CN106592124A - 一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺 - Google Patents

一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺 Download PDF

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CN106592124A
CN106592124A CN201611123889.8A CN201611123889A CN106592124A CN 106592124 A CN106592124 A CN 106592124A CN 201611123889 A CN201611123889 A CN 201611123889A CN 106592124 A CN106592124 A CN 106592124A
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fabric
temperature
neil
layer
base cloth
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张永君
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Jiaxing Ever Home Textile Co Ltd
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Jiaxing Ever Home Textile Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • D02G3/045Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials all components being made from artificial or synthetic material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/42Chenille threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/02Pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/02Pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05CEMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05C17/00Embroidered or tufted products; Base fabrics specially adapted for embroidered work; Inserts for producing surface irregularities in embroidered products
    • D05C17/02Tufted products
    • D05C17/023Tufted products characterised by the base fabric
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05CEMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05C17/00Embroidered or tufted products; Base fabrics specially adapted for embroidered work; Inserts for producing surface irregularities in embroidered products
    • D05C17/02Tufted products
    • D05C17/026Tufted products characterised by the tufted pile surface
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B13/00Treatment of textile materials with liquids, gases or vapours with aid of vibration
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

本发明公开了一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺,能够使生产的面料兼具长毛绒面料和雪尼尔面料的优点,柔软、舒适、纤薄轻盈、立体感强、面料强度高、结构新颖,外观突出,利于面料家居装饰市场的推广应用。

Description

一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺
【技术领域】
[0001] 本发明涉及纺织制造的技术领域,特别是一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺的技术领域。
【背景技术】
[0002]目前,常规的雪尼尔织物采用雪尼尔花式纱线,这种纱线是由叁根股线做芯线,通过加捻,将羽纱夹在中间纺制而成,一般采用粘/腈、棉/涤、粘/棉、腈/涤、粘/涤等原料,雪尼尔纱在剑杆织机上作为玮纱与常规的经纱进行交织,经常规染整工序后形成雪尼尔织物,织物表面因羽纱的存在形成了绒头,赋予了织物一种特殊的纹理和厚实的感觉,具有高档华贵、手感柔软、绒面丰满、悬垂性好等优点,是一种用作沙发套、床罩、床毯、地毯、墙饰、窗帘和帷幕的装饰性面料。市面上的雪尼尔纺织品一般采用的都是一支雪尼尔纱线纺制而成,一支雪尼尔纱线比较细,织出的面料稀疏,不够柔软蓬松。长毛绒面料,布面起毛、状似裘皮的立绒毛织物,俗称〃海虎绒〃。正面有密集的毛纤维均匀覆盖,绒面丰满平整,富于膘光、弹性,保暖性能良好。重量为430〜850克/米,绒毛高度一般在3〜20毫米之间。主要用于制做大衣、衣里、衣领、冬帽、绒毛玩具,也可作室内装饰和工业用。市面上的长毛绒面料由于工艺原因导致毛绒断裂点不稳定,毛绒长短不齐,没有立体感、绒感差。
【发明内容】
[0003] 本发明的目的就是解决现有技术中的问题,提出一种雪尼尔毛绒面料及其生产工艺,能够使生产的面料兼具长毛绒面料和雪尼尔面料的优点,柔软、舒适、纤薄轻盈、立体感强、面料强度高、结构新颖,外观突出,利于面料家居装饰市场的推广应用。
[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明提出了一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,包括基布层和毛绒层,所述毛绒层植入在基布层上。
[0005] 作为优选,所述基布层采用针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型或针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型后复合涤纶、涤锦织物中的一种方式制成。
[0006] 作为优选,所述针织长毛绒面料为经编长毛绒面料和玮编长毛绒面料中的至少一种,所述针织长毛绒面料的毛高:I Cm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m2,所述涤纟仑、涤锦织物的的克重:20g/m2〜150g/m。
[0007] 作为优选,所述毛绒层由0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线构成,所述雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒方式植入基布上,所述雪尼尔纱线植入基布后的毛高:1cm〜3cm。
[0008]作为优选,所述基布层的背面可采用热熔胶、TPR、TPE、发泡乳胶、无纺布中的至少一种进行防滑处理。
[0009] 本发明提出了一种雪尼尔毛绒面料的生产工艺,依次包括如下步骤:
[0010] 步骤一:基布层的制备:
[0011] I选取原料采用经编和玮编的方式织造成毛高:Icm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m2的针织长毛绒面料;
[0012] Π对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°C〜180°C,定型时间为20〜30min,定型后对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,重复上述步骤三次,得到基布层;
[0013] 步骤二:雪尼尔纱线的制备:选取150D288F或150D144F的涤纶或涤锦纱加工织造成0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线;
[0014] 步骤三:绒布层植入:将步骤二制备的雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒工艺均匀植入步骤Π制备的基布层组成绒布层,调整绒布层中雪尼尔纱线的毛高达到:1cm〜3cm,清除残留的绒毛粉尘并进行高温定型,定型温度为150°C〜200°C,定型时间为40〜50min,高温定型后卷绕成匹,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品;
[0015] 步骤四:高温匹染:对步骤三制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品进行高温匹染工艺,匹染温度为130〜150°C,匹染时间为2〜5h,匹染过程中采用超声波震荡来加速匹染进度,匹染后沥干水分并烘干定型,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料成品;
[0016] 步骤五:检验入库:对步骤四制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料成品进行抽样送检,送检合格后包装入库。
[0017] 作为优选,所述步骤Π中的基布层的制备工艺可采用:对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°C〜180°C,定型时间为20〜30min,定型后在针织长毛绒面料背面高温复合涤纶、涤锦织物,对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,得到基布层。
[0018] 本发明的有益效果:本发明能够使生产的面料兼具长毛绒面料和雪尼尔面料的优点,柔软、舒适、纤薄轻盈、立体感强、面料强度高、结构新颖,外观突出,利于面料家居装饰市场的推广应用。
[0019] 本发明的特征及优点将通过实施例进行详细说明。
【具体实施方式】
[0020] 本发明提出了一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,包括基布层和毛绒层,所述毛绒层植入在基布层上,所述基布层采用针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型或针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型后复合涤纶、涤锦织物中的一种方式制成,所述针织长毛绒面料为经编长毛绒面料和玮编长毛绒面料中的至少一种,所述针织长毛绒面料的毛高:I Cm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m,所述涤纟仑、锦纟仑织物的的克重:20g/m2〜150g/m,所述毛绒层由0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线构成,所述雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒方式植入基布上,所述雪尼尔纱线植入基布后的毛高:Icm〜3cm,所述基布层的背面可采用热熔胶、TPR、TPE、发泡乳胶、无纺布中的至少一种进行防滑处理。
[0021] 本发明提出了一种雪尼尔毛绒面料的生产工艺,依次包括如下步骤:
[0022] 步骤一:基布层的制备:
[0023] I选取原料采用经编和玮编的方式织造成毛高:1cm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m2的针织长毛绒面料;
[0024] Π对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°C〜180°C,定型时间为20〜30min,定型后对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,重复上述步骤三次,得到基布层;
[0025] 步骤二:雪尼尔纱线的制备:选取150D288F或150D144F的涤纶或涤锦纱加工织造成0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线;
[0026] 步骤三:绒布层植入:将步骤二制备的雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒工艺均匀植入步骤Π制备的基布层组成绒布层,调整绒布层中雪尼尔纱线的毛高达到:1cm〜3cm,清除残留的绒毛粉尘并进行高温定型,定型温度为150°C〜200°C,定型时间为40〜50min,高温定型后卷绕成匹,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品;
[0027] 步骤四:高温匹染:对步骤三制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品进行高温匹染工艺,匹染温度为130〜150°C,匹染时间为2〜5h,匹染过程中采用超声波震荡来加速匹染进度,匹染后沥干水分并烘干定型,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料成品;
[0028] 步骤五:检验入库:对步骤四制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料成品进行抽样送检,送检合格后包装入库。
[0029] 所述步骤Π中的基布层的制备工艺可采用:对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°C〜180°C,定型时间为20〜30min,定型后在针织长毛绒面料背面高温复合涤纶、涤锦织物,对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,得到基布层。
[0030] 本发明工作过程:
[0031] 本发明能够使生产的面料兼具长毛绒面料和雪尼尔面料的优点,柔软、舒适、纤薄轻盈、立体感强、面料强度高、结构新颖,外观突出,利于面料家居装饰市场的推广应用。
[0032]上述实施例是对本发明的说明,不是对本发明的限定,任何对本发明简单变换后的方案均属于本发明的保护范围。

Claims (7)

1.一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,其特征在于:包括基布层和毛绒层,所述毛绒层植入在基布层上。
2.如权利要求1所述的一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,其特征在于:所述基布层采用针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型或针织长毛绒面料经过高温定型后复合涤纶、涤锦织物中的一种方式制成。
3.如权利要求2所述的一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,其特征在于:所述针织长毛绒面料为经编长毛绒面料和玮编长毛绒面料中的至少一种,所述针织长毛绒面料的毛高:1cm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m2,所述涤纶、涤锦织物的克重:20g/m2〜150g/m2。
4.如权利要求1所述的一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,其特征在于:所述毛绒层由0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线构成,所述雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒方式植入基布上,所述雪尼尔纱线植入基布后的毛高:Icm〜3cm。
5.如权利要求1所述的一种雪尼尔毛绒面料,其特征在于:所述基布层的背面可采用热熔胶、TPR、TPE、发泡乳胶、无纺布中的至少一种进行防滑处理。
6.一种雪尼尔毛绒面料的生产工艺,其特征在于:依次包括如下步骤: 步骤一:基布层的制备: I选取原料采用经编和玮编的方式织造成毛高:Icm〜3cm;克重:200g/m2〜500g/m2的针织长毛绒面料; Π对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°C〜180°C,定型时间为20〜30min,定型后对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,重复上述步骤三次,得到基布层; 步骤二:雪尼尔纱线的制备:选取150D288F或150D144F的涤纶或涤锦纱加工织造成0.15支〜1.5支的雪尼尔纱线; 步骤三:绒布层植入:将步骤二制备的雪尼尔纱线采用簇绒工艺均匀植入步骤Π制备的基布层组成绒布层,调整绒布层中雪尼尔纱线的毛高达到:1cm〜3cm,清除残留的绒毛粉尘并进行高温定型,定型温度为150°C〜200°C,定型时间为40〜50min,高温定型后卷绕成匹,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品; 步骤四:高温匹染:对步骤三制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料半成品进行高温匹染工艺,匹染温度为130〜150°C,匹染时间为2〜5h,匹染过程中采用超声波震荡来加速匹染进度,匹染后沥干水分并烘干定型,得到雪尼尔毛绒面料成品; 步骤五:检验入库:对步骤四制备的雪尼尔毛绒面料成品进行抽样送检,送检合格后包装入库。
7.如权利要求6所述的一种雪尼尔毛绒面料的生产工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤Π中的基布层的制备工艺可采用:对步骤I制备的针织长毛绒面料进行高温定型,定型温度为100°(:〜180°(:,定型时间为20〜301^11,定型后在针织长毛绒面料背面高温复合涤纶、涤锦织物,对针织长毛绒面料进行绒毛梳理,得到基布层。
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