CN106594747A - Improved harmless garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Improved harmless garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106594747A
CN106594747A CN201710061544.2A CN201710061544A CN106594747A CN 106594747 A CN106594747 A CN 106594747A CN 201710061544 A CN201710061544 A CN 201710061544A CN 106594747 A CN106594747 A CN 106594747A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire grate
heater
incinerator
furnace
improved
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710061544.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106594747B (en
Inventor
严志谋
Original Assignee
严志谋
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 严志谋 filed Critical 严志谋
Priority to CN201710061544.2A priority Critical patent/CN106594747B/en
Publication of CN106594747A publication Critical patent/CN106594747A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106594747B publication Critical patent/CN106594747B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/027Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment pyrolising or gasifying stage
    • F23G5/0276Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment pyrolising or gasifying stage using direct heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/38Multi-hearth arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2201/00Pretreatment
    • F23G2201/40Gasification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/102Combustion in two or more stages with supplementary heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/106Combustion in two or more stages with recirculation of unburned solid or gaseous matter into combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2204/00Supplementary heating arrangements
    • F23G2204/10Supplementary heating arrangements using auxiliary fuel
    • F23G2204/101Supplementary heating arrangements using auxiliary fuel solid fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for incinerators
    • F23G2900/00001Exhaust gas recirculation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for incinerators
    • F23G2900/50204Waste pre-treatment by pyrolysis, gasification or cracking

Abstract

The invention provides an improved harmless garbage incinerator which is mainly composed of an incinerator body, an incinerator top cover, a fire grate, an assistant fire grate, a hearth, a fire door, a feeding hole, a circulating smoke tube, a flue gas cleaner, a frequency conversion fan, a fan, a flue, a tar collecting tube, a tar collecting tank and an incinerator internal circulating tube. The beneficial effects are as follows: 1, the combustion effect is further improved for the following reasons: the incinerator internal circulating tube is additionally arranged, most of gas after being combusted in the incinerator body continuously returns to the hearth between the fire grate and the assistant fire grate to burn through the incinerator internal circulating tube, and in addition, the flue is moved in a cavity between the fire grate and the assistant fire grate that is above the fire door opening from the original bottom of the incinerator body, so that the combusted airflow becomes unobstructed; 2, the environmental protection effect is further improved to realize zero waste gas emission, and the incinerator body is more reasonable in structure after the prior art is modified; and 3, fuel is saved.

Description

Improved innoxious incinerator

Technical field:The present invention relates to a kind of cooking stove for burning away the refuse, particularly a kind of improved innoxious rubbish Incinerator.

Background technology:Before the application, the applicant have submitted a entitled " innoxious incinerator " its patent Number be " 201620802372.0 " patent application.Although the patented product has larger strong point in use, one is there is also A little problems:1st, burning be obstructed, it is obstructed, affect efficiency of combustion, this essentially consists in, and waste gas row's mouth is located at the bottom of body of heater, namely The bottom of fire grate, in operation, main fire grate is easily blocked after falling by the ashes produced by upper strata pair fire grate combustion refuse, from And whole body of heater air current flow is obstructed, the fuel gas produced in carbonization gasification layer smooth can not go downwards to after-flame layer Active combustion is carried out, so as to still there is unburnt gas to discharge;2nd, fresh air supply is improper, because air inlet is located at main stove The upper space of row, 3, circulation channel it is few, an and simply outer circulation has thermal losses and is unfavorable for the collection of tar.

The content of the invention:It is an object of the present invention to be directed to that existing " innoxious incinerator " be present in use is upper Deficiency is stated, and proposes a kind of improved innoxious incinerator, it has more preferable combustion efficiency, unburned in the waste gas of discharge Most gas is further reduced, and environment protecting is also more preferable.

The object of the invention is capable of achieving by following technical proposals, a kind of improved innoxious incinerator, including body of heater, Furnace top cover, fire grate, secondary fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging aperture, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan, its feature It is, also including flue, tar collecting pipe, tar collecting pit, body of heater inner circulating tube;Charging aperture is located on furnace top cover, body of heater top End is provided with annular water tank, and the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover is inserted in annular water tank, and fire grate and secondary fire grate are all located under body of heater inner chamber Portion, secondary fire grate are located above fire grate, and burner hearth is designed with above fire grate and secondary fire grate, and flue is located at stove at the opening of body of heater inner chamber Between row and secondary fire grate, tar collecting pipe one end is connected with upper of furnace body inner chamber, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit, 2 with On body of heater inner circulating tube be located in the side wall of body of heater, one end open be located at upper of furnace body inner chamber, another end opening be located at pair Body of heater inner chamber between fire grate and fire grate, the air inlet of blower fan are located at the sidewall of the furnace body below fire grate, circulation smoke pipe one end and stove The inner chamber connection on body top, the other end are inserted in flue gas cleaner, and frequency conversion fan is connected with the side wall of burner hearth by pipeline one end, The other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, and fire door is located at sidewall of the furnace body.

To improve combustion efficiency, burner hearth is made up of interlayer, and the inwall of burner hearth is provided with through hole, and through hole presses ring

Shape layering is evenly arranged.

Effect of the invention is that:1st, combustion efficiency is further improved;This is that body of heater interior circulation is additionally arranged in this device Pipe, most of gas in body of heater after burning constantly return to the burner hearth between fire grate and secondary fire grate by body of heater inner circulating tube Middle burning, because being interior circulation, many tar and combustible further return in burner hearth burning again (then from flue gas in prior art Depurator is eliminated), so as to efficiency of combustion can be greatly improved;In addition, the flue in this device is moved by bottom of furnace body was located at originally The cavity arrived between fire grate and secondary fire grate namely the top of stove gate, this causes the air-flow for burning to become unobstructed, because, as long as Fire door is shut, flue can produce a very big draft, burning zone and the fuel gas of upper space can be made to go downwards to after-flame Layer is more fully burnt, so as to improve combustion efficiency;2nd, environment protecting is further improved, and be can reach and is externally arranged without waste gas Put, this device makes furnace binding more reasonable after transforming to prior art, and body of heater inner chamber effectively divide into drying by it Layer, carbonization gasification layer, burning zone, after-flame layer, and make that the gas of inner chamber circulates repeatedly burning repeatedly and the time of staying is long, So that wherein environmentally harmful carbon monoxide, hydrogen, methane and severe toxicity bioxin etc. fully can be removed, so as to can Environment protecting is further improved, external non-exhaust emission is reached;3rd, fuel is saved, this device is except being initially required some fuel Make device enter normal operation for refuse gasification, be no longer needed for thereafter external fuel, because this device has very high burning Efficiency, all Organic substances in rubbish can be gasified and fully completely be burnt by it, and these heat energy maintain device enough It is normal to run, so as to many fuel can be saved.

Description of the drawings:

Structural representation of the accompanying drawing 1 for the present invention;

Accompanying drawing 2 is the sectional view at accompanying drawing 1A~A.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is expanded on further to the present invention:

Specific embodiment:

Referring to accompanying drawing 1,2, a kind of improved innoxious incinerator, it is mainly by body of heater 1, furnace top cover 2, fire grate 3, pair Fire grate 4, burner hearth 5, fire door 6, charging aperture 7, circulation smoke pipe 8, flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion fan 10, blower fan 11, flue 12, tar Collecting pipe 13, tar collecting pit 14, body of heater inner circulating tube 15 are constituted.Charging aperture 7 is located on furnace top cover 2.1 top ends of body of heater are provided with Annular water tank, the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover 2 are inserted in annular water tank.Fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 are all located at the bottom of 1 inner chamber of body of heater, secondary Fire grate 4 is located above fire grate 3, is designed with burner hearth 5 above fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4.Burner hearth 5 is made up of interlayer, the inwall of burner hearth 5 Through hole is provided with, through hole is evenly arranged by annular segment.Flue 12 is located at fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 at the opening of 1 inner chamber of body of heater Between, 13 one end of tar collecting pipe is connected with 1 upper lumen of body of heater, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit 14, tar collecting pipe Valve 16 is provided with 13.The body of heater inner circulating tube 15 of more than 2 is located in the side wall of body of heater 1, and one end open is located at 1 top of body of heater Inner chamber, another end opening is located at 1 inner chamber of body of heater between secondary fire grate 4 and fire grate 3.The air inlet of blower fan 11 is located under fire grate 3 The 1 side wall of body of heater of side.Circulation 8 one end of smoke pipe is connected with the inner chamber on 1 top of body of heater, and the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion Blower fan 10 is connected with the side wall of burner hearth 5 by pipeline one end, and the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner 9.Fire door 6 is located at 1 side of body of heater Wall.

The operational process of this device is:Part pilot fuel (pilot fuel can be the fuel such as timber, coal) is passed through Fire door 6 is put in burner hearth 5, and rubbish is poured in furnace chamber from charging aperture 7, and rubbish is blocked by secondary fire grate 4;Pilot fuel is ignited, Near the rubbish and one combust of pilot fuel of pilot fuel, the rubbish on top is then gasified at high temperature, the flue gas of burning The a part of Jing flues 12 of gas, circulation smoke pipe 8 with gasification, flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion fan 10 are admitted in burner hearth 5 again Burning, the circulation are constantly reciprocal;But major part is then sent to after-flame layer namely fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 by body of heater inner circulating tube 15 Between carry out iterative cycles burning in body of heater cavity.When needing to collect tar, valve 16 is opened, the combustible gas for carrying tar leads to The burning of body of heater inner chamber is fed again into after crossing tar collecting pipe 13, tar collecting pit 14, tar is then received in tar collecting pit 14 Collection.According to the situation of burning, extraneous air can be input into by blower fan 11 toward in stove.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of improved innoxious incinerator, including body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, secondary fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging Mouth, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan, it is characterised in that also receive including flue, tar collecting pipe, tar Ji Chi, body of heater inner circulating tube;Charging aperture is located on furnace top cover, and body of heater top ends are provided with annular water tank, and the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover is inserted In annular water tank, fire grate and secondary fire grate are all located at the bottom of body of heater inner chamber, and secondary fire grate is located above fire grate, fire grate and secondary fire grate Top is designed with burner hearth, and flue is located between fire grate and secondary fire grate at the opening of body of heater inner chamber, tar collecting pipe one end and stove Body upper lumen connects, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit, and the body of heater inner circulating tube of more than 2 is located in the side wall of body of heater, One end open is located at the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, another end opening is located at the body of heater inner chamber between secondary fire grate and fire grate, and blower fan enters Air port is located at the sidewall of the furnace body below fire grate, and circulation smoke pipe one end is connected with the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, and it is net that the other end is inserted in flue gas Change in device, frequency conversion fan is connected with the side wall of burner hearth by pipeline one end, and the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, and fire door is located at stove Body sidewall.
2. improved innoxious incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that burner hearth is made up of interlayer, stove The inwall of thorax is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged by annular segment.
CN201710061544.2A 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator CN106594747B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710061544.2A CN106594747B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710061544.2A CN106594747B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

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CN106594747A true CN106594747A (en) 2017-04-26
CN106594747B CN106594747B (en) 2018-06-15

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155897A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-07-30 Gec阿尔松·斯坦工业公司 Fluidized bed reactor for the heat treatment of waste material
EP0805307A1 (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-11-05 Kurihara Kogyo Co., Ltd. Combustion system and combustion furnace
CN2308049Y (en) * 1997-03-18 1999-02-17 偰彪 Boiler with adiabatic combustion-supporting super-fire-grate and smoke secondary circulation region
CN2804612Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-08-09 阮玲君 Double-grate boiler for burning block-shape fuel
WO2012066179A1 (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-05-24 Suomen Kanton Oy Method and furnace for incinerating solid fuel
CN202581422U (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-12-05 严志谋 Gasified gas furnace with environmental friendliness and high thermal effect
CN204240362U (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-04-01 湖南玉道环保科技有限公司 Incinerator
CN105299884A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-03 于志远 Reversal combustion type boiler
CN106090927A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 严志谋 Innoxious incinerator
CN206504333U (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-09-19 严志谋 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155897A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-07-30 Gec阿尔松·斯坦工业公司 Fluidized bed reactor for the heat treatment of waste material
EP0805307A1 (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-11-05 Kurihara Kogyo Co., Ltd. Combustion system and combustion furnace
CN2308049Y (en) * 1997-03-18 1999-02-17 偰彪 Boiler with adiabatic combustion-supporting super-fire-grate and smoke secondary circulation region
CN2804612Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-08-09 阮玲君 Double-grate boiler for burning block-shape fuel
WO2012066179A1 (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-05-24 Suomen Kanton Oy Method and furnace for incinerating solid fuel
CN202581422U (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-12-05 严志谋 Gasified gas furnace with environmental friendliness and high thermal effect
CN204240362U (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-04-01 湖南玉道环保科技有限公司 Incinerator
CN105299884A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-03 于志远 Reversal combustion type boiler
CN106090927A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 严志谋 Innoxious incinerator
CN206504333U (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-09-19 严志谋 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

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