CN106580581B - A kind of convalescence training bed for upper limb training - Google Patents

A kind of convalescence training bed for upper limb training Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106580581B
CN106580581B CN201610936672.2A CN201610936672A CN106580581B CN 106580581 B CN106580581 B CN 106580581B CN 201610936672 A CN201610936672 A CN 201610936672A CN 106580581 B CN106580581 B CN 106580581B
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bed
training
limb
fixed
arm
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CN106580581A (en
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樊瑜波
潘国新
陶春静
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National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids
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National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H23/00Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms
    • A61H23/02Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0002Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms
    • A63B22/0007Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by alternatively exercising arms or legs, e.g. with a single set of support elements driven either by the upper or the lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0002Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms
    • A63B22/001Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase
    • A63B22/0012Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase the exercises for arms and legs being functionally independent
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/06Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement
    • A63B22/0605Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement performing a circular movement, e.g. ergometers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of convalescence training beds for upper limb training, which includes: bed body;The bed body at least side is provided with upper limb training system;The upper limb training system includes: upper limb trainer and upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism, and the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism is mounted on bed body side, one end socket of the upper limb trainer and the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism.The problems such as training mode that this programme is able to solve existing convalescence training bed is single, bulky, occupied space is big.

Description

A kind of convalescence training bed for upper limb training
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical assistance rehabilitation training equipment technical fields, more particularly to a kind of health for upper limb training Multiple training bed, suitable for carrying out the instruction of quadruped locomotion functional rehabilitation to hemiplegia, paraplegia wound and other motor function patients with severe symptoms Practice bed.
Background technique
Because the patient of leg exercise obstacle caused by hemiplegia, cerebral thrombosis, wound etc. usually requires to receive upper limb and lower limb Rehabilitation training adjuvant treatment.Traditional four limbs recovery training method is rehabilitation therapist or household's recovering aid, expends physical strength Greatly, the time of training mode and strengthening training are not easy to control, and rehabilitation training effect cannot ensure.General Restoring nursing bed is only It can only only rest and use as patient, bed accessory is merely able to play the role of supporting to sufferer to lie down, and personnel lie up in sufferer In the process, parts of body can not be resumed training, movement under force and joint motion, under long-term bed state, sufferer personnel Rehabilitation ability it is low, need patient to leave bed accessory when needing to carry out limb rehabilitation training and carry out other rehabilitations, convenience It is low.Therefore, the medical bed product for assisting patient to carry out rehabilitation training comes into being, and solves to a certain extent long-term sleeping Rehabilitation problem on the bed of bed patient with severe symptoms, while the labor intensity of rehabilitation therapist has also been liberated significantly.
Limb rehabilitating ancillary equipment under existing patient's prone position state generally comprises bedside-type auxiliary rehabilitation exercise equipment With the training bed with limb rehabilitating miscellaneous function.Wherein, bedside-type auxiliary rehabilitation exercise equipment mainly has upper limb training equipment With leg training equipment, they can be used in combination by mobile with general duty nursing bed, be convenient for long-term bedridden patients progress upper limb or The exercise rehabilitation training of lower limb, such as the MOTOmed Intelligent upper limb kinematic system and Intelligent lower limb kinematic system of Germany, but should Class rehabilitation training equipment occupation space is big, expensive, high operation requirements.In addition, the training with limb rehabilitating miscellaneous function Bed includes: the training bed for upper limb healing, the bed for lower limb rehabilitation training and four limbs convalescence training bed.For long-term bed The patient of barrier again for, the upper and lower limb rehabilitation exercise training for carrying out targetedly lying position is very necessary, needs for four limbs Motor function carries out daily rehabilitation training, is beneficial to comparatively fast improve the quality of life of patient.
Patent 201520999879.5 is related to a kind of hemiparalysis recovery nursing training bed, including bed body, the head of a bed and bed of bed body Tail end is equipped with sliding rail, and bracket is housed on the sliding rail of bed end, is fixed with motor on bracket, and motor output end is connected with shaft, It is fixed with two connecting rods in shaft, arc panel is equipped between two connecting rods, arc panel is equipped with toe clip, and motor is connected with Frequency-variable controller, frequency-variable controller are located at the head of a bed;Elastic webbing is housed on the sliding rail of the head of a bed, is connected with handle on elastic webbing, it should Equipment can the hemiplegia patient to long-term bed carry out the Aided Physical function rehabilitation training of upper and lower limb in bed.The training is limited to Simple upper extremity strength and lower limb simple motion supplemental training, training mode is single, and cannot use as common hospital bed.
Patent 201520537596.9 discloses a kind of training bed for the synchronous rehabilitation of upper and lower limbs, including bed Plate, handgrip, drawstring, upper limb training system and leg training system, bed board side are equipped with groove, and upper limb training system includes set Cylinder, upright bar, cross bar and brace, sleeve and groove sliding are rabbeted, and upright bar is plugged in sleeve, and brace is hinged with sleeve, cross bar peace Mounted in rod end, cross bar is equipped with fixed pulley, and leg training system includes balance plate, brace and spring, brace both ends difference It is hinged at bed board side, balance plate, lower spring end and groove are rabbeted, and upper end is fixedly connected with brace, and handgrip, which is fastened, to be drawn Rope one end, drawstring pass through fixed pulley and fasten on the hinged shaft of balance plate side.The training bed collaborates structure using fixed pulley, realizes The linkage effect of upper and lower limbs training, but for the patient of barrier again of long-term bed, the muscular strength for being limited lower limb thereon is weaker, Unsuitable patient voluntarily using the method for manual operation training, not can guarantee the efficient rehabilitation of each range of motion in training process Training.
A kind of four limbs convalescence training bed of 201410201628.8 invention of patent ZL, comprising: bed body;It is supported in bed body Bed board, the bed board includes the first bed board, huckle bed board and calf bed board being set in turn in bed body, huckle bed One end of plate is rotationally connected with calf bed board, and the other end is rotationally connected with bed body or the first bed board;First driving device, installation Between huckle bed board and bed body, to drive huckle bed board to rotate;Bracket is installed in bed body;Arm training component, peace Loaded on bracket, and it is located at the top of the bed board;Control device is connected to first driving device and arm training component, and Controllable first driving device drives the huckle bed board to move back and forth in certain angular range.Leg bed board is split type Setting, and by the bed board alternating movement of leg at left and right sides of motor driven, therefore the reconditioning of leg may be implemented, pass through Rack-mount arm training component, while can also realize the reconditioning to arm.The upper and lower extremities health of the training bed Refreshment practices that motor pattern is single, and motor activity is smaller, cannot abundant simulation upper and lower extremities joint actual motion, and the instruction It is big to practice bed external form volume, occupies the larger interior space, the use in rehabilitation medical mechanism and family is restricted.
Shown in sum up, existing convalescence training bed is largely to have a single function or is individual lower limb rehabilitation training, It is individual rehabilitation training of upper limbs, the volume of existing four limbs rehabilitation training bed apparatus is larger, occupies a large amount of Interior Space Between, biggish workload and inconvenience are brought to operator, while patient also feels more in use in face of complicated training bed Pressure cannot carry out easily and comfortably resting after training as using ordinary hospital bed.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of convalescence training beds for upper limb training, to solve existing health The problems such as training mode of multiple training bed is single, bulky, occupied space is big.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of convalescence training bed for upper limb training, which includes: bed body;The bed body at least side It is provided with upper limb training system;
The upper limb training system includes: upper limb trainer and upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism, the upper limb training Device position adjusting mechanism is mounted on bed body side, one end of the upper limb trainer and the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism Socket.
Preferably, the upper limb trainer includes: upper limb trainer drive case, output pivoted arm and hand handle;
One end of the output pivoted arm and the power output axis connection of drive case, the other end and the rotatable company of hand handle It connects.
Preferably, the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism includes: bracket principal arm, support angle adjusting unit and bracket Length adjusting unit.
Preferably, it includes: fixing seat and adjustable plate arranged on the fixing seat that the support angle, which adjusts unit,;The branch One end of frame principal arm is rotatably connected with fixing seat, and the bracket principal arm passes through the locating piece being fixed thereon can divide with adjustable plate From fixation;
The support angle adjusts unit: gas spring push rod;One end of the gas spring push rod and bracket The rotatable fixation of principal arm, the other end are connect by fixed plate with bed body;
It includes: the first telescopic arm and the elasticity for positioning the first telescopic arm telescopic location that the stent length, which adjusts unit, Positioning pin;One end of first telescopic arm is set in the other end of bracket principal arm;
Preferably, the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism further comprises: lateral position adjusts unit;The transverse direction Position regulating unit includes: lateral principal arm, the second telescopic arm and the elastic positioning pin for positioning the second telescopic arm telescopic location; One end of the transverse direction principal arm and the other end of the first telescopic arm are rotatably connected, and the other end of the transverse direction principal arm is stretched with second One end of contracting arm is socketed, and is fixed by elastic positioning pin, and the other end of second telescopic arm is fixed with upper limb trainer.
Preferably, the upper limb training system further comprises for adjusting the upper limb inside upper limb trainer income bed body Training aids packs up mechanism.
Preferably, it includes: rotational positioning unit and chassis sliding unit that the upper limb trainer, which packs up mechanism,;
Rotational positioning unit includes: axle bed, elastic positioning pin and sleeve assembly;One end of the axle bed is fixed on first and stretches On contracting arm, the other end is connect by sleeve assembly with lateral principal arm;The axle bed is locked by elastic positioning pin and lateral principal arm It is fixed;
The chassis sliding unit includes: sliding chassis, preceding fulcrum and rear fulcrum;The sliding chassis passes through front slide seat It is hinged with preceding fulcrum and rear fulcrum respectively with rear sliding seat;The preceding fulcrum and rear fulcrum are respectively by preceding fulcrum fixing seat with after Fulcrum fixing seat is fixed on bedstead.
Preferably, the upper limb training system further comprises for locking to the expansion and collapsed state of sliding chassis Fixed sliding chassis locking mechanism.
Preferably, the sliding chassis locking mechanism includes: lock cell and sliding chassis inside lock on the outside of sliding chassis Order member;
Lock cell includes: positioning seat and elastic positioning pin on the outside of the sliding chassis;The positioning seat is fixed on bedstead On, the sliding chassis is fixed on positioning seat by elastic positioning pin;
Lock cell includes: supporting plate, locating rack and two-way positioning plate on the inside of the sliding chassis;The supporting plate is fixed on bed On frame;One end of the locating rack is fixed with supporting plate, and the other end couples with rear fulcrum;The two-way positioning plate is fixed on positioning On frame, pass through the fixed sliding chassis packed up of the location hole and positioning pin that are disposed thereon.
Preferably, the bed body includes: bedstead, mobile bed plate and fixed bed board;The fixed bed board is fixed on bedstead; The edge of the mobile bed plate is hinged by hinged shaft and fixed bed board, and the lower face of the mobile bed plate passes through electric pushrod and bed Frame connection;The driving electric rod drives mobile bed plate to rotate around hinged shaft, lifts angle so as to adjust human body back.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
Technical solution of the present invention compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention are as follows:
1, upper and lower limbs rehabilitation training system is all made of the rehabilitation technique method similar to rehabilitation training vehicle, passes through rotary motion Mode, can effective stimulus human body upper and lower extremities proprioception function, improve the rehabilitation exercise effect of upper and lower extremities.
2, the independent rehabilitation training of upper limb and lower limb can be realized in the convalescence training bed, and is able to achieve the coordination linkage of four limbs Rehabilitation training, can be applied widely for the different convalescences of different patients or patient.
3, upper limb and the recoverable lower part in bed board of lower limb rehabilitation training system, further reduce the indoor occupancy of bed Space, it is easy to use, enhance the sleep comfort level and rehabilitation wish of patient.
4, lower limb rehabilitation training system increases vola vibrator rehabilitation module, further promotes patients feet and lower limb Blood circulation function, play positive effect for integral rehabilitation.
Detailed description of the invention
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing;
Fig. 1 shows the general structure schematic diagram of convalescence training bed described in this programme;
Fig. 2 shows the structural schematic diagrams of angle adjustable bed surface in convalescence training bed described in this programme;
Fig. 3 shows the substructure schematic diagram of convalescence training bed described in this programme;
Fig. 4 shows the schematic diagram of upper limb training system regulating mechanism described in this programme;
Fig. 5 shows the schematic diagram of rotary positioning structure in upper limb training system described in this programme;
Fig. 6 shows the structural schematic diagram after upper limb training system described in this programme is packed up;
Fig. 7 shows the front view of convalescence training bed described in this programme;
Fig. 8 shows the structural schematic diagram after leg training system described in this programme is packed up;
Fig. 9 shows the structural schematic diagram after convalescence training bed described in this programme is integrally packed up;
Figure 10 shows the schematic diagram described in this programme for the convalescence training bed of upper limb training.
Drawing reference numeral: 101, bedstead;102, castor;103, fixed bed board;104, mobile bed plate;105, hinged shaft;106: electricity Dynamic push rod;201, upper limb trainer drive case;202, pivoted arm is exported;203, hand handle;204, the second telescopic arm;205, laterally main Arm;206, the first telescopic arm;207, bracket principal arm;208, adjustable plate;209, gas spring bar;210, chassis is slided;211, axle bed; 212, preceding fulcrum;213, front slide seat;214, rear sliding seat;215, rear fulcrum;216, preceding fulcrum fixing seat;217, rear fulcrum is solid Reservation;218, elastic positioning pin;219, elastic positioning pin;220, elastic positioning pin;221, axle bed;222, elastic positioning pin; 223, supporting plate;224, locating rack;225, two-way positioning plate;226, positioning seat;227, elastic positioning pin;228, fixing seat;229, Locating piece;230, casing;231, copper sheathing;232, baffle;233, screw;301, pedal;302, electronic treadmill drive case;303, Exerciser for lower limbs bracket;304, fixed column;305, column is moved;306, gas spring push rod;307, sliding rack;308, electric pushrod;309, Rotate connecting lever;310, fulcrum is slided;311, attachment base;312, support base;313, elastic positioning pin;314, vola vibrator.
Specific embodiment
In order to illustrate more clearly of the present invention, the present invention is done further below with reference to preferred embodiments and drawings It is bright.Similar component is indicated in attached drawing with identical appended drawing reference.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that institute is specific below The content of description is illustrative and be not restrictive, and should not be limited the scope of the invention with this.
The present invention provides a kind of convalescence training beds for four limbs combined training, can usually do ordinary hospital bed use, Patient is not influenced to go to bed, and when needing to carry out rehabilitation training, can select to carry out individual upper limb, lower limb rehabilitation instruction as needed Practice, the joint rehabilitation exercise training of four limbs can also be carried out.
As shown in Figure 1, the invention discloses a kind of convalescence training bed for four limbs combined training, the convalescence training bed packet It includes: bedstead 101, fixed bed board 103, mobile bed plate 104, rehabilitation training of upper limbs system, lower limb rehabilitation training system.The bed 101 bottom of frame is installed by four castors 102, the movement for training bed;The fixed bed board 103 is fixedly connected on bedstead 101 On, the mobile bed plate 104 is mounted on the front of bed body, is connect by hinged mode with fixed bed board 103, is passed through simultaneously Electric pushrod 106 is connect with bedstead 101, and realization can be overturn relative to fixed bed board 101, thus for patient's back stand up angle into Row adjustment;The rehabilitation training of upper limbs system and/or lower limb rehabilitation training system are installed on bedstead 101, and can be relative to Bedstead 101 does corresponding position and adjusts.
As shown in Fig. 2, the mobile bed plate 104 is connect with bedstead 101 by electric pushrod 106, electric pushrod 106 One end is hinged with bedstead, and the other end and movable bed frame 104 are hinged, under the driving of electric pushrod 106, make mobile bed plate 104 around Fixed bed board 103 rotates, and is adjusted by the rotational angle to mobile bed plate 104, can adjust back when patient lies on a bed Tilt angle meets comfort level when rehabilitation training.
This programme preferably uses two rehabilitation training of upper limbs systems.I.e. the rehabilitation training of upper limbs system includes upper left The structure connection scheme of limb training system and right upper extremity training system, two systems is identical, is symmetrically arranged in the two sides of bed body, can be real The rehabilitation exercise training of existing unilateral side upper limb or both upper extremities.
The upper limb training system includes that upper limb trainer, upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism and upper limb trainer are packed up Mechanism;The upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism is mounted on bed body side, the upper limb trainer and the upper limb trainer One end of position adjusting mechanism is socketed.
As shown in Figure 1, upper limb trainer is that hand grasps rotary movement structure, including upper limb trainer drive case 201, pivoted arm 202 and hand handle 203 are exported, by the different control modes of 201 built-in motor of upper limb trainer drive case, is driven Passive movement, active movement and the assist exercise mode of hand realization upper limb.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism includes bracket principal arm 207, training aids bracket angle Degree adjusts unit, training aids stent length adjusts unit and training aids lateral position adjusts unit.Wherein, training aids support angle Adjusting unit includes locating piece 229, adjustable plate 208, fixing seat 228, elastic positioning pin 218, gas spring push rod 209 and fixing axle Seat 211;Wherein, adjustable plate 208 and fixing seat 228 are fixed connection structure, and bracket principal arm 207 passes through hinged shaft and fixing seat 228 Hingedly, locating piece 229 and bracket principal arm 207 are to be fixedly connected, gas spring push rod 209 respectively with bracket principal arm 207 and fixing axle Seat 211 is hinged, and fixed plate 211 is fixedly connected on front slide seat 213, and bracket principal arm 207 is rotated relative to adjustable plate 208 When, it can be inserted into suitable positioning hole on adjustable plate 208 by the elastic positioning pin 218 on fixed block 229, realize training aids The adjusting of support angle positions.In rotation, gas spring push rod 209 plays power-assisted and buffer function.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, training It includes: the first telescopic arm 206 and elastic positioning pin 219 that device stent length, which adjusts unit, and the first telescopic arm 206 is equipped with multiple tune Knothole, telescopic arm 206 are socketed in bracket principal arm 207, and slidably relative to bracket principal arm 207, and then realize telescopic adjustment, Elastic positioning pin 219 is mounted on bracket principal arm 207, for the position locking to the first telescopic arm 206.Training aids lateral position Regulating mechanism includes that lateral principal arm 205, the second telescopic arm 204 and elastic positioning pin 222 form, one end of the second telescopic arm 204 It is socketed in lateral principal arm 205, the other end is fixedly connected with the shell of upper limb trainer drive case 201, the second telescopic arm 204 It can be slided relative to lateral principal arm 205, and then realize the adjusting of training aids lateral position, elastic positioning pin 222 is mounted on cross To on principal arm 205, for the position locking to the second telescopic arm 204.By the adjusting of upper limb trainer position regulating unit, make The rehabilitation training hand position of patient and the position Proper Match of training aids handle 203, adapt to the training demand of patient.
It includes upper limb trainer rotational positioning unit and chassis sliding unit that the upper limb trainer, which packs up mechanism,.Wherein, As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, training aids rotational positioning unit includes axle bed 221, elastic positioning pin 220 and sleeve assembly;It is described Sleeve assembly includes: casing 230, copper sheathing 231, baffle 232 and screw 233;Axle bed 221 and the first telescopic arm 206 are fixed connection It connects, elastic positioning pin 220 is mounted on axle bed 221, and casing 230 is connected in the macropore of lateral principal arm 205, and copper sheathing 231 is installed On the inner hole of casing 230,231 inner hole of copper sheathing is mounted on the optical axis of axle bed 221, and connection baffle 232 and screw 233 are for cross Positioning to principal arm 205, upper limb trainer is to when packing up under bed, it is necessary first to outside manually by lateral principal arm 205 relative to axle bed It revolves on the outside of 180 degree to bed body, is then positioned by elastic positioning pin 220;In training aids support angle regulating mechanism, by bracket master Arm 207 is rotated downwardly to horizontal position, is then locked bracket principal arm 207 by elastic positioning pin 218.As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 1, bottom Frame sliding unit includes sliding chassis 210, front slide seat 213, rear sliding seat 214, preceding fulcrum 212, rear fulcrum 215, preceding fulcrum Fixing seat 216, rear fulcrum fixing seat 217 and positioning mechanism composition, front and back fulcrum are fixed on bed board by front and back fulcrum fixing seat On the bedstead 101 of lower section, sliding chassis 210 is mounted on the fulcrum of front and back by sliding back and forth seat, and sliding chassis can be along front and back branch The axial direction of axis moves linearly, so that upper limb trainer bracket be driven to realize sliding.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the upper limb instruction Practicing system further comprises sliding chassis locking mechanism;The locking mechanism includes: lock cell and sliding on the outside of sliding chassis Chassis receives inside lock cell;Under training aids working condition, lock cell on the outside of sliding chassis is used, it is fixed by elasticity Position pin 227 will slide chassis 210 and be fixed on positioning seat 226, and positioning seat 226 is fixedly connected with bedstead 101;For sliding chassis Inside lock cell, positioning when being retracted under bed in the non-use state for upper limb trainer, including supporting plate 223, positioning Frame 224, two-way positioning plate 225, supporting plate 223 are fixedly connected with bedstead 101, and 224 one end of locating rack couples with rear fulcrum 215 and matches It closes, the other end is fixedly connected with supporting plate 223, and two-way positioning plate 225 is fixed on locating rack 224, and it is fixed to which is provided with left and right two Position hole, the withdrawal for left and right upper limb training system position, and when upper limb training system is retracted under bed, pass through elastic positioning pin 227 are fixed to sliding chassis 210 on two-way positioning plate 225, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.It is final by sliding chassis locking mechanism Packing up for rehabilitation training of upper limbs system is realized, so as to all pack up rehabilitation training of upper limbs system below bed board, is saved The occupied space problem of training bed.
The lower limb rehabilitation training system is instructed by recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs, exerciser for lower limbs position adjusting mechanism and lower limb To practice device and packs up mechanism composition, wherein recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs is composed of foot-operated rotary motion device and vola vibrator 314, As shown in figures 1 and 3, riding rotary motion device includes foot pedal 301, rotation connecting lever 309,302 groups of electronic treadmill drive case At the passive movement of patient's lower limb may be implemented, actively transport by the different control modes of motor in electronic treadmill drive case Dynamic and assist exercise mode, achievees the purpose that the joint of lower extremity athletic rehabilitation such as patient's hip joint, knee joint, ankle-joint;It is described 314 integrated installation of vola vibrator on 301 top of foot pedal, on the one hand recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs passes through foot-operated rotary motion health Multiple device can be realized lower limb and scrunch rotary motion rehabilitation modality, while can also realize high-frequency vibration by vola vibrator 314 Stimulate rehabilitation modality.Rehabilitation modality is stimulated using high-frequency vibration, vibromassage can be carried out to patient vola, by promoting patient's foot The blood circulation at bottom further increases rehabilitation efficacy.
The exerciser for lower limbs position adjusting mechanism includes that height and position adjusts unit and front-rear position adjusting unit, In, the core driving method that height and position adjusts unit is that device height adjustment is trained by electric up-down module, electronic Lifting module includes 305 two parts of fixed column 304 and dynamic column, the front-rear position of exerciser for lower limbs adjust unit include sliding rack 307, Electric pushrod 308 and the symmetrically arranged sliding fulcrum 310 for being fixed on 101 bottom inside of bedstead, sliding rack 307 are equipped with sliding Set realizes sliding with the sliding cooperation of fulcrum 310, and the fixed column 304 of above-mentioned electric lifting pole is fixedly connected on sliding rack 307, band Dynamic exerciser for lower limbs, which slide back and forth, realizes that position is adjusted, and electric pushrod 308 is simultaneously for the positioning after the adjusting of position.
As shown in figure 3, it includes exerciser for lower limbs bracket 303, attachment base 311 and auxiliary that the exerciser for lower limbs, which packs up mechanism, Help housing unit;The upper end of the training aids bracket 303 is fixedly connected with the shell of electronic treadmill drive case 302, lower end with Attachment base 311 is hinged, and attachment base is fixedly connected on the dynamic column 305 of electric lifting pole;The auxiliary housing unit includes: gas bullet Spring push rod 306 and support base 312, support base 312 are fixedly connected with attachment base 311, gas spring push rod one end and training Device bracket 303 is hinged, and the other end and support base 312 are hinged, and elastic positioning pin 313 is used for training aids bracket 303 under working condition Locking.When exerciser for lower limbs is packed up, elastic positioning pin 313 is opened, overturns electronic treadmill drive case 302 to the back lower place manually And training aids bracket 303, until training aids is packed up completely in bed board lower part, as shown in figure 8, saving training bed to reach The purpose of use space meets the normal daily life of patient.
As shown in figure 9, after upper and lower limbs rehabilitation training system is retracted into bed body lower part completely, the training bed can with it is common Hospital bed structure is the same, meets the daily daily life of patient.
In the present solution, Electronic control can be carried out simultaneously for upper limb trainer and exerciser for lower limbs, the connection of upper and lower extremities is carried out Dynamic movement realizes the harmony motor function training of upper and lower extremities, further increases the rehabilitation training effect of patient limb.
Figure 10 shows the schematic diagram described in this programme for the convalescence training bed of upper limb training, sets in bed body in the program Rehabilitation training of upper limbs system is set, complementary space, which can according to need, arranges in pairs or groups other facilities to meet the rehabilitation demands of user.
In conclusion this programme has following outstanding feature:
1, the integrated integrated structure of upper limb trainer and exerciser for lower limbs and bed body: the training bed takes into account upper and lower extremities training , the training bed structure is simple, easy to operate for function and the function of common daily life bed, has both been able to satisfy the health of upper and lower extremities Refreshment is practiced, and can use as ordinary hospital bed.
2, it both upper extremities training system and packs up mechanism: can be needed to carry out the unilateral or bilateral upper limb of user according to user Space is not only saved in rehabilitation training, it can also be ensured that synchronism and harmony in training process.When not in use, may be used Upper limb training system is recovered to bed body lower part, convenient and practical, strong flexibility at any time.
3, recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs is formed by foot-operated rotary motion device and Pedal vibrating rehabilitation block combiner, Pedal vibrating health Multiple module is equipped with vola vibrator, and the vibration rehabilitation in vola can be carried out to patient, by promote the blood circulation in vola come into One step improves rehabilitation efficacy.At the same time, realize that the lower limb of foot-operated rotary motion device scrunch rotary motion mode, and by foot-operated It vibrates rehabilitation module and realizes that high-frequency vibration stimulates rehabilitation modality.I.e. lower limb, which can be realized, scrunches rotary motion+foot high-frequency vibration thorn Sharp complex rehabilitation mode.
4, lower limb rehabilitation training system packs up mechanism: in use, can be with when only needing upper limb training or when ordinary hospital bed Leg training system is taken in bedstead at any time, convenient and practical, strong flexibility.
5, double upper limbs and lower limb carry out the exercise for coordination function of rehabilitation exercise jointly: to upper limb trainer and exerciser for lower limbs Electronic control can be carried out simultaneously, carries out the ganged movement of upper and lower extremities, realize the harmony motor function training of upper and lower extremities, further Improve the rehabilitation training effect of patient limb.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention be only to clearly illustrate example of the present invention, and not be pair The restriction of embodiments of the present invention may be used also on the basis of the above description for those of ordinary skill in the art To make other variations or changes in different ways, all embodiments can not be exhaustive here, it is all to belong to this hair The obvious changes or variations that bright technical solution is extended out are still in the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of convalescence training bed for upper limb training, which is characterized in that the convalescence training bed includes: bed body;The bed body At least side is provided with upper limb training system;
The upper limb training system includes: upper limb trainer and upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism, the upper limb trainer position It sets regulating mechanism and is mounted on bed body side, an end cap of the upper limb trainer and the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism It connects;
The upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism includes: bracket principal arm (207), support angle adjusting unit and stent length tune Save unit;
The support angle adjusts the adjustable plate (208) that unit includes: fixing seat (228) and is arranged on fixing seat (228);Institute The one end and fixing seat (228) for stating bracket principal arm (207) are rotatably connected, and the bracket principal arm (207) is by being fixed thereon Locating piece (229) and adjustable plate (208) are separable fixes;
The support angle adjusts unit: gas spring push rod (209);One end of the gas spring push rod (209) With bracket principal arm (207) rotatable fixation, the other end is connect by fixed plate (211) with bed body;
The stent length adjusts unit and includes: the first telescopic arm (206) and be used to position the first telescopic arm (206) telescopic location The first elastic positioning pin (219);One end of first telescopic arm (206) is set in the other end of bracket principal arm (207).
2. convalescence training bed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper limb trainer includes: upper limb trainer Drive case (201), output pivoted arm (202) and hand handle (203);
One end of output pivoted arm (202) and the power output axis connection of upper limb trainer drive case (201), the other end It is rotatably connected with hand handle (203).
3. convalescence training bed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper limb trainer position adjusting mechanism is into one Step includes: that lateral position adjusts unit;
The lateral position adjusts unit and includes: lateral principal arm (205), the second telescopic arm (204) and stretch for positioning second Second elastic positioning pin (222) of arm (204) telescopic location;One end and the first telescopic arm (206) of the transverse direction principal arm (205) The other end be rotatably connected, one end socket of the other end and the second telescopic arm (204) of the transverse direction principal arm (205) and is led to It crosses the second elastic positioning pin (222) to fix, the other end of second telescopic arm (204) is fixed with upper limb trainer.
4. convalescence training bed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper limb training system further comprises being used for Upper limb trainer inside adjustment upper limb trainer income bed body packs up mechanism.
5. convalescence training bed according to claim 4, which is characterized in that it includes: rotation that the upper limb trainer, which packs up mechanism, Turn positioning unit and chassis sliding unit;
Rotational positioning unit includes: axle bed (221), third elastic positioning pin (220) and sleeve assembly;The axle bed (221) One end is fixed on the first telescopic arm (206), and the other end is connect by sleeve assembly with lateral principal arm (205);The axle bed (221) it is locked by third elastic positioning pin (220) and lateral principal arm (205);
The chassis sliding unit includes: sliding chassis (210), preceding fulcrum (212) and rear fulcrum (215);The sliding chassis (210) hinged with preceding fulcrum and rear fulcrum respectively by front slide seat (213) and rear sliding seat (214);The preceding fulcrum (212) It is fixed on bedstead (101) by preceding fulcrum fixing seat (216) and rear fulcrum fixing seat (217) respectively with rear fulcrum (215).
6. convalescence training bed according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the upper limb training system further comprises being used for To the expansion and collapsed state of sliding chassis into line-locked sliding chassis locking mechanism.
7. convalescence training bed according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the sliding chassis locking mechanism includes: sliding Lock cell and sliding chassis inside lock cell on the outside of chassis;
Lock cell includes: positioning seat (226) and the 4th elastic positioning pin (227) on the outside of the sliding chassis;The positioning seat (226) it is fixed on bedstead, the sliding chassis (210) is fixed on positioning seat (226) by the 4th elastic positioning pin (227) On;
Lock cell includes: supporting plate (223), locating rack (224) and two-way positioning plate (225) on the inside of the sliding chassis;It is described Supporting plate (223) is fixed on bedstead;One end and supporting plate (223) of the locating rack (224) are fixed, the other end and rear fulcrum (215) couple;The two-way positioning plate (225) is fixed on locating rack (224), passes through the location hole being disposed thereon and positioning The fixed sliding chassis packed up of pin.
8. convalescence training bed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bed body includes: bedstead (101), pulldown bed Plate (104) and fixed bed board (103);The fixed bed board (103) is fixed on bedstead (101);The mobile bed plate (104) Hingedly by hinged shaft (105) and fixed bed board (103), the lower face of the mobile bed plate (104) passes through electric pushrod at edge (106) it is connect with bedstead (101);The electric pushrod (106) drives mobile bed plate (104) to rotate around hinged shaft (105).
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CN109431740A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-03-08 广州润虹医药科技股份有限公司 A kind of rehabilitation wave recovering bed
CN112675491A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-20 烟台市烟台山医院 Rheumatism patient resumes to use limbs trainer
CN112619046A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-09 哈尔滨体育学院 Middle and long distance running mode physical training equipment
CN112842728A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Patient postoperative rehabilitation and nursing device

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