CN106602938A - Agricultural machinery and controller thereof - Google Patents

Agricultural machinery and controller thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106602938A
CN106602938A CN201611065907.1A CN201611065907A CN106602938A CN 106602938 A CN106602938 A CN 106602938A CN 201611065907 A CN201611065907 A CN 201611065907A CN 106602938 A CN106602938 A CN 106602938A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
resistance
field effect
pin
effect transistor
main control
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CN201611065907.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林桂清
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林桂清
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Priority to CN201611065907.1A priority Critical patent/CN106602938A/en
Publication of CN106602938A publication Critical patent/CN106602938A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/10Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters
    • H02K7/116Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters with gears
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02PCONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, ELECTRIC GENERATORS OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS
    • H02P6/00Arrangements for controlling synchronous motors or other dynamo-electric motors using electronic commutation dependent on the rotor position; Electronic commutators therefor
    • H02P6/08Arrangements for controlling the speed or torque of a single motor

Abstract

The invention discloses agricultural machinery and controller thereof. The agricultural machinery includes a rack and a motor, a control device, a transmission device, a waling device and an operation device which are located on the rack, the motor is connected with the control device through a wire, and the motor is connected with the transmission device through a motor power shaft chain wheel connected on the motor; and the transmission device is connected with the walking device and the operation device. The agricultural machinery provided by the invention cannot only improve the agricultural mechanization level and work efficiency, shortens working time of agricultural production, but also realizes the problem of one tool with multiple uses.

Description

A kind of agricultural machinery and its controller
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of agricultural machinery and its controller.
Background technology
Agricultural modernization refers to the process of conversion and means from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.In this mistake of agricultural modernization Cheng Zhong, agricultural are increasingly armed with modern industry, modern science and technology and modern economic management method, make agricultural productive force The agricultural of contemporary world advanced level is increasingly converted into by backward traditional agriculture.Agricultural modernization may be summarized to be " four change ", That is mechanization, chemicalization, irrigation and electrification.Mechanization is come into the top priority of agricultural modernization.So-called agricultural machinery Change, refer to the manual labour for replacing manpower with sophisticated equipment, large area is using machinery in each link before, during and after the production process It is turned into industry, so as to the physical strength for reducing working, raises labour efficiency.Be theoretically so, but in mountain area, knob, As land area is less, the application of mechanization is limited, or even cannot be using machinery.Mechanization of agriculture also exists such Problem:Due to the presence of country labor force transfer reemployment problem, rural laborer is caused to reduce in a large number, most of rural area work Power is worked in city throughout the year, and only part rural laborer is in summer harvest time, harvest time and, in farmland operation, has a strong impact on Rural area Mechanization Level.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of agricultural machinery and its controller, with asking for solving to propose in above-mentioned background technology Topic.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of agricultural machinery and its controller, including frame and the motor in the frame, control device, actuating device, OK Walking apparatus and apparatus for work, the motor are connected with the control device by electric wire, and the motor is by being connected thereto Motor power axle sprocket wheel be connected with the actuating device;The actuating device is filled with the running gear, the operation respectively Put connected;The control device is connected with external accumulator by both positive and negative polarity permutator;Being additionally provided with the frame can be with Place the power supply base of external accumulator;The control device includes speed adjusting module and main control module, the speed adjusting module collection The signal that main control module goes out, so as to controlled motor rotating speed, speed adjusting module include combine field effect transistor Q1, combination field effect transistor Q2, Various circuit signals in three-phase brushless dc motor are analyzed by combination field effect transistor Q3 and resistance R17, the main control module And control including all modules including speed adjusting module, main control module includes microcontroller IC, electric capacity C1 and electric capacity C2;The tune In fast module, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin S2 connection outfan IV are simultaneously grounded, and combination field effect transistor Q1 pin G2 connects respectively Resistance R15 and earth resistance R21, the resistance R15 other end connects main control module microprocessor IC pin P21, combines field effect transistor Q1 pins S1 connects 24V power supplys and resistance R17 respectively, and the resistance R17 other ends connect resistance R19 and combination field effect transistor Q1 respectively The connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 drain electrodes of pin G1, the resistance R19 other end, insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 source electrodes connection electricity Resistance R20 is simultaneously grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects the resistance R20 other ends and resistance R16, the resistance R16 other ends respectively Connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P20, it is micro- that combination field effect transistor Q1 pin D1 and pin D2 is both connected to main control module Processor IC pin P16;The combination field effect transistor Q2 pin S2 connection outfan IU are simultaneously grounded, and combine field effect transistor Q2 pin G2 connects resistance R1 and earth resistance R2, resistance R1 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P23, combined field respectively Effect pipe Q2 pins S1 connects 24V power supplys and resistance R3 respectively, and the resistance R3 other ends connect resistance R4 and combination field effect respectively Pipe Q2 pin G1, the connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 drain electrodes of the resistance R4 other ends, insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 source electrodes connect Connecting resistance R6 is simultaneously grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects the resistance R6 other ends and resistance R5, the resistance R5 other ends respectively Connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P22, it is micro- that combination field effect transistor Q2 pin D1 and pin D2 is both connected to main control module Processor IC pin P17;The combination field effect transistor Q3 pin S2 connection outfan IW are simultaneously grounded, and combine field effect transistor Q3 pin G2 connects resistance R8 and earth resistance R9, resistance R8 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P25, combined field respectively Effect pipe Q3 pins S1 connects 24V power supplys and resistance R10 respectively, and the resistance R10 other ends connect resistance R11 and combined field effect respectively Should pipe Q3 pin G1, the connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT3 drain electrode of the resistance R11 other ends, insulating gate type field effect tube VT3 source electrodes Connection resistance R13 is simultaneously grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT3 grid connects the resistance R13 other ends and resistance R12, resistance R12 respectively The other end connects main control module microprocessor IC pin P24, and combination field effect transistor Q3 pin D1 and pin D2 is both connected to master control Module microprocessor IC pin P14;In the main control module, microprocessor IC pins RST connects ground capacity C1 and electricity respectively Resistance R22, the resistance R22 other ends connect 5V power supplys and resistance R23 respectively, and the resistance R23 other ends connect earth resistance R24 respectively and connect Ground electric capacity C2 and microprocessor IC pin P31, microprocessor IC pins VSS connection electric capacity C3 is simultaneously grounded, and the electric capacity C3 other ends connect Micro processor leg LDO_CAP is met, microprocessor IC pins VDD connection 5V power supplys, microprocessor IC pins P26 connect resistance R, The resistance R other ends connect ground capacity C4.
As further scheme of the invention:The running gear includes the support shaft for being arranged on frame lower end, and described The axle connecting bracket that support shaft is connected, positioned at the walking driven shaft of the axle connecting bracket front end, positioned at the axle connecting bracket The walking driving shaft of rear end, the walking passive gear arranged on the walking driven shaft, the walking master that the walking driving shaft is arranged Driving wheel, the traveling crawler being connected with the walking passive gear and the walking driver gear are fixedly connected on the transmission driving shaft On track drive disk and walking driving shaft sprocket wheel, and the support shaft duplicate sprocket being fixedly connected in the support shaft;Institute State support shaft duplicate sprocket to be connected with the motor power axle sprocket wheel by the first driving chain, the support shaft duplicate sprocket leads to Cross the second driving chain to be connected with the walking driving shaft sprocket wheel.
As further scheme of the invention:Microprocessor IC models M0516LAN, the combination field effect transistor Q1, combination field effect transistor Q2, combination field effect transistor Q3 model are AO4601.
As further scheme of the invention:The apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft and working rig, and the operation is passed One-way chain wheel is provided with moving axis, the One-way chain wheel is connected with the motor power axle sprocket wheel by operation driving chain.
As further scheme of the invention:The apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft and working rig, and the operation is passed One-way chain wheel is provided with moving axis, the One-way chain wheel is connected with the motor power axle sprocket wheel by operation driving chain.
As further scheme of the invention:The control device includes the electric machine controller being connected with each other by electric wire With handle controlling switch, the electric machine controller is connected with the motor, the both positive and negative polarity permutator respectively by electric wire.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The present invention can not only improve level of farming mechanization and Work efficiency, shortens the working time of agricultural production, but also realizes a kind of various problems for utilizing of instrument.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of agricultural machinery and its controller.
Fig. 2 is speed adjusting module circuit diagram in agricultural machinery and its controller.
Fig. 3 is main control module circuit diagram in agricultural machinery and its controller.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described.
Fig. 1~3 are referred to, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of agricultural machinery and its controller, including frame and it is located at the machine Motor, control device, actuating device, running gear and apparatus for work on frame, the motor is by electric wire and the control dress Put and be connected, the motor is connected with the actuating device by the motor power axle sprocket wheel being connected thereto;The transmission dress Put and be connected with the running gear, the apparatus for work respectively;The control device passes through both positive and negative polarity permutator and external storage Battery is connected;The power supply base that can place external accumulator is additionally provided with the frame;The control device includes speed governing Module and main control module, the signal that the speed adjusting module collection main control module goes out, so as to controlled motor rotating speed, speed adjusting module includes Combination field effect transistor Q1, combination field effect transistor Q2, combination field effect transistor Q3 and resistance R17, the main control module is by three-phase brushless In direct current generator, various circuit signals are analyzed and control including all modules including speed adjusting module, and main control module includes micro- Controller IC, electric capacity C1 and electric capacity C2;In the speed adjusting module, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin S2 connection outfan IV simultaneously connect Ground, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin G2 connect resistance R15 and earth resistance R21, resistance R15 other ends connection main control module respectively Microprocessor IC pin P21, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin S1 connect 24V power supplys and resistance R17, the resistance R17 other ends respectively Connect resistance R19 and combination field effect transistor Q1 pin G1, the connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 leakages of the resistance R19 other ends respectively Pole, insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 source electrodes connection resistance R20 are simultaneously grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects resistance respectively The R20 other ends and resistance R16, resistance R16 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P20, combine field effect transistor Q1 Pin D1 and pin D2 are both connected to main control module microprocessor IC pin P16;The combination field effect transistor Q2 pin S2 connections Outfan IU is simultaneously grounded, and combination field effect transistor Q2 pin G2 connects resistance R1 and earth resistance R2 respectively, and the resistance R1 other ends connect Main control module microprocessor IC pin P23 are met, combination field effect transistor Q2 pin S1 connects 24V power supplys and resistance R3, resistance respectively The R3 other ends connect resistance R4 and combination field effect transistor Q2 pin G1, resistance R4 other ends connection insulating gate type field effect tube respectively VT2 drains, and insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 source electrodes connection resistance R6 is simultaneously grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects respectively The resistance R6 other ends and resistance R5, resistance R5 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P22, combine field effect transistor Q2 Pin D1 and pin D2 are both connected to main control module microprocessor IC pin P17;The combination field effect transistor Q3 pin S2 connections Outfan IW is simultaneously grounded, and combination field effect transistor Q3 pin G2 connects resistance R8 and earth resistance R9 respectively, and the resistance R8 other ends connect Main control module microprocessor IC pin P25 are met, combination field effect transistor Q3 pin S1 connects 24V power supplys and resistance R10, resistance respectively The R10 other ends connect resistance R11 and combination field effect transistor Q3 pin G1, resistance R11 other ends connection insulated-gate type field effect respectively Should pipe VT3 drain electrodes, insulating gate type field effect tube VT3 source electrodes connection resistance R13 is simultaneously grounded, edge grid-type field effect transistor VT3 grid point Not Lian Jie the resistance R13 other ends and resistance R12, the resistance R12 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P24, combination Field effect transistor Q3 pin D1 and pin D2 are both connected to main control module microprocessor IC pin P14;In the main control module, micro- place Reason device IC pins RST connects ground capacity C1 and resistance R22 respectively, and the resistance R22 other ends connect 5V power supplys and resistance respectively R23, the resistance R23 other end connects earth resistance R24 ground capacities C2 and microprocessor IC pin P31, microprocessor IC respectively Pin VSS connects electric capacity C3 and is grounded, the electric capacity C3 other ends connection micro processor leg LDO_CAP, microprocessor IC pin VDD Connection 5V power supplys, microprocessor IC pins P26 connection resistance R, resistance R other ends connection ground capacity C4.The running gear Including the support shaft for being arranged on frame lower end, the axle connecting bracket being connected with the support shaft, before the axle connecting bracket The walking driven shaft at end, the walking arranged on the walking driving shaft of the axle connecting bracket rear end, the walking driven shaft Driven pulley, the walking driver gear that the walking driving shaft is arranged, is connected with the walking passive gear and the walking driver gear Traveling crawler, the track drive disk being fixedly connected on the transmission driving shaft and walking driving shaft sprocket wheel, and be fixedly connected Support shaft duplicate sprocket in the support shaft;The support shaft duplicate sprocket passes through the first driving chain and the motor Power axle sprocket wheel is connected, and the support shaft duplicate sprocket is connected with the walking driving shaft sprocket wheel by the second driving chain.Institute State microprocessor IC models M0516LAN, combination field effect transistor Q1, combination field effect transistor Q2, combination field effect transistor Q3 type Number it is AO4601.The apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft and working rig, is provided with unidirectional chain on the operation power transmission shaft Wheel, the One-way chain wheel are connected with the motor power axle sprocket wheel by operation driving chain.The apparatus for work includes operation Power transmission shaft and working rig, are provided with One-way chain wheel on the operation power transmission shaft, the One-way chain wheel by operation driving chain with The motor power axle sprocket wheel is connected.The control device includes the electric machine controller being connected with each other by electric wire and hand control Switch, the electric machine controller are connected with the motor, the both positive and negative polarity permutator respectively by electric wire.
The present invention operation principle be:The present invention include frame 25 and the motor 4, control device in frame 25, Actuating device, running gear and apparatus for work, motor 4 are connected with control device by electric wire 29, and motor 4 is by being connected to which On motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 be connected with actuating device;Actuating device is connected with running gear, apparatus for work respectively;Control dress Put and be connected with external accumulator 30 by both positive and negative polarity permutator 6;It is additionally provided with frame 25 and can places external accumulator 30 Power supply base 7.
Wherein, the running gear includes the support shaft 14 for being arranged on 25 lower end of frame, and the axle being connected with support shaft 14 is connected Support 15 is connect, positioned at the walking driven shaft 11 of 15 front end of axle connecting bracket, positioned at the walking driving shaft of 15 rear end of axle connecting bracket 17, the walking passive gear 10 arranged on driven shaft 11 of walking, the walking driver gear 20 that driving shaft 17 of walking is arranged are driven with walking The traveling crawler 13 that wheel 10 is connected with walking driver gear 20, and the track drive disk 19 being fixedly connected on transmission driving shaft 17 With walking driving shaft sprocket wheel 18, and the support shaft duplicate sprocket 12 being fixedly connected in support shaft 14,;The support shaft duplex Sprocket wheel 12 is connected with motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 by the first driving chain 9, by the second driving chain 16 and walking driving shaft chain Wheel 18 is connected;Support shaft 14 is located at walking driving shaft 17 and walks driven shaft 11 therebetween.
The apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft 2 and working rig 22, and on operation power transmission shaft, 2 are provided with One-way chain wheel 1, One-way chain wheel 1 is connected with motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 by operation driving chain 3;The working rig 22 is seeding operation machine, fertilising At least one in working rig, ploughing and weeding working rig, weeding working rig, ridging working rig, ridging working rig.
The control device includes electric machine controller 8 and the handle controlling switch 26 being connected with each other by electric wire 29, motor Controller 8 is connected with motor 4, both positive and negative polarity permutator 6 respectively by electric wire 29;Wherein, handle controlling switch includes that advance is opened Close 28, retreat switch 27 and rotary speed regulator 26.
25 lower end of the frame is additionally provided with support trailing wheel 24 and adjustable support lower limb 21, and the support trailing wheel is can be with 360 ° The movable castor 23 of rotation.
The using method of the multi-function operation agricultural machinery and implement of the present invention is very easy.First, according to operation needs, multi-functional Connect a kind of, two kinds or more of working rigs 22 in the frame 25 of operation agricultural machinery and implement, when connecting two kinds or more of in frame 25 During working rig 22, these working rigs 22 are in one line according to tandem on the fore-and-aft direction of frame 25, each working rig 22 On operation power transmission shaft 2 be connected by operation driving chain 3;Secondly, suitable external accumulator 30 is selected as multi-functional External accumulator 30 is placed on the power supply in frame 25 by the power source of operation agricultural machinery and implement, the such as accumulator of common electric car On base 7, external accumulator 30 is connected with both positive and negative polarity permutator 6 by electric wire 29, so as to make electric machine controller 8 with it is outer Connect accumulator 30 to be connected.
After multi-function operation agricultural machinery and implement are connected by operator, handle controlling switch is adjusted to the position of the switch 28 that advances Put, as handle controlling switch is connected with electric machine controller 8 by electric wire 29, such electric machine controller 8 just obtains the finger for advancing Order, electric machine controller 8 will controlled motor 4 work, motor 4 output power rotate motor power axle sprocket wheel 5, motor power axle Sprocket wheel 5 drives the support shaft duplicate sprocket 12 in support shaft 14 to rotate by the first driving chain 9, the support shaft duplex chain of rotation Wheel 12 drives the walking driving shaft sprocket wheel 18 being fixedly connected on walking driving shaft 17 to rotate by the second driving chain 16, walks Driving shaft sprocket wheel 18 rotarily drives walking driving shaft 17 and synchronizes rotation, and driving shaft 17 of walking is driven by crawler belt disposed thereon Moving plate 19 drives walking driver gear 20 to rotate, and walking driver gear 20 drives walking passive gear 10 to synchronize by traveling crawler 13 Rotate, so that whole multi-function operation agricultural machinery is walked forward;At the same time, motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 passes through operation driving-chain Bar 3 drives One-way chain wheel 1 to rotate, and One-way chain wheel 1 drives operation power transmission shaft 2 to rotate therewith, now, due to operation power transmission shaft 2 Rotate, the All Jobs machine 22 connected in frame 2 can all be started working.Operator can be according to the leg speed of oneself, by adjusting Save rotary speed regulator 26 to adjust the pace of multi-function operation agricultural machinery.
When multi-function operation agricultural machinery and implement are forwarded to the one end in farmland, when needing to turn or turn direction, operator Only handle controlling switch need to be adjusted to the position for retreating switch 27, as handle controlling switch passes through electric wire 29 and motor control Device 8 is connected, and such electric machine controller 8 just obtains the instruction for retreating, electric machine controller 8 will controlled motor 4, controlled motor 4 is defeated Setting out to make every effort to promote rotates backward motor power axle sprocket wheel 5, and counter-rotational motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 passes through the first driving chain 9 The support shaft duplicate sprocket 12 in support shaft 14 is driven to reversely rotate, the support shaft duplicate sprocket 12 of reverse rotation is passed by second Dynamic chain 16 drives the walking driving shaft sprocket wheel 18 being fixedly connected on walking driving shaft 17 to reversely rotate, driving shaft sprocket wheel of walking 18 reverse rotation equally drives walking driving shaft 17 to synchronize rotation, and driving shaft 17 of walking is driven by crawler belt disposed thereon Moving plate 19 drives walking driver gear 20 to rotate backward, and walking driver gear 20 drives walking passive gear 10 therewith by traveling crawler 13 Synchronous backward is rotated, so that whole multi-function operation agricultural machinery is walked backward;At the same time, motor power axle sprocket wheel 5 is by making Industry driving chain 3 drives One-way chain wheel 1 to reversely rotate, due to being provided with One-way chain wheel 1 on operation power transmission shaft 2, due to single-line chains 1 characteristic of of wheel itself, One-way chain wheel 1 can dally in the case where operation driving chain 3 drives, that is, One-way chain wheel 1 can't be with action Industry power transmission shaft 2 is rotated, and working rig 22 would not also be operated.Therefore when multi-function operation agricultural machinery and implement carry out retreating walking, Various working rigs 22 are all without participation work.
Alignment circuit is coupled for Y with the three-phase windings of motor, when electric current is from insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 and insulated gate When type field effect transistor VT2 is turned on, electric current flows into IU phase windings from VT1, then flow back into power supply from IW phase winding Jing VT2.If recognized Constant current enters torque produced by the electric current of winding for just, then be negative from the torque produced by winding.When motor turns over 60 degree Afterwards, it is powered by insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 and insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 and changes insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 and absolutely into Edge grid-type field effect transistor VT3 is powered.At this moment, electric current flows into IV phase windings from insulating gate type field effect tube VT3, then from IW phase windings Flow out Jing insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 and return to power supply, the direction for now synthesizing torque T has turned over 60 degree of electrical angles.It is then every One insulating gate type field effect tube of secondary commutation, synthesis torque vector direction is just with turning over 60 degree of electrical angles.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of spirit or essential attributes without departing substantially from the present invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as and limit involved claim.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although this specification is been described by according to embodiment, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using description as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment can also Jing it is appropriately combined, form those skilled in the art Understandable other embodiment.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of agricultural machinery and its controller, including frame and the motor in the frame, control device, actuating device, Running gear and apparatus for work, it is characterised in that the motor is connected with the control device by electric wire, the motor lead to Cross the motor power axle sprocket wheel being connected thereto to be connected with the actuating device;The actuating device is filled with the walking respectively Put, the apparatus for work is connected;The control device is connected with external accumulator by both positive and negative polarity permutator;In the frame It is additionally provided with the power supply base that can place external accumulator;The control device includes speed adjusting module and main control module, described The signal that speed adjusting module collection main control module goes out, so as to controlled motor rotating speed, speed adjusting module includes combining field effect transistor Q1, combination Various circuits in three-phase brushless dc motor are believed by field effect transistor Q2, combination field effect transistor Q3 and resistance R17, the main control module Number it is analyzed and controls including all modules including speed adjusting module, main control module includes microcontroller IC, electric capacity C1 and electricity Hold C2;In the speed adjusting module, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin S2 connection outfan IV are simultaneously grounded, and combine field effect transistor Q1 pin G2 connects resistance R15 and earth resistance R21, resistance R15 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P21, group respectively Close field effect transistor Q1 pin S1 and connect 24V power supplys and resistance R17 respectively, the resistance R17 other ends connect resistance R19 and combination respectively The connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 drain electrodes of field effect transistor Q1 pin G1, the resistance R19 other end, insulating gate type field effect tube VT1 Source electrode connects resistance R20 and is grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects the resistance R20 other ends and resistance R16 respectively, electricity Resistance R16 other end connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P20, combination field effect transistor Q1 pin D1 and pin D2 are both connected to Main control module microprocessor IC pin P16;The combination field effect transistor Q2 pin S2 connection outfan IU are simultaneously grounded, combined field effect Should pipe Q2 pins G2 connect resistance R1 and earth resistance R2 respectively, resistance R1 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pins P23, combination field effect transistor Q2 pin S1 connect 24V power supplys and resistance R3 respectively, the resistance R3 other ends connect respectively resistance R4 and Combination field effect transistor Q2 pin G1, the connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 drain electrodes of the resistance R4 other ends, insulating gate type field effect tube VT2 source electrodes connect resistance R6 and are grounded, and edge grid-type field effect transistor VT1 grid connects the resistance R6 other ends and resistance R5 respectively, electricity Resistance R5 other end connection main control module microprocessor IC pin P22, combination field effect transistor Q2 pin D1 and pin D2 are both connected to Main control module microprocessor IC pin P17;The combination field effect transistor Q3 pin S2 connection outfan IW are simultaneously grounded, combined field effect Should pipe Q3 pins G2 connect resistance R8 and earth resistance R9 respectively, resistance R8 other ends connection main control module microprocessor IC pins P25, combination field effect transistor Q3 pin S1 connect 24V power supplys and resistance R10 respectively, and the resistance R10 other ends connect resistance R11 respectively With combination field effect transistor Q3 pin G1, the connection insulating gate type field effect tube VT3 drain electrodes of the resistance R11 other ends, insulated-gate type field effect Should the connection of pipe VT3 source electrodes resistance R13 be grounded, edge grid-type field effect transistor VT3 grid connects the resistance R13 other ends and resistance respectively R12, the resistance R12 other end connects main control module microprocessor IC pin P24, and field effect transistor Q3 pin D1 and pin D2 is equal for combination It is connected to main control module microprocessor IC pin P14;In the main control module, microprocessor IC pins RST connects ground connection respectively Electric capacity C1 and resistance R22, the resistance R22 other end connects 5V power supplys and resistance R23 respectively, and the resistance R23 other ends connect respectively and connect Ground resistance R24 ground capacities C2 and microprocessor IC pin P31, microprocessor IC pins VSS connect electric capacity C3 and are grounded, electric capacity The C3 other ends connect micro processor leg LDO_CAP, microprocessor IC pins VDD connection 5V power supplys, microprocessor IC pin P26 Connection resistance R, resistance R other ends connection ground capacity C4.
2. agricultural machinery according to claim 1 and its controller, it is characterised in that the running gear includes being arranged on frame The support shaft of lower end, the axle connecting bracket being connected with the support shaft, positioned at the walking driven shaft of the axle connecting bracket front end, The walking passive gear arranged on the walking driving shaft of the axle connecting bracket rear end, the walking driven shaft, the walking The walking driver gear that driving shaft is arranged, the traveling crawler being connected with the walking passive gear and the walking driver gear are fixed to connect The track drive disk being connected on the transmission driving shaft and walking driving shaft sprocket wheel, and be fixedly connected in the support shaft Support shaft duplicate sprocket;The support shaft duplicate sprocket is connected with the motor power axle sprocket wheel by the first driving chain, institute State support shaft duplicate sprocket to be connected with the walking driving shaft sprocket wheel by the second driving chain.
3. agricultural machinery according to claim 1 and its controller, it is characterised in that the microprocessor IC models M0516LAN, combination field effect transistor Q1, combination field effect transistor Q2, combination field effect transistor Q3 model are AO4601.
4. agricultural machinery according to claim 1 and its controller, it is characterised in that the apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft And working rig, One-way chain wheel is provided with the operation power transmission shaft, the One-way chain wheel passes through operation driving chain and the electricity Mechanomotive force axle sprocket wheel is connected.
5. agricultural machinery according to claim 2 and its controller, it is characterised in that the apparatus for work includes operation power transmission shaft And working rig, One-way chain wheel is provided with the operation power transmission shaft, the One-way chain wheel passes through operation driving chain and the electricity Mechanomotive force axle sprocket wheel is connected.
6. the agricultural machinery and its controller according to any claim in claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the control dress Put including the electric machine controller and handle controlling switch being connected with each other by electric wire, the electric machine controller by electric wire respectively with The motor, the both positive and negative polarity permutator are connected.
CN201611065907.1A 2016-11-28 2016-11-28 Agricultural machinery and controller thereof Pending CN106602938A (en)

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CN104854985A (en) * 2014-02-23 2015-08-26 许喜运 Electric cultivator

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CN104854985A (en) * 2014-02-23 2015-08-26 许喜运 Electric cultivator
CN103918371A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-16 王奎武 Multifunctional operating agricultural implement
CN204498035U (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-07-22 中山市恒和电子科技有限公司 A kind of three-phase brushless dc motor rotating-speed control circuit

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Application publication date: 20170426