CN106583347A - Control method of iron chip recovery device based on electromagnet - Google Patents

Control method of iron chip recovery device based on electromagnet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106583347A
CN106583347A CN201611012510.6A CN201611012510A CN106583347A CN 106583347 A CN106583347 A CN 106583347A CN 201611012510 A CN201611012510 A CN 201611012510A CN 106583347 A CN106583347 A CN 106583347A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide rail
control
electric magnet
slide
control module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611012510.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Zhishi Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Zhishi Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Zhishi Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Zhishi Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611012510.6A priority Critical patent/CN106583347A/en
Publication of CN106583347A publication Critical patent/CN106583347A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B7/00Cleaning by methods not provided for in a single other subclass or a single group in this subclass

Abstract

The invention discloses a control method of an iron chip recovery device based on an electromagnet. The iron chip recovery device includes the electromagnet, a slide rail, a slide block, a lead screw, a motor, a switch, a relay, a power supply module, a control module and a collecting box; during working, the switch is pressed down to send a recovery instruction to the control module; then, the control module controls communication of the relay to electrify a coil of the electromagnet so as to enable the electromagnet to generate magnetism; the control module controls the motor to work, and the lead screw drives the slide block to slide to enable the electromagnet to slide from one end, suspended out of the worktable, of the slide rail to the other end of the slide rail and to slide back; and finally, the control module controls cutoff of the relay to lose the magnetism of the electromagnet so as to enable waste iron chips on the electromagnet to fall into the collecting box. The control method is simple, is convenient to use, and can easily collect the waste iron chips.

Description

Control method based on the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet
Technical field
The present invention relates to scrap iron reclaims field, more particularly to a kind of controlling party of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet Method.
Background technology
Electric magnet is switched on producing a kind of device of electromagnetism.The conduction matched with its power in the outside winding of iron core around Group, this alive coil has magnetic as Magnet, and it is also referred to as electric magnet(electromagnet).We lead to Often it is made bar shaped or ungulate shape, so that iron core is more prone to magnetization.In addition, in order that electric magnet power-off demagnetization immediately, I Often manufactured using demagnetization soft iron faster or silicon steel material.Such electric magnet is magnetic when being powered, after power-off Magnetic just disappears therewith.Electric magnet has in our daily life and is extremely widely applied, because its invention also makes generating The power of machine is greatly improved.
After iron core is inserted inside energization solenoid, iron core is energized solenoidal magnetic field magnetization.Iron core after magnetization Also a magnet is become, so because two magnetic fields are mutually superimposed, so that solenoidal magnetic is greatly enhanced.In order that electric The magnetic of Magnet is higher, generally makes iron core ungulate.But it is noted that ungulate iron core coil around to conversely, one side up time Pin, another side must be counterclockwise.If around to identical, two coils will cancel out each other to the magnetization of iron core, iron core is not shown Magnetic.In addition, the iron core of electric magnet is manufactured with soft iron, and can not make of steel.Otherwise steel will keep for a long time after being magnetized Magnetic and can not demagnetize, then the power of its magnetic cannot be controlled with the size of electric current, and lose the due advantage of electric magnet.
Electric magnet can be galvanization producing the device of magnetic force, belong to impermanent Magnet, can easily by its magnetic Start or eliminate.For example:Goliath is lifted unwanted vehicle using electric magnet.
When electric current passes through wire, magnetic field can be produced around wire.Using this property, electric current is passed through into solenoid When, then uniform magnetic field can be made within solenoid.Hypothesis inserts ferromagnetic material at solenoidal center, then this ferromagnetism thing Matter can be magnetized, and can greatly enhance magnetic field.
In general, the magnetic field produced by electric magnet is relevant with the ferromagnet at size of current, wire circle and center.Setting During meter electric magnet, the distribution and ferromagnetic selection of coil can be focused on, and magnetic field is controlled using size of current.Due to coil Material has resistance, which has limited the magnetic field size that electric magnet can be generated, but the discovery with superconductor and application, will be organic Existing restriction can be surmounted.
In job shop, a large amount of iron filings are often produced along with processing, these iron filings spread all over the workbench of job shop On, small to be difficult to sweep, after the processing end of job, if manually sweeping, efficiency is very low, and is not easy to clean up.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is for defect involved in background technology, there is provided one kind is based on electricity The control method of the iron filings retracting device of Magnet.
The present invention is employed the following technical solutions to solve above-mentioned technical problem:
Based on the control method of the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet, the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet includes electromagnetism Ferrum, slide rail, slide block, leading screw, motor, switch, relay, power module, control module and collecting box;
The slide rail is arranged on the workbench for needing to carry out waste iron filing recovery, and one end of the slide rail vacantly is needing to carry out Outside the workbench that waste iron filing is reclaimed;
The slide block matches with the slide rail, can be in the slide rail slidably;
Through hole is provided with along slide rail direction on the slide block, the spiral shell matched with the leading screw thread surface is provided with the through hole Stricture of vagina, the leading screw is threadedly coupled through the through hole with the slide block;
The motor is arranged on the other end of the slide rail, and its outfan is connected with the leading screw, for controlling leading screw and then controlling Slide block processed slides on the slide rail;
The electric magnet is fixedly linked in strip, one end and the slide block, and the electric magnet is vertical with the slide rail, and and needs The desktop for carrying out the workbench of waste iron filing recovery is parallel;
The collecting box is arranged on the slide rail vacantly in the lower section of the outer one end of workbench, for collecting iron filings;
The input and power module of the relay is electrically connected, outfan and magnet spool are electrically connected;
The control module is electrically connected respectively with the control end of power module, switch, motor, relay;
The control method is comprised the steps of:
Step 1), switch is pressed, to control module transmission recovery command;
Step 2), control module control relay connection so that magnet spool is powered, and then cause electric magnet to produce magnetic Property;
Step 3), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that electric magnet is from slide rail vacantly in work Make the other end that the one end outside platform slides into slide rail;
Step 4), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that the other end of the electric magnet from slide rail Slide into the one end of slide rail vacantly outside workbench;
Step 5), control module control relay disconnection so that electric magnet loses magnetism, and then cause the waste iron filing on electric magnet In falling to the collecting box.
As control method further prioritization scheme of the present invention based on the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet, the control The processor of module adopts 51 series monolithics.
As control method further prioritization scheme of the present invention based on the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet, the control The processor of module adopts AT89S52 single-chip microcomputers.
As control method further prioritization scheme of the present invention based on the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet, the switch Using key switch.
As control method further prioritization scheme of the present invention based on the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet, the switch Using slide switches.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme compared with prior art, with following technique effect:
1. design simple, it is easy to use;
2. iron filings recovery can be easily carried out, scrap iron is recycled.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1- motors, 2- leading screws, 3- slide blocks, 4- electric magnet, 5- workbench.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in figure 1, the invention discloses a kind of control method of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet, described based on electromagnetism The iron filings retracting device of ferrum includes electric magnet, slide rail, slide block, leading screw, motor, switch, relay, power module, control module And collecting box;
The slide rail is arranged on the workbench for needing to carry out waste iron filing recovery, and one end of the slide rail vacantly is needing to carry out Outside the workbench that waste iron filing is reclaimed;
The slide block matches with the slide rail, can be in the slide rail slidably;
Through hole is provided with along slide rail direction on the slide block, the spiral shell matched with the leading screw thread surface is provided with the through hole Stricture of vagina, the leading screw is threadedly coupled through the through hole with the slide block;
The motor is arranged on the other end of the slide rail, and its outfan is connected with the leading screw, for controlling leading screw and then controlling Slide block processed slides on the slide rail;
The electric magnet is fixedly linked in strip, one end and the slide block, and the electric magnet is vertical with the slide rail, and and needs The desktop for carrying out the workbench of waste iron filing recovery is parallel;
The collecting box is arranged on the slide rail vacantly in the lower section of the outer one end of workbench, for collecting iron filings;
The input and power module of the relay is electrically connected, outfan and magnet spool are electrically connected;
The control module is electrically connected respectively with the control end of power module, switch, motor, relay;
The control method is comprised the steps of:
Step 1), switch is pressed, to control module transmission recovery command;
Step 2), control module control relay connection so that magnet spool is powered, and then cause electric magnet to produce magnetic Property;
Step 3), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that electric magnet is from slide rail vacantly in work Make the other end that the one end outside platform slides into slide rail;
Step 4), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that the other end of the electric magnet from slide rail Slide into the one end of slide rail vacantly outside workbench;
Step 5), control module control relay disconnection so that electric magnet loses magnetism, and then cause the waste iron filing on electric magnet In falling to the collecting box.
The processor of the control module adopts 51 series monolithics, preferentially adopts AT89S52 single-chip microcomputers.
The switch can adopt key switch, it would however also be possible to employ slide switches.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique it is understood that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein(Including skill Art term and scientific terminology)With with art of the present invention in those of ordinary skill general understanding identical meaning.Also It should be understood that those terms defined in such as general dictionary should be understood that with the context of prior art in The consistent meaning of meaning, and unless defined as here, will not be explained with idealization or excessively formal implication.
Above-described specific embodiment, has been carried out further to the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect Describe in detail, should be understood that the specific embodiment that the foregoing is only the present invention, be not limited to this Bright, all any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, done etc. should be included in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (5)

1. the control method of the iron filings retracting device of electric magnet is based on, and the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet includes electromagnetism Ferrum, slide rail, slide block, leading screw, motor, switch, relay, power module, control module and collecting box;
The slide rail is arranged on the workbench for needing to carry out waste iron filing recovery, and one end of the slide rail vacantly is needing to carry out Outside the workbench that waste iron filing is reclaimed;
The slide block matches with the slide rail, can be in the slide rail slidably;
Through hole is provided with along slide rail direction on the slide block, the spiral shell matched with the leading screw thread surface is provided with the through hole Stricture of vagina, the leading screw is threadedly coupled through the through hole with the slide block;
The motor is arranged on the other end of the slide rail, and its outfan is connected with the leading screw, for controlling leading screw and then controlling Slide block processed slides on the slide rail;
The electric magnet is fixedly linked in strip, one end and the slide block, and the electric magnet is vertical with the slide rail, and and needs The desktop for carrying out the workbench of waste iron filing recovery is parallel;
The collecting box is arranged on the slide rail vacantly in the lower section of the outer one end of workbench, for collecting iron filings;
The input and power module of the relay is electrically connected, outfan and magnet spool are electrically connected;
The control module is electrically connected respectively with the control end of power module, switch, motor, relay;
Characterized in that, the control method is comprised the steps of:
Step 1), switch is pressed, to control module transmission recovery command;
Step 2), control module control relay connection so that magnet spool is powered, and then cause electric magnet to produce magnetic Property;
Step 3), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that electric magnet is from slide rail vacantly in work Make the other end that the one end outside platform slides into slide rail;
Step 4), control module controlled motor work, by leading screw band movable slider slip so that the other end of the electric magnet from slide rail Slide into the one end of slide rail vacantly outside workbench;
Step 5), control module control relay disconnection so that electric magnet loses magnetism, and then cause the waste iron filing on electric magnet In falling to the collecting box.
2. the control method of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the control The processor of molding block adopts 51 series monolithics.
3. the control method of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the control The processor of molding block adopts AT89S52 single-chip microcomputers.
4. the control method of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described to open Pass adopts key switch.
5. the control method of the iron filings retracting device based on electric magnet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described to open Pass adopts slide switches.
CN201611012510.6A 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Control method of iron chip recovery device based on electromagnet Pending CN106583347A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611012510.6A CN106583347A (en) 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Control method of iron chip recovery device based on electromagnet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611012510.6A CN106583347A (en) 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 Control method of iron chip recovery device based on electromagnet

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106583347A true CN106583347A (en) 2017-04-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107971815A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-01 李明科 A kind of numerical control machine tool scrap iron processing unit

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100326468A1 (en) * 2005-12-09 2010-12-30 Parris Earl H Magnetic tool cleaner
CN204817352U (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-02 武汉理工大学 Cinder cleaning device
CN205398138U (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 赣州海创钨业有限公司 A high -efficient purification device for producing high -purity ammonium paratungstate
CN205588052U (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-09-21 林雪芬 Mill for milling machine iron fillings retrieve dust collector
CN205630113U (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-10-12 倪晖 Ash handling equipment for milling machine
CN205684407U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-16 张循环 A kind of machining iron filings dust-removing recovery device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100326468A1 (en) * 2005-12-09 2010-12-30 Parris Earl H Magnetic tool cleaner
CN204817352U (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-02 武汉理工大学 Cinder cleaning device
CN205398138U (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 赣州海创钨业有限公司 A high -efficient purification device for producing high -purity ammonium paratungstate
CN205588052U (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-09-21 林雪芬 Mill for milling machine iron fillings retrieve dust collector
CN205630113U (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-10-12 倪晖 Ash handling equipment for milling machine
CN205684407U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-16 张循环 A kind of machining iron filings dust-removing recovery device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107971815A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-01 李明科 A kind of numerical control machine tool scrap iron processing unit

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Application publication date: 20170426