CN106577383B - The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail - Google Patents

The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106577383B
CN106577383B CN201611077212.5A CN201611077212A CN106577383B CN 106577383 B CN106577383 B CN 106577383B CN 201611077212 A CN201611077212 A CN 201611077212A CN 106577383 B CN106577383 B CN 106577383B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cultivation
layer
bait
hairtail
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201611077212.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106577383A (en
Inventor
卢志旭
Original Assignee
卢志旭
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 卢志旭 filed Critical 卢志旭
Priority to CN201611077212.5A priority Critical patent/CN106577383B/en
Publication of CN106577383A publication Critical patent/CN106577383A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106577383B publication Critical patent/CN106577383B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of method of intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail, comprising: the foundation of farm: establishes three-dimensional farm;Circulating water culture system is established in bottom;Hairtail feeds: feeding ratio and is controlled according to the temperature on raising date and cultivation water source;Daily management: it reasonably selects and injects new water and oxygenation time;And disease control.The present invention is by establishing three-dimensional farm, by establishing multiple cultivation water environment detection systems, intelligence detects breeding environment, simulate Yangtze River Water breeding environment, comfortable breeding environment is provided for hairtail, improve the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail, the bait for feeding hairtail is cultivated simultaneously with hairtail, ecological, environmental protective, breeding efficiency is improved, cultivation water source is recycled by circulating water culture system, reduces aquaculture cost, by the setting of heat-insulation system, the accurate control of cultivation hairtail environment temperature ensure that.

Description

The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture.It is more particularly related to the growth ring with simulated seawater The method that the intelligent high-efficiency rate low cost in border propagates the Changjiang river hairtail of precious fish characteristic artificially.
Background technique
Flesh of hairtail fertilizer thorn is few, and it is one of the Changjiang river three delicacies that delicious flavour is full of nutrition, and every 100 grams of hairtails contain protein 18.4 Gram, 4.6 grams of fat also contains the multiple nutritional components such as phosphorus, iron, calcium, zinc, magnesium and vitamin A, B1, B2;Hairtail is containing unsaturation Fatty acid is more, and the carbochain of fatty acid is again longer, and having reduces cholesterol effect, is the ideal of old man, children, pregnant and lying-in women Nourishing food;Hairtail has certain medical value.Medicine and the medicinal books of aquatic products are recorded at all times in China, and hairtail has nourishing the liver, dispels The functions such as wind, hemostasis have good effect to diseases such as treatment bleeding, sore, carbuncle swells.Hairtail squama is to manufacture antipyretic breath pain piece and antitumor medicine Raw material.Contain in squama there are many unsaturated fatty acid, is significantly reduced cholesterol effect.It is suitable for weakness due to chronic disease, the deficiency of blood is dizzy, Shortness of breath and fatigue, deficiency of food win is thin, and the people of malnutrition is edible.Chinese medicine thinks that it can be with middle appetizing, warm stomach qi-restoratives, and there are also moist fleshes The effect of skin, beauty, but still food is advisable the people with sore, scabies less.Also contain in the squama and silvery white oil layer of hairtail whole body There is a kind of -6 thioguanine of anticancer component, it is beneficial to adjuvant treatment leukaemia, gastric cancer, lympha tumour etc..Often edible hairtail, Have effects that help the five internal organs.Hairtail magnesium elements rich in have good protective effect to cardiovascular system, are conducive to pre- The cardiovascular diseases such as anti-hypertension, myocardial infarction.
The Changjiang river hairtail is very high to growing environment requirement, in order to allow hairtail preferably to shake down.It needs using water Circulation, simulate the Changjiang river aquaculture model, daily constantly measure pond in pH value, water quality, dissolved oxygen, ammonia-nitrogen content, be exactly for Create good living environment.But artificial breeding hairtail is there is no the cultural method of complete mature at present, causes existing It is more and more expensive in the price of hairtail, it can not be enjoyed by masses;In addition, hairtail hairtail.Present many hairtail cultural methods The temperature that water body in aquaculture pond cannot all be controlled well, because temperature controls what hairtail caused by improper reason was annihilated Accident is commonplace, causes huge economic loss to culturist;In addition, being directly discharged to and cultivating there is also breeding wastewater The water system that field is adjoined generates pollution to environment;It is emitted into farm's internal trenches system, pollution, water quality are generated to breeding water Management condition is poor, so that there is a phenomenon where mortalities for hairtail.
Summary of the invention
As various extensive and careful research and experiment as a result, it has been found by the inventor that passing through foundation Three-dimensional farm, and the monitoring system of cultivation water environment is established in three-dimensional farm, so that the cultivation growth ring of hairtail Border improves the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail closer to the natural growing environment of the Changjiang river seawater;The bait of hairtail will be fed Insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps and hairtail cultivate simultaneously, and ecological, environmental protective improves breeding efficiency, reduce aquaculture cost. Based on this discovery, the present invention is completed.
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above problems or defect, and provide the advantages of at least will be described later.
A further object of the invention is natural by being laid in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer Fibrous material layer adsorbs aerobic microorganism on natural fiber material layer, by blasting air, so that aerobic microorganism point Hairtail excreta is solved, cultivation water source is recycled by circulating water culture system, and circulating water culture system is transported It carries out being decomposed into bait insects, Forage fishes to the hairtail metabolin in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer Or the growth of bait shrimps provides nutrition, greatly reduces aquaculture cost.
In order to realize these purposes and other advantages according to the present invention, a kind of intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river knife is provided The method of fish, the method specifically include:
1) foundation of farm: establishing three-dimensional farm, and the three-dimensional farm includes top layer and bottom, the top The water-tight structure that can be shunk to three-dimensional farm two sides is provided between layer and the bottom, the bottom includes first feeding Layer side and the first cultivation layer bottom surface are grown, the first cultivation layer side and first cultivation layer bottom surface constitute the first cultivation layer Boundary, first cultivation layer boundary are provided with the monitoring system of multiple cultivation water environments, the detection system of the cultivation water environment System includes: pH value monitoring device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device, the pH value prison The length direction that device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device are surveyed along the bottom is connected Setting is provided with elastic nylon net close to the side of cultivation water in first cultivation layer boundary, first cultivation layer side Layer, the elastic nylon stratum reticulare with a thickness of 2~8m, first cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with S-shaped or dolioform argillo arenaceous layer, The argillo arenaceous layer with a thickness of 1~2m, the depth of water of the bottom is 3~6m, and area is 8000~10000m2, the top layer For bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer;
2) it establishes the circulating water culture system: first cultivation layer bottom surface being provided with circulating water culture system, institute Stating circulating water culture system includes: cultivation wastewater purification ecological canal, effluent settling chamber and clarifier-tank, the cultivation wastewater purification Ecological canal conveying cultivation the bottom hairtail waste water to the effluent settling chamber, the effluent settling chamber carries out waste water It precipitates, the supernatant after precipitating enters the clarifier-tank and purified, the water source of lower layer's excreta containing hairtail of the sedimentation basin It is transported to cultivation of the top layer as fertilizer for bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps by water pump extraction, it is described The purified water quality transparency of clarifier-tank is 30~35cm, and 6~8mg/mL of dissolved oxygen amount, pH value is 6.0~7.6, the clarifier-tank The water filling port that purified water source cycles through the bottom is injected for the cultivation water source to hairtail;
3) hairtail feeds: bait insects, Forage fishes or the bait shrimps of the top layer cultivation are fed in Xiang Suoshu bottom, It feeds ratio to remember with the percentage of hairtail weight, feeds ratio and controlled according to the temperature on raising date and cultivation water source, had Body are as follows: March~May, the ratio that feeds are 3%~8%, and feeding number is 1 time, and June~September, the ratio that feeds is 16%~25%, Feeding number is 2 times, and October~December, the ratio that feeds is 2%~6%, and feeding number is 1 time;The temperature for cultivating water source is 20 DEG C when, feed ratio be 0.2%~0.4%, cultivate water source temperature be 21~22 DEG C when, feed ratio be 0.5%~ 1.8%, when the temperature for cultivating water source is 23~28 DEG C, the ratio that feeds is 2.2%~2.8%;
4) daily management: the water filling port of the bottom injects the selection of time of new water: March~May, water injection time 14: 00~15:00, water injection time 20min, June~September, water injection time are 15:00~16:00, water injection time 30min, 10 The moon~December, water injection time are 13:00~14:00, water injection time 20min;The bottom oxygenation selection of time: fine day is opened Machine oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 11:00~12:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;Cloudy day: booting the oxygenation time and Oxygenation number: 2:00~4:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;Rainy day:, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation on rainy day in the morning Number: 18:00~19:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;On rainy day at noon, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 20: 00~22:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number on rainy day the dusk: 2:00~4:00, Oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;Unbroken rainy days: booting oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 2:00~3:00,11:00~12: 00,18:00~19:00 oxygenation three times, each oxygenation one hour;
5) disease control: before bottom described in fingerling tripping in, with 0.1~0.2kg/m2Quick lime the bottom is carried out it is complete Face is splashed, during entirely cultivation hairtail, using the monitoring system of the cultivation water environment to the cultivation water of the bottom The water quality in source carries out detecting infection of the pre- disease prevention to hairtail.
Preferably, wherein further comprise the steps of: before culture bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, Xiang Suoshu Splash 30kg/hm daily in top layer2Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait, to breed in the top layer Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, the bait insects bred, Forage fishes or bait shrimps are pumped into After the bottom feeds hairtail, splash 22.5kg/hm again daily2Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait, make Water quality is in light green or filbert, is with the bait insects, Forage fishes or the bait shrimps bait that guarantee that the top layer has abundance Required for the growth of hairtail, bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps quantity is kept to be greater than 500/L, the top layer it is molten Oxygen amount is 6~10mg/L.
Preferably, wherein the top layer includes the second cultivation layer side and the second cultivation layer bottom surface, second cultivation Layer side and second cultivation layer bottom surface constitute the second cultivation layer boundary, the second cultivation layer side and the wastewater sedimentation Pond communicates, and second cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with base and natural fiber material layer, and the natural fiber material layer setting exists The top of the base, the base can shrink to three-dimensional farm two sides, be provided on the natural fiber material layer more Pore structure enters the bottom, the natural fiber material layer so that the bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps pass through On be adsorbed with aerobic microorganism.
Preferably, wherein first cultivation layer boundary is provided with heat-insulation system, includes along institute in the heat-insulation system State multiple temperature sensors of the length direction setting of bottom, the heat-insulation system further include: multiple heating elements and multiple cold But element, multiple heating elements and the cooling element are corresponding with multiple temperature sensors, work as temperature sensor The cultivation water source temperature of the different parts of the bottom is detected lower than 20 DEG C, starts the heating element control of corresponding position Cultivation water source temperature be 20~28 DEG C, when the bottom cultivation water source temperature be higher than 28 DEG C, start the described cold of corresponding position But element control cultivation water source temperature is 20~28 DEG C.
Preferably, wherein the bait insects, the bait insects of Forage fishes or the cultivation of bait shrimp culture layer, bait Expect fish or bait shrimps are Brachionus calyciflorus, fairy shrimp, fresh water red worm, small dace or millet shrimp.
Preferably, wherein the aerobic microorganism includes: Cytophage, pseudomonas, cellulomonas cartae The wooden enzyme of category, streptomycete, green, Aspergillus terreus or Basidiomycetes mould, lactobacillus acidophilus, lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus saki In three kinds or multiple combinations.
Preferably, wherein the natural fiber material layer is made up of one of sawdust and raw bamboo fiber.
The present invention is include at least the following beneficial effects:
1, by the way that the detection system of multiple cultivation water environments is arranged in three-dimensional farm, to hairtail cultivation water environment PH, water quality, dissolved oxygen and ammonia-nitrogen content carry out intelligent monitoring, so that cultivation water environment is closer to the Changjiang river of wild hairtail Water environment improves the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail;
2, by establishing three-dimensional farm, bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps and the hairtail of hairtail will be fed It cultivates simultaneously, saves cultivation soil, ecological, environmental protective improves breeding efficiency;
3, by the way that natural fiber material layer is arranged in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer, pass through circulation Water cultivating system to cultivation water source recycle, and by circulating water culture system transport bait insects, Forage fishes or The growth that hairtail metabolin in bait shrimp culture layer be decomposed into bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps provides battalion It supports, reduces aquaculture cost;
4, heat-insulation system is set by cultivating in layer in hairtail, it is different that cultivation layer is accurately detected by multiple temperature sensors The temperature of position is simultaneously regulated and controled, so that the cultivation water source temperature of the different location of the cultivation layer of cultivation hairtail is accurately controlled in knife The phenomenon that fish grows and optimum temperature of ovulating, and reduces mortality rate caused by hairtail controls inaccurately because of temperature, Reduce the economic loss of culturist;
5, the growing environment in different cultivation months and cultivation water source temperature is adapted to, and selects different to feed ratio Example, is accurately controlled the ratio of feeding, so that the death rate of hairtail reduces, growing environment is comfortable, is conducive to Fast Growth;
6, the time for selecting different injection new water sources month according to different cultivation, the adaptation environment energy of hairtail is improved Power improves feeding efficiency;Occurred according to the difference and anomalous weather of different weather and identical weather duration length Time, reasonably select the oxygenation into hairtail cultivation layer, control oxygenation time and oxygenation number, the hairtail for avoiding cultivation occurs Floating head phenomenon greatly reduces hairtail because of the death rate for raising the nose above water to breathe to occur, improves the breeding efficiency of hairtail.
7, layer periodically is cultivated for hairtail to carry out disinfection, reduce disease incidence, improve the survival rate and nutriture value of hairtail Value.
Further advantage, target and feature of the invention will be partially reflected by the following instructions, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below, to enable those skilled in the art's refer to the instruction text being capable of evidence To implement.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of a other elements or combinations thereof.
A kind of method of intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail, the method specifically include:
1) foundation of farm: establishing three-dimensional farm, and the three-dimensional farm includes top layer and bottom, the top The water-tight structure that can be shunk to three-dimensional farm two sides is provided between layer and the bottom, the bottom includes first feeding Layer side and the first cultivation layer bottom surface are grown, the first cultivation layer side and first cultivation layer bottom surface constitute the first cultivation layer Boundary, first cultivation layer boundary are provided with the monitoring system of multiple cultivation water environments, the detection system of the cultivation water environment System includes: pH value monitoring device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device, the pH value prison The length direction that device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device are surveyed along the bottom is connected Setting is provided with elastic nylon net close to the side of cultivation water in first cultivation layer boundary, first cultivation layer side Layer, the elastic nylon stratum reticulare with a thickness of 2~8m, first cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with S-shaped or dolioform argillo arenaceous layer, The argillo arenaceous layer with a thickness of 1~2m, the depth of water of the bottom is 3~6m, and area is 8000~10000m2, the top layer For bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer;
Wherein, by the way that the detection system of multiple cultivation water environments is arranged in three-dimensional farm, water ring is cultivated to hairtail The pH in border, water quality, dissolved oxygen and ammonia-nitrogen content carry out intelligent monitoring, so that cultivation water environment is closer to wild hairtail The Changjiang river water environment improves the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail;Farm is arranged to three-dimensional farm, passes through the generation of hairtail It thanks to product to cultivate the feed of hairtail, improves breeding efficiency.By the way that heat-insulation system is arranged in first cultivation layer boundary, The temperature of cultivation layer different location is accurately detected by multiple temperature sensors and is regulated and controled, so that the cultivation layer of cultivation hairtail Different location cultivation water source temperature be accurately controlled in hairtail growth and optimum temperature of ovulating, reduce hairtail because of temperature The phenomenon that mortality rate caused by degree control is inaccurate, reduce the economic loss of culturist;In first cultivation layer side Face is provided with elastic nylon stratum reticulare close to the side of cultivation water, control elastic nylon stratum reticulare with a thickness of 2~8m, avoid hairtail from swimming It is dynamic to touch cultivation layer made of hard material and destroy the delicate flap of hairtail, cause the death of hairtail, is created for hairtail Suitable growth breeding environment;
2) it establishes the circulating water culture system: first cultivation layer bottom surface being provided with circulating water culture system, institute Stating circulating water culture system includes: cultivation wastewater purification ecological canal, effluent settling chamber and clarifier-tank, the cultivation wastewater purification Ecological canal conveying cultivation the bottom hairtail waste water to the effluent settling chamber, the effluent settling chamber carries out waste water It precipitates, the supernatant after precipitating enters the clarifier-tank and purified, the water source of lower layer's excreta containing hairtail of the sedimentation basin It is transported to cultivation of the top layer as fertilizer for bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps by water pump extraction, it is described The purified water quality transparency of clarifier-tank is 30~35cm, and 6~8mg/mL of dissolved oxygen amount, pH value is 6.0~7.6, the clarifier-tank The water filling port that purified water source cycles through the bottom is injected for the cultivation water source to hairtail;
3) hairtail feeds: bait insects, Forage fishes or the bait shrimps of the top layer cultivation are fed in Xiang Suoshu bottom, It feeds ratio to remember with the percentage of hairtail weight, feeds ratio and controlled according to the temperature on raising date and cultivation water source, had Body are as follows: March~May, the ratio that feeds are 3%~8%, and feeding number is 1 time, and June~September, the ratio that feeds is 16%~25%, Feeding number is 2 times, and October~December, the ratio that feeds is 2%~6%, and feeding number is 1 time;The temperature for cultivating water source is 20 DEG C when, feed ratio be 0.2%~0.4%, cultivate water source temperature be 21~22 DEG C when, feed ratio be 0.5%~ 1.8%, when the temperature for cultivating water source is 23~28 DEG C, the ratio that feeds is 2.2%~2.8%;
By the way that during different breeding, according to the habit of hairtail, egg-laying time carries out feeding for different proportion, according to water Mild weather condition, the accurate feeding volume for controlling hairtail feed prevent from excessively feeding or feed deficiency, influence fish and normally give birth to It is long;For example, the egg-laying season of hairtail is or so June, while controlling water temperature and reaching 28 DEG C or so, provides suitable breeding for hairtail and support Water temperature is grown, therefore increases in or so June and feeds ratio, is conducive to hairtail oviposition, increases the fingerling rate in cultivation layer, improves hairtail Yield, improve breeding efficiency, only 2 millimeters of the hairtail seedling length initially hatched, and " open-mouthed bait " of fry is equivalent to baby First milk, be the key that fry survival, the open-mouthed bait by " Brachionus calyciflorus " as hairtail seedling substantially increases The survival rate of hairtail nursery improves the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail, is changed to feed " fairy shrimp ", two weeks after feeding 5 days Feed " fresh water red worm " again afterwards, arrive August part, at that time the knife fish at 3 monthly ages grow to 10 centimetres, weight reach 5-7 grams, so that it may throw Feed small dace and millet shrimp etc.;
4) daily management: the water filling port of the bottom injects the selection of time of new water: March~May, water injection time 14: 00~15:00, water injection time 20min, June~September, water injection time are 15:00~16:00, water injection time 30min, 10 The moon~December, water injection time are 13:00~14:00, water injection time 20min;The bottom oxygenation selection of time: fine day is opened Machine oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 11:00~12:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;Cloudy day: booting the oxygenation time and Oxygenation number: 2:00~4:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;Rainy day:, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation on rainy day in the morning Number: 18:00~19:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;On rainy day at noon, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 20: 00~22:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number on rainy day the dusk: 2:00~4:00, Oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;Unbroken rainy days: booting oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 2:00~3:00,11:00~12: 00,18:00~19:00 oxygenation three times, each oxygenation one hour;
Wherein, cultivation hairtail needs to pay attention to regulating water quality, selects different water injection times, 6-9 according to the different cultivation phases Month, with gradually increasing for the age of a fish, the egg-laying season is entered, a large amount of hairtails are bred, the flowing water that the egg-laying season needs to have certain, Therefore selection increases water injection time, increases the mobility for injecting new water, improves the spawning efficiency of hairtail.
Farm fish are easy to appear floating head phenomenon, especially fish and gradually grow up and rainy days, it is therefore desirable to supporting It grows field and carries out oxygenation, different oxygenation time and oxygenation number are selected according to weather condition, significantly reduces the floating head of hairtail Phenomenon, the problem of death of hairtail caused by greatly reducing because of floating head phenomenon, e.g., exist oxygenation selection of time on rainy day the dusk Morning next day 2:00~4:00, the dissolved oxygen for reducing water layer up and down in time are poor;And unbroken rainy days, oxygenation are insufficient, are easy to appear tight The floating head phenomenon of weight, it is therefore desirable to increase oxygenation number, but also needs to avoid noon to be switched on oxygenation, hypobaric weather, in Noon oxygenation easily causes water quality and sharply deteriorates, and influences the growth of hairtail, therefore selects carry out oxygenation to cultivation layer in the afternoon to the dusk, Floating head phenomenon is substantially reduced, the survival rate and breeding efficiency of hairtail are improved.
5) disease control: before bottom described in fingerling tripping in, with 0.1~0.2kg/m2Quick lime the bottom is carried out it is complete Face is splashed, during entirely cultivation hairtail, using the monitoring system of the cultivation water environment to the cultivation water of the bottom The water quality in source carries out detecting infection of the pre- disease prevention to hairtail.
The principle for adhering to " relying mainly on prevention, anti-overweight is controlled ", carries out disinfection and splashes to cultivation layer before disease does not occur Antimicrobial DP finish protects cultivation layer comprehensively, provides the guarantee of health for the growing environment of hairtail, is supported by different It grows the phase and different antimicrobial DP finish is selected to splash, for the bacterium of different times, pathogen is targetedly prevented And killing, it is with strong points, improve the efficiency of disease control.
In another embodiment, it further comprises the steps of: before culture bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, to Splash 30kg/hm daily in the top layer2Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait, to breed the top Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps in layer take out the bait insects bred, Forage fishes or bait shrimps Enter after feeding hairtail to the bottom, splash 22.5kg/hm again daily2Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait Material makes water quality in light green or filbert, to guarantee that the top layer has sufficient bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait Material is to keep bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps quantity to be greater than 500/L, the top layer required for the growth of hairtail Dissolved oxygen amount be 6~10mg/L.By guaranteeing the top layer breeding bait insects, Forage fishes or the confession of bait shrimps nutrition Answer and the control of bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps growing environment condition so that bait insects, Forage fishes or Bait shrimps have the sufficient material that feeds, and growing environment is suitable for raised growth, provide sufficient bait insects, bait for hairtail Fish or bait shrimps bait ensure that the source of nutrition of hairtail growth is sufficient.
In another embodiment, the top layer include second cultivation layer side and second cultivation layer bottom surface, described second It cultivates layer side and second cultivation layer bottom surface and constitutes the second cultivation layer boundary, the second cultivation layer side and the waste water Sedimentation basin communicates, and second cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with base and natural fiber material layer, and the natural fiber material layer is set It sets in the top of the base, the base can shrink to three-dimensional farm two sides, be arranged on the natural fiber material layer There is porous structure to enter the bottom, the natural fiber material so that the bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps pass through Aerobic microorganism is adsorbed on the bed of material.The second cultivation layer bottom in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer Natural fiber material layer is arranged in face, is recycled by circulating water culture system to cultivation water source, and by circulating water cultivation System transfer to the hairtail metabolin in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer be decomposed into bait insects, The growth of Forage fishes or bait shrimps provides nutrition, reduces aquaculture cost, the aerobic microorganism includes: Cytophaga The wooden enzyme of category, pseudomonas, Cellulomonas, streptomycete, green, Aspergillus terreus or Basidiomycetes mould, lactobacillus acidophilus, guarantor Add three kinds in Leah lactobacillus and Lactobacillus saki or multiple combinations.It is rich by the absorption of multiple types aerobic microorganism The rich microbe species for decomposing hairtail metabolin, so that hairtail metabolin is fully utilized, it is bait insects, bait fish Class or bait shrimps provide nutriment abundant, by the setting of base and the natural fiber material layer of porous structure, when right When hairtail is without feeding, retractable base is in and sprawls state, blocks bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps and enters The bottom, when feeding to hairtail, retractable base is in retracted mode, bait insects, Forage fishes or bait Shrimps enter the bottom by the natural fiber material layer of porous structure, feed to hairtail, feed progress to hairtail Automation control improves the efficiency of cultivation, reduces breeding spaces, has saved the cost of cultivation.
In another embodiment, first cultivation layer boundary is provided with heat-insulation system, includes in the heat-insulation system The multiple temperature sensors being arranged along the length direction of the bottom, the heat-insulation system further include: multiple heating elements and more A cooling element, multiple heating elements and the cooling element are corresponding with multiple temperature sensors, when temperature passes Sensor detects that the cultivation water source temperature of the different parts of the bottom lower than 20 DEG C, starts the heating element of corresponding position Control cultivation water source temperature be 20~28 DEG C, when the bottom cultivation water source temperature be higher than 28 DEG C, start the institute of corresponding position Stating cooling element control cultivation water source temperature is 20~28 DEG C, and lower than 20 DEG C or higher than 28 DEG C, hairtail does not just ingest and occurs Death does not always stop to move about in water, so that the speed of growth of hairtail declines, serious conditions may cause the death of hairtail, leads to It crosses multiple temperature sensors accurately to detect the temperature of cultivation layer different location and regulated and controled, by corresponding to multiple temperature sensing The multiple heating elements and multiple cooling elements of device carry out accurate detection and regulation to the cultivation water of affiliated bottom different location, are The growth of hairtail provides comfortable environment, improve the breeding potential of hairtail, and then improves breeding efficiency and the hairtail of hairtail Cultured output.
In another embodiment, the bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer cultivation bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps are Brachionus calyciflorus, fairy shrimp, fresh water red worm, small dace or millet shrimp.Not by hairtail With growth period, feed different bait, the breeding survival rate and cultivation success rate of hairtail improved, using natural more Hairtail is fed in the cultivation of kind flower bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, improves the nutritive value of hairtail, enriches Hairtail feeds bait, and then improves the growth rate and proliferative speed of hairtail.
In another embodiment, natural fiber material layer is made up of one of sawdust and raw bamboo fiber.Selection has Conducive to material of the material of microorganism as natural fiber material layer is adsorbed, the growing environment of aerobic microorganism is improved, is The metabolite for preferably decomposing hairtail provides advantageous guarantee.
As it can be seen that the present invention by the way that the detection systems of multiple cultivation water environments is arranged in three-dimensional farm, supports hairtail It grows the pH of water environment, water quality, dissolved oxygen and ammonia-nitrogen content and carries out intelligent monitoring, so that cultivation water environment is closer to wild The Changjiang river water environment of hairtail improves the success rate of artificial breeding hairtail;By establishing three-dimensional farm, hairtail will be fed Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps and hairtail cultivate simultaneously, save cultivation soil, and ecological, environmental protective improves cultivation effect Rate;By the way that natural fiber material layer is arranged in bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer, pass through circulating water cultivation system System recycles cultivation water source, and circulating water culture system is transported bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps The growth that hairtail metabolin in cultivation layer be decomposed into bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps provides nutrition, reduces Aquaculture cost;Heat-insulation system is set by cultivating in layer in hairtail, cultivation layer is accurately detected by multiple temperature sensors not With position temperature and regulated and controled so that the cultivation water source temperature of different location of the cultivation layer of cultivation hairtail is accurately controlled in Hairtail growth and optimum temperature of ovulating, reduce hairtail because caused by temperature control is inaccurate mortality rate show As reducing the economic loss of culturist;Circulating water culture system is set by cultivating in layer in hairtail, supporting for hairtail will be cultivated It grows water source and carries out decontamination cycle, do not discharge breeding wastewater outwardly, reach breeding wastewater and recycle;To different cultivation months And the growing environment of cultivation water source temperature adapts to, and the different ratios that feeds is selected, the ratio of feeding is accurately controlled, So that the death rate of hairtail reduces, growing environment is comfortable, is conducive to Fast Growth;Different notes is selected month according to different cultivation The time for entering new water source improves the accommodative ability of environment of hairtail, improves feeding efficiency;According to different weather, and mutually on the same day The time that the difference and anomalous weather of gas duration length occur, the oxygenation into hairtail cultivation layer is reasonably selected, control increases There is floating head phenomenon in oxygen time and oxygenation number, the hairtail for avoiding cultivation, greatly reduce hairtail because of the death for generation of raising the nose above water to breathe Rate improves the breeding efficiency of hairtail.Layer periodically is cultivated for hairtail to carry out disinfection, and is reduced disease incidence, is improved depositing for hairtail Motility rate and nutritive value.
Although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above, but its is not only in the description and the implementation listed With.It can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely.It for those skilled in the art, can be easily Realize other modification.Therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, the present invention is simultaneously unlimited In specific details and shown and described herein.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method of intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail, the method specifically include:
1) foundation of farm: establishing three-dimensional farm, and the three-dimensional farm includes top layer and bottom, the top layer with The water-tight structure that can be shunk to three-dimensional farm two sides is provided between the bottom, the bottom includes the first cultivation layer Side and the first cultivation layer bottom surface, the first cultivation layer side and first cultivation layer bottom surface constitute the first cultivation layer side Boundary, first cultivation layer boundary are provided with the monitoring system of multiple cultivation water environments, the detection system of the cultivation water environment It include: pH value monitoring device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device, the pH value monitoring Device, water monitoring device, dissolved oxygen monitor and ammonia-nitrogen content monitoring device are set along the length direction series connection of the bottom It sets on first cultivation layer boundary, first cultivation layer side is provided with elastic nylon stratum reticulare close to the side of cultivation water, The elastic nylon stratum reticulare with a thickness of 2~8m, first cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with S-shaped or dolioform argillo arenaceous layer, institute State argillo arenaceous layer with a thickness of 1~2m, the depth of water of the bottom is 3~6m, and area is 8000~10000m2, the top layer is Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp culture layer;
2) it establishes circulating water culture system: first cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with circulating water culture system, the recirculated water Cultivating system includes: cultivation wastewater purification ecological canal, effluent settling chamber and clarifier-tank, the cultivation wastewater purification ecological canal Conveying cultivates the waste water in the bottom hairtail to the effluent settling chamber, and the effluent settling chamber precipitates waste water, heavy Supernatant behind shallow lake enters the clarifier-tank and is purified, and the water source of lower layer's excreta containing hairtail of the sedimentation basin passes through water pump Extraction is transported to the cultivation that the top layer is used for bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps as fertilizer, and the clarifier-tank is net Water quality transparency after change is 30~35cm, and 6~8mg/mL of dissolved oxygen amount, pH value is 6.0~7.6, and the clarifier-tank is purified The water filling port that water source cycles through the bottom is injected for the cultivation water source to hairtail;
3) hairtail feeds: feeding bait insects, Forage fishes or the bait shrimps of the top layer cultivation in Xiang Suoshu bottom, feeds Ratio is remembered with the percentage of hairtail weight, feeds ratio and is controlled according to the temperature on raising date and cultivation water source, specifically: March~May, the ratio that feeds are 3%~8%, and feeding number is 1 time, and June~September, the ratio that feeds is 16%~25%, are fed Number is 2 times, and October~December, the ratio that feeds is 2%~6%, and feeding number is 1 time;When the temperature for cultivating water source is 20 DEG C, Feeding ratio is 0.2%~0.4%, and when the temperature for cultivating water source is 21~22 DEG C, the ratio that feeds is 0.5%~1.8%, cultivation When the temperature at water source is 23~28 DEG C, the ratio that feeds is 2.2%~2.8%;
4) daily management: the water filling port of the bottom injects the selection of time of new water: March~May, water injection time be 14:00~ 15:00, water injection time 20min, June~September, water injection time be 15:00~16:00, water injection time 30min, October~ December, water injection time are 13:00~14:00, water injection time 20min;The bottom oxygenation selection of time: fine day, booting increase Oxygen time and oxygenation number: 11:00~12:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;Cloudy day: booting oxygenation time and oxygenation Number: 2:00~4:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;Rainy day:, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number on rainy day in the morning: 18:00~19:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation one hour;On rainy day at noon, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 20:00~ 22:00, oxygenation is primary, and oxygenation two hours;, be switched on oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 2:00~4:00, oxygenation on rainy day the dusk Once, oxygenation two hours;Unbroken rainy days: booting oxygenation time and oxygenation number: 2:00~3:00,11:00~12:00, 18:00~19:00 oxygenation three times, each oxygenation one hour;
5) disease control: before bottom described in fingerling tripping in, with 0.1~0.2kg/m2Quick lime the bottom is sprinkled comprehensively It spills, during entirely cultivation hairtail, water source is cultivated to the bottom using the monitoring system of the cultivation water environment Water quality carries out detecting infection of the pre- disease prevention to hairtail.
2. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as described in claim 1, further comprises the steps of: in culture bait worm Before class, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, splash 30kg/hm daily in Xiang Suoshu top layer2Bait insects, Forage fishes or bait The bait for expecting shrimps, to breed the bait insects in the top layer, Forage fishes or bait shrimps, the bait that will have been bred Material insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps are pumped into after the bottom feeds hairtail, and splash 22.5kg/hm again daily2Bait The bait of insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps makes water quality in light green or filbert, to guarantee that the top layer has sufficient bait Required for expecting the growth that insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps bait are hairtail, bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimp are kept Class quantity is greater than 500/L, and the dissolved oxygen amount of the top layer is 6~10mg/L.
3. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as described in claim 1, the top layer includes the second cultivation layer side Face and the second cultivation layer bottom surface, the second cultivation layer side and second cultivation layer bottom surface constitute the second cultivation layer boundary, Second cultivation layer side is communicated with the effluent settling chamber, and second cultivation layer bottom surface is provided with base and natural fiber The top of the base is arranged in material layer, the natural fiber material layer, and the base can receive to three-dimensional farm two sides It contracts, is provided with porous structure so that the bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps pass through on the natural fiber material layer Into the bottom, aerobic microorganism is adsorbed on the natural fiber material layer.
4. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as described in claim 1, first cultivation layer boundary are provided with Heat-insulation system includes the multiple temperature sensors being arranged along the length direction of the bottom, the heat preservation in the heat-insulation system System further include: multiple heating elements and multiple cooling elements, multiple heating elements and the cooling element and multiple institutes State that temperature sensor is corresponding, when temperature sensor detects the cultivation water source temperature of the different parts of the bottom lower than 20 DEG C, the heating element control cultivation water source temperature for starting corresponding position is 20~28 DEG C, when the cultivation water source of the bottom Temperature is higher than 28 DEG C, and the cooling element control cultivation water source temperature for starting corresponding position is 20~28 DEG C.
5. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as described in claim 1, the bait insects, Forage fishes or bait Expect shrimp culture layer cultivation bait insects, Forage fishes or bait shrimps be Brachionus calyciflorus, fairy shrimp, fresh water red worm, Small dace or millet shrimp.
6. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as claimed in claim 3, the aerobic microorganism includes: to bite fibre Tie up the wooden enzyme of Pseudomonas, pseudomonas, Cellulomonas, streptomycete, green, Aspergillus terreus or Basidiomycetes mould, acidophilus cream bar Multiple combinations in bacterium, lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus saki.
7. the method for intelligent artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail as claimed in claim 3, the natural fiber material layer pass through wood One of bits and raw bamboo fiber are made.
CN201611077212.5A 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail Active CN106577383B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611077212.5A CN106577383B (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611077212.5A CN106577383B (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106577383A CN106577383A (en) 2017-04-26
CN106577383B true CN106577383B (en) 2019-06-07

Family

ID=58593944

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611077212.5A Active CN106577383B (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106577383B (en)

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101715747B (en) * 2009-11-27 2012-07-25 刘青华 Method for promoting Yangtze River saury to naturally spawn
CN103404466B (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-01-28 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation mode capable of simulating river-sea migration of Yangtze coilianasus
CN103404472B (en) * 2013-08-29 2015-04-15 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Industrialized ecological cultivation method of ribbonfish
CN105981657A (en) * 2015-02-02 2016-10-05 江苏省农业科学院泰州农科所 Method for large-scale ecological aquaculture of coilia ectenes in greenhouse
CN106036230A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-10-26 宁波高新区宁源科技服务有限公司 Feed for aquaculture of ribbonfish in Yangtze River

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106577383A (en) 2017-04-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103875571B (en) The method of cultivation of a kind of mandarin fish fingerling mass-producing
CN100409742C (en) Non-pollution and ecological large-scale soft-shelled turtle culturing method
CN103891653B (en) Pond ecological aquaculture technology of new species of Murray cods
CN104982358A (en) Salamander ecological cultivation method
CN104126533B (en) A kind of high-survival rate loach breeding method
CN105284675B (en) A kind of biological feed preparation method for breeding loach
CN103548731A (en) Loach fry breeding method
CN103621464A (en) Method for breeding soft-shelled turtles
CN105210938B (en) A kind of loach microorganism cultivation method
CN104488766A (en) Culturing technology for middle-aged macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN104542456A (en) Imitative ecological breeding method of giant salamanders
CN104396811A (en) Snakehead culturing technology
CN105830972A (en) Weever fry high survival rate seedling method
CN102283154A (en) Method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in hilly pond
CN101095405A (en) Method of cultivating red tilapia
CN103392641A (en) Precision pond culture method for sepiella maindroni de Rochebrune
CN103798189B (en) The feeding method of a kind of Ranaspinosa David froglet
AU2021101216A4 (en) A turtle and lotus root ecological Symbiosis system and green planting-feeding method
CN105230546A (en) High-yield culture method for river crabs
CN105052787A (en) Coregonus peled fry breeding method
CN104585102A (en) High-yield culture method of whitebait
CN106577383B (en) The method of intelligence artificial breeding the Changjiang river hairtail
CN106665422A (en) Pollution-free sterilization type Leiocassis longirostris culture method
CN106665425A (en) Method for breeding Wuchang breams in ecological environmental protection mode
CN102144585B (en) Mixed culture method of hyriopsis schlegeli and bulk freshwater fishes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant