CN106576838A - Panax notoginseng planting method - Google Patents

Panax notoginseng planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106576838A
CN106576838A CN201611173781.XA CN201611173781A CN106576838A CN 106576838 A CN106576838 A CN 106576838A CN 201611173781 A CN201611173781 A CN 201611173781A CN 106576838 A CN106576838 A CN 106576838A
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soil
parts
fertilizer
days
radix notoginseng
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Inventor
余加树
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Lijiang West Yunnan Materia Medica Pharmaceutical Co Ltd
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Lijiang West Yunnan Materia Medica Pharmaceutical Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611173781.XA priority Critical patent/CN106576838A/en
Publication of CN106576838A publication Critical patent/CN106576838A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/04Double-superphosphate; Triple-superphosphate; Other fertilisers based essentially on monocalcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses a panax notoginseng planting method. The method comprises the following steps: (1) selection of a planting land; (2) seed treatment and seedling raising; (3) soil preparation; (4) making of a ridged field and base fertilizer application; (5) transplanting management; and (6) field and water and fertilizer management. Using the panax notoginseng planting method has the advantages of improving the germination rate of the panax notoginseng seed and the transplanting survival rate, reducing the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, optimizing the soil, and also improving the disease resistance, increasing the yield and improving the quality of the panax notoginseng.

Description

The implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese crude drug planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng.
Background technology
Radix Notoginseng Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen is araliaceae ginseng plant, is that China's tradition is famous and precious Chinese crude drug.Radix Notoginseng belongs to the narrow subtropical zones high mountain heliophobous plant of ecological amplitude, is suitable for weather cool in summer and warm in winter, it is not cold-resistant with it is cruel Heat, half cloudy and moist ecological environment of happiness.The existing centuries of the history of Radix Notoginseng artificial growth, cool canopy mode is built in employing is carried out Intensive cropping.
Chinese patent, Publication No. CN103348857A, entitled " a kind of notoginseng planting method in High aititude region " should It is that the Radix Notoginseng that 1500~1900m kinds are planted introduces a fine variety height above sea level in the range of 2000-2600m by traditional height above sea level that patent is Cultural method.Including the selection of growing environment, such as ecological environment selection, physical features is selected, the soil texture is selected, cold-resistant population should With, the germinating method, field production and the management that improve seed growth power, bed is made, to build canopy light modulation, seeding and seedling raising, covering with ground sheeting anti- Cold, the method such as reasonable prevention and control of pest and disease damage is that High aititude Radix Notoginseng is introduced a fine variety and instructs.Planting environment is selected according to the ecosystem characterization of Radix Notoginseng And area, planning of science activities preferential species growing area, be conducive to the benign development of notoginseng planting industry.Ensure that the Radix Notoginseng planted by new producing region Original genuineness.
At present, subject matter present in notoginseng planting has two, and one is to be excessively used chemical fertilizer, and a large amount of use of chemical fertilizer is held Soil compaction is easily caused, absorption of the crop to nutrient is hindered, the yield of Radix Notoginseng is reduced, quality is reduced, soil environment is destroyed, is caused Radix Notoginseng interior quality declines, and introduces the problem of heavy metals exceeding standard.Two is to use pesticide in a large number, causes pseudo-ginseng pesticide residues It is exceeded.The life-time service of pesticide, easily makes pathogenic bacteria or parasite produce resistance, does not reach the effect of insect-pest, and seedling does not have Jing Cross special domestication, cause transplant survival rate it is relatively low, disease resistance is not high, affect Radix Notoginseng yield and quality.
The content of the invention
For above the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of to reduce chemical fertilizer and Pesticide use, optimize soil and improve Radix Notoginseng The implantation methods of the Radix Notoginseng of yield and quality.
Realization the technical scheme is that:A kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng, the method comprise the steps:
(1) planting site is selected:Height above sea level is 1000~2500m;The gradient is 10~50 degree;The rainfall is plentiful and each layer height of earth's surface There are plant distributions, air flow is good, where temperature, humidity change are stablized;Humus soil rich in organic matter or sandy loam Soil;The plot of soil subacidity, pH value 6.0~7.0, hydrophobicity and good permeability;
(2) seed treatment and nursery:In the Panax notoginseng seeds that sowing collection upper one year is ripe, select it is full it is pure, without disease pest The work kind that evil, nothing are gone mouldy;Seed is put into people bamboo sieve, peel is removed in stranding, is cleaned, is dried surface moisture;Soaked seed 10 minutes with bactericidal liquid Disinfect;Then under conditions of 0~3 DEG C, after seed is cooled down 7~15 days;It is oily with 100mg/L gibberellins and 0.1mg/L Rape lactone soaks seed 45d, then soaks 24h with clear water, with placing 5- in the environment of 15~25 DEG C are placed at after gauze wrapped 10 days, seed is put in nursery carried out seed cultivation;Cover 3~5cm fine earths;Rate of sheltering from heat or light in cultivating process at least 70%, Transplant after seedling cultivation and one-year, the time is in January in December to next year;
(3) site preparation:Plot is chosen, and will lie fallow 3 months to half a year, and period will repeatedly be turned over to planting site, promote soil Earth air slaking;Quick lime is sprinkled on planting site within 3 months before planting, is then ploughed, depth be 15~20 centimetres, make quick lime with Soil is sufficiently mixed;Sterilization is turned over once after 15~30 days again;Finally, will be soil rake thin, with fertile soil and dead leaf and plant ash After mixing, paving is sprinkled upon in soil;The fertile soil and dead leaf take from remote mountains woods upper soll layer and Jing soil fumigants carry out stifling place Managed;Support column is built on planting site, sunshade net is built on the support columns;
(4) bedding and apply fertilizer to the subsoil, furrow are wide 1.2~1.6 meters, 60~80 centimetres of furrow spacing, and, depending on landform, furrow are high by 30 for furrow length ~40 centimetres, furrow week bamboo pole or waddy block, in case furrow intellectual collapses, furrow face is in watt antiform;Organic base fertilizer is applied in furrow bottom;Often Mu ground dose is 1000~1500 kilograms;And after covering 6~8cm thin soils, repave last layer Folium Pini and/or weeds;Thickness is 5 ~10 centimetres;
(5) transplanting and management:Kind of a plant hole is dug by 8~10cm of spacing in the rows, well-rotted farmyard manure and compound fertilizer is put in kind of plant hole, so After cover fine earth lid kind, blinding 3~4cm of thickness is transplanted to planting in plant hole in batches according to the size of Seedling after Radix Notoginseng seedling is extracted, is transplanted Before use 300 times of zineb to dip root, pulled out after dipping immediately and dry and plant in time;
(6) field and water and fertilizer management:A, water and fertilizer management, periodically pour moisture content and fertilising, and Radix Notoginseng is watered after transplanting 7 days; Once topdressed in 15~20 days after Radix Notoginseng transplanting, topdressed from the slow release Water soluble fertilizer for being adapted to Panax notoginseng Growth, three days after topdressing Once poured, met Panax notoginseng Growth nutritional need;Run into dry weather to keep the skin wet in time, run into the unbroken rainy day, in time Row's ditch is hydrophobic;B, parasitosis preventing and treating, periodically check Radix Notoginseng growing way, it is found that disease pest is prevented and treated in time;Diseased plant is pulled out in time and is disappeared with Calx Viral disease cave or sprinkling bactericidal liquid;C, regular weeding and fertilising of loosening the soil, fertilising are taken and are repeatedly carried out on a small quantity, Radix Notoginseng seedling replanting into Apply fertilizer once every March after work, fertilizer is based on fertilizer;D, adjustment shade density, spring transmittance is 60%~70%, summer Transmittance is 45%~50%, and autumn transmittance is 50%~60%;
Preferably, during bactericidal liquid described in the step is 1000 times of liquid of 65% zineb, 400 times of liquid and 50% thiophanate One or two kinds of according to arbitrary proportion mix.
Preferably, in the step (2) suffocating treatment be fertile soil and dead leaf are sprayed using soil fumigant after Covering mulch film carries out fumigation, a length of 7~15 days when disinfecting, takes off film and dissipate poison 10~15 days after the completion of sterilization;The soil Earth fumigant mops up greatly wettable powder for 95%.
Preferably, organic base fertilizer described in the step (4) is based on number, 100~300 parts of animal wastes, night soil 100 ~200 parts, 100~200 parts of plant ash, 50~80 parts of Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, 40~50 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 60~80 parts of flyash, wheat 8~16 parts of meal stone, 6~10 parts of humic acid, 12~18 parts of bacterium treasured;Preparation method is that each component is fully fully mixed with biological inoculum Fermentation in heaps after conjunction, continuous turning in sweat, fermentation in heaps are obtained for 30~45 days.
Preferably, described in the step (6), slow release Water soluble fertilizer is prepared by the raw material of following weight portion:Carbamide 10~ 30 parts, 20~30 parts of dalcium biphosphate, 10~30 parts of potassium humate, 5~10 parts of middle trace element, 5~8 parts of tartaric acid, Sargassum 6~12 parts of sour sodium, 12~16 parts of esterification tamarind seed polysaccharide glue.
Preferably, also include to the step of seedling split application, using N in the step (2):P:K=1:1:1 it is compound Fertilizer;Compound fertilizer of the fertilising in first 10~15 days for mass fraction 10%;20% compound fertilizer of the fertilising in 15~30 days for mass fraction;30 Apply fertilizer as the compound fertilizer that mass fraction is 30% to seedling after it.
Preferably, support column terrain clearance described in the step (3) is 1.5~2.5 meters.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the present invention is:1st, employ due to have selected suitable sowing environment, And with the common pre- preventing disease and pest of mode of physics and chemistry, effectively prevent the generation of pest and disease damage, reduce the use of pesticide, protect Environment is protected;2nd, organic fertilizer before transplanting, improves the content of soil organic matter, improves Soil Micro-environment;Maifanitum and fine coal The addition of ash, can improve the crumb structure of soil, keep soil from packing together, and promote the breathing of Panax notoginseng root, improve absorbance;Plus Enter humic acid to avoid burning the risk of root, seedling percent is high;The fertilizer efficiency of fertilizer persistently, can improve the yield and quality of Radix Notoginseng; 3rd, the organic fertilizer for adopting mostly is garbage, not only ecological, environmental protective, additionally it is possible to improve hardened, the reparation soil that chemical fertilizer is caused to soil Earth, improves crop absorption ratio;4th, to nursery through domestication, the nursery base taken meets the ecosystem of Radix Notoginseng, and adopts With low temperature and sterilization processing, the seedling-growing time of seed is shortened, improve the germination rate of seed.
Specific embodiment
Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Based on the enforcement in the present invention Example, the every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made by those skilled in the art belong to this The scope of bright protection.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng, the method comprise the steps:
(1) planting site is selected:Height above sea level is 1000~1500m;The gradient is 10~50 degree;The rainfall is plentiful and each layer height of earth's surface There are plant distributions, air flow is good, where temperature, humidity change are stablized;Humus soil rich in organic matter or sandy loam Soil;The plot of soil subacidity, pH value 6.0~7.0, hydrophobicity and good permeability;
(2) seed treatment and nursery:In the Panax notoginseng seeds that sowing collection upper one year is ripe, select it is full it is pure, without disease pest The work kind that evil, nothing are gone mouldy;Seed is put into people bamboo sieve, peel is removed in stranding, is cleaned, is dried surface moisture;Soaked seed 10 minutes with bactericidal liquid Disinfect, bactericidal liquid is 65% zineb, 400 times of liquid;Then, under conditions of 0~3 DEG C, seed is cooled down 7 days;With 100mg/L gibberellins and 0.1mg/L brassinosteroids immersion seed 45d, gibberellins and brassinosteroid volume ratio are 2:1, then 24h being soaked with clear water, being placed 10 days with the environment of 15 DEG C are placed at after gauze wrapped, observation germination situation, treats daily The quick-fried tooth rate of observation seed reaches more than 60%, and seed is put in nursery carries out seed cultivation;Cover 3cm fine earths;Cultivated Rate of sheltering from heat or light in journey at least 70%, transplants after seedling cultivation and one-year, and the time is in January in December to next year;Simultaneously during nursery, periodically To the fertilizer that seedling is sufficient, using N:P:K=1:1:1 compound fertilizer mixes sprinkling with water, and fertilising in first 10~15 days is quality point The compound fertilizer of number 10%;20% compound fertilizer of the fertilising in 15~30 days for mass fraction;Apply fertilizer as quality point to seedling afterwards within 30 days Number is 30% compound fertilizer, carries out supplementary fertilizer according to Seedling growing way afterwards;After nursery 1 year, seedling is thick in this manner, and root system is sent out Reach, transplanting survival rate is also higher;
(3) site preparation:Plot is chosen, and will lie fallow 3 months to half a year, and period will repeatedly be turned over to planting site, promote soil Earth air slaking;Quick lime is sprinkled on planting site within 3 months before planting, is then ploughed, depth is 15 centimetres, makes quick lime and soil It is sufficiently mixed;Sterilization is turned over once after 15 days again;Finally, will be soil rake thin, spread after being mixed with plant ash with fertile soil and dead leaf It is sprinkled upon in soil;Fertile soil and dead leaf take from remote mountains woods upper soll layer and Jing soil fumigants carry out what suffocating treatment was crossed;Specifically It is that soil fumigant mops up greatly wettable powder for 95%, sprinkling bonnet is carried out to fertile soil and dead leaf using soil fumigant Upper mulch film carries out fumigation, a length of 7 days when disinfecting, takes off film and dissipate poison 10 days after the completion of sterilization;Can kill in fertile soil A large amount of antibacterials and worm's ovum, it is to avoid be introduced in planting site;Then support column is built on planting site, support column is highly from the ground 1.5 meters, support column can be bamboo trunk or concrete column, build sunshade net on the support columns;
(4) bedding and apply fertilizer to the subsoil, furrow are wide 1.2 meters, 60 centimetres of furrow spacing, and, depending on landform, furrow are high 30 centimetres for furrow length, furrow week Blocked with bamboo pole or waddy, in case furrow intellectual collapses, furrow face is in watt antiform;Organic base fertilizer is applied in furrow bottom;Per mu ground dose be 1000 kilograms;And after covering 6~8cm thin soils, repave last layer Folium Pini and/or weeds;Thickness is 5~10 centimetres;Organic base fertilizer is pressed Number meter, 100 parts of animal wastes, 100 parts of night soil, 100 parts of plant ash, 50 parts of Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, 40 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, flyash 60 parts, 8 parts of Maifanitum, 6 parts of humic acid, bacterium is precious 12 parts;Preparation method be each component is fully sufficiently mixed with biological inoculum after Fermentation in heaps, continuous turning in sweat, fermentation in heaps are obtained for 35 days;
(5) transplanting and management:Kind of a plant hole is dug by spacing in the rows 8cm, well-rotted farmyard manure and compound fertilizer is put in kind of plant hole, is then covered Fine earth lid kind, blinding 3~4cm of thickness are transplanted to planting in plant hole in batches according to the size of Seedling after Radix Notoginseng seedling is extracted, are used before transplanting 300 times of zineb dip root, pull out immediately and dry and plant in time after dipping;
(6) field and water and fertilizer management:A, water and fertilizer management, periodically pour moisture content and fertilising, and Radix Notoginseng is watered after transplanting 7 days; Once topdressed in 15 days after Radix Notoginseng transplanting, topdress from the slow release Water soluble fertilizer for being adapted to Panax notoginseng Growth, carry out within three days after topdressing Once pour, meet Panax notoginseng Growth nutritional need;Slow release Water soluble fertilizer is prepared by the raw material of following weight portion:10 parts of carbamide, 20 parts of dalcium biphosphate, 10 parts of potassium humate, 5 parts of middle trace element, 5 parts of tartaric acid, 6 parts of sodium alginate, esterification tamarind are more 12 parts of carbohydrate gum;Run into dry weather to keep the skin wet in time, run into the unbroken rainy day, row's ditch is hydrophobic in time;B, parasitosis preventing and treating, periodically look into Radix Notoginseng growing way is seen, it is found that disease pest is prevented and treated in time;Pull out in time diseased plant and with lime disinfection disease cave or sprinkling bactericidal liquid;Or with 75% Bravo wettable powder mixes 50% octyl sulfate Emulsion carries out spraying preventing and treating, sprays 2 times every year;C, regular weeding and pine Soil fertilization, fertilising are taken and are repeatedly carried out on a small quantity, and Radix Notoginseng seedling replanting applies fertilizer once every March after surviving, and fertilizer with fertilizer is It is main;D, adjustment shade density, spring transmittance is 60%~70%, and summer transmittance is 45%~50%, and autumn transmittance is 50%~60%, just can excavate after Radix Notoginseng foot year, excavate when late October to early November cane turns withered and yellow by green, remove Preservation is dried after removing stem and leaf, fibrous root and soil.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng, the method comprise the steps:
(1) planting site is selected:Height above sea level is 1600~2000m;The gradient is 10~50 degree;The rainfall is plentiful and each layer height of earth's surface There are plant distributions, air flow is good, where temperature, humidity change are stablized;Humus soil rich in organic matter or sandy loam Soil;The plot of soil subacidity, pH value 6.0~7.0, hydrophobicity and good permeability;
(2) seed treatment and nursery:In the Panax notoginseng seeds that sowing collection upper one year is ripe, select it is full it is pure, without disease pest The work kind that evil, nothing are gone mouldy;Seed is put into people bamboo sieve, peel is removed in stranding, is cleaned, is dried surface moisture;Soaked seed 10 minutes with bactericidal liquid Disinfect, bactericidal liquid is 50% thiophanate, 1000 times of liquid;Then, under conditions of 0~3 DEG C, seed is cooled down 10 days;With 100mg/L gibberellins and 0.1mg/L brassinosteroids immersion seed 45d, gibberellins and brassinosteroid volume ratio are 2:1, then 24h being soaked with clear water, being placed 8 days with the environment of 20 DEG C are placed at after gauze wrapped, observation germination situation, waits to see daily Examine the quick-fried tooth rate of seed and reach more than 60%, seed is put in nursery carries out seed cultivation;Cover 3cm fine earths;Cultivating process In shelter from heat or light rate at least 70%, transplant after seedling cultivation and one-year, the time is in January in December to next year;Simultaneously during nursery, periodically give The sufficient fertilizer of seedling, using N:P:K=1:1:1 compound fertilizer mixes sprinkling with water, and fertilising in first 10~15 days is mass fraction 10% compound fertilizer;20% compound fertilizer of the fertilising in 15~30 days for mass fraction;Apply fertilizer as mass fraction to seedling afterwards within 30 days For 30% compound fertilizer, supplementary fertilizer is carried out according to Seedling growing way afterwards;After nursery 1 year, seedling is thick in this manner, well developed root system, Transplanting survival rate is also higher;
(3) site preparation:Plot is chosen, and will lie fallow 3 months to half a year, and period will repeatedly be turned over to planting site, promote soil Earth air slaking;Quick lime is sprinkled on planting site within 3 months before planting, is then ploughed, depth is 18 centimetres, makes quick lime and soil It is sufficiently mixed;Sterilization is turned over once after 25 days again;Finally, will be soil rake thin, spread after being mixed with plant ash with fertile soil and dead leaf It is sprinkled upon in soil;Fertile soil and dead leaf take from remote mountains woods upper soll layer and Jing soil fumigants carry out what suffocating treatment was crossed;Specifically It is that soil fumigant mops up greatly wettable powder and calculogenesis ash for 95%, is 2 according to mass ratio:1, using soil fumigant Mulch film is covered after spraying to fertile soil and dead leaf carries out fumigation, a length of 10 days when disinfecting, takes off after the completion of sterilization Film dissipates poison 12 days;A large amount of antibacterials and worm's ovum in fertile soil can be killed, it is to avoid be introduced in planting site;Then take on planting site Support column is built, height is 2.0 meters to support column from the ground, and support column can be bamboo trunk or concrete column, take on the support columns Build sunshade net;
(4) bedding and apply fertilizer to the subsoil, furrow are wide 1.4 meters, 70 centimetres of furrow spacing, and, depending on landform, furrow are high 35 centimetres for furrow length, furrow week Blocked with bamboo pole or waddy, in case furrow intellectual collapses, furrow face is in watt antiform;Organic base fertilizer is applied in furrow bottom;Per mu ground dose be 1200 kilograms;And after covering 6~8cm thin soils, repave last layer Folium Pini and/or weeds;Thickness is 5~10 centimetres;Organic base fertilizer is pressed Number meter, 200 parts of animal wastes, 150 parts of night soil, 150 parts of plant ash, 60 parts of Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, 45 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, flyash 70 parts, 12 parts of Maifanitum, 8 parts of humic acid, bacterium is precious 16 parts;Preparation method be each component is fully sufficiently mixed with biological inoculum after Fermentation in heaps, continuous turning in sweat, fermentation in heaps are obtained for 30 days;
(5) transplanting and management:Kind of a plant hole is dug by spacing in the rows 10cm, well-rotted farmyard manure and compound fertilizer is put in kind of plant hole, then Fine earth lid kind is covered, blinding 3~4cm of thickness is transplanted into kind plant hole, before transplanting in batches according to the size of Seedling after Radix Notoginseng seedling is extracted Root is dipped with 300 times of zineb, is pulled out after dipping immediately and is dried and plant in time;
(6) field and water and fertilizer management:A, water and fertilizer management, periodically pour moisture content and fertilising, and Radix Notoginseng is watered after transplanting 7 days; Once topdressed in 15 days after Radix Notoginseng transplanting, topdress from the slow release Water soluble fertilizer for being adapted to Panax notoginseng Growth, carry out within three days after topdressing Once pour, meet Panax notoginseng Growth nutritional need;Slow release Water soluble fertilizer is prepared by the raw material of following weight portion:20 parts of carbamide, 25 parts of dalcium biphosphate, 20 parts of potassium humate, 8 parts of middle trace element, 6 parts of tartaric acid, 8 parts of sodium alginate, esterification tamarind are more 14 parts of carbohydrate gum;Run into dry weather to keep the skin wet in time, run into the unbroken rainy day, row's ditch is hydrophobic in time;B, parasitosis preventing and treating, periodically look into Radix Notoginseng growing way is seen, it is found that disease pest is prevented and treated in time;Pull out in time diseased plant and with lime disinfection disease cave or sprinkling bactericidal liquid;Or with 75% Bravo wettable powder mixes 50% octyl sulfate Emulsion carries out spraying preventing and treating, sprays 2 times every year;C, regular weeding and pine Soil fertilization, fertilising are taken and are repeatedly carried out on a small quantity, and Radix Notoginseng seedling replanting applies fertilizer once every March after surviving, and fertilizer with fertilizer is It is main;D, adjustment shade density, spring transmittance is 60%~70%, and summer transmittance is 45%~50%, and autumn transmittance is 50%~60%;Just can excavate after Radix Notoginseng foot year, excavate when late October to early November cane turns withered and yellow by green, remove Preservation is dried after removing stem and leaf, fibrous root and soil.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng, the method comprise the steps:
(1) planting site is selected:Height above sea level is 1800~2500m;The gradient is 10~50 degree;The rainfall is plentiful and each layer height of earth's surface There are plant distributions, air flow is good, where temperature, humidity change are stablized;Humus soil rich in organic matter or sandy loam Soil;The plot of soil subacidity, pH value 6.0~7.0, hydrophobicity and good permeability;
(2) seed treatment and nursery:In the Panax notoginseng seeds that sowing collection upper one year is ripe, select it is full it is pure, without disease pest The work kind that evil, nothing are gone mouldy;Seed is put into people bamboo sieve, peel is removed in stranding, is cleaned, is dried surface moisture;Soaked seed 10 minutes with bactericidal liquid Disinfect, it is that 1000 times of liquid of 65% zineb, 400 times of liquid and 50% thiophanate are prepared according to arbitrary ratio that bactericidal liquid is bactericidal liquid; Then, under conditions of 0~3 DEG C, seed is cooled down 10 days;With 100mg/L gibberellins and the immersion kind of 0.1mg/L brassinosteroids Sub- 45d, gibberellins and brassinosteroid volume ratio are 2:1, then 24h is soaked with clear water, with 20 DEG C are placed at after gauze wrapped Place 8 days under environment, daily observation germination situation, the quick-fried tooth rate of seed to be seen reaches more than 60%, seed is put into and is educated Seed cultivation is carried out in Seedling ground;Cover 5cm fine earths;Rate of sheltering from heat or light in cultivating process at least 70%, transplants after seedling cultivation and one-year, and the time exists January in December to next year;Simultaneously during nursery, periodically to the fertilizer that seedling is sufficient, using N:P:K=1:1:1 it is compound Fertilizer mixes sprinkling, compound fertilizer of the fertilising in first 10~15 days for mass fraction 10% with water;Fertilising in 15~30 days is mass fraction 20% compound fertilizer;30 days afterwards to seedling fertilising be the compound fertilizer that mass fraction is 30%, supplementary fertilizer is carried out according to Seedling growing way afterwards; After nursery 1 year, seedling is thick in this manner, and well developed root system, transplanting survival rate are also higher;
(3) site preparation:Plot is chosen, and will lie fallow 3 months to half a year, and period will repeatedly be turned over to planting site, promote soil Earth air slaking;Quick lime is sprinkled on planting site within 3 months before planting, is then ploughed, depth is 20 centimetres, makes quick lime and soil It is sufficiently mixed;Sterilization is turned over once after 30 days again;Finally, will be soil rake thin, spread after being mixed with plant ash with fertile soil and dead leaf It is sprinkled upon in soil;Fertile soil and dead leaf take from remote mountains woods upper soll layer and Jing soil fumigants carry out what suffocating treatment was crossed;Specifically It is that soil fumigant mops up greatly wettable powder for 95%, sprinkling bonnet is carried out to fertile soil and dead leaf using soil fumigant Upper mulch film carries out fumigation, a length of 15 days when disinfecting, takes off film and dissipate poison 15 days after the completion of sterilization;Can kill in fertile soil A large amount of antibacterials and worm's ovum, it is to avoid be introduced in planting site;Then support column is built on planting site, support column is highly from the ground 2.5 meters, support column can be bamboo trunk or concrete column, build sunshade net on the support columns;
(4) bedding and apply fertilizer to the subsoil, furrow are wide 1.6 meters, 80 centimetres of furrow spacing, and, depending on landform, furrow are high 40 centimetres for furrow length, furrow week Blocked with bamboo pole or waddy, in case furrow intellectual collapses, furrow face is in watt antiform;Organic base fertilizer is applied in furrow bottom;Per mu ground dose be 1500 kilograms;And after covering 6~8cm thin soils, repave last layer Folium Pini and/or weeds;Thickness is 5~10 centimetres;Organic base fertilizer is pressed Number meter, 300 parts of animal wastes, 200 parts of night soil, 200 parts of plant ash, 80 parts of Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, 50 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, flyash 70 parts, 16 parts of Maifanitum, 10 parts of humic acid, bacterium is precious 18 parts;Preparation method is that each component is fully sufficiently mixed with biological inoculum Fermentation in heaps afterwards, continuous turning in sweat, fermentation in heaps are obtained for 45 days;
(5) transplanting and management:Kind of a plant hole is dug by spacing in the rows 10cm, well-rotted farmyard manure and compound fertilizer is put in kind of plant hole, then Fine earth lid kind is covered, blinding 3~4cm of thickness is transplanted into kind plant hole, before transplanting in batches according to the size of Seedling after Radix Notoginseng seedling is extracted Root is dipped with 300 times of zineb, is pulled out after dipping immediately and is dried and plant in time;
(6) field and water and fertilizer management:A, water and fertilizer management, periodically pour moisture content and fertilising, and Radix Notoginseng is watered after transplanting 7 days; Once topdressed in 15 days after Radix Notoginseng transplanting, topdress from the slow release Water soluble fertilizer for being adapted to Panax notoginseng Growth, carry out within three days after topdressing Once pour, meet Panax notoginseng Growth nutritional need;Slow release Water soluble fertilizer is prepared by the raw material of following weight portion:30 parts of carbamide, 30 parts of dalcium biphosphate, 30 parts of potassium humate, 10 parts of middle trace element, 8 parts of tartaric acid, 12 parts of sodium alginate, esterification tamarind 16 parts of polysaccharide gum;Run into dry weather to keep the skin wet in time, run into the unbroken rainy day, row's ditch is hydrophobic in time;B, parasitosis preventing and treating, periodically Radix Notoginseng growing way is checked, it is found that disease pest is prevented and treated in time;Pull out in time diseased plant and with lime disinfection disease cave or sprinkling bactericidal liquid;Or Mixing 50% octyl sulfate Emulsion with 75% Bravo wettable powder carries out spraying preventing and treating, sprays 2 times every year;C, regular weeding and Loosen the soil fertilising, fertilising is taken and repeatedly carried out on a small quantity, Radix Notoginseng seedling replanting survive after every March fertilising once, fertilizer is with fertilizer Based on;D, adjustment shade density, spring transmittance is 60%~70%, and summer transmittance is 45%~50%, and autumn transmittance is 50%~60%;Just can excavate after Radix Notoginseng foot year, excavate when late October to early November cane turns withered and yellow by green, remove Preservation is dried after removing stem and leaf, fibrous root and soil.
Test case 1
The plantation of Radix Notoginseng is carried out according to the planting type of embodiment 1-3 during 2008 to 2016, and with tradition kind Radix Notoginseng mode is planted for control, the seed germination rate of the Radix Notoginseng planted to embodiment 1-3 and in compareing and crop yield are carried out Statistics, statistical result are as shown in table 1:
Table 1
As it can be seen from table 1 the intercropping culture mode that the present invention is adopted, compared with conventional method, the seedling-growing time of Radix Notoginseng, Seed germination rate and per mu yield are improved, remarkable in economical benefits.
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, not to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng, it is characterised in that the method comprises the steps:
(1) planting site is selected:Height above sea level is 1000~2500m;The gradient is 10~50 degree;The rainfall is plentiful and each layer height of earth's surface has Plant distributions, air flow are good, where temperature, humidity change are stablized;Humus soil rich in organic matter or sandy loam;Soil The plot of earth subacidity, pH value 6.0~7.0, hydrophobicity and good permeability;
(2) seed treatment and nursery:In the Panax notoginseng seeds that sowing collection upper one year is ripe, full pure, no disease and pests harm, nothing are selected The work kind gone mouldy;Seed is put into people bamboo sieve, peel is removed in stranding, is cleaned, is dried surface moisture;At bactericidal liquid seed soaking sterilization in 10 minutes Reason;Then under conditions of 0~3 DEG C, after seed is cooled down 7~15 days;With in 100mg/L gibberellins and 0.1mg/L Brassica campestris Ls element Ester soaks seed 45d, then soaks 24h with clear water, is placed 5-10 days with the environment of 15~25 DEG C are placed at after gauze wrapped, will Seed is put in nursery carries out seed cultivation;Cover 3~5cm fine earths;Rate of sheltering from heat or light in cultivating process at least 70%, seedling cultivation and one-year After transplant, the time is in January in December to next year;
(3) site preparation:Plot is chosen, and will lie fallow 3 months to half a year, and period will repeatedly be turned over to planting site, promote soil wind Change;Quick lime is sprinkled on planting site within 3 months before planting, is then ploughed, depth is 15~20 centimetres, makes quick lime and soil It is sufficiently mixed;Sterilization is turned over once after 15~30 days again;Finally, will be soil rake thin, mixed with plant ash with fertile soil and dead leaf Paving is sprinkled upon in soil afterwards;The fertile soil and dead leaf take from remote mountains woods upper soll layer and Jing soil fumigants carry out suffocating treatment mistake 's;Support column is built on planting site, sunshade net is built on the support columns;
(4) bedding and apply fertilizer to the subsoil, furrow are wide 1.2~1.6 meters, 60~80 centimetres of furrow spacing, and, depending on landform, furrow are high by 30~40 for furrow length Centimetre, furrow week bamboo pole or waddy block, in case furrow intellectual collapses, furrow face is in watt antiform;Organic base fertilizer is applied in furrow bottom;Per mu of ground Dose is 1000~1500 kilograms;And after covering 6~8cm thin soils, repave last layer Folium Pini and/or weeds;Thickness is 5~10 Centimetre;
(5) transplanting and management:Kind of a plant hole is dug by 8~10cm of spacing in the rows, well-rotted farmyard manure and compound fertilizer is put in kind of plant hole, is then covered Fine earth lid kind, blinding 3~4cm of thickness are transplanted to planting in plant hole in batches according to the size of Seedling after Radix Notoginseng seedling is extracted, are used before transplanting 300 times of zineb dip root, pull out immediately and dry and plant in time after dipping;
(6) field and water and fertilizer management:A, water and fertilizer management, periodically pour moisture content and fertilising, and Radix Notoginseng is watered after transplanting 7 days;In Radix Notoginseng Once topdressed in 15~20 days after transplanting, topdress from the slow release Water soluble fertilizer for being adapted to Panax notoginseng Growth, carry out within three days after topdressing Once pour, meet Panax notoginseng Growth nutritional need;Run into dry weather to keep the skin wet in time, run into the unbroken rainy day, arrange ditch in time It is hydrophobic;B, parasitosis preventing and treating, periodically check Radix Notoginseng growing way, it is found that disease pest is prevented and treated in time;Pull out in time diseased plant and with lime disinfection disease Cave or sprinkling bactericidal liquid;C, regular weeding and fertilising of loosening the soil, fertilising are taken and are repeatedly carried out on a small quantity, after Radix Notoginseng seedling replanting is survived Apply fertilizer once every March, fertilizer is based on fertilizer;D, adjustment shade density, spring transmittance is 60%~70%, summer printing opacity Spend for 45%~50%, autumn transmittance is 50%~60%.
2. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Bactericidal liquid described in the step was 65% generation One or two kinds of in 1000 times of liquid of 400 times of liquid of gloomy zinc and 50% thiophanate mixes according to arbitrary proportion.
3. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step (2), suffocating treatment is utilization Soil fumigant covers mulch film and carries out fumigation after spraying to fertile soil and dead leaf, a length of 7~15 days when disinfecting, Film is taken off after the completion of sterilization and dissipates poison 10~15 days;The soil fumigant mops up greatly wettable powder for 95%.
4. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in the step (4), organic base fertilizer is pressed Number meter, 100~300 parts of animal wastes, 100~200 parts of night soil, 100~200 parts of plant ash, 50~80 parts of Caulis arachidis hypogaeae, phosphorus 40~50 parts of acid dihydride potassium, 60~80 parts of flyash, 8~16 parts of Maifanitum, 6~10 parts of humic acid, 12~18 parts of bacterium treasured;Prepare Method is that each component is fully sufficiently mixed rear fermentation in heaps, continuous turning, fermentation in heaps 30 in sweat with biological inoculum Obtain within~45 days.
5. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Slow release Water soluble fertilizer described in the step (6) Prepared by the raw material of following weight portion:10~30 parts of carbamide, 20~30 parts of dalcium biphosphate, 10~30 parts of potassium humate, 5~10 parts of middle trace element, 5~8 parts of tartaric acid, 6~12 parts of sodium alginate, 12~16 parts of esterification tamarind seed polysaccharide glue.
6. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include in the step (2) to seedling point The step of phase applies fertilizer, using N:P:K=1:1:1 compound fertilizer;Compound fertilizer of the fertilising in first 10~15 days for mass fraction 10%;15 20% compound fertilizer of the fertilising in~30 days for mass fraction;Apply fertilizer as the compound fertilizer that mass fraction is 30% to seedling afterwards within 30 days.
7. implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in the step (3), support column is liftoff Highly it is 1.5~2.5 meters.
CN201611173781.XA 2016-12-16 2016-12-16 Panax notoginseng planting method Pending CN106576838A (en)

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CN107409690A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-12-01 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 A kind of high-yield planting method of pseudo-ginseng
CN107409724A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-01 江西农业大学 A kind of method for optimizing astragalus mongholicus Bge dose
CN107821419A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-03-23 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Pseudo-ginseng underwood planting method
CN108476897A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-09-04 云南农业大学 A method of promote Radix Notoginseng main root to grow and its fibrous root is inhibited to grow
CN108739171A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-06 安徽亿源药业股份有限公司 A kind of Radix Notoginseng fast seedling-cultivating method
CN109006295A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 云南唯七诺健康科技有限公司 The green ecological implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng
CN109006294A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 云南唯七诺健康科技有限公司 Radix Notoginseng is without the residual cultural method of agriculture
CN109121907A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-04 昆明理工大学 Cut down the implantation methods of notoginseng root rot under a kind of microspray irrigation fertilizer application condition
CN111345203A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-06-30 何淑红 Self-regulation agricultural vegetable planting method for acid soil

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107173001A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-19 香格里拉市雪域天赐电子商务有限公司 The wild long column Smilacina japonica implantation methods of NW YUNNAN
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CN107409724A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-01 江西农业大学 A kind of method for optimizing astragalus mongholicus Bge dose
CN107821419A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-03-23 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Pseudo-ginseng underwood planting method
CN108476897A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-09-04 云南农业大学 A method of promote Radix Notoginseng main root to grow and its fibrous root is inhibited to grow
CN108739171A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-06 安徽亿源药业股份有限公司 A kind of Radix Notoginseng fast seedling-cultivating method
CN109006295A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 云南唯七诺健康科技有限公司 The green ecological implantation methods of Radix Notoginseng
CN109006294A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 云南唯七诺健康科技有限公司 Radix Notoginseng is without the residual cultural method of agriculture
CN109121907A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-04 昆明理工大学 Cut down the implantation methods of notoginseng root rot under a kind of microspray irrigation fertilizer application condition
CN111345203A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-06-30 何淑红 Self-regulation agricultural vegetable planting method for acid soil

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