CN106612814A - Sugarcane planter - Google Patents

Sugarcane planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106612814A
CN106612814A CN201611225180.9A CN201611225180A CN106612814A CN 106612814 A CN106612814 A CN 106612814A CN 201611225180 A CN201611225180 A CN 201611225180A CN 106612814 A CN106612814 A CN 106612814A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
film
sugarcane
covering
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611225180.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张坚敏
李孟洪
黄亦其
黄智刚
黄体森
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Guangxi Double High
Original Assignee
Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Guangxi Double High
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Guangxi Double High filed Critical Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Guangxi Double High
Priority to CN201611225180.9A priority Critical patent/CN106612814A/en
Publication of CN106612814A publication Critical patent/CN106612814A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C14/00Methods or apparatus for planting not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0287Devices for laying-out or removing ground coverings

Abstract

The invention discloses a sugarcane planter, and belongs to the technical field of sugarcane planting. The sugarcane planter comprises a rack, walking wheels, a fertilizing device, a soil pulverizing and ditching device, a seed guiding box and a film covering mechanism, wherein the walking wheels, the fertilizing device, the soil pulverizing and ditching device, the seed guiding box and the film covering mechanism are all connected with the rack; a hydraulic driving device is arranged on the front end of the rack; the fertilizing device is arranged on the front end of the rack; the soil pulverizing and ditching device is arranged under the fertilizing device; the film covering mechanism is arranged on the rear end of the rack; the walking wheels are positioned between the fertilizing device and the film covering mechanism; the seed guiding box is positioned between the fertilizing device and the film covering mechanism; the seed guiding box is internally provided with conveying devices; the conveying devices are connected with the hydraulic driving device; a line separating device which is connected with the bottom part of the rack is also arranged under the seed guiding box. According to the sugarcane planter disclosed by the invention, sugarcane seeds can fall into two lines of seed placement ditches, so that two-line planting is realized, and the planting efficiency is increased; during a planting process, a whole main support can be raised up, so that mulching film wheels and mulching films can skip soil lumps, and the mulching films are prevented from being scraped.

Description

A kind of sugarcane planting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to cane planting technical field, and in particular to a kind of sugarcane planting machine.
Background technology
Sugarcane is the raw material for manufacturing sucrose, and sucrose is used as table sugar, is food additives important in life, therefore, Improve sugarcane yield and then raising sucrose yield is significant.No longer by artificial in current establishing in large scale sugarcane And be changed to be planted using sugarcane planting machine, sugarcane planting machine can simultaneously realize the work(such as ditching, ridging, seeding, fertilising and overlay film Can, compare artificial growth and greatly save implantation time, improve operating efficiency.Therefore, various sugarcane kinds are had been disclosed now The delivery board (or scraper plate) of sugarcane runner assembly that send in plant machine, but most sugarcane planting machine is called the steel plate materialses system using hard Into this easily damages or fracture the sprout grown in sugarcane section, causes sugarcane survival rate low, and sugarcane yield declines.
Traditional mulch film is installed, and is the circular hole that ground film roller passes through on mulch film supporting plate, and frame is on mulch film supporting plate.Mulch film with There is a certain distance on ground.During work, with the laying of mulch film, mulch film external diameter is less and less, and distance of the mulch film away from ground is more next It is bigger, it is easy to cause mulch film damaged.
The content of the invention
For the problems referred to above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of sugarcane planting machine, the sugarcane planting machine can improve kind Efficiency is planted, and can be avoided very stiff and demanding with large clod and be damaged mulch film wheel and break mulch film.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of sugarcane planting machine, including frame and be connected with the frame road wheel, fertilizer apparatus, soil crushing furrowing dress Put, film-covering mechanism and lead kind of a case, the frame front end is provided with fluid pressure drive device, the liquid of the fluid pressure drive device and tractor Pressure output oil pipe is connected;, located at the front end of the frame, the soil crushing furrowing device is located at the fertilising dress for the fertilizer apparatus The lower rear put, located at the rear end of the frame, the film-covering mechanism is by spring buffer and the machine for the film-covering mechanism Frame connects, and one end of the spring buffer is hinged with the frame, the other end of the spring buffer and the laminating machine Structure connects;The road wheel is located at the lower section of the frame and between the fertilizer apparatus and the film-covering mechanism;It is described Kind of case is led in the frame and between the fertilizer apparatus and film-covering mechanism, the top and bottom for leading kind of case is divided Charge seed mouth and sowing port are not provided with, described leading be provided with kind of case conveying mechanism, the conveying mechanism is including two rotating shafts, located at institute The circulation conveying frame between two rotating shafts and the delivery board on the circulation conveying frame are stated, institute is installed in the axis of rotation State and lead on kind of case and be connected with the fluid pressure drive device, the delivery board is plastic plate;
Branch's device is additionally provided with below the sowing port, branch's device is connected with the bottom of the frame, branch's device Two rows for forming sugarcane are planted;One piece of clean-up scraper is additionally provided with branch's device, for adjusting the soil amount for covering sugarcane kind.
Further, described leading be provided with dividing plate at the charging seed mouthful of kind of case, there is governor motion under the dividing plate, and the dividing plate leads to Cross the governor motion and be connected to the inwall for leading kind of case, in the governor motion and tractor indoor console company is driven Connect;The governor motion adjusts the size of mouth opening of charging seed by the amount of movement of control dividing plate, and then controls sugarcane kind into conveying The amount of plate.
Further, the governor motion includes hydraulic cylinder, and the hydraulic cylinder is dilatory with described located at dividing plate lower section Machine connects, and the hydraulic cylinder is also connected with the dividing plate, the hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic operation hand on the driver's cabin of the tractor Handle connects.
Further, the governor motion includes cam, the cam by camshaft be fixed on it is described lead in kind of case and Located at dividing plate lower section, the cam and the baffle contacts, the camshaft is connected by belt with the rotating shaft.
Further, the frame front end is additionally provided with gauge wheel, and the gauge wheel is used to limit planting depth;The conveying Mechanism is 2, and 2 conveying mechanisms are to be symmetrical set, and the rotation direction of 2 conveying mechanisms is contrary.
Further, the fluid pressure drive device includes hydraulic motor, and the hydraulic motor is by gear and the rotating shaft Connection, is additionally provided with flow speed control valve on the outer wall for leading kind of case, the flow speed control valve leads to the conveying mechanism, the hydraulic motor Cross hydraulic tube connection.
Further, the fertilizer apparatus includes the first receptacle and the second receptacle being installed in the frame, institute The bottom for stating the first receptacle and the second receptacle is connected to fertilizing tube, and the front end of the frame is additionally provided with a colter, Insert respectively in two holes on the colter bottom of two fertilising pipes.
Further, the film-covering mechanism includes main support and earthing ridging plate, and the main support is slow by the spring Rush device to be connected with the frame, the earthing ridging plate is fixedly connected by earthing ridging board mount with the main support, described Main support is provided with ground membrane support, press mold wheel support and covering blade support, and described ground membrane support includes and the earthing ridging plate Two pieces of mulch film frame plates and the ground film roller between two pieces of mulch film frame plates of connection, open up on two pieces of mulch film frame plates Have a T-slot, the two ends of the ground film roller by the T-slot frame on two pieces of mulch film frame plates, the press mold wheel support Pressing wheel is connected with free end, covering blade, the pressing wheel and set are connected with the free end of the covering blade support Film roll contact on the ground film roller, the pressing wheel is located between the ground film roller and the covering blade, the earthing Shovel is positioned at the rear of the pressing wheel.
Further, the pressing wheel is 2, and 2 pressing wheels are symmetrically set respectively by corresponding press mold wheel support In the rear of described ground membrane support both sides, two press mold wheel supports are connected respectively by articulated joint with the main support, And two press mold wheel supports and the connection of the main support are removable connection, to adjust the distance between 2 pressing wheels.
Further, the covering blade is 2, and 2 covering blades are symmetrically set respectively by corresponding covering blade support In the rear of the ground film roller both sides, two covering blade supports are connected respectively by articulated joint with the main support, and Two covering blade supports are removable connection with the connection of the main support, to adjust the distance between 2 covering blades.
In sum, as a result of above-mentioned technical proposal, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) of the invention to lead the contrary conveying mechanism of two rotation directions of setting in kind of case, two rotation directions are contrary Conveying mechanism makes sugarcane kind after branch's device, in falling into two rows pendulum kind ditch, realizes that two rows are planted, and improves plantation efficiency.This It is bright also by arrange spring buffer, make sugarcane planting machine run into have bulk or hard stone soil block when, using spring buffer Device can lift whole main support, enable mulch film wheel, mulch film to skip large clod, i.e., it is not very stiff and demanding with large clod and damage mulch film Take turns and break mulch film.
(2) by arranging T-slot on mulch film frame plate, the external diameter for making film roll diminishes the present invention with the carrying out of overlay film During, the ground film roller on mulch film frame plate can be moved down along T-slot, and film roll is moved down also with ground film roller, Jin Erbao Demonstrate,prove mulch film to be close to the ground all the time.Find through test, overlay film best results when mulch film directly against ground, and mulch film does not break Damage.
(3) while, to be covered with before mulch film and first the ditch of the sugarcane kind that falls is covered into upper soil with earthing ridging plate and strike off ridging, Can prevent mulch film from being scratched by the soil of projection.Additionally, be removable connection by articulated joint and the connection of described ground membrane support, By mobile articulated joint, pressing wheel can be moved integrally, allow the distance between 2 pressing wheels according to line-spacing and the width of mulch film Spend and adjust, i.e., suitable for the mulch film of plurality of specifications, expand the use range of the present invention.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of the sugarcane planting machine of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is a kind of right view of the sugarcane planting machine of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is a kind of rearview of the sugarcane planting machine of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 4 is a kind of rearview of the sugarcane planting machine of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
In figure, 1- leads kind of a case, 2- frames, 3- road wheels, the receptacles of 4- first, the receptacles of 5- second, 6- hydraulic-drivens dress Put, the fertilising pipes of 7- first, the fertilising pipes of 8- second, 9- colters, 10- rotary blades, 11- earthing ridging plates, 12-1- driving shafts, 12-2- Driven shaft, 13- delivery boards, 14- flow speed control valves, 15- ground membrane support, 16- press mold wheel supports, 17- covering blade supports, 18- covering blades, 19- pressing wheels, 20- ground film rollers, 21- branches device, 22- gauge wheels, 23- rotary tillage shafts, 24- rotary tillage bracing struts, 25- spring buffers Device, 26- main supports, 27- dividing plates, 28- dividing plate guide rails, 29- hydraulic cylinders, 30- dividing plates movement route, 31- cams.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
It should be noted that when component is referred to as " being fixed on " another component, it can directly on another component Or can also there is component placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " connection " another component, it can be directly connected to To another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " being arranged at " another component, it Can be set directly on another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.Term as used herein is " vertical ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only.
Unless otherwise defined, all of technology used herein and scientific terminology and the technical field for belonging to the present invention The implication that technical staff is generally understood that is identical.The term for being used in the description of the invention herein is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that of the invention in limiting.Term as used herein " and/or " include one or more phases The arbitrary and all of combination of the Listed Items of pass.
Embodiment 1
Such as Fig. 1-Fig. 3, a kind of sugarcane planting machine, including frame 2 and the road wheel 3 being connected with the frame 2, fertilising are filled Put, soil crushing furrowing device, lead kind of case 1, branch's device 21 and film-covering mechanism, the front end of the frame 2 is provided with fluid pressure drive device 6, institute State the front end of frame 2 to be connected with tractor, tractor selected by the embodiment of the present invention is tractor, the fluid pressure drive device 6 passes through Snap joint is connected with the hydraulic pressure output oil pipe of tractor.The fertilizer apparatus is opened located at the front end of the frame 2, the hack Ditch device leads to located at the lower rear of the fertilizer apparatus, the film-covering mechanism located at the rear end of the frame 2, the film-covering mechanism Cross spring buffer 25 to be connected with the frame 2, one end of the spring buffer 25 is hinged with the frame 2, the spring The other end of buffer 25 is connected with the film-covering mechanism, and the road wheel 3 is located at the lower section of the frame 2 and applies positioned at described Between fertile device and the film-covering mechanism, kind of the case 1 of leading is in the frame 2 and positioned at the fertilizer apparatus and laminating machine Between structure, branch's device 21 be located at it is described lead in kind of case 1 lower section of sowing port and positioned at the front of the earthing ridging plate 11, Branch's device 21 is connected with the bottom of the frame 2, and branch's device 21 is used to form the two rows plantation of sugarcane.Also set on branch's device 21 There is one piece of clean-up scraper (not shown), clean-up scraper is used to adjust the soil amount for covering sugarcane kind.The front end of the frame 2 is additionally provided with limit Deep wheel 22, the gauge wheel 22 is used to limit planting depth, while also balance, supporting role.
The soil crushing furrowing device includes left and right two groups of rotary blades 10, rotary tillage shaft 23 and rotary tillage bracing struts 24, the rotary tillage Bracing strut 24 is arranged in frame 2, and the rotary tillage shaft 23 is installed on rotary tillage bracing strut 24, between the two groups of rotary blades 10 in the left and right It is installed on the rotary tillage shaft 23 every ground, for outputing left and right two rows plantation ditch.In the present embodiment, every group of rotary blade is by 4 Rotary blade 10 is constituted, described 4 are in the shape of a spiral distributed on rotary blade 10 on rotary tillage shaft.The soil crushing furrowing device not only has Soil-crushing function, can also open plantation ditch, and sugarcane kind falls into the two rows plantation ditch that soil crushing furrowing device is outputed after branch's device, completes Pendulum kind work.
The top and bottom for leading kind of case 1 is respectively equipped with charge seed mouth and sowing port (not shown), described to lead kind of case 1 Conveying mechanism is inside provided with, the conveying mechanism includes two rotating shafts, the circulation conveying framves located between described two rotating shafts and is located at Delivery board 13 on the circulation conveying frame, described two rotating shafts are respectively driving shaft 12-1 above and underlying Driven shaft 12-2, the driving shaft 12-1 are rotationally installed in described leading on kind of case 1 and with the fluid pressure drive device 6 by tooth Wheel connection.The delivery board 13 is plastic plate, and using PVC plastic flitch steel plate is replaced, and using the soft of PVC plastic flitch, is subtracted significantly Lack the generation that sugarcane kind hinders dental phenomenon, improve the survival rate of sugarcane kind and the yield of sugarcane.Be additionally provided with the mouth of charging seed one every Plate 27, the bottom of the dividing plate 27 is provided with governor motion, and the dividing plate 27 is connected to by the governor motion and described leads kind of case 1 Inwall, the governor motion is connected with the console that interior is driven in tractor, by operator control, the governor motion Move on dividing plate guide rail 28 for controlling dividing plate 27, dividing plate moves route 30 as shown in figure 3, when dividing plate 27 is moved to minimum point When, dividing plate 27 and lead interval between the inwall of kind of case 1 minimum (i.e. dividing plate 27 be open minimum);The governor motion by control every The amount of movement of plate 27 adjusts dividing plate 27 and leads the gap size (i.e. the openings of sizes of dividing plate 27) between the inwall of kind of case 1, and then controls Sugarcane kind enters the amount of delivery board 13, prevents the sugarcane kind fallen from dividing plate 27 from piling up excessive, affects the normal work of delivery board 13.
The governor motion includes hydraulic cylinder 29, and the hydraulic cylinder 29 is located at the lower section of dividing plate 27 and is connected with tractor, institute State hydraulic cylinder 29 to be also connected with dividing plate 27, hydraulic cylinder 29 is by the control of hydraulic operation handle, joystick on the driver's cabin of tractor Tension and compression, make hydraulic cylinder stretch or compress, so as to push and pull dividing plate 27, dividing plate 27 is moved along dividing plate guide rail 28, adjust Dividing plate 27 and the gap size (i.e. the openings of sizes of dividing plate 27) between the inwall of kind of case 1 is led, to suitable size.
Further, fluid pressure drive device 6 described in the embodiment of the present invention includes hydraulic motor, and the hydraulic motor passes through Gear is connected with the driving shaft 12-1, is additionally provided with flow speed control valve 14 on the outer wall for leading kind of case 1, the flow speed control valve 14 with it is described Conveying mechanism, the hydraulic motor are connected by hydraulic tube.Flow speed control valve 14 is used to adjust the rotating speed of conveying mechanism, and then adjusts The planting amount of sugarcane kind.
Further, conveying mechanism described in the embodiment of the present invention is 2, and 2 conveying mechanisms set for symmetrical Put.The governor motion also mutually should be 2, respectively positioned at the top of 2 conveying mechanisms, make sugarcane kind from positioned at 2 governor motions The mouth of charging seed of top is dropped down onto and fallen respectively to the delivery board 13 of two conveying mechanisms in left and right after the dividing plate on 2 governor motions in left and right On.Hydraulic oil Jing oil pipes in fluid pressure drive device 6 flow to flow speed control valve 14, and the hydraulic oil after regulation is delivered to conveying mechanism Hydraulic motor, hydraulic motor drive a pair of external toothings gear, by gear engage, drive two symmetrical driving shafts 12-1 is rotated, and driving shaft 12-1 drives driven shaft 12-2, and then drives delivery board 13, makes to lead the sugarcane kind in kind of case 1, Jing delivery boards 13 deliver to sowing port, fall to branch's device 21, fall into plantation ditch, realize the pendulum kind plantation of two rows.
Further, fertilizer apparatus described in the embodiment of the present invention includes the first receptacle 4 and the second receptacle 5, described The bottom of the first receptacle 4 is connected with the first fertilizing tube 7, and the bottom of the second receptacle 5 is connected with the second fertilizing tube 8, institute The front end for stating frame 2 is additionally provided with a colter 9, and the colter is inserted respectively in the bottom of the first fertilising pipe 7 and second fertilising pipe 8 On two holes in.After the embodiment of the present invention is ditched first by the colter 9 being connected with fertilizer apparatus, then by the dress that applies fertilizer Put and fertilizer is sprinkled into ditch, and the first fertilizing tube 7 and the second fertilizing tube 8 are inserted respectively in two holes on the colter 9 Can make to form two-way fertilizer on soil, be suitable to the two rows plantation of sugarcane.
Further, film-covering mechanism described in the embodiment of the present invention includes main support 26 and earthing ridging plate 11, the master Support 26 is connected by the spring buffer 25 with the frame 2, and the earthing ridging plate 11 passes through earthing ridging board mount It is fixedly connected with the main support 26, the main support 26 is provided with ground membrane support, press mold wheel support 16 and covering blade support 17, Described ground membrane support includes two pieces of mulch film frame plates 15 being connected with the earthing ridging plate 11 and located at two pieces of mulch film frame plates Ground film roller 20 between 15, offers T-slot on two pieces of mulch film frame plates 15, the two ends of the ground film roller 20 are by described On mulch film frame plate 15, the two ends of the ground film roller outside mulch film frame plate 15 are also welded with T connector to T-slot frame, for preventing The only axial motion of ground film roller 20.During work, film roll is placed on ground film roller 20, and pressing wheel 19 contacts and press against laying with film roll Mulch film, the mulch film of laying directly against ground, and with the laying of mulch film, the external diameter of film roll diminishes, and ground film roller 20 can be along T Type groove is moved down, and film roll is moved down therewith, and then is ensured that mulch film is remained and be close to the ground.Find through test, due to ground Pass through earthing ridging plate 11 to strike off, overlay film best results when mulch film directly against ground, and mulch film is not damaged.If run into having Bulk or hard stone, soil block, because of spring buffer 25 with frame 2 to be hinged, when encountering large clod, then spring buffer 25 can Whole main support 26 is lifted, enables pressing wheel 19, mulch film to skip large clod, i.e., it is not very stiff and demanding with large clod and damage press mold Take turns 19 and break mulch film.
The earthing ridging plate 11 includes symmetrical two plots of earthing ridgings plate 11, for soil to be covered in sugarcane kind and Form ridge.Earthing ridging plate 11 is fixed on main support 26 by earthing ridging board mount.Two blocks of earthing ridging plates 11 are by horizontal stroke Axle connects, and earthing ridging plate 11 is provided with horizontal elongated hole, unclamps bolt, and earthing ridging plate 11 can be moved left and right along elongated hole, To reach the position that earthing ridging 11 is adjusted according to line-spacing requirement.The embodiment of the present invention will fall first with earthing ridging plate 11 The ditch of sugarcane kind covers upper soil and strikes off ridging, it is therefore prevented that the generation of situations such as mulch film is scratched by the soil of projection, it is to avoid mulch film The insulation Water-saving effect on damaged and sugarcane ground is affected.
The press mold wheel support 16 and covering blade support 17 are connected with main support 26, are cased with ground on described ground membrane support 15 Deflector roll 20, is connected with pressing wheel 19 on the free end of the press mold wheel support 16, connect on the free end of covering blade support 17 Covering blade 18 is connected to, the pressing wheel 19 is contacted with the mulch film on the ground film roller 20, outside the pressing wheel 19 rubber is arranged with Overcoat, rubber sleeve can prevent mulch film from being scratched by pressing wheel 19.The pressing wheel 19 is located at the ground film roller 20 and covering blade 18 Between, the covering blade 18 is located at the rear of the pressing wheel 19.And the covering blade support 17 passes through with the covering blade 18 Bolted splice, so that the covering blade 18 can rotate relative to the covering blade support 17, adjusts the covering blade 18 and covers with described The angle that mamoty support 17 is formed, greatly then earthing amount is big for angle, otherwise then earthing amount is little.
Further, pressing wheel 19 described in the embodiment of the present invention is 2, and 2 pressing wheels 19 are respectively by corresponding Press mold wheel support be symmetrically set in the rear of the both sides of described ground membrane support 15.The embodiment of the present invention is using symmetrically arranged two pressures Film wheel 19 rather than only with a pressing wheel in the middle of ground film roller 20, can not only promote pressing wheel 19 to be tightly pressed on ground On film roll in deflector roll 20 and the mulch film hauled out, it is to avoid film roll is loose and improves overlay film effect, additionally aids follow-up covering Soil.
Further, press mold wheel support described in the embodiment of the present invention 16 is connected by articulated joint with the main support 26 Connect, press mold wheel support 16 is rotated when operating, make pressing wheel 19 and film roll and the ground of laying being connected with press mold wheel support 16 Film is contacted, and press mold wheel support 16 can be then rotated up when off working state.And the press mold wheel support 16 and the main support 26 connection is removable connection, to adjust the distance between 2 pressing wheels 19.Due to the line-spacing in different planting sites and The mulch film specification used may be different, is removable company by press mold wheel support 16 and the connection of the main support 26 Connect, two press mold wheel supports can be changed according to the line-spacing of different planting sites and the specification movement press mold wheel support 16 of different mulch films Width between 16, and then change the width between two pressing wheels 19, expand being suitable for for embodiment of the present invention sugarcane planting machine Scope.In the same manner, the covering blade 18 is 2, and 2 covering blades 18 are symmetrically set in respectively by corresponding covering blade support 17 The rear of the both sides of the ground film roller 20.The covering blade support 17 is connected by articulated joint with the main support 26, and two The covering blade support 17 is removable connection with the connection of the main support 26, to adjust the distance between 2 covering blades 18. Removable in the embodiment of the present invention is connected as coordinating with press mold wheel support 16 or covering blade support 17 by unclamping or fasten Nut movement press mold wheel support 16 or covering blade support 17, i.e., unclamp nut movement press mold wheel support 16 when adjustment width is needed Or covering blade support 17, it is moved to clamp nut after required width.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment in addition to the governor motion led in embodiment 1 in kind of case 1 is changed into cam adjustment by hydraulic regulation, other It is same as Example 1.I.e. the governor motion of the present embodiment includes cam 31 (such as Fig. 4), and the cam 31 passes through cam Axle is led in kind of case 1 and located at the lower section of the dividing plate 27 described in being fixed on, so that the cam 31 can be contacted with the dividing plate 27, institute State camshaft to be connected with the driving shaft 12-1 by belt.By the rotation of cam 31, dividing plate is shaken up and down, and then adjust Whole dividing plate 27 and the gap size (i.e. the openings of sizes of dividing plate 27) between the inwall of kind of case 1 is led, control sugarcane kind and enter delivery board 13 Amount, prevents sugarcane kind from piling up excessive, affects the normal work of delivery board 13.
During work, sugarcane kind is fallen to dividing plate 27 first from the mouth of charging seed for leading the top of kind of case 1, then drops down onto conveyer from dividing plate 27 On the delivery board 13 of structure, due to 2 conveying mechanisms or so setting and transmission direction conversely, sugarcane can be made in two conveying mechanisms The lower Jing sowing ports of transmission fall to branch's device 21, then Jing branches device 21 is dropped down onto in the plantation ditch outputed by soil crushing furrowing device, is made sweet Sugarcane is planted in two rows, finally carries out earthing epiphragma by film-covering mechanism.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this Bright patent claim, the equal change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sugarcane planting machine, including frame and the road wheel being connected with the frame, fertilizer apparatus, soil crushing furrowing dress Put, film-covering mechanism and lead kind of a case, it is characterised in that the frame front end is provided with fluid pressure drive device, the fluid pressure drive device It is connected with the hydraulic pressure output oil pipe of tractor;The fertilizer apparatus sets located at the front end of the frame, the soil crushing furrowing device In the lower rear of the fertilizer apparatus, the film-covering mechanism is located at the rear end of the frame, and the film-covering mechanism is slow by spring Rush device to be connected with the frame, one end of the spring buffer is hinged with the frame, the other end of the spring buffer It is connected with the film-covering mechanism;The road wheel is located at the lower section of the frame and positioned at the fertilizer apparatus and the laminating machine Between structure;It is described lead kind of case in the frame and between the fertilizer apparatus and film-covering mechanism, kind of the case of leading Top and bottom are respectively equipped with charge seed mouth and sowing port, and described leading be provided with kind of case conveying mechanism, and the conveying mechanism includes two Individual rotating shaft, the circulation conveying frame located between described two rotating shafts and the delivery board on the circulation conveying frame, the rotating shaft Lead on kind of case and be connected with the fluid pressure drive device described in being rotationally installed in, the delivery board is plastic plate;
Branch's device is additionally provided with below the sowing port, branch's device is connected with the bottom of the frame, and branch's device is used for Form the two rows plantation of sugarcane;One piece of clean-up scraper is additionally provided with branch's device, for adjusting the soil amount for covering sugarcane kind.
2. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described leading be provided with dividing plate at the charging seed mouthful of kind of case, There is governor motion under the dividing plate, the dividing plate is connected to the inwall for leading kind of case, the regulation by the governor motion Mechanism is connected with the console that interior is driven in the tractor;The governor motion is adjusted by the amount of movement of control dividing plate and thrown The size of mouth opening is planted, and then controls the amount that sugarcane kind enters delivery board.
3. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the governor motion includes hydraulic cylinder, the liquid Cylinder pressure is connected located at dividing plate lower section and with the tractor, and the hydraulic cylinder is also connected with the dividing plate, the hydraulic cylinder It is connected with hydraulic operation handle on the driver's cabin of the tractor.
4. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the governor motion includes cam, the cam By camshaft be fixed on it is described lead in kind of case and located at dividing plate lower section, the cam and the baffle contacts, it is described convex Wheel shaft is connected by belt with the rotating shaft.
5. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the frame front end is additionally provided with gauge wheel, described Gauge wheel is used to limit planting depth;The conveying mechanism is 2, and 2 conveying mechanisms are to be symmetrical set and described The rotation direction of 2 conveying mechanisms is contrary.
6. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fluid pressure drive device includes hydraulic motor, The hydraulic motor is connected by gear with the rotating shaft, and flow speed control valve, the flow speed control valve are additionally provided with the outer wall for leading kind of case It is connected by hydraulic tube with the conveying mechanism, the hydraulic motor.
7. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer apparatus includes being installed in the frame On the first receptacle and the bottom of the second receptacle, first receptacle and the second receptacle be connected to fertilising and lead Pipe, the front end of the frame is additionally provided with a colter, and two holes on the colter are inserted respectively in the bottom of two fertilising pipes It is interior.
8. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the film-covering mechanism includes that main support and earthing rise Ridge plate, the main support is connected by the spring buffer with the frame, and the earthing ridging plate passes through earthing ridging plate Support is fixedly connected with the main support, and the main support is provided with ground membrane support, press mold wheel support and covering blade support, described Ground membrane support includes two pieces of mulch film frame plates being connected with the earthing ridging plate and the ground between two pieces of mulch film frame plates Deflector roll, offers T-slot on two pieces of mulch film frame plates, the two ends of the ground film roller are by the T-slot frame described two On block mulch film frame plate, pressing wheel, the free end of the covering blade support are connected with the free end of the press mold wheel support On be connected with covering blade, the pressing wheel is contacted with the film roll being placed on the ground film roller, the pressing wheel be located at describedly Between deflector roll and the covering blade, the covering blade is located at the rear of the pressing wheel.
9. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the pressing wheel is 2,2 pressing wheels It is symmetrically set in the rear of described ground membrane support both sides, two press mold wheel support difference by corresponding press mold wheel support respectively It is connected with the main support by articulated joint, and two press mold wheel supports and the connection of the main support are removable company Connect, to adjust the distance between 2 pressing wheels.
10. sugarcane planting machine according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the covering blade is 2,2 covering blades It is symmetrically set in the rear of the ground film roller both sides by corresponding covering blade support respectively, two covering blade supports lead to respectively Cross articulated joint to be connected with the main support, and two covering blade supports and the connection of the main support are removable company Connect, to adjust the distance between 2 covering blades.
CN201611225180.9A 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Sugarcane planter Pending CN106612814A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107182644A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-22 德宏傣族景颇族自治州甘蔗科学研究所 It is a kind of to improve the epiphragma method that cane land plastic membrane covers efficiency
CN109673423A (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-04-26 绥阳瑞腾农业发展有限公司 The implantation methods of Chinese cabbage
CN113207383A (en) * 2021-05-19 2021-08-06 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane intertillage thinning and sugarcane seedling transplanting management machine

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CN102577706A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-07-18 广西钦州力顺机械有限公司 Sugarcane planter adjusting line spacing through bearing guide rail
CN103081620A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-08 黄小文 Sectioned-type sugarcane planting machine
CN103460841A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-25 杨彬 Ridging and film mulching seeding machine
CN104521389A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 黄小文 Sugarcane planter

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ES2038319T3 (en) * 1987-02-17 1993-07-16 Kaysersberg Packaging (Ancienne Ste. Chouanard) MACHINE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PLASTIC FILM USED IN AGRICULTURE.
CN1685786A (en) * 2005-04-29 2005-10-26 臧均 Self controlling location seeding mechine
CN102577706A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-07-18 广西钦州力顺机械有限公司 Sugarcane planter adjusting line spacing through bearing guide rail
CN103081620A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-08 黄小文 Sectioned-type sugarcane planting machine
CN103460841A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-25 杨彬 Ridging and film mulching seeding machine
CN104521389A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 黄小文 Sugarcane planter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107182644A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-09-22 德宏傣族景颇族自治州甘蔗科学研究所 It is a kind of to improve the epiphragma method that cane land plastic membrane covers efficiency
CN109673423A (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-04-26 绥阳瑞腾农业发展有限公司 The implantation methods of Chinese cabbage
CN113207383A (en) * 2021-05-19 2021-08-06 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Sugarcane intertillage thinning and sugarcane seedling transplanting management machine

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