm such as nematode, cyclops Deng causing Cynoglossus semilaevis skin and tail to fester, it is therefore necessary to periodically degerming to fishpond and cleaning, to ensure Cultivation fish body health.Carry out by pond during cleaning, close the connector of breed fish pool unit and microbe treatment system, Holding breeds fish pool unit after isolation, and degerming cleaning to be done, reconnects cultivation mixing water. And splash respectively in water degerming medicine hydrogen peroxide, formaldehyde, occrycetin and norfloxacin hydrochloride solvent etc..
Cultivation factory fishpond linkage conceptual design.When 80 fishponds are operated together, according to ISSA PGPR process Ability, single bag PGPR fillers can process 26 cultivation fish ponds, 3 bag fillers be needed altogether, after cultivating 3 months Carry out microbe stuffing bag renewal.
Carried out after the process of breeding water body using said method:
(1) water-saving result analysis:The water source of strand cultivation is the mixed of natural sea-water, fresh groundwater and GEOTHERMAL WATER Allotment is closed, water is changed in cultivation to be needed to extract substantial amounts of geothermal water and clean seawater.According to each pool unit of breeding fish Water 2 times is changed daily, i.e. quantity of exchanged water 200% is calculated, a length of 7m of pool unit of breeding fish, a width of 5.5m, the high 0.6m in pond, Average cultivation depth of water 0.28m, single water volume is 10.78m3, according to 20 cultivation fish ponds of a booth, support Grow factory and have 4 booths calculating, water water requirement is changed daily for 1724.8m3/ day.According to autumn and winter underground heat 36 DEG C of water water temperature (winter), 11 DEG C of seawater cold water water temperature, according to 20 DEG C of cultivation of water temperature after cultivation project mixing, Pumping underground hot water 600m is then needed daily3/ day factory, while extracting seawater 1130m3/ day.The sliding-tongue of ground half The plant of sole is numerous, will have substantial amounts of geothermal water and clean seawater to be extracted every year.
Subtracted after dirty strand industrial fish farming Waste Water Treatment using this water saving, exchange water cycle can be substantially reduced, Water can be changed from changing water daily and reducing to 9 days for 2 times once, can effectively protect local groundwater resources and seawater Resource.
(2) dirty effect analysis is subtracted:Due to reducing exchange water cycle, while geothermal water is protected, Greatly reduce breeding wastewater discharge.According to existing breeding way, daily each plant will produce cultivation and give up Water 1724.8m3/ day, it is specially sub- according to 2000 (15cm length) one day concrete physical and chemical index meter of breeding fish Nitrate is 0.29mg/L, and ammonium salt is 0.008mg/L, and nitrate is 0.618mg/L, and COD is 3.82mg/L, SS is 22mg/L, and phosphate is 0.028mg/L, total phosphorus 0.052mg/L;Wherein COD is 3.82mg/L, The index reference《Sea water quality standard》The standard of COD in (GB 3097-1997), close 3rd category Standard, i.e., suitable for general industry Water District, strand Scenic Spot Area, it is difficult to reach direct aquaculture water quality Require.
And after the microbiological treatment of ISSA PGPR technologies, at the same time under the conditions of bait throwing in, compare and do not enter The cultivation water of row microbiological treatment takes an evident turn for the better.Concrete numerical value is as shown in the table.
As can be seen from the results, wherein topmost reference index COD, under the conditions of normal bait throwing in, no After using microorganism cultivation 5 days, COD is more raised, and 4.68mg/L has been reached, reaches sea water quality standard In the 3rd class, the 4th class seawater, i.e., substantially deteriorate;And adopt breeding water body process side of breeding fish in the present invention Water body after method, COD drops to 3.1mg/L, close sea water quality standard Equations of The Second Kind water, and water quality is obvious To optimization.Seawater resources will be even more protected while aquaculture industry is developed, be protected the marine environment.
The system is designed in terms of construction scheme, microbial acclimation scheme and system operation scheme three, Whole system subtracts dirt with water saving, will efficiently reduce to coastal region seawater and the geothermal water amount of taking, and subtracts Few breeding wastewater yield, reaches water saving and subtracts dirty effect, is implement coastal region Ecology civilization construction one Individual powerful support.
Above-described is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for the ordinary people of the art For member, some improvements and modifications can also be made under the premise of without departing from principle of the present invention, these Improvements and modifications are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fish farming system, it is characterised in that include:
Workshop;
Multiple rows of crawl group is set in the workshop, and often arranging crawl group includes multiple pool units of breeding fish;
Multiple microbe treatment systems, connect with the pool unit of breeding fish;The microbe treatment system is utilized The breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit carries out the beneficial microorganism PGRP for having antagonism to pathogen After culture, by pool unit of breeding fish described in cleaning water body return;
Breed fish described in each bottom of pool unit is provided with discharge outlet;Pool unit of breeding fish described in each includes two Water inlet, wherein water inlet connection accommodates the high-level reservoir of the mixing water of geothermal water and seawater described in one, Wherein another water inlet connects the microbe treatment system.
2. fish farming system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the workshop includes:
Multiple booths arranged in parallel;
Include two row's crawl groups in each described booth, microorganism is provided between crawl group described in two rows Processing system.
3. fish farming system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the microbe treatment system includes:
Ecological response pond;
Suction pump, for the breeding water body in pool unit of breeding fish described in continuous drawing, and is carried out to breeding water body Continuous aeration;
Reactor, the breeding water body after peristaltic pump pressurization carries out water distribution from the top of the reactor, described anti- The bottom for answering device conveys cleaning water body in the pool unit of breeding fish;
There are the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers of antagonism to pathogen, be invested in the ecological response pond Interior, the beneficial microorganism PGRP fillers for having antagonism to pathogen are sought using slow release method sustainable supply Foster material.
4. fish farming system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that pool unit of breeding fish described in each is rectangular Body, the bottom of the pool unit of breeding fish is infundibulate, and the gear with filtering mesh is provided with the discharge outlet Water column.
5. fish farming system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the roofing in the workshop adopts steel plate Insulation self waterproofing roof boarding, the wall body in the workshop grouts porous shale brick using cement bonded sand, the workshop Exterior wall is equipped with heat-insulation layer, and the door and window in the workshop adopts heat insulation glass.
6. one kind is breeded fish breeding water body processing method, it is characterised in that included:
The fry that predetermined quantity is put in a pool unit of breeding fish starts cultivation, the supporting in pool unit of breeding fish Water body is grown for underground water and the mixing water of seawater;
Breeding water body in crawl unit is extracted, then will carry out having antagonism to pathogen to breeding water body The pool unit of breeding fish is passed through again after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of effect;
The beneficial microorganism PGRP for carrying out having pathogen antagonism to the water circulation in pool unit of breeding fish After cultivating for first scheduled time, the breeding water body to breeding fish in pool unit is changed.
7. breed fish as claimed in claim 6 breeding water body processing method, it is characterised in that to pool unit of breeding fish In water circulation carry out having pathogen the beneficial microorganism PGRP of antagonism to cultivate for first scheduled time Afterwards, the water to breeding fish in pool unit also includes after changing:
After starting to cultivate for second scheduled time, time-out is extracted the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit, Suspend the cultivation water body weight for carrying out having after the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures of antagonism to pathogen simultaneously Newly it is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish;Medicine is carried out using medicine to the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit to remove Bacterium and cleaning;
Restart to extract the breeding water body breeded fish in pool unit, and breeding water body is carried out it is right The beneficial microorganism PGRP that pathogen has antagonism is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish again after cultivating.
8. breed fish as claimed in claim 6 breeding water body processing method, it is characterised in that by crawl unit In breeding water body extract, the beneficial micro- life that then will carry out having pathogen antagonism to breeding water body Again it is passed through the pool unit of breeding fish after thing PGRP cultures to be specially:
Breeding water body after cultivating one day in crawl unit is extracted;
Breeding water body to extracting carries out the beneficial microorganism PGRP cultures for having antagonism to pathogen;
Breed fish in pool unit described in the breeding water body return that the cleaning after aeration oxygen replenishing is carried out to breeding water body.
9. fish farming system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the medicine includes:Hydrogen peroxide, first Aldehyde, occrycetin and norfloxacin hydrochloride solvent.
10. breed fish as claimed in claim 6 breeding water body processing method, it is characterised in that the crawl The temperature of the water in unit is 19-20 DEG C, and the salinity of the water breeded fish in pool unit is 1.2-1.4 ‰.
CN201510463010.3A 2015-07-31 2015-07-31 Fish farming system and method for water treatment of fish farming Pending CN106614218A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170510