CN106577398A - Grass carp culturing method - Google Patents

Grass carp culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106577398A
CN106577398A CN201611188776.6A CN201611188776A CN106577398A CN 106577398 A CN106577398 A CN 106577398A CN 201611188776 A CN201611188776 A CN 201611188776A CN 106577398 A CN106577398 A CN 106577398A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
herba
feedstuff
ctenopharyngodon idellus
plant
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CN201611188776.6A
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Inventor
陆志斌
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Guangxi Rui Gui Han Agriculture Co Ltd
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Guangxi Rui Gui Han Agriculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611188776.6A priority Critical patent/CN106577398A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of culturing of grass carps and particularly relates to a grass carp culturing method. The grass carp culturing method specifically comprises the following steps: (1) treating a pond; (2) putting grass carp fry; (2) feeding feeds; (4) preventing diseases; and (3) managing water quality. Through reasonable layout of the steps of treating the pond, selecting and putting grass carp fry, selecting and feeding the feeds, preventing diseases and managing water quality, the nutrient-rich feeds are supplied to the grass carp, the immunity of the grass carp is enhanced, the healthy growth of the grass carp is effectively promoted and the survival rate of the grass carp is increased, and then the aquaculture benefit is increased.

Description

A kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural technique field, and in particular to a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method.
Background technology
Aquatic products are rich in 8 kinds of aminoacid needed by human, are one of main sources of mankind's high quality protein, delicious and battalion Support, fat content is low.Wherein, Ctenopharyngodon idellus are the main Fish-water Fish Farming object of China, are typical herbivorous fishes, in being distributed in The each big water system of state, meat flavour is beautiful, and fish gallbladder is poisonous.Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultivation at present increasingly receives publicity, but the growth of Ctenopharyngodon idellus is subject to many The impact of factor, such as nutrition problem, temperature and water quality, can all affect Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus.How what aquaculture family was ignorant of selects Feedstuff, is all throughout the year to feed same feedstuff, and it is uneven to result in Ctenopharyngodon idellus nutrition, or overnutrition, sexual precosity or disease etc. are asked The generation of topic.Aquaculture family should carry out aquaculture according to Various Seasonal, Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus situation etc., could more efficiently Improve aquaculture benefit.
The content of the invention
The present invention goal of the invention be:It is that Ctenopharyngodon idellus are carried for above-mentioned problem, there is provided a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method For nutritious feedstuff, strengthen Ctenopharyngodon idellus immunity, effectively facilitate Ctenopharyngodon idellus healthy growth and Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rate, and then improve Aquatic product Culture benefit.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, specifically includes following steps:
(1) pond treatment:Throw in and pond is carried out before fry desilting, shine the pool and disinfect;
(2) fry is thrown in:Select physique healthy and strong, it is disease-free without wound and the close fry of size started at the beginning of 3 months throw in, per mu Throw in 600-800 tails;
(3) feedstuff feeding:Summer and autumn feed plant-derived feedstuff, and springtime and winter feeds animalsderived feedstuffs, often Day feeds intake 2-3 time, and plant-derived feedstuff injected volume is the 10-15% of fish body weight, and animalsderived feedstuffs injected volume is fish body weight 5-10%;
(4) disease prevention:Chinese herbal medicine additive is mixed with feedstuff and is fed, wherein Chinese herbal medicine additive quality is institute Feedstuff 3-5% is stated, a Chinese herbal medicine additive was fed every 15 days;
(5) water quality management:Per water is changed within 5-7 days once, until capture.
Preferably, Chinese herbal medicine additive described in step (4) is mainly decocted by following raw material Jing, concentrated and is dried Make:Fructus Quisqualis 12-15 parts, Nicotiana tabacum L. 13-15 parts, Melia azedarach L. 15-17 parts, Bulbus Allii 11-13 parts, Radix Pulsatillae 12-15 parts, Cortex Sapii Radiciss 13- 15 parts, Herba Verbenae 12-14 parts, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae 10-12 parts, Herba Acalyphae 9-11 parts, Herba Cayatiae Japonicae 10-12 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 10-12 parts, Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 10-12 parts, phragmites communiss 9-11 parts, Rhizoma Acori Calami 9-11 parts, Herba Violae 9-11 parts, Semen Arecae 7-9 parts and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss 5-6 parts.
Preferably, plant-derived feedstuff is mainly made up of following raw material described in step (3):Phragmites communiss 11-13 parts, Herba Cichorii 13-15 parts, Alfalfa 13-15 parts, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) 12-14 parts, Vicia dasycarpa 13-15 parts, leaf beet 12-15 parts, Herba penniseti 11-13 Part, Pennisetum hydridum 9-11 parts, silphium perfoliatum L 4-6 parts, rye grass 7-9 parts, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae 8-10 parts, mexican Semen Maydis grass 9-11 parts, Grain amaranth 9-11 part, sorghum hybrid sudangrass 9-11 parts, paspalum notatum 5-7 parts, Jujun grasses 9-11 part, prince's-feather 9-11 parts, Semen Maydis powder 7-9 parts, Bean cake 7-9 parts, Testa Tritici 7-9 parts, microorganism 2-3 parts.
Preferably, the microorganism is mixed by aspergillosiss, yeast, lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria, and each bacterium Addition all same.
As mentioned above plant-derived feedstuff is prepared according to said ratio by following steps:
(1) by fresh phragmites communiss, Herba Cichorii, Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), Vicia dasycarpa, leaf beet, Herba penniseti, Pennisetum hydridum, Silphium perfoliatum Grass, rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae, mexican Semen Maydis grass, grain amaranth, sorghum hybrid sudangrass, paspalum notatum, Jujun grasses and prince's-feather remove impurity are cleaned, and are dried in the air After dry surface moisture content, count by weight, weigh each above raw material and rubbed and crushed, and be mixed into forage mixing Thing;
(2) Semen Maydiss are shone into dry doubling threshing, then is crushed, sieved, obtain Semen Maydis powder;
(3) by forage mixture, Semen Maydis powder, bean cake, Testa Tritici and microorganism mixing and stirring, mixture is made;
(4) ensiling process is carried out by the mixture barrelling or into fermentation vat, the plant-derived feedstuff is obtained.
Preferably, in step (4), the temperature that the ensiling is processed is 25-30 DEG C, and the time is 3-4 days, and water content control exists 60%-70%.
In sum, as a result of above-mentioned technical proposal, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention selects to feed DIFFERENT FEED by Various Seasonal, and plant-derived feedstuff and animalsderived feedstuffs are mutually handed over For feeding, Chinese herbal medicine additive is also mixed into, has made Ctenopharyngodon idellus not only obtain the supplement of different nutriments, effectively facilitated Ctenopharyngodon idellus Healthy growth, also strengthens Ctenopharyngodon idellus immunity, improves Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rate.
Wherein, phragmites communiss are cold in nature in plant-derived feedstuff, sweet in the mouth, thick flavor, containing thick protein, crude fibre, saccharide, shallow lake The nutrient substance such as powder, amino acid, vitamin, with the effect of removing toxic substances, refrigerant, stomach invigorating, diuresis;Herba Cichorii mildly bitter flavor, Xin Xiang, are rich in Protein, electrolytes and minerals, quality is tender, good palatability, with the effects such as heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, inducing diuresis to remove edema, stomach invigorating;Herba Medicaginiss Grass is of high nutritive value, good palatability, containing rich in protein, mineral, crude fibre, multivitamin, trace element and Hu Radix Raphani element, the effects such as with relieving cough and asthma, tonifying blood and arresting bleeding, catharsis and toxin expelling;Herba penniseti sweet in the mouth, it is mild-natured, rich in crude fat, crude protein And crude fibre, it is nutritious, the effects such as with clearing away lung-heat to relieve cough, cooling blood for improving eyesight;Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) sweet in the mouth is sweet, micro-pungent, cold in nature, palatability Good, protein content is high, the effect of with heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, inducing diuresis to remove edema;Vicia dasycarpa taste micro-pungent, micro-sweet, it is mild-natured, containing crude protein, Crude fat and crude fibre, are of high nutritive value, with the effect of dispelling pathogenic wind for improving eyesight, invigorating the spleen and benefiting QI, removing toxic substances pain relieving;Leaf beet is rich in thick egg In vain, crude fat, crude fibre and trace element etc., tender succulence, good palatability, with heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, effect of clots absorbing hemostasis;With Upper Plant Nutritional Value is high, good palatability, is good protein feedss, also medical value, and combination can be effectively increased together The nutritive value of feedstuff, also with certain medical value, promotes Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus, also improves Ctenopharyngodon idellus life rate.Pennisetum hydridum is crisp Tender succulence, sweet in the mouth is sweet, good palatability, with high nutrition albumen;Silphium perfoliatum L gross protein value is high, special Colophonium taste, Palatability is good;English ryegrass is rich in thick protein, and quality is tender, good palatability, and digestibility is high;Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae is light green more Juice, good palatability, thick protein and crude fat relatively enrich;Mexican Semen Maydis grass blade leaf taste is sweet, and tender and crisp succulence, palatability is fabulous, It is nutritious containing crude protein, crude fibre and lysine, and digest high conversion rate;The tender succulence of grain amaranth, delicate fragrance is good to eat, fits Mouth property is good, nutritious, rich in thick protein, crude fat, have the title of " azolla filliculoidas ";Sorghum hybrid sudangrass is rich in crude protein, thick fat Fat and sugar amount;Jujun grasses crude protein, crude fat and sugar content are high, are the protein feedss of high-quality;Paspalum notatum has protein Content is high, also fiber and mineral element etc., nutritious, good palatability;Prince's-feather stem and leaf is tender, and nutritive value is higher, fits Mouth property is good, and protein, fat, carbohydrate, mineral and micronutrient levelss are very high;The above plant is with rich The nutrient substance such as rich crude protein, crude fat, are the protein feedss of high-quality, significantly improve the nutritive value of feedstuff.But The nutrient substance of plant feed directly feeds without process, and nutrient substance can be difficult to be assimilated, the plant of the present invention Source feed processes these plants through ensiling, and by adding Semen Maydis powder, bean cake, Testa Tritici fresh juice unnecessary in plant is absorbed Liquid, the nutritional labeling of plant is ensure that to greatest extent will not be lost in.Aspergillosis, yeast and lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria are from feedstuff Nutritional labeling is drawn, is bred and metabolism, the metabolite such as produced enzyme, acids causes starch contained therein in feedstuff, egg The organic matter degradation such as white matter and cellulose is monosaccharide and disaccharide, aminoacid and trace element etc., promote feedstuff to soften, become perfumed and more Plus it is agreeable to the taste, finally making those be difficult that crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre for being absorbed and used etc. change into can absorbed nutrient Matter, improve Ctenopharyngodon idellus to the digestion of nutrient substance, absorb and utilization rate, and various metabolites that microorganism is produced are (as each Plant acids, enzyme, antibiotic, bacteriocidin, somatomedin etc.) also it is mixed in feedstuff, harmful bacteria growing can be suppressed, maintain Ctenopharyngodon idellus Stablizing for intestinal microflora, so as to improve the immunity and resistances against diseases of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, has effectively facilitated Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus, improves into Motility rate, and then improve Ctenopharyngodon idellus culture benefit.
Be mixed in the feedstuff for feeding by Fructus Quisqualis, Nicotiana tabacum L., Melia azedarach L., Bulbus Allii, the Radix Pulsatillae, Cortex Sapii Radiciss, Herba Verbenae, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, Chinese herbal medicine additive made by Herba Acalyphae, Herba Cayatiae Japonicae, Rhizoma Coptidis, Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, phragmites communiss, Rhizoma Acori Calami, Herba Violae, Semen Arecae and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss, its In, Cortex Sapii Radiciss, Herba Verbenae, Bulbus Allii, Fructus Quisqualis, the Radix Pulsatillae, Nicotiana tabacum L. and Melia azedarach L. do not only have bactericidal action, moreover it is possible to kill Trichodina, little The parasites such as melonworm, are monarch drug;Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, Rhizoma Coptidis, Herba Cayatiae Japonicae, phragmites communiss, Herba Violae, Rhizoma Acori Calami, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae and Herba Acalyphae are main There is antibiotic and sterilizing effect, also Detoxication is ministerial drug;Semen Arecae has antiviral, insect-expelling function, is adjuvant drug;Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss have solution Poison, disinsection efficiency, to make medicine;These drug regimens are together so that the present invention Chinese herbal medicine additive have removing toxic substances, parasite killing, Degerming special efficacy, effectively treatment Ctenopharyngodon idellus bacterial gill rot disease, enteritis disease and kills Trichodina, the parasite disease such as little melonworm Disease, the effectively generation of preventing and treating grass carp disease, improve Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rate.
Specific embodiment
The invention discloses a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, for Ctenopharyngodon idellus nutritious feedstuff is provided, strengthen Ctenopharyngodon idellus immunity, Ctenopharyngodon idellus healthy growth and Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rate are effectively facilitated, and then improves Ctenopharyngodon idellus culture benefit.
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, specifically includes following steps:
(1) pond treatment:Throw in and pond is carried out before fry desilting, shine the pool and disinfect;
(2) fry is thrown in:Select physique healthy and strong, it is disease-free without wound and the close fry of size started at the beginning of 3 months throw in, per mu Throw in 600 tails;
(3) feedstuff feeding:Summer and autumn feed plant-derived feedstuff, and springtime and winter feeds animalsderived feedstuffs, often Day feeds intake 2 times, and plant-derived feedstuff injected volume is the 10% of fish body weight, and animalsderived feedstuffs injected volume is the 5% of fish body weight, institute State plant-derived feedstuff to be mainly made up of following raw material:11 parts of phragmites communiss, 13 parts of Herba Cichorii, 13 parts of Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) 12 Part, 13 parts of Vicia dasycarpa, 12 parts of leaf beet, 11 parts of Herba penniseti, 9 parts of Pennisetum hydridum, 4 parts of silphium perfoliatum L, 7 parts of rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae 8 Part, 9 parts of mexican Semen Maydis grass, 9 parts of grain amaranth, 9 parts of sorghum hybrid sudangrass, 5 parts of paspalum notatum, 9 parts of Jujun grasses, 9 parts of prince's-feather, Semen Maydis powder 7 Part, 7 parts of bean cake, 7 parts of Testa Tritici, 2 parts of microorganism, the microorganism is by the mixing of aspergillosiss, yeast, lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria Into, and the weight of each bacterium compares all same;
(4) disease prevention:Chinese herbal medicine additive is mixed with feedstuff and is fed, wherein Chinese herbal medicine additive quality is institute Feedstuff 3% is stated, a Chinese herbal medicine additive was fed every 15 days, the Chinese herbal medicine additive is mainly by following raw material Jing Decoct, concentration and drying are made:12 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, 13 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L., 15 parts of Melia azedarach L., 11 parts of Bulbus Allii, 12 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, Cortex Sapii Radiciss 13 Part, 12 parts of Herba Verbenae, 10 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 9 parts of Herba Acalyphae, 10 parts of Herba Cayatiae Japonicae, 10 parts of Rhizoma Coptidis, 10 parts of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 9 parts of phragmites communiss, water Chang 5 parts of 9 parts of Pu, 9 parts of Herba Violae, 7 parts of Semen Arecae and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss;
(5) water quality management:Water was changed per 5 days once, until capture.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, specifically includes following steps:
(1) pond treatment:Throw in and pond is carried out before fry desilting, shine the pool and disinfect;
(2) fry is thrown in:Select physique healthy and strong, it is disease-free without wound and the close fry of size started at the beginning of 3 months throw in, per mu Throw in 700 tails;
(3) feedstuff feeding:Summer and autumn feed plant-derived feedstuff, and springtime and winter feeds animalsderived feedstuffs, often Day feeds intake 3 times, and plant-derived feedstuff injected volume is the 13% of fish body weight, and animalsderived feedstuffs injected volume is the 7% of fish body weight, institute State plant-derived feedstuff to be mainly made up of following raw material:12 parts of phragmites communiss, 14 parts of Herba Cichorii, 14 parts of Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) 13 Part, 14 parts of Vicia dasycarpa, 14 parts of leaf beet, 12 parts of Herba penniseti, 10 parts of Pennisetum hydridum, 5 parts of silphium perfoliatum L, 8 parts of rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae 9 Part, 10 parts of mexican Semen Maydis grass, 10 parts of grain amaranth, 10 parts of sorghum hybrid sudangrass, 6 parts of paspalum notatum, 10 parts of Jujun grasses, 10 parts of prince's-feather, jade 8 parts of rice flour, 8 parts of bean cake, 8 parts of Testa Tritici, 2.5 parts of microorganism, the microorganism is by aspergillosiss, yeast, lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic Bacterium mixes, and the weight of each bacterium compares all same;
(4) disease prevention:Chinese herbal medicine additive is mixed with feedstuff and is fed, wherein Chinese herbal medicine additive quality is institute Feedstuff 3-5% is stated, a Chinese herbal medicine additive was fed every 15 days, the Chinese herbal medicine additive is mainly by following raw material Jing is decocted, concentration and drying are made:14 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, 14 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L., 16 parts of Melia azedarach L., 12 parts of Bulbus Allii, 13 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, Cortex Sapii Radiciss 14 Part, 13 parts of Herba Verbenae, 11 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 10 parts of Herba Acalyphae, 11 parts of Herba Cayatiae Japonicae, 11 parts of Rhizoma Coptidis, 11 parts of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 10 parts of phragmites communiss, water 5.5 parts of 10 parts of Rhizoma Acori Graminei, 10 parts of Herba Violae, 8 parts of Semen Arecae and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss;
(5) water quality management:Water was changed per 6 days once, until capture.
Embodiment 3
A kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, specifically includes following steps:
(1) pond treatment:Throw in and pond is carried out before fry desilting, shine the pool and disinfect;
(2) fry is thrown in:Select physique healthy and strong, it is disease-free without wound and the close fry of size started at the beginning of 3 months throw in, per mu Throw in 800 tails;
(3) feedstuff feeding:Summer and autumn feed plant-derived feedstuff, and springtime and winter feeds animalsderived feedstuffs, often Day feeds intake 3 times, and plant-derived feedstuff injected volume is the 15% of fish body weight, and animalsderived feedstuffs injected volume is the 10% of fish body weight, The plant-derived feedstuff is mainly made up of following raw material:13 parts of phragmites communiss, 15 parts of Herba Cichorii, 15 parts of Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) 14 parts, 15 parts of Vicia dasycarpa, 15 parts of leaf beet, 13 parts of Herba penniseti, 11 parts of Pennisetum hydridum, 6 parts of silphium perfoliatum L, 9 parts of rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae 10 parts, mexican Semen Maydis grass 11 parts, 11 parts of grain amaranth, 11 parts of sorghum hybrid sudangrass, 7 parts of paspalum notatum, 11 parts of Jujun grasses, 11 parts of prince's-feather, 9 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 9 parts of bean cake, 9 parts of Testa Tritici, 3 parts of microorganism, the microorganism is by aspergillosiss, yeast, lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic Bacterium mixes, and the weight of each bacterium compares all same;
(4) disease prevention:Chinese herbal medicine additive is mixed with feedstuff and is fed, wherein Chinese herbal medicine additive quality is institute Feedstuff 5% is stated, a Chinese herbal medicine additive was fed every 15 days, the Chinese herbal medicine additive is mainly by following raw material Jing Decoct, concentration and drying are made:15 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, 15 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L., 17 parts of Melia azedarach L., 13 parts of Bulbus Allii, 15 parts of the Radix Pulsatillae, Cortex Sapii Radiciss 15 Part, 14 parts of Herba Verbenae, 12 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 11 parts of Herba Acalyphae, 12 parts of Herba Cayatiae Japonicae, 12 parts of Rhizoma Coptidis, 12 parts of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 11 parts of phragmites communiss, water 6 parts of 11 parts of Rhizoma Acori Graminei, 11 parts of Herba Violae, 9 parts of Semen Arecae and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss;
(5) water quality management:Water was changed per 7 days once, until capture.
Heretofore described plant-derived feedstuff is prepared according to said ratio by following steps:
(1) by fresh phragmites communiss, Herba Cichorii, Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), Vicia dasycarpa, leaf beet, Herba penniseti, Pennisetum hydridum, Silphium perfoliatum Grass, rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae, mexican Semen Maydis grass, grain amaranth, sorghum hybrid sudangrass, paspalum notatum, Jujun grasses and prince's-feather remove impurity are cleaned, and are dried in the air After dry surface moisture content, count by weight, weigh each above raw material and rubbed and crushed, and be mixed into forage mixing Thing;
(2) Semen Maydiss are shone into dry doubling threshing, then is crushed, sieved, obtain Semen Maydis powder;
(3) by forage mixture, Semen Maydis powder, bean cake, Testa Tritici and microorganism mixing and stirring, mixture is made;
(4) ensiling process is carried out by the mixture barrelling or into fermentation vat, the plant-derived feedstuff, ensiling is obtained The temperature of process is 25-30 DEG C, and the time is 3-4 days, and water content control is in 60%-70%.
In order to verify the effect of the Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method of the present invention, following experiment has been carried out:
Experimental Base:The rich cultivation company limited's fish culture base of Liuzhou City's news.
Experimental subject:Selection scale identical fishpond, main foster Ctenopharyngodon idellus, density is the fishpond 1 of 800 tails/mu, fishpond 2, fishpond 3rd, fishpond 4, fishpond 5, fishpond 6, fishpond 7, fishpond on March 1st, 8,2016 start to throw in fry, each fishpond 30 crucian carps of equal labelling Fish (size is essentially identical), and weighed.
Experiment method:Fishpond 1 is the experimental group 1 of this experiment, raises according to the breeding way of the embodiment of the present invention 1;Fishpond 2 For the experimental group 2 that this is tested, raise according to the breeding way of the embodiment of the present invention 2;Fishpond 3 is the experimental group 3 of this experiment, according to The breeding way of the embodiment of the present invention 3 is raised;Fishpond 4 is comparative example 1, is only fed according to the feeding mode of the present invention animal derived Feedstuff, but Chinese herbal medicine additive is not added with, other are identical;Fishpond 5 is comparative example 2, and according to the feeding mode of the present invention plant is only fed Thing source feed, but Chinese herbal medicine additive is not added with, other are identical;Fishpond 6 is comparative example 3, is thrown according to the feeding mode of the present invention Plant-derived feedstuff and animalsderived feedstuffs are fed, but is not added with Chinese herbal medicine additive, other are identical;Fishpond 7 is comparative example 4, according to The feeding mode of the present invention feeds the animalsderived feedstuffs for being mixed with Chinese herbal medicine additive, and other are identical;Fishpond 8 is comparative example 5, is pressed The plant-derived feedstuff for being mixed with Chinese herbal medicine additive is fed according to feeding mode of the invention, other are identical;Feedstuff and Chinese herbal medicine add Plus agent quality, feed number of times and time etc..
The Ctenopharyngodon idellus The dead quantity in each fishpond is counted daily, draws the general mortality rate of Ctenopharyngodon idellus;In on June 1st, 2016 with Machine extracts 10 labeled Ctenopharyngodon idellus and weighs.Statistical result is as shown in table 1:
The average weight gain and general mortality rate of the Ctenopharyngodon idellus of table 1
As known from Table 1, experimental group 1,2,3 compares, and the forage volume thrown is more, and the Chinese herbal medicine additive amount added is got over Many, the average weight gain of Ctenopharyngodon idellus is bigger, and general mortality rate is lower, but is more or less the same;Comparative example 1 compared with comparative example 2, throw by Ctenopharyngodon idellus The average weight gain ratio for feeding animalsderived feedstuffs feeds plant-derived feedstuff greatly, but general mortality rate is high, illustrates to feed plant source Property feedstuff Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rates it is high;Comparative example 3 feeds the Ctenopharyngodon idellus average weight gain of two kinds of feedstuffs than list compared with comparative example 1,2 One feeds big, and general mortality rate also decreases, but is more or less the same with comparative example 2;Comparative example 4 adds compared with comparative example 1 After having added Chinese herbal medicine additive, the average weight gain and general mortality rate of Ctenopharyngodon idellus make moderate progress;Comparative example 5 compared with comparative example 2, After with the addition of Chinese herbal medicine additive, the average weight gain and general mortality rate of Ctenopharyngodon idellus make moderate progress;In sum, Ctenopharyngodon idellus of the invention Cultural method is the most scientific and reasonable, significantly facilitated the growth of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, strengthens Ctenopharyngodon idellus immunity, improves Ctenopharyngodon idellus survival rate, And then raising Ctenopharyngodon idellus culture benefit.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this Bright patent claim, the equal change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method, it is characterised in that specifically include following steps:
(1) pond treatment:Throw in and pond is carried out before fry desilting, shine the pool and disinfect;
(2) fry is thrown in:Select physique healthy and strong, it is disease-free without wound and the close fry of size started at the beginning of 3 months throw in, per mu input 600-800 tails;
(3) feedstuff feeding:Summer and autumn feed plant-derived feedstuff, and springtime and winter feeds animalsderived feedstuffs, daily to throw Material 2-3 time, plant-derived feedstuff injected volume is the 10-15% of fish body weight, and animalsderived feedstuffs injected volume is the 5- of fish body weight 10%;
(4) disease prevention:Chinese herbal medicine additive is mixed with feedstuff and is fed, wherein, Chinese herbal medicine additive quality is described Feedstuff 3-5%, a Chinese herbal medicine additive was fed every 15 days;
(5) water quality management:Per water is changed within 5-7 days once, until capture.
2. Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Chinese herbal medicine additive master described in step (4) To be decocted by following raw material Jing, concentration and drying are made:Fructus Quisqualis 12-15 parts, Nicotiana tabacum L. 13-15 parts, Melia azedarach L. 15-17 Part, Bulbus Allii 11-13 parts, Radix Pulsatillae 12-15 parts, Cortex Sapii Radiciss 13-15 parts, Herba Verbenae 12-14 parts, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae 10-12 parts, Herba Acalyphae 9- 11 parts, Herba Cayatiae Japonicae 10-12 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 10-12 parts, Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 10-12 parts, phragmites communiss 9-11 parts, Rhizoma Acori Calami 9-11 parts, Herba Violae 9- 11 parts, Semen Arecae 7-9 parts and Herba Polygoni hydropiperiss 5-6 parts.
3. Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that plant-derived feedstuff master described in step (3) To be made up of following raw material:Phragmites communiss 11-13 parts, Herba Cichorii 13-15 parts, Alfalfa 13-15 parts, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) 12-14 parts, sweet potato Sub- 13-15 parts, leaf beet 12-15 parts, Herba penniseti 11-13 parts, Pennisetum hydridum 9-11 parts, silphium perfoliatum L 4-6 parts, rye grass 7-9 Part, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae 8-10 parts, mexican Semen Maydis grass 9-11 parts, grain amaranth 9-11 part, sorghum hybrid sudangrass 9-11 parts, paspalum notatum 5-7 parts, huge bacterium Careless 9-11 parts, prince's-feather 9-11 parts, Semen Maydis powder 7-9 parts, bean cake 7-9 parts, Testa Tritici 7-9 parts, microorganism 2-3 parts.
4. Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The microorganism be by aspergillosiss, yeast, Lactic acid bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria are mixed, and the addition all same of each bacterium.
5. the Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the plant-derived feed link Cross following steps to prepare:
(1) by fresh phragmites communiss, Herba Cichorii, Alfalfa, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), Vicia dasycarpa, leaf beet, Herba penniseti, Pennisetum hydridum, silphium perfoliatum L, Rye grass, Herba Ixeritis Denticulatae, mexican Semen Maydis grass, grain amaranth, sorghum hybrid sudangrass, paspalum notatum, Jujun grasses and prince's-feather remove impurity are cleaned, and dry table After the moisture content of face, count by weight, weigh each above raw material and rubbed and crushed, and be mixed into forage mixture;
(2) Semen Maydiss are shone into dry doubling threshing, then is crushed, sieved, obtain Semen Maydis powder;
(3) by forage mixture, Semen Maydis powder, bean cake, Testa Tritici and microorganism mixing and stirring, mixture is made;
(4) ensiling process is carried out by the mixture barrelling or into fermentation vat, the plant-derived feedstuff is obtained.
6. Ctenopharyngodon idellus cultural method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In step (4), the temperature that the ensiling is processed For 25-30 DEG C, the time is 3-4 days, and water content control is in 60%-70%.
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CN108432669A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-08-24 宜州市横山泰顺种养专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich freshwater fish

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Application publication date: 20170426