CN106592810B - A kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method - Google Patents

A kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method Download PDF

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CN106592810B
CN106592810B CN201611124455.XA CN201611124455A CN106592810B CN 106592810 B CN106592810 B CN 106592810B CN 201611124455 A CN201611124455 A CN 201611124455A CN 106592810 B CN106592810 B CN 106592810B
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clear water
water masonry
masonry
bricks
blue bricks
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CN106592810A (en
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王奇维
赵沛亮
李建
王永冬
郭钦涛
温飞峰
张江南
杨辉
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Work San Construction Group Co Ltd Is Built In Shaanxi
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Work San Construction Group Co Ltd Is Built In Shaanxi
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction methods, and this approach includes the following steps:Step 1: the Deepen Design of node, the node that the clear water masonry is constituted with concrete frame structure includes frame column, Vierendeel girder, door and window hole beam, constructional column, wall decoration and shaped window;Step 2: blue bricks cutting and drawknot anchor bar it is pre-buried;Step 3: concrete frame structure node outsourcing clear water masonry construction;Step 4: jointing:After the completion of concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones, unify jointing from top to bottom, the jointing form is flush joint, and the depth of the jointing is 6mm.The method of the present invention step is simple, reasonable design, easy construction and using effect is good, and clear water masonry is used carries out packet block according to the blue bricks of each node Deepen Design post-processing of concrete frame structure, keeps ancient architecture wall surface perception effect finer.

Description

A kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to building masonry structure field of engineering technology, and in particular to a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing is clear Water masonry construction method.
Background technology
The clear water masonry face of Chinese ancient architecture is substantially built by laying bricks or stones by building stones or blue bricks, does not have building structure on its surface Material is exposed.Modern ancient building primary structural material uses armored concrete, includes using main portions:Building frame construction, The positions such as exterior wall collar tie beam, door-window opening beam, exterior wall horizontal vertical moulding, outer wall column.In order to restore outside ancient building masonry See effect, it is necessary to building stones or blue bricks are used, the construction progress of above-mentioned visual concrete is hidden, while material therefor and way are also wanted Meet current designs and construction inspection rules requirement.
Usually said clear water masonry traditional method, is primarily referred to as the construction party of clear water masonry 50~eighties of last century Method.When building by laying bricks or stones, mainly uses cement mortar, lime mortar and clear water building block to carry out masonry and build and use jointing by laying bricks or stones, it is main It has the following defects:
1, wall body structure:The wall gray seam thickness of modern architecture masonry structure is usually 8mm~12mm, and using magma letter Single jointing;And it is only 2mm~3mm that ancient architecture masonry close joint, which builds the slit width in way by laying bricks or stones, and cracked and jointing way using fine, So that the way gap of two kinds of walls is larger.To solve this contradiction, it is necessary to using wall body structure treatment measures be improved with it is complete It is kind.
2, wall body node:In concrete frame structure blue bricks surface building frame construction, exterior wall collar tie beam, lintel, The positions such as exterior wall horizontal vertical moulding, outer wall column are handled without processing or using cement mortar painting substantially, this simple and crude Processing mode cannot meet at all ancient building masonry appearance requirement, it is necessary to as wall special joint take construction measure into Row processing.
3, wall decoration:With cement mortar paste when ancient building block wall decoration construction and build by laying bricks or stones, between wall There is no construction measure, overall stability poor.
4, building materials:Most building materials are made of craft or light instrument in the market, lead to material Size disunity, surface impression quality is poor, handling, transport and when site operation, and the matter such as losing fangle, surface contamination easily occur Defect is measured, thus causes finished product surface of wall impression quality that cannot reach traditional ancient building clear water masonry face appearance.Therefore, It is not fine enough compared with traditional ancient architecture wall surface perception effect.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned technical disadvantages, a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry is provided Construction method, this method had both met ancient building masonry close joint and have built appearance by laying bricks or stones, also carried out masonry and concrete frame structure Drawknot simultaneously meets shockproof requirements, while can also meet other correlations in relation to masonry structure and filling masonry in existing national regulation Performance requirement.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing is clear Water masonry construction method, which is characterized in that this approach includes the following steps:
Step 1: the Deepen Design of node:According to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing And architectural working drawing, the construction and the clear water masonry and concrete frame knot of design concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry The drawknot anchoring structure for the node that structure is constituted;
The node that the clear water masonry is constituted with concrete frame structure includes frame column, Vierendeel girder, door-window opening beam, structure Column, metope carve and shaped window are made, the door-window opening beam is collar tie beam or lintel, and the metope carve is tile carving or embossment;
Step 2: blue bricks cutting and drawknot anchor bar it is pre-buried:According to the design result of step 1, each node is processed Required various sizes of blue bricks;
Step 3: concrete frame structure configuration node outsourcing clear water masonry construction:From the concrete frame structure Building by laying bricks or stones for clear water masonry is carried out at the absolute altitude of bottom surface upwards in turn, in the building process of clear water masonry, clear water masonry and concrete It is as follows that the packet for the node that frame structure is constituted builds work progress:
Clear water masonry packet build frame Column border node work progress be:According to the design result of step 1, pre-buried drawknot anchoring Reinforcing bar, the drawknot anchor bar are pressure joist;The blue bricks of step 2 cutting is built by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond Wrap up the crust of frame column;
Clear water masonry packet build frame girder connection work progress be:According to the design result of step 1, pre-buried drawknot anchoring Reinforcing bar, the drawknot anchor bar are pressure joist;A circle reinforced concrete band is chosen outside Vierendeel girder crust;The armored concrete It is built with the periphery blue bricks packet that step 2 is cut, the Vierendeel girder rest part is built by row's hot line and one fourth one of marked rod along packet;
Clear water masonry packet build door-window opening girder connection work progress be:The clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to door-window opening beam bottom After the absolute altitude in portion, the door-window opening beam steel of the door-window opening beam is installed in binding, by the blue bricks of step 2 cutting by row's hot line Door-window opening beam periphery is built to the top of the door-window opening beam with one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond, uses microlith coagulation afterwards for 24 hours Soil pours door and window hole lintel, and uses and manually vibrate;
Clear water masonry packet build construction Column border node work progress be:The constructional column reinforcing bar of the constructional column is installed in binding, will The blue bricks of step 2 cutting is built the periphery of the constructional column reinforcing bar by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond, often builds 250mm by laying bricks or stones Height pours a pea gravel concreten, and artificial vibration compacting, until constructional column packet is finished building into;
The work progress of metope carve node is:When clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to the bottom absolute altitude of metope carve, carved according to metope The thickness of decorations builds the back wall of metope carve by laying bricks or stones, and concealed beam is provided in the back wall, and pre-buried metope is carved in the concealed beam The tension member of decorations;
Clear water masonry packet build shaped window node work progress be:The clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to the special-shaped window opening bottom and is marked Gao Hou installs shaped window cranse;Surrounding's wall with three skins one by building shaped window cranse by laying bricks or stones with the method that five skins one are hung;
Step 4: jointing:After the completion of concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones, unify jointing, institute from top to bottom It is flush joint to state jointing form, and the depth of the jointing is 6mm.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:To coagulation in step 1 The tectonic sieving of native frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry includes the arrangement when size of blue bricks is designed and is built by laying bricks or stones to blue bricks It is designed, specifically includes following steps:
Step 101, according to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing and architectural working drawing, To needing pre-buried drawknot anchor bar position to be positioned using measurer and instrument;
Step 102, the size for determining blue bricks and arrangement mode when building by laying bricks or stones;
Step 103, levelling positioning, include the following steps:
The benchmark mortar joint of step 1031, the unified concrete frame structure, the exterior wall of the concrete frame structure are equal For horizontal straight joint;
Step 1032 presses full sized brick THICKNESS CALCULATION clear water masonry skin number according to floor height, and the blue bricks skin number is adjusted to integer;
Step 1033, by the blue bricks metope and ORIENTED DOOR AND WINDOW DESIGN size sequenced, adjust the blue bricks arrangement of the door window side, institute It is full sized brick to state blue bricks;
Step 104, row's brick put down bottom, include the following steps:
Step 1041, the length for calculating every section of clear water masonry along full sized brick by a fourth one, the calculating of every section of clear water masonry is grown Degree is adjusted to identical with design length;
Step 1042, the adjustment clear water masonry gable the blue bricks of the top of a wall inner corner trim be full sized brick.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:By institute in step 1032 The skin number for stating blue bricks is adjusted to integer, and adjustment mode is:The leveling mortar thickness of clear water masonry bottom is adjusted first, such as When fruit is still unsatisfactory for integer by adjusting the mode skin number of leveling mortar thickness, by adjusting the thickness of horizontal mortar joint, Mei Gesuo State adjustment amount≤1mm of horizontal mortar joint;
The blue bricks arrangement of the door window side is adjusted in step 1033, the blue bricks is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is:Fine tuning institute It states the plan-position of door-window opening and the width and height of the door-window opening, the absolute altitude after adjustment at the top of the door and window is constant;
The computational length that every section of clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1041 is identical as design length, and adjustment mode is:It adjusts first The vertical mortar joint of the whole clear water masonry is grown if being still unsatisfactory for clear water masonry computational length by adjusting vertical mortar joint with design When spending identical, the brick by adjusting the blue bricks arranged along length direction in the clear water masonry is long, and the brick length of every block of blue bricks subtracts On a small quantity≤5mm, and the livable middle symmetrical adjustment of blue bricks;
The blue bricks that the inner corner trim of the gable the top of a wall of the clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1042 is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is:It is first First adjust the mortar joint of the clear water masonry, if by adjusting clear water masonry mortar joint be still unsatisfactory for the gable the top of a wall inner corner trim blueness Brick is full sized brick, should adjust the top of a wall length of the gable, and readjust gable according to step 1041 and arrange brick.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:It is laid in institute to being adjacent to The blue bricks of pressure upper and lower two skin of joist is stated when being cut, is opened up on the blue bricks and the matched V-arrangement of the pressure joist size Slot, the size of the V-shaped groove with it is described pressure joist match specifications, to various special shaped bricks and seven separately, using cutting machine into Row clip.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:The clear water masonry is built When building to away from the one skin brick of pressure joist absolute altitude, using the notch court of the blue bricks for offering V-shaped groove and blue bricks that V-shaped groove will be opened up On, the length direction along the pressure joist is built by laying bricks or stones;After the pressure joist is pre-buried, using the blue bricks for offering V-shaped groove and it will open If the notch of the blue bricks of V-shaped groove is downward, the length direction along the pressure joist is built by laying bricks or stones.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:Clear water masonry packet builds frame In the work progress of trestle node, built according to the suitable mode of row's hot line and one fourth one of marked rod according to the blue bricks of step 2 cutting The crust for wrapping up the frame column is built, the clear water masonry and frame Column border node are anchored by pre-buried pressure joist, described One end that pressure joist is inserted into the clear water masonry is arranged to bend anchoring section, and the bending anchoring section is laid in the V of the blue bricks In shape slot.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:Clear water masonry packet builds frame It sets a roof beam in place in node construction, one layer of Vierendeel girder of the frame structure is arranged at outdoor absolute altitude -0.070m, the bottom of the clear water masonry Portion's absolute altitude skin lower than the exposed absolute altitude of one layer of Vierendeel girder;According to the blue bricks of step 2 cutting according to row's hot line and marked rod The suitable mode of one fourth one builds the crust for wrapping up the Vierendeel girder by laying bricks or stones, and the clear water masonry and frame girder connection pass through pre-buried pressure wall Muscle is anchored, and one end that the pressure joist is inserted into the clear water masonry is arranged to bend anchoring section, the bending anchoring section cloth It is located in the V-shaped groove of the blue bricks.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:Clear water masonry packet builds door In the construction of window hole girder connection, when the deck-molding of the door-window opening beam is more than 200mm, formwork reinforcement institute is used before casting concrete State the door-window opening beam steel of binding installation.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:Metope carve node In construction, the slot laid for tension member is offered in the metope carve, the slot is opened along the short transverse of metope carve If the position opposite with the slot is provided with concealed beam when the back building wall, the back wall is clear water masonry, described Tension member is T-type tension rib, and one end of the T-type tension rib is arranged in the slot, and the other end of the T-type tension rib is laid In the concealed beam.
A kind of above-mentioned ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, it is characterized in that:The shaped window cranse It is filled up with mortar between surrounding and the blue bricks.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, method and step is simple, reasonable design and easy construction, input construction cost are relatively low.
2, construction efficiency is high and speed of application is fast.
3, after the completion of concrete frame structure outsourcing blue bricks is built by laying bricks or stones, unify jointing from top to bottom, the form of jointing is flush joint And the depth of jointing is 6mm, and it is easy for construction, it is cost-effective and wall can be made more beautiful, three-dimensional.
4, to frame column, Vierendeel girder, door-window opening beam, constructional column, wall decoration and the abnormal shape in concrete frame structure The packet block of each node of window has made corresponding Deepen Design one by one, meets the requirement of ancient building masonry appearance.
5, wall decoration:When wall decoration is constructed, it is provided with tension member between back wall, increases wall decoration Overall stability and durability.
6, clear water masonry is used carries out packet block according to the blue bricks of each node Deepen Design post-processing of concrete frame structure, and Cutting is processed using specific rattler, dimensional standard, surface impression quality is high, makes ancient architecture wall surface perception effect It is more fine.
In conclusion the method for the present invention step is simple, reasonable design and easy construction using effect are good, it is strong to reduce labour Degree, shorten the construction period its with more operability, preferably improve building safety, durability, clear water masonry use root Packet block is carried out according to the blue bricks of each node Deepen Design post-processing of concrete frame structure, makes ancient architecture wall surface perception effect more Add fine.
Below by drawings and examples, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the construction method flow diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of clear water masonry of the present invention.
Fig. 2-1 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 2.
Fig. 2-2 is enlarged drawing at the A of Fig. 2-1.
Fig. 3-1 is the structural schematic diagram that half packet of clear water masonry of the present invention builds external corner part frame Column border node.
Fig. 3-2 is the B-B sectional views of Fig. 3-1.
Fig. 3-3 be clear water masonry of the present invention full packet block external corner part frame Column border node structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3-4 is the structural schematic diagram that half packet of clear water masonry of the present invention builds gable the top of a wall frame Column border node.
Fig. 3-5 be clear water masonry of the present invention full packet block gable the top of a wall frame Column border node structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3-6 is the structural schematic diagram that half packet of clear water masonry of the present invention builds intermediate position frame column node.
Fig. 3-7 is the structural schematic diagram of clear water masonry of the present invention packet block centre position frame column node entirely.
Fig. 4-1 is the structural schematic diagram that clear water masonry packet of the present invention builds one layer of frame girder connection.
Fig. 4-2 is the structural schematic diagram that clear water masonry packet of the present invention builds two layers of frame girder connection.
Fig. 5-1 is the structural schematic diagram that clear water masonry packet of the present invention builds door opening girder connection.
Fig. 5-2 is the C-C sectional views of Fig. 5-1.
Fig. 5-3 is the structural schematic diagram that clear water masonry packet of the present invention builds window hole girder connection.
Fig. 5-4 is the D-D sectional views of Fig. 5-3.
Fig. 6 is the E-E sectional views of Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of metope carve node of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that clear water masonry packet of the present invention builds shaped window node.
Reference sign:
1-blue bricks;2-pressure joists;3-frame columns;
4-Vierendeel girders;5-grades;6-pea gravel concretens;
7-door-window opening beams;8-door-window opening beam steels;9-door openings;
10-window holes;11-constructional column reinforcing bars;12-constructional columns;
13-tension members;14-wall decorations;15-concealed beams;
16-shaped window cranses.
Specific implementation mode
Such as a kind of Fig. 1~ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method shown in Fig. 8, this method include with Lower step:
Step 1: the Deepen Design of node:According to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing And architectural working drawing, the construction and the clear water masonry and concrete frame knot of design concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry The drawknot anchoring structure for the node that structure is constituted;
The node that the clear water masonry is constituted with concrete frame structure includes frame column 3, Vierendeel girder 4, door-window opening beam 7, constructional column 12, metope carve 14 and shaped window, the door-window opening beam 7 are collar tie beam or lintel, and the metope carve 14 is brick Carving or embossment;
Step 2: blue bricks cutting and drawknot anchor bar it is pre-buried:According to the design result of step 1, each node is processed Required various sizes of blue bricks;
Step 3: concrete frame structure node outsourcing clear water masonry construction:From the bottom surface of the concrete frame structure Building by laying bricks or stones for clear water masonry is carried out at absolute altitude upwards in turn, in the building process of clear water masonry, clear water masonry and concrete frame It is as follows that the packet for the node that structure is constituted builds work progress:
As shown in Fig. 3-1~Fig. 3-7, the work progress that clear water masonry packet builds frame Column border node is:According to setting for step 1 Meter is as a result, pre-buried drawknot anchor bar, the drawknot anchor bar are pressure joist 2;By the blue bricks 1 of step 2 cutting by row's hot line Package 3 crust of frame column is built with one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond;
As shown in Fig. 4-1, Fig. 4-2, the work progress that clear water masonry packet builds frame girder connection is:According to the design of step 1 As a result, pre-buried drawknot anchor bar, the drawknot anchor bar is pressure joist 2;A circle reinforced concrete is chosen outside 4 crust of Vierendeel girder Soil zone;The reinforced concrete band periphery is wrapped with the blue bricks 1 that step 2 is cut and is built, and 4 rest part of the Vierendeel girder is by row's hot line It is built along packet with one fourth one of marked rod;
As shown in Fig. 5-1, Fig. 5-2, Fig. 5-3, Fig. 5-4, the work progress that clear water masonry packet builds door-window opening girder connection is: The clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to the absolute altitude of 7 bottom of door-window opening beam, and the door-window opening beam of the door-window opening beam 7 is installed in binding The blue bricks of step 2 cutting is built the periphery of the door-window opening beam 7 to described by reinforcing bar 8 by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond The top of door-window opening beam 7 pours door and window hole lintel with pea gravel concreten afterwards for 24 hours, and uses and manually vibrate, preferred when vibrating It vibrates for reinforcing rod, machinery is forbidden to vibrate;
As shown in fig. 6, the work progress that clear water masonry packet builds construction Column border node is:The structure of the constructional column 12 is installed in binding Column reinforcing bar 11 is made, the blue bricks 1 of step 2 cutting is built into the constructional column reinforcing bar 11 by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond Periphery often builds 250mm high by laying bricks or stones and pours a pea gravel concreten, and artificial vibration compacting, machinery is forbidden to vibrate, until constructional column 12 Packet is finished building into;
When practice of construction, constructional column 12 is smaller 80mm than the thickness of the blues brick wall along wall thickness direction width, along the blue bricks Wall length direction is calculated by design and is determined, the size of the blue bricks 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × 53mm, The blues brick wall often builds concrete of 250mm high perfusions by laying bricks or stones, and the concrete is pea gravel concreten, the pea gravel concreten Slump≤80mm.
As shown in fig. 7, the work progress of metope carve node is:Clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to the bottom absolute altitude of metope carve 14 When, it builds the back wall of metope carve 14 by laying bricks or stones according to the thickness of metope carve 14, concealed beam 15, institute is provided in the back wall State the tension member 13 of pre-buried metope carve 14 in concealed beam 15;
As shown in figure 8, the work progress that clear water masonry packet builds shaped window node is:The blue bricks is built by laying bricks or stones to the shaped window After the absolute altitude of hole bottom, installation shaped window cranse 16;It is leaned on three skins one and the method hung of five skins one builds wall around shaped window by laying bricks or stones;
When practice of construction, after the completion of clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones around shaped window, with mortar by the seam on 16 periphery of shaped window cranse Gap filling is real.
Step 4, jointing:After the completion of the outer clear water masonry of concrete frame structure is built by laying bricks or stones, unify jointing, the hook from top to bottom Slit formula is flush joint, and the depth of the jointing is 6mm;
When practice of construction, jointing using plus slurry jointing, with the lime mortar of M15, the consistency of the lime mortar be 4cm~ 5cm, the sand sieved fine sand of sieve of the lime mortar, metope and mortar joint color are clearly demarcated, increase beautiful;
When practice of construction, the jointing is horizontal joint and vertical seam, and the horizontal joint and vertical seam will smoothly join, neatly Smoothly, depth is unified, there is not allowed that fluctuation, there is not allowed that hair raft, corner and turning also must be upright, it is angular, Forbid to pollute metope when jointing.
Include to blue bricks to the tectonic sieving of concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry in step 1 in the present embodiment The arrangement of blue bricks is designed when size is designed and builds by laying bricks or stones, specifically includes following steps:
Step 101, according to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing and architectural working drawing, To needing pre-buried drawknot anchor bar position to be positioned using measurer and instrument;Ensure that pre-buried position is accurate, should be incited somebody to action in construction Structure reinforcing bars fixation prevents displacement, pre-buried deviation that cannot be more than 3mm;
Step 102, the size for determining blue bricks and arrangement mode when building by laying bricks or stones;When practice of construction, using rattler to blue bricks 1 It is finished, two rattlers are a set of, and the thickness by blue bricks 1 is milled to 53mm, another thickness by blue bricks 1 It is milled to 40mm, ensures that the dimensions of blue bricks 1 is consistent, corner angle are straight, the blue bricks 1 every five of milled is wrapped up in blanket one, is pricked with rope Get up, handle with care, heap is divided to pile up, carries out protection work of the blue bricks 1 before building by laying bricks or stones;
When practice of construction, the specific size of the blue bricks is:It is upper and lower to be located at the pressure joist 2 in the clear water masonry The V-shaped groove being used in combination with the pressure joist 2 is offered on two skin blue bricks 1;Clear water masonry packet is built in frame column node construction, The size of the blue bricks 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × 53mm;Clear water masonry packet is built frame girder connection and is applied In work, the size of the blue bricks 1 be 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × 53mm, 240mm × 60mm × 10mm, 120mm×60mm×10mm;Clear water masonry packet is built in lintel or the collar tie beam node construction of door-window opening, the size of the blue bricks 1 For 240mm × 60mm × 40mm, 120mm × 60mm × 40mm;Clear water masonry packet is built in constructional column node construction, the blue bricks 1 Size be 240mm × 60mm × 40mm, 120mm × 60mm × 40mm;
Step 103, levelling positioning, include the following steps:
The benchmark mortar joint of step 1031, the unified concrete frame structure, the exterior wall of the concrete frame structure are equal For horizontal straight joint;
Step 1032 presses full sized brick THICKNESS CALCULATION clear water masonry skin number according to floor height, and 1 skin number of the blue bricks is adjusted to integer;
Step 1033, by the blue bricks metope and ORIENTED DOOR AND WINDOW DESIGN size sequenced, the blue bricks 1 for adjusting the door window side is arranged, The blue bricks 1 is full sized brick;
Step 104, row's brick put down bottom, include the following steps:
Step 1041, the length for calculating every section of clear water masonry along full sized brick by a fourth one adjust the calculating of every section of clear water masonry Length is identical as design length;
Step 1042, the top of a wall inner corner trim blue bricks 1 for adjusting the clear water masonry gable are full sized brick.
In the present embodiment, the skin number of blue bricks 1 described in step 1032 is adjusted to integer, and adjustment mode is as follows:It adjusts first The leveling mortar thickness of whole clear water masonry bottom, if the mode skin number by adjusting leveling mortar thickness is unsatisfactory for integer When, then by adjusting the thickness of horizontal mortar joint, adjustment amount≤1mm of each horizontal mortar joint is adjusted to whole by more skins Number requires;
The blue bricks 1 that the door window side is adjusted in step 1033 is arranged, and the blue bricks 1 is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is as follows:It is micro- The plan-position of the door-window opening and width, the height of the door-window opening are adjusted, the absolute altitude after adjustment at the top of the door and window is not Become;
The computational length that every section of clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1041 is identical as design length, and adjustment mode is as follows:First The vertical mortar joint of the clear water masonry is adjusted, if being still unsatisfactory for clear water masonry computational length and design by adjusting vertical mortar joint When length is identical, the brick by adjusting the blue bricks 1 arranged along length direction in the clear water masonry is long, the brick of every block of blue bricks 1 Long decrement≤5mm, and the livable middle symmetrical adjustment of blue bricks 1;
The blue bricks 1 that the inner corner trim of the gable the top of a wall of the clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1042 is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is as follows: The mortar joint of the clear water masonry is adjusted first, if the blue bricks 1 for being still unsatisfactory for the inner corner trim of the gable the top of a wall is full sized brick, should be adjusted described The top of a wall length of gable, and readjust gable according to step 1041 and arrange brick.
As shown in Fig. 2-1, Fig. 2-2, in the present embodiment, the blue bricks 1 of pressure 2 upper and lower two skin of joist is laid in being adjacent to When being cut, opened up on the blue bricks 1 with the 2 matched V-shaped groove of size of the pressure joist, the size of the V-shaped groove with The match specifications of the pressure joist separately to various special shaped bricks and seven carry out clip, when practice of construction, institute using cutting machine The diameter for stating pressure joist 2 is preferably φ 6.5, groove depth >=5mm of V-shaped groove, groove width >=10mm.
In the present embodiment, when the clear water masonry wall is built by laying bricks or stones to away from the pressure joist 2 absolute altitude, one skin brick, using offering V The blue bricks 1 of shape slot and will open up V-shaped groove blue bricks 1 notch upward, along it is described pressure joist 2 length direction build by laying bricks or stones, then spread Slurry, after the pressure joist 2 is pre-buried, downward using the notch of the blue bricks 1 for offering V-shaped groove and blue bricks 1 that V-shaped groove will be opened up, Length direction along the pressure joist 2 is built by laying bricks or stones.
In the present embodiment, clear water masonry packet is built in the work progress of frame Column border node, and the blue bricks 1 cut according to step 2 is pressed Phototypesetting hot line and the suitable mode of one fourth one of marked rod are building the crust for wrapping up the frame column 3, the clear water masonry wall and frame by laying bricks or stones 3 node of trestle is anchored by pre-buried pressure joist 2, and one end that the pressure joist 2 is inserted into the clear water masonry wall is arranged to Anchoring section is bent, the bending anchoring section is laid in the V-shaped groove of the blue bricks 1;
As shown in Fig. 3-1~Fig. 3-7, when practice of construction, the clear water masonry packet builds external corner part frame column node construction In, when external corner part frame Column border node packet is built as shown in Fig. 3-1~Fig. 3-3 to the internal corner part of the frame column 3 of the external corner into When row packet is built, the blue bricks 1 of 3 internal corner part clear water masonry of the frame column is full sized brick;When gable the top of a wall frame Column border node packet is built such as When carrying out packet block to the internal corner part of the frame column 3 of the gable the top of a wall shown in Fig. 3-4, Fig. 3-5,3 inner corner trim portion of the frame column The blue bricks 1 of position clear water masonry is full sized brick;To the middle part as shown in Fig. 3-6, Fig. 3-7 when gable the top of a wall frame Column border node packet is built When the internal corner part of the frame column 3 of position carries out packet block, the blue bricks 1 of 3 internal corner part clear water masonry of the frame column is full sized brick;
The size of the blue bricks 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × 53mm, and the frame column 3 is cut Face size>Described to press the horizontal and vertical of joist 2 when 500mm, from the bottom of the frame column 3, joist is pressed in implantation successively upwards 2, it is described pressure joist 2 laying specification be:6.5@500 of φ, the specification of the bending anchoring section are:The long crotch of 90 ° of 3d.
In the present embodiment, clear water masonry packet is built in Vierendeel girder node construction, as shown in Fig. 4-1, one layer of the frame structure Vierendeel girder is arranged at outdoor absolute altitude -0.070m, and the elevation of bottom of the clear water masonry wall is more exposed than one layer of Vierendeel girder The low skin of absolute altitude;It is built by laying bricks or stones described in package according to the suitable mode of row's hot line and one fourth one of marked rod according to the blue bricks 1 of step 2 cutting The crust of Vierendeel girder 4, the clear water masonry wall and 4 node of Vierendeel girder are anchored by pre-buried pressure joist 2, the pressure joist 2 one end for being inserted into the clear water masonry wall are arranged to bend anchoring section, and the bending anchoring section is laid in the V-arrangement of the blue bricks 1 In slot;
When practice of construction, the size of the blue bricks 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × 53mm, 240mm × 60mm × 10mm, 120mm × 60mm × 10mm, the sectional dimension of the frame column 4>When 500mm, the cross of the pressure joist 2 To and it is longitudinal, from the bottom of the frame column 4, implantation pressure joist 2, the laying specification of the pressure joist 2 are successively upwards:φ 6.5@500, the specification for bending anchoring section are:The long crotch of 90 ° of 3d;
When practice of construction, one layer of Vierendeel girder is basic beam;
When practice of construction, as shown in Fig. 4-1, the reinforced concrete band of one layer of Vierendeel girder of the frame structure is arranged described The bottom in 4 deck-molding direction of Vierendeel girder, it is therefore an objective to which the blue bricks 1 that the Vierendeel girder 4 is built to packet plays support and supporting role, such as Fig. 4- Shown in 2, the reinforced concrete band of two layers of Vierendeel girder of the frame structure is arranged in the top in 4 deck-molding direction of the Vierendeel girder, institute The gap pea gravel concreten 6 stated between two layers of Vierendeel girder bottom and clear water masonry fills up, the size of the reinforced concrete band For:Width × height=50mm × 60mm, the reinforced concrete band position with 240mm × 60mm × 10mm, 120mm × 60mm × Two kinds of specification brick bats of 10mm are pasted, the remaining Vierendeel girder 4 use size for 240mm × 60mm × 53mm, 120mm × 60mm × The blue bricks 1 of 53mm carries out packet block.
In the present embodiment, clear water masonry packet is built in the construction of door-window opening girder connection, and the deck-molding of the door-window opening beam 7 is super When crossing 200mm, the door-window opening beam steel 8 of installation is bound before casting concrete described in formwork reinforcement.
When practice of construction, the door-window opening beam 7 is collar tie beam or lintel;
As shown in Fig. 5-1, Fig. 5-2, when practice of construction, the width of the lintel of door opening 11 or the collar tie beam of door opening 11 is than clear The small 80mm of width of water masonry, the lintel of door opening 11 or the circle depth of beam of door opening 11 are calculated by design and are determined, the blueness The size of brick 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 40mm, 120mm × 60mm × 40mm.
As shown in Fig. 5-3, Fig. 5-4, when practice of construction, the width of the lintel of window hole 10 or the collar tie beam of window hole 10 is than clear The small 80mm of width of water masonry, the lintel of window hole 10 or the circle depth of beam of window hole 10 are calculated by design and are determined, the blueness The size of brick 1 is 240mm × 60mm × 40mm, 120mm × 60mm × 40mm;
In the present embodiment, in the construction of metope carve node, offers in the metope carve 14 and laid for tension member 13 Slot, the slot opens up along the short transverse of the metope carve 14, when back building wall position opposite with the slot It installs and is equipped with concealed beam 15, the back wall is clear water masonry, and the tension member 13 is T-type tension rib, the T-type tension rib One end is arranged in the slot, and the other end of the T-type tension rib is laid in the concealed beam 15;
When practice of construction, metope carve 14 is tile carving or embossment, the height of the concealed beam 15 according to the tile carving or The height of embossment monolithic is arranged;
When practice of construction, patch is first filled up in anchor slot when hanging plus glairin cement mortar, then uses 1:2 cement mortar are special It is pasted with tile paste mortar, and by 13 insertion groove of tension member, patch clears up the cement mortar of spilling after hanging dry Only, building adhesive is mixed in the cement mortar;
When practice of construction, the tile carving or embossment want horizontal, vertical direction bracing wire when installing, and the height installed daily is not It obtains and is more than 1m~1.2m.
When practice of construction, after the tile carving or embossment patch are hung, the piece of the tile carving or embossment is with 1:1 plain cement hooks Seam.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not imposed any restrictions to the present invention, every according to the present invention Technical spirit changes any simple modification, change and equivalent structure made by above example, still falls within skill of the present invention In the protection domain of art scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method, which is characterized in that this approach includes the following steps:
Step 1: the Deepen Design of node:According to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing and build Build construction drawing, the construction and the clear water masonry and concrete frame structure structure of design concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry At node drawknot anchoring structure;
The node that the clear water masonry is constituted with concrete frame structure includes frame column (3), Vierendeel girder (4), door-window opening beam (7), constructional column (12), metope overwrought (14) and shaped window, the door-window opening beam (7) are collar tie beam or lintel, the metope carving It is tile carving or embossment to adorn (14);
Step 2: blue bricks cutting and drawknot anchor bar it is pre-buried:According to the design result of step 1, process needed for each node Various sizes of blue bricks;
Step 3: concrete frame structure configuration node outsourcing clear water masonry construction:From the bottom surface of the concrete frame structure Building by laying bricks or stones for clear water masonry is carried out at absolute altitude upwards in turn, in the building process of clear water masonry, clear water masonry and concrete frame It is as follows that the packet for the node that structure is constituted builds work progress:
Clear water masonry packet build frame Column border node work progress be:According to the design result of step 1, pre-buried drawknot anchor bar, The drawknot anchor bar is pressure joist;The blue bricks of step 2 cutting is built into package frame by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond The crust of trestle (3);
Clear water masonry packet build frame girder connection work progress be:According to the design result of step 1, pre-buried drawknot anchor bar, The drawknot anchor bar is pressure joist;A circle reinforced concrete band is chosen outside Vierendeel girder (4) crust;The reinforced concrete band Periphery is built with the blue bricks packet that step 2 is cut, and Vierendeel girder (4) rest part is built by row's hot line and one fourth one of marked rod along packet;
Clear water masonry packet build door-window opening girder connection work progress be:The clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to door-window opening beam (7) bottom After the absolute altitude in portion, the door-window opening beam steel (8) of the door-window opening beam (7) is installed in binding, and the blue bricks that step 2 is cut is pressed Row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond build door-window opening beam (7) periphery to the top of the door-window opening beam (7), for 24 hours Door and window hole lintel is poured with pea gravel concreten afterwards, and uses and manually vibrates;
Clear water masonry packet build construction Column border node work progress be:The constructional column reinforcing bar of the constructional column (12) is installed in binding (11), the blue bricks of step 2 cutting is built to the periphery of the constructional column reinforcing bar (11) by row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod, one facing bond, It often builds 250mm high by laying bricks or stones and pours a pea gravel concreten, and artificial vibration compacting, until constructional column (12) packet is finished building into;
The work progress of metope carve node is:When clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to the bottom absolute altitude of metope overwrought (14), carved according to metope The thickness of decorations (14) builds the back wall of metope overwrought (14) by laying bricks or stones, and concealed beam (15), the concealed beam are provided in the back wall (15) tension member (13) of pre-buried metope overwrought (14) in;
Clear water masonry packet build shaped window node work progress be:The clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to special-shaped window opening bottom absolute altitude Afterwards, installation shaped window cranse (16);Surrounding's wall with three skins one by building shaped window cranse (16) by laying bricks or stones with the method that five skins one are hung;
Step 4: jointing:After the completion of concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones, unify jointing, the hook from top to bottom Slit formula is flush joint, and the depth of the jointing is 6mm.
2. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: Include that the size of blue bricks is designed and is built by laying bricks or stones to the tectonic sieving of concrete frame structure outsourcing clear water masonry in step 1 When the arrangement of blue bricks is designed, specifically include following steps:
Step 101, according to the actual size of concrete on construction site frame structure, structural working drawing and architectural working drawing, to needing Pre-buried drawknot anchor bar position is positioned using measurer and instrument;
Step 102, the size for determining blue bricks and arrangement mode when building by laying bricks or stones;
Step 103, levelling positioning, include the following steps:
The benchmark mortar joint of step 1031, the unified concrete frame structure, the exterior wall of the concrete frame structure is water Flat straight joint;
Step 1032 presses full sized brick THICKNESS CALCULATION clear water masonry skin number according to floor height, and the blue bricks skin number is adjusted to integer;
Step 1033, by the blue bricks metope and ORIENTED DOOR AND WINDOW DESIGN size sequenced, adjust the blue bricks arrangement of the door window side, the blueness Brick is full sized brick;
Step 104, row's brick put down bottom, include the following steps:
Step 1041, the length for calculating every section of clear water masonry along full sized brick by a fourth one, by the computational length of every section of clear water masonry with Design length is adjusted to identical;
Step 1042, the adjustment clear water masonry gable the blue bricks of the top of a wall inner corner trim be full sized brick.
3. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: The skin number of the blue bricks is adjusted to integer in step 1032, adjustment mode is:Clear water masonry bottom is adjusted first Leveling mortar thickness, if the mode skin number by adjusting leveling mortar thickness is still unsatisfactory for integer, by adjusting level The mode of gray seam thickness adjusts the skin number of blue bricks, adjustment amount≤1mm of each horizontal mortar joint;
The blue bricks arrangement of the door window side is adjusted in step 1033, the blue bricks is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is:Finely tune the door The width and height of the plan-position of window hole and the door-window opening, the absolute altitude after adjustment at the top of the door and window are constant;
The computational length that every section of clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1041 is identical as design length, and adjustment mode is:Institute is adjusted first The vertical mortar joint of clear water masonry is stated, if being still unsatisfactory for clear water masonry computational length and design length phase by adjusting vertical mortar joint Meanwhile it then being grown along the brick of the blue bricks of length direction arrangement to adjust the calculating of every section of clear water masonry by adjusting in the clear water masonry Length is identical as design length, the long decrement≤5mm of brick of every block of blue bricks, and the livable middle symmetrical adjustment of blue bricks;
The blue bricks that the inner corner trim of the gable the top of a wall of the clear water masonry is adjusted in step 1042 is full sized brick, and adjustment mode is:It adjusts first The mortar joint of the whole clear water masonry, if the blue bricks by adjusting the mortar joint inner corner trim that is still unsatisfactory for the gable the top of a wall of clear water masonry is Full sized brick should adjust the top of a wall length of the gable, and readjust gable according to step 1041 and arrange brick.
4. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: To be adjacent to be laid in it is described pressure upper and lower two skin of joist blue bricks cut when, opened up on the blue bricks and the pressure joist The matched V-shaped groove of size, the match specifications of the size of the V-shaped groove and the pressure joist, separately to various special shaped bricks and seven, Clip is carried out using cutting machine.
5. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: When the clear water masonry is built by laying bricks or stones to away from the one skin brick of pressure joist absolute altitude, using the blue bricks for offering V-shaped groove and V-shaped groove will be opened up Blue bricks notch upward, along it is described pressure joist length direction build by laying bricks or stones;After the pressure joist is pre-buried, using offering V-arrangement The blue bricks of slot and will open up V-shaped groove blue bricks notch downward, along it is described pressure joist length direction build by laying bricks or stones.
6. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: Clear water masonry packet is built in the work progress of frame Column border node, according to the blue bricks of step 2 cutting according to row's hot line and one fourth of marked rod One suitable mode wraps up the crust of the frame column (3) building by laying bricks or stones, and the clear water masonry and frame Column border node pass through pre-buried pressure Joist is anchored, and one end that the pressure joist is inserted into the clear water masonry is arranged to bend anchoring section, the bending anchoring section It is laid in the V-shaped groove of the blue bricks.
7. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: Clear water masonry packet is built in Vierendeel girder node construction, and one layer of Vierendeel girder (4) of the frame structure is arranged in outdoor absolute altitude -0.070m Under, an elevation of bottom skin lower than the exposed absolute altitude of one layer of Vierendeel girder (4) for the clear water masonry;According to step 2 cutting Blue bricks builds the crust for wrapping up the Vierendeel girder (4), the clear water masonry by laying bricks or stones according to the suitable mode of row's hot line and one fourth one of marked rod It is anchored by pre-buried pressure joist with frame girder connection, one end that the pressure joist is inserted into the clear water masonry is arranged to curved Anchoring section is rolled over, the bending anchoring section is laid in the V-shaped groove of the blue bricks.
8. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: Clear water masonry packet is built in the construction of door-window opening girder connection, when the deck-molding of the door-window opening beam (7) is more than 200mm, is poured mixed The door-window opening beam steel (8) of installation is bound before solidifying soil described in formwork reinforcement.
9. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: In the construction of metope carve node, the metope offers the slot laid for tension member (13) on overwrought (14), and the slot is along institute The short transverse for stating metope overwrought (14) opens up, and when back building wall, the position opposite with the slot was provided with concealed beam (15), the back wall is clear water masonry, and the tension member (13) is T-type tension rib, and one end of the T-type tension rib is arranged In the slot, the other end of the T-type tension rib is laid in the concealed beam (15).
10. a kind of ancient building concrete structure outsourcing clear water masonry construction method described in accordance with the claim 1, feature exist In:It is filled up with mortar between the blue bricks around the shaped window cranse (16).
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CN107391831A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-24 上海嘉实(集团)有限公司 Vertical layout method, system and the storage medium and terminal of building block
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