CN106614213A - Timing nutritive salt putting device - Google Patents

Timing nutritive salt putting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106614213A
CN106614213A CN201611137000.1A CN201611137000A CN106614213A CN 106614213 A CN106614213 A CN 106614213A CN 201611137000 A CN201611137000 A CN 201611137000A CN 106614213 A CN106614213 A CN 106614213A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
nutritive salt
storehouse
valves
timing
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CN201611137000.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106614213B (en
Inventor
周永东
丰美萍
李振华
王忠明
王洋
胡翠林
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浙江省海洋水产研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a timing nutritive salt putting device. The timing nutritive salt putting device is used for solving the problems that manual material feeding is large in workload and tedious and is characterized by comprising a containing bin for storing nutritive salt, a transition bin is arranged below the containing bin, a communicating opening is formed between the containing bin and the transition bin and provided with a first valve, and a discharge port is formed in the lower portion of the transition bin and provided with a second valve; the first valve is in linkage with the second valve, when the first valve is opened, the second valve is closed, when the first valve is closed, the second valve is opened, and the first valve and the second valve are opened and closed periodically. The containing bin is installed on a seawater fixture, the transition bin can effectively prevent seawater from corroding nutritive salt in the containing bin, stability of nutritive salt components is ensured, the nutritive salt is quantificationally put in a timed mode by periodically opening and closing the first valve and the second valve, workload is reduced compared with manual feeding, and labor cost of mussel and seaweed polyculture is reduced.

Description

A kind of nutritive salt timing delivery device
Technical field
The present invention relates to algae culture or cultivation field, and in particular to a kind of nutritive salt timing delivery device.
Background technology
Marine alga and mussel are important natural resources and economic marine products, and marine alga such as fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, seaweed, sea-tangle, undaria pinnitafida etc. are edible With, as feed, the raw material of industry and organic fertilizer, with higher economic worth;Mussel delicious flavour, it is nutritious, It is edible and pharmaceutically acceptable, it is yield surpasses million tons in shellfish important cultivation species.Mussel supports the life that can mutually promote with marine alga set It is long, realize increasing both production and income, environment can be improved, prevent sea area aging and mariculture area eutrophication, not only improved ecological benefits but also Improve economic benefit.
Marine alga fertility is very strong, and the nutriments such as a large amount of N, P can be absorbed in growth course, and this can cause to be sought in seawater Foster salt is not enough, affects phytoplankton, the growth of algae in seawater, the yield for making mussel to be restricted.So in mussel and marine alga When set is supported, the salt that supplements the nutrients in seawater at regular time and quantity is needed, to meet the demand of marine alga and mussel, Manual material feeding is related to meter The a series of activities such as amount, record, if big region aquaculture sea area, in addition it is also necessary to which multiple spot is thrown in, and workload is big and loaded down with trivial details.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as that Manual material feeding workload is big and loaded down with trivial details, the invention provides one kind can be automatically performed feeding intake Nutritive salt timing delivery device.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of nutritive salt timing delivery device, including for storing the receiving storehouse of nutritive salt, the receiving storehouse lower section is provided with transition Storehouse, sets connected entrance and is furnished with a valve between the receiving storehouse and transitional storehouse, and the transitional storehouse lower section sets out material mouth and is furnished with No. two valves;A number valve and No. two valve linkages, No. two valve closings when a valve is opened, a valve No. two valves are opened when door is closed;A number valve and No. two valve cycles are opened and closed.
Ball float is also included, a valve sets a valve element, and No. two valves set No. two valve elements, a valve Core, No. two valve elements are concatenated on valve rod with ball float;The ball float is being located at the incoming tide a high position, and low level is located in ebb tide; The ball float in it is high-order when, a spool jams connected entrance and No. two valve elements are separated with discharging opening, the ball float is in low level When, a valve element is separated and No. two spool jams discharging openings with connected entrance.
A number valve and No. two valves are magnetic valve, also including being fixed on seabed, for a valve and No. two valves The stream generating device of power supply.
The receiving storehouse includes several independent separations, and each described separation is connected with transitional storehouse.
Dog-house is equipped with above each described separation.
The receiving storehouse is cone bottom with the bottom surface of transitional storehouse.
Nutritive salt is inorganic coating class slow release fertilizer in the receiving storehouse.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The receiving storehouse of the present invention is arranged on seawater fixture, be may be provided at and be may also be arranged under sea on sea, or even is arranged In seabed, transitional storehouse can effectively prevent seawater to accommodating the erosion of nutritive salt in storehouse, it is ensured that nutrition salt component is stablized, by week A valve and No. two valves that phase property is opened and closed can realize the input at regular time and quantity of nutritive salt, reduce compared with Manual material feeding Workload, reduces the mussel cost of labor foster with marine alga set.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be in the embodiment of the present invention one ball float be in low level when schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram when ball float is in high-order in the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Accommodate storehouse 1, transitional storehouse 2, ball float 3, a valve element 4, two valve element 5, valve rod 6.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the invention will be further described with embodiment.
In embodiment one, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of nutritive salt timing delivery device, including for storing nutritive salt Storehouse 1 is accommodated, the lower section of the receiving storehouse 1 is provided with transitional storehouse 2, set connected entrance between the receiving storehouse 1 and transitional storehouse 2 and be furnished with No. one Valve, the lower section of the transitional storehouse 2 sets out material mouth and is furnished with No. two valves;A number valve and No. two valve linkages, described one No. two valve closings when number valve is opened, No. two valves are opened during a valve closing;A number valve and No. two valves Door is periodically opened and closed.The receiving storehouse 1 of embodiment one is arranged on seawater fixture and is arranged on more than sea, and the energy of transitional storehouse 2 Seawater is effectively prevented to accommodating the erosion of nutritive salt in storehouse 1, it is ensured that nutrition salt component is stablized, No. opened and closed by periodicity Valve and No. two valves can realize the input at regular time and quantity of nutritive salt, and workload is reduced compared with Manual material feeding, reduce The mussel cost of labor foster with marine alga set.
In embodiment one, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, ball float 3 is also included, a valve sets a valve element 4, described two Number valve sets No. two valve elements 5, and 4, No. two valve elements 5 of a valve element are concatenated on valve rod 6 with ball float 3;The ball float 3 exists A high position is located at the incoming tide, and low level is located in ebb tide;When the ball float 3 is in high-order, a valve element 4 blocks connected entrance and No. two Valve element 5 is separated with discharging opening, and when the ball float 3 is in low level, a valve element is separated and No. two blocking dischargings of valve element 5 with connected entrance Mouthful.4, No. two valve elements 5 of a valve element of embodiment one are installed from top to bottom with ball float 3, now accommodate storehouse 1 be arranged on sea with On, the periodicity that ball float 3 is got damp again as power to realize a valve element 4 and No. two valve elements 5 by the use of flood tide is opened and closed, without the need for being equipped with Power source can realize that nutritive salt is quantitatively rendered to sea by self-timing.
In embodiment one, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the receiving storehouse 1 is cone bottom with the bottom surface of transitional storehouse 2.Embodiment One cone bottom structure is easy to the automatic whereabouts of nutritive salt, prevent blocking or the deposition of nutritive salt.
In embodiment one, the receiving storehouse 1 includes several independent separations, and each described separation connects with transitional storehouse 2 It is logical, it is equipped with dog-house above each described separation.Different nutritive salt can be placed in each separation of embodiment one, can root Different nutritive salt are thrown according to algae type, or various nutritive salt are put into again in water after mixing in transitional storehouse 2.
In embodiment two, as shown in figure 3,3, valve element 4 of ball float is installed from top to bottom with No. two valve elements 5, now accommodate Storehouse 1 is arranged on below sea even seabed, likewise, ball float 3 gets damp again as power to realize a He of valve element 4 by the use of flood tide The periodicity of No. two valve elements 5 is opened and closed, and can realize that self-timing quantitatively renders to nutritive salt in seawater without the need for being equipped with power source; And the concrete depth that nutritive salt is thrown in can be determined according to the fitting depth in storehouse 1 and the length of valve rod 6 is accommodated.
In embodiment three, a valve and No. two valves are magnetic valve, also including being fixed on seabed, for a valve The stream generating device powered with No. two valves.Embodiment three can be applicable in the more rapid environment of subsea current, be by current A number valve and No. two valves improve power.
Nutritive salt is inorganic coating class slow release fertilizer in the receiving storehouse 1 of the present invention, the slow release fertilizer such as preferable bag sulfur fertilizer material, This can make seawater quality more stable, it is to avoid the situation of eutrophication or oligotrophication occur.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is intended to be merely illustrative of the present example, and not to the present invention Embodiment restriction.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make on the basis of the above description The change or variation of other multi-forms.There is no need to give poor example to all of embodiment.And these belong to this The obvious change or variation that the connotation of invention is amplified out still falls within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of nutritive salt timing delivery device, it is characterised in that:Including for storing the receiving storehouse of nutritive salt(1), the appearance Na Cang(1)Lower section is provided with transitional storehouse(2), the receiving storehouse(1)With transitional storehouse(2)Between set connected entrance and be furnished with a valve, The transitional storehouse(2)Lower section sets out material mouth and is furnished with No. two valves;A number valve and No. two valve linkages, a valve No. two valve closings when door is opened, No. two valves are opened during a valve closing;A number valve and No. two valve weeks Phase property is opened and closed.
2. nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include ball float(3), described one Number valve sets a valve element(4), No. two valves set No. two valve elements(5), a valve element(4), No. two valve elements(5)With it is floating Ball(3)Concatenation is arranged on valve rod(6)On;The ball float(3)A high position is being located at the incoming tide, and low level is being located in ebb tide;It is described floating Ball(3)In a high position when, a valve element(4)Blocking connected entrance and No. two valve elements(5)Separate with discharging opening, the ball float(3)Place When low level, a valve element is separated and No. two valve elements with connected entrance(5)Blocking discharging opening.
3. nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:A number valve and No. two valves For magnetic valve, also including the stream generating device for being fixed on seabed, power for a valve and No. two valves.
4. the nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The receiving storehouse(1)Bag Several independent separations are included, each described separation is and transitional storehouse(2)Connection.
5. nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is all provided with above each described separation There is dog-house.
6. the nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The receiving storehouse(1)With Transitional storehouse(2)Bottom surface be cone bottom.
7. nutritive salt timing delivery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The receiving storehouse(1)Middle nutritive salt For inorganic coating class slow release fertilizer.
CN201611137000.1A 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 Nutritive salt regularly puts in device Active CN106614213B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5138978A (en) * 1990-11-09 1992-08-18 Reid Bruce A Aquatic animal feeding assembly
CN2390403Y (en) * 1999-08-06 2000-08-09 牛诚华 Milk cow health watering equipment
US6109210A (en) * 1998-07-23 2000-08-29 Nasser; Frank Fish feeding device and game
CN201207849Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-03-18 韩叶平 Dog water drinking device
CN102138541A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-08-03 杭州电子科技大学 Shallow sea pipeline seafloor nutrient salt gas injecting and elevating device
CN203735259U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-30 林茹丹 Automatic bait feeding device of fish tank
CN105605292A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-05-25 朱卫清 Liquid mid-set limited emission control device
CN205250083U (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-05-25 巫溪县才志伟养殖有限公司 Simple and easy automatic drinking bowl

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5138978A (en) * 1990-11-09 1992-08-18 Reid Bruce A Aquatic animal feeding assembly
US6109210A (en) * 1998-07-23 2000-08-29 Nasser; Frank Fish feeding device and game
CN2390403Y (en) * 1999-08-06 2000-08-09 牛诚华 Milk cow health watering equipment
CN201207849Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-03-18 韩叶平 Dog water drinking device
CN102138541A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-08-03 杭州电子科技大学 Shallow sea pipeline seafloor nutrient salt gas injecting and elevating device
CN203735259U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-30 林茹丹 Automatic bait feeding device of fish tank
CN205250083U (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-05-25 巫溪县才志伟养殖有限公司 Simple and easy automatic drinking bowl
CN105605292A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-05-25 朱卫清 Liquid mid-set limited emission control device

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