CN106585905B - A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel - Google Patents

A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106585905B
CN106585905B CN201611157286.XA CN201611157286A CN106585905B CN 106585905 B CN106585905 B CN 106585905B CN 201611157286 A CN201611157286 A CN 201611157286A CN 106585905 B CN106585905 B CN 106585905B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
motor
installation
water hyacinth
conveyer belt
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CN201611157286.XA
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CN106585905A (en
Inventor
胡豪炜
何梁
王培根
丁炜杰
陆苏超
付宗国
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201611157286.XA priority Critical patent/CN106585905B/en
Publication of CN106585905A publication Critical patent/CN106585905A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, belongs to dirt cleaner technical field waterborne.It is low that it solves the problems, such as that existing water hyacinth salvages efficiency.This water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull, there is collecting chamber on hull, hull has two installation portions, conveyer belt is connected between two installation portions, the feed zone rotated down of conveyer belt is connected with cutterhead, material-pushing frame is rotatably connected to above feed zone, filter bores are evenly equipped with conveyer belt, filter is also fixed between two installation portions, installation portion, which is rotatably connected to, rolls cylinder, there is blank area between the rear end of conveyer belt and collecting chamber, blank is rotatably connected to knife rest in area, circular shear blade is connected with knife rest, hull, which is provided with, can drive the motor for rolling cylinder and knife rest rotation simultaneously.This water hyacinth rescue vessel can be salvaged to water hyacinth, filtered and cut automatically, and automaticity is high.

Description

A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel
Technical field
The invention belongs to dirt cleaner technical field waterborne, it is related to a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Background technology
Water hyacinth is that one kind is swum draft, and breeding is very fast, occurs the speed of growth for salvaging the less upper water hyacinth of speed often Situation, the water hyacinth of undue growth limits the flowing of water body, and water body does not have sunlight, becomes smelly, makes in water body Dissolved oxygen amount is reduced, it is suppressed that the growth of planktonic organism, is destroyed the natural ecosystem of rivers environment, can also be blocked navigation channel, influence shipping and row Let out, turn into agricultural, water conservancy, the dead enemy of environmental protection.Therefore water hyacinth needs manually to salvage, but pick-up boat in the market It is simple due to designing, cause power consumption larger, it is necessary to which worker is more, salvaging efficiency is low.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is above mentioned problem be present for existing technology, it is proposed that a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, this water Cucurbit pick-up boat can be salvaged to water hyacinth, filtered and cut automatically, and automaticity is high.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull, the ship There is collecting chamber, it is characterised in that the front end of the hull has the two strip installation portions forward extended out, two peaces on body There is space between dress portion, conveyer belt is connected with along hull fore-and-aft direction between two installation portions, the conveyer belt includes level Fillter section and be connected with positioned at fillter section front end and the feed zone that can swing up and down, the front end rotated down of the feed zone Cutterhead, the cutting edge of the cutterhead protrude the end of feed zone, are also associated with to revolve with movable knife disc below the feed zone front end The cutting motor turned, is rotatably connected to material-pushing frame above the feed zone front end, between material-pushing frame and the feed zone front end Charging gap is formed, the pusher motor that material-pushing frame can be driven to rotate, the peace are also associated with above the feed zone front end Dress portion is provided with the regulating part that feed zone can be driven to swing, and is evenly equipped with filter bores on the conveyer belt, two installation portions it Between also level be fixed with filter, the upper strata of the fillter section is abutted on filter, and the installation portion is in the top of filter It is rotatably connected to and rolls cylinder, this is rolled on the conveyer belt upper side that cylinder is pressed on above filter, and the hull is in conveyer belt There is blank area between rear end and collecting chamber, the knife rest of plate-like is rotatably connected in the blank area, the knife rest is horizontally disposed with, Some knife bars are vertically slidably connected on knife rest, some knife bars are circumferentially disposed along knife rest, the lower end of the knife bar Circular shear blade is rotatably connected to, the compression that blade is pressed on blank area bottom surface can be made by being provided between the knife rest and knife bar Extension spring, the hull, which is provided with, can drive the motor for rolling cylinder and knife rest rotation simultaneously.
Enter the hoverheight after water according to hull, the angle of conveyer belt front end feed zone is adjusted by regulating part so that enter The front end of material section is immersed in the water, and the water hyacinth certainly in collecting chamber gradually increases, and the weight of hull also becomes larger, therefore can To adjust the angle of inclination of feed zone in real time, feed zone or cutterhead is avoided to depart from the water surface, during hull advance, cutting electricity Machine band movable knife disc rotates, so that water hyacinth be cut off, because hull is in forward traveling, thus the water hyacinth to fall down can be poured on into Expect the front end of section, now pusher motor driven material-pushing frame is rotated, and water hyacinth can be pushed on conveyer belt by material-pushing frame, conveyer belt On offer filter bores, therefore with the transmission of conveyer belt, the water on water hyacinth can be flowed down gradually, to conveyer belt on water calabash When reed is sent to above filter, motor drive rolls cylinder and rolls water hyacinth, so as to which the moisture in water hyacinth fully be pressed Go out filtering, reduce the weight of water hyacinth, improve the bearing capacity of hull, the water hyacinth after rolling continues to be sent to blank area, drives Motor rotates with movable knife rack simultaneously, cuts water hyacinth in the presence of some blade pressing extension springs on knife rest, the water calabash after cutting Lu Tiji is smaller, into collecting chamber after stacking pressure it is more closely knit, improve the bearing capacity of hull, it is whole collect process automaticity compared with It is high.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the installation of strip is hinged with the front end surface of two installation portions Plate, roller is rotatably connected between the front end of two installing plates, the front end of the conveyer belt is set on roller, two peaces Two roller bearings are rotatably connected between the front end in dress portion, the downside on the conveyer belt upper strata is pressed on a roller bearing, conveyer belt The downside of lower floor is pressed on another roller bearing, and the regulating part is connected with installing plate.That is the feed zone connection of conveyer belt On two installing plates, wherein feed zone is turned to fillter section by roller bearing, realizes swinging up and down for feed zone.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the regulating part includes the regulation motor being connected on installation portion, the peace The front end in dress portion is also hinged with support bar, and roller, the lateral surface of the installing plate are hinged with the front end side wall of the support bar On along its length have be oriented to convex edge, it is described be oriented to convex edge side on offer guide groove along its length, described in two Support bar is located at the outside of two installing plates respectively, and the roller on support bar is resisted against in guide groove, the installation portion upper side On be rotatably connected to spool, two reels are fixed with the spool, drawstring, and the freedom of drawstring are wound with reel End is connected on support bar, and motor shaft and the spool of the regulation motor are fixedly connected with.Installing plate is supported by support bar, branch Strut is held by drawstring, realizes the positioning of feed zone, is driven reel to rotate by regulation motor during regulation, is furled or release Drawstring is put, so as to realize swinging up and down for installing plate, that is, realizes the angular adjustment of feed zone.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the front end of two installing plates is fixed with installation housing, the mounting shell position In being rotatably connected to rotating shaft on the lower section of conveyer belt front end, the bottom surface of the installation housing, mounting shell is stretched out in the lower end of the rotating shaft Body, the cutterhead are connected in the lower end of rotating shaft, and the cutting motor is connected in mounting shell body, and the motor shaft of cutting motor with Rotating shaft is fixedly connected with.By mechanical seal between rotating shaft and installation housing bottom surface, water is avoided to enter in mounting shell body, cutting motor is straight Connect driving cutterhead rotation, simple and stable structure.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, pusher shaft is rotatably connected on the upper side of two installation portion front ends, it is above-mentioned to push away The motor shaft of material motor is connected with pusher shaft, and the material-pushing frame includes the support body of two annulars and some connecting shafts, two support bodys It is connected on pusher shaft, the both ends of some connecting shafts are rotatably connected on two support bodys respectively, and some connecting shafts are along frame Body is circumferentially disposed, is fixed with some charging rams in the connecting shaft along its length, and charging ram and connecting shaft are perpendicular, described The spacing torsion spring that charging ram can be made to be radially arranged along support body is additionally provided with connecting shaft.Pusher motor driven pusher shaft rotates, real Water hyacinth can be pushed on feed zone by the rotation of existing support body, the charging ram in connecting shaft, and wherein connecting shaft can rotate, and The torsion of torsion spring is larger, and charging ram can promote water hyacinth under torsion spring effect, but if charging ram is hooked to fishing net, rope etc. The resistance being subject to during foreign matter is larger, and now connecting shaft can overcome the torsion of torsion spring and rotate so that charging ram departs from foreign matter, keeps away Exempt from that pusher motor is stuck or hull tilts.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, circumferentially there is the limiting section of some protrusions, institute on the medial surface of the support body State and spacer pin is fixed with the end sidewalls of connecting shaft, the spacing torsion spring is set in the end of connecting shaft, and spacing torsion spring one End is connected on support body, and the other end is connected in connecting shaft, and spacer pin is resisted against on limiting section in the presence of spacing torsion spring.Just Under normal use state, spacing torsion spring causes the spacer pin in connecting shaft to be resisted against on limiting section, now the length direction of charging ram It is radially arranged along support body.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, there are two bearings on the upper side of the installation portion, two bearings are located at respectively The both sides of filter, vertically offer chute on the opposite flank of two bearings, the equal company of slip in the chute Sliding block is connected to, described roll is fixed with main shaft on cylinder, the both ends of the main shaft are rotatably connected on two sliding blocks respectively, in the chute Tensioning spring is additionally provided with, the upper end of the tensioning spring is pressed on chute upper surface, and lower end is pressed on sliding block, in tensioning spring In the presence of roll on the conveyer belt upper side that cylinder is pressed on above filter.The main shaft for rolling cylinder is connected on sliding block, Tight spring, which can increase, rolls grinding pressure of the cylinder to water hyacinth, while rolls cylinder when running into the larger foreign matter of hardness and can overcome Tensioning spring elastic force and rise so that foreign matter is by avoiding damaging conveyer belt or rolling cylinder.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, there is installation cavity in the installation portion, the motor is connected in installation Intracavitary, escape groove vertically being offered on one of bearing, escape groove is stretched out in one end of the main shaft, and in stretching End is fixed with driven pulley one, is fixed with driving pulley one on the motor shaft of the motor, the driving pulley one with Driven pulley one is connected by belt, and nutted rod, the free end hinge of the nutted rod are also hinged with the side of the bearing Tensioning wheel is connected to, tensioning torsion spring is connected with the bearing, one end of the tensioning torsion spring is pressed on nutted rod, in tensioning torsion spring In the presence of tensioning wheel be pressed on belt.I.e. motor is driven by belt wheel transmission rolls cylinder rotation, simple and compact for structure, Wherein when rolling cylinder and rising, the distance between driving pulley one and driven pulley one change, therefore setting tensioning wheel, make Obtain belt and be in tensioning state all the time, avoid the occurrence of skidding.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, some mounting holes are circumferentially offered on the knife rest, the knife bar, which slides, to be inserted It is connected in mounting hole, knife rest upper side is stretched out in the upper end of the knife bar, and the upper end end stretched out circumferentially has connection convex edge, institute Compression extension spring is stated to be set on knife bar, and the upper end for compressing extension spring is connected on connection convex edge, lower end is connected in knife rest upper side On, knife rest downside is stretched out in the lower end of the guiding, and the lower end stretched out has the link of U-shaped, the blade rotation It is connected on link.I.e. each blade is pressed on blank area bottom surface by independent compression extension spring, and effect is more preferable, and is met It can also rise to blade during hardness larger foreign matter and avoid.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the lower section in the blank area has drive cavity, turns on the bottom surface in blank area Dynamic to be connected with rotary shaft, above-mentioned knife rest is connected in the upper end of rotary shaft, and the lower end of the rotary shaft is stretched into drive cavity, and is being stretched The end entered is fixed with worm gear, and power transmission shaft is rotatably connected in the drive cavity, and the power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, and the one of power transmission shaft End is fixed with worm screw, and the worm and wheel is meshed, and the other end of the power transmission shaft is stretched into drive cavity, and in the end stretched into Be fixed with driven pulley two, be fixed with driving pulley two on the motor shaft of the motor, the driving pulley two with it is driven Belt wheel two is connected by belt.Motor drives power transmission shaft to rotate by belt wheel transmission, and power transmission shaft then passes through worm gear and snail Bar mating band movable knife rack rotates, simple and compact for structure.
Compared with prior art, this water hyacinth rescue vessel has advantages below:
1st, due to entering the hoverheight after water according to hull, the angle of conveyer belt front end feed zone is adjusted by regulating part, So that the front end of feed zone is immersed in the water, the water hyacinth certainly in collecting chamber gradually increases, and the weight of hull also becomes larger, Therefore the angle of inclination of feed zone can be adjusted in real time, avoid feed zone or cutterhead from departing from the water surface.
2nd, water hyacinth is rolled because motor drive rolls cylinder, so as to which the moisture in water hyacinth is fully extruded into filtering, The weight of water hyacinth is reduced, cuts water hyacinth in the presence of some blade pressing extension springs on knife rest, the water hyacinth body after cutting Product is smaller, into collecting chamber after stacking pressure it is more closely knit, therefore the bearing capacity of hull can be improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 2 is the lateral partial structurtes sectional view of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 3 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at B in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is to roll the lateral partial structurtes sectional view at cylinder.
Fig. 6 is the partial structural diagram of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 7 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at C in Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at D in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1, hull;11st, collecting chamber;12nd, installation portion;13rd, filter;14th, blank area;15th, bearing;151st, chute; 152nd, escape groove;16th, installation cavity;17th, drive cavity;2nd, conveyer belt;21st, fillter section;22nd, feed zone;23rd, gap is fed;24th, mistake Filter opening;The 3rd, housing is installed;31st, cutterhead;32nd, rotating shaft;33rd, cutting motor;4th, material-pushing frame;41st, support body;42nd, connecting shaft;43rd, push away Expect bar;44th, pusher shaft;45th, spacing torsion spring;46th, limiting section;47th, spacer pin;48th, pusher motor;5th, regulating part;51st, install Plate;511st, it is oriented to convex edge;512nd, guide groove;52nd, roller;53rd, roller bearing;54th, support bar;541st, roller;55th, spool;56th, wind Wheel;57th, drawstring;58th, regulation motor;6th, cylinder is rolled;61st, main shaft;62nd, sliding block;63rd, tensioning spring;7th, knife rest;71st, knife bar; 711st, convex edge is connected;72nd, link;73rd, blade;74th, extension spring is compressed;75th, rotary shaft;8th, motor;81st, driving pulley One;82nd, driven pulley one;83rd, driving pulley two;84th, driven pulley two;85th, power transmission shaft;86th, worm gear;87th, worm screw;9th, it is tensioned Bar;91st, tensioning wheel;92nd, tensioning torsion spring.
Embodiment
It is the specific embodiment of the present invention and with reference to accompanying drawing below, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull 1, there is collecting chamber 11 on hull 1, hull 1 Front end has the two strip installation portions 12 forward extended out, has space between two installation portions 12, the edge between two installation portions 12 The fore-and-aft direction of hull 1 is connected with conveyer belt 2, and conveyer belt 2 includes horizontal fillter section 21 and positioned at the front end of fillter section 21 and can The feed zone 22 swung up and down, the front end rotated down of feed zone 22 are connected with cutterhead 31, the cutting edge protrusion charging of the cutterhead 31 The end of section 22, the cutting motor 33 that can be rotated with movable knife disc 31, feed zone 22 are also associated with below the front end of feed zone 22 Material-pushing frame 4 is rotatably connected to above front end, charging gap 23, feed zone 22 are formed between material-pushing frame 4 and the front end of feed zone 22 The pusher motor 48 that material-pushing frame 4 can be driven to rotate is also associated with above front end, installation portion 12, which is provided with, can drive charging The regulating parts 5 that section 22 is swung, filter bores 24 being evenly equipped with conveyer belt 2, also level is fixed with filter 13 between two installation portions 12, The upper strata of fillter section 21 is abutted on filter 13, and installation portion 12 is rotatably connected in the top of filter 13 and rolls cylinder 6, the stone roller Pressure cylinder 6 is pressed on the upper side of conveyer belt 2 of the top of filter 13, and hull 1 has between the rear end of conveyer belt 2 and collecting chamber 11 There is blank area 14, the knife rest 7 of plate-like is rotatably connected in blank area 14, knife rest 7 is horizontally disposed, on knife rest 7 vertically Some knife bars 71 are slidably connected, some knife bars 71 are circumferentially disposed along knife rest 7, and the lower end of knife bar 71 is rotatably connected to circle Blade 73, the compression extension spring 74 that blade 73 is pressed on the bottom surface of blank area 14, hull can be made by being provided between knife rest 7 and knife bar 71 1 rolls the motor 8 of cylinder 6 and the rotation of knife rest 7 provided with can drive simultaneously.
Enter the hoverheight after water according to hull 1, the angle of the front end feed zone 22 of conveyer belt 2 is adjusted by regulating part 5, is made The front end for obtaining feed zone 22 is immersed in the water, and the water hyacinth in collecting chamber 11 gradually increases certainly, and the weight of hull 1 also gradually becomes Greatly, therefore the angle of inclination of feed zone 22 can be adjusted in real time, avoid feed zone 22 or cutterhead 31 from departing from the water surface, in hull 1 During advance, cutting motor 33 rotates with movable knife disc 31, so as to which water hyacinth be cut off, because hull 1 is in forward traveling, because This water hyacinth to fall down can be poured on the front end of feed zone 22, and now pusher motor 48 drives material-pushing frame 4 to rotate, and material-pushing frame 4 can Water hyacinth is pushed on conveyer belt 2, filter bores 24 are offered on conveyer belt 2, therefore with the transmission of conveyer belt 2, water hyacinth On water can gradually flow down, to conveyer belt 2 on water hyacinth when being sent to 13 top of filter, motor 8 drives and rolled Cylinder 6 rolls water hyacinth, so as to which the moisture in water hyacinth is fully extruded into filtering, reduces the weight of water hyacinth, improves holding for hull 1 Carrying capacity, the water hyacinth after rolling continue to be sent to blank area 14, and motor 8 rotates with movable knife rack 7 simultaneously, if on knife rest 7 Dry blade 73 cuts water hyacinth in the presence of compressing extension spring 74, and the water hyacinth volume after cutting is smaller, into collecting chamber 11 after heap Pressure is more closely knit, improves the bearing capacity of hull 1, and whole collection process automaticity is higher.
Specifically, the installing plate 51 of strip is hinged with the front end surface of two installation portions 12, two installing plates 51 Roller 52 is rotatably connected between front end, the front end of conveyer belt 2 is set on roller 52, is rotated between the front end of two installation portions 12 Two roller bearings 53 are connected with, the downside on the upper strata of conveyer belt 2 is pressed on a roller bearing 53, and the downside of the lower floor of conveyer belt 2 compresses On another roller bearing 53, regulating part 5 is connected with installing plate 51, i.e. the feed zone 22 of conveyer belt 2 is connected to two installing plates 51 On, wherein feed zone 22 is turned to fillter section 21 by roller bearing 53, realizes swinging up and down for feed zone 22.
Specifically, regulating part 5 includes the regulation motor 58 being connected on installation portion 12, and the front end of installation portion 12 is also be hinged There is support bar 54, roller 541 is hinged with the front end side wall of support bar 54, is had along its length on the lateral surface of installing plate 51 Have and be oriented to convex edge 511, be oriented on the side of convex edge 511 and offer guide groove 512 along its length, two support bars 54 are distinguished Positioned at the outside of two installing plates 51, and the roller 541 on support bar 54 is resisted against in guide groove 512, on the upper side of installation portion 12 Spool 55 is rotatably connected to, two reels 56 are fixed with spool 55, drawstring 57, and drawstring 57 are wound with reel 56 Free end be connected on support bar 54, motor shaft and the spool 55 of regulation motor 58 are fixedly connected with, and installing plate 51 passes through support bar 54 are supported, and support bar 54 is held by drawstring 57, realize the positioning of feed zone 22, are driven by regulation motor 58 during regulation Reel 56 rotates, and furls or discharges drawstring 57, so as to realize swinging up and down for installing plate 51, that is, realizes the angle of feed zone 22 Degree regulation.
Specifically, the front end of two installing plates 51 is fixed with installation housing 3, and the installation housing 3 is located at the front end of conveyer belt 2 Lower section, install and be rotatably connected to rotating shaft 32 on the bottom surface of housing 3, installation housing 3 is stretched out in the lower end of the rotating shaft 32, and cutterhead 31 is connected In the lower end of rotating shaft 32, cutting motor 33 is connected in installation housing 3, and the motor shaft of cutting motor 33 is consolidated with the phase of rotating shaft 32 Even, water is avoided to enter in installation housing 3, cutting motor 33 is direct by mechanical seal between rotating shaft 32 and installation housing 3 bottom surface Driving cutterhead 31 rotates, simple and stable structure.
Pusher shaft 44, the motor shaft and pusher shaft of pusher motor 48 are rotatably connected on the upper side of the front end of two installation portion 12 44 are connected, and material-pushing frame 4 includes the support body 41 of two annulars and some connecting shafts 42, two support bodys 41 are connected on pusher shaft 44, if The both ends of involvement spindle 42 are rotatably connected on two support bodys 41 respectively, and some connecting shafts 42 are circumferentially disposed along support body 41, connection Some charging rams 43 are fixed with axle 42 along its length, and charging ram 43 and connecting shaft 42 are perpendicular, are also set in connecting shaft 42 There is the spacing torsion spring 45 that charging ram 43 can be made to be radially arranged along support body 41, pusher motor 48 drives pusher shaft 44 to rotate, and realizes Water hyacinth can be pushed on feed zone 22 by the rotation of support body 41, the charging ram 43 in connecting shaft 42, wherein the energy of connecting shaft 42 Enough to rotate, and the torsion of torsion spring is larger, charging ram 43 can promote water hyacinth under torsion spring effect, but if the hook of charging ram 43 The resistance being subject to during to foreign matters such as fishing net, ropes is larger, and now connecting shaft 42 can overcome the torsion of torsion spring and rotate so that push away Expect that bar 43 departs from foreign matter, avoid pusher motor 48 stuck or hull 1 tilts.If circumferentially have on the medial surface of support body 41 The limiting section 46 of protrusion is done, is fixed with spacer pin 47 in the end sidewalls of connecting shaft 42, spacing torsion spring 45 is set in connecting shaft 42 End, and the one end of spacing torsion spring 45 is connected on support body 41, and the other end is connected in connecting shaft 42, in the work of spacing torsion spring 45 It is resisted against with lower limit pin 47 on limiting section 46, under normal operating condition, spacing torsion spring 45 causes the spacer pin in connecting shaft 42 47 are resisted against on limiting section 46, and now the length direction of charging ram 43 is radially arranged along support body 41.
Specifically, there are two bearings 15, two bearing 15 is respectively positioned at filter 13 on the upper side of installation portion 12 Both sides, chute 151 is vertically offered on the opposite flank of two bearings 15, sliding block is slidably connected in chute 151 62, roll and main shaft 61 is fixed with cylinder 6, the both ends of the main shaft 61 are rotatably connected on two sliding blocks 62 respectively, are also set in chute 151 There is tensioning spring 63, the upper end of the tensioning spring 63 is pressed on the upper surface of chute 151, and lower end is pressed on sliding block 62, is being opened Cylinder 6 is rolled in the presence of tight spring 63 to be pressed on the upper side of conveyer belt 2 of the top of filter 13, that is, rolls the main shaft 61 of cylinder 6 It is connected on sliding block 62, tensioning spring 63 can increase the grinding pressure for rolling 6 pairs of water hyacinths of cylinder, while larger when running into hardness Cylinder 6 is rolled during foreign matter can overcome the elastic force of tensioning spring 63 and rise so that foreign matter is by avoiding damaging conveyer belt 2 or grinding Pressure cylinder 6.
Specifically, there is installation cavity 16 in installation portion 12, motor 8 is connected in installation cavity 16, one of branch Escape groove 152 is vertically offered on seat 15, escape groove 152 is stretched out in one end of main shaft 61, and is connected in the end of stretching There is driven pulley 1, driving pulley 1, driving pulley 1 and driven pulley one are fixed with the motor shaft of motor 8 82 are connected by belt, and nutted rod 9 is also hinged with the side of bearing 15, and the free end of nutted rod 9 is hinged with tensioning wheel 91, Tensioning torsion spring 92 is connected with bearing 15, one end of the tensioning torsion spring 92 is pressed on nutted rod 9, in the effect of tensioning torsion spring 92 Lower tensioning wheel 91 is pressed on belt, i.e., motor 8 rolls cylinder 6 by belt wheel transmission drive and rotated, simple and compact for structure, its In when rolling cylinder 6 and rising the distance between driving pulley 1 and driven pulley 1 change, therefore setting tensioning wheel 91 so that belt is in tensioning state all the time, avoids the occurrence of skidding.
Specifically, some mounting holes are circumferentially offered on knife rest 7, the sliding plug of knife bar 71 is in mounting hole, knife bar 71 Upper end stretch out the upper side of knife rest 7, and stretch out upper end end circumferentially have connection convex edge 711, compress extension spring 74 be set in knife On bar 71, and the upper end for compressing extension spring 74 is connected on connection convex edge 711, and lower end is connected on the upper side of knife rest 7, under guiding The downside of knife rest 7 is stretched out at end, and the lower end stretched out has the link 72 of U-shaped, and blade 73 is rotatably connected on link 72 On, i.e., each blade 73 is pressed on the bottom surface of blank area 14 by independent compression extension spring 74, and effect is more preferable, and runs into hardness Blade 73, which can also rise, during larger foreign matter avoids.
Specifically, the lower section in blank area 14 has drive cavity 17, and rotation is rotatably connected on the bottom surface in blank area 14 Axle 75, knife rest 7 are connected in the upper end of rotary shaft 75, and the lower end of rotary shaft 75 is stretched into drive cavity 17, and is consolidated in the end stretched into Worm gear 86 is connected with, power transmission shaft 85 is rotatably connected in drive cavity 17, the power transmission shaft 85 is horizontally disposed, and one end of power transmission shaft 85 is consolidated Worm screw 87 is connected with, the worm screw 87 is meshed with worm gear 86, and the other end of power transmission shaft 85 is stretched into drive cavity 17, and at the end stretched into Portion is fixed with driven pulley 2 84, is fixed with driving pulley 2 83 on the motor shaft of motor 8, driving pulley 2 83 with it is driven Belt wheel 2 84 is connected by belt, and motor 8 drives power transmission shaft 85 to rotate by belt wheel transmission, and power transmission shaft 85 then passes through snail Wheel 86 rotates with the mating band movable knife rack 7 of worm screw 87, simple and compact for structure.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to spirit explanation for example of the invention.Technology belonging to the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or be replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull(1), the hull(1)It is upper that there is collecting chamber(11), it is characterised in that institute State hull(1)Front end there are the two strip installation portions forward extended out(12), two installation portions(12)Between there is space, In two installation portions(12)Between along hull(1)Fore-and-aft direction is connected with conveyer belt(2), the conveyer belt(2)Include the mistake of level Filter section(21)With positioned at fillter section(21)Front end and the feed zone that can be swung up and down(22), the feed zone(22)Front end under Side is rotatably connected to cutterhead(31), the cutterhead(31)Cutting edge protrusion feed zone(22)End, the feed zone(22)Front end Be also associated with can be with movable knife disc for lower section(31)The cutting motor of rotation(33), the feed zone(22)The top of front end rotates It is connected with material-pushing frame(4), the material-pushing frame(4)With feed zone(22)Charging gap is formed between front end(23), the feed zone (22)It is also associated with that material-pushing frame can be driven above front end(4)The pusher motor of rotation(48), the installation portion(12)On set Feed zone can be driven by having(22)The regulating part of swing(5), the conveyer belt(2)On be evenly equipped with filter bores(24), two peaces Dress portion(12)Between also level be fixed with filter(13), the fillter section(21)Upper strata abut in filter(13)On, institute State installation portion(12)In filter(13)Top be rotatably connected to and roll cylinder(6), this rolls cylinder(6)It is pressed on filter(13) The conveyer belt of top(2)On upper side, the hull(1)In conveyer belt(2)Rear end and collecting chamber(11)Between there is blank Area(14), the blank area(14)Inside it is rotatably connected to the knife rest of plate-like(7), the knife rest(7)It is horizontally disposed, in knife rest(7) On vertically slidably connect some knife bars(71), some knife bars(71)Along knife rest(7)It is circumferentially disposed, the knife bar (71)Lower end be rotatably connected to circular shear blade(73), the knife rest(7)With knife bar(71)Between be provided with can make blade (73)It is pressed on blank area(14)Compression extension spring on bottom surface(74), the hull(1)It is provided with to drive simultaneously and rolls cylinder (6)And knife rest(7)The motor of rotation(8).
2. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that two installation portions(12)Front end surface on It is hinged with the installing plate of strip(51), two installing plates(51)Front end between be rotatably connected to roller(52), it is described Conveyer belt(2)Front end be set in roller(52)On, two installation portions(12)Front end between be rotatably connected to two roller bearings (53), the conveyer belt(2)The downside on upper strata is pressed on a roller bearing(53)On, conveyer belt(2)The downside of lower floor compresses In another roller bearing(53)On, the regulating part(5)With installing plate(51)It is connected.
3. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the regulating part(5)Including being connected in installation Portion(12)On regulation motor(58), the installation portion(12)Front end be also hinged with support bar(54), the support bar(54) Front end side wall on be hinged with roller(541), the installing plate(51)Lateral surface on along its length have be oriented to convex edge (511), the guiding convex edge(511)Side on offer guide groove along its length(512), two support bars(54)Point Wei Yu not two installing plates(51)Outside, and support bar(54)On roller(541)It is resisted against guide groove(512)It is interior, the peace Dress portion(12)Spool is rotatably connected on upper side(55), the spool(55)On be fixed with two reels(56), in reel (56)On be wound with drawstring(57), and drawstring(57)Free end be connected in support bar(54)On, the regulation motor(58) Motor shaft and spool(55)It is fixedly connected with.
4. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 3, it is characterised in that two installing plates(51)Front end be fixed with Housing is installed(3), the installation housing(3)Positioned at conveyer belt(2)The lower section of front end, the installation housing(3)Bottom surface on rotate It is connected with rotating shaft(32), the rotating shaft(32)Lower end stretch out installation housing(3), the cutterhead(31)It is connected in rotating shaft(32)Under End, the cutting motor(33)It is connected in installation housing(3)It is interior, and cutting motor(33)Motor shaft and rotating shaft(32)Xiang Gu Even.
5. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 4, it is characterised in that two installation portions(12)Turn on the upper side of front end It is dynamic to be connected with pusher shaft(44), above-mentioned pusher motor(48)Motor shaft and pusher shaft(44)It is connected, the material-pushing frame(4)Including The support body of two annulars(41)With some connecting shafts(42), two support bodys(41)It is connected in pusher shaft(44)On, it is some described Connecting shaft(42)Both ends be rotatably connected on two support bodys respectively(41)On, and some connecting shafts(42)Along support body(41)Circumferentially set Put, the connecting shaft(42)On be fixed with some charging rams along its length(43), and charging ram(43)With connecting shaft(42)Phase Vertically, the connecting shaft(42)On be additionally provided with and can make charging ram(43)Along support body(41)The spacing torsion spring being radially arranged(45).
6. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the support body(41)Medial surface on circumferentially have There is the limiting section of some protrusions(46), the connecting shaft(42)End sidewalls on be fixed with spacer pin(47), the spacing torsion Spring(45)It is set in connecting shaft(42)End, and spacing torsion spring(45)One end is connected in support body(41)On, the other end is connected in Connecting shaft(42)On, in spacing torsion spring(45)In the presence of spacer pin(47)It is resisted against limiting section(46)On.
7. the water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that the installation portion(12)Upper side on With two bearings(15), two bearings(15)It is located at filter respectively(13)Both sides, two bearings(15)Opposite flank on Vertically offer chute(151), the chute(151)Inside slidably connect sliding block(62), it is described to roll cylinder(6) On be fixed with main shaft(61), the main shaft(61)Both ends be rotatably connected on two sliding blocks respectively(62)On, the chute(151)It is interior to go back Provided with tensioning spring(63), the tensioning spring(63)Upper end be pressed on chute(151)On upper surface, lower end is pressed on sliding block (62)On, in tensioning spring(63)In the presence of roll cylinder(6)It is pressed on filter(13)The conveyer belt of top(2)Upper side On.
8. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the installation portion(12)It is interior that there is installation cavity (16), the motor(8)It is connected in installation cavity(16)It is interior, one of bearing(15)On vertically offer avoidance Groove(152), the main shaft(61)One end stretch out escape groove(152), and it is fixed with driven pulley one in the end of stretching(82), The motor(8)Motor shaft on be fixed with driving pulley one(81), the driving pulley one(81)With driven pulley one (82)It is connected by belt, the bearing(15)Side on be also hinged with nutted rod(9), the nutted rod(9)Freedom End is hinged with tensioning wheel(91), the bearing(15)On be connected with tensioning torsion spring(92), the tensioning torsion spring(92)One end compress In nutted rod(9)On, in tensioning torsion spring(92)In the presence of tensioning wheel(91)It is pressed on belt.
9. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the knife rest(7)Upper circumference offers some Mounting hole, the knife bar(71)Sliding plug is in mounting hole, the knife bar(71)Upper end stretch out knife rest(7)Upper side, and The upper end end of stretching circumferentially has connection convex edge(711), the compression extension spring(74)It is set in knife bar(71)On, and compress and draw Spring(74)Upper end be connected in connection convex edge(711)On, lower end is connected in knife rest(7)On upper side, the knife bar(71)Under Knife rest is stretched out at end(7)Downside, and the lower end stretched out has the link of U-shaped(72), the blade(73)Rotation connection In link(72)On.
10. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the blank area(14)Lower section have pass Dynamic chamber(17), in blank area(14)Bottom surface on be rotatably connected to rotary shaft(75), above-mentioned knife rest(7)It is connected in rotary shaft(75) Upper end, the rotary shaft(75)Lower end stretch into drive cavity(17)It is interior, and it is fixed with worm gear in the end stretched into(86), it is described Drive cavity(17)Inside it is rotatably connected to power transmission shaft(85), the power transmission shaft(85)It is horizontally disposed, and power transmission shaft(85)One end be connected There is worm screw(87), the worm screw(87)With worm gear(86)It is meshed, the power transmission shaft(85)The other end stretch into drive cavity(17)It is interior, And it is fixed with driven pulley two in the end stretched into(84), the motor(8)Motor shaft on be fixed with driving pulley two (83), the driving pulley two(83)With driven pulley two(84)It is connected by belt.
CN201611157286.XA 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel Active CN106585905B (en)

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CN107697235A (en) * 2017-08-09 2018-02-16 重庆鼎祥钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of water hyacinth clears up ship
CN107288113B (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-07-19 王志余 It is a kind of for protecting the Eichhornia crassipes collection and treatment device of water body
CN108374399B (en) * 2018-02-24 2020-08-14 张丽英 Duckweed cleaning boat
CN108505503B (en) * 2018-04-12 2020-07-24 雷磊 Drum-type water surface cleaning machine
CN109018231A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-18 东莞市奇趣机器人科技有限公司 A kind of underwater operation robot floating on water device
CN108978612B (en) * 2018-08-21 2020-12-15 山东创品信息咨询服务有限公司 Aquaculture scale treater
CN110254647B (en) * 2019-05-13 2021-06-22 黑龙江仙御饮品有限公司 Water quality impurity removing equipment
CN110952515A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-03 朱兆明 Riverway water ecological treatment equipment and riverway water ecological treatment method thereof
CN112224351A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-15 嘉兴学院 Fishing equipment for river regulation

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