CN106589789A - Heat resistance type heat insulating material for external walls and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Heat resistance type heat insulating material for external walls and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106589789A
CN106589789A CN201611068985.7A CN201611068985A CN106589789A CN 106589789 A CN106589789 A CN 106589789A CN 201611068985 A CN201611068985 A CN 201611068985A CN 106589789 A CN106589789 A CN 106589789A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
heat resistant
exterior wall
cresyl
foaming agent
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CN201611068985.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程文生
江厚强
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Huaining Xinning New Type Building Material Co Ltd
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Huaining Xinning New Type Building Material Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611068985.7A priority Critical patent/CN106589789A/en
Publication of CN106589789A publication Critical patent/CN106589789A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K13/00Use of mixtures of ingredients not covered by one single of the preceding main groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C08K13/02Organic and inorganic ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J9/00Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof
    • C08J9/04Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof using blowing gases generated by a previously added blowing agent
    • C08J9/12Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof using blowing gases generated by a previously added blowing agent by a physical blowing agent
    • C08J9/14Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof using blowing gases generated by a previously added blowing agent by a physical blowing agent organic
    • C08J9/143Halogen containing compounds
    • C08J9/147Halogen containing compounds containing carbon and halogen atoms only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/30Sulfur-, selenium- or tellurium-containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/04Oxygen-containing compounds
    • C08K5/06Ethers; Acetals; Ketals; Ortho-esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/49Phosphorus-containing compounds
    • C08K5/51Phosphorus bound to oxygen
    • C08K5/52Phosphorus bound to oxygen only
    • C08K5/521Esters of phosphoric acids, e.g. of H3PO4
    • C08K5/523Esters of phosphoric acids, e.g. of H3PO4 with hydroxyaryl compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2203/00Foams characterized by the expanding agent
    • C08J2203/14Saturated hydrocarbons, e.g. butane; Unspecified hydrocarbons
    • C08J2203/142Halogenated saturated hydrocarbons, e.g. H3C-CF3
    • C08J2203/144Perhalogenated saturated hydrocarbons, e.g. F3C-CF3
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2203/00Foams characterized by the expanding agent
    • C08J2203/18Binary blends of expanding agents
    • C08J2203/182Binary blends of expanding agents of physical blowing agents, e.g. acetone and butane
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J2361/00Characterised by the use of condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones; Derivatives of such polymers
    • C08J2361/04Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only
    • C08J2361/06Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only of aldehydes with phenols
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/30Sulfur-, selenium- or tellurium-containing compounds
    • C08K2003/309Sulfur containing acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/14Applications used for foams

Abstract

The invention discloses a heat resistance type heat insulating material for external walls and a preparation method thereof; the heat resistance type heat insulating material is obtained by foaming curing of the following components in parts by mass: 100-150 parts of A-stage phenolic resin, 4-16 parts of a fluorocarbon surfactant, 4 parts of a stabilizer, 5 parts of a hydroxyl cresyl diphenyl phosphate and decabromodiphenyl ether mixture, and 50 parts of a sulfuric acid with the concentration of 52%. The defects of the prior art are overcome, and the heat resistance type heat insulating material has the advantages of high heat resistance, high flame retardancy, high residual carbon rate, low thermal conductivity of phenolic foams, can be widely applied in aviation, aerospace and other fields, and is suitable for large-scale promotion application.

Description

A kind of heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to insulation material technical field, particularly belongs to heat resistant adiabator and its preparation side of a kind of exterior wall Method.
Background technology
At present the energy for building account for world energy sources wastage in bulk or weight ratio it is very big, about 27% or so, external-wall heat-insulation material makes With can save huge energy and reduce the discharge capacity of CO2, from this angle for, external wall outer insulation material can be described as green The energy.Insulation material has become one of best approach of energy saving used in building industry.For energy-intensive today, The good external-wall heat-insulation material of exploitation combination property is extremely urgent.
At present on China's external-wall heat-insulation material market, EPS (polystyrene foam), XPS (extruded polystyrene foam) And polyurethane foam board is most widely used.But this different materials also has unavoidable shortcoming as wall heat insulation material, I.e. their burning grade is B levels, is combustible material, and security is not good.Generally civilian insulation material should use A level noninflammability Material, but just see in the market, A level insulation materials only have mineral wool, rock cotton board, foam glass, glass bead several.Mesh Front conventional only rock cotton board and glass bead, but both materials also have the limitation of its own, and it was being mounted and dismounted Aerial staple fibre is discharged in journey can be caused to damage to tissue, be not suitable for widely using.Understand that current China does not have Have and meet the A level insulation materials of use requirement, therefore design and manufacture A level heat preservation environment protection materials and be particularly important.
The content of the invention
For the problems referred to above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall and its preparation side Method, overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, and with high-fire resistance, high fire-retardance, high Residual carbon, relatively low thermal conductivity phenol formaldehyde foam can To be widely used in the numerous areas such as Aeronautics and Astronautics, it is adapted to large-scale popularization and application.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall, is obtained by following content of component by foamed solidification:First rank phenolic aldehyde tree The mixing of fat 100-120 parts, fluorocarbon surfactant 4-12,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and deca-BDE 5 parts of thing, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration.
Described 120 parts of resol, fluorocarbon surfactant 10,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic acid Ester and 5 parts of decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration.
Described cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether, deca-BDE mixing quality proportioning are 35/78.
Described foaming agent is 15 parts of foaming agent F11, F113 mixture.
Foaming agent F11, F113 mixing quality proportioning 5/10.
The preparation method of the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall, by resol, fluorocarbon surfactant, stabilizer, After cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, the sulfuric acid of concentration 52%, foaming agent are well mixed, load mould In, 2h, foamed solidification shaping are solidified at 50-60 DEG C, and place 3 days at room temperature.
Compared with the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention supports foam to have high-fire resistance, high fire-retardance, high Residual carbon, relatively low thermal conductivity by adding phenolic resin Rate phenol formaldehyde foam, can be widely applied to the numerous areas such as Aeronautics and Astronautics, be adapted to large-scale popularization and application.
Specific embodiment
A kind of heat resistant adiabator of the exterior wall of embodiment 1, is obtained by following content of component by foamed solidification:It is described 120 parts of resol, fluorocarbon surfactant 10,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny 5 parts of ether mixture, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration, described cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether, deca-BDE mixing quality are matched somebody with somebody Than for 30/70, described foaming agent is 15 parts of foaming agent F11, F113 mixture, described foaming agent F11, F113 mixing quality Proportioning 5/10.
The preparation method of the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall, by resol, fluorocarbon surfactant, stabilizer, After cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, the sulfuric acid of concentration 52%, foaming agent are well mixed, load mould In, 2h, foamed solidification shaping are solidified at 50-60 DEG C, and place 3 days at room temperature.
A kind of heat resistant adiabator of the exterior wall of embodiment 2, is obtained by following content of component by foamed solidification:First rank The mixing of 150 parts of phenolic resin, fluorocarbon surfactant 16,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and deca-BDE 5 parts of thing, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration, described cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether, deca-BDE mixing quality proportioning are 30/ 70, described foaming agent is 15 parts of foaming agent F11, F113 mixture, described foaming agent F11, F113 mixing quality proportioning 5/ 10。
The preparation method of the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall, by resol, fluorocarbon surfactant, stabilizer, After cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, the sulfuric acid of concentration 52%, foaming agent are well mixed, load mould In, 2h, foamed solidification shaping are solidified at 50-60 DEG C, and place 3 days at room temperature.
A kind of heat resistant adiabator of the exterior wall of embodiment 3, is obtained by following content of component by foamed solidification:First rank The mixing of 100 parts of phenolic resin, fluorocarbon surfactant 16,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and deca-BDE 5 parts of thing, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration, described cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether, deca-BDE mixing quality proportioning are 30/ 70, described foaming agent is 15 parts of foaming agent F11, F113 mixture, described foaming agent F11, F113 mixing quality proportioning 5/ 10。
The preparation method of the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall, by resol, fluorocarbon surfactant, stabilizer, After cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, the sulfuric acid of concentration 52%, foaming agent are well mixed, load mould In, 2h, foamed solidification shaping are solidified at 50-60 DEG C, and place 3 days at room temperature.
General principle, principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel it should be appreciated that the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, these changes Change and improvement is both fallen within scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appending claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. the heat resistant adiabator of a kind of exterior wall, it is characterised in that obtained by foamed solidification by following content of component:First Rank phenolic resin 100-120 parts, fluorocarbon surfactant 4-12,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and ten bromines two 5 parts of phenylate mixture, 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid of concentration.
2. the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described resol It is 5 parts of 120 parts, fluorocarbon surfactant 10,4 parts of stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, dense Spend 50 parts of 52% sulfuric acid.
3. the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Benzoic ether, deca-BDE mixing quality proportioning are 35/78.
4. the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described foaming agent is foaming agent 15 parts of F11, F113 mixture.
5. the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Foaming agent F11, F113 mix matter Amount proportioning 5/10.
6. the preparation method of the heat resistant adiabator of exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:By first rank phenolic aldehyde Resin, fluorocarbon surfactant, stabilizer, cresyl di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate benzoic ether and decabrominated dipheny ether mixture, the sulphur of concentration 52% Acid, after foaming agent is well mixed, in being fitted into mould, 2h is solidified at 50-60 DEG C, foamed solidification is molded, and place 3 at room temperature My god.
CN201611068985.7A 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Heat resistance type heat insulating material for external walls and preparation method thereof Pending CN106589789A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611068985.7A CN106589789A (en) 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Heat resistance type heat insulating material for external walls and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103554830A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 林百川 Phenolic foam material with low coefficient of thermal conductivity and preparation method thereof
CN104072900A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-01 应璐 Thermal-insulating flame-retardant PS foamed plastic and preparation method thereof
CN104072941A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-01 锦州市好为尔保温材料有限公司 Nano modified phenolic aldehyde foam insulation board and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103554830A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-05 林百川 Phenolic foam material with low coefficient of thermal conductivity and preparation method thereof
CN104072900A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-01 应璐 Thermal-insulating flame-retardant PS foamed plastic and preparation method thereof
CN104072941A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-01 锦州市好为尔保温材料有限公司 Nano modified phenolic aldehyde foam insulation board and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170426

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