CN106607515B - Workpiece rivets production system - Google Patents

Workpiece rivets production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106607515B
CN106607515B CN201611169000.XA CN201611169000A CN106607515B CN 106607515 B CN106607515 B CN 106607515B CN 201611169000 A CN201611169000 A CN 201611169000A CN 106607515 B CN106607515 B CN 106607515B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
workpiece
riveting
upper layer
discharging device
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Active
Application number
CN201611169000.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106607515A (en
Inventor
龙江
赵前进
范永欣
朱文城
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Gree Chengdu Electric Appliances Co Ltd
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Gree Electric Appliances Inc of Zhuhai
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Priority to CN201611169000.XA priority Critical patent/CN106607515B/en
Publication of CN106607515A publication Critical patent/CN106607515A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D39/00Application of procedures in order to connect objects or parts, e.g. coating with sheet metal otherwise than by plating; Tube expanders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/027Combined feeding and ejecting devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • B21D45/02Ejecting devices

Abstract

A kind of workpiece riveting production system includes rack, upper layer pipeline, discharging device, riveting set, lower moving device, lower layer's pipeline and ascending unit, lower layer's pipeline is set to the lower section of upper layer pipeline, and lower moving device and ascending unit, which are connected between upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline, constitutes circulation;Discharging device is moved to the lower section of riveting set under the drive of upper layer pipeline;Riveting set is used to carry out workpiece riveting and forms finished workpart, and lower moving device is used to discharging device being moved to lower layer's pipeline by upper layer pipeline, and ascending unit is used to discharging device being back to upper layer pipeline by lower layer's pipeline.Feeding station in workpiece riveting system of the present invention, riveting station and discharge station are separated setting, to make entirely to rivet production process and can carry out automatically and orderly;Meanwhile discharge station is located at phase the same end of upper layer pipeline with feeding station, operator can carry out feeding and blanking simultaneously, be conducive to improve production efficiency, save human cost.

Description

Workpiece rivets production system
Technical field
The present invention relates to washing machine transport fields, in particular to a kind of for riveting to washing machine back plate and stiffening plate Workpiece rivet production system.
Background technique
With the rapid development of society, people are also higher and higher for life style, horizontal requirement, living environment of living Also it constantly changes being followed by, also inevitably increases new family's electrical device, or carry household electrical appliances, especially as Essential washing machine in schedule life.Roller washing machine is in transport, to guarantee that transportational process without dynamic deformation is shaken, need to carry on the back Increase storage and transportation fixing bolt on plate, roller is fixed.Meanwhile to guarantee that transportational process cut deal link position is indeformable, Usually increase by four pieces of stiffening plates in the fixation position of backboard, be attached backboard and stiffening plate by way of riveting, to even Position is connect to be reinforced.
However, traditional riveting processing uses dedicated standalone architecture substantially, four stiffening plates, then again are successively put by hand Backboard is put, button is started switch, equipment starts operation, and after the completion of riveting, by hand takes out the workpiece after riveting.But using single Machine operation, operator need hand putting in die cavity, and there is a certain security risk.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to provide a kind of raising operational safety and realize washing machine back plate and stiffening plate automatic riveting Workpiece rivets production system.
A kind of workpiece riveting production system, for being riveted to workpiece comprising rack is all set in the rack Upper layer pipeline, discharging device, riveting set, lower moving device, lower layer's pipeline and ascending unit, lower layer's pipeline It is set to the lower section of the upper layer pipeline, the lower moving device and the ascending unit are set to the opposite both ends of the rack And it is connected between the upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline and constitutes circulation;The discharging device is to be riveted for fixing The workpiece, and be moved to the lower section of the riveting set under upper layer pipeline drive;The riveting set is used for Riveting is carried out to the workpiece and forms finished workpart, the lower moving device is used to be placed with the blowing of the finished workpart Device is moved to lower layer's pipeline by the upper layer pipeline, and the ascending unit will be for that will be placed with the finished workpart The discharging device upper layer pipeline is back to by lower layer's pipeline.
The upper layer pipeline includes guide rail and transfer mechanism in one of the embodiments, and the guide rail is along the work Part moving direction extends and is fixed on the rack, and the transfer mechanism includes transfer actuator and planker, the blowing dress Set and connect with the planker, and under the driving of the transfer actuator with the planker along the workpiece moving direction slidably Ground is set on the guide rail.
Location hole and driving hole, the transfer mechanism packet are offered on the discharging device in one of the embodiments, The transmission component for including the positioning component being set in the rack and being set on the planker, the positioning component include positioning Part and Locating driver part, the transmission component include driving member and transmission actuator;The locating piece is in the Locating driver part Driving under be telescopically inserted in the positioning hole, the relatively described guide rail of the discharging device is fixed;The transmission Part is telescopically inserted in the driving hole under the driving of the transmission actuator, to drive the blowing with the planker Device is slided along the guide rail.
The discharging device includes tooling top plate, tooling lower plywood and connecting column, institute in one of the embodiments, It states and offers sliding slot on guide rail extending direction, the tooling top plate is for fixing the workpiece, the tooling lower plywood setting It below the tooling top plate, and is slidably connected in the sliding slot, the location hole and the driving hole are set to On the tooling lower plywood, the connecting column is connected axially between the tooling top plate and the tooling lower plywood.
The transfer mechanism includes the jacking part being set on the planker, the connection in one of the embodiments, One end of column is fixedly connected with the tooling top plate, and the other end of the connecting column is arranged in the tooling lower plywood, institute Jacking part is stated for driving the connecting column to drive the relatively described tooling lower plywood lifting of the tooling top plate along axial.
The riveting set includes the erecting bed being movably arranged on the guide rail in one of the embodiments, Face, the riveting machine for being set to the mounting table, lateral adjustments component and vertical adjustment component, the lateral adjustments component packet The screw rod for including operating parts and being connect with the operating parts, the vertical adjustment component include limited block, longitudinal supporting member, gasket with And fastener;The screw rod be set between the mounting table and the guide rail along the direction of the parallel guide rail and with it is described Riveting machine connection, the operating parts are set to one end of the screw rod and expose to outside the riveting machine;The limited block is fixed In in the mounting table and positioned at the riveting machine periphery, the gasket is separably held on the limited block and the riveting Between picking, the longitudinal direction supporting member is set on the limited block and holds out against the gasket along the direction of the vertical guide rail, The fastener is fixedly connected between the riveting machine and the mounting table.
In one of the embodiments, the lower moving device include move down lifter plate, move down lifters, move down actuator with And driving member is moved down, the lifters that move down are connected between the upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline, described to move down Driving member be connected to it is described move down actuator and it is described move down between lifters, it is described move down lifter plate be set to it is described under shift One end of part drops, to be displaced between the upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline with the lifters that move down.
Lower layer's pipeline includes transmission parts, transmission actuator and is all set in institute in one of the embodiments, State pushing block, the first pushing block actuator and the second pushing block actuator in rack, drive of the transmission parts in the transmission actuator Dynamic lower drive is placed with the discharging device of the finished workpart to close to ascending unit movement, and the pushing block is described It is mobile to the close transmission parts direction under the driving of first pushing block actuator, and under the driving for pushing actuator described second The discharging device for being placed with the finished workpart is pushed into the ascending unit.
In one of the embodiments, the ascending unit include uplink lifter plate, uplink lifters, uplink actuator with And uplink driving member, the uplink lifters are connected between the upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline, the uplink Driving member is connected between the uplink actuator and the uplink lifters, and the uplink lifter plate is set to the uplink liter One end of part drops, to be displaced between the upper layer pipeline and lower layer's pipeline with the uplink lifters.
In one of the embodiments, the workpiece include washing machine back plate and be riveted on the washing machine back plate plus Strong plate.
Feeding station, riveting station and discharge station are separated setting in workpiece riveting system of the present invention, to make whole A riveting production process can carry out automatically and orderly;Meanwhile discharge station is located at the mutually same of upper layer pipeline with feeding station End, makes finished workpart be recycled to upper layer pipeline.In this way, operator can carry out the operation of feeding and blanking simultaneously, favorably In improving production efficiency, human cost is saved.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that workpiece rivets production system in a better embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for being placed in workpiece shown in Fig. 1 and riveting workpiece to be riveted in production system;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that workpiece shown in Fig. 1 rivets production system pipeline at the middle and upper levels;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of transfer mechanism and discharging device cooperation in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of discharging device in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of riveting set in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of lower moving device in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of lower layer's pipeline in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of ascending unit in upper layer pipeline shown in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
To facilitate the understanding of the present invention, a more comprehensive description of the invention is given in the following sections with reference to the relevant attached drawings.In attached drawing Give preferred embodiment of the invention.But the invention can be realized in many different forms, however it is not limited to herein Described embodiment.On the contrary, purpose of providing these embodiments is keeps the understanding to the disclosure more saturating It is thorough comprehensive.
It should be noted that it can directly on the other element when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element Or there may also be elements placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it, which can be, is directly connected to To another element or it may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertical ", " horizontal ", " left side ", " right side " and similar statement are for illustrative purposes only.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and belong to technical field of the invention The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term as used herein in the specification of the present invention is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Term " and or " used herein includes one or more phases Any and all combinations of the listed item of pass.
As shown in Figure 1, workpiece rivets production system in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, for carrying out automatically to workpiece 200 Change riveting, to realize safety and high efficiency production.Workpiece riveting production system include rack 10, be all set in it is upper in rack 10 Layer pipeline 20, discharging device 30, riveting set 40, lower moving device 50, lower layer's pipeline 60 (as shown in Figure 7), ascending unit 70 and electric control box 80.
Wherein, upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 60 are relatively arranged on 10 upper layer and lower layer of rack respectively, and lower layer is defeated Line sending 60 is set to the lower section of upper layer pipeline 20.Lower moving device 50 and ascending unit 70 are set to the opposite both ends of rack 10, And it is connected between upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 60 and constitutes circulation.Discharging device 30 is for fixing workpiece to be riveted 200, and the lower section of riveting set 40 is moved under the drive of upper layer pipeline 20.Riveting set 40 is used to carry out workpiece 200 Riveting forms finished workpart, and the discharging device 30 that lower moving device 50 is used to be placed with finished workpart is mobile by upper layer pipeline 20 To lower layer's pipeline 60, ascending unit 70 is for the discharging device 30 for being placed with finished workpart to be back to by lower layer's pipeline 60 On upper layer pipeline 20, in order to which operator carries out blanking operation.Electric control box 80 be used for entire workpiece riveting system into Row control.
In this way, including successively being set along 10 extending direction of rack by the workpiece riveting production line that entire workpiece riveting system is formed The uplink station set, feeding station, rivets station and moves down station discharge station, wherein discharge station, feeding station with And riveting station is respectively positioned in rack 10, uplink station and is moved down station and is located at 10 two sides of rack, and is located at blanking The upstream of station and the downstream of riveting station.
Above-mentioned workpiece riveting production system is conveyed by the workpiece 200 for completing feeding and riveting on upper layer pipeline 20 through lower layer Line 60, which is back to again on upper layer pipeline 20, carries out blanking so that workpiece 200 entirely riveting production process feeding station, Riveting station and discharge station are separated from each other, and realize automation and orderly production;Meanwhile discharge station is located at feeding station Phase the same end of upper layer pipeline 20, makes finished workpart be recycled to upper layer pipeline 20, and operator can carry out feeding It is completed at the same time the operation of two stations of blanking, is conducive to save human cost, improves production efficiency.Furthermore to be riveted for placing Workpiece 200 and the discharging device 30 for placing finished workpart can be with 70 weights of lower moving device 50, lower layer's pipeline 60 and ascending unit It is newly back on upper layer pipeline 20, is conducive to the recycling of discharging device 30.
Fig. 2 is please referred to, in this embodiment, workpiece 200 is including washing machine back plate 201 and is riveted on washing machine back plate Stiffening plate 203 on 201.Workpiece rivets production system and is used to carry out feeding, riveting to washing machine back plate 201 and stiffening plate 203 And blanking operation.Accordingly, there are two be respectively used to washing machine back plate 201 and stiffening plate for setting in workpiece riveting production line The feeding station (upstream feeding station and downstream feeding station i.e. mentioned below) of 203 feedings.It is to be appreciated that other one In a little embodiments, workpiece riveting production system also can be used for the riveting between other workpiece, each station in workpiece riveting production line Setting position and depending on quantity can according to need, be not limited thereto.
Please refer to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, specifically, rack 10 is substantially rectangle frame-shaped, upper layer pipeline 20 include guide rail 21 and Transfer mechanism 23.Transfer mechanism 23 includes transfer actuator (not shown) and planker 231.Wherein, guide rail 21 is moved along workpiece 200 Direction extends and is fixed in rack 10, and planker 231 extends along the direction of closed slide 21 and moves along itself extending direction Ground is set in rack 10, and discharging device 30 is connect with planker 231, and under the driving of transfer actuator with planker 231 along work 200 moving direction of part is slidably disposed on guide rail 21.
In this embodiment, guide rail 21 is two that 10 opposite sides of rack is fixed on along 200 moving direction of workpiece, Two guide rails, 21 opposed facing two surfaces are recessed inwardly to form sliding slot 210.Planker 231 is movably located on two guide rails Between 21.Transfer actuator is to be set to pitch wheel and rack gear between rack 10 and planker 231, to drive planker 231 opposite rails 21 are mobile, thus drive discharging device 30 on upper layer pipeline 20 along guide rail 21 in discharge station, feeding work Position rivets station and moves down and moves between station.It is to be appreciated that transfer actuator also may be used in some other embodiment For other dynamical elements for driving planker 231 mobile, for example, motor etc., is not limited thereto.
Further, location hole 320 and driving hole 321 are offered on discharging device 30, transfer mechanism 23 includes being set to Positioning component 232 in rack 10 and the transmission component 233 being set on planker 231.Positioning component 232 includes locating piece 2321 And Locating driver part 2323, transmission component 233 include driving member 2331 and transmission actuator 2332.Locating piece 2321 drives in positioning It is telescopically inserted in location hole 320 under the driving of moving part 2323,30 opposite rail 10 of discharging device is fixed and positioned In corresponding station.Driving member 2331 is telescopically inserted in driving hole 321 under the driving of transmission actuator 2332, with dragging Plate 231 drives discharging device 30 to slide between two neighboring station along guide rail 21.
In this embodiment, locating piece 2321 and planker 231 are respectively and are set in rack 10 and planker 231 to determine Position pin and bolt.Locating driver part 2323 and transmission actuator 2332 are cylinder.Wherein, rack 10 and discharge station, feeding Station and riveting station corresponding position are fixedly installed positioning pin and the cylinder with positioning pin connection, and planker 231 is along itself Extending direction is arranged at intervals with several bolts, and several bolts are corresponding with discharge station, feeding station and riveting station respectively.Together When, in order to improve the production efficiency and utilization rate, planker 231 under the drive of gear and rack gear between two neighboring station back and forth It is mobile, so that each bolt can drive discharging device 30 to move between two neighboring station with planker 231.That is, every A bolt is responsible for the transmission of discharging device 30 between former and later two stations, i.e., passes by a upper discharging device 30 for previous station It send to latter station, return to previous station and the next discharging device 30 for being located at previous station is continued to transmit, such as This short-range transmission is conducive to carry out entire workpiece riveting production line can orderly and expeditiously persistently.
Fig. 5 is please referred to, discharging device 30 includes tooling top plate 31, tooling lower plywood 32 and connecting column 33.Wherein, work Laminate 31 is loaded onto for fixing workpiece 200, tooling lower plywood 32 is set to 31 lower section of tooling top plate, and is slidably connected to In sliding slot 210, location hole 320 and driving hole 321 are set on tooling lower plywood 32, and connecting column 33 is connected axially to tooling upper layer Between plate 31 and tooling lower plywood 32, it to be used for synchronous drive tooling top plate 31 and tooling lower plywood 32.
Specifically, tooling top plate 31 is provided with locating piece (not shown) backwards to the surface of tooling lower plywood 32, for fixed The surrounding of position workpiece 200 placed thereon.The two sides opposite with guide rail 21 of tooling lower plywood 32 are provided with to be cooperated with sliding slot 210 Sliding part 322, so when bolt is inserted into driving hole 321 under corresponding cylinder driving, tooling lower plywood 32 can be in planker 210 sliding along the chute under 231 drive, realizes transfer of the workpiece 200 between each station.
In this embodiment, sliding part 322 is the idler wheel being slideably positioned in sliding slot 210.It is to be appreciated that at it In its some embodiment, sliding part 322 can be other components cooperated with sliding slot 210, also or can be omitted, do not limit herein It is fixed.
Fig. 6 is please referred to, riveting set 40 includes the mounting table 41 being movably arranged on guide rail 21, is set to installation Riveting machine 42, lateral adjustments component 43 and vertical adjustment component 45 on table top 41.Wherein, the quantity of riveting machine 42 is more Group, lateral adjustments component 43 and vertical adjustment component 45 are respectively used to adjust corresponding 42 opposite rail 21 of riveting machine lateral and vertical Upward position.
Specifically, lateral adjustments component 43 includes operating parts 430 and the screw rod (not shown) connecting with operating parts 430, silk Bar is set between mounting table 41 and guide rail 21 along the direction of closed slide 21 and connect with riveting machine 42, and operating parts 430 is set It is placed in one end of screw rod and exposes to outside riveting machine 42, operated so that user holds.
Vertical adjustment component 45 includes limited block 450, longitudinal supporting member 452, gasket 454 and fastener 456.Limited block 450 are fixed in mounting table 41 and are located at 42 periphery of riveting machine, and gasket 454 is separably held on limited block 450 and riveting Between machine 42, so that the position for the riveting machine 42 that operator can be adjusted as needed, which adaptively increases and decreases, is set to limited block The quantity of gasket 454 between 450 and riveting machine 42.Longitudinal supporting member 452 is set to limited block 450 along the direction of vertical guide rail 21 Gasket 454 is gone up and holds out against, fastener 456 is fixedly connected between riveting machine 42 and mounting table 41.
When carrying out lateral position adjusting, rotary operating member 430, driving screw rod drives mounting table 41 and is set to installation Riveting machine 42 on table top 41 is moved to predeterminated position along guide rail 21;When carrying out lengthwise position adjusting, loosening fasteners 456 and Supporting member 452, the position of the riveting machine 42 adjusted as needed adaptively increase and decrease be set to limited block 450 and riveting machine 42 it Between gasket 454, after the completion of adjusting, fasten supporting member 452 and fastener 456, riveting machine 42 be fixed to target position.? In this specific embodiment, fastener 456 is screw, and supporting member 452 is trimming bolt.
Further, in order to avoid discharging device 30 is when entering riveting station, interference is generated with the lower die of riveting machine 42, Transfer mechanism 23 further includes the jacking part (not shown) being set on planker 231.One end of connecting column 33 and tooling top plate 31 It is fixedly connected, the other end of connecting column 33 is arranged in tooling lower plywood 32, and jacking part is for being drivingly connected column 33 along axial zone Start building to load onto laminate 31 with respect to the lifting of tooling lower plywood 32.In this embodiment, jacking part is to be set on planker 231 Cylinder, the cylinder body of cylinder are set on planker 231, and piston is connect with connecting column 33.When discharging device 30 rivets station wait enter When, tooling top plate 31 is jacked up, makes it higher than the lower die of corresponding riveting machine 42 by jacking part emersion;When discharging device 30 reaches When target riveting location, jacking part is retracted, and tooling top plate 31 is pulled to close 32 direction of tooling lower plywood and is supported in riveting It picks in 42 lower dies;Locating piece 2321 fills blowing in the location hole 320 that Locating driver part 2323 is inserted into tooling lower plywood 32 It sets 30 and is positioned at 42 corresponding position of riveting machine, in order to carry out riveting operation.
Fig. 7 is please referred to, lower moving device 50 is set to one end of rack 10, and is located at the downstream of riveting set 40.Move down dress Setting 50 includes moving down lifter plate (not shown), moving down lifters 52, move down actuator 53 and move down driving member (not shown), under It moves lifters 52 to be connected between upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 6060, moves down driving member and be connected to and move down actuator 53 And move down between lifters 52, it moves down lifter plate and is set to the one end for moving down lifters 52, to be displaced into moving down lifters 52 Between upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 6060.
Specifically, it moves down lifter plate and protrudes above to be provided with and move down guide groove (not shown).Instantly it moves lifter plate and is moving down driving When under the driving of part 53 with the rising of lifters 52 is moved down, moves down lifter plate and flushed with guide rail 21, move down guide groove and 21 upper hopper chute of guide rail 210 docking, discharging device 30 will be moved down on lifter plate under the action of transfer mechanism 23 by the slide-in of guide rail 21.Instantly lifter plate is moved When under moving down actuator 53 and driving with the decline of lifters 52 is moved down, discharging device 30 is transferred to lower layer's conveying by moving down lifter plate On line 60, and can be with lower layer's pipeline 60 to close to the movement of the direction of ascending unit 70.In this embodiment, lifting is moved down Part 52 is screw rod, and moving down actuator 53 is servo motor, and moving down driving member is transmission connection between servo motor and screw rod Transmission belt.It is to be appreciated that in some other embodiment, the lifting driving method for moving down lifter plate can according to need and It is fixed, it is not limited thereto.
Please together referring to Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, lower layer's pipeline 60 includes transmission parts 61, transmission actuator 62 and is all set in Pushing block 63, the first pushing block actuator 64 and the second pushing block actuator 65 in rack 10, transmission parts 61 are in transmission actuator 62 Driving is lower to drive the discharging device 30 for being placed with finished workpart to close to the movement of ascending unit 70, and pushing block 63 drives in the first pushing block To mobile close to 61 direction of transmission parts under the driving of part 64, and will be placed under the driving of the second promotion actuator 65 workpiece at The discharging device 30 of product is pushed into ascending unit 70.In this embodiment, transmission parts 61 are chain, and transmission actuator 62 is to use In the servo motor of drive chain, the first pushing block actuator 64 and the second pushing block actuator 65 are the gas connecting with pushing block 63 Cylinder.It is to be appreciated that other transfer structures such as conveyer belt can be used in lower layer's pipeline 60, herein in some other embodiment It is not construed as limiting.
Fig. 9 is please referred to, ascending unit 70 includes uplink lifter plate (not shown), uplink lifters 72, uplink actuator 73 And uplink driving member (not shown), uplink lifters 71 are connected between upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 60, uplink Driving member is connected between uplink actuator 73 and uplink lifters 72, and uplink lifter plate is set to the one of uplink lifters 72 End, to be displaced between upper layer pipeline 20 and lower layer's pipeline 60 with uplink lifters 72.
Specifically, uplink lifter plate, which protrudes above, is provided with uplink guide groove (not shown).When uplink lifter plate drives in uplink When part 73 declines under driving with uplink lifters 72, discharging device 30 is pushed into uplink lifter plate by pushing block 63 by lower layer's transmission line 60 On.When uplink lifter plate rises under the driving of uplink actuator 73 with uplink lifters 72, uplink actuator 73 and guide rail 21 It flushes, uplink guide groove is docked with 21 upper hopper chute 210 of guide rail, and discharging device 30 will be gone up and down under the action of transfer mechanism 23 by uplink Plate slides into guide rail 21.In this embodiment, uplink lifters 72 are screw rod, and uplink actuator 73 is servo motor, on Row driving member is transmission belt of the transmission connection between servo motor and screw rod.It is to be appreciated that in some other embodiment, Depending on the lifting driving method of uplink lifters 72 can according to need, it is not limited thereto.
Further, in order to avoid pushing block 63 and ascending unit 70 are asynchronous, and discharging device 30 is caused to fall, workpiece riveting System includes that workpiece gear stops component (not shown), for reaching lower layer's pipeline 60 close to ascending unit 70 1 when discharging device 30 End and uplink lifter plate carries out gear to the discharging device 30 on lower layer's pipeline 60 and stops until uplink lifter plate declines when not declining In place.
Please referring again to Fig. 1, further, workpiece riveting system includes enclosing 90, and enclosing 90, which encloses, is set to riveting station With the periphery for moving down station, to avoid personnel carry out riveting station and accident occurs.
Below in the present embodiment, by washing machine back plate 201 and stiffening plate 203 are carried out riveting it is fixed for, to workpiece The working principle of riveting system is described in detail.
When carrying out riveting operation, locating piece 2321 is inserted under the driving of Locating driver part 2323 in transfer mechanism 23 In the location hole 320 of tooling lower plywood 32 in the feeding station of upstream, to fix discharging device 30, stiffening plate 203 is consolidated Due on tooling top plate 31;Locating piece 2321 positioned at the feeding station is retracted and is moved back under the driving of Locating driver part 2323 Location hole 320 out, driving member 2331 are inserted in the driving hole 321 of tooling lower plywood 32 under the driving of transmission actuator 2332 It is interior, and the feeding station under the driving of transfer actuator downstream is mobile.When being moved to the feeding station in downstream, being located at should The locating piece 2321 of feeding station positions discharging device 30, and the correspondence of washing machine back plate 201 is fixed in stiffening plate 203, and When being installed, locating piece 2321 is retracted, and driving member 2331, which drives, is placed with putting for washing machine back plate 201 and stiffening plate 203 Expect that device 30 is mobile to riveting station.
When riveting station wait enter, jacking part rises on transfer mechanism 23, and driving tooling top plate 31 is to far from tooling The direction of lower plywood 32 rises, and increases the distance between tooling top plate 31 and tooling lower plywood 32 and in driving member 2331 Driving is lower into the lower section of riveting machine 42, and the locating piece 2321 positioned at riveting station will be placed with workpiece (washing machine to be riveted Backboard 201 and stiffening plate 203) discharging device 30 position, multiple groups riveting machine 42 respectively rivets corresponding position on workpiece Operation.
After the completion of riveting, discharging device 30 slides under the drive of driving member 2331 rises in place move down under lifter plate After moving guide groove, declines and be transferred on the transmission parts 61 of lower layer's pipeline 60 with lifter plate is moved down;Transmission parts 61 drive blowing Device 30 is mobile to 70 direction of ascending unit, at this point, the moving direction of discharging device 30 and its upper layer pipeline 20 movement It is contrary.
When discharging device 30 is moved to end of the lower layer's pipeline 60 close to ascending unit 70, workpiece gear stops component detection Whether uplink lifter plate has declined in place, and keeps retracted mode when uplink lifter plate has dropped to;Pushing block 63 is first It is moved down under the driving of pushing block actuator 64 after being flushed with the tooling top plate 31 of discharging device 30, pushing block 63 also drives in the second pushing block Discharging device 30 is pushed on uplink lifter plate under the driving of moving part 65.
The discharging device 30 for being placed with finished workpart rises with uplink lifter plate and with upper layer pipeline 20 far from riveting work One end of position is aligned, and the driving member 2331 on planker 231 is inserted into the driving hole 321 of tooling lower plywood 32, by discharging device 30 It is pulled to discharge station, in order to which operator carries out blanking operation.Directly this, completes one piece of washing machine back plate 201 and corresponding reinforcement Feeding, riveting and the blanking operation of plate 203.
In the present invention, feeding station, riveting station and discharge station are separated setting in workpiece riveting system, to make Entire riveting production process can carry out automatically and orderly;Meanwhile feeding station and discharge station are respectively positioned on 20 phase of upper layer pipeline The same end is conducive to improve production efficiency in this way, operator can carry out the operation of feeding and blanking simultaneously, save manpower at This.In addition, the combined production of more single machine riveting machines 42 on riveting station, and 42 opposite rail 21 of each riveting machine is lateral and vertical To position-adjustable, so that workpiece riveting system is adaptable to the riveting of different model product.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, for simplicity of description, not to above-mentioned reality It applies all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, all should be considered as described in this specification.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the invention Range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of workpiece rivets production system, for being riveted to workpiece (200), it is characterised in that: including rack (10), Be set to upper layer pipeline (20) on the rack (10), discharging device (30), riveting set (40), lower moving device (50), Lower layer's pipeline (60) and ascending unit (70), lower layer's pipeline (60) are set under the upper layer pipeline (20) Side, the lower moving device (50) and the ascending unit (70) are set to the opposite both ends of the rack (10) and are connected to described Circulation is constituted between upper layer pipeline (20) and lower layer's pipeline (60);The discharging device (30) is to be riveted for fixing The workpiece (200), and be moved to the lower sections of the riveting set (40) in the case where the upper layer pipeline (20) drives;It is described Riveting set (40) is used to carry out the workpiece (200) riveting and forms finished workpart, and the lower moving device (50) will be for that will put The discharging device (30) for being equipped with the finished workpart is moved to lower layer's pipeline by the upper layer pipeline (20) (60), the ascending unit (70) is for being conveyed the discharging device (30) for being placed with the finished workpart by the lower layer Line (60) is back to the upper layer pipeline (20);The upper layer pipeline (20) includes guide rail (21) and transfer mechanism (23), The guide rail (21) extends and is fixed on the rack (10), the transfer mechanism along the workpiece (200) moving direction It (23) include transfer actuator and planker (231), the discharging device (30) connect with the planker (231), and in the shifting It carries and is slidably disposed in the guide rail along the workpiece (200) moving direction with the planker (231) under the driving of actuator (21) on;Location hole (320) and driving hole (321) are offered on the discharging device (30), the transfer mechanism (23) includes The positioning component (232) being set on the rack (10) and the transmission component (233) being set on the planker (231), institute Stating positioning component (232) includes locating piece (2321) and Locating driver part (2323), and the transmission component (233) includes driving member (2331) and actuator (2332) are driven;The locating piece (2321) is scalable under the driving of the Locating driver part (2323) Ground is inserted in the location hole (320), and the relatively described guide rail (21) of the discharging device (30) is fixed;The driving member (2331) it is telescopically inserted in the driving hole (321) under the driving of transmission actuator (2332), with described Planker (231) drives the discharging device (30) to slide along the guide rail (21).
2. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the discharging device (30) includes in tooling Laminate (31), tooling lower plywood (32) and connecting column (33) offer sliding slot (210) on guide rail (21) extending direction, For the tooling top plate (31) for fixing the workpiece (200), the tooling lower plywood (32) is set to the tooling upper layer It below plate (31), and is slidably connected in the sliding slot (210), the location hole (320) and the driving hole (321) are set It is placed on the tooling lower plywood (32), the connecting column (33) is connected axially to the tooling top plate (31) and the tooling Between lower plywood (32).
3. workpiece as claimed in claim 2 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the transfer mechanism (23) includes being set to Jacking part on the planker (231), one end of the connecting column (33) is fixedly connected with the tooling top plate (31), described The other end of connecting column (33) is arranged in the tooling lower plywood (32), and the jacking part is for driving the connecting column (33) Relatively described tooling lower plywood (32) lifting of the tooling top plate (31) is driven along axial.
4. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the riveting set (40) includes removable Mounting table (41) that ground is set on the guide rail (21), the riveting machine (42) for being set to the mounting table (41), laterally Adjust component (43) and vertical adjustment component (45), the lateral adjustments component (43) include operating parts (430) and with it is described The screw rod of operating parts (430) connection, the vertical adjustment component (45) include limited block (450), longitudinal supporting member (452), pad Piece (454) and fastener (456);The screw rod is set to the mounting table (41) along the direction of the parallel guide rail (21) It is connect between the guide rail (21) and with the riveting machine (42), the operating parts (430) is set to one end of the screw rod And expose to the riveting machine (42) outside;The limited block (450) is fixed on the mounting table (41) and is located at the riveting Pick (42) periphery, and the gasket (454) is separably held between the limited block (450) and the riveting machine (42), The longitudinal direction supporting member (452) is set on the limited block (450) along the direction of the vertical guide rail (21) and holds out against described Gasket (454), the fastener (456) are fixedly connected between the riveting machine (42) and the mounting table (41).
5. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the lower moving device (50) shifts under including Drop plate moves down lifters (52), moves down actuator (53) and move down driving member, it is described move down lifters (52) be connected to it is described Between upper layer pipeline (20) and lower layer's pipeline (60), it is described move down driving member and be connected to described move down actuator (53) And it is described move down between lifters (52), the lifter plate that moves down is set to described one end for moving down lifters (52), with institute It states and moves down lifters (52) and be displaced between the upper layer pipeline (20) and lower layer's pipeline (60).
6. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: lower layer's pipeline (60) includes transmission Part (61), transmission actuator (62) and pushing block (63), the first pushing block actuator (64) being all set on the rack (10) With the second pushing block actuator (65), the transmission parts (61) drive under the driving of transmission actuator (62) is placed with described To close to the ascending unit (70) movement, the pushing block (63) pushes away the discharging device (30) of finished workpart described first It is mobile to the close transmission parts (61) direction under the driving of block actuator (64), and in the second pushing block actuator (65) The discharging device (30) for being placed with the finished workpart is pushed into the ascending unit (70) under driving.
7. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the ascending unit (70) includes uplink liter Plate, uplink lifters (72), uplink actuator (73) and uplink driving member drop, and the uplink lifters (72) are connected to described Between upper layer pipeline (20) and lower layer's pipeline (60), the uplink driving member is connected to the uplink actuator (73) Between the uplink lifters (72), the uplink lifter plate is set to one end of the uplink lifters (72), with institute Uplink lifters (72) are stated to be displaced between the upper layer pipeline (20) and lower layer's pipeline (60).
8. workpiece as described in claim 1 rivets production system, it is characterised in that: the workpiece (200) includes washing machine back Plate (201) and the stiffening plate (203) being riveted on the washing machine back plate (201).
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CN111434423B (en) * 2019-01-14 2022-04-05 洪程汽车零部件(上海)有限公司 Steel nail spin riveting system of ring-pressing reaction disc in automobile steering wheel
CN111731756B (en) * 2020-07-10 2021-06-04 苏州浦一电子商务有限公司 Intelligent logistics displacement adjusting device and working method thereof
CN114313865A (en) * 2022-01-20 2022-04-12 深圳市誉辰智能装备股份有限公司 Working machine

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